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EX      L    I    B    R    I    S 

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1 


EINAR   GJERSTAD 


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J-^     ■      jfliCAXioCj. 


A    CATALOGUE 


OF 


THE    CYPRUS    MUSEUM 


HENRY    FROWDE,    M.  A. 

PUBLISHER  TO  THE  UNIVERSITY  OF  OXFORD 


LONDON,    EDINBURGH,   AND   NEW   YORK 


A    CATALOGUE 


OF  THE 


CYPRUS  MUSEUM 


WITH   A 

CHRONICLE  OF  EXCAVATIONS  UNDERTAKEN 
SINCE  THE  BRITISH  OCCUPATION 

AND 

INTRODUCTORY  NOTES  ON  CYPRIOTE  ARCHAEOLOGY 


BY 

JOHN  L.  MYRES,  M.A.,  F.S.A.,  RR.G.S. 

STUDENT  AND   TUTOR   OF   CHRIST    CHURCH,   OXFORD  J 

FORMERLY    FELLOW  OF   MAGDALEN  COLLEGE, 

CRAVEN   FELLOW  AND   BURDETT-COUTTS  SCHOLAR. 

AND 

MAX   OHNEFALSCH-RICHTER,  Ph.D. 

MEMBER  OF  THE  ANTHROPOLOGICAL  AND  GEOGRAPHICAL  SOCIETIES  OF  BERLIN 


WITH    EIGHT    PLATES 


AT   THE    CLARENDON    PRESS 

T899 


PRINTED  AT  THE  CLARENDON   PRESS 

BY    HORACE    HART,    M.A. 
PRINTER  TO   THE  UNIVERSITY 


M  GETTY  C£NI£ft 

I  IQD.4DV 


PREFACE 


This  Catalogue  is  the  outcome  of  a  suggestion  made  by  His 
Excellency  the  High  Commissioner  for  Cyprus  to  the  Colonial 
Office  in  October,  1893,  that  advantage  should  be  taken  of  the 
operations  of  the  British  Museum  at  Amathus,  to  secure  a  report 
on  the  condition  of  the  Government  Collection  of  Antiquities^ 
The  invitation  was  repeated  by  the  Chief  Secretary  to  Mr.  Myres, 
a  member  of  the  British  School  of  Archaeology  in  Athens,  who 
was  for  a  while  in  charge  of  the  excavations  at  Amathus,  and 
in  the  course  of  the  summer  of  18^  the  whole  Collection  was 
cleaned,  arranged,  and  catalogued. 

Dr.  Max  Ohnefalsch-Richter  offered  Mr.  Myres  his  assistance 
at  an  early  stage  in  the  work,  and  revised  some  part  of  the 
Catalogue  after  Mr.  Myres  had  left  Cyprus. 

The  long  delay  in  the  appearance  of  the  work  is  due  to 
a  variety  of  causes,  and  not  least  to  the  difficulty  of  arranging 
for  its  publication  and  for  the  completion  of  the  Plates  at 
a  distance  from  Cyprus. 

The  compilers  wish  here  to  express  their  appreciation  of  the 
manner  in  which  the  Clarendon  Press  undertook  the  publication 
of  the  book,  and  to  acknowledge  their  obligations,  for  help  of 
many  kinds,  to  English  residents  in  Cyprus  ;  to  Professor  W.  M. 
Flinders  Petrie,  Professor  E.  A.  Gardner,  Mr.  A.  H.  Smith,  and 
Mr.  D.  G.  Hogarth,  for  suggestions  and  corrections  in  detail ;  to 
Dr.  A.  S.  Murray,  for  permission  to  report  the  acquisitions  from 
the  excavations  of  the  British  Museum  at  Kurion,  1895,  and 
Sala^nis,  1896  ;  and  to  Mr.  H.  B.  Walters,  who  has  kindly  revised 
the  whole  of  the  proofs,  and  contributed  the  account  of  the 
excavations  at  Kurion  and  Maroni. 

The  Government  Collection  of  Antiquities  has  come  into 
existence  in  virtue  of  the   Ottoman  Law  of  1874,  which  still 


VI  PREFACE. 

prevails  in  Cyprus  ;  and  by  which  the^  Government  acquires 
a  third  part  of  the  finds  in  any  excavations  which  are  permitted. 
Needless  to  say,  the  surreptitious  excavations  which  are  per- 
sistently carried  on  by  all  classes  in  Cyprus  pay  no  such  tribute, 
except  in  the  rare  cases  when  antiquities  are  confiscated.  A  small 
collection  of  such  antiquities  lies  in  the  Castle  at  Kcrynia :  this 
might  with  advantage  have  been  brought  to  Nicosia.  Both  at 
Kiiklia  (Paphos)  and  at  Salamis  small  collections  are  preserved 
of  inscriptions  and  other  objects  found  in  excavations,  but  not 
worth  moving. 

The  British  Government  of  Cyprus  has  hitherto  spent  nothing 
in  maintaining,  or  even  in  properly  storing  the  Collections  for 
which  it  is  responsible.  Many  of  them  lay  for  years  in  the  out- 
houses of  the  Commissioner's  Office  in  Nicosia,  exposed  to  all 
kinds  of  ill  usage.  The  unique  colossal  statue  of  terracotta, 
CM.  6016,  and  the  fine  engraved  silver  bowl,  C.  M.  4881,  were 
found  here  in  1894  irreparably  damaged,  and  a  number  of  other 
objects  have  not  reappeared  at  all.  The  statues  from  Voni, 
also,  long  stood  in  the  open  corridor  of  the  Government  Offices, 
and  suffered  serious  damage.  The  Government  share  of  the 
results  from  Kurion,  1895,  is  still  lying  in  cases  at  Nicosia. 

The  Museum,  in  which  the  Government  Collections  are  now 
mainly  housed,  was  established  in  1883,  and  is  maintained  wholly 
by  private  subscriptions.  It  is  managed  by  a  Committee,  which 
occasionally  meets.  Excavations  were  conducted  on  its  behalf 
on  a  number  of  sites  in  1883-5,  by  O-R.,  who  held  the  post  of 
Consulting  Archaeologist  under  the  Committee  and  of  Super-" 
intendent  of  Excavations  for  the  Government  and  the  Museum ; 
and  excavated  also  for  individuals.  Subscriptions,  however, 
soon  fell  off,  and  in  1 894  the  funds  of  the  Museum  were  almost 
exhausted  ^. 

Labels  and  fragmentary  lists  testify  that  attempts  have  been 
made  from  time  to  time  to  rearrange  the  Collections.  The  most 
important  of  these  was  somewhere  about  1890;  the  MS. 
Catalogue  is  in  the  handwriting  of  Mr.  Joly,  who  was  for  a  while 
Secretary  of  the  Museum  Committee.  Irreparable  damage  was 
done  when  part  of  the  Collection  was  sent,  along  with  Col.  Warren's 
exhibit,  to  the  Colonial  and  Indian  Exhibition  of  1887  ;  and, 
again,  some  time  between  1889  and  1894,  by  the  dispersal  of  the 


*  For  a  fuller  account  of  the  early  days  of  the  Museum,  v.  S.  Reinach,  Chroniques 
d' Orient,  p.  i;i  ff.,  199  ff. 


PREFACE.  Vii 

Tomb  Groups  excavated  for  Dr.  Dlimmler  in  1885,  and  by 
a  '  sale  of  duplicates '  by  which  a  number  of  specimens  of  scientific 
value  passed  into  private  possession. 

Even  in  the  Museum,  the  condition  of  the  Collection  was  in 
1894  deplorable.  The  large  sculptures,  inscriptions,  and  archi- 
tectural fragments  lay  indiscriminately  in  the  courtyard,  some 
exposed  to  the  weather,  and  all  to"  frequent  injury ;  a  large 
number  of  Attic  vases  was  discovered,  after  the  Catalogue  was 
already  written  out,  in  the  wardrobe  of  the  caretaker's  wife  ;  and 
other  collections  continually  came  to  light,  as  it  became  possible 
to  empty  and  search  one  outhouse  after  another.  Hence  the 
too  frequent  irregularities  of  numbering  and  arrangement. 

The  Government  inspection  of  excavations  is  in  many  cases 
conducted  by  untrained  persons,  whose  inventories^  even  when 
they  are  intelligible  at  all,  are  valueless  for  the  identification  of 
the  objects  which  are  described.  Consequently  a  large  part 
of  the  Government  Collection  has  lost  almost  all  scientific  value.. 
It  would  be  well  if  future  excavators  were  obliged  to  deposit 
a  copy  of  their  otvn  inventory  of  the  share  which  they  leave 
behind. 

In  this  Catalogue  all  the  available  documents  have  been 
utilized,  and  arrears  are  entirely  cleared  off  down  to  1894.  The 
excavations  of  1894,  at  Amathus  and  Kition ;  of  1895,  at 
Kurion ;  and  of  1896,  at  Salamis,  are  dealt  with  in  reports  of 
the  kind  above  suggested,  and  an  arrangement  has  been  made 
with  the  Museum  Committee  for  the  publication  of  such  reports 
in  Appendices  from  time  to  time.  In  these,  the  objects  should 
be  kept  as  far  as  possible  in  their  original  Tomb  Groups,  with 
cross-references  to  the  Type  Collections. 

For  the  present  arrangement  both  compilers  are  jointly 
responsible :  O-R.  undertook  the  Graeco-Phoenician  Pottery,  I 
the  majority  of  the  Special  Collections  of  Sculpture,  and  the 
whole  of  the  measurements  ;  J.  L.  M.  the  Bronze  Age  Collection, 
the  Hellenic  Vases,  the  Glass,  Terracottas,  Bronzes,  and  Jewellery, 
the  Collections  from  Amathus  and  Kition,  and  the  drafting  of  ' 
all  the  description ;  but  every  part,  except  the  measurements, 
has  been  revised  by  both,  and  the  Introduction  in  particular 
limits  itself  to  statements  on  which  both  are  agreed.  The 
reports  of  the  excavations  of  1895  and  1896  were  contributed 
afterwards  by  the  representatives  of  the  British  Museum  who 
directed  them.  J.  L.  M.  is  solely  responsible  for  the  Indices 
and  the  Plates  ;  for  a  description  of  the  Coins  which  will  appear 


viii  PREFACE. 


separately  hereafter :  and  for  any  slips  which  may  have  escaped 
notice  in  passing  the  whole  work  through  the  press. 

This  Catalogue  attempts  to  serve  three  purposes,  which  are 
perhaps  really  incompatible.  In  the  first  place,  it  is,  as  already 
stated,  a  report  to  the  Government  of  Cyprus  on  the  condition 
of  a  part  of  its  own  property,  which  had  been  allowed  to  fall 
into  disorder.  Accordingly,  it  deals  primarily  with  the  few 
objects  which  are  in  the  Cyprus  Museum,  not  with  the  countless 
treasures  which  are  better  cared  for  elsewhere.  The  Introduction 
is  meant  only  to  provide  the  briefest  outline  of  Cypriote  civiliza- 
tion, which  would  serve  to  check  an  estimate  of  the  value  and 
importance  of  the  Collection,  and  to  exhibit  it  in  an  intelligible 
light. 

Secondly,  it  is  intended  to  summarize,  for  the  benefit  of 
archaeologists  in  general,  the  result  of  the  excavations  which 
have  been  made  since  the  British  Occupation^  and  the  conclu- 
sions which  may  be  drawn  with  some  probability  therefrom. 
The  compilers  have  been  careful  to  acknowledge  their  obliga- 
tions to  the  original  reports,  and  in  particular  to  the  Chroiiiqiies 
d'Orient  of  M.  Salomon  Reinach,  which  are  the  sole  published 
records  of  many  minor  excavations  and  are  largely  based  on 
information  furnished  by  O-R.  at  the  time.  But  they  wish  to 
make  it  clear  that  nothing  has  been  admitted  which  does  not  rest 
either  upon  the  first-hand  knowledge  of  one  or  other  of  them, 
or  on  independent  consultation  of  the  original  excavators  or 
their  reports.  Probably  there  is  not  an  original  idea  in  the 
book,  unless  it  be  original  to  verify  statements  before  republishing 
/  them.  The  British  Occupation  of  Cyprus  in  1878  marks  the 
close  of  what  may  be  called  the  mythical  age  of  Cypriote 
archaeology,  and  has  accordingly  been  taken  as  a  convenient 
starting-point  ;  but  trustworthy  data  of  earlier  researches  have 
been  taken  into  account. 

Lastly,  the  Catalogue  is  intended  to  supply  the  wayfaring 
man,  though  '  personally  conducted,'  with  a  simple  clue,  in  plain 
English,  to  the  mazes  of  Cypriote  archaeology  and  of  the  Cyprus 
Museum.  Technical  language  has  been  avoided  as  far  as  possible, 
and  has  been  explained,  perhaps  over- explicitly,  where  it  was 
unavoidable.  The  initiated  will  pardon,  in  the  interest  of  the 
majority,  such  paragraphs  as  those  on  Mykenaean  or  Attic 
vases.     They  only  claim  not  to  be  misleading. 

The  Plates  at  the  end  of  the  Catalogue  are  as  complete  as  the 


PREFACE.  IX 

circumstances  permitted  :  but  should  be  supplemented  by  those 
of  Dr.  Ohnefalsch-Richter's  Kypj'os,  ike  Bible,  and  Homer  (1893), 
and  Tamassos  tnid  Idalion  (forthcoming),  and  of  the  other 
monographs,  to  which  references  are  given  throughout  the  book 
and  in  Index  V. 

References  have  also  been  given  to  the  Cypriote  Collections 
of  the  principal  European  Museums  :  German  by  0-R  ;  English, 
French,  Austrian,  &c.  by  J.  L.  M.  It  has  unfortunately  not  been 
possible  to  refer  to  the  Museums  either  of  Constantinople  or  of 
America  :  and  the  delay  in  the  publication  of  the  book  is  largely 
due  to  the  desire  to  profit  by  recent  re-numberings  in  the 
Louvre,  the  British  Museum,  and  the  Ashmolean. 

A  series  of  photographs  representative  of  the  whole  Collection 
was  planned,  and  has  been  partly  carried  out  by  O-R.  and 
Mrs.  Ohnefalsch-Richter :  the  negatives  are  now  the  property  of 
the  Hellenic  Society,  22  Albemarle  Street,  London,  W.,  where 
prints  can  be  consulted,  or  made  to  order.  It  is  hoped  that  it 
may  eventually  be  possible  to  complete  the  series,  and  so  to 
render  the  Cyprus  Museum  fully  accessible  to  students  else- 
where. 


CORRIGENDA. 

p.  12, 1.  \o,for  *  13  Aug.,  1896'  read '12,  July,  1896.' 

p.  28,  1.  12,  omit  *xvii.' 

p.  34, 1.  6  top,/?r  *  J.  Pierides' '  read '  G.  D.  Pierides'.' 

p.  42,  No.  51,  read 'same  shape  as  57,  only  without  spout  or  ornament.' 

p.  44,  No.  182,  after  '  Diimmler,  I.e.,'  read'i.  i.' 

p.  45,  No.  2\(j,for  '  Diimmler,  I.e.  iii.  I,'  read  '  i.  7.' 

p.  47,  No.  1033,  for  '  Oenochoae '  read  '  Oenochoe.' 

p.  51,  No.  464,  for  'Heuzey,  pi.  iv.  6,'  read  'iv.  5.' 

No.  466,  far  '  Heuzey,  pi.  ii.  6,'  read  'iv.  6.' 
p.  65,  No.  g4i,  for  'no  handle'  read ' one  handle.' 
p.  76,  No.  1176,/or  'Ashm.  165'  read' 2)^S' 

bottom  Wne,  for  '  165  '  read  '  565.' 
p.  77,  No.  1183,/or  '  Double  handles '  read  '  Single  handles.' 
p.  92,  No.  2053  belongs  more  probably  to  a  class  of  early  Hellenic  vases, 

apparently  Rhodian. 
p.  134,  1.  8  bottom, /tfr  '  KBH.  Ixx.  4 '  read '  KBH.  fig.  35.' 
p.  170,  No.  6119,/tfr '2112'  read '6122.' 
p.  173,  1.  9  bottom, /(?r  '3934'  read  '  ^^24: 


I'oUery  Tjpe  Collection 

Salamis 

Attic  Vases 

Limniti                      Graffiti 

s< 

Amargetti 

o 

H 

o 

0 

•^l 

GRAECO-PHOENICIAN   ROOM 

POLI  ROOM 

S 

^ 

0 

3 

Poli  Terracottas 

Glass 

H 
0 

B 
a" 

0 

^ 

\ 

; 

n 

c 

M 

Bronze 

Terra- 

objects 

cottas 

^ 

^ 

I 

D 

0 

3 

ft 

■§- 

n 

> 

E 

> 

3 

<: 

S 

•a 

•0 

a- 

u 

=r 

0 

a 

0 

P 

3 

Larnaka,  1894                         Khytroi  Soloi 

n 

^ 

re 

H 

^ 

n 

5^  > 

Enkoraj 
Tomb 

BRONZE  AGE 
ROOM 

0 

LIBRARY  AND  COMMITTEE 
ROOM 

^; 

0 

5' 

3 

i 

Alabaster.    Lamps. 
Stamps 

Tomb  Groups 

JEWELLERY    ROOM.         VONI. 
TAMASSOS,    &C. 


IDALION. 


&0y5 


J 


6301 
6302 


ENTRANCE 


9 

§ 

s 

0 

^  J 

^i 

15012 
J5OI3 

5037 
5046 
5054 


-^    -^     Ci 
i-i    O    Ci 


'f 


6168 

1 

,    1 

0 
0 

5509 

6955 

5950      1 

r 

,;ii 

4 

5042 
5014 
5044 
5964 
5966 
5967 
6205-7 


O 

m 

z 

6000 


o 
o 


3 

" 

6303 

5038 

6053 

5954 

5040 

50. 

5143 

.0          504- 

5152 

5065 

CONTENTS 


PAGE 

Chronicle  of  Excavations  since  the  British  Occupation  1-12 

Introduction  :— 13-35 

Early  Man  in  Cyprus 13 

The  Stone  Age 13 

The  Bronze  Age 14 

The  Graeco-Phoenician  Age 21 

The  Hellenistic  Age 26 

Cypriote  Sculpture  and  Modelling 27 

Principal  Types  and  Motives  of  Sculpture  and  Modelling      .  31 

Gem  Engraving 32 

Jewellery 33 

The  Bronze  Age: — 36-58 

Pottery  :  Description  of  Fabrics 36 

1-450.  Pottery,  Catalogue  of 41 

460  ff.  Figurines 51 

470  ff.  Stone  Implements 52 

501  fF.  Bronze  Implements 53 

630  ff.  Porcelain,  &c 55 

651  ff.  Spindlewhorls  (of  all  periods) 55 

Tomb  Groups 57 

The    Graeco-Phoenician   Age  :    General    Catalogue   of 

Pottery: — 59-91 

Description  of  Fabrics 59 

901  ff.  Catalogue  of  Typical  Forms 63 

ISOlff.  Lamps 80 

1501fF.  Imported  Hellenic  Vases 81 

1901ff.  Graffiti 90 

2001  ff.  Wine  Amphorae        .......  91 

The  Hellenistic  Age: — 92-98 

2051  ff.  General  Catalogue  of  Pottery 92 

2201  ff.  Stamps  on  Handles  of  Amphorae     ....  95 

General  Catalogue  of — 

Alabaster,  2401  ff. 99 

Glass,  2501  ff. 100 

Terracottas,  3001  ff. 107 

Bronzes,  3501  ff. 115 

Jewellery,  Gems,  AND  Ornaments,  4000  ff.      .       .       .  121-140 

4000  ff  Earrings 121 

4141ff.  Rings 127 

4250  ff.  Bracelets 130 

4301  ff.  Frontlets 130 

4351  ff.  Necklaces,  &c 131 


Xll 


CONTENTS. 


4501  ff.  Cylinders,  Seals,  and  Gems 
4701  ff.  Porcelain  Ornaments 
4801  fiF.  Household  and  Toilet  Articles 
4871  ff.  Silver  Vessels     . 
4891  ff.  Byzantine  Jewellery  , 

Special  Collections  from  Various  Sites  :— 

I.  Voni,  5001  ff. 
II.  Khytroi,  5201  ff.    . 

III.  Soloi,  5401  ff. 

IV.  Kition,  5501  ff.      . 
V.  Idalion,  5601  ff..  6300  ff. 

VI.  Salamis,  5801  ff.   . 

VII,  Amargetti,  5901  ff. 

VIII.  Amathus,  5951  ff.  . 

IX.  Limniti,  5981  ff.     . 

X.  Vitsada,  5991  ff.     . 

XI.  Tamassos,  eOOOff. 

XII.  Katydata,  Poll,  &c.,  6201  ff. 

Tomb  Groups  :  Graeco-Phoenician  and  Hellenistic 
Marion-Arsinoe  (Watkins  and  Williamson),  i886 
Paphos  (C.E.F),  i888     . 
Salamis  (Cypr.  Mus.),  l88i      . 
Limassol  (Government),  1883 
Amathus  (Brit.  Mus.),  1893-4 
Kition  (C.E.F.),  1894    • 
Kurion  (Brit.  Mus.),  1895 
Salamis  (Brit.  Mus,),  1896 
Maroni  (Brit.  Mus.),  1897 

Table  of  Abbreviations 


Indices 


I.  Names,  Places,  Objects,  and  Styles 
II.  Diagrams  inserted  in  the  Text 

III.  Tomb  Groups  from  the  Larger  Excavations 

IV.  References  to  Cypriote  Antiquities  in  Other  Museums 
V.  References  to  the  Principal   Publications  of  Cypriote 

Antiquities  .         .        •         •         • 

VI.  Mutilated  Names  occurring  in  Inscriptions 
VII.  Old  Numbers  found  affixed  to  Objects  in  the  Cyprus 
Museum  in  1894 ;  together  with  the  Numbers  under 
which  the  same  Objects  stand  in  this  Catalogue 


.  134 
137 
138 

139 
140 

141-172 

141 
149 
152 

153 
157 
161 
162 
164 
165 
166 

167 
171 

173-186 

173 
174 
175 
175 
175 
178 
180 

183 

187 

188 

189-224 
189 

2IO 
211 
216 

220 
223 


:24 


Plates. 

N.B. 


The  Reference  Numbers  are  those  under  which  the 
Objects  stand  in  this  Catalogue. 


CHRONICLE  OF  EXCAVATIONS 

UNDERTAKEN    IN    CYPRUS    SINCE    THE    BRITISH    OCCUPATION. 


The  ancient  names  are  given  in  capitals,  where  they  are  known  :  in  other  cases 
the  site  is  described  under  the  name  of  the  nearest  modem  village. 


Akhna  (between  Larnaka  and  Famagusta). 

A  sanctuary  attributed  to  Artemis  was  excavated  by  0-R.  for  Sir  Charles 
Newton  in  1882.  Over  a  thousand  figures  were  found,  in  stone  and  terra- 
cotta; ranging  from  colossal  statues  3'6  m.  high,  to  very  small  statuettes. 
With  the  exception  of  one  fragment  of  a  priest  of  Apollo,  all  were  female. 
The  style  varies  considerably,  but  even  the  most  purely  Greek  examples 
do  not  seem  to  be  later  than  the  third  century  b.  c.  Many  terracotta  and 
even  stone  figures  were  fully  coloured  (v.  KBH.  Ixviii.  4-15,  chromo- 
photogravure).  The  best  of  these  figures  are  in  the  British  Museum. 
Cypr.  Mus.  3001,  3015-7,3127,  3073>  3085-7,  3091-5,  3101-3,3113-9 
(presented  by  Mr.  C.  D.  Cobham,  1894)  are  from  this  site  (No.  i,  KBH. 
p.  i). 

Five  other  sanctuaries  discovered  at  the  same  time  yielded  similar 
votive  statuettes :  the  archaic  figure  (KBH.  ccxii.  6-7)  is  from  one  of 
these  (No.  10  in  the  list  of  sanctuaries,  KBH.  p.  10). 

A  Graeco-Phoenician  necropolis  was  also  explored  close  to  Akhna,  on 
the  south  side. 

['  Graphic,'  July  19, 1884  ;  Brit.  Mus.  MS.  Rep.;  Cypr.  Mus.  MS. 
Rep.  i;  S.  Reinach,  Chroniques  d'Orient  (republished,  1891), 
p.  187  ;  KBH.  iv,  xi,  xii,  xvii.  6,  xxxviii.  15,  Ixviii.  4-15,  Ixxvi.  1-2, 
cxxxv.  5,  ccvi.  6,  ccix-ccxii,  ccxiv.  6,  7.] 

The  sanctuary  at  Pharangas,  worked  by  Gen.  L.  P.  di  Cesnola,  lies  some 
miles  north-east  of  Akhna  (No.  14,  KBH.  p.  12). 

Agia  Paraskevi  (one  mile  south-west  of  Nicosia). 

The  very  large  Bronze  Age  necropolis  has  been  repeatedly  explored. 
0-R.  in  1884-5  opened  eleven  tombs  for  the  Cyprus  Museum,  and 
eighty-one  for  various  residents :  J.  L.  M.  opened  fourteen  for  the  Cyprus 
Exploration  Fund  in  1894.  The  Bronze  Age  collection  (Cypr.  Mus. 
1-899)  is  mostly  from  this  site. 

[MS.  Rep.  2  ;  Chroniques,  pp.  189  flf.;  F.  Dummler  (who  watched 
the  excavations  of  1885),  Mitth.  Ath.  vi  (1886);  Zeitschr.  f. 
Keilinschr.  ii.  (1885)  191-3  (Bezold,  Babylonian  Cylinder,  Cypr. 
Mus.  4501);  J.  H.  S.  xvii.  pp.  134-8  (J.  L.  M.);  KBH.  clxvii- 
clxxiii ;  and  Geogr.  Index,  s.v. ;  '  Tamassos  und  Idalion' 
(forthcoming:  s.v.  '  Ochsenkrater  Grabe').] 

B 

if 


2  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

Ag.  Iannis  it's  MaUiintas  (Nicosia  District). 

Early  Hellenistic  necropolis^discovered  and  ravaged  by  peasants  in  1883. 
0-R.  excavated  three  more  tombs  for  Cyprus  Museum  in  1883.  Some  of 
the  earliest  graves  contained  Graeco- Phoenician  pottery  with  concentric 
circles,  &c.  Much  jewellery,  especially  gold  frontlets  (cf.  C.  M.  4319- 
21;  KBH.  cxliv.  11)  and  animal-head  earrings  (cf.  C.  M.  4015-33; 
KBH.  clxxxii.  8,  9,  ccxvii.  13-17).  Unfortunately  the  specimens  from 
INIallunta  in  the  Cyprus  Museum  have  lost  their  original  labels,  and  cannot 
be  distinguished  from  similar  ones  from  Soli,  &c. 

The  most  remarkable  of  the  rock  tombs  have  been  made  permanently 
accessible. 

[Chroniques,  p.  189.] 

Ag.  Sozomcnos  (four  miles  north-east  of  Dali)  and  Nikolides  (four  miles 

north  of  Dali). 

Late  Bronze  Age  necropolis  with  native  and  Mykenaean  vases,  half  a 
mile  north  of  Sozomenos  village  ;  v.  Tomb  Group,  p.  58. 

Another  late  Bronze  Age  setdement  and  necropolis,  with  all  types  of 
native  pottery  and  Mykenaean  vases  at  Nikolides;  v.  Tomb  Groups,  p. 58. 
Cf.  Tomb  Group  from  Laksha  hi  Riu,  p.  58.  Nikolides  may  be  the 
Ag.  Alkolaos  of  Ceccaldi.     '  Mon.  Ant.  de  Chypre/  p.  269  ff. 

Both  sites  were  excavated  in  1894  by  0-R.  for  the  Prussian  Secretary 
of  State  for  Public  Instruction  (Berlin  Museum). 
[v.  forthcoming  '  Tamassos  und  Idalion.'] 

Aldmhra  (two  miles  south-west  of  Dali). 

Two  Bronze  Age  necropoleis.  That  called  Mavra  Gb  ('black  soil'), 
on  the  border  of  the  dark-soiled  plutonic  rock-area,  contains  only  red 
polished  vessels  without  paint:  at  Aspra  Gb  ('white  soil'),  on  the  lime- 
stone slopes  nearer  the  village,  painted  vases  occur  with  the  red  polished 
ware.     The  Bronze  Age  settlement  lies  on  the  ridge  of  the  hill. 

0-R.  opened  about  a  dozen  tombs  in  the  two  necropoleis  for  Sir  Charles 
Newton  in  1883  (results  in  British  Museum)  ;  and  one  in  each  with 
Dr.  Diimmler  in  1885  (contents  in  Cyi)rus  Aluseum ;  formerly  distinct, 
since  mixed,  beyond  recovery,  with  the  other  collections). 

[Dummler,  Mitth.  Ath.  vi.  (1886);  Chroniques,  p.  198;  Brit.  Mus. 
MS.  Rep.;  Much.  Kupferzeit'^.  p.  137  ff.] 

Aviarge'tii  (Papho  District). 

West  of  the  village  is  a  small  sanctuary,  with  coarse  stone  statuettes 
and  terracottas :  men,  doves,  grapes,  cones,  and  phalli :  style  rude  and 
debased :  late  Greek  dedications  ^Oiraovi  Mt'Kavdlu) ;  in  one  case  'AttoXww 
M(\av0La>.  Excavated  1888  by  Mr.  D.  G.  Hogarth  for  Cypr.  Expl.  Fund. 
C.  M.  5901-27. 

[J.  H.  S.  ix.  (1888),  pp.  171-174  ;  Inscriptions,  pp.  260-263.     Cf. 

p.  116,  two  inscriptions  said  by  L.  P.di  Cesnola  to  be  from  this  site.] 

AINIATHUS  {Pa/aid  Limessb,  six  miles  east  of  Limassol). 

The  site  of  the  city  is  clearly  marked,  and  remains  of  town-wall, 
house-foundations,  and  harbour-works  are  traceable.  On  the  acropolis 
are  the  fragments  of  a  stone  bowl,  the  fellow  to  which  is  in  the  Louvre 
(KBH.  cxxxiv.  3,  5.)      The   necropolis    is   extensive,   but   some   parts 


CHRONICLE    OF    EXCAVATIONS.  3 

have  been  ransacked.  L.  P.  di  Cesnola  dug  inland  of  the  town  :  so  far  as 
his  statements  can  be  checked,  they  are  inaccurate  and  misleading.  0-R. 
opened  four  undisturbed  Graeco-Phoenician  tombs  in  1885,  and  found 
an  early  altar  with  votive  terracottas  in  the  necropolis,  and  a  small 
sanctuary  with  statuettes  and  terracottas  a  little  N.E.  of  the  town,  not  yet 
excavated.  Hence  the  terracotta  model  of  a  shrine,  now  in  Philadelphia 
Museum;  KBH.  cxcix.  1-2,  and  a  terracotta  figure  like  KBH.  ccvi.  5 
(Kurion).  More  than  300  tombs  were  opened  by  contract  for  the  British 
Museum  (Turner  Bequest)  in  1893-4.  Mr.  A.  H.  Smith  was  present, 
for  the  Museum,  during  a  part  of  the  work;  J.  L.  M.  independently,  for 
the  British  School  of  Archaeology  in  Athens,  during  the  remainder. 
Hence  all  the  specimens  assigned  to  Amathus  in  the  Cyprus  Museum. 

[Cypr.  Mus.  MS.  Rep.  4.  pp.  15-21  (0-R.) ;  KBH.  p.  466,  clxxv. 

1-2  (plans  of  tombs),  cxcix.  1-2;  Brit.  Mus.  Rep.  (forthcoming). 

Cf.  'Times,' Dec.  29,  1894,  and  Tomb  Groups,  below,  pp.  175-7.] 

Arsinoe  (v.  Marion).  Epishopiiy.  Kurion). 

Dali  (v.  Idalion).  Frdiigissa  (v.  Tamassos). 

Enko77n  (v.  Salamis).  Goshi  (v.  Kosci). 

Gastria  (on  the  coast  near  Trikomo.    Famagusta  District). 

Early  Graeco-Phoenician  necropolis,  excavated  by  Mr.  G.  Hake  for  the 
South  Kensington  Museum  in  1882. 

[Chroniques,  199;  S.  Kens.  MS.  Report  gives  no  inventory  of 
Tomb  Groups:  no  published  account:  cf  S.  Kens.  Mus.  2031/83.] 

IDALION  {Ball). 

About  half  a  mile  south  of  Dali  village  the  path  to  the  Paradfsi  valley 
passes  between  conspicuous  limestone  hills,  between  and  on  the  north 
slopes  of  which  lay  Idalion.  That  on  the  east^  is  crowned  by  the  principal 
sanctuary  of  Aphrodite  (No.  29,  KBH.  p.  16):  the  city  wall  can  be 
traced  up  the  spur  nearest  to  the  path :  the  sanctuary  of  Apollo,  exca- 
vated by  Mr.  Lang,  is  close  to  the  path  in  the  valley  between  the  two 
acropoleis  (No.  30,  KBH.  p.  16).  The  sharply  pointed  hill  on  the  west, 
called  Ambelliri,  was  within  the  city  wall,  which  appears  again  norih-west 
of  it  (KBH.  iii.  5),  and  has  a  sanctuary  of  Athene  (No.  28,  KBH.  p.  16)  and 
other  signs  of  occupation  :  here  were  found  the  silver  paterae  now  in  the 
Louvre,  and  the  inscribed  bronze  tablet  of  the  Due  de  Luynes.  Further 
west,  outside  the  town,  on  the  north  slope  of  the  same  high  ground,  is 
a  sanctuary  of  Aphrodite  Kourotrophos,  found  ransacked  in  1883,  with 
many  stone  statuettes  on  the  surface ;  nursing-mothers,  temple-boys, 
flower-holders,  &c.  (No.  33,  KBH.  p.  17). 

The  necropolis  lies  in  the  low  ground  towards  the  modern  village 
(KBH.  iii.  10);  it  contains  all  periods,  from  late  (Mykenaean)  Bronze  Age 
downwards  :  there  are  also  tombs  south  of  the  site,  in  the  Paradfsi 
valley.  Excavated  in  1883  by  0-R.  for  Sir  Charles  Newton  (British 
Museum):  1885  for  Dr.  Diimmler  (Cyprus  Museum;  since  dispersed): 
1894-5  for  Prussian  Secretary  of  State  for  Public  Instruction  (Berlin 
Museum).  Late  Bronze  Age  necropolis  also  (KBH.  ii.  29)  at  Nikolides,  q.v. 

Another  sanctuary  of  Aphrodite,  close  to  the  west  end  of  Dali  village, 
was  excavated  in  1885  by  0-R.  for  Mr.  C.  Watkins.     The  ground-plan, 

1  Called  Muti  tu  Arvili  (Gavrili,  '  Gabriel ').  Cesnola  wrongly  calls  both  hills 
Ambelliri.     [O-R.] 

B  2 


4  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

and  many  votive  statues  and  statuettes  were  found ;  mostly  of  early  date 
(Berlin  Museum,  and  Cypr.  ]\Ius.  5601  ff.,  q.  v.).  Plan  and  finds  present 
close  analogies  with  those  of  the  sanctuary  under  the  eastern  acropolis, 
excavated  by  Mr.  Lang  (KBH.  x.  a,  pp.  345-6).  This  is  No.  3,  KBH.  p.  5. 
The  principal  sanctuary  of  Aphrodite,  on  the  eastern  acropolis,  was  iden- 
tified in  1887,  and  excavated  in  1888  and  1894  by  0-R.  for  the  German 
Government.  The  shrine  was  found  to  have  been  fortified,  probably 
early  in  the  Ptolemaic  Age ;  and  most  of  the  carved  work  and  statuary 
of  earlier  date  was  found  built  into  the  fortress  wall  (Cypr.  Mus.  6301-15). 
The  Phoenician  inscription  (Cypr.  Mus.  6300)  was  found  in  1887  in  the 
wall  of  the  church  of  St.  George,  nearly  on  the  north-east  city  wall ;  and 
presented  by  the  High  Commissioner. 

[H.  Lang,  Trans.  Roy.  Soc.  Literature,  second  sen  xi.  pp.  30-79 
(ground -plan,  six  plates,  and  illustrations);  Colonna  Ceccaldi, 
'  Mon.  Ant,  de  Chypre,'  &c.  (1882),  pp.  29-31  (ground-plan  and 
summary  of  discoveries) ;  KBH.  ii-iii  (plans),  vii  (Mr.  Watkins' 
excavation),  xiii,  xvi,  xvii.  4;  xlviii.  3,  4;  xlix-lvii  (finds):  of. 
Geogr.  Index,  s.  v.;  Excav.  1894,  'Times,'  Nov.  7,  'Daily  Graphic,' 
Dec.  28;  forthcoming  *  Tamassos  und  Idalion.'] 

Kalopsida  (Famagusta  District). 

Bronze  Age  setdement,  with  pot-factory  and  necropolis  of  two  periods, 
along  the  high  road  between  Kalopsfda  and  Kuklia  :  notable  for  the 
local  types  of  red-ware,  and  peculiar  varieties  of  painted  and  other 
pottery.  Excavated  in  1894  by  J.  L.  M.  for  Cypr.  Expl.  Fund.  Ashmolean 
Museum,  Oxford,  and  Cyprus  Museum  (v.  below,  C.  ]\L  1-899,  Tomb 
Groups,  p.  57). 

[Full  report  in  J.  H.  S.  xvii.  pp.  138-147.] 

Katydata  and  Linu :  Valley  of  Soliais  (SoLoi). 

Bronze  Age  necropolis  east  of  the  villages  of  Kat/data  and  Linu,  with 
very  late  transiuonal  tombs  towards  Graeco-Phoenician  :  used  again 
in  Hellenistic  and  Roman  times,  '  Samian '  wares  being  particularly 
common.  Excavated  by  0-R.  in  1883  for  Cyprus  INIuseum,  and  1885 
on  his  own  account  (Berlin  Museum).        '  --- —- - 

[KBH.  clxxii.  16-18  (three  Tomb  Groups);  'Owl,'  Nos.  9,  10, 
(skulls).] 

Extensive  wholly  Hellenistic  necropolis,  between  Katydata,  Linu,  and 
the  monastery  of  Panagia  Skourgiotissa  ;  containing  tombs  of  two  classes  : 
(a)  Hellenistic  (Ptolemaic)  tombs  with  late  pottery  but  no  glass ;  (3)  tombs 
containing  much  glass,  which  go  on  into  late  Roman  times.  Another 
necropolis,  entirely  of  glass-tombs,  lies  south  of  Linu.  Hence  a  re- 
markable glass  tumbler'  modelled  with  four  sprays  of  leaves  and  fruit, 
in  Sir  Robert  Bidduiph's  collection,  deposited  in  South  Kensington 
Museum(cf.  0-R. 's  water-colour  in  Cyprus  INIuseum,  and  Cambridge,  Fitzw, 
Mus.  No.  9  9  (^9(?/w'),  apparently  from  the  same  mould).  The  glass  from  these 
sites  is  of  quite  unusual  beauty  and  variety  ;  especially  needle-like  toilet 
pencils  and  finger  rings,  of  variegated  glass,  e.g.  Cypr,  Mus.  2770,  2800, 
2808,  2810,  2843,  2896-2901,  and  KBH.  Ixv, 

The  Panagia  Skourgiotissa,  '  Madonna  of  the  Slag-heaps,'  derives  her 
epithet  from  the  refuse  heaps  (crKoupytnU,  scoriae)  of  copper-mines  still 
visible  in  the  neighbourhood,  although  deserted  since  Roman  times. 

A  sanctuary  of  a  female  deity,  perhaps  Aphrodite,  was  excavated  in 


CHRONICLE    OF    EXCAVATIONS.  5 

1883  by  0-R.  for  Cyprus  Museum  (No.  53,  KBH.  p.  20).  The  most 
characteristic  offerings  were '  ring-dances '  and  flute-players.  N.  B,  An  early 
silver  plate  with  floral  ornament,  and  a  fragmentary  bronze  plaque 
embossed  with  a  Gigantomachia  (?),  were  also  found :  the  latter  is  in  the 
Cyprus  Museum  (No.  3870) :  cf.  C.  M.  5401  ff. 

The  site  of  Soloi,  four  miles  down  the  valley  of  Soliais,  is  clearly  defined, 
but  has  not  been  explored.    0-R.  opened  tombs  in  the  necropolis  in  1883. 
[Chroniques,  p.  186.] 

KERYNIA  {Ker:fnia). 

Hellenistic  necropoHs  round  modern  town  ;  much  plundered  ;  a  few 
confiscated  vases,  &c.  are  shown  in  the  castle  of  Ker/nia.  Excavations 
by  Capt.  Stevenson  in  1883. 

A  find  of  Byzantine  jewellery  was  made  in  1883  close  to  the  high 
road  to  Nicosia,  about  a  mile  from  Ker^^nia.  Further  excavations  by 
0-R.  on  the  spot  were  fruitless. 

[Cypr,  Mus.,  Nos.  4891-7,  published  by  J.  L.  M.,  '  Reliquary  and 
Illustrated  Archaeologist,'  March,  1898.] 

KHYTROI  {Kyihrea,  Nicosia  District). 

Late  Bronze  Age  necropolis  at  Kephalovrj^si  springs,  with  Mykenaean 
vases  and  cylinders. 

[KBH.  p.  61,  figs,  eg,  70.] 
The  ancient  site  of  Khytroi  is  at  Ag.  Demetrianos,  half  a  mile  west  by 
south-west  of  Kythr^a,  half  a  mile  north  of  Voni ;  prominent  acropolis, 
and  extensive  lower  town. 

Sanctuary  of  Aphrodite  Paphia  (No.  23,  KBH.  p.  13),  on  the  hill 
west  of  the  site,  identified  by  two  Cypriote  inscriptions  (Cypr.  ]\Ius. 
5390-1);  numerous  votive  offerings  (C.  M.  5201  ff.,  q.  v.). 

Sanctuary,  similar,  but  without  inscriptions,  lying  at  the  south-east  corner 
of  the  town  (No.  24,  KBH.  p.  14). 

Sanctuary  of  Apollo  near  Vom,  i|  m.  south  of  the  site,  with  many 
statues  and  statuettes  (No.  2,  KBH.  p.  2  ;  C.  M.  5001  ff.,  q.  v.). 

East  of  Voni  are  late  Roman  and  Byzantine  tombs :  no  Graeco- 
Phoenician  pottery.     N.B.  a  Christian  bronze  cross  (C.  M.  4435). 

The  three  sanctuaries  and  the  tombs  were  excavated  in  1883  by  0-R. 
for  the  Cyprus  Museum. 

[Cypr.  Mus.  MS.  Rep.;  Chroniques,  p.  186;  Mitth.  Ath.  ix.  127  fiF., 
139  ff.,  PI.  iv,  v;  KBH.  xl,  xH,  ccxv.  Inscriptions:  D.  Pierides, 
'The  Cyprus  Museum,'  1883;  R.  Meister,  Die  Gr.  Dialekte,  ii. 
pp.  168-9,  ^^o.  14  a-14  c.  Cf  Collitz.  (Deecke)  Gr.  Dialekt  Inschr. 
(Kypr.)  No.  2-10  {Khytroi). 

KITION  {Larnahd). 

In  1879  the  Government  filled  up  the  marshy  hollow  of  the  ancient 
harbour  with  the  soil  of  the  neighbouring  acropolis  (Bambiila):  a  small 
sanctuary,  with  terracotta  and  stone  figures  and  two  Phoenician  inscrip- 
tions, was  found  in  the  hill,  together  with  a  number  of  foundations. 

[KBH.  cci,  cf.  p.  479  (plan  drawn  up  by  0-R.  for  the  Govern- 
ment), cxcvii  (early  Ionic  capital,   Cypr.  Mus.  5599);  Ausland, 
1879,  p.  970  ff. ;  Corpus  Inscr.  Semit.  i.  86,  A  and  B.] 
A  marble  Artemis   (Hellenistic   study  of  a  Praxitelean  original)  was 
found  in  1880  in  the  Saparilla  garden  in  New  Larnaka  (Scala) :  now  in 


6  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

Vienna  Hof-IMuseum.     It  appears  to  have  stood  in  a  hall  or  court  with 
frescoes,  fragments  of  which  were  afterwards  found  by  0-R. 
[Arch.  Zeit.  1880.  p.  184,  PI.  xvii ;  KI3H.  cciii.  5.] 
The  megalithic  chamber  known  as  the  Phanerom^ni  (Chapel  of  the 
Annunciation)  was  completely  cleared  in  1881  for  JNIr.  C.  D.  Cobham, 
Commissioner  of  Larnaka. 

[0-R.  Arch.  Zeit.   1881,  p.  311,  PI.  xviii;    KBH.  cxxv.  3,  4; 
Parrot,  iii.  fig.  209-10.] 
A  sanctuary  of  Artemis  Paralia,  with  late  inscriptions  and  many  terra- 
cottas, near  the  east  shore  of  the  Salt  Lake,  about  a  mile  from  Larnaka, 
was  found  ransacked  when  excavated  in  1881  (No.  7,  KBH.). 

The  sanctuary  on  the  hill  called  Batsalos,  by  the  causeway  over  the  Salt 

Lake,  was  ransacked  by  L.  P.  di  Cesn.:  the  ground-plan  and  a  few  fragments 

were  recovered  by  J.  L.  ]\L  for  the  Cypr.  Expl.  Fund  in  1894.    A  fragment 

of  an  inscribed  marble  bowl,  from  hence,  is  in  the  Ashmolean  ]\Ius.,  Oxford. 

[  Colonna  Ceccaldi,  'Mon.  Ant.  de  Chypre,'  ch.  i ;  Cesnola,  Cyprus, 

PI.  ix.  flf.;  'Athenaeum,'  June  9,  1894  ;  J.  H.  S.  xvii :  Inscr.  publ.  by 

Rev.G.A.  Cooke, 'Academy,'  1237  (Jan.  18, 1896);  No.  8,  KBH.] 

The  necropolis  of  Kition  represenls_a]ll  periods  from  the  earliest  Graeco- 

Phoenician  (sub-Mykenaean)  onwards.     Excavations  in  1 879-1 882,  by 

0-R.  for  Sir  Charles  Newton  (Brit.  Mus.),  and  1894,  near  the  Turabi 

T6k6,  by  J.  L.  M.  for  the  Cypr.  Expl.  Fund  (Ashm.  INIus.  and  Cypr.  Mus., 

Tomb  Groups,  pp.  177-9:  a  marble  stele,  with  Phoen.  inscription,  =  Brit. 

Mus.  No.  31).    A  fine  two-chambered  tomb  of  masonry  was  discovered  in 

Old  Larnaka  in  1894,  and  will  be  published  in  'Tamassos  und  Idalion.' 

[Chroniques,  173,  269  ;  J.  H.  S.  xvii.  pp.  152-164  (J.  L.  I\L);  the 

inscriptions,  'Academy,'  1237,  1238  (Jan.  18  and  25,  1896).] 

A  sanctuary,  with  very  numerous  painted  terracottas,  was  excavated  in 

1894  by  J.  L.  M.  for  Cypr.  Expl.  Fund  in  the  field  called  Kamelarga  (Kafxri- 

Xapyia,  '  the  camel-stable '),  south- west  of  Old  Larnaka,  on  the  line  of  the 

ancient  wall  of  Kition.     Cypr.  Mus.  5501  ff.,  Ashm.  Mus.,  &c.     [J.  H.  S. 

xvii.  p.  164  ff.] 

Ilosci  (or  Goshi,  Larnaka  District). 
A  sanctuary  of  Apollo,  and  an  early  Graeco-Phoenician  necropolis, 
were  excavated  by  0-R.  for  Sir  C.  Newton  in  i88i. 
[Chroniques,  p.  175.] 

Ktima  (Papho  District). 
A  Byzantine  tomb  with  frescoes  over  the  door,  and  a  Roman  grave, 
were  discovered  east  of  the  town,  and  destroyed,  in   1884   by  convict 
labourers.    There  are  Hellenistic  tombs  in  the  same  necropolis.     Traces 
of  an  aqueduct  here  and  at  Yeroskfpos  (\(pos  Krjnos). 

[Cypr.  Mus.  ]\IS.Rep.iv.p.  28-9:  two  tombs  opened  by  0-R.  1885.] 

Kuklia  (v.  Paphos). 

Kutrdpha  and  Nikitdri  (Larnaka  District). 

An  early  Graeco-Phoenician  necropolis  (fibula-period),  with  bronze 
vessels.     Excavated  in  1885  by  0-R.  for  Mr.  C.  Watkins. 

KURION  {Eptskopt,  Limassol  District). 

The  acropolis  is  conspicuous,  but  the  surface  remains  are  few  and  late. 
The  Mykenaean  necropolis  was  not  discovered  till  1895,  but  the  Graeco- 
Phoenician  and  Hellenistic  have  been  repeatedly  explored  : — 

1882.  By  Mr.  G.  Hake,  for  the  S.  Kens.  Mus.   Some  Gr.-Phoen.  tombs: 


CHRONICLE    OF    EXCAVATIONS.  7 

embossed  gold  plate :  v.  p.  34.  Hellenistic  and  Roman  tombs  with  figurine- 
vases  and  much  glass. 

1883.  By  Messrs.  Williamson  &  Co.,  and  by  Major  Chard,  with  0-R. 
as  Government  Inspector.  Hellenistic  tombs  without  glass,  and  later 
ones  with  glass.     Cypr.  Mus.  2843,  3121,  3135,  3173. 

1883-84.  By  0-R.  for  Col.  Warren,  S.  Brown,  and  others:  deter- 
mining the  Graeco-Phoenician  necropolis.  Rich  Hellenic  tombs  were 
found  in  the  level  ground  east  of  the  acropolis,  near  church  of  Ag. 
Hermogenis.  Hence  a  silver  krater  (C.  M.  4884)  and  a  silver  ring  with 
carnelian  scaraboid  (Athene  with  akrostolion:  S.  Brown's  collection), 
now  in  the  British  Museum.     Also  Cypr.  Mus.  3145  (early  terracotta). 

1885.  By  Dr.  Diimmler  and  0-R.  The  spot  where  L.  P.  di  Cesnola 
said  that  he  found  the  '  Curium  Treasure '  was  examined  before  numerous 
witnesses :  undisturbed  earth  was  found  at  a  small  depth,  and  the  results 
justify  an  absolute  denial  of  Cesnola's  story.  He  is,  however,  known  to 
have  excavated  numerous  rich  tombs  on  the  site. 

1886.  By  Vicomte  E.  de  Castillon  de  St.  Victor,  for  the  French 
Government,  on  the  same  site  as  1883.  Results  in  the  Louvre:  a  fine 
series  of  jewellery  (C.  M.  4251-3)  and  some  glass  (e.g.  C.  M.  2536)  were 
allotted  to  Cyprus  Museum. 

1895.  By  Mr.  H.  B.  Walters  for  the  British  Museum  (Turner  Bequest). 
A  rich  Mykenaean  necropolis  was  found,  with  native  pottery  of  Bronze 
Age  types,  and  a  few  later  gems ;  much  plundered.  Also  a  temple  site 
with  Cypriote  and  Hellenic  terracottas,  and  Cypriote  bilingual  inscription 
^^rjfirjTpi  Kal  Kopr],     C.  M.  Tomb  Groups,  p.  180. 

[1882.  South  Kens.  MS.  Report:  gives  no  details  of  tomb-sroups. 

1883.  Cypr.  Mus.  MS.  Reports  from  J.W.W.&Co.,  and  from  0-R. 

1883-84.  KBH.  cxcix.  3  (breastplate,  in  Berl.  Mus.);   Arch.  Zeit. 

1884,  p.  166  (Conze,  Athene  gem):  cf.  Murray,  Handbook  of  Greek 

Archaeology,  p.  152,  No.  14  ;  0-R.  four  papers  in "Eo-Trepos',  Leipzig, 

1884;  Cypr.  Mus.  MS.  Report  and  Correspondence,  June-July,  1 884. 

1885.  Chroniques,  p.  267:  for  Cesnola-literature,  v.  CD.  Cobham, 
Bibliography  of  Cyprus,  App.  to  third  ed.  1894. 

1886.  Archives  des  Missions  Scientifiques,  xvii.  1891. 

1895.   'Times,'  Jan.  6,    1896;  'Academy,'  1236  (Jan.  11,  1896); 
Report  in  preparation,  cf.  below,  p.  180.] 

Laksha  (Nicosia  District). 

A   Bronze  Age  necropolis.     0-R.  in  1885  opened  two  graves  for 
Dr.  Diimmler ;  contents  in  Cyprus  Museum,  now  dispersed. 
[Diimmler,  Mith.  Ath.  xi.  (1886),  p.  213.] 

Laksha  hi  Riii  (one  mile  north-east  of  Larnaka). 
A  rich  Bronze  Age  necropolis,  the  full  extent  of  which  is  not  yet 
determined,  was  discovered  in  1894  about  ij  m.  from  Larnaka,  towards 
Kalokhorio,  and  explored  by  J.  L.  M.  for  the  Cypr.  Expl.  Fund. 
Mykenaean  vases  were  found  in  company  with  a  variety  of  highly 
developed  native  types.     Frequent  surreptitious  diggings,  1895. 

['  Athenaeum,'  3476,  June  9,  1894 ;  J.  H.  S.  xvii.  pp.  147-152.] 

Lumber tx  (v.  Tamassos). 

LAPATHOS  {Ldpithos,  Ker^nia  District). 
The   ancient  site   is  between  the  modern  village  and  the  sea,  with 
Hellenistic  and  Roman  remains.      The  Bronze  Age  necropolis  is  near 


8  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

ihe  village  ;  Gracco-Phoenician  tombs  in  the  village  itself ;  extensive 
Hellenistic  and  Roman  necropolis  towards  Acheropitu  monastery  by  the 
sea.  An  important  early  Graeco-Phoenician  tomb,  with  late  IMykenaean 
vases,  was  found  by  peasants  and  seen  by  0-R.  in  1883  (=Cypr.  INIus. 
387,  434,  435,  442=iKBri.  clvii.  2,  c  d  e  f) :  the  great  vase,  KBH. 
clvii,  2,  a,  of  the  same  tomb  is  in  Berlin  INIuseum  :  the  fragment,  Cypr. 
Mus.  446,  was  found  on  the  surface  near.  Other  early  vases,  confiscated, 
are  shown  in  the  castle  of  Kerfnia. 

[Dummler,  IMitlh.  Ath.'xi  (1886),  p.  289.] 

Leonddri  Vunb  (Nicosia  District). 
A  flat-topped  hill  of  oval  shape,  with  steep  escarpments  on  all  sides, 
about  half  a  mile  long,  and  four  miles  south  of  Nicosia,  to  the  west  of 
the  Larnaka  road.  The  top  of  the  hill  narrows  about  one-third  from  the 
north  end,  and  at  this  point  there  are  traces  of  an  ancient  roadway  on 
the  west  side.  On  it,  in  the  north  half,  are  the  remains  of  massive 
masonry  of  disputed  age;  a  tumulus  containing  Bronze  Age  objects; 
traces  of  an  early  settlement  with  cisterns,  foundations,  and  primitive 
millstones  ;  spindlewhorls  and  rough  pottery  ;  and,  in  the  south  half, 
a  number  of  half-natural  burial  caves,  containing  pottery,  bronze,  silver 
spirals,  &c.  of  Bronze  Age  types.  Excavations  by  Mr.  M.  R.  James  for 
the  Cypr.  Expl.  Fund  in  1888  (Cambridge,  Fitzwiliiam  Museum). 

Oberhummer  and  0-R.  identify  this  setdement  with  Li-di-ir  (Lidir- 
Ledroi)  of  Assyrian  tribute  lists,  and  assume  a  close  connexion  between 
it  and  the  necropolis  of  Ag.  Paraskevf. 

[J.  H.  S.  ix.  (1888),  pp.  6-12;  Journ.  Cypr.  Studies,  i.  (Nicosia, 
1888) ;  Schrader,  Abh.  d.  Berl.  Akad.  1879,  p.  31  ff.;  Oberhummer, 
Aus  Cypern,  i.  32  (214);  KBH.  clxiv-vi.  p.  460]. 

Li:\IESSOS  {Limassol). 

Tombs  were  opened  in  1883  near  the  Commissioner's  house.  Objects 
of  all  periods  were  found,  from  Egyptizing  scarabs  and  a  Proto-Corinthian 
aryballos  (C.  M.  1501  ;  KBH.  clii.  18)  to  Roman  coins,  lamps,  and  glass. 
No  proper  record  was  kept.  Cf.  p.  175.  Tombs  are  still  constantly 
opened  surreptitiously  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Limassol,  Polemfdhia,  &c. 
[Chroniques,  p.  199,  'Des  fouilles  tout  a  fait  tumultuaires  .  .  .'] 

Limniti  (Papho  District). 
A  small  sanctuary  attributed  to  'Apollo  Amyklaios,'  in  a  plot  of  ground 
called  JNIersineri,  west  of  the  mouth  of  the  Limnfti  river,  and  about  two 
hours  from  Levka,  was  explored  in  1889  by  Mr.  H.  Arnold  Tubbs 
for  the  Cypr.  Expl.  Fund.  The  little  temenos  lies  close  under  the  side 
of  the  valley,  and  immediately  above  a  natural  spring.  Many  votive 
terracottas  were  found,  mostly  of  native  work,  with  a  few  specimens  of 
fourth-century  Greek  figurines  and  pottery,  and  three  small  bronze 
statuettes.  The  site  had  been  previously  plundered  by  natives,  some  of 
whose  spoils  are  now  in  Berl.  I\Ius.,  some  in  Fitzw.  Mus.,  Cambridge, 
presented  by  Dr.  F.  H.  H.  Guillemard ;   others,  in  O-R.'s  possession. 

[J.H.  S.  xi.  (1890),  pp.  88-91;  KBH.  xliv-vii;  Chroniques, 
pp.  421,  705;  Oberhummer,  Aus  Cypern,  pp.  220-38.J 

Liihargiais  (near  Pe'ra,  Nicosia  District). 
Bronze  Age  necropolis  with  domed  graves.     0-R.  1889. 
[Forthcoming  '  Tamassos  und  Idalion.'] 


CHRONICLE    OF    EXCAVATIONS.  9 

Lithrodonta  (Larnaka  District). 
Ancient  copper-mines  near  the  village.  Two  miles  south-west,  near 
ruined  church  of  Ag.  Georgios,  are  remains  of  varied  dates.  By  the 
spring  in  the  valley  here,  peasants  discovered,  and  0-R.  excavated  in 
1885,  a  very  primitive  temenos ;  simply  a  layer  of  ashes  containing  late 
Ptolemaic  and  early  imperial  coins  and  lamps;  often  small  separate 
deposits  of  a  lamp  and  two  or  three  coins  together, 

[No.  42,  KBH.  p.  19  ;  Cypr.  Mus.  MS.  Rep.  4.  pp.  6-7.] 

Mdri ;  Turkish  TatUssugu  (Larnaka  District). 

Graeco-Phoenician  necropolis,  but  no  large  site :  the  visible  ruins  are 
not  ancient.  Marion  was  probably  at  Poll,  not  at  Mari.  Excavations 
by  0-R.  for  Sir  Charles  Newton  in  1881  :  finds  sent  to  British  Museum ; 
especially  two  Cypriote  oenochoae  painted  with  water-birds.  So  0-R. : 
but  all  these  are  registered  in  Brit.  Mus.  as  coming  from  Enkomi  (Salamis). 

Mykenaean  necropolis  reported  1895-6:  Br.  Age  vessels  already  in 
a  private  collection  in  Larnaka,  1894. 
[Chroniques,  p.  188.] 

MARION  =  ARSINOE  {Poli-Us-Khrysokhu,  Papho  District). 

Marion,  the  original  town,  destroyed  by  Ptolemy  Soter  in  312  B.C.,  is 
identified  by  O-R.  (Hermann,  GrabeHeld  von  Marion,  pp.  7,  12  ;  KBH. 
pp.  502-504)  with  some  foundations  seen  in  1885  on  rising  ground  about 
a  mile  east  of  Poll  village.  This  is  disputed  by  Mr.  J.  A.  R.  Munro 
(J.  H.  S.  xi.  p.  6) ;  but  no  decisive  evidence  has  since  been  brought  to 
light  as  to  the  exact  site.  Arsinoe,  the  Ptolemaic  town,  is,  without 
dispute,  in  the  chiflik  immediately  north  of  the  village,  towards  the  sea. 

The  necropolis  is  of  great  extent,  and  very  richly  furnished,  particularly 
with  imported  pottery  of  Attic  types.  .  Marion  was  the  head-quarters  of 
the  copper  trade  with  the  West ' ;  which  helps  to  account  for  the  abundant 
Hellenic  imports.  The  necropolis  lies  in  two  main  divisions,  one  near 
Arsinoe,  and  south  of  Poli  village ;  the  other  about  a  mile  further  east, 
probably  more  closely  associated  with  IMarion  ;  for  it  appears  to  contain 
a  larger  proportion  of  sixth-,  fifth-,  and  fourth-century  tombs ;  whereas 
Hellenistic  tombs  are  characteristic  of  the  other :  but  a  number  of  types 
are  certainly  common  to  both. 

Trial  diggings  were  made  by  0-R.  in  1885,  leading  to  extensive 
excavations  (441  tombs)  in  1886,  principally  in  the  east  necropolis, 
for  Messrs.  Christian,  Watkins,  and  Williamson.  The  collection  thus 
formed  was  sold  by  auction  in  Paris  in  1887,  with  the  exception  of 
a  few  pieces  sold  to  the  British  Museum,  and  of  the  Government  third, 
a  large  part  of  which  is  still  in  the  Cyprus  IMuseum.  The  only  full 
account  of  this  excavation  is  ' Das  Graberfeld  von  Marion'  (79th  Winkel- 
mannsfeste  Programm,  Berlin,  1888),  compiled  by  Dr.  P.  Hermann  from 
the  notes  of  0-R.,  who  was  engaged  in  the  work. 

In  1889-90  further  excavations  were  made  in  both  necropoleis  for  the 
Cypr.  Expl.  Fund,  by  Messrs.  Munro  and  Tubbs,  of  the  British  School  of 
Archaeology  in  Athens.  Dr.  Hermann  and  0-R.  tend  throughout  to 
emphasize  the  contrast  between  the  two  sites  and  the  pre-Ptolemaic  date 
of  the  characteristic  Cypriote  types  of  pottery.     Mr.  Munro,  however, 

*  In  the  hill  country  of  Tylliria  are  numerous  ancient  copper-mines,  which  appear 
from  recent  examinations  to  have  exhausted  the  supply.  O-R.  dentifies  Tylliria 
with  the  ancient  Mount  Tyrrhias. 


lO  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

probably  goes   too   far  in  the  other  direction,  and   modifies   his   first 

conclusions  somewhat  in  his  second  report. 

[Hermann,  Das  Graberfeld  von  IMarion ;  Munro,  J.  H.  S.  x. 
p.  281  (review  of  Hermann);  xi.  pp.  1-99,  PI.  iii,  iv,  v;  xii. 
pp.  298-332,  PI.  xiii,  xiv,  XV ;  KBH.  xxii-iv,  xxvii,  Ixii-iv,  Ixvii, 
clxxiv,  clxxvi-clxxxvii,  cxcvii.  3,  cxcviii.  i,  3,  cciii.  3,  ccxvi.  30, 
ccxviii  (plan),  ccxix,  and  pp.  502-504  (controversial  appendix  on 
the  sites);  Chroniques,  pp.  303,  357;  Gazette  des  Beaux  Arts, 
1887,  p.  332;  Cypr.  Mus.  MS.  Rep.  4.  p.  31  (trials  of  1885). 
Hermann  gives  a  bibliography  of  special  publications  of  results 
of  1886:  esp.  Dummler,  Jahrb.  ii.  PI.  viii,  xi ;  Murray,  J.  H.  S. 
viii.  (1887),  p.  317,  PI.  Ixxxi-ii.] 

Maroni  (v.  Psemmatism^no).         NikoUdes  (v.  Ag.  Sozomenos). 
Nikitdri  (v.  Kutrapha). 

Ormidhia  (Larnaka  District). 

A  sanctuary  outside  the  village  (No.  15,  KBH.  p.  12)  was  excavated 
by  0-R.  for  Sir  Charles  Newton  in  1882:  finds  in  British  IMuseum  ; 
especially  a  Kriophoros  statue. 

PAPHOS  {Kuklid). 

The   sanctuary  of  the  Paphian  Aphrodite   lies  close  to  the  village 

of    Kiiklia,   and   was   excavated  in   18S8    for  the   Cyprus    Exploration 

Fund  by  INIessrs.  Gardner,   Hogarth,  James,  and  Elsey  Smith.     Only 

pavements    and    foundations   of  walls    were    discovered,   and  very  few 

architectural  remains.      The  sanctuary  consists  of  an  enclosed  court, 

entered  from  the  east  between  two  blocks  of  pre-Roman  buildings,  and 

bounded  on  the  north  by  a  pre-Roman  portico,  and  on  the  south  by 

a  deeper  one  of  Roman  work.     South  of  this  again  is  a  detached  wing 

|,  and  portico,  with  more  northerly  orientation,  but  very  imperfect,  and  of 

I  uncertain  plan ;  of  earlier  work,  modified  in  Roman  times,  and  perhaps 

I  representing  the  original  sanctuary.     '  Its  plan  is  entirely  unlike  a  Greek 

I  or  Roman  one,  and  with  its  comparatively  small  chambers  and  the  series 

j  of  large  courts,   either  open   or  covered   in,    serves   to   remind  us  of 

I    !■  Solomon's  Temple  at  Jerusalem,  which  is  almost  the  only  shrine  erected 

I  J  by  Phoenician  workmen  of  which  there  is  any  detailed  record  remaining ' 

(Elsey  Smith  in  J.  H.  S.  Report,  p.  55). 

A  large  number  of  tombs,  opened  at  the  same  time,  in  the  neighbourhood 
of  Kuklia,  yielded  contents  of  all  periods,  from  late-lNIykenaean  to 
Graeco-Roman  ;  but  the  majority  had  been  robbed  already  of  the  more 
valuable  objects :  noteworthy  early  tombs  were  allotted  to  the  Cyprus 
Museum  (Tomb  Groups,  p.  174). 

,       [Detailed  Report  in  J.  H.  S.  ix  (1888),  pp.  149-264,  Pi.  vii-xi, 
with  plans,  photographs,  &c.] 

Phoenichdis  (Nicosia  District). 

A  Bronze  Age  necropolis  wiih  Mykenaean  vases  and  native  imitations. 

0-R.  in  1883  opened  tombs  for  Sir  C.  Newton :  contents  in  Brit.  Mus.    One 

grave  contained  an  implement  which  looked  like  iron,  but  proved  to  be  of  an 

iron  oxide  (analysis  of  Prof  Weeren,Techn.  Hochschule,  Charlottenburg). 

[KBH.  p.  33,  fig.  29;  cl.  12-15;  clii.] 


CHRONICLE    OE    EXCAVATIONS.  II 

Psemmah'smeno  (Larnaka  District). 
An  early  Bronze  Age  settlement  and  necropolis  lie  on  a  hill  between 
Psenunatismeno  2s^di  Maroni ;  much  plundered  by  peasants.  0-R.  in  1885 
opened  two  tombs,  and  two  more  for  Dr.  Diimmler :  the  contents  were 
formerly  exhibited  together  in  the  Cyprus  Museum,  but  in  1894  were 
found  dispersed. 

Later  Bronze  Age  necropolis  at  Zdnikas,  close  to  the  sea,  south  of 
Psemmatismdno  and  Maroni :  very  much  rifled.  Mykenaean  vases  are 
fairly  common.  0-R.  acquired  here  in  1884  a  Babylonian  gold  ring, 
engraved  with  two  seated  deities ;  rayed  sun  below,  moon  above. 

[Cypr.  Mus.  MS.  Rep.  4.  p.  8,  fig.;  Dummler,  Mitth.  xi.  (1886); 
KBH.  p.  463,  clxviii.  i;  Zdriikas,  KBH.  cli.  35  ;  J.  H.  S.  xvii.  171 ; 
Cj'pr.  Mus.  IMS.  Rep.  4.  p.  9.  The  ring  is  now  in  the  Liebermann 
Collecdon,  Berlin.] 

Pyla  (Larnaka  District). 
Bronze  Age  necropolis  with  Mykenaean  vases ;  plundered  by  peasants 
in  1895.     Mykenaean  haematite  cylinder  in  Ashmolean  Museum,  Oxford. 

SALAMIS  {Enkomi,  Ag.  Barnabas). 
The  megalithic  vaulted  building  known  as  Ag.  Katrina  is  published  in 
J.  H.  ^  iv.  pp.  111-115,  PI.  xxxiii-iv  (0-R.);  cf.  KBH.  clxxv.  5,  9. 

The  Hellenistic  and  Roman  necropolis  is  extensive.  Graeco-Phoenician 
tombs  were  found  in  1890,  and  Mykenaean  in  1896.     Excavations: — 

1878.  By  A.  P.  di  Cesnola,  surreptitiously:  some  of  the  objects  were 
confiscated,  and  are  in  the  Cyprus  Museum:  v.  Index,  s.v.     Cesnola. 

[A.P.  di  Cts,x\o\z,Sala?nima,  passim:  Artemis  Paralia  sanctuary,  p.  96.] 
1880.   By  0-R.  for  Sir  Charles  Newton  (Brit.  IMus.),  north  and  west  of 
the  town.    The  Enkomi  Tomb  Group  (p.  177)  was  found  about  this  time. 
[Mitth.  Ath.(i88i),  pp.  191  flf.,  244  flf.;  (1883),  p.  133  ff.;  Athene- 
statuette:   P.  Gardner,  J.  H.  S.  (1881),  PL  xvi ;  A.  S.  Murray, 
Hist.  Gr.  Sculpture,  PI.  xvii;  KBH.  ccii.  i ;  Chroniques,  pp.  179  ff.; 
Rep.  f.  Kunstwissenschaft,  1886,  ix.  p.  204.] 
1882.  A  Roman  house  and  bath  near  the  Forest-guard's  house  were 
exposed  by  0-R. ;    with  suspensurae  of  brickwork,  and  a  fine  mosaic 
of  mixed  stone  and  glass  tesserae,  representing  [Orpheus]  attended  by 
beasts;  central  figure  missing;  much  damaged  since  by  exposure. 

[Chroniques,   pp.    179-183;    O-R.'s   unpublished   water-colour 
drawing  in  Brit.  Mus.] 
1882.  By  Mr.  G.  Hake  for  South  Kensington   INIuseum,  near   Ag. 
Barnabas  Monastery  :  45  tombs. 

[Chroniques,  p.  1 99 ;  S.  Kens.  IMS.  Rep. :  no  details  of  Tomb  Groups.] 
1890-91.  By  JMessrs.  Munro  and  Tubbs  for  Cyprus  Expl.  Fund. 
The  last-named  excavated  also  several  sites  within  the  town,  which 
is  thickly  covered  with  sand-hills  ;  namely  : — 

A.  A  group  of '  Granite  Columns '  with  massive  wall-foundations. 

B.  A  rectangular  portico  =  'Temenos  of  Zeus'  (reached  in  1882  in 

boring  for  water  and  noted  by  0-R.,  cf.  Chroniques,  pp.  179-80). 

C.  The  Agora,  and  '  Loutron '  (reservoir)  attached. 

D.  '  Daimonostasion '  and  cistern  :  inscr.  At6y  2cot^/jos-. 

E.  '  Campanopetra ' :  Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  (some  quite  early), 

associated  with  Rhodian,  b.  f.  and  r.  f.  wares.  A  sub-Mykenaean 
fragment  is  figured,  J.  H.  S.  xii.  p.  142,  fig.  5. 


12  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

F.  'Atrium'  of  a  Roman  house. 

G.  '  Toumba '  (mound) :  an  early  shrine  with  elaborately  modelled 
and  painted  terracotta  statues  of  all  sizes  (seventh  and  sixth  centuries); 
(Brit.  Mus.,  Ashm.  Mus.,  Fitzw.  Mus.,  Cypr.  Mus.  5801  ff.). 

H.  '  Column  Drums'  of  a  large  public  building. 

[J.  H.  S.  xii.  59-198,  298-333,  Tombs,  p.  166-7,  PI-  ^-x,  xiii-xv.] 
1 896.  By  Messrs.  A.  S.  INIurra}-  and  A.  H.  Smith  for  the  British  Museum 
(Turner  Bequest).     An  extensive  Mykenaean  necropolis  was  found  with 
richly  furnished  tombs ;  some  of  unusually  late  date. 

['Times,'  Aug.  13,  1896, v.  Tomb  Groups,  p.  183  below  (Report 
in  preparation).] 

SOANDOS  ?   {Siuda,  and  Vatil),  Famagusta  District). 

Large  Br.  Age  and  early  Gr-Phoen.  necropolis  near  Sinda  ;  Hellenistic 
and  Roman  near  Vatili :  much  plundered  by  peasants.  The  town-site 
is  near  Sinda,  and  yields  architectural  fragments  of  Hellenistic  age. 

SOLOI  {Soliah)  v.  Katydata-Linu. 

TAMASSOS  {Frdngissa,  Ag.  Mm'isos,  Lamberil). 

The  ancient  town-site  lies  east  of  Ag.  Mndsos  Monastery;  traces  of 
the  wall  remain;  glass-works  were  discovered  in  1885  within  the  town. 
A  sanctuary  of  the  Mijrr;p  Qeav  within  the  town  (No.  5,  KBH.)  is  identi- 
fied by  inscriptions  ;  and  a  sanctuary  of  Apollo  (No.  6,  KBH.)  was 
discovered  outside  in  1889,  The  necropoleis,  of  all  periods,  and  the 
town-sites,  were  excavated  by  0-R.  in  1885  for  private  persons,  and  in 
1889  and  1894  for  the  Berlin  INIuseum  and  the  Prussian  Secretary  of  State 
for  Public  Instruction  :  and  at  Lambert!  (south-east  corner  of  old  town  ; 
east  of  Ag.  Heraklides  Monastery),  Graves  1-3 1  (1889)  and  Graves 
32-50  (1894),  for  the  'Rudolph  Virchow  Fund.' 

Another  sanctuary  of  Apollo,  with  a  necropolis,  was  also  excavated 
by  0-R.  in  1885,  1889,  1894,  at  Frd7igtssa,  three  miles  west  of  Ag. 
Mnasos.  Hence  (1885)  Cypr.  Mus.  6000  ff.  and  the  early  pictorial  vase 
in  the  British  INIuseum  (C  120). 

[Chroniques,  p.  294  ;  KBH.  figs.  37,  38  in  text  (Brit.  IMus.  vase),  vi 
(Plan) ;  see  forthcoming  '  Tamassos  und  Idalion.'] 

TREMITHUS  {Tremithusha,  Famagusta  District). 

The  ancient  site  lies  north-west  of  the  modern  village;    necropolis 
excavated  in  1883  by  0-R.  for  Cyprus  Museum.     Hellenistic  unpainted 
pottery,  especially  C.  M.  1152  with  graffito  XAPH2. 
[Chroniques,  p.  197.] 

Vitsdda  (Nicosia  District). 
Sanctuary  with  Hellenistic  statues.    Illicit  digging  by  peasants  in  1893 
produced  the  confiscated  sculptures,  C.  M.  5991-7. 

Voni  (v.  Khytroi). 

Xylotymbu  (Famagusta  District). 

Two  late  Graeco-Phoenician  tombs  of  fine  masonry,  with  gable  roof  built 
as  a  'false-arch,'  were  opened  by  0-R.  for  Sir  Charles  Newton  in  1882. 
[KBH.  clxxxix,  plans,  sections,  and  contents;  J.  H.  S.  iv,  p.  116, 
PI.  xxxiv,  4,  5.] 

Zdrukas  (v.  Psemmatism^no). 


INTRODUCTION. 


EARLY  MAN  IN  CYPRUS. 

Nothing  can  as  yet  be  stated  with  certainty  as  to  the  ethnographical 
afiinities  of  the  first  known  population  of  Cyprus.  Virchow's  '  Schadel 
von  Assos  und  Cypern'  was  based  largely  upon  skulls  from  Cesnola's 
collection,  that  is  to  say,  of  unknown  provenance  and  date :  and  the 
skulls  now  in  Vienna,  which  were  published  by  Weisbach  in  '  The  Owl ' 
(Nicosia,  1888),  Nos.  9,  10,  were  from  Hellenistic  graves  at  LinuK 
In  the  Bronze  Age  tombs  human  remains  are  very  seldom  found 
complete  enough  for  determination,  and  in  even  the  Graeco-Phoenician 
Age  the  population  is  already  so  mixed  that  there  is  no  security  that  the 
few  specimens  which  have  been  published  represent  the  native  stock. 
The  most  recent  investigator  of  Mediterranean  ethnology — G.  Sergi, 
'Origine  e  Diffusione  della  Stirpe  Mediterranea'  (Roma,  1895) — quotes  no 
Cypriote  evidence  as  to  race,  though  he  subscribes  to  the  received  opinion 
of  the  place  of  the  island  in  early  culture.  In  no  case,  however,  can 
a  community  of  culture  prove,  though  it  may  sometimes  suggest, 
a  community  of  race ;  and  the  discussion  of  Cypriote  civilization 
which  follows  mjust  be  held  to  keep  the  race-question  absolutely  open. 
We  must  learn  more  of  the  psychology  of  artistic  style  before  we  can  say 
that  likeness  between  the  elementary  canons  of  the  art,  even  of  adjacent 
areas,  proves  any  kinship  between  their  populations. 

I.     THE   STONE   AGE. 

The  Stone  Age  has  left,  so  far  as  is  known,  but  very  slight  traces 
in  Cyprus.  Palaeolithic  implements  have  not  been  recorded  at  all ;  but 
it  must  be  set  against  this  that  the  island  contains  no  flint  or  obsidian, 
and  probably  no  beds  analogous  to  the  river-gravels  of  the  North. 

Neolithic  implements  also  are  very  rare.  One  celt  was  bought  near 
EpiskopI  (Kurion)  by  Vicomte  E.  de  Castillon  de  S.  Victor  in  1886 
(Archives  des  Missions,  xvii,  Paris,  1891)^;  another,  bought  in  the  Karpass, 
was  in  M.  Konstantinides'  collection  in  Nicosia^  (Journ.  Cypr.  Stud.  PI.  i. 
252) ;  a  third  is  in  the  collection  of  Mr.  W.  T.  Taylor,  lately  the  Receiver- 
General  of  Cyprus;  a  fourth  from  Kurion  (1895,  Brit.  Mus.)  is  cata- 
logued below,  No.  470,  and  a  flint  knife  was  bought  by  O-R.  (1895)  from 
a  peasant  of  Alambra.  Even  these,  moreover,  are  isolated  finds,  and 
no  tombs  or  other  deposits  of  the  Stone  Age  have  been  discovered  at  all^ 
hitherto. 

*  Those  from  Lambertl  (Tamassos\  excavated  in  1894,  have  reached  Prof.  Virchow 
in  a  state  which  permits  them  to  be  studied ;  and  will  be  published  in  '  Taniassos  und 
Idalion.' 

English  excavators  before  1894  uniformly  'respected  the  relics  of  the  dead '  (J.  H.  S. 
ix.  27T,  xi.  31)  :  and  the  skulls  stnt  home  from  Amat/ms  to  the  British  Museum  (now 
ill  Univ.  Mus.,  Oxford)  were  so  misused,  that  they  afford  no  trustworthy  results.  Two 
from  Kalopsida  28  are  deposited  in  the  Cyprus  Museum. 

2  '  Trouvee  a  cote  des  debris  d'un  squelette  dans  la  partie  de  la  plaine  qui  est  au 
pied  de  la  ville,  non  loin  de  I'ancien  port '  (p.  6). 

^  Now  in  O-R.'s  possession. 


14  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

In  particular,  there  is  no  distinct  Stone  Age  pottery.  The  earliest 
tombs  contain,  it  is  true,  no  bronze  ;  and  the  pottery  is  here  of  rough 
and  coarse  workmanship :  but  no  stone  implements  are  found  in  place  of 
the  bronze,  and  the  pottery  types  are  all  closely  related  in  form  to  the  fine 
work  of  the  developed  Bronze  Age\ 

The  only  tumuli  in  Cyprus  are  two  very  doubtful  ones  near  Salamis'^, 
one  at  Leondari  Vuno,  and  another  south-west  of  Kiiklia^ ;  and  the 
megalithic  monuments  at  Old  Paphos  and  elsewhere ''  are  of  uncertain 
age.  Messrs.  Hogarth  and  Guillcmard  described  some  of  the  perforated 
stones  as  the  uprights  of  old  oil-presses ''' :  and  none  have  any  features  or 
surroundings  which  would  refer  them  to  a  specially  Neolithic  origin. 

II.     THE   BRONZE  AGE«. 
Distribution  of  Sites. 

Settlements  at  Alambra,  Agios  Soz6menos  and  Nikolfdes  near 
Dali,  Lithargiais  near  Pdra,  Leondari  Vunb  near  Nicosia,  Kalopsfda  near 
Famagusta,  and  Psemmatism^no  near  the  south  coast. 

Tombs  (i)  at  Kat/data  and  Linvi  in  the  Soliais  Valley  north  of 
Tr6odos;  (2)  Pera,  Politiko,  and  Phoenichais  in  side  valleys  of  the  upper 
Pidias  basin;  (3)  Alambra  (three  sites),  Agios  Soz6menos,  Nikolfdes, 
Potamia,  and  L^'mbia,  in  the  basin  of  Nfsu  and  Dali  (Idalion)  ;  (4)  Leon- 
dari Vuno,  Laksha,  and  Agia  Paraskevj,  onthe  plateau  south  and  south-west* 
of  Nicosia;  (5)  Kythrda,  Dfkomo,  and  Krinl  on  the  south  side  of  the  pass 
over  the  north  range  to  Ker^'nia ;  and  at  Lapithos  (Lapathos)  on  the 
north  coast;  (6)  Kalopsfda  and  Sinda  on  the  south  side  of  the  Messaoria, 
and  Xylotymbu  and  P/da  between  Famagusta  and  Larnaka ;  (7)  Laksha 
tu  Riu  north-west  of  Larnaka;  (8)  Pentaskino,  Zarukas,  Psemmatismdno, 
Maroni,  Mari,  Kalavaso,  and  Moni,  in  the  valleys  south  of  Stavro  Vuni 
and  Makhaira,  separated  from  the  Dali  group  only  by  the  low  pass  between 
the  two  mountain  masses ;  and  (9)  at  Episkopi  (Kurion)  on  the  south- 
west coast,  where  there  is  a  regular  Mykenaean  necropolis;  while  native 
imitations  of  Mykenaean  vases  have  been  found  at  Kuklia  (Paphos)  and 
Politiko  (Tamassos)  in  transitional  tombs  like  those  of  Kat/data-Linia. 
The  locality  Throni,  given  for  vases  now  in  Turin  INIuseum,  rests  on 
the  authority  of  L.  P.  di  Cesnola :  and  seems  to  refer  to  some  site  in 
group  6,  To  these  must  now  be  added  (10)  a  large  Mykenaean  necropolis 
near  Enkomi  (Salamis). 

General  Characteristics. 

The  map  of  Bronze  Age  settlements  and  cemeteries  in  Cyprus  (PI.  i.  i) 
shows  that,  with  the  exception  of  the  little  group  which  occupies  the 
passes  of  the  Kerynia  mountains,  they  are  confined  to  the  country  of 
white  limestone  and  gypsum  which  encircles  the  red  plutonic  mountain 
mass  of  Troodos,  INIakhaira,  and  Stavro  Vuni,  and  that  they  are  generally 
in  or  near  the  river  valleys  and  marshy  pasture  lands  which  traverse 
and  fringe  it.  The  inference  from  this  distribution,  that  the  inhabitants 
of  Cyprus  in  the  Bronze  Age  w'ere  pastoral  and  agricultural  lowlanders, 

*  Diimmler,  Mitth.  Ath.  xi.  (1886),  p.  216.         '^  Oberhummer,  Aus  Cypem,  p.  124. 
^  J.  H.  S.  xii.  p.  103.  *  KBH.  xviii ;  Hogarth,  Devia  Cypria,  PI.  iv,  p.  46. 

*  Cf.  megalithic  Roman  oil-presses  in  Tripoli,  described  as  temples  by  H.  S.  Cowper, 
'Antiquary,'  Feb.,  1896. 

*  The  distinction  between  the  earlier  Copper  Age  and  the  Bronze  Age  which  follows 
the  introduction  of  Tin  is  sufficiently  well  established  so  far  as  the  metallic  objects  are 
concerned  ;  but  there  is  no  break  in  the  development  of  objects  associated  with  them. 


INTRODUCTION.  15 

who  avoided  the  forest-clad  highlands,  is  confirmed  by  the  frequency, 
among  their  pottery,  of  ladles  and  of  large  open  bowls  often  provided 
with  spouts  (cf.  a  Cypriote  example  in  Athens,  'Edv.  Mova-.  No.  95)  such 
as  are  among  the  essential  furniture  of  a  dairy ;  and  of  corn-rubbers  or 
saddle-querns  (exactly  like  those  from  Hissarlik,  and  those  still  used, 
for  example,  on  the  African  Gold  Coast),  which  show  that  corn  was 
ground  for  food  in  most  of  their  communities. 

The  remains  which  are  referred  to  the  '  Bronze  Age '  are  distinguished 
by  very  marked  features  from  all  other  antiquities  found  in  Cyprus.  . 
In  the  tombs,  burial  is  universal  and  burning  unknown;  and  the  equip-  rVYl? 
ment  of  the  tombs  is  correspondingly  elaborate.  The  native  pottery, 
which  is  abundant  and  of  very  varied  styles,  is  never  made  upon  the 
potter's  wheel,  except  close  to  the  end  of  the  period,  but  is  built  up  by 
hand,  and  is  consequently  often  coarse  and  clumsy. 

The  commonest  metallic  objects  are  axe-heads,  dagger-blades,  and 
scrapers  of  very  simple  forms,  like  those  of  Hissarlik  and  of  the  earlier 
Bronze  Age  of  Central  Europe,  and  especially  of  Hungary.  They 
are  made  of  bronze  containing  very  little  tin,  .or  even  of  almost  pure 
Qopper,  like  tlTe  earliest  Egyptian  weapons  and  those  from  the  lower 
layers  at  Hissarlik'  and  all  over  Europe.  Spear-heads  of  distinct  Mykenaean 
type  were  found  in  the  grave  of  the  '  Ochsen-krater '  at  Agia  Paraskevf 
(now  in  Berlin  Museum),  and  at  Leondari  Vuno.  Besides  these,  simple 
awls,  pins,  needles,  pincers,  bracelets,  rings,  earrings,  and  beads,  tubular 
and  spiral — again  like  those  of  Central  Europe  (Much.  Kupferzeit^  p.  374, 
&c.) — are  found,  generally  of  bronze,  but  occasionally  of  ill-refined  silver 
lead.  No  arrow-heads  have  been  found,  and  archery  is  only  represented 
at  all  on  one  cylinder  from  Kythr^a  (Journ.  Cypr.  Stud.  Pl.i.  169);  while 
spear-heads,  if  indeed  there  are  any,  are  hardly  to  be  distinguished  from 
sword  and  dagger-blades.  Fibulae,  or  safety  pins,  have  not  been  found 
at  all.  Necklaces  of  Egyptian'porcelain  beads,  of  twelfth  dynasty  fabrics  ; 
of  coarse  native  imitations  of  these,  and  occasionally  of  transparent  glass 
(e.  g.  a  fine  spiral  earring  in  the  collection  of  the  late  Dr.  Tischler,  from 
Ag.  Paraskevf),  are  also  found ;  Egyptian  scarabs  and  other  porcelain  orna- 
ments are  found  imported  rarely  in  late  Bronze  Age  tombs :  and  likewise 
ornaments  of  ivory,  and,  very  rarely,  of  electron  and  gold,  especially  the 
mountings  of  engraved  cylindrical  seals  (C.  M.  4501-2,  cf.  p.  33). 

These  cylinders,  which  are  sometimes  made  of  steatite,  sometimes 
cf  porcelain  and  artificial  stone-paste,  very  closely  resemble  the  early 
Babylonian  seals  of  the  same  form.  The  Cyprus  Museum  has  one 
gold-mounted  specimen  from  Agia  Paraskevf  (No.  4501)  which  was 
certainly  imported  from  Asia,  and  bears  an  inscription  in  cuneiform 
characters  (Bezold,  Z.  f.  Keilinschr.  ii.(i885),  pp.  191-93;  KBH.  p.  35), 
but  the  majority  are  in  a  different  and  coarser  style,  and  appear  to  be 
of  local  manufacture. 

Representative  Art  is  exemplified  by  ornaments  modelled  on  the  vases 
in  relief,  and  in  the  round,  as  accessories;  and  by  rude  clay  figurines. 
All  of  these  are  discussed  in  detail  in  the  section  on  Sculpture  and 
Modelling,  p.  27. 

^  Compare  Schliemann,  Ilios,  Appendix  on  Metallurgy ;  Sir  A.  W.  Franks,  Proc. 
Arch.  Congress,  Stockholm,  p.  346  ;  Dr.  J-  H.  Gladstone,  Brit.  Association  Report, 
1893  (Nottingham),  Section  B,  p.  715:  1896  'Liverpool),  Section  H,  p.  930  ;  Proc. 
Soc.  Bibl.  Arch.  xii.  p.  234  :  '  Journ.  Anthr.  Inst.'  xxvi.  309  ff.  Prof.  Weeren's  analyses 
(^in  'Tamassos  und  Idalion  ')  establish  a  distinct  Copper  Age,  before  the  Bronze  Age. 


l6  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

The  characteristic  Bronze  Age  pottery,  as  already  stated  (p.  14),  pre- 
cedes actual  bronze-finds  in  the  series  of  tombs,  and  begins  with 
primitive  and  rude  examples ;  but  it  becomes  mature  very  rapidly  both 
in  style  and  in  technique.  The  earliest  and,  throughout,  the  commonest 
and  most  characteristic  fabrics  are  wholly  hand-made  ;  and,  consequently, 
lend  themselves  to  unsymmetrical  and  fantastic  modelling.  With  the 
exception  of  a  few  late  and  tlistinct  fabrics,  the  vessels  have  _no  foot 
or  base-ring  to  enable  them  to  stand  upright ;  as  a  rule,  the  bottom 
is  rounded,  or  at  the  most  very  slightly  flattened ;  at  Kalopsida  the 
ordinary  vessels  are  even  pohiled  below'.  IMany  of  the  common  bowls, 
however,  are  so  balanced  that  they  naturally  return  to  an  upright  position 
when  disturbed.  A  large  number  of  eminently  characteristic  forms 
and  ornaments  seem  to  be  derived  from  those  of  gourd-bottles,  such 
'■  as  are  still  in  common  use  in  Cyprus,  and  a  few  from  basket-work  and 
twisted  straw  (cf.  KBH.  xxxiv-v ;  and  0-R.,  'Parallellen  in  d.  Gebraiichen 
d.  Alten  u.  d.  jetzigen  Bevolkerung  v.  Cypern,'  Abh.  d.  Berl.  Anthr.  Ges. 
1891,  pp.  34-44- 

Though  the  clay  is  coarse,  the  characteristic  slip  is  fine,  bright  red  in 
colour  (with  an  ebony-black  variety),  and  polished  on  the  surface  with 
stone  or  horse-tooth  burnishers.  But  as  the  pottery  is  often  very  slightly 
baked,  the  fine  surface  layer  is  inclined  to  separate  and  flake  off. 

From  these  points  we  may  probably  draw  the  following  conclusions : — 

1.  The  art  of  pottery  was  introduced  into  Cyprus  not  much  before 
the  beginning  of  the  Copper  Age  :  but  it  is  not  the  result  of  a  multi- 
tudinous invasion  from  without,  for  the  forms  are  not  represented  any- 
where else  so  abundantly  and  characteristically ;  therefore  they  are 
probably  indigenous,  and,  if  anything,  only  the  technique  is  introduced 
from  elsewhere  :  it  is  therefore  the  result  of  peaceful  intercourse,  which 
may  be  accounted  for,  like  so  much  else,  by  the  first  extension  of  the 

I  copper  industry.  It  is,  moreover,  not  improbable  that  both  pottery  and 
i  glass-making  made  their  earliest  advances  in  Cyprus  in  close  association 
1  with  metallurgy.  The  perishable  nature  of  the  gourd-vessels,  which 
the  new  pottery  so  quickly  replaced,  accounts  for  the  absence  of  any 
traces  of  their  prototypes ;  but  the  modern  Cypriote,  with  characteristic 
conservatism,  still  prefers  gourds  for  househokl  bottles  and  ladles,  and 
still  incises  geometrical  ornaments  and  concentric  circles  upon  them. 

2.  The  fact  that  the  Cypriote  pottery  is  hand-made  precludes  the  idea 
that  the  art  was  introduced  from  Egypt,  where  wheel-made  pottery  and 
a  great  terracotta  industry  are  found  earlier  than  the  first  appearance  of 
copper. 

3.  A  red  polished  technique  and  hand-made  fabric  arc  characteristic 
of,  and  unsurpassed  among,  the  Libyan  race,  discovered  in  1895  by 
Prof  Flinders  Petrie  in  the  settlements  and  tombs  at  Ballas  and  Naqada 
in  Egypt.  From  this  pottery  derives,  according  to  the  same  authority, 
some  of  the  '  Amorite '  culture  of  Syria.    In  Egypt,  this  civilization,  which 

[fills  the  gap  between  the  sixth  and  the  eleventh  dynasty, .is  practically 
I  devoid  of  metals.  But  the  very  rare  examples  which  occur  are  of 
characteristic  forms,  which  are  lale  (quasi-Mykenaean)  in  Cyprus:  e.g.  the 
bayonet-like  dagger  in  Ashmolean  jNIuseum,  cf  KBH.  cli.  27;  and  in  Syria 
derivative  i)Oltery  seems  to  be  associated  with  Cypriote  types  of  copper. 
The    likeness    between    the    Libyan    and    the    Cypriote    red    pohshed 

*  Cf.  the  nipple-point  bottom  of  C.  M.  59;  and  Lambcrtl  (i8g5\  xxxix.  741  (Berl. 
Mus.) ;  also  a  vase  from  Teli-el-Hesy.     Bliss,  '  Mound  of  Many  Cities/  PI.  iii,  fig.  83, 


INTRODUCTION. 


17 


technique,  and  between  their  black  deoxidised  varieties,  is  very  striking;  | 

but  the  enormous  majority  of  the  Libyan  forms  are  from  stone  types, 
and  very  few  are  from  gourds;  tiiough  close  parallels  of  form  occur 
among  ring-vases  and  compos'te  and  fantastic  vessels.  We  cannot 
therefore  as  yet  assume  that  the  practically  identical  technique  was 
introduced  into  Cyprus  from  the  Libyo-Amorite  culture  of  Syria  ;  nor,  on 
the  other  hand,  that  Libya  borrowed  this  also  from  Cyprus  along  with  the 
metal  im[ilements. 

4.  The  art  of  adorning  the  natural  clay  with  patterns  in  black  paint  is 
exemplified  in  Cyprus  earlier  than  anywhere  else  in  the  Mediterranean. 
Phoenicia  and  Hissarlik  have  yielded  no  painted  pottery;  and  that  of  t-mi^ 
Tell-el-Hesy  is  late  and  probably  derivative  ;  while  that  of  Cyprus  is 
certainly  pre-Mykenaeari,.  The  pigment  is  a  native  umber,  which  is  still 
worked.  The  red  paint  of  the  Mykenaean  period  in  Cyprus  may  have 
been  introduced  from  the  contemporary  Egyptian  pottery. 

The  first  known  culture  of  Cyprus,  thus  indicated,  whatever  may  be  its 
origin,  has  already  acquired  in  its  earliest  known  stages  a  very  distinct 
and  characteristic  style  which  finds  no  close  parallel  in  the  neighbouring 
areas  of  the  mainland,  and  must  in  the  present  state  of  our  knowledge 
be  regarded,  in  its  earliest  known  form  at  all  events,  as  an  indigenous 
development. 

The  great  abundance  of  the  tombs  on  any  site  where  they  occur,  and 
the  marked  development  and  progress  which  can  be  traced  within  the 
limits  of  the  Bronze  Age,  certainly  indicate  that  this  culture  was  not  only 
extensive  and  vigorous  at  any  given  time,  but  also  that  it  existed  over 
%_Jong  period.  Chronological  data  are  of  course  few  and  disputable, 
especially  in  the  earlier  sections,  where  foreign  imports  are  absent  or 
very  rare  :  but  it  is  not  improbable  that  at  the  point  where  the  evidence 
first  begins,  Cyprus  was  actually  ahead  of  the  neighbouring  coasts  of  the 
Levant,  and  that  for  a  considerable  time  after,  it  may  have  influenced  its 
neighbours,  rather  than  have  been  influenced  by  them. 

The  Copper  Trade.     The  main  cause  of  this  early  advance  was 
certainly  the  fact  that  Cyprus  contains  the  only  large  depo;  its  of  copper 
ore  in  the  Levant ;    the  nearest  alternative   sources   bt  ing  Sinai,  which 
supplied  Egypt,  in  part  at  least,  from  the  beginning  of  the  fourth  dynasty   .. 
onwards  \  and  Central  Europe,  especially  on  the  Hungarian  side  of  the  j/'  \  -^ 
Carpathians.     But  in  the  latter  area  it  seems  likely  that  the  knowledge  of  [l 
the  metal,  and  the  earliest  types  of  implements,  were  introduced  from  ), 
Cyprus;  while  the  Sinaitic  copper  seems  not  to  penetrate  beyond  Egypt,  i^ 

It  is  true  that  in  the  latter  part  of  the  Bronze  Age,  Cyprus  is  subject 
to  the  influence  of  the  art  of  Syria  and  of  the  IMykenaean  centres  of  the 
Aegean ;  but  neither  these,  nor  any  other  foreign  influences,  can  be 
admitted  without  question  in  the  earlier  sections  of  the  period. 

Hissarlik.  By  far  the  closest  parallels  are  afforded  by  the  civiliza  ion 
of  Hissarlik,  which  is  shown  to  be  tyj  ical  for  Anatolia  by  a  small  but 
increasing  number  of  isolated  finds  in  Bithynia,  Phrygia,  and  Karia. 
Hissarlik  might  seem  to  antedate  Cyprus,  for  its  pottery  is  ruder 
and  less  characteristic,  and  metal  weapons  (except  Schliemann's  '  great 
treasure,'  the  date  of  which  is  in  any  case  on  internal  evidence  uncertain) 
are  very  far  out-numbered  by  the  stone  implements.  But  Hissarlik,  like 
Libya,  is  remote  from  any  known  or  probable  centre  of  copper  industry, 

^  Sneferu  inscription,  close  under  4000  B.  c.     Petiie,  Hist.  Eg.  i.  p.  36. 

C 


i8 


CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 


though  it  is  on  the  great  immemorial  route  to  Europe,  via  the  Hellespont. 
Cyprus  and  Hungary  are  the  nearest  centres  and  are  almost  equidistant. 
The  pottery  of  Hissarlik  has  affinities  with  that  of  Cyprus  in  form,  technique, 
and  ornament,  and  seems  to  have  borrowed  tlience  ^ :  but  the  red  ware 
at  Hissarlik  does  not  begin  till  the  second  town  and  does  not  pre- 
dominate till  the  third ;  whereas  types  of  weapons  (notably  one-edged 
knives,  Schuchh.  fig.  3,  6i)  appear  in  the  first,  which  are  710I  Cypriote 
and  arc  Hungarian,  though  they  penetrate  later  as  far  south  as  Crete. 
Now  there  is  some  reason  to  believe  that  the  Hungarian,  perhaps  all 
Central  European  copper  industry,  depends  upon  the  Cypriote  ;  and, 
consequently,  Hissarlik,  which  tlei)ends  on  the  Hungarian,  cannot  be  re- 
garded as  earlier  in  date,  though  it  is  certainly  more  primitive  in  type  than 
that  of  Cyprus.  It  is  in  fact  a  local  development,  partly  parallel  with 
Cyprus,  and  partly  derivative  from  it ;  and  stands  between  the  Cypriote,  the 
DcUiubian  and  Alpine,  and  the  Aegean  cultures,  in  a  relation  which  corre- 
s])onds  very  nearly  to  the  geographical  position  of  these  early  art  provinces. 

Alps  Danube 


^ 


r- 


Aegean 


-Hissarlik- 


Cyprus 


Central  Europe.  In  Central  Europe  itself,  the  late  Neolithic  and 
early  Bronze  (Copper)  culture  is  closely  parallel  with  that  of  Cyprus, 
in  the  types  of  its  earliest  weapons  and  the  decorative  motives  of  its 
pottery.  The  communication  was  undoubtedly  by  way  of  the  Bosphorus 
and  Hellespont ;  the  red  polished  fabric,  the  incised  and  whitened 
ornament,  and  some  of  the  simpler  forms,  reappear  in  the  Mondsee  and 
elsewhere ;  but  wherever  similarity  can  be  traced,  the  superiority,  in 
versatility  and  in  finish  of  ornament,  is  uniformly  on  the  side  of  Cyprus. 
At  the  same  time  it  must  be  remembered  that  no  demonstrably  Cypriote 
specimens  of  the  red  polished  ware  have  been  recorded  outside  the 
island  :  all  known  Cypriote  exports  (to  Athens,  Hissarlik,  Thera,  Sinjirii, 
Tell-el-Hesy,  and  Egypt)  are  of  distinct,  derivative,  and  later  fabrics  ^. 

Th.e  Aegean.  The  occurrence  on  the  acropolis  of  Athens  of  Cypriote 
potsherds,  and  in  the  Bronze  Age  settlement  of  Thera  of  a  '  hemispherical 
bowl'  of  Cypriote  workmanship  (cf.  C.  M.  301-4),  of  vessels  with  red 
polished  slip,  and  other  tokens  of  Cypriote  influence,  prove  that  communi- 
cation was  established  between  Cyprus  and  the  Aegean  be/ore  the  great  age 
of  IMykenaean  art ;  but  there  are  no  known  traces  of  a  corresponding 
importation  of  Aegean  pottery  into  Cyprus.  Cyprus,  that  is,  thanks 
mainly  to  its  copper  industry,  was  at  this  time  somewhat  in  advance  of 
the  Aegean. 

North  Syria.  The  same  applies  in  some  measure  to  the  civilization 
of  North  Syria,  exemplified  at  Sinjirii.  The  bronze  of  Sinjirii  is  probably 
Cypriote.  The  types  there  are  largely  derived  from  Cypriote  types,  and  in 
some  cases  there  is  a  strong  presumption  of  Cypriote  workmanship.  The 
same  applies  to  much  of  the  native  pottery,  and  in  particular  to  the  late 
Bronze  Age  figurines  with  gigantic  earrings  (C.  M.  464)  which  appear 
as  a  local  fabric  at  Sinjirii,  and  sporadically  elsewhere  ;  though  it  is  not 

V.  KBH.  cxlvi-cxlix.  pp.  451-4. 


^  For  parallels  between  Cyprus  and  Hissarlik, 
*  Journ.  Cvpr.  Stud.  I.  p.  6. 


INTRODUCTION. 


19 


clear  whether  the  mainland  borrowed  from  the  island,  or  both  from 
a  third  common  source.  But  at  Sinjirli,  as  in  the  Aegean,  the  majority 
of  the  correspondences  are  late ;  very  late  Bronze  Age  pottery,  and  early 
Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  and  fibulae. 

Phoenicia.     Tine  earlier  civilization  of  Phoenicia  and  Palestine  is  so  | ; 
wholly  unknown,  that  no  comparison  of  it  with  Cypriote  culture  is  of     '  j 

much  value.  The  small  collections  of  the  Jesuit  and  American  Colleges  ^ 
at  Beirut  contain  pottery  which  resembles  some  of  the  distinctly  late 
Bronze  K%&  fabrics  of  Cyprus,  especially  certain  forms  which  last  on  into 
the  Graeco-Phoenician  Age\  But  the  most  universally  characteristic  types 
of  Cypriote  pottery  do  not  reappear  at  all  in  Phoenicia,  and  consequently 
cannot  have  been  borrowed  thence.  Again,  at  Tell-el-Hesy,  many  of  the 
imported  styles  of  pottery,  which  are  attributed  by  Prof  Flinders  Petrie  to 
Phoenicia,  are  closely  allied  to  the  later  Bronze  Age  forms  in  Cyprus;  many 
of  them  have  all  the  look  of  imitations  of  fabrics  which  are  known  to  be 
indigenous  in  Cyprus,  and  in  the  opinion  of  some  authorities,  some  of  them 
are  actual  Cypriote  exports.  In  any  case  the  evidence  is  strongly  against 
any  original  dependence  of  Cypriote  culture  on  any  known  Phoenician 
style,  and  against  any  appreciable  intercommunication  between  Cyprus, 
and  the  Phoenician  coast  and  Syria,  until  the  later  part  of  the  period. 

Egypt.     Finally,  in  Egypt,  the  evidence  is  exactly  the  same.     Copper 
weapons  of  Cypriote  types  occur  there  from  the  fourth  dynasty  onwards, 
but    are    associated   with   others,   which,   though    equally    derived    from 
neolithic  models,  do  not  occur  in  Cyprus,  Western  Asia,  or  Europe,  and 
may  be  referred  to  the  Sinaitic   copper  province.     But  the   indigenous 
early  Bronze  Age  pottery  of  Cyprus  (the  red  polished  ware)  is  nm  found      ^-v-^-t.-**  J 
exported  or  imitated  in  Egypt.     Only  the  later  fabrics  occur :   '  Black      .         ,^ 
punctured    ware,'    'Base-ring  ware,'   and   'Hemispherical   bowls'   (vide     i  c    -'Vt-H 
below,  p.  37-9);  and  these  not  till  the  twelfth  dynasty,  but  then  frequently^,  -       '^ 

and  associated  with  Cretan^  (Proc.  Soc.  Antiq.  Ser.  II,  vol.  xvi.  351  ff.)  and        -'  ^    - 
other  Aegean  fabrics.     In  Cyprus,  correspondingly,  it  is  among  the  same 
later  styles  that  Egyptian  porcelain  ornaments  begin  to  be  frequent:  they 
are  sufficiently  characteristic  of  the  twelfth  dynasty  to  serve  as  date  marks. 

Later  influences.  It  has  been'arready  stated,  however,  that  as  time 
went  on,  the  indigenous  art  of  Cyprus  was  modified  and  eventually 
transformed  by  the  importation  of  new  processes  and  motives  from 
without.  Cyprus  lies  within  reach  of  four  sets  of  foreign  influences ; 
from  the  north,  from  the  east,  from  the  south,  and  from  the  west. 

I.  The  coast  of  Cilicia  and  the  north  coast  of  Cyprus  are  in  full  view 
of  each  other:  they  have  always  had  much  in  common  both  physically  and 
ethnographically ;  and  the  excavations  at  Sinjirli  have  brought  much 
evidence  to  confirm  the  obvious  relations  already  indicated  between 
Cypriote  and  '  Hittite  '  or  Syro-Kappadokian  culture.  Many  engraved 
cylinders  of  the  later  Bronze  Age  in  Cyprus  are  practically  indistinguish- 
able from  those  of  the  mainland  of  Asia  INlinor.  All  these  cylinders  go 
back  to  Babylonian  prototypes,  and  as  the  series  is  more  continuous  on 
the  mainland  than  in  Cyprus,  it  is  probable  that  in  this  instance,  as  with 

^  0-R.  bought  in  Beirut  a  jug  with  stiainerspout,  painted  with  sub-Mykenaean 
lattice-triangles,  but  of  local  clay.  Cf.  a  few  early  Gr.-Phoenician  vases  from  Phoenicia 
in  the  Louvre. 

^  Petrie,  Illahun,  PI.  xiii,  xxvii,  &c.  (Kahun)  ;  i.  (Aegean  fabrics,  at  Kahun). 

^  There  appears  to  be  a  fragment  of  this  Cretan  {Kamdrais)  ware  from  Kurioii 
(1895,  Brit.  Mus.). 

C  2 


I 


20  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

the  distinct  class  of  quasi-Mykenaean  cylinders,  it  is  the  Cypriote  forms 
which  are  derivative. 

2.  At  sunrise  the  Lebanon  is  clearly  visible  from  Stavro  Vuni,  and  the 
imitations  of  Babylonian  cylinders,  already  mentioned,  point  as  much  to 
Syrian  as  to  Cilician  intercourse.  Moreover,  the  presence  of  genuine 
Babylonian  cylinders  argues  the  establishment  oHhe  more  direct  route. 
The  occurrence  among  them  of  one  attributed  to  Sargon  P  (3000  B.C.:  in 
M.  Konstantiniiles'  collection)  of  course  proves  nothing  as  to  the  upward 
date  of  the  connexion  ;  and  in  any  case  there  is  no  trace  of  the  pre- 
ponderant Phoenician  influence  in  the  second  thousand  years  b.  c.  which 

\  has  been  assumed  on  the  authority  of  late  Greek  writers.  The  publication, 
■  in  Dr.  Bliss's  account  of  the  excavations  at  Tell-el-Hesy  ('  A  Wound  of 
INIany  Cities,'  London  Palestine  Expl.  Fund,  1894),  of  a  mass  of  new 
material  for  the  early  history  of  the  Syrian  coast  makes  it  neces;-ary  to 
repeat  the  caution,  that  until  pottery  of  certain  classes  has  been  found 
to  be  characteristic  of  finds  in  Phoenicia  iiself,  it  is  not  safe  to  assume 
it  to  be  Phoenician.  On  the  other  hand,  the  frequent  occurrence  of 
characteristically  Cypriote  shapes  and  patterns, especially  of 'hemispherical 
bowls'  (C.  I\L  301-4),  is  quite  as  far  from  proving  any  ethnic  affinity 
between  the  early  inhabitants  of  Cyprus  and  the  settlers  of  Tell-el-Hesy, 
or  any  such  site. 

3.  Cyprus  is,  in  fair  weather,  widiin  three  days'  sail  of  the  mouth  of  the 
Nile;  it  was,  almost  certainly,  invaded  by  Thothmes  III  about_i45o  b.c; 
and  had  probably  been  visited  from  F-gypt  even  earlier  for  the  sake  of  its 
copper  and  timber.  The  cartouche  of  Thothmes  III  is  extraordinarily 
frequent  on  scarabs,  both  Fgy])tian  and  native,  of  a  later  period  ;  and  its 
popularity  in  Cyprus  may,  perhaps,  partly  rest  upon  the  tradition  of  his 
former  connexion  with  the  island.  The  occurrence  of  Egyptian  scarabs, 
and  of  porcelain  and  ivory  ornaments,  in  the  Bronze  Age  tombs  has  been 
already  mentioned^;    but  beyond  these  casual  imports,  which,  here  as 

j  everywhere,  were  frequently  imitated,  there  is  little  trace  of  Egjptian 
influence  in  Cyprus  during  the  Bronze  Age.  On  the  other  hand,  in 
foreign  seldements,  and  even  in  Egyptian  tombs  from  the  twelfdi  d}nasty 
onwards,  several  of  the  so-called  'Aegean '  fiibrics  of  poUery  either  are  cha- 
racteristically Cypriote  or  are  found  in  equal  abundance  on  Cypriote  sites, 

4.  The  influence  from  the  west  is  that  of  the  M}kenaean  civilization 
alluded  to  above  (p.  18),  The  IMykcnaean  Age  is  placed  between  1700 
and  900  B.  c  by  the  find-groups  in  Egypt,  Rhodes,  and  Mykenae,  and 
this  date  agrees  with  the  best  Greek  tradition.  The  preliminary  reports 
of  the  British  Museum  excavations  at  Kurion,  1895  ^  which  assign 
Mykenaean  tombs  to  the  seventh  century,  cannot  be  allowed  to  modify 
this  view  until  they  are  supported  by  a  full  statement  of  the  evidence. 
But  INIykenean  art  has  already  passed  through  a  series  of  phases,  at  the 
point  where  it  first  becomes  datable  ;  and  the  Bronze  Age  art  of  Cyprus, 
top,  seems  to  have  existed  for  a  very  considerable  time,  before  it  becomes 
affected  by  it,  1^  their  later  stages,  however,  Cypriote  and  Mykenaeao 
conventions  influence  each  other  strongly ;  the  latter  eventually  prevail, 
and  pass  on  with  modifications  into  the  period  which  follows ;  but  there 
is' no  sudden  or  complete  extinction  of  the  indigenous  styles.         '""       ^ 

*  Ilommel,  Gesch.  Bab.  u.  Assyr.  p.  301  ff.     Pietschmann,  p.  249. 
"  Cf.  Diimmler,  Mittb.  Ath.  xi.  p.  243  :  KBH.  clxxiii.  22  :  CM.  630  ff. 
'  E.g.   'Times,'  Jan.  6,   1896;    'Academy,'  Jan.   11,   1896;    for  detailed  criticism 
vide  '  Academy,' Feb.  i,  i?96(J.L.  M.).   Also  at  6'a/awzj-,  v.  above,  Chron.  of  Exc.  p.  12. 


INTRODUCTION.  21 


III.   THE   GRAECO-PHOENICIAN   AGE. 

From  the  First  Introduction  of  Iron,  to  the  Ptolemaic  Conquest 

OF  Cyprus  295  b.  c. 

The  sites  identified  with  the  following  cities  yield  remains  belonging  to 
this  period  : — Amathis,  Idalion,  Kition,  Kurion,  Lapathos,  Marion- 
ARSiNoii,  Paphos,  Salamis  (the  Graeco-Phoenician  necropolis  is  unknown), 
Soandos  (Sinda),  Soloi,  Tamassos.  The  remainder  are  not  certainly 
identified :  Akhna,  Athidnu,  Avg6ro,  Gastria,  Goshi,  Khelonais,  Limnfti, 
]\Iari  (Tatlisugu),  INIazotb,  Ormidhia,  Polemidhia,  Xylotymbu,  Yalusa, 
Zygi.  '  Dades,'  given  on  L.  P.  di  Cesnola's  authority  as  the  locaHty  for 
early  vases  in  the  Turin  Museum,  is  the  classical  name  of  Kavo  Kid, 
south  of  Larnaka.  The  nearest  established  site  is  Larnaka  (Kition), 
where  such  vases  are  common. 

Nothing  could  be  more  complete  than  the  contrast  between  the  remains 
of  the  Bronze  Age,  and  those  of  the  fully-developed  Graeco-Phoenician 
Age.  (i)  All  the  ordinary  pottery  is  now  made  upon  the  wheel,  and  with 
the  exception  of  a  few  types  of  flasks  and  barrel-shaped  vases  all  the 
vessels  are  provided  with  a  foot  or  base-ring.  Relief  and  incised  orna- 
ments are  almost  wholly  absent,  and  the  great  majority  of  the  vessels 
found  in  tombs  are  ornamented  in  a  wholly  different  style,  with  lustreless 
black  paint,  much  of  which  is  applied  to  the  vases  while  still  on  the  wheel. 

(2)  Bronze  is  still  the  commonest  metal,  but  iron  is  frequently  used 
throughout  the  period,  and  has  replaced  bronze  altogether  for  knives  and 
swords.  The  lanceheads,  both  of  iron  and  of  bronze,  have  tubular 
sockets ;  this  type  is  borrowed  from  Mykenae :  and  fibulae  of  early  but 
not  primitive  types  are  in  regular  use.  Gold  and  silver  are  frequently 
found,  and  the  latter  becomes  very  common  in  the  sixth  and  fifth  centuries. 

(3)  Qj'linders  are  replaced  by  conical  seals;  and  both  imported  and 
native  scarabs  are  numerous  and  characteristic. 

'  The  Period  of  Transition.     But  though  the  general  characters  of  the 
two  periods  difi'er  so  widely,  there  is  clear  evidence  of  a  transidon  from 
one  to  the  other.     Tombs  have  been  found,  of  very  late  Bronze  Age  at 
Ag.  Sozomenos,  Nikoh'des,  and  Lamberti,  and  of  very  early  Iron  Age  at 
Kat/'data-Linu,  in  which  both  hand-made  and  wheel-made  vases  of  the 
same  types  occur  together,  and  a  number  of  forms  seem  to  persist  with 
very  slight  change,  especially  the  common  bowls,  and  some  classes  of 
flasks,  oenochoae  and  amphorae.    The  ornament  also  derives  some  of  its 
characteristic  motives  from  the  painted  technique  of  the  late  Bronze  Age  ; 
and  the  most  frequent  motive  of  all,  the  concentric  circles  (which  were 
found,  at  Lakshk  tu  Riii,  painted  upon  a  hand-made  fragment),  from  the  ^ 
incised   ornament   of  the  red  ware  ;  ^utthe  majority  of  the   elements   '  '  ^ 
(latticed  triangles,  wavy  lines,  and  groups  of  bands),  and__many  of  th.e       '^  ^ 
f9fBis.^.e-.  derivexi,  often  with  very  slight  modification,  from  the  later  art  ■ 
^LMx^enae,  and  we  may  refer  the  use  of  the  wheel  and  the  wearing  of, 
fibulaeTo  the  same  source.     In  fact,  at  this  point,  the  correspondence  is-' 
very  marked  between  the  pottery  of  Cyprus,  and  that  of  Crete,  Rhodes, 
Kalymnos,  the  Aegean  Salamis,  Attica,  and  Nauplia. 

The  very  early  appearance  of  iron,  and  its  great  frequency  at  this  time, 
are  a  measure  of  the  close  intercourse  of  Cyprus  with  the  Syrian  coast, 
the  only  area  in  whicfi  iron-workings  may  be  suspected  to  be  earlier. 


22  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

Cyprus  has  considerable  masses  of  iron  ore  of  fair  quality,  and  there  is 
evidence  that  they  were  discovered  and  worked  as  soon  as  the  knowledge 
of  the  metal  extentled. 

The  Graeco-Phoenician  Age  has  been  so  named,  because  throughout 
it  Cyprus  was  the  principal  m-eeting-point  of  Greek  colonists  and  traders 
from  the  West,  and  of  Phoenicians  from  the  East.  At  its  opening,  the 
T\Iykenaean  thalassocracy  is  decadent,  and  the  '  Peoples  of  tlie  Isles  of 
the  Sea '  are  being  thrust  back  before  the  rapid  seaward  expansion  of 
Phoenicia.  Tlie  state  of  the  Eastern  Mediterranean  at  this  time  is  well 
depicted  in  the  Homeric  poems,  but  the  story  of  the  Greek  colonization 
of  Cyprus  is  still  obscure.  All  that  is  clear  is  that  the  first  Greek  settlers 
used  a  similar  dialect  to  that  of  the  earlier  strata  of  population  in 
Peloponnesos,  and  that  they  were  established  in  Cyprus  before  the  spread 
of  the  Hellenic  type  of  alphabetic  writing  ;  for  the  Cypriote  syllabary  is 
shown  by  the  discoveries  of  ]\Ir.  A.  J.  Evans  (Cretan  Pictographs,  &c., 
1895=].  H.  S.  xiv.  270  ff.),  to  be  closely  connected  with,  and  probably 
dejivative  from,  the  Aegean  hieroglyphic  system.  But,  as  elsewliere,  the 
first  colonists  seem  to  have  mixed  freely  with  the  aboriginal  population, 
so  as  to  give  rise  in  this  isolated  corner  of  the  Greek  world  to  a  peculiarly 
distinct  type  of  the  Hellenic  stock,  and  to  a  local  and  characteristic  culture. 

Of  the  Phoenician  settlers  and  traders  even  less  is  known,  for  we  have 
not  at  present  any  adequate  evidence  as  to  the  character  of  the  civilization 
which  they  brought  with  them.  Their  inscriptions  are  found  earlier  in 
Cyprus  than  in  Phoenicia,  but  even  here  not  before  the  ninth  centuryj 
and  associated  already  with  fully  formed  Cypriote  pottery ;  and  it  is  very 
probable  that  here,  as  elsewhere,  they  had  no  original  art  of  their  own, 
but  borrowed  from  Cypriote — eventually  from  Mykenaean — sources, 
just  as  they  borrowed  from  Assyria  and  Egypt.  It  is  probably  more 
than  a  coincidence  that  on  the  hand-made,  gourd-formed,  fantastic  and 
composite  pottery  of  the  modern  Kabyles  in  the  Hinterland  of  Carthage 
is  retained  a  scheme  of  ornamentation  in  black  paint  with  red  accessory 
bands,  which  in  all  essentials  is  exactly  parallel  with  that  of  Cyi)riote 
pottery  in  the  centuries  when  Africa  was  first  exploited  by  Phoenician 
merchants.  But  until  the  eaily  necropolis  of  Carthage  has  been  explored, 
this  must  remain  only  a  tempting  and  probable  conjecture". 

Though  no  break  occurs  in  the  development  of  Cypriote  pottery,  and 
associated  objects  of  native  workmanship,  from  the  beginning  of  the 
Graeco-Phoenician  Age  down  to  the  Ptolemaean  occupation  of  Cyprus, 
it  is  convenient,  on  account  of  such  change  as  does  occur,  to  divide  the 
period  into  two,  at  the  moment  when  vases  and  other  objects  of  Hellenic, 
and  particularly  of  Attic,  workmanship,  begin  to  appear  in  Cypriote  sites 
and  tombs.  This  is  best  illustrated  by  the  record'-  of  shafts  sunk  at  Salamis, 
the  only  first-rate  site  in  Cyprus  which  has  not  been  ruined  by  denudation. 

The  moment  thus  indicated  corresponds  not  only  with  that  at  which 
change  is  most  rapid  in  the  series  of  native  pottery,  but  also  with  that  at 
which  Cypriote  art  in  general  attains  its  highest  artistic  level ;  only  to 
lose  thenceforward  both  its  originality  and  its  technical  finish  ;  and  to 
give  way,  though  for  a  long  while  very  slowly,  before  the  influx  of  Hellenic 
fashions  which  became  dominant  in  the  island  some  three  centuries  later. 

'■  Many  of  the  forms  of  the  earlier  Carthaginian  pottery  already  discovered  correspond 
with  Cypriote  forms  of  the  eighth  and  seventh  centuries  approximately:  cf.  Delattre, 
Tombeaux  Puniqucs,  1890;  Necr.  Punique  de  Carthage,  1896.  For  the  Kabyle  pottery, 
cf.  Goodyear,  Grammar  of  the  Lotus,  p.  381.  -'  J.  H.  S.  xii.  p.  142. 


INTRODUCTION. 


23 


The  Art  of  Cyprus  down  to  this  point  is  strongly  geometrical  in 
character,  and  this  tendency  never  wholly  disappears.  It  is  probably 
more  than  a  coincidence  that  at  the  present  day  the  native  decoration  of 
gourds,  woodwork,  &c.,  has  the  same  features  ;  even  though  in  repre- 
sentations of  men,  &c.,  there  is  some  attempt  at  a  realistic  treatment. 

But  the  geometrical  style  of  Cyprus  is  not  derived  from  the  corre- 
sponding styles  of  Rhodes,  Crete,  and  Hellas.'  Vases  of  'Dipylon'  style 
were  occasionally  imported,  e.g.  a  fragment  from  Amathus  (1894,  Brit. 
Mus.),  a  vase  from  Goshi  (0-R.  1883*  Brit.  INlus.),  and  (probably)  the 
magnificent  vase  in  the  Cesnola  collection  (KBH.  Ixxxix).  Native  imita- 
tions also  are  found  rarely,  e.  g.  Amathus  94  (Brit.  Mus.),  Athienu  (0-R. 
coll.).  The  technique  of  the  concentric  circles,  which  were  made  with  a 
cluster  of  small  brushes  attached  to  a  pair  of  compasses,  beneath  which 
the  vase  was  often  made  to  rotate  on  its  side,  is  identical  in  Cypriote  and 
Dipylon  vases  ;  and  many  other  elements  of  ornament  are  found  to 
be  closely  parallel.  At  present,  however,  it  is  impossible  to  say  with 
certainty  which  style  borrowed  from  the  other;  only  the  continuance  of 
the  bronze  trade,  the  precocity  of  the  iron  industry,  and  the  clearer 
evidence  of  early  artistic  activity  favour  the  presumption  that  Cyprus 
may  in  many  cases  have  taken  the  lead,  ^fhe  use  of  red  paint  in  any 
case  seems  to  occur  earlier  in  Cyprus  ;  and  may  have  been  borrowed 
thence  by  Boeotia,  Euboea,  and  South  Italy.  The  truih,  in  fact,  seems 
to  be  that  early  Graeco-Phoenician  art,  while  springing  mainly  from 
the  same  root  (the  later  IMykenaean),  parts  company  at  once  with  the 
geometrical  art  of  Hellas ;  and  for  a  long  while  only  comes  into  contact 
with  it  rarely  and  accidentally. 

After  a  while,  and  apparently  somewhat  earlier  than  in  the  Aegean 
ares',  Oriental,  and  especially  Egyptian  imports,  and  consequently  orienta- 
lizing motives  begin  to  appear.     The  lotos,  in  particular,  insinuates  itself 
into  the  geometrical  panels  of  the  pottery  (see  Goodyear,  Grammar  of 
the  Lotus,  London,   189 1,  PI.  xlvii-1),  and  the  'snow-man'  technique 
begins  to  be  supplanted  by  the  new  art  of  pressing  clay  in  a  mould 
invented  under  Dynasty  xviii  in  Egypt.     Scarabs,  of  steatite  and  porcelain, 
with  both  Egyptizing  and  native  representations,  are  not  uncommon  in 
eighth  and  seventh  century  tombs,  especially  at  Amathus  and  Kition  ; 
a  very  bright  blue  chalky  paste  being  peculiarly  common  and  characteristic 
(C.  M.  4565  ff.);  but  porcelain  is  not  frequently  imported,  except  from 
Naukratis  and  in  the  sixth  century.     Dome-shaped,  pyramidal,  and  conical 
seals  are  also  found,  of  porcelain,  steatite,  and  hard  stones,  such  as  quartz 
and  haematite,  perforated  near  the  apex,  and  engraved  in  the  native  style. 
The  coarser  work  is  very  like  that  of  the  most  degenerate  of  the  lenticular 
'Island-gems'  of  the  Aegean,  which  are  very  rare  in  Cyprus;  the  finer 
specimens  recall  the  style  of  the  earlier  '  Island-gems.'    The  large  clumsy 
beads  of  variegated  glass,  spherical  or  cylindrical,  are  probably  of  native 
make,  and  may  be  a  by-product  of  the  copper  industry ;   for  the  glass 
(or  rather  vitreous   slag)  is  highly  vesicular,  and  almost   pumice-like  in 
texture  (v.  p.  100,  Note  prefixed  to  General  Catalogue  of  Glass).     The 
double-cone-shaped  stone  beads  (which  first  appear  in  the  later  Bronze 
Age  "xiLaksha  tu  Riii  (p.  58),  Ag.Paraskevi, Episkopi,  Sec),  the  plano-convex 
spindlewhorls,  and  the  objects  of  bone  and  ivory  have  drilled  concentric 
circles,  or  geometrical  engraving:  one  whorl  in  the  IMuseum  (C.  IM.  731) 
has   the  tangent-circles  ^^0\o\,o^-.  which   belong   to  the  early  bone 
and  bronze  style  of  the  Iron  Age  of  Hellas,  and  occur  on  Dipylon  pottery. 


24  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

But  there  is  little  trace  in  C3-prus  of  the  so-called  'orientalizing' 
tendency  which  determines  the  character  of  those  styles  which  in  Hellas 
succeed  the  geometrical,  and  precede  the  developed  Hellenic  styles. 
:  Coni^cqucnlly  the  geometrical  is  perpetuated  in  Cyprus  in  a  continuous 
•  but  independent  development,  until  the  advent  of  black-figureTAltic  vases^ 
and  other  characteristic  products  of  the  later  sixth  century. 
-  Vases,  such  as  KBH.  xix,  xx,  xxi,  mark  wh.it  we  may  by  analogy  call 
the  '  Phaleric '  stage  of  the  Cypriote  series,  and  the  comparison  is 
probably  valid  between  the  form  "bf  the  Melian  amphorae  (though  these 
have  a  high  foot),  and  that  of  a  characteristic  seventh-sixth  century 
Cypriote  type  (C.  M.  1134  fT.),  and  also  between  the  deer,  KBH.cxviii.  5, 
cxi.  3,  Ixi  (cf.  xix),  clii.  19  (lxxiv-v,=Ashm.  Cyp.  441),  water-fowl,  &c., 
cviii.  2,  cxiii.  3,  and  '  sacred  trees,'  clii.  19,  which  are  the  principal  motives 
of  a  rare  but  very  fine  '  orientalizing '  fabric  in  Cyprus,  and  the  deer  and 
birds  of  the  finest '  Rhodian'  ware.  Cf.  Boeotian  birds  and  trees,  Mon.  Piot. 
i.  Pi.  iii ;  and  for  possible  influence  of  Cyprus  on  Rhodes,  KBH.  Ixxxix. 
This  comparatively  rapid  change  already  noticed,  between  the  seventh 
and  sixth  centuries,  maTBe  thus  summarized.  The  following  characteristic 
forms  disappear:— all  the  fibulae,  which  seem  to  be  replaced  by  buttons; 
the  embossed  ornaments  of  thin  gold  plate;  and  the  earrings  with 
mulberry-shaped  pendents,  iron  knives,  and  swords  go  on  later  into  the 
sixUi  century  at  Poli,  and  then  likewise  disappear.  The  tendency,  how- 
ever, is  already  apparent  to  replace  them  in  I'omb  Groups  by  an  elaborate 
series  of  bronze  vessels  and  articles  of  furniture  and  the  toilet,  probably  valid 
as  an  indication  of  a  contemporary  advance  in  social  and  political  stability. 
Among  the  pottery,  the  animal  vases,  rude  clay  ducks,  warriors,  and 
f  waggons  of  '  snow-man '  technique  still  continue ;  but  the  large  kraters, 
the  barrel-shaped  vessels,  and  the  globular  or  flattened  flasks,  which  are 
characteristic  of  the  eighth-seventh  century,  begin  to  disappear ;  and  the 
series  of  forms  becomes  smi^jleTj  oenochoae,  amphorae,  and  simple 
bowls  predominating.  The  characteristic  motives  of  geometrical  art  fall 
out  of  use  about  the  same  time;  first  the  distinctly  Mykenaean  survivals — 
latticed  triangles,  wavy  lines,  and  groups  of  bands  ;  then  the  diagonally 
divided  rectangular  panel  with  its  lotos  and  lattice-work  filling,  the  swastika, 

A 
the  arrow-head  ornament  ^  ,  the  tree-ornament,  and  the  archaic  water- 

A 

fowl.  The  concentric  circles  either  become  subordinate  and  disappear, 
or  take  a  new  development  in  the  '  vertical  circle '  motive,  which,  though 
it  begins  in  the  Mykenaean  Age,  and  is  found  on  Cretan  (sub-I\Iykenaean) 
and  on  Dipylon  vases,  e.g.  Bri/.  A  387-8,  does  not  become  characteristic  in 
Cyprus  till  the^sixth  century,  except  in  the  small  red  ware,  tn  other  cases, 
e.g.  at  Poll  (KBH.  xxiii-iv,  clxxx),  the  small  gioups  of  concentric  circles 
break  up  into  rosettes  and  floral  ornaments  under  early  Hellenic  in- 
I;  fluences.  At  the  same  time  first  appear  the  embossed  silver  bowls,  aijd 
an  increasing  wealth  of  silver  jewellery  of  all  kinds;  bro'nze' shields, 
helmets,  and  breastplates  (rarely) ;  and  on  the  pottery  the  groups  of 
large  vertical  circles  ^  lotos  flowers  from  Egypt  ^  and  a  new  series  of  more 
naturalistic  trees  and  birds  (Poli,  KBH.  xxii-xxiv) ;  and  therewith  the 
rosetle_  as  a  field  and  panel  filling  (especially  at  Amathus)  and  the 
admission  of  a  row  of  white  points  running  along  the  dark  bands  of  the 
ornament. 

*  The  lotos  begins  on  the  earlier  orientalizing  vases  of  the  viii-vii  century. 


INTRODUCTION.  25 

The  Period  of  Greek  Influence,  as  already  mentioned,  does  not  really  '     I 
begin  before  the  time  of  the  black-figured  Attic  pottery.     The  Museum       j 
possesses  one  specimen  of  Proto-Corinthian  fabric  found  near  Limassol       * 
(1501)  KBH.clii.  18,  and  three  of  poor  Rhodian  work,  from  Poli(  1511-1 4): 
but  such  examples  are  very  rare\    The  great  Dipylon  vase  in  New  York 
would  fall  into  the  same  category  if  anything  definite  were  known  about  it. 
The  rare  porcelain  vessels,  like  that  from  Amathus  8  (British  Museum), 
which  might  have  been  referred  to  Rhodes,  do  not  seem  to  occur  much, 
if  at  all,  earlier  than  the  first  Attic  vases;  that  from  Amathus  228  (British 
Museum)  is  dated  by  a  Ptolemaic  drachma,  and  is  almost  certainly  of 
Egyptian  manufacture  :   2503  (Amathus  293)  may  be  of  even  later  date. 

The  Attic  vases  above  alluded  to  are  among  the  most  important 
evidences  for  date  wherever  they  are  found;  for  the  circumstances  of  their 
manufacture  are  very  exactly  known.  They  fall  into  two  great  classes  : 
(i)  Black-figured :  about  600-450  B.C.  The  earlier  are  those  of  bright 
red  clay,  with  figures  and  ornaments  in  lustrous  black  glaze :  the  details 
of  the  design  are  often  incised  through  the  glaze  into  the  red  ground 
below ;  and,  in  the  earlier  specimens,  hair,  embroidered  draperies,  &c., 
are  indicated  by  lustreless  white  and  purple-red  laid  on  over  the  black 
glaze.  The  drawing  always  retains  some  of  its  earlier  stiffness,  but  the 
best  and  latest  specimens  approach  very  nearly  to  the  earliest  of  the  style 
which  follows.  (2)  Red-figured :  about  500-200  B.C.  In  this  class  the 
figures  and  designs  are  left  in  the  red  clay,  while  the  whole  of  the  back- 
ground is  covered  with  the  black  glaze.  Details  within  the  red  are  drawn 
in  black,  or  occasionally  in  thin  lustrous  red :  and  white  and  purple-red 
additions  are  very  rare.  White  reappears,  however,  along  with  the  gilded 
details  which  are  introduced  in  the  fourth  century.  The  style  is  at 
first  archaic,  but  soon  becomes  free  and  mature  (450-400  b.  c.)  and  then 
rapidly  degenerates,  both  in  design  and  in  execution  :  careless  work, 
however,  is  not  a  certain  proof  of  later  date.  It  will  be  seen  that  for 
a  short  time  the  red-  and  black-figured  styles  were  in  vogue  together  ; 
so  that  where  specimens  of  both  are  found,  the  group  is  fixed  within  very 
nirrow  limits.  Some  allowance,  however,  must  probably  be  made  for 
the  acquisition  of  vases  early  in  the  life  of  their  owner ;  and  for  the  burial 
of  heirlooms,  though  there  is  reason  to  believe  that  the  latter  custom  was 
very  rare.  (3)  Plain  and  Stamped  Black-glazed  Ware,  occasionally  left 
red  at  the  bottom,  comes  into  use  about  550  b.  c,  and  outlasts  the  red- 
figured  vases  ;  but  earlier  and  later  examples  can  be  distinguished  by 
their  shape  and  fabric.  Some  later  specimens  have  moulded  or  modelled 
decorations  in  relief  (C.  ]\I.  lyyiff.);  others  have  patterns  built  up  of 
impressions  of  palmette,  lotos,  and  other  elements,  from  stamps  like  those 
of  a  bookbinder  (C.  M.  1830  if).  (4)  White  Lekythi  (450-400  b.  c),  e.g. 
C.  M.  1698. 

The  tomb-groups  exhibited  in  the  Museum,  and  described  p.  173  ff-, 
sufficiently  illustrate  the  method  by  which  the  chronology  of  the  native 
pottery  is  established,  and  the  lamentably  slight  degree  of  accuracy  which 
is  at  i^resent  attainable  :  so  that  it  only  remains  to  summarize  the  principal 
varieties,  in  the  type  collection  which  follows  (p.  63  ff.).  The  dates  are,  as 
far  as  possible,  qualified  by  localities  ;  for  among  so  many  independent 

'  There  are  other  Proto-Corinthian  vases  in  private  possession  in  Limassol  :  Rho- 
dian fragment  from  Salamis  (Brit.  Mus.:  J.  H.  S.  xii.  312,  fig.  i  h,  cf.  136):  Naukratite 
ware  from  Salamis  J.  H.S.  xii.  141  ;,  Amathus  (1894,  Brit.) :  Corinthian  (orientalizing) 
from  A'ition  (Cesn.  Sal.  p.  226,  fig.  252),  7W/ (CEF.  T.  29). 


26  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

communiiies  as  existed  in  Cyprus,  forms  may  easily  have  appeared  earlier, 
or  disappeared  later,  in  one  place  than  in  another  :  and,  in  fact,  whereas  the 
uncontaminated  geometrical  style  varies  but  little  all  over  the  island,  the 
native  art  begins  at  once,  when  Hellenic  importations  become  common, 
to  pass  to  new  forms  and  motives,  and  to  split  up  into  local  schools. 

Messrs.  E.  A.  Gardner,  J.  A.  R.  Munro,  and  others  believe  that  the 
geometrical  and  other  Cypriote  pottery  often  found  in  tombs  together 
with  glass  vessels  and  Hellenistic  and  Roman  bronzes  and  coins,  is  of 
the  same  age  as  the  latter,  and  support  ihcir  view  by  the  a  priori 
consideration  of  the  admitted  conservatism  of  Cypriote  culture.  But 
it  is  probable  that  the  frecjucncy  of  reburials  has  been  underestimated,  as 
was  the  case  also  for  a  while  during  the  recent  excavations  at  Amathus. 
The  clue  is  given  by  undisturbed  tombs  like  Amathus  240  (Brit.  Mus.), 
where  a  distinct  layer  of  earth  intervenes  between  the  Cypriote  and  Graeco- 
Roman  interments;  and  these  indisputable  instances  are  rare\  though  they 
were  already  recognized  by  0-R.  in  the  Poll  excavations  of  1886.  The 
Tomb  Groups  from  Kition  (Turabi  site,  1894  ;  v.  below,  p.  177:  detailed 
report  in  J.  H.  S.  xvii)  point  to  the  same  conclusion.  Here  the  necropolis  is 
less  crowded,  and  reburials  consequently  less  frequent.  Graeco-Roman  and 
Cypriote  tombs,  some  of  the  latter  very  degenerate,  occur  side  by  side, 
and  the  impai?i/ed  pottery  forms  a  continuous  series  :  but  painted  Cypriote 
vases  were  never  found  with  glass  vessels  or  coins ;  except  in  one  shaft 
(Nos.  31-37),  whei-e  the  contents  o{  four  collapsed  tombs,  three  of  them 
Graeco-Roman,  were  found  mixed  together.  Mr.  H.  B.  Walters  found 
jugs  of  red  ware  with  opaque  polychrome  painting  in  Roman  tombs  at 
Kurion  (1S95),  but  nothing  with  the  umber  paint  on  the  light  ground. 

IV.     THE   HELLENISTIC   AGE. 

The  conquest  of  Cyprus  by  Ptolemy  I  of  Egypt,  in  295  b. c,  marks 
the  completion  of  the  process  by  which  the  island  is  brought  into  the 
main  line  of  Greek  civilization,  and  a  point  at  which  native  Cypriote  art 
seems  to  die  out  rapidly  and  completely.  The  chronology  of  the  '  Hellen- 
istic Age,'  which  follows,  is  very  obscure,  for  though  Ptolemaic  coins  are 
found  commonly  in  Cyprus,  the  practice  of  burying  coins  with  the  dead 
does  not  begin  to  be  general  till  Roman  Imperial  times'-;  besides  which, 
the  contents  of  Ptolemaic  tombs,  being  usually  of  slight  artistic  value,  have 
been  but  little  sought  after,  and  still  less  scientifically  studied.  Recent 
excavations  at  Kition  (Larnaka)  and  at  Idalion  (Dali),  to  be  published 
in  detail  elsewhere  •'',  confirm  the  impression  given  by  the  results  from 
Amathus,  and  from  Poll,  so  far  as  the  latter  are  intelligible — (i)  Painted 
Cypriote  vessels  disappear  altogether  early  in  the  third  century.  (2)  Certain 
forms  of  wine  amphorae  are  typical  of  the  latest  tombs  in  which  Cypriote 
vessels  occur,  and  are  themselves  replaced  by  other  types  in  the  tombs  in 
which  coins  are  found.  (3)  Vessels  of  transparent  blown-glass  make  their 
first  appearance  in  the  latter  part  of  the  Ptolemaic  period,  and  replace 
pottery  almost  entirely  in  the  Roman  tombs.  (4)  Vessels  of  opaque 
variegated    glass,    cast  on  a  sand  core,  which    appear  rarely  in   sixih- 

^  In  tombs  like  Poli  52.  II,  where  a  Graeco-Roman  layer  is  found  below  a  Cypriote 
layer,  the  later  tomb  has  luidermincd  the  earlier. 

^  Exceptions  are  Amathus  287  (British  Museum)  and  Poli  41.  II,  whence  the  gold 
earrings,  C.  M.  4099  (KBH.  p.  494)  :  roli,  CEF.  40  (J.  H.  S.  xii.  313),  CEF.  70  (id. 

■*  Kition,  J.  H.  S.  xvii.  Idalion,  Tamassos  und  Idalion  (forthcoming). 


INTRODUCTION.  27 

century  tombs — {a)  reappear  along  with  the  blown-glass,  (5)  are  never 
found  without  it,  and  (c)  degenerate  in  beauty  and  finish  in  later  examples; 
while  they  are  always  distinguishable  from  the  sixth-century  fabric. 
(5)  A  complete  change  takes  place  in  the  style  of  goldsmith's  work ;  fine 
filagree  and  chased  work  disappearing  altogether,  and  silver  going  almost 
wholly  out  of  use.  (6)  Surface  graves  come  into  common  use  alongside 
of  the  rock-cut  tombs,  and  are  marked  by  sk/ae  or  gravestones.  (7)  The 
painted  stelae,  which  are  common  at  Amathus,  seem  to  belong  to  the 
third  century,  and  represent  a  local  and  transitory  fashion.    (8)  The  short 

columnar  cippi,  with  the  formula XPHSTE  XAIPE,  which  go  on 

into  Roman  times,  seem  to  begin  in  the  second  century  b.c. 

CYPRIOTE   SCULPTURE  AND   MODELLINGS 

Representative  Art  is  exemplified  already  in  the  Bronze  Age  by  the 
ornaments  modelled  in  relief  upon  vases,  in  the  shape  of  trees,  snakes, 
deer,  and  mouflon  ;  and  in  one  case  (in  M.  Konstantinides'  coll.)  of  a 
human  figure.  INIiniature  vases,  trees,  doves,  cattle  (C.  M.  461),  and 
human  beings  are  also  added  in  the  round  as  accessories  upon  vases, 
tripods,  and  other  utensils.  Rude  clay  figurines  also  occur  independently, 
and  are  of  several  types,  (i)  Flat^and  more  or  less  rectangular,  like  a  board, 
which  is  their  obvious  prototype,  with  the  features  and  limbs  incised  and 
filled  with  white,  like  the  vases,  and  npjrace  of  foreign  influence  (CM.  462, 
KBH.  p.  33,  fig.  29  (Phoenichais,  Brit.  Mus.),  Ixxxvi;  cf  xxxvi.  Heuzey, 
Nos.  1-4).  Relief  ornament  is  occasionally  found,  (ii)  Nude  female  figures  . 
modelled  in  the  round  and  related  on  the  one  hand  to  the  leaden  figure 
from  Hissarlik  (Schl.  Ilios,  fig.  226;  Schuchh.  fig.  60),  to  the  marble  figures 
of  the  Cyclades  and  Crete,  and  to  the  figurines  of  Mykenae  and  Central 
Europe  ;  and  on  the  other,  more  closely,  to  the  grosser  and  mainly 
later  figurines  and  reliefs  of  the  Syrian  coast,  which  in  their  turn  deter- 
mine the  character  of  many  Cypriote  figurines  of  the  next  period.  These 
round-modelled  figures  are  again  of  two  main  forms  with  a  tjiird  non- 
descript series — {a)  rude  and  exaggerated  forms  with  bird-Hke  faces,  and 
often  with  enormous  earrings  which  hang  freely  from  perforated  exten- 
sions'of  the  sides  of  the  head  ;  unpainted,  with  details  incised  (C.  M.  464 
(Nikolides)  cf.  KBH.  p.  34,  fig.  32,  xxxvii.  6  (Ag.  Paraskevi);  cf.  same  type 
frequently  at  Sinjirli)  ^  [b)  Much  better  modelled,  though  the  face  is  still 
bird-like  ;  sometimes  incised,  but  often  ornamented  with  the^black  and  red 
paints  which  become  characteristic  of  the  earh;  Graeco-Phoenician  Age  ^^K^ 
(specimen  in  Ashmolean  Museum  (Ag.  Par.':  Konst.  coll.);  sp.  in  Berlin  '' 
(Ag.  Par.),  KBH.  p.  34,  figs.  31-33  spp.;  Kurion,  C.M.466,  andBrit.Mus.). 
(c)  A  number  of  most  inadequate  and  quite  nondescript  prototypes  of  what 
will  be  described  as  the  '  snow-man  '  technique  of  the  next  age.  Here  the 
main  outlines  of  limbs  an^eatiires  are  modelled  with  the  fingers  in  coarse 
clay  ;  but  eyes,  ears,  hair,  ornaments,  and  other  accessories  are  expressed 
by  "the  addition  of  separate  morsels  of  clay,  which  often  are  not  thoroughly 
incorporated,  and  are  easily  broken  away,  e.  g.  C.  M.  463  :  5402,  and 
^-  M.  5555,  where  a  moulded  face  has  been  modified  by  the  addition  of 
a  beard  ;  cf  Heuzey,  Nos.  28-56.     (iii)  Figures  of  oxen,  well  modelled, 

'  Cf.  the  admirable  essay  prefixed  to  the  Cypriote  section  of  M.  Heuzey's  '  Figurines 
Antiques  du  Louvre.' 

''■  Cf.  Tell-cl-Hesy  ('Mound  of  Many  Cities,'  1894,  fig.  in).  Spp.  in  Brit.  Mus., 
Fitzw.  Mus.,  Ashm.  Mus.,  and  Liverpool  Mus.  (9/'3/y7/i2). 


88  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

with  long  horns  and  projecting  eyes^    The  fabric  is  identical  with  that  of 
the  base-ring  ware  (No.  I.  3.  p.  37),  e.  g.  CM.  467-9  :  3321. 

Already  in  the  Transitional  Period,  and  probably  in  part  at  least  under 
Mykenaean  influences,  this  native  Cypriote  technique  begins  to  acquire  the 
rudiments  of  a  characteristic  style,  with  conventional  types,  poses,  and 
canons  of  i)roportion  and  expression,  which,  though  very  susceptible  of 
a  series  of  foreign  influences,  maintains  itself,  in  the  inferior  and  more 
provincial  work  of  each  period,  and  does  not  wholly  disappear  until  the 
IHolemaean  Age. 

It  is  worth  noting  that  the  style  of  native  Karian  statuettes  from  the 
neighbourhood  of  Halikarnassos  and  Theangela(to  be  described  shortly 
in  J.  H.  S.  xvii)  follows  exactly  the  same  canons,  and  is  affected  by  the  same 
I  influences  as  that  of  the  early  Cypriote  terracottas.  It  is  marked  by  a 
realistic  intention,  which  occasionally  and  in  detail  finds  nearly  adequate 
expression,  but  is  usually  hampered  by  an  extreme  barrenness  of  resource 
and  inadequacy  of  execution.  Hence,  on  the  one  hand,  the  tendency  to 
emphasize  and  exaggerate  features  and  attributes,  by  unduly  studious 
and  elaborate  working ;  on  the  other,  to  preserve  what  is  at  first 
sight  an  archaistic  stiffness  of  pose  and  composition.  Something  must 
be  allowed,  however,  for  the  inadequacy  of  the  native  materials.  The 
pot-clays  of  Cyprus  are  for  the  most  part  either  gritty,  or  adhesive 
from  the  presence  of  gypsum  and  magnesian  minerals;  and  consequently 
incapable_of  jieaHy  fine  modelling,  either  freehand  or~in  any  but  the 
simplest  and  shallowest  moulds.  Exception  must  of  course  be  made  here 
in  favour  of  the  finest  and  most  careful  work  of  all  periods,  and  in  jiarticular 
for  a  large  and  beautiful  class  of  luirely  Heljenic  figurines  of  the  fourth, 
third,  and  second  centuries,  most  common  at  Poli  and  Larnaka. 

The  long  narrow  proportions  of  the  earlier,  and  even  much  of  the  later 
sculpture,  and  their  excessive  shallowness  from  front  to  back,  are  largely 
due  to  the  fact  that  the  soft  native  limestone  of  which,  in  the  absence  of 
marble,  they  are  universally  made,  splits  naturally  into  slabs  of  not  much 
more  than  ^sTx  inches  in  thickness,  and  often  very  much  less ;  and  tliese 
longitudinally,  more  readily  than  in  the  transverse  direction:  consequently 
all  work  has  to  be  conceived  in  unduly  low  relief.  Moreover,  the  fact 
that  Cypriote  sculptors  never  had  the  opportunity  of  working  in  marble 
is  probably  the  reason  why  they  never  acquire  an  adequate  chisel  tech- 
nique, and  depend  so  largely  upon  the  use  of  the  knife;  which  is  appropriate 
•to  the  soft  material,  but  always  gives  an  archaic  and  exaggerated  look. 

Stone-sculpture,  however,  is  hardly  represented  before  the  Assyrian 
'conquests  in  the  eighth  and  seventh  centuries,  when  native  kings,  Greek 
settlers,  and  Phoenician  merchants  alike  paid  tribute  to  Sargon  (704) 
and  later  to  Esarhaddon  and  Assurbanipal  ^^^d  Cyprus  was  for  the  first 
time  brought  into  direct  political  contact  with  the  great  powers  of  the 
mainland.  The  immediate  and  conspicuous  result  was  the  appearance.. 
of  an  Assyrian  convention  in  Cypriote  modelling,  which,  though  it  does 
not  fundamentally  or  permanently  modify  the  native  canons,  produces 
for  the  time  a  marked  revolution  in  technique,  and  the  treatment  of 
details  and  accessories.  The  forms  become  fuller,  the  features  definite 
and  realistic,  and  the  pose  more  forcible,  while  for  the  first  time  the 
drapery    is   treated   as   a    distinct   element,    and   elaborated   with    even 

'  Cf.  the  ej'es  of  the  female  figures  of  Type  ii.  a,  l>. 

*  Stele  of  Sargon  (Larnaka),  in  Berlin  Museum.  Cf.  Menant,  Annales  des  rois 
d'Assyrie,  p.  208  ;  Zeitschr.  f.  Aegypt.  Spiache,  ix.  68-72 ;  Abh.  Berl.  Akad.  18S1. 


INTRODUCTION.  29 

excessive  attention.  The  types  of  Cypriote  armour  become  fixed  about 
the  same  time,  and  under  the  same,  mainly  Assyrian,  influences,  and  con- 
sequently the  whole  class  of  male  warrior  types,  which  are  very  frequent, 
retains  the  impress  of  this  period  most  persistently  {CM.  3147,5541-2). 

The  only  examples  of  this  style,  of  which  even  fragments  remain  in 
the  Cyprus  Museum,  are  tl;e  collections  of  votive  statues  from  Tamassos 
6012  ff.,  Dali  5723  ff.  (cf  KBH.  lii-liii),  and  Salamis  5801  flf.  (the  Toumba 
site;  cf.  J.  H.  S.  xii.  fig.  8,  9,  PI.  ix,  x),  all  notable  for  the  great  size  of  their 
chcfs-d'ceuvre.  The  Colossos  of  Tamassos  (C.  M.  6016)  must  have  been 
nearly  3m.  in  height.  The  Toumba  statues  retain  rich  colouring,  which, 
though  executed  only  in  the  customary  black  and  red,  with  occasional 
white  and  very  rare  touches  of  yellow ',  not  only  gives  an  unique  idea  of 
the  design  and  the  ornament  of  the  costumes,  but  succeeds  in  rendering 
even  the  complexion  of  the  flesh  parts  and  the  texture  of  the  hair ;  the 
latter,  in  a  boldly  conventional,  but  certainly  effective  manner,  by  the 
employment  of  incised  lines,  and  impressions  of  various  dies  like  those 
of  a  bookbinder.     Cf.  Heuzey,  Nos  84-91 ;  Brit.  Mus.  A.  59-70. 

This  Assyrian  style  might  have  had  more  permanent  and  far-reaching 
effects  than  it  had,  but  that  the  accession  of  the  twenty-sixth  dynasty  in 
Egypt,  and  the  opening  of  '  treaty  ports '  to  Greek  adventurers  by 
Psammelichos  and  his  successors,  brought  Cyprus  at  once  within  the 
full  range  of  the  influence  of  Egyptian  art ;  which  modified  the  native 
style  profoundly,  in  two  main  directions:  — 

(i)  Stone  figures  at  once  become  common,  with  foldless  drapery, 
long  narrow  figure,  stjff  formal  pose,  and  characteristic  head-dress  and 
cast  of  features.  These,  continue  through  the  later  seventh,  and  ihrough- 
oiit  the  sixth  century;  some,  in  fine  white  stone,  are  perhaps  imports 
from  Egypt,  e.g.  Amathus  91  (CM.  3076);  but  the  great  majority  are  of 
Cypriote  stone. 

The  very  striking  likeness  between  these  figures  and  those  found  at 
Naukratis  leads  to  the  vexed  question  of  the  relation  of  the  Cypriote 
and  the  Naukralile  schools.  Cyprus  certainly  was  now  receiving  much 
from  Egypt,  and  could  only  receive  it  freely  through  Naukratis ;  but  it 
is  difficult  not  to  see  a  Cypriote  element  in  much  of  the  Naukratite  work, 
and  we  have  one  probably  historical  case  of  the  importation  of  a  Cypriote 
statue  to  Naukratis  (Athenaeus  xv.  676) ;  cf.  KBH.  ccxiv  (parallel  types). 
(2)  About  the  same  time,  among  the  terracottas,  the  'snow-man' 
technique  and  the  Assyrian  style,  both  of  which  are  modelled  freehand, 
begin  to  give  way  before  the  art  newly  introduced  from  Egypt,  of 
pressing  clay  in  a  mould,  a  time-  and  labour-saving  process  which  cer- 
tainly raises  the  general  level  of  style,  but  tends  very  seriously  to  limit 
the  range  of  composition,  and  to  encourage  the  dissipation  of  energy 
in  the  elaboration  of  variants  of  a  few  fixed  types.  The  capacities  and 
also  the  limitations  of  the  new  art  were  fully — even  too  fully — appreciated 
in  Cyprus ;  and  the  earlier,  almost  purely  Egyptian  types  (CM.  5544  ff.) 
were  quickly  adapted  to  native  taste  (e.g.  C.AI.  3001  ff.,  5258  ff.,  5448  ff. ; 
cf.  Heuzey,  Nos.  57-63;  105-122).  The  older  art  of  modelling,  however, 
survived  alongside  of  the  new  art  of  moulding,  and,  further,  a  large  series 
of  intermediates  occurs,  in  which  either  (a)  the  whole  figure  is  moulded, 
and  accessories  are  added  in  plasiic  pellets  and  ribbons,  applied  like 
the  older  relief  ornament,   and  kneaded  more  or   less  firmly  into  the 

'  Statues  from  Tamassos  (Warren  Coll.)  show  green,  as  well  as  yellow. 


30  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

mass  (C.  M.  3035,  5445;  Heuzey,  Nos.  64-81);  (0)  or  else  the  outlines 
are  modelled,  and  the  head,  or  at  least  the  face,  is  supplied,  for 
greater  precision  of  feature,  from  a  mould  (CM.  5503  ff. ;  Heuzey, 
kos.  64-81). 

Hellenic  canons  had  already  begun  to  affect  the  native  style  in  the 
sixth  century;  the  marble  torso  from  Poli,  92  IP,  may  very  well  be 
actually  Hellenic,  and  imported;  but  a  well-marked  type  of  sculpture 
in  Cypriote  limestone,  and  figurines  in  Cypriote  clay,  show  unmistak- 
ably the  upturned  eyes,  strong  nose,  prominent  pointed  chin,  and 
conventional  smile,  which  are  characteristic  throughout  the  Levant  of 
Hellenic  influenced 

But  the  course  of  events  in  the  island  in  the  period  of  Persian  aggres- 
sion excluded  Cyprus  from  any  close  or  continuous  intercourse  with  the 
new  and  more  progressive  centres  of  Hellenic  art.  The  balance  of 
power  which  had  long  existed  between  Hellenic.  Phoenician,  and  native 
kinglets,  kept  Cyprus  disunited,  and  practically  neutral,  during  the 
struggle  between  Hellas  and  Persia,  and  isolated  during  the  great  period 
of  Hellenic  art;  for  the  Athenian  campaigns  in  the  Levant  (460- 
449  B.C.)  were  spasmodic  and  indecisive.  Attic  vases,  at  Poli,  testify  to 
the  persistence,  importance,  and  principal  destination  of  the  copper  trade  ; 
but  even  these  were  not  widely  imitated,  and  sculpture  and  figurines 
were  hardly  imported  at  all.  We  may  know  more  when  the  Salamis  of 
Onesilos  and  Evagoras  has  been  explored  ;  at  present,  evidence  prepon- 
derates from  the  miso-Hellenic  Kition  and  Amathus ;  of  which  the 
former  superseded  the  latter  politically  in  the  fourth  century,  and  even 
embraced  Idalion  in  its  sphere  of  influence  ^.  The  Hellenic  influence  is 
most  perceptible  in  the  stone  sculpture,  and  least  among  the  figurines ;  both 
votive  and  funerary  terracottas  seem  to  adhere  to  the  traditional  Egyptizing 
types  and  fabrics,  which  are  frequently  found  associated  even  with  imported 
Attic  vases,  and  more  nearly  represent  the  Kinrpios  xop«K7-i7p  of  Aeschylus  *. 

In  the  fourth  century,  and  still  more  in  the  third  and  succeeding 
centuries,  Cypriote  sculpture,  like  all  other  departments  of  native  art,  falls, 
into  inevitable  decay,  in  proportion  as  Cyprus  is  brought  back  into  the 
main  current  of  Hellenism.  The  large  series  of  statuettes  from  Voni, 
Idalion,  and  Tamassos  contain  a  few  works  of  tolerable  elegance,  but 
the  majority  are  almost  wholly  worthless.  The  common  use  of  red  painty 
on  the  statues  permitted,  while  it  disguised,  increased  poorness  of 
modelling,  and,  together  with  the  growing  inadequacy  of  the  native 
material  to  the  more  ambitious  models  in  vogue,  prevented  the  formation 
of  a  really  effective  style  ;  and  the  substitution,  in  imitation  of  Hellenic 
sculptors,  pf  the  chisel  for  the  knife,  completed  the  ruin. , 

The  Only  exceptions  are  the  few  statues  already  mentioned  froin  Voni._ 
(C.  ]M.  5060-9)"  and  Idalion    (C.  M.  6200-9),  and   the  small  collection 
from  Vitsada  (C.  M.  5991-7);  these  are  wrought  according  to  the  better 
canons  of  the  period,  but  just  for  this  reason  remain  merely  Hellenic,  and 
exotic  in  Cyprus,  though  they  are  of  Cypriote  limestone  and  manufacture. 

The  native  genius  for  the  manipulation  of  clay  turned  Hellenic  models 

*  Now  in  British  Museum,  Jnhrb.  iii.  243;  KBH.  p.  361,  xxvii.  3.  Tomb  Group 
dated  by  a  coin  of  Salamis  £;25-?oo  B.C.  (Six,  Classement,  p.  315). 

=*  E.g.  C.  M.  50o.:;-7  { I 'oni:'^ KBH.  ccxv.  i,  2);  5642  {/da/ion)  cf.  KBH.  xiii.  3 
{Idalion  :  =  Berl.  Mu's.  Inv.  8015,382),  xlv.  i  (Z?'w«/V/ :  =  Berl.  Mus.  T-C.  821 1,  108), 
xlviii.  I  {A'ilion]  Berl.  Mus.  'Ross  Coll.'),  ccix.  3  {Akhna,  Brit.  Mus.) ;  cf.  Heuzey, 
Nos.  1 23-1 31. 

^  Tl  Tuv  ^oiviKan>  apxh-     Isokr.  Evag.  198.  *  Aesch.  Suppl.  279  ff. 


INTRODUCTION.  3I 

to  better  account.  The  portrait  statues  and  statuettes  which  became 
popular  in  the  fourth  century  at  Poli  and  Vumo,  and  continued  under 
the  earlier  Ptolemies  (C.  M.  3211-50),  give  scope  for  realistic  treatment 
and  attention  to  the  details  of  portraiture.  And  at  the  same  time  a  more 
idealistic  school  is  represented  by  a  small  group  of  figurines,  mainly  from 
Kition,  which  are  certainly  Cypriote,  but  may  be  ranked  at  least  with 
the  average  work  of  Tanagra  and  Myrina  (C.  M.  3055  flf. ;  cf  Heuzey, 
Nos.  132-265). 

The  debased  Hellenistic  representations  of  Eros,  Harpokrates,  Herakles 
and  the  like  (C.  M.  31 61  ff.),  whether  made  in  Cyprus  (as  is  probable) 
or  not,  may  be  dismissed  without  comment. 

The  Principal  Types  and  Motives  of  Sculpture  and  Figurines. 

An  adequate  discussion  of  the  symbolism  and  interpretation  of  the 
types  of  Cypriote  sculpture  and  figurines  would  be  beyond  the  purpose 
of  this  Catalogue  :  the  best  and  most  concise  elsewhere  is  that  prefixed 
to  Heuzey's  Figurines  Antiques  du  Louvre.  The  following  notes  are 
only  intended  to  explain  the  classification  which  has  been  adopted  below. 

The  figurines  which  are  found  in  Cyprus  are  almost  without  exception 
either  votive  o\  fimerary  \  and  the  stone  sculpture  admits  of  the  same 
classification,  though  in  fact  it  is  almost  wholly  votive. 

Votive  figures  are  found  accumulated  in  sanctuaries,  and  represent 
(n)  the  deity  to  whom  they  are  dedicated,  under  anthropomorphic  types, 
in  characteristic  attitudes,  and  with  characteristic  attributes  and  emblems. 
In  this  class  are  included  the  figures  of  accessory  deities,  such  as 
'Adonis'  and  Herakles  (e.g.  C.  M.  511 2  ff.,  5136  ff.  Voni). 

(/3)  The  votary  by  ivhom  they  are  dedicated ;  usually  in  wholly  con- 
ventional pose,  engaged  in  characteristic  acts  of  devotion  or  ritual ; 
especially  in  the  act  of  supplication  or  orgiastic  dance,  playing  appropriate 
instruments  of  music — double-flute,  tambourine,  or  harp — or  bringing 
offerings  of  flowers,  birds,  or  young  animals  for  sacrifice  ;  these  generally 
stand  in  close  relation  to  the  corresponding  attributes  of  the  deity.  Very 
rarely  the  portraiture  of  the  votary  is  attempted,  but  far  more  frequently 
the  conventional  types  approximate  to  those  of  the  deity  who  is  adored, 
or  the  deity  is  made  in  the  likeness  of  the  votary.  The  series  of  statues 
from  Voni  (5001  ff.)  illustrates  this  confusion :  the  two  extremes  of  the 
series  are  perfectly  clear,  but  a  large  majority  of  the  figures  would  stand 
indifferently  for  Apollo  the  Purifier,  or  for  votaries  like  Gillikas  (5009). 

(y)  The  victijn  or  emblem,  which  the  votary  offers,  or  the  deity  accepts 
as  sacrifice,  or  bears  as  attribute;  usually  a  dove  or  a  kid;  Aphrodite 
favours  the  tortoise  (C.  M.  3277),  Chthonic  deities  the  ram  (3337-9)  or 
the  pig  (3329). 

Funerary  figures  were  made  to  be  deposited  with  deceased  persons 
in  tombs :  they  either  repeat  the  types  of  deity  and  votary,  whereby 
the  continuance  of  divine  protecdon  is  invoked ;  or,  like  the  pottery  and 
other  associated  objects,  they  represent  the  equipment  provided  by  the 
survivors  for  the  use  of  the  deceased  in  the  '  other  world.'  The  principal 
types  are — 

(5)  Portrait  statues  of  the  deceased,  standing,  seated,  or  recumbent, 
and  engaged  in  the  pursuits  of  daily  life '.     These  are  almost  confined  to 

'  Here  there  is  probably  a  more  or  less  unconscious  imitation  of  the  Egyptian 
custom  of  burving  mnny  'doubles'  of  the  deceased,  to  diminish  the  risk  that  the 
disembodied  spirit  (Iva)  might  find  no  outward  counterpart  on  its  return. 


32  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

Poll  (Marion) :  but  one  head  of  the  same  style  was  found  at  Kurion 
(1S95,  I5rit.  ]Mus.).  In  the  earlier  tombs  portraiture  is  unrecognizable, 
and  this  class  merges  in  the  next. 

(e)  Escort  of  companions,  domestics,  or  bodyguard:  including  figures  of 
women  and  children,  and  warriors,  mounted  or  on  foot.  They  represent 
probably  a  survival  of  the  primitive  practice  of  dispatching  an  actual 
escort  of  wife  and  slaves  to  accompany  ilie  deceased  to  the  '  other  workl.' 
The  unmounted  horses  and  the  dogs  are  intermediate  between  this  class 
and  the  next,  namely — 

{0  Provision  of  catUe,  fowls,  fruit,  wine,  &c.,  and  of  beasts  of  burden 
to  carry  them  (e.g.  the  laden  ass,  C.  M.  3331):  the  sacrificial  or  em- 
blematic animals  occasionally  found  in  tombs,  e.g.  the  cock,  swan,  and 
tortoise  of  Poll  20  II  (C.  M.  3257-59-77),  were  intended,  some  as 
symbols  of  the  deity,  others  to  provide  for  the  devotions  of  the  deceased 
in  the  '  other  world.' 

[t])  Toys,  trinkets,  and  heirlooms  seem  to  be  confined  to  late  and 
Hellenized  tombs;  the  motive  for  thtir  deposit  is  the  same  as  in  the 
preceding  classes  :  but  often  they  are  more  properly  regarded  as  of 
symbolic  or  votive  significance. 

GEM  ENGRAVING. 

The  engraved  stones  found  in  Cyprus  fall  under  the  following  heads: — 

A.  Cylindrical  Seals.  These  appear  to  be  confined  to  the  Bronze 
Age:  that  found  at  Kurion  (1895,  Brit.  Mus.)  being  no  exception.  The 
engraving  is  of  several  styles. 

(a)  Babylonian,  with  or  without  cuneiform  inpcriptions.     C.  M.  4501. 

(/3)  Syro-Kappadokian  (Hittite) :  especially  common  in  the  [aler  (Myke- 
naean)  Bronze  Age  :  indistinguishable  from  many  specimens  which  are 
probably  Cypriote. 

(t)  Cypriote :  of  which  there  are  several  distinct  styles  ;  one  strongly 
influenced  by  Syro-Kappadokian  models:  another  by  Mykenaean.  The 
latter  is  found  engraved  on  a  black  artificial  paste,  resembling  haematite 
(Anal.  Dr.  Weeren,  Technol.  Hochschule,  Charlottenburg). 

B.  Lenticular  Seals  ('  Island  Gems  ')  are  only  found  as  Mykenaean 
imports  in  the  later  Bronze  Age,  and  are  very  rare,  e.g.  one  in  O-R.'s 
coll.:  from  Kurion  (1895,  Brit.  Mus.)  came  a  gem  of  flat  late  form, 
with  fine  Mykenaean  engraving. 

C.  Conical,  Pyramidal,  Cubical,  and  Prismatic  Seals.  These 
begin  in  the  Bronze  Age,  and  continue  into  the  Graeco-Phoenician,  but 
disappear  with  the  fibulae.  The  style  is  geometrical,  and  generally  very 
coarsely  executed.  The  material  is  usually  steatite ;  but  finely-worked 
quartz  and  haematite  occur,  with  sub-Mykenaean  engraving. 

D.  Scarabs  are  found  very  rarely  in  the  later  Bronze  Age,  and  in  great 
numbers  in  the  early  Graeco-Phoenician,  especially  in  the  seventh-sixth 
centuries,  after  the  establishment  of  the  manufacture  at  Naukratis. 

(a)  Egyptian  imports  :  often  with  hieroglyphic  inscriptions. 

(/3)  Cypriote  imitations :  especially  in  a  bright  blue  and  very  soft  paste, 
seventh-sixth  century,  and  in  white  porcelain  with  a  poor  yellowish- 
green  glaze.  The  style  varies  from  a  close  copy  of  Egyptian  types,  to 
a  rendering  of  Cypriote  motives  in  either  a  stiff  and  geometrical,  or  a  free 
and  naturalistic  style — passing  over  into  that  of  E.  7. 


INTRODUCTION.  33 

E.  Scaraboids  and  scarabs  in  hard  stone,  usually  sard  and  red 
carnelian.  This  class  is  closely  related  to  the  latest  and  finest  specimens 
of  the  last.  The  engraving  may  be  classified  under  three  main  styles, 
though  these  merge  in  one  another.  As  many  of  the  hard  stones  must 
have  been  imported,  it  is  impossible  in  many  cases  to  say  whether  the 
engraving  on  them  is  Cypriote  or  not. 

(0)  Phoenician  (700-500  b.  c).  The  name  is  given  from  the  close 
likeness  between  these  gems  and  those  from  Tharros  in  Sardinia,  and 
from  other  known  Phoenician  sites.  The  style  closely  resembles  that  of 
the  embossed  metal  bowls  from  Idalion,  Amathus,  Olympia,  Praeneste, 
&c.,  and  that  of  the  finest  Graeco-Phoenician  paintings  of '  sacred  trees,' 
animals,  and  birds  (p.  24) ;  so  the  gems  too  may  well  be  Graeco-Y\iO&vi\c\2ia. 

(0)  Hellejiic  (600-400  B.C.).  The  finest  of  these  gems  are  indistinguish- 
able from  the  contemporary  gems  of  Hellas;  but  all  intermediates  occur 
between  this  and  the  Cypriote  style  \ 

(7)  Cyprio/e  gem-engraving  follows  Cypriote  modelling  closely,  and 
like  it  is  very  susceptible  of  successive  foreign  influences,  Assyrian, 
Egyptian,  Phoenician,  and  Hellenic.  It  never  outgrows  its  early  stiffness, 
however,  and  consequently  falls  behind  the  contemporary  style  of  Hellas 
in  the  fifth  century.  In  the  fourth  and  third  it  is  completely  superseded 
by  Hellenistic  work. 

F.  Hellenistic  Gems :  mostly  imported,  as  the  materials  show  (sard, 
carnelian,  jasper,  onyx) ;  and  in_great  part  from  Ptolemaic  Egypt.  The 
work  is  occasionally  fine,  but  generally  rough  and  tasteless.  The  gems 
are  either  flat  behind  and  before,  or  highly  convex  in  front. 

G.  Late  Conical  Seals  of  quartz  or  chalcedony,  of  rude  Oriental 
workmanship,  with  mystic  representations,  occur  rarely  in  late  Ptolemaic 
or  Roman  tombs;  e.g.  Larnaka  (Turabi)  1894,  4  (Ashm.  Mus.;  J,  H.  S. 
xvii,  fig.  11). 

JEWELLERY. 

The  earliest  jewellery  goes  back  to  the  beginning  of  the  Bronze  Age ; 
for  earrings  are  represented  unmistakably  on  the  necks  of  anthropo- 
morphic vases,  e.g.  C.  M.  92  ;  and  on  the  later  terracottas,  e.  g.  C.  M. 
464.  Xhe  ornaments  are  first  of  copper  and  then  of  bronze;  the 
commonest  are  spirals  and  open  rings,  and  several  types  of  pins  for  the 
hair  and  the  garments.  Silver  appears  in  the  middle  or  earlier  part  of 
the  Bronze  Age,  and  certainly  before  Mykenaean  influences  take  effect. 
It  is  always  largely  alloyed  with  lead,  and  has  a  light-coloured  and 
powdery  rust,  whereas  that  of  the  later  refined  silver  is  always  dark  and 
compact.     The  silver  ornaments  all  copy  the  copper  spirals  and  rings. 

G.old  does  not  seem  to  appear  before  the  Mykenaean  Age  ;  and,  except 
on  definitely  Mykenaean  sites  like  Salamis  and  Kurion,  is  very  rare  until 
the  Graeco-Phoenician  Age.  The  only  objects  from  native  tombs  are 
cylinder-mounts,  like  C.  M.  4501-2,  from  Ag.  Paraskevi;  a  gold  spiral 
from  Ag.  Paraskevi  (Konstantinides'  Coll.) ;  and  a  pair  of  large  rings, 
perhaps  a  child's  bracelets,  from  Lambert!  (1889,  Berl.  Mus.);  and  a  few 
round  hollow  beads ;  but  to  these  must  be  added  the  Mykenaean  gold 
work  from  Kurion  (1895,  Brit.  Mus.)  and  Salamis  (1896,  id.) 

Electron  is  also  represented,  rarely  and  late :   the  only  instances  are 

*  Some  have  Cypriote  inscriptions:  e.g.  Meister,  Gr.  Dialekte  (Kypr.),  p.  176,  No. 
25  m. 

O 


34  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

a  few  thin  plates  and  spirals  of  the  Mykenaean  Age  ;  an  engraved  ring  of 
Babylonian  style  (KBH.  cli.  35)  bought  at  Psemmatismdno  (Berlin: 
Liebermann  Coll.) ;  a  ring  with  Egyptian  hieroglyphic  inscription,  and 
other  objects,  from  Salamis  (Brii.  INlus.  1896) ;  and  two  pairs  of  earrings 
of  Type  c  from  the  late  Bronze  Age  necropolis  of  Nikolides  (surreptitious, 
1895,  one  pair  in  J.  Pierides'  Coll. :  one  pair  at  Nicosia). 

In  the  Graeco-Phoenician  Age  gold,  electron,  silver,  and  bronze  are  in 
^1  use  from  the  beginning  onwards.  The  development  of  the  principal 
types  is  given  in  Plate  VII  and  described  in  detail  in  the  Catalogue,  p.  121  ff. 

The  chronological  development  is  ascertained,  partly,  as  usual,  from 
tomb  deposits,  which  are  treacherous,  owing  to  the  tendency  of  gold  to 
work  downwards  b}'  worm-action  ;  pardy  by  the  comparison  of  ornaments 
represented  on  statues  of  known  style  and  date  :  though  the  reverse  identi- 
ficadon  is  more  often  possible. 

To  the  Period  of  Fibulae  the  following  are  peculiar  : — 

(i)  Thin  gold  plates  with  embossed  ornament,  sometimes  supported 
by  a  bronze  rim  :  probably  to  be  worn  on  the  breast. 

e.g.  KBH.  cxcix.  3,  Berl.  Mus.  {Kurmi,  0-R.);  KBH.  xxv.  10,  12,  13, 
Berl.  Mus.  {Amalhus  (from  Laniti  Coll.) = Arch.  Anz.  vi.  (1891),  p.  126); 

five  unpublished,  Brit.  IMus.  6.30  [Amaihus,   from  Laniti  Coll.);    one 

1-5 
unpublished,  Berl.  Mus.  {Idalion,  1894  ;  v.  '  Tamassos  und  Idalion') :  one 
unpublished.  South  Kens.  INlus.:  one  unpublished.  Louvre  (Salle  A). 

(2)  Small  circular  gold  leaves  without  ornament ;  and  pendent  discs  of 
more  sohd  gold,  of  the  same  ruddy  tint,  with  concentric  circles  in  relief 
(CM.  4377);  the  latter  are  frequently  represented  on  statuettes,  KBH. 

1.  I,  4,  5:   435/1883  {Kurion). 

(3)  Earrings  of  crescent-shape,  ending  in  loops,  which  were  fastened 
to  the  ear  by  a  thread.  Sometimes  without  ornament,  KBH.  clxxxii.  3 
(the  golden  needle  does  not  belong  to  the  earring ;  one  such  was  found 
with  the  gold  plate  at  Ktirioti);  but  generally  with  'mulberry-shaped' 
ornament  below  (CM.  8003  (Tamassos),  KBH.  clxxxii.  i),  generally  of 
deep  red  gold ;  one  known  of  electron  or  pale  gold  (0-R.  Coll.).  The 
same  mode  of  fastening  the  earring  was  used  in  Egypt  for  glass  earrings 
of  Ptolemaic  and  Roman  period;  e.g.  Turin  Museum,  No.  126. 

(4)  Gold  fibulae  of  Type  i  (cf.  Perrot,  fig.  595,  New  York:  Ashm. 
IMus.  (two  from  Paphos) ;  Brit.  Mus.,  &c.). 

In  the  Period  of  Greek  Influence  silver  is  far   commoner  than  gold, 
especially  in  the  sixth  and  early  fifth  centuries.     This  is  probably  to  be 
/^,  explained  by  the  influx,  partly  of  Spanish  silver  from  newly  established 

Punic  factories,  for  these  cannot  be  traced  back  to  an  earlier  date  in 
Spain ;  partly  of  Attic  silver,  which  began  to  be  extensively  worked  at 
the  end  of  the  sixth  century.  This  pure  silver  is  easily  distinguishable 
from  the  silver-lead  of  the  Bronze  Age  and  early  Iron  Age  (p.  33). 

(i)  The  boat-shaped  earrings,  which  begin  in  the  Mykenaean  period, 
become  characteristic  and  frequent ;  the  swollen  part  is  frequently  marked 
off  from  the  suspending  wire  by  a  pair  of  small  collars,  and  carries  pendants 
of  various  shapes  ;  the  small  pendant  cube,  with  a  sort  of  cage  above  it 
(C  M.  8007),  is  apparently  early  ;  and  the  hollow  gold  earrings  covered 
with  filagree-work  (C  IM.  4009)  are  probably  confined  to  the  fifth  and 
early  fourth  centuries. 


INTRODUCTION.  35 

(2)  The  earrings  with  animals'  heads,  with  the  exception  of  Mykenaean 
forms  from  Salamis  (pp.  184-6),  seem  to  be  limited  to  the  fourth  and 
early  third  centuries  (Type  I.  d,  C.  M.  4015  ff.).  "^ 

(3)  The  spirals  of  two,  three,  or  as  many  as  six  turns  become  common 
in  the  sixth  century,  and  disappear  in  the  fourth ;  in  the  later  fifth  they 
are  made  hollow,  of  bronze,  heavily  plated  with  gold,  and  provided  with 
elaborate  heads  and  tails  embossed  in  thin  gold  :  cloisonn^  enamel  is 
introduced  in  their  collars  {Amathiis  256,  Brit.  Mus.).  The  purpose  of 
these  was  long  doubtful,  but  is  fixed  by  statues  Hke  C.  M.  5561  ;  KBH. 
xlviii.  2,  Iv.  7.     (C.  M.  4101  ff.) 

(4)  Open  bracelets,  hollow,  and  ending  in  rams'  heads,  were  made  in 
fifth-fourth  centuries  of  silver,  or  of  gold-plated  bronze  (C.  M.  4251-9). 

(5)  The  necklaces  are  of  beads  and  pendants  (vase,  acorn,  fly,  sphinx, 
gorgoneion)  of  hollow  gold,  embossed ;  of  gold  and  red  carnelian  beads 
alternately  ;  and  of  broad  fiat  beads  of  silver,  gold,  or  coloured  porcelain, 
carried  on  two,  or  more  parallel  threads  (C.  M.  4351  ff-). 

(6)  Rings  are  common,  especially  of  silver,  either  with  large  flat  bezel  (of 
which  the  engraving  has  usually  disappeared),  or  with  a  swivel  mount, 
containing  a  scarab  or  a  scaraboid  gem  :  red  carnelian  is  characteristic. 
The  gold  rings  are  solid,  with  usually  a  narrow  hoop.  They  either  have 
a  swivel  or  a  fixed  mount  for  the  gem,  often  richly  ornamented  with 
filagree-work,  or  else  the  hoop  is  beaten  out  into  a  flat  bezel,  which  is 
engraved. 

In  the  Hellenistic  (Ptolemaean  mid  Roman)  Age  silver  rapidly  goes  out^ 
of  use  (probably  because  in  the  third  century  the  Spanish  silver  was 
cliverted  to  Rome),  and  is  superseded  by  mean  and  tasteless  gold  work. 
The  following  are  characteristic  : — 

(i)  Slight  gold  chains  with  alternate  links  of  flat  paste  beads,  and  of 
perforated  gold  plates  (CM.  4391  ff.). 

(2)  S^ajl  gold  rings  with  oval  bezel  inscribed  enAPAOCOl  in  dotted 
letters  (CM.  4155  ff.). 

(3)  Rings  of  hollow  gold  filled  with  sulphur,  _swollen  in  front,  and 
overlapping  the  stone,  which  is  usually  sard,  garnet,  or  paste  (C  M. 
4209  ff.). 

(4)  Earrings  of  types  II.  e-j,  (p.  122),  which  supersede  all  the 
characteristic  Cypriote  types  (C.  M.  4034  ff.). 

The  Byzantine  Age  is  represented  in  the  Cyprus  Museum  by  a  remark- 
able find  of  jewellery  from  Ker^nia  (C  M.  4891-7). 

Special  notes  on  types  of  jewellery,  and  on  the  fabrics  of  pottery  and 
glass,  are  prefixed  to  their  respective  sections  of  the  Catalogue. 


!k^ 


D  2 


THE   BRONZE  AGE. 

CATALOGUE   OF   POTTERY. 


The  general  character  of  the  indigenous  pottery  has  been  described  above,  p.  15-7. 
The  following  are  the  principal  fabrics. 


I.    Unpainted  Pottery. 

I.  Red  Polished  Ware.     The  clay  is  brownish  or  blackish,  of  more 
or  less  coarse  texture ;  turning  red  in  firing,  and  capable  of  receiving 
a  fine  glossy  surface,  which,  though  in   part  due   to  the  application  of 
a^ne    slip,    was    certainly    jjroduced    mainly    by   hand-polishing   with 
\  burnishers  of  stone  or  horse-tooth,  specimens  of  which  have  been  found 
;  ai  Kalopsida  and  elsewhere.     Sometimes  the  surface  is  partly  or  wholly 
'  black  instead  of  red ;  which  seems  to  be  due  to  the  action  of  the  smoke 
during  the  firing  (C.  M.  75-84).     The  forms  of  this  class  of  pottery  are 
varied  and  characteristic :  the  commonest  are  (A)  simple  bowls,  often  of 
great  size  and  furnished  with  spouts ;  (B)  globular  bottles,  with  long  neck, 
and  one  handle  ;  (C)  cooking  pots,  often  on  three  feet;  (D)  two-handled 
globular  amphorae ;   besides  (E)   composite  and  fantastic  vases.     The 
vessels  seldom  have  even  a  distinct  flat  base,  and  never  a  foot  or  base- 
ring.    The  ornament  is  of  three  kinds : — 

(a)  Many  early  vases  are  plain,  Avith  only  horns,  breast-like  warts, 
or  projections  from  the  body  or  handles. 

(d)  Incised  lines  are  scratched  deeply  in  the  clay  before  firing, 
and  often  filled  with  a  white  chalky  substance :  the  same  method  is 
used  in  the  Bronze  Age  of  Hissarlik,  Hungary,  and  the  Alpine 
lake-dwellings.  The  commonest  motives  are  zigzags,  wavy  lines  and 
gores,  chequers,  lozenges,  network  and  basket-patterns ;  concentric 
circles  are  also  found,  e.  g.  C.  M.  63.  The  patterns  are  at  first 
simple,  and  increase  in  elaboration  as  the  period  advances. 

(f)  ^(7/f/"  ornament  is  applied  in  the  form  of  ribbons  and  patches 

of  clay,  which  are  covered  by  the  red  surface  layer,  and  form  chains, 

ropes,  buttons,  and  rings,  and  rude  figures  of  trees,  snakes,  deer, 

mouflon,  and  even  men.     IMiniature  vases,  trees,  birds,  and  animals 

are  also  occasionally  added  in  the  round,  on  the  shoulders  or  rims 

of  vases  (C.  M.  44).     Relief  and  incised  ornaments  are  frequently 

found  together  on  the  same  vase. 

Tombs  and  whole  cemeteries  exist,  in  which  no  pottery  occurs  except 

this  class:   e.g.  I^alopsida  (site  A),  Alambra  (' Mavra  Ge'  site),  Psem- 

matismeno,  and  most  of  the  earthen  tombs  at  Ag.  Paraskevi.     These 

are  apparently  earlier  than  the  mixed  tombs ;  but  the  red  polished  vases 

continue  throughout  the  period ;   though  the   latest  examples  are  very 

inferior  in  modelling  and  in  the  glaze,  which  becomes  thin,  paint-like, 

and  unstable,  as  at  Kalopsida  (site  B).     The  '  Red  Wares '  (I.  4  :  II.  3  : 

p.  57-8)  of  the  Graeco-Phoenician  Age  seem  to  replace  this  Bronze  Age 

fabric ;  though  no  clear  intermediates  have  yet  been  found. 


CATALOGUE  OF  BRONZE  AGE  POTTERY.         37 

2.  Black  Slip  Ware.  The  clay  is  light-coloured  and  dusty,  like 
that  of  the  painted  'White  Ware '  II.  i  below:  but  it  is  wholly  covered 
\yith  a  thin  greyish  or  blackish  slip,  which  flakes  and  rubs  off  very  easily, 
and  is  generally  lustreless,  though  occasionally  thicker  and  more  nearly 
lustrous.  The  similar  vessels  with  brownish  or  red  slip  are  probably 
only  varieties  produced  by  over-firing. 

The /brms  resemble  those  of  i,  but  are  less  varied;  globular  botdes, 
ojten  very  small,  with  slightly  pinched  lip  and  one  handle,  apH^  one-handled 
mugs,  with  cylindrical  necks,  are  the  commonest..  They  suggest  metallic 
and  also  leathern  prototypes.  The  ornamen/,  like  that  of  i,  may  be 
classified  as  follows  : — 

(<?)  P/afn  vases  are  very  rare. 

(d)  Incised  ornament  is  common,  especially  the  seam-like  motive 
of  a  straight  or  wavyjine  with  a  line  of  dots  alternately  on  each  side  ■ 
ofit  •    •    •    •  -•   . 

•       •        •       • 

(c)  i?^'/^^/^  ornament  is  almost  confined  to  similar  straight  or  wavy 
lines,  and  has  in  some  cases  affinity  with  the  characteristic  motives 
of  3.     Figures  of  plants  or  animals  do  not  occur. 

3.  Base-Ring  Ware.^  Tjie  clay  is  dull  brown  or  black,  of  fine 
granular  texture,  with  a  leathery  surface,  which  may  be  either  a  fine  slip 
or  a  poor  glaze.  The  vessels  have  always  a  flat  base^  and  generally 
a  distinct,  and  often  a  prominent  base-ring  or  foot.  The  ornament  is  of 
three  kinds,  which  correspond  to  slight  diff'erences  of  fabric  : — 

{a)  7?^//^  ornament :  the  specimens  with  the  finest  slip  have  gores 
and  pairs  of  horn-like  scrolls  in  relief,  like  the  seams  of  a  leathern 
vessel,  from  which  the  motive  is  perhaps  derived ;  and  often  a  distinct 
ring  round  the  neck,  at  the  point  where  the  handle  joins  it,  called 
hereinafter  the  handle-ridge). 

(J))  /««W  ornament  very  rarely  (C.  M.  260). 
{c)  Pawied  ornament :  the_motives  are  derived  wholly  from  basket- 
or^net-work,  and  are  executed  in  dull  white  paint :  the  slip,  in  this  class, 
is  poor,  blackish,  or  almost  absent.  Cf.  a  hand-made  'schnabelkanne ' 
on  three  short  feet,  of  grey  micaceous  (local)  clay,  dark  grey  slip,  and 
similar  white  painted  ornament,  brought  from  Upper  Phrygia  by 
J.  A.  R.  Munro  in  1894  (Ashm.  Mus.). 
This  ware  is  confined  to  the  later  Bronze  Age,  and  does  not  appear  ^ 

rnuch  before  the  IMykenaean  vases.     Cf.  sp.  '  from  Italy,'  Camb.  Fitzw. 

Mus.  (Leake  Coll.);  sp.   'from  Hungary,'  Zurich  Mus.  No.  4094;   sp. 

'from  the  Cyrenaica,'  Sbvres,  No.  4166*;    'from  Tyre,'  id.  No.  1425. 

Cf  the  pottery,  very  probably  Cypriote,  found  at  Tell-el-Hesy  ( Petrie, 

'  Lachish,'  PI.  vii,  fig.  115;  viii,  fig.  138,  141,  144,  147-9:  Bliss,  MMC. 

PI.  iv,  184)  and  at  Kahun  (Petrie,  'Illahun,'  &c.  PI.  xiii.  31  ;  xxvii.  14). 

(C.  M.  251-267.) 

4.  \yhite  Ware  with  Base-Ring.    The  clay  is  white  and  full  of  dis- 
tinct sand- grains,  baked  very  hard,  and  guite  without  slip.     The  vessels 
are  very  accurately  modelled  after  wheel-made  prototypes,  but  are  clearly  I 
hand-made;  the  typical  forms  are  shallow  plates,  and  deepeFbowl's  with  '^ 
verticar  si(3es ;   all  seem  to  be  suggested  or  modified  by  metallic  forms. 
Cf  vessel  from  Gurob  (Petrie,  '  Illahun,'  PI.  xix.  5).     (C.  M.  291-300.) 

5.  Black  Punctured  Ware.  The  clay  is  quite  black  throughout, 
without  slip,  but  with  slightly  glossy"surrace  when  well  preserved.  The 
vases  are  usually  small  ju^s  of  a  peculiar  shape,  with  narrow  neck,  swollen 


38  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

lip,  and  small  solid  foot  (C.  M.  281-288) ;  one  amphora  from  Lamberii, 
1894,  45,  No.  794.     (Berl.  Mus.) 

The  only  ornament  is  oi punctured  dots,  either  grouped  in  triangular 
patches,  or  distributed  over  the  surface  in  lines  or  irregularly. 
This  group  in  Cyprus  was  first  determined  at  Kalopsida,  where  it  is  fairly 
common  ;  one  specimen  has  since  been  found  at  Nikolides  (Grave  6). 
It  is  well  represented  in  the  Fayum  ('Illahun,'  PI.  i  (Kahun,  Xllth  dynasty), 
(Brit.  Mus.).  Cf.  a  magnificent  specimen  with  incised  spiraTl,  SciT'fined 
with  white,  in  the  Ashmolean  INIuseum,  bought  in  Egypt  by  Greville 
Chester ;  also  similar  fabrics  in  the  Libyan  tombs  at  Ballas-Naqada,  at 
Ciempozuelos  in  Spain,  at  Hissarlik,  and  at  Butmir).  The  place  of^ 
manufacture  is  uncertain.^    Cf.  J.  H.  S.  xvii.  figs.  4,  5.     (J.  L.  M.) 

6.  Straw-plait  "Ware.  Imitations  in  clay  of  straw-plait  or  wicker- 
work  baskets  or  plates,  such  as  arc  siill  commonly  used  by  the  Cypriote 
peasants.  Rare,  and  unrepresented  in  Cyprus  Museum.  KBH.  xxxv.  4  ; 
FT.  17-170:.     Uesn.  '  Salaminia,'  p.  270. 

7.  Cypriote  Bucchero  Ware.  The  clay  is  black  all  through,  and 
the  earliest  vases  are  without  slip  and  hand-made  (e.g.  C.  I\I.  1033): 
the  commonest  forms  are  the  oenochoae  and  the  krater :  all  are  ribbed  or 
fluted  externally.  The  resemblance  to  the  earliest  '  Bucchero '  ware  of 
Italy  is  noteworthy,  and  at  present  inexplicable ;  but  may  be  only  casual. 
This  fabric  only  appears  in  the  latest  Bronze  Age  tombs  ;  it  is  character- 
istic of  the  Transition,  wliere  it  becomes  wheel-made ;  and  merges  in 
Type  I.  2  of  the  Graeco-Phoenician  Age  (q.v.).  For  the  ribbing, 
cf  Hissarlik  {Tlios,  fig.  1374-6  :  KBH.  cxlviii.  2). 

8.  Wheel-made  Ware.  Red  clay  with  brown  or  black  slip,  and 
glossy  surface  :  there  is  no  ornament :  the  vessels  are  of  peculiar  form, 
with  flat  foot  or  base-ring,  and  are  certainly  wheel-made.  They  have 
been  only  studied  at  Nikolides,  1894,  in  ^ate^  Bronze  Age  tombs.  One 
specimen  in  the  Ashmolean  Museum  {Cyp.  181),  bought  in  Cyprus  by 
Greville  Chester,  and  two  in  British  Museum  (A  67-8),  are  of  uncertain 
provenance.     (C.  M.  300(7.) 

II.    Painted  Pottery. 

1.  White  Ware.  The  clay  is  cream-coloured,  of  fine  texture,  but 
usually  unpolished  ;  sometimes  with  a  fine  hard  slip,  which  takes  a  slight 
polish.  The  clay  is  greenish  when  undcr-firedjreddish  when  over-fired. 
The  commonest  y2>/-?«.y  are  bowls  with  one  h.wTre,"and  small  sausage- 
shaped  or  gbbular  bottles,  the  latter  often  with  long  tubular  spouts,  and 
both  with  many  projections  perforated  for  suspension  (hereinafier  'string- 
holes'),  which  become  merely^ ornamental  later,  and  are  added  alongside 
the  regular  handle  (C.  M.  306  ff".). 

The_orfia?uent  is  in  black  paint,  which  turns  red  when  over-fired, 
and  rarely  shows  any  trace  of  glaze.  The  commonest  motives  are 
groups  of  straight  or  wavy  lines,  and  chevrons,  chequers,  or  triangles 
filled  with  hatching  or  cross-hatching.  Most  of  these  motives  are 
already  met  with  in  the  incised  ornaments  of  I.  i,  and  are  closely 
parallel  with  the  geometrical  motives  of  the  earlier  Mykenaean  or 
Cycladic  pottery,  e.g.  INIykenae  (Grave  II),  Schuchh.  fig.  209. 

2.  Polished  White  Ware  (C.  M.  411  ff".). 

{a)  Closely  allied  with  the  white  ware  (II.  i)  is  a  rare  and  later  fabric 
probably  influenced  by  Mykenaean  techmquCj  in  which  the  clay  is 
harder,  andThe  slip  takes  a  lustrous  polish ;  the  paint  is  always  fired 


CATALOGUE  OF  BRONZE  AGE  POTTERY.         39 

bright  red,  is  highly  glazed,  and  stands  above  the  surface  Hke  an  '  en- 
gbbe.'    The  ornament  always  consists  of  bands  of  lattice  or  chequers.  , 

{b)  The  yellow-brown  ware  with  lustrous  surface  and  brown  paint, 
which  is  found  at  Phoenichais,  is  probably  a  variety  of  the  preceding, 
and  is  in  any  case  closely  related  to  it.     [None  in  Cyprus  Museum.] 

3.  Black  Glaze  Ware.  The  clay  is  often  like  that  of  the  white  ware, 
but  is  completely  covered  with  a  good  black  glaze  or  lustrous  paint.  ^ 
On  this  are  painted,  in  lustreless  red  paint,  groups  of  short  parallel 
lines,  which  seem  to  have  been  executed  at  a  single  stroke  with  a  cluster 
of  brushes.  The  motive  is  a  common  one  in  the  incised  ornament  of 
I.  I,  and  is  closely  paralleled  on  Libyan  pottery  from  Ballas-Naqada. 
One-handled  bottles  and  bowls  are  the  only  common  forms;  the  class  is 
found  very  rarely  hitherto.    (C.  M.  401-2;  Brit.  Mus.  A  134,  sp.  Hke  402  \) 

4.  White  Slip  Ware  ('  Hemispherical  Bowls,'  &c.).  The  clay  is 
peculiarly  blackish  (red  when  over-fired)  and  gritty,  with  small  white 
grains:  it  is  worked  very  thin,  and  the  finished  vessels  give  a  metallic 
ring  when  struck.  The  clay  is  entirely  covered,  inside  and  out,  with 
a  thick  hard  chalky  slip,  quite  without  lustre,  except  after  long  use,  and 
absorbent  like  pipe-clay.  Imitations  of  this  very  peculiar  fabric  occur  in 
the  white  ware  (II.  i ),  but  may  be  always  distinguished  by  the  appearance 
of  a  broken  surface,  and  by  the  teclmique  of  the  decoration  (C.  INI.  305). 

The  ornament  is  in  black  paint,  brown  when  laid  on  thin,  and 
red  when  over-fired  ;  slightly  lustrous  in  the  best  examples,  and 
capable  of  fine  manipulation  on  the  absorbent  slip. 

The  scheme  of  decoration  seems  intended  to  imitate  the  binding 

and  seams  of  a  bowl  of  leather,  cut  out  of  a  single  piece  in  gores 

connected   at   the    base,      A   band,    sometimes   double,    of    lines 

enclosing  lattice-work,  zigzags,   lozenges,  and  lines  of  dots,  runs 

round  the  rim ';  from  this  descend  bands  of  similar  motives,  which 

do  not  meet  across  the  bottom :  the  handle  is  flat,  triangular,  and 

notched  at  the  end,  and  represents  two  slips  of  flexible  wood  sewn 

into  the  rim  at  their  one  end,  and  bound  together  at  the  other. 

The  commonest  form  of  this  fabric  is  a  hemispherical  bowl ;  but  bottles, 

and~Iarge  vases  with  distinct  foot  and  vertical  sides,  are  also  found.  The  ware 

appears  in  late  Br.  Age  tombs,  and  is  frequently  associated  with  Mykenaean 

vases.    Some  forms  are  identical  with  the  forms  of  the  base-ring  ware  I.  3. 

The  place  of  manufacture  has  not  been  identified :  but  the  fabric  is 

nowhere  found  so  frequently,  or  so  variously  and  elaborately  executed,  as 

in  Cyprus ;  and  there  are  geological  reasons  for  believing  that  the_clay, 

like  that  of  the  modern  Phini  pottery,  is  derived  from  the  decomposition 

of  the    crystalline    rocks    of    Troodos    and    jNIakhaira.       One    of    the 

characteristic  bowls,  apparently  not  of  a  local  make,  was  found  in  the 

Pre-Mykenaean  settlement  at  Thera",  now  in  the  French  Archaeological 

School  at  Athens;    fragments  have  been  found  at  Athens,  Hissarlik", 

Tell-el-Amarna^  and  at  Ttll-el-Hesy^     The  ware  has  been  described 

repeatedly,    but    without    reason,   as   '  Phoenician  ^'      Cf.    the    curious 

'  A  fragment  from  Kurion  fBrit.  Mus.  1895),  with  black  glaze  and  white  spots, 
appears  to  be  of  an  Aegean  Cretan  fabric.  Cf.  Petrie,  '  Illahun,'  PI.  i;  J.  H.  S.  xi, 
PI.  xiv  (Brit.  Mus.)  ;  Myres,  '  Proc.  Soc.  Antiq.'  ser.  ii.  vol.  xv.  pp.  351-6. 

^  Myk.  Vasen,  xii.  80,  p.  22. 

3  Troja,  1893,  p.  loi,  Fig.  50;  cf.  Schl.  Coll.  (Iterlia,  Volkerk.),  No.  8121,. 

*  Petrie,  'Tell-el-Amarna,'  p.  17. 

^  Petrie,  'Lachish,'  PI.  viii,  150-7,:   Bliss,  MMC.  PI.  4,  181. 

*  E.g.  Diimmler,  Mitth.  Ath.  xi.  (1886;,  233;  Petrie,  'Lachish,'  p.  45. 


40  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

misinterpretation  of  a   bowl   as  a  lamp  (!)    in   Benzingcr,  *  Hebraische 
Archaolof^ie,'  fig.  125. 

5.  Mykenaean  Vases.  The  clay  is  cream-coloured  and  very  fine, 
with  a  comj)act  ab:-orbent  slip  and  slightly  glossy  surface  :  the  vases  are 
always  wheel-made,  of  varied  and  characteristic  forms ;  the  ornament  of 
bands  and  grouj)S  of  lines  is  applied  while  they  are  on  the  wheel  in 
black  highly  lustrous  paint  or  glaze,  which  is  red  when  over-fired.  The 
finer  specimens  have  conventional  flower-motives  on  the  shoulder,  which 
degenerate,  especially  in  Cyprus,  into  complicated  schemes  of  triangular 
spaces  filled  with  hatching  and  cross-hatching.  A  class,  best  represented 
from  Cypriote  sites,  of  large  two-handled  kralers  on  a  high  fool,  has  repre- 
sentations of  trees,  bulls,  men,  women,  and  chariots  drawn  by  horses. 

These  vases  were  made  in  the  neighbourhood  of  INlykenae  and  Corinth, 
in  Rhodes,  in  Creie,  and  probably  elsewhere  also,  by  the  representatives 
of  a  culture  whose  head-quarters  were  on  the  eastern  coast  of  Greece 
(though  they  occupied  part  of  the  west  coast  also),  and  in  the  islands  of 
the  Archipelago,  especially  in  Crete,  but  who  had,  so  far  as  is  known,  no 
footing  in  Asia  Minor,  except  in  a  settlement  established  over  the  ruins 
of  the  older  cities  at  Hissarlik.  They  had  settlements,  in  Cyprus  at 
Kurion,  which  was  traditionally  an  '  Argive  '  colony  (Hdt.  v.  113);  and  at 
Salamis,  where  the  necropolis  was  discovered  in  1896.  Their  pottery, 
however,  is  found  as  far  east  as  Egypt  and  Syria,  and  as  far  west  as 
Sicily,  and  was  so  highly  prized  that  native  imitations  are  associated  with 
it,  almost  wherever  it  is  found  (C.  M.  430  ff.). 

Native  imitations,  in  the  '  white  ware'  (II.  i),  are  common  in  Cyprus, 
wherever  the  genuine  vases  are  found  in  any  numbers.  They  are  easily 
distinguished  from  the  imported  vases  by  their  softer,  dustier  clay,  their 
inferior  surface,  their  almost  lustreless  paint,  and  more  crudely  geometrical 
ornament :  and  by  the  fact  that  they  are  sometimes  made  by  hand,  not 
on  the  wheel.  Mykenaean  forms  and  motives  pass  over  in  force  into 
Cypriote  pottery  of  the  transitional  period,  and  largely  determine  the 
character  of  the  early  Graeco-Phoenician  style  (C.  M.  432  ff.  Cf.  p.  185. 
T-G.  80.) 

It  is  not  yet  certain  that  vases  of  the  genuine  Mykenaean  fabric  were 
made  in  Cyprus,  but  the  recent  excavations  at  Kurion  and  Salamis  confirm 
the  impression  created  by  previous  finds,  that  a^ local. school  existed,  to 
which  the  large  kraters,  as  well  as  other  groups  of  vases,  may  be  referred : 
cf.  0-R.  Miitk  d.  Anthrop.  Gesellsch.z.Wien.  xx.  (N.S.  x)  6-7,  Nov.,  1890. 

The  Bronze  Age  Pottery  is  catalogued  below,  i.  according  to  Fabrics, 
ii.  according  to  Forms  within  each  fabric. 


'O 


ANALYSIS   OF  THE   FORMS. 

I.  Unpainted  Pottery. 

1.  Bed  Polished  Ware  :  (Black  75-87).     2.  Black  Slip  Ware. 

[N.B. — The  forms  characteristic  of  i  and  2  are  nearly  the  same,  and  are  grouped 
together ;  the  fabric  of  each  object  or  group  of  objects  is  indicated  in  italics.] 

A.  Bowls — Without  handle:  (a)  1,  plain;  (/y)  12,  with  spout. 
20.  With  handle  :  (c)  with  long  tubular  spout ;  {d)  without  spout. 
41.  With  projecting  ornaments  on  the  rim  (e). 

B.  Bottles,  one-handled  :  body  always  more  or  less  globular — 
51.  a.  Neck  cylindrical ;  handle  large. 


CATALOGUE    OF    BRONZE    AGE    POTTERY.  4I 

88.  h.  Neck  taper:  handle  small :  very  large. 

111.   c.  Neck  wide  :  handle  horned  :  body  depressed. 
120.  d.  Neck  short,  with  lip. 
126.    e.   Neck  long  :  body  depressed. 

151.  f.   Neck  short :  body  globular  :  string-hole  handle  :  miniature. 
161.  g.   Long  open  spout :  '  Schnabelkanne.' 

C.  Tripod  Cooking  Vessels  :  coarse  ware  (180). 

D.  Amphorae  :  two-handled  :  body  globular  or  depressed — 
188.  a.  Neck  plain. 

194.  h.  Neck  plain  :  small  vertical  handles. 

199.  c.  Neck  funnel-shaped,  with  projections  on  the  rim. 

203.  d.  Neck  cylindrical  and  long. 

E.  Composite  and  Fantastic  Vessels  (207). 

3.  Base-Ring  Ware— (1)  Plain  (251) ;  (2)  White  Paint  (271). 

A.  Bowls  with  horned  handle.     B.  One-handled  jugs. 

4.  White  Base-Ring  Ware  (291). 

A.  Bowl.     B.  Lekythos.     C.  Krater. 

5.  Black  Ware  (281).  \ 

6.  Straw-plait  Ware  (not  in  C.  M.).  r  Forms  few  and  peculiar  to 

7.  Cypriote  Bucchero  Ware  (1033).  i  each  fabric. 

8.  Wheel-made  Ware  (300  a).  ) 

II.   Painted  Pottery. 

The   forms   arise   out    of  those   already  enumerated,  with   very  few 
exceptions,  e.g.  White  Ware,  C.  'Flasks,'  and  D.  'Fantastic  Vases.' 


BRONZE   AGE   POTTERY. 

I.    Unpainted  Pottery. 

1.  Red  Polished  Ware.     2.  Black  Slip  Ware. 

[N.B.— The  forms  of  i  and  2  are  nearly  the  same.  lj]ack  slip  ware  is  indicated 
bY^__after  the  number.  ^  Refers  to  the  Plate. of  Typical  Forms,  PL  II.;  FT.  to 
the  '  P'ormen-Tafel '  of  '  Tamassos  und  Idalion.'     Numbers  in  brackets  [  ] 

were  found  on  the  objects  in    1894:    they  seem  to  refer  to  a   former   MS. 
catalogue,  now  lost.] 

A.  Bowls — a.  Plain. 

l*-4.    One  string-hole  on  the  rim.     D.  o-275-o-i4.     (Cf.  Brit.  A  5: 

Ashm.  {Cj'p.)  1-2.)         2-3.  [  =  5008-9.]     Ag.  Paraskevi,  1885. 
5-6.    Small  projections  on  the  rim.     D.  o-i 25-0-38.     Cf.  41-3:  Ashm.  3. 
7*-ll.   Elaborate  incised  ornament  outside.     D.  o-i6-o-io.     Cf.  82-84, 

black  variety.     [Cf.  Sandwith  (Archaeologia,  xlv.)  PI.  ix.  4  :  Brit. 

A  36-7:  Ashm.  5-6.] 

b.    With  spout^.     Cf.  Brit.  A  2-3;  Lou.  A  72-3;  Ashm.  13-17. 
12-15.    Trough-spout  of  semicircular  section  in  the  rim.    D.  o-4i-o-i52. 

13-14.  [  =  5003-7.]        13.  Chain  ornament  in  relief.  KBH.cxlviii.5  a. 
16*.    Trough-spout  from  a  circular  hole  in  the  side.     [5016.]    D.  0-135. 

Cf.  FT.  5.     Brit.  A  2  :  Ashm.  15.  Ag.  Paraskevi,  1885. 


42  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

17-19.  Tubular  spout  with  funnel-shaped  rim.  D.oi  1-0-43.  19.  Incised 
ornament.     FT.  9.      Ashm.  16-7. 

c.  With  long  tubular  spout,  and  one  liandle  opposite. 

20-23*.  Handle  vertical  (20-22.  FT.  13)  or  horizontal  (23*.  [=1611]. 
[Cf.  Sandwith,  1.  c.  ix.  6j).  D.  0-12 -0-4 2.  KBH.  cxlviii.  2  b. 
Ashm.  18-20. 

d.  With  handle  but  no  spout. 

24*-25,  24a.    Shallow;    long  vertical  handle.      D.   o-io5-o-o53.     Cf. 

]^ou.  A  75. 
26*.  Rude  spoon  with  solid  tapering  handle,  jiicrced  at  the  end.    D.  0-075. 

FT.  18.     Cf.  Ashm.  8:  Diimmler,  Mitth.  Ath.  xi,  Beilage  i.  8. 
27*-29.  Horizontal  handle  (cf.  23).     D.  0-45-0-10.     Cf.  Brit.  A  6. 
30*,  32-34,  37.  Horizontal  handle,  horned.   D.  o-i4-o-i37.   FT.  25,  25a. 

Ashm.  9-12. 
35*-36.  Vide  under  266  ff.  '  Base-Ring  Ware.' 
31.    Slightly  pinched  lip  in  front.     D.  o-ii. 

38.    Bowl  nearly  spherical  :  distinct  rim  :  vertical  handle.     D.  0-5. 
30.    Similar  :  soft  black  glossy  ware.     Cf.  281-288.     D.  o-io. 
40 1.    Small  bowl  like  2.     D.  o-io. 

e.  Bowls  with  projecting  ornameiits  on  rim.     Cf.  5-6.     Brit.  A  4. 

41-43.  Groups  of  small  projections.  41-42.  One  string-hole.  D.  0-9-0-12. 

43.    Horizontal  handle  :  chain  ornament. 
44*.    Conical  bowl :   foot  broken  :   two  small  cups  and  two  birds  stand 

alternately  on  the  rim.     D.  0-15.    [Chroniques,  p.  189  :   KBH.  cxlix. 

15  :  Diimmler,  I.e.  iii.  5.     FT.  39.]     Ag.  Paraskevi,  1885,  i.  7. 

B.  Bottles — a.  Globular  or  pear-shaped :    long  cylindrical  iieck  with 
rim:  one  handle  froyn  the  shoulder  to  middle  point  of  the  neck.     All  ''red 
ware.'     FT.  47-51.  55- 
51*.   Plain.     H.  0-27.     Cf.  ^/7/.  A  1 1 . 

52.  Horned  handle :  relief  lines  on  neck,  and  wavy  line  on  shoulder. 
H.  0-21.     Cf.  Brit.  A  38. 

53.  Twisted  handle  :  bosses  on  neck  and  relief-ring  in  front.     H.  0-23. 

54.  Strainer  of  three  holes  in  neck  :  incised  zigzags.  [1998.]  H.  0-235. 
Katydata-Linu^  1883.     Cf.  .^4 .$•/;;;/.  no. 

55*-56.  A  long  spout  rises  in  front  of  the  body:  incised  zigzags.  H.  0-18- 
0.15.     56.  [=1938].     Cf.  FT.  45. 

57.  Pointed  below:  rough  work.     H.  0-19.     Kalopsida,  32. 

58.  Distinct  spike  below:  rough  work.  H.  0-155.  Cf.  Ashm.  56. 
Kalopsida,  i. 

59.  Nipple-like  spike  below  :  globular  body  :  incised  zigzags.    H.  o-io. 

60.  Egg-shaped  body:  incised  network  with  circles.  H.  0-17.  Katy- 
data-Linu,  1883. 

61*.    Handle  from  shoulder  to  rim  :  a  horn  in  front :  incised.    H.  0-172. 

62.    Broad  rim  :  incised  zigzags  in  front.     H.  0-26.     Cf.  Brit.  A  39. 

63-72.  Small  fine  specimens:  handle  from  rim :  various  incised  ornaments. 
H.  0-18-0-105.  63*  has  concentric  circles  incised.  Cf.  Ashm.  44-7: 
FT.  80:  Brit.  A  19,  20,  40-5,  49:  Ashm.  31-49:  Lou.  A  27: 
St.  Gertnain,  14705,  18088. 

73.  Horned  handle  and  string-hole  in  front.     H.  0-169. 

74.  No  handle  :  incised  gores,  plain  and  zigzag.     H.  0-175. 


CATALOGUE    OF    BRONZE    AGE    POTTERY.  43 

A   variety  of  Red   Ware   more   or  less  completely  blackefied  in  firing, 
and  highly  polished.     Cf.  236  :  Ashm.  5,  50. 

75-80.  Small  handleless  bottles:  bands  of  incised  ornament;  well  polished. 
*75.  Quite  black.  FT.  43.  Ag.  Paraskevi,  1885,  ii.  20.  76-80. 
Upper  part  only.     H,  o-i45-o-95.     FT.  42.     Cf.  Brit.  A  50. 

81.  Similar,    with    two    necks,   and    a    projection    in    front.     H.   0-135. 

KBH.  clxix.  6  d.     Ag.  Paraskevi,  1885,  ii.  10. 

82.  Plain  bowl  (cf.  7-1 1)  similarly  blackened  inside,  outside  red  with 

incised  ornament.     H.  o-o65.     Cf.  Ashm.  5. 
83-84.  Very  fine  specimens,  blackened  throughout.    83.  H.  o-o8i.    Ag. 
Paraskevi,  1885.     84.  [  =  5012].     H.  0-065. 

85-87.  Small  one-handled  bottles  like  the  preceding,  incised  but  un- 
polished ;  late  specimens  of  the  incised  red  ware  influenced  by 
style  I.  3.     (Cf.  259,  276.) 

b.  Long  taperifig  neck    and    small  handle:    very    large,  globular   or 
pear-shaped.     All '  red  ware.'     FT.  52,  53. 

88.  Plain.     H.  0-37. 

89.  String-hole  in  front  of  neck  :  incised  zigzags.     H.  0-395. 

90.  Horned  handle  :  radiating  chain  ornaments  on  shoulder.  H.  0-49. 
Ag.  Paraskevi,  1885. 

91*.  Snake  ornament  in  relief  on  neck.     H.  0-43.     Cf.  Ashm.  51. 

92,*  Horned  handle  rising  above  rim :  string-holes  on  neck  and  an  ear- 
ring on  each  side  of  the  lip  :  incised  lines  :  clay  (cf.  85-87):  form  (cf. 
126).  A  painted  vase,  like  343,  with  similar  earrings  was  found  in 
Agia  Paraskevi,  1894,  10  (Ash.  Mus.) ;  cf.  KBH.  ccxvi.  21,  22. 
FT.  84.     H.  0-325  (Mitth.  Ath.  xi,  Beilage  ii.  9). 

Laksha  (Diimmler,  1885). 

93.  Like  91.     Crescents,  bosses,  and  zigzags  in  relief.     H.  0-40.     Ag. 

Paraskevi,  1885. 

94.  Spout  in  front  like  56-57  :  plain.     PI.  0-295. 

95.  Angular  body  on  three  feet :  tubular  spout  in  front,  dull  red  clay 
and  incised  zigzags  like  85-87.     H.  0-24. 

N.B. — Perhaps  modern,  from  potteries  at  Phini ;  but  very  close  to  ancient  technique. 
96-100.  Fragments  of  bottles,  like  90  ff.,  with  snakes,  deer,  and  other 
ornaments  in  relief.     96.  Ag.  Paraskevi,  1885,  ii. 

c.  Long   ivide    cylindrical    neck,  depressed    body,   and  horned  handle. 
FT.  74  a,  c.    "Brit.  A  17,  cf.  A  14-6  :  Ashm.  102-3. 

lllt*-114t.  Incised  straightand  zigzag  bands.   H. 0-225-0-105.    112.  Red, 

over-fired.     113.   [=1768].     114.   [=1553]. 
115-116.  Red  ware  :  similar,  plain.     H.  o-i55-o-i3.     116.  [=1541]. 
117t.  Flatter  form.     H.  o-ii. 

118t*.  Seam  ornament  -^-r^-r-r   •     H.  0-7.     Cf.  FT.  74. 
119t.  Loop  handle  in  front.     H.  0-85.     Ag.  Paraskevi,  1884,  7. 

d.  Short  neck  with  lip. 

120t-125t.  Chains,  seams,  zigzags,  and  plain.    H.  0-235-0-1 13.   CI  Brit. 

A  52.     125.  Ag.  Paraskevi,  1885,  ii.  88. 
120at.   Red  slip:  lines  and  button-ornament  in  relief. 
125  at.  Narrower  form  :  incised  ornament  only.    Ta7nassos  i^Lambcrti)  ■^o. 

e.  Long  neck,  depressed  body.     Cf.  Ashm.  105. 

126t*-127t.  String-holes  on  neck :  incised  ornament.    H.  0-355-0-166 


44  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

128-139.  Similar  types  in  various  coarse  fabrics.     H.  o-o75-o-i2. 

139  a.  Larger  neck  :  handle  rising  above  rim  :  polished  red  ware.    FT.  65. 

140-145, 147.  One-handled  drinking  cups:  (^arse  brown  clay.    II.  012- 

•08.     147.  7\viiassos.     FT.  59,  62,     CI  B'n't.  K  10-12. 
146.  Neck  taper;  lip  slightly  pinched.     H.  o-ii.     Katydaia-Linu,  1883. 

f.  Short  neck,  globular  body:   string-Jiole  for  handle.     FT.  58.     Brit. 

A  53-6. 

151*-160.  Relief  and  incised  ornament.  H.  01 0-0-05.  160-  Has  a 
handle.     FT.  88. 

g.  Long  open  spout  {Schnabelkanne\  :  globular  body.     FT.  85-9. 

161.  Spout  rudimentary.     H.  0-20.     Cf.  FT.  62. 

162-163.  Spout  short  and  broad.    H.  0-2 15-0- 17.    Cf.  FT.  89  :  Ashm.  71. 

164.  Spout  short,  pointed  base  :  coarse  clay.     Kalopsida.     H.  0-185. 

165.  Spout  long,  narrow,  and  upright.  H.  0-18.  Cf.  FT.  86  :  Brit. 
A  21-2  :  Ashm.  75. 

166.  Spout  projecting  forwards.     H.  0-245.     Tamassos. 

167-168.  Spout  curved  backwards.  H.  0-155-0- 165.  Cf.  Lou.  A  24  : 
St.  G.  23447:  Ashm.  77. 

169.  Spout  short:  large  body.     H.  0-30. 

170.  Pointed  base:  coarse.     H.  0-26.     CL  Ashm.  79:  Kalopsida,  18. 
171*.  Like  166  :  elaborate  incised  ornament.     H.  0-265. 

172.  Like  167:  string-holes  on  neck.  H.  0-20.  Cf.  Ashm.  73.  Ag. 
Paraskevi,  1885,  ii.  35. 

173.  Two  necks  with  twisted  handles :  string-holes  and  rope  ornament. 
H.  0-17. 

174-176.    Small  coarse  specimens  like  the  preceding  types.      H.  0-14- 
^0-12.     Cf.  Ashm.  80. 

177.  With  tubular  spout  issuing  upwards  in  front.  H.  o- 1 4.  KBH.  clxviii. 
5.  c:  Dihnmler,  1.  c.  ii.  4:=  FT.  100. 

178.  Small  coarse  specimen  with  pointed  base.     H.  0-12.     Kalopsida,  11. 

179.  Horned  handle  :  three  string-holes  round  neck,  Ta??iassos,  Lam- 
berti,  14. 

179  a.  Incised  ornament. 

C.  Cooking  Vessfxs:    of  coarse  clay,  with  three  feet.     Cf.  Brit.  A  9, 
13  :  Ashm.  22  :  I^ou.  A  16. 

180.  Rude  and  heavy :  four  vertically  perforated  projections  near  the 
brim  secured  a  perforated  flat  cover.  H.  0-29.  Diimmler,  I.e. 
i.  5  :  KBH.  clxxi.  i4  =  FT.  61.    Ag.  Paraskevi  {Cylinder  Grave). 

181-183.  Round  body  :  wide  funnel-shaped  neck :    two  vertical  handles. 

H.  0-23-0-15.      181.  Katydata-Linu,  1883  =  FT.  60.       182.  Ag. 

Paraskevi,  i8S^.     KBH.  cxlvii.  2  :  Diimmler,  1.  c.     183.   Tamassos. 
184*.  Two  joined  together,  with  a  common  handle  at  one  side.     H.  0-14. 

Tamassos. 
185.  One  of  three  similarly  joined:  broken.     Tamassos. 
186-187.  Like  181-183:   but  without  feet.     =FT.  59.     CL  Brit.  A  8, 

12.     Ag.  Paraskevi. 

D.  Amphorae:  two-handled:  body  globular  or  depressed. 

a.  AWk  plain  and  cylindrical.     All  'red  ware.'     CL  Ash?n.  70  if. 
188.  Neckverylow:  handles  small.    LI.  0-13.    Ag.  Paraskevi,  i88^,i\.  5^. 


CATALOGUE  OF  BRONZE  AGE  POTTERY.         45 

189-190.  Neck  very  high  and  expanding.     H.  o-i5-o-ir. 
191-192.  Small  rude  pots  :  handles  very  small.     H.  o-oG'j-o-o'ji. 
193.  Finer  ware  :  incised  zigzags.     H.  0-075. 

d.  Neck  cylindrical :  two  small  vertical  handles.  FT.  104  :  KBH. 
clxviii.  4  a. 

194-195.  Rope  ornament.     194*.  Also  buttons  in  relief.    H.  o-325-o-i5. 

196.  Two  rings  in  relief  on  each  side  :  handles  very  small.     H.  0-25. 
196 a.  Deer,  &c.,  in  relief:  fragmentary. 

197.  Incised  chequers,  and  rings  in  relief.     H.  0-30. 

198.  Incised  lines  and  semicircles  :  no  handles.     H.  0-235. 

c.  Neck  funnel- shaped,  with  four  projections  like  battlements  on  the  rim  : 
handles  cut  from  a  flat  plate,  set  horizontally  and  rising  outwards. 

199.  Incised  triangles,  alternately  plain  and  hatched.     Cf.  Brit.  A  47. 
200*-201.    Incised   hatched  zigzags,   and  lozenges   or  triangles.       H. 

0-23-0-3I  =  FT.   115a.      Dummler,  I.e.  ii.  10.      Ag.  Paraskevi, 
1885,  i.  12. 
202.  Incised  hatched  chequers  and  lozenges.     H.  0-235. 

d.  Neck  long  and  cylindrical,  like  ii\  ff.:  two  s??iall  horned  handles  at 
base  of  neck.  Cf.  Sandwith,  I.e.  ix.  2  (Black  Slip  Ware).  FT.  105.  Cf. 
Brit.  A  28-9,  31,  48. 

203t-205t.    Over-fired    red :    incised    plain    and    zigzag    bands.      H. 

0-23-0-30.     KBH.  clii.  3.     204*.  A  row  of  buttons  down  back  and 

front  [1952].     205.    Tamassos  (Lamberti),  29. 
206*.    Like   194,  but  with  horizontal  handles.     H.  0-17.     =FT.  116. 

Cf.  Brit.  A  30. 

E.    Composite  and  Fantastic  Forms. 

207.    Flask :  sausage-shaped  (elliptical  cross-section),  with  four  pairs  of 

string-holes  on  its  edge.     Polished  red,  blackened. 
20^1^.  Flask  :  large  handle  on  one  side  and  three  small  string-holes  round 

the  wide-rimmed  neck :  black  slip  ware :  chain  ornament  and  gores 

in  relief.     Cf.  Brit.  A  27. 
211.    Flask  :  small,  \\  iih  standing  base  and  string-holes :  dull  red  ware : 

incised  seam  ornament.     Cf.  Brit.  A  25-6. 
213*.    Flask :  one  handle  from  lip  to  shoulder  and  six  projections  round 

the    edge:    incised    zigzags:    dull    brown    ware.      Ag.  Paraskevi, 

1894,  10. 
215*.    Vessel  in  shape  of  a  quadruped  :  spindle-shaped  body,  neck  at  one 

end  with  long  narrow  spout  and  handle  above :  fine  polished  red 

ware  [5036].     KBH.  clxx.  10.     Dummler,  Mitth.  xi,  Beilage  i.  6. 

Ag.  Paraskevi,  1885,  ii. 
217.    Bowl  with  remains  of  a  handle  passing  from  one  side  of  the  rim  to 

the  other :  black  slip. 
219.    Two  bowls  joined  by  an  upright  loop  handle:  red  ware  [5035]. 

KBH.  cxlviii.  i o.     Cf.  Dummler,  I.e.  iii.  i  =  FT.  1 3 1 .    Ag.  Paraskevi, 

1885. 

221.  Two   bowls  joined :    handle  broken :    red  ware.      Ag.  Paraskevi, 
1885,  ii.  9. 

222.  Three  similarly  joined  :  coarse  clay.     Katydata-Linu,  i^^^^. 

223.  Three  globular  bodies  with  long  necks  uniting  in  one  spout,  like 


46  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

165  ff . :  one  handle  on  the  common  neck:  fine  polished  red  ware 
[5025].  H.  01 3.  KBH.  cxliii.  8  =FT.  122.  Ag.  Paraskevi, 
1885,  ii.  10. 

224.  Cylindrical  pot  with  two  perforations  for  suspension  :  dull  red  ware 
like  211  :  incised  ornament.     Ag.  Paraskevi,  Tomb  Group  i. 

225.  Ring,  supported  on  four  tall  feet,  carrying  a  horned  cup  over  each 
foot,  and  a  bird  and  a  tree  alternately  in  the  intervals.  H.  0-2 7 5. 
KBH.  cxlix.  15  e:  Dummler,  I.e.  iii.  i  =FT.  140.  Ag.  Para- 
skevi, 1885,  i.  12. 

226.  Fragment  of  similar  ring  :  one  of  the  four-horned  cups. 

227.  Small  ring  without  feet,  carrying  three  plain  cups.  KBH.  cxlviii.  10. 
=  FT.  137.     Ag.  Paraskevi,  1884. 

229.  Thick  flat  plate  of  red  polished  clay,  bent  at  a  right  angle :  the 
inner  surface  has  a  raised  rim,  and  one  half  is  divided  by  ridges  into 
four  panels  :  mutilated  at  this  end.    H.  0-20  (approx.).   Kalopsida,  e^. 

230*.  Oval  vessel  with  two  pairs  of  holes  in  rim  to  fasten  the  cover:  incised 
ornament:  fine  red  polished  ware.  Mus.  Rep.  i.  p.  25.  CL  FT.  142. 
Brit.  A  51.     Ag.  Paraskevi,  1885,  i.  12. 

231.  Lid  :  cf.  230  :  square,  with  central  handle  and  one  perforation  for 
string  :  similar  ware  and  ornament. 

233.  Lid  round  with  two  perforations:  ornament  of  squares  and  triangles. 
Ag.  Paraskevi,  1894,  10  {Tomb  Group,  p.  55). 

234.  Similar  :  coarse  clay. 

236.  Similar:  incised  ornament :  red  ware,  partly  blackened,  cf.  76-82. 
Ag.  Paraskevi,  1884,  3. 

3.  Base-Ring  Ware. 

A.  Plain  dark  slip  :  ornament  in  relief. 

a.  One-hajidled  Jugs  ajtd  Bottles  :  globular  body  and  j^at  base .;  long 
tapering  neck  ivith  funnel-shaped  ritn  ;  one  handle  from  shoulder  to  middle 
of  neck,  where  there  is  a  ^handle-ridge! 

251.    No  base-ring.    H.  0-135.    Cf.  Brit.  A  61.    Ag.  Paraskevi,  1894,  10. 

252.^'' Two  joined  together,  on  conical  bases.    H.  o-io.     =FT.  121.    Ag. 

Paraskevi  {Cylinder  Grave,  p.  55).    Cf.  Brit.  A  58  and  spp.  fr.  Egypt : 

S.  Kens.  ^^ ;  Lou.  A  78  :  Fitzw.  No.  2 :  Ashm.  117.    Cf.  'Illahun,' 
1876  '  ' 

PI.  xxvii.  14  (Maket  Tomb). 
253-254.    Single:  in  front,  a  pair  of  horn-like  scrolls,  in  relief.  H.  o-ii. 
255-256.  Vertical  gores,   in  relief.     H.  0-15.     255.    =FT.  165.     Ag. 

Paraskevi  {Cylinder  Grave).  Cf.  Lou.  85  :  Si.  G.  19965  :  Ashm.  119. 
255*  a.    Snake  ornament,  in  relief  [5028].     Cf.  FT.  165^;    Sandwith, 

1.  c.  ix.  3  :  Brit.  (323  Warren)  A  66  :  Ashm.  1 16. 
257-258.  Two  gores  down  front,  and  cross-hatching  (257).  H.  o-i3-o-i7. 
259. 'Slightly   pinched  lip.     N.  B.    Imitation  in  coarse  red  clay.     Cf. 

Ashm.  1 3 1-3. 
260*.    Narrow  conical  jug,  slanting  backwards  on  flat  base :  one  handle 

behind:  ?«mf</ bands  and  lattice-lozenges.     H.  0-21.     =FT.  148. 

Cf  Lou.  A  21.  Ag.  Paraskevi  {Cylinder  Grave). 

261*.  Fantastic  vase  with  ovoid  body,  high  on  base-ring :  and  two  necks, 

one  open,  the  other  ending  in  a  horned  head  (cf.Figurines,C.M.  467-9, 

3321):  from  neck  to  neck  a  strap-like  handle.      KBH.  ccxvi.  29: 

Dummler,  I.e.  ii.  14.     FT.  159.     Katydata-Linu. 


CATALOGUE    OF    BRONZE    AGE    POTTERY.  47 

270*.  Pear-shaped,  on  high  base-ring :  long  wide  cylindrical  neck  with 
expanded  rim  :  broad  handle  from  middle  point  of  neck.  H.  0-28. 
Cf.  FT.  166  :  Ashm.  122  =  J.  H.  S.  xvii.  fig.  7,  8.     Laksha  in  Riu,  4. 

b.  BozvIs,/imnel-shaped,  on  base-7-mg,,with  upright  rim,  horned  handle, 
and  often  gores  in  relief  outside.  Cf  FT.  28  :  Brit.  A  63  :  Ashm.  \\\-2: 
Lou.  K  "ji. 

266*.    0.0-148.     Ag.  Paraskevi  {Cylinder  Grave). 

267.   0.0-148.     Laksha,  4.     35.  D.  0-14.     36.  D.  o-io.     Ash7n.  i\i-2. 

B.    Slightly    lustrous    slip  :    basket-work   in  lustreless  white . 

Paint.     Cf  lUahun,  PI.  xiii.  31  ;  FT.  171  :  Brit.  A  121  :  Ashm.  126-9. 

271-274.    Like  270.     H.  o-26-o-24.     Laksha  tu  Riu,  4. 
275-277.    Like  251  flf.    H.o-i3-o-i5.    276.  [  =  724].    277*.  Brown  sHp. 
Laksha  tu  Riu,  4.     Cf  Lou.  A  82. 

4.  White  Ware  with  Base-Ring  :    no  Slip.    sV^*^  ')>  ,  tvt^»  t>-Lt^  7^v»^-l 

291*.    Lekythos,    tall,   with   flat   shoulder.     H.   o-io.     Cf   Ashm.    146: 

Kalopsida,  1 1 . 
293*.    Krater  :    low  neck  :   two  vertical  handles  from  rim  to  shoulder. 

Ashm.  143.     Laksha  tu  Liiu,  4. 
294*.  Oenocho^e  :  coarse  heavy  ware  :  pinched  lip.    Laksha  tu  Riu,  4. 

Cf  Ashm.  144. 
296*.    Bowl  :    sloping    sides  :    thick  rim :  one  string-hole.     D.   0-233. 

Ashm.  141.     Kalopsida,  11. 
297*-299.  Bowl;  distinct  upright  concave  sides:  flatbase.  0.0-205-0-216. 

Cf  FT.  16  (Soliais).     Ashm.  142  (with  one  handle). 

5.  Black  Ware.     CL  Brit.  K'j'^-j^:  Ashm.  151-9. 

281-283*.    Lekythos :  punctured  ornament.    CfFT.  180.    H.  0-12-0-09. 

Kalopsida,  11. 
286-288.   Lekythos:  ovoid,  finer  slip,  plain.     H.  0-105.     286.  [=1559]. 

Ag.  Paraskevi,  1884,  7.     Cf  spp.  from  Kalopsida  11  (Ash.  Mus.), 

J.  H.  S.  xvii.  fig.  4,  and  Murray,  Hdbk.  of  Gk.  Archaeology,  p.  10, 

PI.  i.  3. 
39.    Bowl  like  38  [q.  v.]  :  soft  black  glossy  ware  like  281-288.     D.  o-io. 

7.  Cypriote  Bucehero  Ware. 

1033*.  Oenochoae :  wide  reUef  gores :  hand-made.  FT.  179.  Katyda/a- 
Li7iu,  1883.     Cf  S.  Ke7is.  257/1883  (Kurion :  krater):  Lou.  K  2^2,- 

8.  Wheel-made  Ware. 

300*.  Spindle-shaped  vase  with  narrow  neck  and  one  handle :  flat  foot. 
Cf  lllahun,  PL  xxvii.  18  (Maket  Tomb) :  Brit.  67-8:  Ashm.  181  : 
KBH.  cxxxvii.  5  a.     FT.  172.     Nikolides,  1894. 

II.    Painted  Pottery. 

Fabric  II.  4.   White  chalky  slip  on  dark  granular  ware:  black 
paint  (red  when  over-fired). 

A.    LI emi spherical  Bowls,  with  07ie  horizontal  hor7ied  ha7idle.     Cf.  Brit. 
C  5-6  :  Lou.  A  45-6. 

301* -303.^ Typical  ornament  of  seams  and  lattice:  double  band  on  rim 
from  which  seam-stripes  pass  downwards,  but  do  not  meet  across 


48  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

l^e  bottom.     D,  o-i 5-0-20.     Laksha  in  Riu,  4.     Cf.  specimens  in 
Tomb  Group,  p.  58;  cf.  Ashm.  291-2:  and  in  the  Tomb  Groups 
Jrom  Ktirion,  p.  181. 
304;   Elaborate  ornament  of  chequers.     D.  0-035.     Cf.  FT.  34. 

305.  Imitation  of  the  above  in  dusty  cream-coloured  '  white  ware'  (II.  i), 
very  small  and  shallow.  Cf.  sp.  from  Laksha  tu  Riii,  4  (Ash.  Mus.), 
J.  H.  S.  xvii.  fig.  7,  12.     Cf.  Sandwith,  1.  c.  x.  2  [shigle  rim-pattern). 

B.  Jugs,    Bottles,    4'c-    \_^o^   represented    in    Cypr.    Mus.      Cf.   Brit. 
C  11-15  :  Ashm.  201  ff. :  St.  G.  21518.]. 

Fabric  II.  1.    White  Ware. 

A.  Bowls  :  flattened  below:  distinct  rim,  and  one  horned  handle : 
broad  side-band  0/  linear  ornament:  characteristic  bands  across  bottom. 

306.  Fine  example,  strongly  influenced  by  style  of  301-304.  D.  0-13. 
Brit.  C  30. 

307*-310.  Chevrons  and  hatched  triangles  or  lozenges  (310).  D,o-ir--o8. 
311*.  Nearly  spherical:  incurved  rim:  basket  pattern.  0.0-073.     Mil  Mill  I 

Cf.  FT.  30.  iiiiliilli    ~ 

312.    Hemispherical :  seven  string-holes  on  handle  :  chevrons.     Tamassos 

{Lambcrti),  1889,  31. 
313-317.    Plain  handle.    D.  0-137-0-068.     317.  Lip  slightly  pinched  in 

front. 
318.    Fragment  of  similar  bowl,  with  tubular  spout  like  C.  M.  17. 
319-321.    Widi  trough-spout  like  C.   ]\I.    12-13:     black   slip   outside: 

border  and  bottom-ornament,  inside.     Kalopsida,  23. 
322.    Hatched  triangles :  bottom  ornament,  one  string-hole.     D.  0-165. 
323-326. 'No  handle:   slight  rim,  wavy  hues,  &c.     326.*""H.  0-07.     Ag. 

Paraskevi,  1884,  7. 

327.  Small  pot  with  vertical  handle  :  similar.     Cf.  Lou.  A  36. 

328.  Bowl    with    nearly   vertical    slightly   concave   sides,    and    vertical 


handle  :  basket  pattern  ^^^^^^^  of  straight  and  wavy  lines. 

329*.  Deep  bowl  with  standing  base  and  bow  handle  from  one  side 
of  the  rim  to  the  other  :  deep  border  of  chevrons  and  cross-hatched 
triangles  :  characteristic  bands  modified,  below.    H.  o-i6.    FT.  177a. 

B.    One-handled  Jugs  and  Bottles.     FT.  81,  83,  84. 

331*-333.  Globular :  wide  cylindrical  neck :  expanding  rim  perforate 
for  suspension:  no  handle.     H.  0-18-0-075-0-13.     Kalopsida,  11. 

334-335.  Like  11 5-1 16:  wavy  lines  and  chevrons.  Horned  handle. 
H.  0-14-0-185.     Cf.  Brit.  C  33. 

336-341.    Painted  longitudinal  gores  :  plain  handle.    H.  0-08-0-20.    336."^ 
Pinched  lip. 

342.  Like  162  :  short  broad  spout.     H.  0-14. 

343.  Like  126:  friezes  of  chevrons,  &c.     H.  0-25. 

344*-345.  Long  narrow  neck  :  two  string-holes  in  front :  longitudinal 
panels  of  chequers  and  lattice  (cf.  348).  344.  H.  0-15.  Tamassos 
(Khomazudia),  3.      345.  H.  0-18.     Laksha  tu  Riu,  5. 

346*-355.  Globular  Schnabclkanne:  narrow  neck:  broad  shallow  spout: 
handle  sometimes  reduced  to  a  string-hole :  triangles,  chevrons, 
lattice  and  basket  panels.  H.  0-15-0-105.  Cf.  Sandwith,  I.e.  ix.  8. 
Cf.  Brit.  C  45  :  Ashm.  232  fi". :  Lou.  A  33  :  St.  G.  31291. 


CATALOGUE  OF  BRONZE  AGE  POTTERY.  49 

356-357.    Body  depressed:    neck  at  one   side:    loop  handle  in  centre 

above:  lattice  above, 'bottom  ornament'  below.     H.  0-07 5-0- 122 

FT.  98.     Cf.  Brit.  C  50;  St.  G.  23442. 
358-359.    Symmetrical :  wider  neck  :  finely  drawn  panels  and  lozenges. 

H.  0.12-0-075. 
360*-364.    Spout  tubular,  with  a  wide  opening  in  upper  side:  often  on. 

three  feet.  H.  o- 1 5-0- 1 2 .       360.  Laksha  tu  Riu,  i .       361.  Tamassos 

{Lamberti).     Cf.  FT.  97-99:    Btit.  C  48-9:   Ashm.  236  flf.:   Lou. 

A  32,  40-1. 
364-365.    Three  (364;  =FT.  125),  or  two  (365)  buch  bodies  one  above 

another.  "TI.  0.155-0.115.     Cf.  Brzt.  C  61. 

366.  Two  bodies  side  by  side,  with  a  common  neck.     H.  o-i. 

C.  Flasks,  sausage-shaped :  flattened  bodies  :  small  neck  at  one  end,  with 
string-hole  or  small  handle.     FT.  94. 

367.  Neck  has  spout  and  two  string-holes.     Pattern  like  31 1.     H.  0-16. 
368*-380.     Neck   plain :    longitudinal    ornament.     (577-378   globular.) 

H.  0-65-0.135.       Cf.  Brit.  C  55-7;  Ash?n.  241  ff.;  Lou.  A  95. 
381.    Pointed  beloAV. 
382*-384.    With  distinct  foot  and  many  string-holes.      H.  0-20-0-12. 

Cf.  FT.  95  <5. 

D.  Fantastic  Vases  :  same  techftique  and  ornaments. 

385.  In  the  form  of  a  hollow  ring  :  neck  in  the  same  plane  :  one  small 
handle.     Cf.  FT.  138. 

386.  In  the  form  of  a  hollow  ring :  the  neck  rises  above  the  ring  :  loop 
handle  across.  Cf.  Libyan  and  Pioto-Corinthian  forms:  Brit. 
C  64-5:  L.OU.  A  47:  Schl.  'Ilios,'  fig.  1392.     H.  0-032.  =FT.  136. 

-      Cf.  Diimmler,  I.e.  i.  9.     Ag.  Paraskevi^  1894,  10. 

387.  Fish-shaped:  plain  spout  for  head:  two  perforated  fins.  [697.] 
KBH.  clvii.  2.      =  FT.  161.     Lapithos. 

388-389.  Animal-shaped.  H.  0-055,  Cf.^J/^w.  247-50.  Ag.Paraskevi, 
1885. 

400.  Pear-shaped,  on  foot :  coarse  clay,  red  painted  7|f ;  part  of  a  com- 
posite vase.     H.  0-12.     =FT.  126  a.     Ag.  Paraskevi,  1884,  7. 

401-402.   Vide  below,  Fabric  II.  3. 

Fabric  II.  2.    Polished  White  "Ware  with   lustrous  Red  Paint. 

Bnt.  C  65.     "■ 

411,   Three  globular  bowls,  joined  in  line,  on  small  feet,  with  one  tall 

horned  handle.   KBH.  clxx.  9  c.    =FT.  132.   Ag.  Paraskevi,  iS^^,ll. 
412*-413.    Globular  body  ;  wide  cylindiical  neck  :  two  small  handles  on 

shoulder.    [1608,1612.]    H.  0-155.   KBH.  clxx.  10  a.    =FT.  114. 

Ag.  Paraskevi,  1884. 
414.    Coarse  lustreless  imitation  of  412-413.     H.  0-103. 
415?f'Like  336  flf. :    strainer  in  mouth:    lattice  gores.     KBH.  clxx.  10. 

=  FT.  93.     Ag.  Paraskevi. 

416.  Like  163  :  on  three  feet.     H.  0-183.    Ag.  Paraskevi,  1 884-1 885. 

417.  Same  fabric.     H.  0-13. 

Fabric  II.  3.   Black  Slip  on  "White  "Ware  :  lustreless  Red  Paint. 

401.  Bowl  like  27  fF.  [1570].  D.  0-134,  402.  Jug  like  340  [1590]. 
H.  0-19.     Cf.  Bnt.  A.  134. 

£ 


50  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 


/ 


5.    Mykenaean    Fabric :    {a)    Getiuine   imported  vases.     Cf.    Brit. 
A  321-7. 

430.  BiigelkanneC stirrup-handled  amphora').  H.o-ops.  [753'Mykenae': 
IMS.  Cat.] 

431.  Pear-shaped  amphora  on  tall  foot,  with  three  small  handles  and 
nnnn  ornament  on  the  shoulder  ^    H. 0-145.    Lakslia  tu  Riii,\^cfi,  ^. 

441.  Ei,^g-shaped  body  and  narrow  neck,  with  two  small  vertical  handles 
(prototype  of  1009-11);  greenish  clay:  lustrous  brown  paint: 
probably  Rhodian  fabric  of  Mykenaean  [78].     H.  0-13. 

445-446.  Fragments  of  Mykenaean  ware,  from  the  surface  at  Lapithos. 

{b)  Amative  imitations :   White  Ware,  II.  i.     Cf.  Brit.  A  328. 

432.  Small  i)0t  with  vertical  sides  and  three  handles.     KBH.  clii.  4. 

433.  Small  pot  with  vertical  sides  and  two  handles  :  very  rude  work. 
H.  0-067.     Cf.  Lou.  A  94. 

434.  Eugclkanne  :  large  late  form  :  elaborate  triangle-ornament.  H,  0-38. 
Lapithos"^.  Cf.  one  with  Rhodian  octopus  ornament,  Kurion,  1895, 
Brit.  Mus. 

435.^  Biigclkanne:  smaller,  globular:  similar  ornament.  [869.]  H.  0-14. 
Lapithos  '^. 

436.  Biigelkanne:  diminutive:  degenerate.  H.  0-085.  Ci.  Ashm.  ^11-2. 
Kuldia,  6. 

437.  One-handled  jug;  body  and  ornament  like  436  [177°]-     H.  0-12. 

438.  One-handled  jug  on  foot :  concave  sides  and  angular  shoulder : 
grey  clay  and  dull  black  paint :  friezes  of  hatched  triangles,  arch- 
pattern  ^7?^^/??^^,  &c.     H.  0-165. 

439. :  Amphora  with  horizontal  handles:   similar  ornaments.     H.  0-125. 

?  Kuklia,  6.     Cf.  Brit.  A  446  (Kamiros). 
440.'  Amphora   with    expanding   lip:    broad    bands    and   wavy   lines. 
H.  0-135.     Ktiklia,  12. 
[N.  B.   This  specimen  is  exhibited  here  to^show  the  transition  from  Mykenaean^ 
to_Graeco-Phoenician  pottery.      Cf.  C.  M.  1040-1-2  (oenochoae)  from  the  same 
tomb;  112S-32  (amphorae)  ;'ii33  (hydria).] 

441,  445,  446.   Vide  '  Genuine  imported  vases  '  above. 

442*.  Fantastic  vase  :  body  on  foot  with  vertical  sides :  spout  excentric, 
balanced  by  a  horned  head,  with  two  loop-handles  between  (cf.  261): 
ornament  of  elaborate  triangles  (cf.  435).    =FT.  161.  KBH.  civil.  2.  d. 

447  *^    (1169.)    Cylindrical  bottle  with  broad  lip,  and  two  loop-handles 

on   shoulder;    three  friezes  of  lattice  triangles.      Cf.  Ashm.   413. 

Kuklia,  6. 
448*^    (1170.)    Similar:  two  projections  instead  of  handles :  broad  lip. 

Kuklia,  12. 
449*^    (1171.)   Similar,  one  handle  from  neck  to  shoulder:  distinct  fool. 

Kuklia,  1 2 . 

1  A  similar  sp.,  bought  formerly  at  a  sale  of  'duplicates'  at  the   Museum,  was 
recently  (1S94)  in  a  private  collection  in  Nicosia. 

2  434,  435,  387  were  found  together,  and  445,  446  very  near.     The  rest  of  the  tomb 
is  in  the  Berlin  Museum.     KBH.  xcviii.  1,  clvii.  2. 

^  447-449  are  of  the  same  grey  clay  as  438. 


CATALOGUE    OF    BRONZE    AGE    TERRACOTTAS.  5 1 


FIGURINES. 

461.  Fragment  of  a  horned  animal  or  bird.  White  ware,  with  painted 
rectilinear  ornament. 

Female  Figures.     (Vide  Introduction,  p.  27.) 

462*.  Type  I.  Obloiig  flattened  pellet  of  ill-baked  clay  with  indications 
of  hair,  face,  and  arms.  Cf.  KBH.  Ixxxvi,  cxlvi.  3  B,  clxxiii.  2 of. 
Louvre,  Cypr.  No.  i.  Ag.  Paraskevi,  1894,  10. 

463.  Tj'pe  II  c.  Upper  part  of  a  female  figure  with  breasts  indicated 
by  separate  pellets  of  clay  (cf.  C.  M.  5402),  nose  by  a  pinched-up 
ridge,  eyes  and  navel  by  deep  punctures,  and  mouth  by  an  incision  : 
attachments  for  earrings  on  side  of  head  :  left  arm  broken.  The 
right  arm  is  raised  with  the  hand  in  front  of  the  forehead,  in  an 
attitude  of  mourning.  (Cf.  sp.  from  Kurton,  1895  (Brit.  Mus.) : 
a  similar  bronze  figure  from  Crete,  in  the  Ashm.  Mus.,  Oxford,  and 
Louvre,  No.  4.)    KBH.  cxlviii.  9  a,  clxxiii.  23  a.    Ag.  Paraskevi,  1 885. 

464*.  Type  II  a.  Female  figure  modelled  naked,  with  wide  hips,  and 
hands  on  breasts,  like  the  Cycladic  marble  statuettes,  but  with  bird- 
like face  with  enormous  ear-flanges  perforated  for  four  movable 
clay  earrings,  of  which  one  remains.  No  paint :  ornament  incised. 
Cf.  KBH.  xxxvii.  6  {Berl.  109):  Brit.  T.  C.  Cypr.  120  and  Kurion, 
1895  (sp.  holding  a  bird).  Cf.  Heuzey,  pi.  iv.  6:  Bliss,  MjNIC. 
p.  68,  fig.  III.     H.  o-ri6.     Nikolides,  1895. 

465.  Similar  figure  with  nose-ritig;  from  the  Bronze  Age  necropolis  near 
Kythrea  (Khytroi).  [Long  missing,  but  referred  to  in  the  MS. 
Report  on  Kurion,  1883-84,  p.  30  (0-R :  in  Cyprus  Museum); 
and  thus  described  by  M.  Reinach  (Chroniques,  p.  187) — '  Une 
figure  de  femme  nue  en  argile  avec  coiffure  dgyptienne,  pelvis 
triangulaire,  et  nombril  tr^s  accentu^,  qui  porte,  detail  nouveau,  un 
grand  anneau  pass^  dans  le  nez.']     Cf.  Louvre,  No.  2. 

466.  Type  II  b.  Female  figure  (head  only),  with  bird-like  face  and 
conspicuous  eyes  :  black  and  red  paint.  Cf.  Sandwith,  1.  c,  x.  4  ; 
KBH.  clxxii.  17  t;  Heuzey,  pi.  ii.  6:  Louvre,  No.  3.  (Not  yet 
exhibited:  cf.  Tomb  Groups,  p.  181.)     Kurion  (1895),  100. 

3145?^q.  v.]  Genre  Group.  '  Snow-man '  technique,  Type  lie :  a  woman 
grinding  corn,  with  a  saddle-quern  like  C.  M.  471-8  :  in  front 
a  large  vessel  to  hold  the  flour :  a  child,  seated  opposite,  holds 
a  sieve.  [433.]  [341-  (Warren)  Tamassos.]  Journ.  Cypr.  Stud.  i. 
pi.  I  ;  KBH.  clxxiii.  19  h.  Cf.  Dummler,  Mitth.  Ath.  xiii.  286, 
and  later  figurines  from  Phoenicia  (Louvre).      Kurion,  1883  (0-R). 

Oxen.  Type  III.  The  fabric  is  identical  with  that  of  the  base-ring 
ware  (p.  37),  carefully  and  vigorously  modelled  :  body  and  horns  long, 
legs  short  :  eyes  with  distinct  iris  and  pupil  added  by  pellets  of  clay.  Cf. 
the  modelled  head  of  the  vase,  C.  M.  261  :  Brit.  A  132  :  Lou.  A  176-9. 

467-469.  (Not  yet  exhibited  :  vide  Tomb  Groups,  p.  181.)  467.  Kurion 
(1895),  27.  468.  ^«nb«  (1895),  105.  469.  Head  only.  Kurion 
(1895),  87. 

3321'^.    Similar :  catalogued  in  General  Collection  of  Terracottas,  q.  v. 

Birds.    3275-6,  from  the  edge  of  a  cup,  are  perhaps  of  the  Bronze  Age. 

E  2 


52  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 


STONE    IMPLEMENTS. 

j  Palaeolithic  Implements  have  not  been  observed  in  Cyprus,  and  Neo- 
jlu^hic  are  very  rare.  The  specimens  described  below  are  all  of  the 
/Bronze  Age  or  later.  Cf.  jade  fragments  from  Kiin'on  {Myk.  St/e),  1895 
I  (Brit.  Mus.  96/2/1.  81  flf.). 

470.  Celt  of  greenstone  ?  of  the  usual  Levantine  type,  with  swollen 
conical  outline,  and  somewhat  obtuse  cutting  edge.  (Not  yet 
exhibited:   vide  p.  181.)     Kurion  (1895),  46. 

Corn-rubbers.  Of  volcanic  rock,  oval,  convex  one  side,  worn  flat 
the  other :  somedmes  the  ends  are  less  worn  than  the  middle,  on  the  flat 
bide :  used  upon  a  large  flat  bed  (saddle-qucrn),  fragments  of  which  have 
been  noted  at  Kalopsida,  Leondari-Vuno,  Nikolides,  A.  Sozomenos, 
A.  Paraskevi,  Alambra :  both  in  tombs  and  on  sites  of  settlements. 
Similar  stones  are  common  at  Hissarlik.     Cf  CM.  5152.  Voni. 

471.  Psemmatismeno :  settlement.     1885.     L. -36.     B. -16. 
472-478.    A.  Paraskevi,  Kalopsida,  &c.     L.  •24-- 10. 
479-480.    [v.  below.] 

Whetstones.     Cf.  KBH.  cxlvi.  9  B.     Cf  9  A  (Hissarlik). 

481-483.  Quadrangular,  tapering,  oblique  string-hole  in  thicker  end. 
L.  •103—08. 

484.  Quadrangular,  tapering.     L.  -052.     Kalopsida,  10. 

485.  Flat:  transversely  perforated  at  one  end.  [5045.]  L.  -105.  Ag. 
Paraskevi  ? 

486-487.  Flat :  transversely  perforated  at  one  end.  L.  •085-0-33.  Kalo- 
psida, 26.     Cf.  Leondari  Viino,  J.  H.  S.  xi.  p.  12. 

Touchstones. 

488.  Bronze  Age.     Flat  :  quadrangular.     L.  -09. 

489.  Early  Gr.-Phoen.     Hemispherical.    D.  -025.     Amathus,  9. 

490.  Early  Gr.-Phoen.  Cylindrical:  rubbed  on  one  side.  L.-05.  Amathus,^. 

Hammerstones. 
491.''^- Oval :  transversely  bored.     Cf  KBH.  cxlix.  18.  20. 

492.  Oval:  transversely  bored.     Taviassos,  1889. 

Corn-Bruisers,  &c. 

493.  Conical.     L.  -045.     Kalopsida,  6. 

494-495.    Unworked  river-stones.     L.  •112— 10.     Idalion,  \^g^. 
496.    Oval:  bruised  at  both  ends.     Idalion,  Princ.  Sanctuary,  1894. 

Sling-stones,  &c. 

497-499.    Oval.     Jdaliofi,  Princ.  Sanctuary,  1894. 

499  a.  Caiapult-stone  ?  Hemispherical,  with  depression  above,  and  ten 
small  sockets,  perhaps  for  metal  grips.  Cf.  similar  specimens  from 
same  site,  in  Berlin  Mu.seum  S^Berl.  466].     Idalion,  Acropolis,  1895. 

479.    Stone  saucer.     Idalion,  Princ.  Sanctuary,  1894. 

480-480  a.  Perforated  discs  of  clay.  D.  •o8--043.  Idalion,  Priiic. 
Sanctuary,  1894. 

Spindlewhorls  and  Mace-heads.    [See  Nos.  651-664.    Nos.  634-7 
are  also  of  stone.] 


CATALOGUE    OF    STONE    AND    BRONZE    IMPLEMENTS.  53 


BRONZE    IMPLEMENTS. 

Axe-heads:  thin, flat,  Jiearly  quadrangular.    Perrot,  vi.fig.  359.    Si.G. 
15146. 

501*-503.    L.  .16-11.       501.    =[5046].       503.    Laksha  tu  Rhi,  \. 
504.  Similar,  with  expanded  cutting  edge :  cf.  sp.  at  Cambridge,  fr.  Tamassos. 

Daggers,     ia)  Leaf-shaped,  with  three  rivets  for  the  hilt.     L.  -17— 12. 

505*-514.    Ag.  Paraskevi.      512-513   only  two,  514  only    one    rivet. 

[5047.     586.]     Cf.  St.  G.  13815:  Diimmler,  Mitth.  xi.  Beil.  i.  16. 
515-519.    Kalopsida.      615-516.  Tomb  5.      517.  Tomb  10.     518-519. 

Tomb  II. 
520.    Ta?nassos.     Cp.  spp.  from  Leondari  Vuno  in  Camb.  Fitzw.  Mus. 
521-523.    Laksha  tti  Riu.     Only  two  rivets.     Cf.  ^/.  G.  13815.        521- 

522.    Tomb  i.         523.    Tomb  2. 
524-525.    Tamassos.     Only  two  rivets. 

(/3)  Flat  tang,  with  parallel  sides  ;  no  rivets.     L.  -14  and  under. 
531*-532.    Triangular  blade.       531.   =[1499].     Ag.  Paraskevi. 
533-537.    Leaf-shaped  blade.    Cf.  6"/.  G.  15149.    [1500.]    Ag.  Paraskevi. 
538-541.   Leaf-shaped  blade.      Tamassos. 
545*.    Leaf-shaped  blade,  with  one  rivet  at  the  end  of  the  tang. 

546.  Leaf-shaped  blade  :  two  holes  through  the  base  of  the  blade,  one 
on  each  side  of  the  midrib.    Cf.  Dummler,  Mitth.  xi.  16,  Beilage  i.  11. 

547.  Triangular  blade  without  tang  :  traces  of  rivets.     Tamassos. 

(y)  Leaf  shaped  blade,  with  strong  midrib  produced  into  a  round  taper- 
ing tafig  which  is  bent  upon  itself  at  the  tip.     Cf.  Dummler,  1.  c.  i.  14. 
551.  L. -43  (blade).  Kalopsida, g.      555.    L. -23. 
552*.    L.  -34.     [5048.]  556.    L.  -21.     Tamassos. 

553.  L.  -28.     Kalopsida,  9.  557.    L.  -20.      Tamassos. 

554.  L.  -25.     [1981.]  558.  [notexhibited]^«;7b;/(t895),58. 

Scrapers  :  triangular,  L.  •03—05. 

N.  B. — Synilar  scrapers  of  copper  and  iron  occur  in  prehistoric  deposits  in  Central 
Europe.  The  Cypriote  women  still  use  exactly  similar  scrapers  in  mailing  bread, 
to*~cTear  the  dough  from  the  trough.  "    "" 

561*-562.    Kalopsida,  12.  563-564.    [1513-15.]     Ag.  Paraskevi. 

Awls:    one_end  long  and  round,  the  other  short  and  of  square  section. 
L.  •04-- 1 8.     Cf.  St.  G^.  15150. 

665*.    Laksha  tu  Riu,  3.  567-570.    Ag.  Paraskevi  {Old  Coll.) 

566.    Tamassos.  571.    Ag.  Paraskevi,  1894,  10. 

Needles:    L.   -06- -14.      Cf.  Bliss,  Mound  of  Many  Cities  (Tell-el- 
Hesy),  p.  59,  fig.  101-2. 

672.    Large  and  thick  ;  eye  end  rounded  :  round  eye.     (Broken.) 
673*-574.    Large  and  thick  ;  square  eye.     Salamis  Collection. 
576*-579.    Slender,  eye  end  pointed  :  long  narrow  eye.    Ag.  Paraskevi. 
580.    Slender,  eye  end  pointed  :  long  narrow  eye.     Salajnis  Collection. 

Pins  :    (a)  without  distinct  head.     L.  •  i o-  •  1 8. 

581*.    Kalopsida,  9.  583-584.    =[5049]. 

582-585.        „       24.  586.    Kalopsida,  12. 


54  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

{0)    Wilh  disthict  solid  head.     L.  •2i--i4. 

587*.    Kalopsida,  9.  589.    Tamassos. 

588.   Salamis  Collection.  590.    Ag.  Paraskevi. 

{y)  Large  conical  head :  eye  about  halfivay  dozen  the  shaft.  L.  •07—12. 
Cf.  Egypt  (Petrie,  Illahun,  xxii.  1-3  (G^^/z-^Z-)),  Tell-el-Hcsy  (Bliss,  MMC. 
p.  59,  fig.  98-100),  Hissarlik  (KBH.  cxlvi.  4  A);  absent  in  Hungary. 

591*-593.  Small  head.  KBII.  cxlvi.  4  B.  Cf.  J.  H.  S.  xii.  12  {Leondari 
Viino).     Sp.  in  Cambr.,  Fitzw.  Mus.,  has  almost  no  distinct  head. 

594*-598.  Large  hollow  conical  head  like  a  mushroom.  598.  '/'aniassos. 
Cf.  Cesnola,  Salaminia,  PI.  iv,  8  A. 

(8)   77/1?  head  is  formed  by  a  spiral  loop  of  the  stem. 
598  a,  b,  c.     Tamassos.     KBH.  cxlvi.  i  A,  B  ;    for   Central   European 
parallels  v.  IMuch,  Kupferzeit,  p.  374. 

DistaflF  head.     L.  .09. 

599*.  Narrow  collar  below  ;  beaded  shaft ;  large  head  above,  made  of 
intersecting  circular  plates,  like  a  mediaeval  casse-tete.  Cf.  J.  H.  S. 
xii.  2  (sp.  at  Cambridge  from  Leondari  Vuno) ;  KBH.  ccxiii.  8  a 
(mod.  parallels),  cxlvi.  2  B  (specimen  in  Pennsylvania  University 
IMuseum,  Philadelphia);  Schliemann,  Ilios,  fig.  121  (iR,  pin, 
'  brooch '=  KBH.  cxlvi.  2  A). 

Flesh-hook  or  Fork  :  common  in  later  Bronze  Age  tombs.  Cf.  sp. 
from  a  lake-dwelling  at  Peschiera.  Munro,  Lake-dwellings  of  Europe, 
p.  223,  fig.  64.  12. 

600*.   L.   07. 
600  a.    Tamassos. 

Tweezers :    zvith  broad  blades :   rare  before  the  later  Bronze  Age. 
L.  -07—08.    Cf.  Egyptian  types.  Louvre  {Salle  Civile),  v. 

601.    U-shaped.     Cf.  J.  H.  S.  xii.  12  (Cambridge,  Leondari  Vuno).     Cp. 

silver  sp.  {Mykenae),  KBH.  cl.  2. 
602-603a.  V-shaped.    602-3.  Laksha  tu  Riu,  2.    603a.  Taniassos,  H.  27. 

Chisels  or  Spatulae  :    of  uncertain  age  and  provenance.     L.    10. 
604-605.    A.  P.  di  Cesnola  ?    Salamis.     Cf.  Cesn.  Salaminia,  PI.  iv.  8  c. 
Ploughshare. 

609.  A  flat  narrow  sole-plate  of  bronze,  with  a  shoe-like  hood  at  one  end 
of  the  upper  side.  (Not  yet  exhibited.  Vide  Tomb  Groups,  p.  181.) 
Kurion  (1895),  51. 

610.  Bone  Awl.     Cf.  KBH.  cxlvi.  8  A.     Tamassos. 

Spiral  Rings,  some  probably  ivorn  as  earrings.     Cf.  4000.     -01—03 
diameter,     (a)  Ill-refined  silver. 

611-614.  Various  sizes.   Ag.  Paraskevi.    Cf.  Leondari  Vuno  (Fitzw.  BIus.). 

615.  Three  similar.     Laksha  tu  Riu,  i. 

616.  Three  linked  together.     D.  -015.     Laksha  tu  Riu,  2. 

(3)  Refitted  silver. 

617.  Thicker  spiral  of  two  turns.  D.  -015  ;  exactly  like  those  of  Graeco- 
Phoenician  Age  (4ii9ff.).     Ag.  Paraskevi,  1894,  10. 

(y)  Bronze. 
621-623.    Same  types  as  6 1 1-6 14.  ^^./"ar.    623a,b,c.    7t?;;//^  1894, 10. 


CATALOGUE    OF    BRONZE    IMPLEMENTS SPINDLEWHORLS.     55 

624.  One  similar,  broken.     Laksha  iu  Rite,  i. 

625-626.    Long   beads   of   spiral   bronze-ribbon.     Cf.   St.  G.,    13811: 
KBH.  clxxii.  15  1. 

625.  Ag.  Paraskevi,  1894,  10.  626.  Laksha  hi  Riu,  i. 

Beads  of  Blue-glazed  Porcelain,  &c.      Cf.  4471-9.      KBH.  cli. 
6,  10,  13,  15. 

630*.    Spherical.     Ag.  Paraskevi.     Cf.  T.  G.  yi^.  Par.  1894,  10  (p.  57) : 

Kurion,  1895,  35  (p.  181). 
631*.    Long,  plain.     Ag.  Paraskevi. 

632*.    Long,  spirally  ribbed.     Ag.  Paraskevi,  1885,  IL  7  and  elsewhere. 
633*.    Flat,  very  small :  blue  or  reddish-brown.    Ag.  Paraskevi. 

Agalmatolite.    Cf.  Dummler,  I.e.  p.  217  {Cyprus),  and  p.  20,  Beil.  i. 
D.  I  {Amorgos:  '  chrysoprase  ; '  now  in  As/wi.). 

634-635.    Pendants  of  agalmatolite.      KBH.   clxxxiii.   22.   a.   b.      Ag. 

Paraskevi,  1885,  IL  7. 
636*-637.    Flat  ring  of  agalmatolite,  with  notch  on  one  side  and  small 

knob  on  the  other :  of  uncertain  use  :  perhaps  a  weight.     Dummler 

(1.  c.  p.  216)  calls  ihtm  pendants.     Cf.  A.  P.  di  Cesnola,  Salaminia, 

p.  81,  fig.  77.     Ag.  Paraskevi,  1885,  II.  7. 

SPINDLEWHORLS. 

N.  B. — Some  of  these  objects  may  be  small  mace-heads  :  others  large  beads.  Dummler 
(Mitth.  Ath.  xi.  217)  takes  the  perforated  stones  for  sling-stones.  Principal 
Types,  KBH.  ccxiii.  10-25.     For  a  late  specimen,  v.  C.  M.  5568. 

A.  Bronze  Age.     Schl.  Ilios,  fig.  635. 

(o)  Large  heavy  whorls,  cut  from  river-pebbles  of  diorite,  with  polished 
surface  and  wide  perforation.     Nearly  spherical. ,    (L{.  St.  G.  15 145. 
651*.    Perforation  cylindrical  :  drilled.     D.  o-o6.     Laksha  tu  Riu,  5. 
652.    Perforation  conical :  drilled.     [3346.]     D.  0-055.     Tamassos. 
653-654.    Perforation  doubly  conical :  bored.    D.  0-044.    653.  Ag.  Par. 
1894,  10.      654.   =[5044.] 

(3)  Egg-shaped     Cf.  Tell-el-Hesy,  Bliss,  MMC.  p.  41,  fig.  82. 

655.  Perforation  conical :  drilled:  slightly  flattened  on  one  side.  D.  0-055. 
Tatnassos. 

656.  Perforation  conical :  drilled  :  slight  angle  at  greatest  diameter. 

(y)    Elliptical:  perforated  along  the  longer  axis.     Cf.  Dummler,  1.  c. 
Beilage  i.  12. 

657.  Drilled  nearly  through  unsymmetrically,  and  corrected  by  boring 
from  the  other  end. 

658-659.    Bored  conically  from  both  ends  :  limestone.     D.  0-06-0-04. 

660.  Bored  conically  from  both  ends.     D.  0-063.     Laksha  tu  Riu,  5. 

661.  Drilled,  and  widened  by  boring  at  both  ends.     D.  0-055. 

662.  Bored  from  both  ends.     Kalopsida,  \i. 

663.  Bored  from  both  ends.     Laksha  tu  Riu,  2. 

664.  Oval  pebble;    boring   begun   at   both    ends,   but   unfinished,   and 
surface  not  symmetrical.     1).  0-076. 

(S)  Pottery:  0-03-0-04  m.  diameter  :  coarse  clay,  sometimes  polished  red. 
665-667.    Nearly  cylindrical.     D.  0-053. 

668*-673.  Conical;  in  series,  becoming  flatter.     D.  0-047-0-02. 
674-682.   Finer   specimens  in  polished  red  ware  with  various  incised 
patterns.       680.   Ag.  Paraskevi,  1894,  10. 


56  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

683.    Nearly  spherical,  slightly  flattened  below.     D.  0-043, 
684*-702*.  Echinus-shaped;  developing  into  double-cone-shaped:  various 

incised  patterns. 
703-707.  Black  ware  like  75-84.    706.  Especially  black  and  gritty:  groups 

of  parallel  lines  incised  :   often  filled  with  a  chalky  substance.     Cf. 

S/.  G.  1 51 58. 
708.    Fantastic  specimen  :    three   spherical  whorls  coalescing  on   same 

axis.    (Figured  Journ.  Cypr.  Stud.,  pi.  ii.  15  c,  and  KBH.  cxlix.  11.) 

Ag.  Paraskevi. 

B.  Later    Bronze  Age  (period    of   INIykenaean   Influence);    and 
TRANSifioN  TO  Graeco-Phoenician  Age.  " 

(f^r  Steatite:  double-cone  type:   small,  L.  0-02  m.     Especially  common 
in  tombs  which  c'ontaTn"Kr}''kenaean  vases.  "^      ~        '  " 

709  \  Ornament  of  small  drilled  circles  with  central  point.  Laksha  tu 
Rill,  4.  Cf.  Tomb  Group,  Laniaka,  1894,  55  (p.  178):  Kurion, 
1895  (Brit.  Mus.  96/2/1.  76-7):  St.  G.  15163. 

710.  Plain.     Laksha  tu  Riu,  4. 

711.  Light  coloured  stone;  incised  zigzags.     Cf.  A?n.  199  (Brit.  Mus.). 
712-716.    Steatite:  plain. 

717.  Similar.     Kiiklia  (probably  from  shaft  6  or  12). 

718.  Similar.     A  ma  thus  ? 

719.  Conical  with  flat  ends.     Poli  [C.  E.  F.],  C.  25. 

C.  Graeco-Phoenician  Age. 

{()    Sttatitt  :  hemispherical  or  low  conical :  flat  underside^,,  0-025  diam. 

Geometrical  incised  ornament.     Cf.  St.  G.  15158. 

N.  B. — The  type  f  is  very  rare  in  Graeco-Phoenician  tombs. 

731.    Tangent  circles  O^^O-^G^^  on  dotted  ground.     D.  0-042. 

732*.  Drilled  circles  with  central  point,  cf.  709  :  on  dotted  ground  in 
plain  border. 

733.    Intersecting  semicircles  with  central  point,  in  plain  border  9:)'):)) 

734-735.    Plain  border.  ' 

736-769.  Plain  :  in  series  from  conical  to  hemispherical.  This  type  lasts 
on  into  the  Hellenistic  Age  :  e.  g.  specimens  from  Amathus,  205,  254, 
found  together  \^\\h  glass  whorls :  822,  thirty-two  similar  whorls,  flat. 

770.    Similar:  limestone.     Lartiaka,  1894,  45, 

{■q)    Alabaster:    hemispherical:  later  Graeco-Phoenician :    the  pin  is  of 

bronze  wire,  zvith  a  small  loop  above. 

771*.    Amathus,  224.  774.    Amathus,  77. 

772-773.   Kiiklia.  780.    Nearly  flat. 

D.  Hellenistic  Age. 

{&)   Porcelain  :  hemispherical :  perhaps  of  Graeco-Phoenician  Age. 

791.    Blue  glaze.  792.    White  glaze  :  ribbed. 

(t)   Glass :   hemispherical   or  segmental :   with  spirally   ribbed  surface, 
often  ornamented  with  coloured-glass  bands. 

793.    Black  with  looped  yellow  band.     Amathus,  55. 

799.    Amathus,  44.  809.  Kuklia.  810.  Amathus,  13. 

(k)    Bone.     Cf.  C.  M.  4990,  spindle-shaft. 

820.  Flat  and  thin,  slightly  convex  :  incised  rings. 

821.  Plain.     D.  0-038.      '  822.    Vide  above,  736  ff. 


CATALOGUE    OF    BRONZE    AGE    TOMB    GROUPS,  57 


BRONZE  AGE  TOMB  GROUPS. 

The  following  groups  are  exhibited  in  the  JNIuseum  apart  from  the 
Type  Collections  and  from  each  other ;  they  are  typical  of  the  colloca- 
tions of  objects  which  are  met  with  in  tombs  of  this  age.  Vide  Preface, 
p.  viii. 

Agia  Paraskevi,  1884, 1.  The  tomb  of  the  gold-mounted  Babylonian 
Cylinder,  4501.  The  only  specimens  which  can  be  identified  from  the 
original  photographs  (reproduced  with  ground-plan,  KBH.  clxxi.  14) 
are  180,  252,  255,  260,  266. 

Agia  Paraskevi,  1884,  4.  Incised  red  ware  and  black  slip  ware: 
like  20,  55,  III,  167,  194. 

Agia  Paraskevi,  1894,  10.  The  tomb  of  the  large  Cylinder 
Mounts,  4502  :  a  natural  cave  on  the  north  edge  of  the  plateau  ; 
collapsed  ;  containing  red  polished  ware  with  incised  and  relief  ornament ; 
213*,  233*,  black  slip  ware  like  151  ff.  ;  base-ring  jug  251  and  another 
like  it;  a  flat  dish  with  rim  like  298  ;  fragments  of  hemispherical  bowls 
like  301  ff . ;  abundance  of  painted  ware,  of  types  332,  346,  368,  371, 
386*,  411;  a  perforated  lid  like  180;  the  incised  flask,  213;  bronze 
implement,  571.  Spirals:  silver,  617;  bronze,  623,  625  ;  clay  figure,  462; 
stone  spindlewhorl,  653,  and  a  number  of  clay  ones,  e.g.  680  :  porcelain 
beads  like  630. 

Kalopsida,  3.  Plain  red  ware  only,  including  several  like  42.  Bronzes 
515-516. 

Kalopsida,  5.  Red  ware,  plain  and  incised:  especially  229  and 
a  small  krater  from  a  rinsr-vase. 

Kalopsida,  6.  Plain  red  ware :  especially  a  globular  bottle  with  long 
neck  and  two  small  horned  handles,  incised.     Stone-grinder,  493. 

Kalopsida,  9.    Bronzes  551,  553,  581,  587.    The  rest  in  Ashm.  Miis. 

Kalopsida  10.    Whetstone,  484;  dagger,  517  :  coarse  red  ware, 

Kalopsida,  11.  Coarse  red  ware  like  164, 178, &c.  Black  ware,  281-283. 
Painted  ware,  331,  332,  333,  and  like  308,  314,  337-8,  340,  368,  379. 
Bronzes,  518,  519;  spherical  porcelain  beads  like  630.  Half  of  this 
tomb  is  in  Ashm.  ]\Ius. 

Kalopsida,  12.    Red  and  painted  ware.    Bronzes  581,  582,  586. 

Kalopsida,  17.  Incised  red  ware  bowl  (cf.  7-1 1);  painted  bowl  like  314. 

Kalopsida,  16,  18,  22,  32.   Plain  coarse  red  ware :  various  types. 

Kalopsida,  24.    Bronzes  582,  585. 

Kalopsida,  25.  Plain  red  ware  spoon  like  26,  and  jugs:  painted 
bowls,  319,  320,  321  ;  jug  like  342. 

N,  13 — From  Kalopsida  there  are  also  a  few  detached  specimens  of  pottery. 


X 


58  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

Laksha  tu  Riu  (Larnaka),  1  (Government  share).  A  dome-shaped 
cave  wiih  door  high  uj)  in  the  side,  and  five  shallow  niches  round  it : 
containing  red  polished  ware,  plain  and  incised  ;  painted  vessel,  360, 
and  a  painted  bowl;  bronze  implements,  503,  521,  522;  spirals,  615, 
r)24,  626  [stone  and  clay  spindlewhorls,  spear-head,  &c.,  in  Ashm.  Mus.]. 

Laksha  tu  Riu,  2.  Painted  ware,  330,  and  a  globular  bottle  like  FT. 
36:  bronze  implements,  523,  602-3;  silver  chain,  616;  stone  whorl,  663. 

Laksha  tu  Riu,  3.  Globular  schnabelkanne  with  incised  zigzags 
and  bands,  cf.  350;  painted  bottles  like  359,  371  ;  bronze  awl,  565. 

Laksha  tu  Riu,  4  (Government  share).  A  dome-shaped  cave  with 
small  square  door  high  in  the  side  (for  the  form  cf.  KBH.  clxxii.  17,  18 
(Katydata-Linu  :  also  with  Mykenaean  vases),  and  Orsi,  Mon.  Ant.  i.  203 
(Crete));  containing  the  Mykenaean  vase  431  [and  two  similar,  and 
a  biigelkanne];  base-ring  jugs,  270-274,  277  [and  several  similar,  one 
like  270  with  horn-like  scrolls,  and  a  bowl  on  foot  with  white  lines] ;  base- 
ring  bowl,  267  ;  ten  hemispherical  bowls  like  301  ff.  [and  about  twenty 
more]  ;  the  large  krater  293  [and  another  smaller]  ;  and  the  spindlewhorl 
709,  710.     [The  rest  of  the  tomb,  thus  indicated  [     ],  is  in  Ashm.  Mus.] 

Laksha  tu  Riu,  5.  Painted  schnabelkanne,  345;  red  polished  bowl; 
plain  red  jug  like  131 ;  stone  whorls,  651,  660. 

Ag.  Sozomenos,  1894.  Very  late  Bronze  Age,  with  INIykenaean 
vases ;  passing  over  into  Graeco-Phoenician. 

Tomb  I.  The  following  Nos.  of  Inventory  in  'Tamassos  und  Idalion' ; 
the  rest  of  the  tomb  is  in  the  Berlin  Museum. 

103.  Tall  pear-shaped  vase  with  long  cylindrical  neck  and  one  handle  : 
base-ring  fabric.     H.  0-17. 

104.  Similar  :  less  bulged.     H.  0-32. 

106.  Wheel-made  :  oval  body,  base-ring :  heavy  rim  to  neck :  handle 
from  rim  to  shoulder  :  slip  much  flaked.  H.  o- 125.  ['  Tamassos  und 
Idalion,'  Formentafel  183.] 

Nikolides,  1894.     Same  period  as  Ag.  Sozomenos. 

Tomb  V.  (remainder  in  Berlin  INIuseum),  the  following  Nos. : — 

153.    The  terracotta  figurine,  C.M.  464. 

159.    Hand-made  jug  with  slightly  pinched  lip  (oenochoe) :  coarse  fabric  : 

cf.  specimen  from  Laksha  tu  Riu,  4,  in  Ashmolean  Museum,  Oxford. 

H.  0-26. 

164.  Same  fabric  as  Ag.  Sozomenos  103-104,  but  wider  :  neck  inclined 
backwards.     H.  0-107. 

165.  Same  fabric  and  shape  as  C.M.  225:  strongly  marked  double 
handle-ridge.   H.  0-122.    ['  Tamassos  und  Idalion,'  Formentafel  165.] 

166.  Similar,  rougher  fabric  :  no  handle-ridge.    H.  0-135.     [FT.  171.] 

167.  Similar  fabric:  oval  hody  pomied  below:  handle-ridge  like  165. 
H.  0-168.     [FT.  165.] 

Tomb  VII.  (remainder  in  Berlin  Museum),  the  following  Nos  :  — 
212.    Fragment    of    large    flat   bowl   with   vertical    string-hole   on    rim 

[F-T.  15]. 
216.    White  ware,  painted.    Form  like  C.  M.  203  ff.  (Class  D.  d.  above) : 

two  suspension  holes  in  rim  (cf.  FT.  36) :  rich  geometrical  ornament. 

Kurion,  1895;  Salamis,  1896.     v.  below,  p.  180-4. 


THE  GRAECO-PHOENICIAN  AGE. 

DESCRIPTIVE   CATALOGUE   OF   POTTERY. 

The  principal  fabrics  are  as  follows : — 

I.   Unpainted. 

1.  Domestic  Ware.     A  large  number  of  the   common  vessels  are 

simply  made   of  more  or  less  unrefined  clay  of  a  white,  yellowish,  or 

brownish  colour ;   without  slip  or  expressly  smoothed  surface :  e.  g.  the 

majority  of  the  wine  amphorae,  from  the  sixth  century  onwards,  the  common 

oenochoae   and   pitchers,  and   the  shallow  bowls,   saucers,   plates,  and 

lamps,  which  are  found  almost  everywhere. 

N.  B. — Early  types  elegant :  especially  oenochoae  from  Nikolides  and  types  from 
Kurion  (1S95,  Brit.  Mus.). 

2.  Black  Slip  Ware  (Reeded  Cypriote  Bucchero).  The  clay  is  often 
light  coloured,  but  is  wholly  covered  by  a  black  slip,  which  is  usually 
lustreless,  and  inclined  to  wear  off.  This  ware  is  found,  as  above 
mentioned  (p.  37),  in  the  latest  Bronze  Age  tombs,  and  is  characteristic 
of  the  Transition  ;  but  disappears  in  the  first  period  of  the  purely  Graeco- 
Phoenician  Age.  Its  usud.\/brms  are  the  oenochoe  and  the  krater  ;  both 
have  a  high  foot,  and  many  are  reeded  or  fluted  outside :  a  few  are  plain. 
The  intention  of  the  reeding,  and  of  the  black  slip,  is  probably  to  imitate  a 
metallic  prototype  (CM.  oenochoae,  1033-1037;  kraters,  1101-2-4-5-6). 

3.  Black  Ware.  The  clay  is  black  throughout,  like  that  of  the  Italian 
Bucchero  :  the  surface  is  lustrous  and  quite  plain.  This  ware  also  dis- 
appears early  and  is  comparatively _rare  (C.  IM.  1038). 

4.  Bed  Ware.  The  clay  is  either  red  or  light  coloured,  and  is  entirely; 
covered  with  a  fine  red  slip,  which  in  the  earlier  examples  is  smooth  and 
apparently  hand-polished  (cf.  a  fragment  (Amathus,  286)  and  two  spp.  in 
British  Museum  and  spp.  (Tamassos)  in  Berlin  Museum),  but  in  the  later 
is  coarser  and  dull.  This  ware  also  is  early  and  rare ;  it  seems  to  represent 
a  survival  of  the  wheel-made  red  wares  of  the  Bronze  Age  (Ag.  Sozomenos 
106),  and  isitself  superseded  by  the  painted  red  ware  (II.  3).    (C.  M.  1039.) 

II.    Painted. 

I.  White  Ware.  This  is  by  far  the  commonest  fabric,  and  differs 
from  I.  I  only  in  the  fact  that  it  has  painted  ornament.  The  clay  is 
white  or  cream-coloured,  soft,  absorbent,  and  usually  quite  lustreless  :  but 
all  qualities  of  slip  are  found — (a)  coarse,  dull,  and  almost  absent ;  (/3)  finer, 
but  powdery  and  quite  dull ;  (y)  fine  and  hard  enough  to  be  slightly 
lustrous.  The  ornament  is  executed  (n)  in  lustreless  black  paint,  made 
o.f  the  native  umber  of  Cyprus,  which  very  seldom  burns  to  red.  (/3)  A 
lustreless  and  often  powdery  purple-red  is  used  to  fill  spaces  or  bands 
which  are  usually  outlined  with  black ;  sometimes  the  red,  or  a  dull 
variety  of  it,  is  used  alone.     This  red  resembles  very  closely,  in  composi- 


6o  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

tion  and  use,  that  which  is  used  in  the  geometrical  and  early  orientalizing 
styles  of  Boeolia  ;  and  more  remotely  the  purple-red  of  Chalcidian, 
Corinthian,  and  early  Auic  pottery.  In  the  '  polychrome  ware '  two  reds 
can  be  distinguished,  one  more  violet  than  the  other,  (y)  Details  are 
occasionally  added,  later,  in  lustreless  white;  especially  dots  along  the 
bands  of  black.  This  mode  of  ornament  is  more  appropriate  to  II.  2. 
(5)  Bright  orange  is  occasionally  used  with  or  instead  of  the  red  ;  and 
forms  t!ie  link  Between  this  class  and  the  polychrome  vases  described 
below  (C.  M.  1 127,  1 1 72,  1 178). 

2.  Coloured  Slip  Wares.  The  clay  is  like  that  of  the  white  ware, 
but  is  often  coarse  and  discoloured.  The  slip  varies  in  colour  from 
(n)  dark  red — which  imitates  the  succeeding  class,  and  may  be  either  dull 
on  large  coarse  vessels,  or  somewhat  lustrous  on  smaller  and  choicer 
specimens — to  (/3)  black,  which  inherits  from  the  earlier  black  slip  ware 
(I.  2).  The  ornament  of  (o)  is  executed  in  black  and  white  paint 
(hereinafter  '  rbw.'  CM.  1 187,  &c.) ;  of  (^)  in  white  mainly,  but  with  a  dull 
brown  paint  added,  which  is  often  lighter ''tlian  the  ground.  Some  of 
these  vases  seem  to  have  suffered  from  careless  firing.  The  latest 
specimens  show  Hellenic  influence  (C.  M.  11 73  ff.). 

3.  Red  Ware.  The  clay  and  slip  are  identical  with  that  of  the  un- 
painted  red  ware  (I.  4) :  the  ornament  is  executed  in  black,  (a)  On 
a  large  and  early  (Vlll-Vrcent.)  class  of  miniature  vessels  the  paint  is 
peculiarly  lustreless  in  comparison  with  the  fine  lustrous  slip,  and  the 
ornaments  are  very  simple:  cpncentric  circles,  swastikas,  and  rarely 
lozenges  or  triangles  (CM.  997  ff^.).  The  oenochoae  have  'vertical  and 
horizontal'  circles.  The  characteristic  forms  of  this  class  are  occasionally 
repeated  in  black  ware,  with  white  paint  (C  M.  1074,  1255,  Brit.  C  140-2). 
(/3)  On  the  large  vessels  throughout,  and  on  the  sixth-fifth  century 
successors  of  (a),  the  surface  is  nearly  dull,'  the  slip  tends  to  flake  off,  and 
the  ornament  to  follow  the  normal  types  of  the  white  ware.  The  latest 
specimens  show  Hellenic  influence  (C.  M.  1083). 

4.  Hellenizing  Wares.  All  the  native  fabrics  Hellenize  more  or  less 
in  the  fourth  century,  in  form  and  in  ornament :  but  the  following  are 
never  found  without  Hellenic  ornamentation,  or  before  the  fourth  century. 

A.  The  clay  is  reddish  brown  ;  the  slip  black,  with  lustre  sometimes 
metallic  :  the  ornament  is  in  lustreless  dark  brown  or  black,  and  in  white. 
(C  M.  1079.)  " 

B,  The  clay  is  reddish ;  the  slip  yellowish  brown,  with  strong  lustre  : 
the  ornament  in  («)  lustreless  black;  {(i)  reddish  brown  (which  may  be 
sometimes  due  to  overfiring  of  a;  (y)  polychrome  (vide  below)  (C.  M. 
920,  920  a,  1 080-1  ;  cf.  KBH.  clxxviii.  3). 

C  The  clay  is  cream-coloured  (= white  ware);  the  slip  coarse  and  quite 
white  ;  the  ornament  (olive  wreaths,  &c.)  is  carelessly  executed  in  thin 
•  brown  paint  (C.M.  1082). 

D.  Polychrome.  The  clay  is  reddish  or  white  ware :  the  slip  is 
a  lustreless  white  fragile  limewash,  like  that  of  the  Attic  white  lekythi. 
On  this,  outlined  in  dull  black,  are  fri^ezes  of  purely  Hellenic  ornament 
(palmette,  lotos,  olive-wreath,  wave,  scroll,  meander,  and  lattice  work)  : 
executed  in  purple-red,  vermilion,  yellow,  green,  and  blue. 

These  vases  are  chiefly  found  at  Marion  (Poli),  Kurion  (Episkopi),  and 
Amathus  :  they  are  almost  all  tall  })itchers,  with  bulls'  heads,  or  women 
carrying  oenochoae,  as  spouts  ;  and  they  range  from  the  fourth  century 


CATALOGUE    OF    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    POTTERY.  6l 

(the  type  itself  is  of  the  sixth  century)  until  the  Roman  Age   (p.  26) 
(C.  M.  1221  ff.). 

ti .B.—^Qmiig^is  occasionally  found  on  white  ware  (Amathus) ;  and  bright  6/ue  on  bulls'- 
head  pitchers  of  red  ware  ',Poli) ;  both  of  sixth  century.     Cf.  BrzL  C  289. 

5.  Hellenic  Wares.  lt_js_  not  certain  that  any  Hellenic  fabrics  were 
imitated  in  Cyprus  (but  cf.  C.  M.  953  a,  1083-4) ;  at  least  not  until  the 
Ptolemaic  Age,  when  there  is  a  native  fabric  of  common  black-glazed 
Icarfthari,  lamps,  &c.,  and  a  fabric  (cf.  C.  M,  2068)  with  leaves,  &c.,  in 
black  glaze  on  white  ground.  But  Dipylon,  Rhodian,  Proto-Corinthian, 
and  in  great  numbers  Attic  black-  and  red-figured  vases  were  imported. 
Among  the  later  black-figured  are  some  which  follow  the  shape  of  a 
Cypriote  oenochoe,  and  the  lustrous  surface  of  Cypriote  red  ware  ;  and  it 
is  probable  that  these  were  manufactured  expressly  for  Cyprus  (C.  M. 
1603;  cf.  KBH.  frontispiece,  8a:  Brit.  Mus.  [A/naihus)  94/11/1/161 
and  476). 

In  the  Ptolemaic  and  the  Roman  Age,  all  these  native  fabrics  disappear, 
ejccept  the  domestic  ware  (I.  i)  and  some  of  the  Hellenizing  and  Hellenic 
wares  (II.  4,  5).  The  red  ware  in  particular  was  superseded  by  the 
imported  Samian  and  pseudo-Samian  ware ;  and  all  other  fine  pottery,  at 
least  for  burial  purposes,  by  blown  glass  (2551  ff.,  imitated  in  clay,  2150  ff.). 

The  type  collection  catalogued  below  (901-1499)  is  arranged  according 
to  the  forms  of  the  vessels,  an  analysis  of  which  is  adjoined.  Each  form 
is  subdivided  according  to  its  schemes  of  ornament,  and  as  much  regard 
as  possible  is  paid  to  chronological  sequence.  This  is  the  section  of  the 
whole  Museum  which  one  would  most  gladly  see  remodelled  :  but  the 
variety  of  characters  to  be  considered  and  balanced  against  one  another 
is  so  great  that  no  one  system  can  be  consistently  adopted.  The  potters 
at  all  events  were  guiltless  of  any  desire  to  classify  their  wares. 

The  Graeco-Phoenician  '  Formentafel'  in  '  Tamassos  und  Idalion  ' 
follows  substantially  the  same  arrangement,  except  that  the  deeper  bowls 
and  plates  (A)  are  more  closely  associated  with  the  wider  forms  of  two- 
handled  vases  (D,  E). 

SERIES  OF  FORI\IS  OF  GRAECO-PHOENICIAN  POTTERY. 

A.  Open  Bowls,  Plates,  &c. 

901.    a.  Shallow   two-handled   plates,  ornamented    outside    within   the 

base-ring. 
904.    b.  Deeper  two-handled  bowls.    920— a.  Late  Hellenized  examples. 
921.     c.  Shallow  bowls  with  broad  horizontal  rim. 
928.    d.  IMiscellaneous  bowls. 

942.    e.  Transitional  forms  between  bowl  and  kylix. 
951.  /.  Cypriote  kj'likes,  with  flat  bottom  and  vertical  sides. 
953.  g.  Kylikes,  early,  under  Mykenaean  influence. 
957.  h.  Bowl  covers. 
963.    /.  Cup-and-saucer  vessels. 
965.    k.  Tripods. 

B.  Lentoid  Flasks  and  Pilgrim  Bottles,  passing  into  barrel- 
shaped  Jugs,  968-81  :    1093-98. 

C.  Bottles  and  Jugs  with  narrow  necks. 

A .    The  rim  ts  entire  and  smooth. 
982.    a.    One-handled  jugs,  with  narrow  neck  and  broad  flat  rim. 

b.  One-handled  jugs,  with  '  handle-ridge.'      (a)    Rim    flat :    white 
ware,     {p)  Funnel-shaped  rim  :  red  ware,     (y)  Varieties. 


62  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

1088.   c.  Spherical,  with  sliort  neck. 
1014.    d.  Onc-liamiled  jugs,  \\\\.\\  Jhur-de-lys  ornament. 
1021.    ('.  Unpainted  '  bottle-jugs.' 

1026.  /  Tetinae  with  spout,     (a)  handle  at  one  side.     (^)  handle  across 
mouth.     Cf.  1092. 

B.   The  nm  is  pinched  into  a  spout.     *  Oenochoae! 

1033.   a.  '  Bucchero '  types  :  reeded  :  with  black  slip. 

1058.   /'.  '  Bucchero '  types  :  black  or  red  clay. 

1040.  r.  Late  Mykenaean  types. 

1043.  d.  '  Cypriote  oenochoe'  types,     (a)  While  ware,  1043.     (^)  Red 

ware,  1070.     (y)  Hellenized  examples,  1080. 
1086.   e.  Wider  neck  :  swollen  body:  characteristic  bird-pattern. 

D.  Two-handled  Vases.     Handles  set  vertically.     Kraters. 

A.  Extending  from  the  shoulder  to  the  neck  below  the  rim. 

1101.  a.  Bucchero  and  black  slip  ware:  reeded  (I.  2). 

1103.  b.  White  ware  painted  (II.  i). 

B.  Extending  from  the  shoulder  to  the  rim. 

1104.  c.  Black  slip  ware  :  reeded  (I.  2). 

N.B. — White  ware  (except  those  indicated)  (II.  i). 

1107.  d.  Mykenaean  influence  predominant :  narrow  stem  and  wide  foot. 
1110.    e.  IMykenaean  influence  evanescent :  no  foot. 

1114.  f   Rim  very  narrow :  handles  turned  outwards  in  serpents'  heads 

above. 

1115.  g.  Very  large  body,  short  wide  neck,  with  geometrical  ornament. 
1123.  h.    Miniature,  concentric  circles  (red  ware,  I.  3). 

1127.  i-  White  ware  with  black,  red,  and  yellow  paint. 

E.  Handles  set  horizontally.     Amphorae. 

A.  Handles  single. 

1128.  a.  IMykenaean  influence  predominant. 

1134.    b.  Geometrical :    Mykenaean  influence  evanescent. 
c.  Geometrical  developing  into  naturalistic  style. 
a.   Spherical  or  oval  body  :  tall  neck. 
1162.  I.  Concentric  circles. 

1164.  2.  Tree  pattern. 

1171.  3.  Lattice  pattern. 

1181.         b.  Spherical  body :  wide  low  neck. 
1177.         c.  Diminutive:  handles  project  horizontally. 

B.  Handles  double  :  neck  low  or  absent :  an  early  type.     Dipylo?i 

iftfluence,  1182. 

C.  Vessels  of  horizontal  handled  types,  but  with  handles  vertical,  1187. 

F.  Hydriae.     Handles  both  vertical  and  horizontal,  1133. 

G.  Fantastic  Vases,  1195. 

H.  Vases  with  modelled  spouts. 

a.  Cow's  head,  1201.  b.  Woman  and  pitcher,  1251. 

I.  Lamps,  1301. 


SERIES    OF    PRINCIPAL    TYPES    OF 
GRAECO-PHOENICIAN  POTTERY. 

FROM  THE   END  OF  MYKENAEAN  AGE  TO   THE    PTOLEMAIC 

CONQUEST   OF   CYPRUS. 

A.     OPEN    BOWLS    AND    PLATES. 

a.  Shallow  two-handled  Plates  with  ornament  within  the  base- 
ring  outside.    Cf.  Sandwith  (Archaeologia,  xlv),  PI.  xi.  3  (Brit.  Mus.). 

(a)    Whiie  ware.     Cf.  Brit.  C  100,  102,  113-7;  Lou.  A  107-8,  1 10-12, 

154-    ' 
801*.    Reeded  outside :  black  slip  outside  :  concentric  bands  of  red  and 

black  within  base-ring.     D.  0-19.     Cf.  Brii.  C  99  (from  A?}i.  14). 
901  a.    Not  reeded :    ornament  of  four  latticed  triangles,  derived  from 

Mykenaean  motive,  forming  ground  of  a  white  cross.     D.  0-105. 
901  b*.   Black  and  red  paint ;  across  the  bottom  a  chain  of  latticed  lozenges 

between  parallel  lines :    the  flanking  segments  filled  with   latticed 

triangles  and  bands  filled  with  zigzags.     D.  0-105.     Amathiis. 
901c.    Decoration  like  901  a.     D.  0-26.     Cf  Ashn.  521. 

902.  Roughly  scored  outside  in  imitation  of  reeding :  Maltese  cross 
of  black  within  fine  bands.     [718.]     D.  0-21. 

802a.    Not  reeded:    Maltese  cross  like  902,  but  five  lattice  triangles 
round  it.     D.  0-255. 
(iS)    Red  ware. 

903.  Black  paint.  Maltese  cross  and  lattice  triangles  within  base-ring. 
[719.]     D.  0-23. 

b.  Deeper  two-handled  Plates  and  Bowls. 

(a)    White .  ivare. 

904.  Broad  red  and  narrow  black  bands.  [706.]  D.  0-195.  Cf.  Brit. 
C  104. 

905-905  a.    Similar.     D.  o-i45-o-io.     905  a.  Atnathus,  2"]^. 

906.  Deeper :  rudimentary  projections  instead  of  handles ;  one  of  them 
perforated.     [774-]     D.  0-125. 

907.  Black  paint  only.     [703.]     D.  0-163. 

908.  Black  and  red  bands.     D.  0-135.     A.  P.  di  Cestw/a,  iS'jS. 

909.  The  paint  of  the  handles  is  continued  down  the  bowl.  [782.] 
D.  0-23. 

910*.  Funnel-shaped:  very  small  base:  'wavy  band'  of  black,  a  late 
Mykenaean  motive,  among  the  ordinary  red  and  black  bands.  Broken 
and  riveted  anciently  :  the  rivet-holes  remain  :  cf.  1137.     D.  0-31. 


64  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

910  a.    Unpaintcd.     Similarly  broken  and  riveted. 

811-912a.    Like  910,  black  paint  only.     [782.]     D.  0-4.     912.  [493.] 
D.  0-15.     912  a.    Lattice  triangles.     D.  o-o8. 

(/3)  JRed^ware.     Cf.  Brit.  C  300-6. 

914.    Shallow  ^orm:  black  lines  only.     D.  0185.     A mathus,  2^1. 

913.    Deep  form,   small    base  like  910,   distinct  rim  :  black  bands  and 

groups  of  concentric  circles.     1).  0-13. 
815.    Black  lines,  witli  white  spots.     Cf.  925,  1135,  1166,  &c.     D.  0-17. 

Ainaihiis,  238. 

916.  Cf.  913,  lines  only.     D.  0-33.     A?nafhus,  20. 

917.  Unusual  size  :  double  handles  :  black  and  white  bands.  D.  0-385. 
Poli\  106,  IL 

918*.    Vertical  handles  under  rim  .•  small  base.     [455-]     0.0-31. 
919*.    No  handles  :    deep  base-ring :    brownish  clay :    black  and  white 
bands:  white  wavy  band.     0.0-315.     Poll. 

N.  B. — These  large  bowls  almost  disappear  in  fifth-fourth  centuries, 
(y)  Late  Hellenized  examples.     Cf.  Brit.  C  372. 

920.  Flat  plate:  hoiizontal  rim:  handles  turned  out  at  the  ends: 
yellowish-brown  polished  slip ;  bands  of  rays  and  staff  ornament  in 
lustreless  black  paint.  Local  fabric.  Cf.  1080-1085  and  KBH. 
clxxviii.  3.     D.  0-143.    Poli. 

920  a*.    Similar  :  more  elaborate  :  rings  in  centre :  then  (outwards)  staff 

ornament,  rays,  olive-wreath,  and  chequers.     D.  0-43.     Poli. 
N.  B.    The  '  red-figiired'  technique  of  the  olive- wreath  proves  the  late  date  of  this  class. 

c.  Shallow  iBowls  with  broad  horizontal  rim. 

(a)    White  ware.     Cf.  Lou.  K  144;  ^S7.  G.  21562:  Ashm.  425. 

921.  Black  (brown)  bands,  and  binding  pattern  on  rim.  D.  0-205. 
Amathus,  280. 

922*.  Similar  :  rim  more  elaborate:  in  centre,  white  spots  on  black  band. 
Cf.  915  and  other  specimens  in  same  Tomb  Group  (p.  176).  D.  0-1 7 8, 
Amathus,  280. 

0)  Red  ware.     Cf.  Brit.  C  381-2. 

923.  Similar:  one  handle  below  rim  :  black  and  white  lines.  D.  0-173. 
Kuklia,  12. 

924.  Rim  slanting  outwards:  black  and  white  lines.     D.  0-192. 
924a.    Miniature:  black  lines  only.     D.  0-076.     Amathus,  2^1. 

925.  Like  924  :  white  dots  on  black  lines.     D.  0-21.     Amathus,  279. 

926.  Deep:  similar  rim.     D.  0-175.     Amathus,  9. 

926  a.  Cover  from  same  tomb,  probably  belonging  to  926.  Cf.  Covers 
957-961. 

826b.    Like  926;  slenderer  and  higher :  small  vertical  handles.     [970.] 

D.  0-175. 
827.    Like  926  ;  similar  cover  (927  a) :  white  ware,  black  and  red  lines. 

[715.]     D.  0-22.     Cf.  Brit.  C  382. 

927  a.    Cover  like  926  a. 

d.  Various  Bowls  :  white  ware,  except  those  specified. 

928.  Flat  plate  with  rim  :  black  and  red  lines.     D.  0-26.      Lamassos. 
928a.    Similar:  coarse  clay,  unpainted.     Poli,  C.  E  .F.     F.  26. 

929.  Plain,  with  very  small  foot :  coarse  clay  :  very  common  everywhere 
in  sixth-fourth  century  tombs.     D.  0-122.     Cf.  Lou.  A  223. 


CATALOGUE    OF    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    POTTERY.  65 

930.    Deep  bowl  with  one  small  horizontal  handle.    Red  ware.     D.  0-13. 

Amathiis,  20. 
031.    Hemispherical,  without  handle :  small  base-ring.  Black  ware.  [497.] 

D.  0-095. 

932.  Similar.     Red  ware.     [712.]     D.  0-13.     Ci.  Ash??i.  ^21. 

933.  Like  929.     Red  ware.     [713.]     0.0-135. 

934.  Small  base-ring  :  overfired  :  broad  red  rim.    D.  0-112.     Kuklia,2i. 

935.  Like  929.     Miniature  :  broad  red  rim.     D.  0-058. 

936.  Small  deep  bowl  with  slight  lip  :  red  and  black  lines.     H.  o-o6. 
Amathiis,  221. 

937*.    Deep  bowl  with  incurved  rim :  careless  gores  of  black  paint  from 

rim  downwards.     [706.]     H.  0-05. 
937  a.    Similar  :  horizontal  lines.     H.  0-058. 

937b.    Similar:  plain.     H.  0-055.     Cf.  Zw/.  A  2 1 7-8  :  Ashm.  ^2-^. 
938.  Like  936:  two  small  handles.  H.0-06.  CLBrit.C^S'^:  Amathus,  251. 
939*.  Globular,  with  base-ring  and  low  cylindrical  neck  :  two  rudimentary 

perforated   handles.      Red  ware:  black  and  white  lines   and  white 

zigzag  on  shoulder.     H.  0-19.     P(?//,  35,  IIL 

940.  Small  bowl  with  prominent  foot.     H.  0-04,  D.  0-065. 
940  a.  Similar.     D.  0-117. 

941.  Distinct  rim:  no  handle.     Red  ware:  black  lines:  rim  white  with 
black  zigzag  over  it.     H.  o-o8,  D.  0-146.     Ktiklia,  12. 

e.  Series  of  Intermediates,  between  Bowl  and  Kylix, :  White  ware. 

942.  Bowl  with  foot  and  two  horizontal  pointed  handles.      D.  0-131. 
Kukh'a,  E.  14. 

943.  Hemispherical  cup  :  one  vertical  handle  :  black  bands.     D.  0-125. 
Kuklia,  12. 

944.  Hemispherical  cup  :  one  vertical  handle.     D.  0-13.     Poli,  256,  IL 
944a.    Hemispherical    cup:    one    vertical   handle  ;    double    black   Hne 

obliquely  upwards  from  below  the  handle.     D.  0-125.    PoU,  155,  IL 
945-946.    Nearly  upright  sides  :  two  vertical  handles.     D.  o-io-o-ii. 

947.  Similar  bowl  set  on  a  low  foot.     D.  0-115,  H.  0-073.     Cf.  Ashm. 

V.  45  =  433- 
947a.    Similar:   chequer  of  latticed  lozenges.     [152.]    A.P.di  Cesnola. 
Ormidhia?  [0-R.]. 

948.  Deeper  bowl :  painted  panel.    D.  0-147,  H.  0-102.     Cf.  Lou.  A  157. 

949.  Similar.     D.  0-205,  H.  0-135. 

950.  Foot  higher  :  swastika  and  ^  in  panel.     D.  0-165,  H.  0-104. 
950  a.    Foot  higher  :  red  clay,  black  paint :  elaborate  geometrical  panels. 

Tamassos^  ii. 
950  b.    Bowl  somewhat  convex  :  groups  of  black  zigzags  and  red  vertical 

bands :  interior  painted  red,  a  black  eight-pointed  star  in  the  centre. 

D.  0-122,  H.  0-09.      Tamassos,  ii.  41. 
/.   Fully-formed  Cypriote  Kylix,  with  flat  bottom  and  vertical 

sides.     Cf.  Brit.  C  164-6:  Lou.  A  101-3. 

951.  Broad  red  rim  :  black  geometrical  panel.     H.  0-12. 

952.  Similar  :  smaller  :  swastika  in  panels. 

952a*.    Similar:  elaborate  ornament  of  swastikas,  Maltese  crosses,  &c. 
H.  0-085.     Cf.  Ashm.  434  :  KBH.  clxxiii.  19  e.      Tamassos,  ii.  31. 

953.  Similar:  bottom  convex.     H.  0-095.     Cf.  Ashm.  V.  47=435. 
953  a*.  Approaching  Greek  type  of  kylix,  and  perhaps  influenced  by  ii  : 

expanding  rim  distinct  from  body :  ornament  of  concentric  circles 
and  semicircles.     H.  0-85.     Amathus,  19. 

F 


66  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 


^■ 


Early  Kylikes  under  Mykenaean  influence ;   WMe  ware. 
953  b.    Conical  bowl  and  short  stem  :  two  vertical  handles  at  rim :  black 

bands,  and  double  wavy  line  close  to  rim.     H.  0-175.     [782.]     Cf. 

Loii.  A  99:  As/nn.  V.  43  =  431. 
954*.    Small  deep  bowl  slightly  contracted  below  rim  :  two  horizontally 

set  handles  rising  level  with  the  rim  :  tall  foot  w^th  swelling  halfway 

up:  three  black  wavy  lines  round  the  bowl.    H.  o-io5.    Kuklia,  12. 

955.  Bowl  with  two  small  horizontal  handles  set  very  low  dow^n  :  red  and 
black  outside:  red  inside,  except  centre.    H.  0-043.    Amathus,  251. 

956.  Pot  with  straight  sides  sloping  inwards :  flat  rim:  two  small  string-holes 
halfway  down  the  side :  reddish  ware,  peculiar  glossy  red  slip.  H.  0-065. 

h.  Bowl  Covers  (like  927  a). 
957*.    Thin  red  lines  on  black  bands.     D.  o-i6.     Amathus,  251. 

958.  Broad  red  bands  edged  with  black.     D.  0-16.     Amathus,  238. 

959.  Black  and  red  bands.     D.  0-165.     Cf.  Ashm.  527.    Amathus,  260. 

960.  Red  ivare :  black  bands.     D.  0-19.     Amathus,  238. 

961.  White  ware :  h\2ick  h?in(\s.     D.  0-185.     Amathus,  2'>^%. 

962*.    Deep  dish-cover  with  handle  at  top:  unpainted.    D.  0-135,  H.o-io. 
Amathus,  251.  Cf.  a  pair  from  Larnaka(C.E.F.  1894, 56)  ^j-^»z.  429  a, b. 

1.   Cup-and-saucer  Vessels :  probably  Torch-holders. 

963*.    Funnel-shaped  vessel  with  saucer  made  in  one  piece  :  same  clay  as 
962,    and    probably    from    the    same   suite:    unpainted.      D.  0-15. 
Poli,  C.E.  F.  25. 
964.    Like  963.     [844.]     D.  0-15. 

Cf.a  pair  of  similar  vessels  in  the  tomb  above  mentioned  (on  962);  of  local 
clay,  with  red  band  on  rims;  Ashm.  436-7,  cf.  J.H.S.  xvii.  fig.  12;  cf.  sp.  of 
Dipylon  style  (Athens)  Brit.  Mus. ;  sp.  from  Tell-el-Hesy  (with  slight 
spout  on  rim  of  saucer),  published  by  Bliss,  A  Mound  of  Many  Cities 
(Palestine  Expl.  Fund,  1894),  p.  87,  fig.  1 74  :  found  with  saucer-lamps,  and 
attributed  to  temp,  eighteenth  dynasty.  Also  from  IMoeringen  (zE).  , — , 
Munro,  Lake-dwellings,  p.  29,  fig.  6,  15.  ■'^— ^ 

k.    Tripods. 

9e5*-966.  Clumsy  miniature  :  rough  black  geometrical  ornament :  found 
in  an  early  Graeco-Phoenician  tomb  with  fibulae  and  agalmatolite 
beads.     [0-R.]     H.  0-07-0-95. 
Cf  the  fine  example  KBH.  clvi.  4. 
967*.    Flat  bowl  with  two  small  handles  :  found  with  tripod,  965  :  similar 
ornament,  with  lattice  triangles.    D.  o-ii.     Q,{.  Ashm.  i^id:   Tamassos 
(Cambridge,  Fitzw.  Mus.);  Kurion,  1895  (Brit.  Mus.  96/2/1.  89-90). 
N.  B. — 965-9(^7  are  obviously  clay  miniatures  of  bronze  prototypes. 

B.  LENTOID  FLASKS,  passing  into  BARREL-SHAPED  JUGS. 

968*-970.    Flat  discoidal  flasks :   short  neck  with  two  handles  on  the 

shoulder.      969.  [495.]       H.  0-21.      Kurion,  1883.      970.  [750.] 

H.  o-io.     Same  clay  and  technique. 
971.    More  convex,  with  longer  neck.     [760.]     H.  0-23.     Kurion,  1883. 
972-973*.    Longer  neck :   each  side  of  body  ornamented  with  red  and 

black  concentric  circles  :  white  ware.    H.  o-i25-o-ii5.    Kuklia,  12. 

Cf  1095-1096,  p.  67,  and  sub-Myk.  sp.  {Kuklia)  Cambr.;  cf  Lou. 

A  133;  Ashm.  445. 


CATALOGUE    OF    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    POTTERY.  67 

974.  Nearly  spherical :  red  and  black  circles.  [758.]  H.  0-14.  CL  Lou. 
A  133  :  Ashm.  444. 

075-976.  Only  one  handle:  star  of  lines  in  centre  of  circles.  H.  0-105- 
0-155.     Kuklia,  12.     Cf.  Loti.  A  130;  Bn't.  C  122. 

077.  Spherical :  neck  expanded  above  handle  :  concentric  circles  on 
back,  front,  each  side,  and  bottom :  nipple  in  centre  of  each  side- 
group  of  circles.  [496.]  H.  0-12.  Cf.  BriL  C  185-7;  •^^''-  ^  ^3^ 
(flat  base);  Ashm.  446. 

078*.  Similar  :  spiral  line  within  broad  margin  instead  of  concentric 
circles.     [496.]     H.  0-145. 

079.  Elongated  laterally :  larger :  Maltese  cross  over  nipples:  chain  of  lattice 
lozenges  in  front  of  neck.    H.  0-25.     Cf.  Ashm.  442.    Amathus.,  148. 

980*.  Barrel-shaped  body,  with  prominent  side-nipples  :  funnel-shaped 
neck  :  one  handle  :  red  ware  :  black  concentric  circles,  &c.  H.  0-09. 
Aviathiis,  207. 

981.  Similar  :  red  ware.  H.  0-12.  Cf.  Brit.  C  312  :  Lou.  A  169  :  Ashvi. 
531-2.    Pali,  C.E.  F.  18. 

1093.  Similar:  white  ware  :  black  concentric  circles  :  neck  red.  H.  0-185. 
Tamassos,  II.  29.  Cf.  Sandwith,  I.e.,  x.  5.  Cf.  Cambr.  Fitzw.  Mus. 
No.  12,  found  with  a  Myk.  bowl  at  Syra  :  Brii.  C  189  :  Lou.  A  12 1-2, 
151  :  Ashm.  443-4. 

1094.  Similar  :  white  ware.     H.  0-07.    Poli,  155,  II.    Cf.  Brit.  C  188-90. 

1095.  Flattened  like  972-973:  paint  like  1093-1094.  H.  0-105. 
Tamassos,  II.  29. 

1096.  Flattened:  no  nipples.     H.  0-14.     Amathus,  187. 

1097*.  Flattened  body:  circle-ornament  round  short  axis  as  above,  but 
neck  inserted  in  middle  of  one  side :  the  other  side  (now  bottom') 
ornamented  with  Maltese  cross:  no  handle.     H.  0-075. 

1098.  Same  type,  with  one  handle  :  lattice  triangles  round  neck  : 
Maltese  cross  on  bottom.  H.  0-08.  Cf.  Kurion,  1895  (Brit.  INIus. 
96/2/1.  88.):  Ashm.  447. 

C.    BOTTLES    AND    JUGS    WITH    NARROW   NECKS. 
A.    The  lip  is  entire  and  smooth.  ~ 

a.  One-handled  Jugs,  with  narrow  neck  and  broad  flat  rim. 

982.  Globular  body  and  long  neck  :  coarse  fabric  and  light  red  clay. 
H.  0-17.     Cf.  Brit.  C  92  (red  slip):  Ashm.  457-9.     Amathus,  4. 

983.  Pear-shaped  body:  similar  fabric.  H.0-15.  Qi.Lou.h.2'^2.  Kuklia,  20. 
984*.    Body  tapering  upwards  ;  white  ware :  red  rim  ;  many  thin  black 

bands.     H.  0-09.     Amathus,  251. 

985.  Miniature;  coarse  black  clay.     H.  0-07.     Amathus,  2^1. 

986.  Like  984 ;  coarse  reddish  ware.  H.  o-io.  Cf.  Lou.  A  233.  Ldalion,  54. 

b.  Spherical  Jugs,  similar,  with   projecting  ridge  round  the 
neck  at  insertion  of  handle  =  '  Handle-ridge  Jugs.' 

(a)    White  ware :  rim  flat.     Cf.  .4 j,^7«.  448-463. 

987.  Concentric  circles  in  black:  red  rim.  [728.]  H.  0-09.  Cf.  Zcz^.  A139. 

988.  Concentric  circles  in  black  and  bands  below.  [491.]  H.  0-085.  •^<'''' 
A  140. 

089*.   Vertical  and  horizontal  circles  :  black  triangles  on  rim.    H.  0-085. 

Tamassos,  II.  36.    For  the  lip  ornament  cf.  sp.  {Tamassos)  in  Cambr. 

Fitzw.  Mus.     Cf.  S/.G.  13962. 
090.    Concentric  tangent-circles  on  shoulder;  same  rim  ornament.     Cf. 

KBH.  ccxvi.  8.     H.  0-115.     Tamassos,  II.  18. 

F  2 


68  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

991.  Vertical  and  horizontal  circles  in  red:  red  rim:  black  only  on  neck 
and  handle.     H.  o-ii2.     Atnathtis,  2']?>. 

992.  Concentiic  circles  in  black  ;  red  rim.     II.  0115.     Kuklia,  21. 

993.  Similar :   fewer  circles.     N.  B.  991-993.    Very  fine  clay,   reddish 
through  over-firing.     Cf.  {Amalhiis)  Brit.  C  192-6;  Asfim.  448-9. 

994*.    Elaborate  loios  flower  on  shoulder  :  black  outlines  filled  with  red : 
red  rim.     H.  o-io.     Tamassos,  II.  41. 

995.  Black  and  red  bands  :  rim  ornament  like  990.    Transition  to  1004  ff. 
PI.  on. 

996.  Vertical  circles  :   red  outlined  with  black,  cf.  959  :   and  small  red 
concentric  circles.     H.  0-125.     Cf.  Sandwith,  I.e.,  xii.  4. 

(j3)  Fed  ware  uith  dull  black  paint :   typical  funnel-shaped  rim.     Cf. 
Brit.  C  310  ff.:  Ashm.  533-42. 
997-999.    Lines  and  concentric  circles.    H.  o-o8-o-09.   Cf.  Lou.  A  1 74-5. 

1000.  Lines  and  concentric  circles.     H.  o-ii.     Kuklia,  x^. 

1001.  Plain  shoulder.     H.  0-09.     Cf.  St.  G.  18027. 

1002*.  Swastikas  on  shoulder.  H.  0-12.  Cf.  ^V.  G.  19961 :  Brit.  C  319 : 
Ashm-z^l. 

1003.  Vertical  circles,  front  and  sides  :  and  broad  horizontal  band  on 
shoulder,  crossed  by  white  vertical  circles.     H.  0-12.     Poll,  45,  II. 

N.  B. — Marks  beginning  of  red  style  with  white  details  (II.  2  a,  p.  60). 
(7)    Varieties  :  mostly  white  ware. 

1004.  Horizontal  bands,  black  and  red :  radial  lines  of  dashes  on  shoulder. 
H.o-ii.    a.  Lou.  A  141,  161  (red  ware):  St.  G.  18026:  Amathus,  i. 

1005*.    No  lip;  strong  handle-ridge  ;  neck  and  body  well  distinguished: 

concentric  circles.     H.  0-95.      Tamassos,  II.  40. 
1006*.    Depressed   body:    concentric  circles:    lip   ornament  like   990. 

H.  0-075.     Cf.  Brit.  C  182  :   Tamassos,  II.  41. 

1007.  Depressed  body :  similar:  red  ware.     H.  o-o8.     Amathus,  279. 

1008.  Flat  bottom:  dull  black  clay:  cf.  sp.  Fitzw.  Mus.  {Ta?nassos). 
H.  0-09.     Poll,  18,  II. 

1009-1011.  Pear-shaped,  cf.  986  :  two  handles  :  concentric  circles  :  red 
ivare.     H.  0-095-0-12-0-13.     Cf.  Ashm.  433-4. 

1012.  Egg-shaped  :  rim  slight,  handle  ridge  abortive  :  transition  to  later 
forms  1088-1091.     H.  0-13.     Amathus,  279. 

1013.  Pear-shaped  :  very  late  form  :  horizontal  bands  of  brown  paint. 
H.  0-455. 

c.  Spherical  body;  short  cylindrical  neck  with  hardly  any 
rim :  handle  ridge  high  on  neck  :  reddish  clay  with  thin 
reddish  slip.     Cf.  Ashm.  457-60. 

1088.  Vertical  circles  in  black.     H.  0-242. 

1089.  Horizontal  bands.     H.  0-09.     A??iathus,  251. 

1090.  Bands  on  neck  only.  H.  0-157.  Tafnassos,  II.  34.  Cf.  T-G. 
Larnaka,  1894,  31-7. 

1091*.  Broad  rim  like  983  :  fine  white  slip  like  922  ;  zigzag  line  down 
handle  ;  brown  binding  pattern  on  rim  :  otherwise  plain.  H.  0-14. 
Amathus,  166. 

d.  Globular  body:  short  neck  with  thick  flat  rim  and  one  handle 
rising  above  it :  two  horizontal  bands  round  greatest  girth,  and 
an  ornament  like  a  fleur-de-lys  on  the  shoulder  in  front.  Cf.  orna- 
ment 1048-1053.  Brit.  C  224-5.  Fifth-fourth  century:  very 
common  at  Amathus  :  dated  by  Tomb  Group,  Amathus,  214,  p.  176. 


CATALOGUE    OF    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    POTTERY.  69 

1014*.0rnamentup\vards,three-leaved.  H.o-ig.  CL As/im.  464.  AfuaLus gS. 

1015.  Ornament  absent.     H.  0-185.     Amathiis,  98. 

1016.  Ornament  downwards,  five-leaved :  black  slip,  white  paint.   H.o- 173. 

1017.  Smaller  variety;  hindle  does  not  rise  above  rim  :  white  ware,  over- 
fired  :  black  bands  and  concentric  circles.    H.  0-07.    Amathus,  20. 

1017  a.    Smaller  variety  ;  black  clay.     H.  0-084. 

1018.  Smaller  variety ;  brown  clay,  over-fired  :  smaller  lip.     H,  0-075. 

1018  a.    Smaller  variety ;  black  clay.     [358.]     H.  0-055. 

1019.  Depressed  like  1006;  reddish  ware.     H.  o-o8.     Poli,  124,  II. 

1020.  Depressed:  black  slip.     H.  0-85.     Poli,  14,  III. 

e.  "Wide  neck  and  tall  narrow  body :  unpainted.      Fifth-third 
centuries.     'Bottle-Jugs'  (Munro,  J.  H.  S.  xii.  34,  cf.  Jahrb.  ii.  88). 

1021.  Related  in  form  toi02o:  white  ware,  over-fired.  H.  0-075.  /"c//,  94,!. 

1022.  Neck  slightly  contracted ;  no  handle ;  fourth-third  century  local 
form.     H.  0-08.     Cf.  Lou.  A  229-30  :  Larnaka,  1894,  54. 

1023.  Swollen  body :  long  handle :  reddish  ware ;  fourth-third  century. 
H.  0-095.     Iddlion,  78. 

1023a.  Less  swollen.  H. 0-125.  Fourth  century.  CL Lou. h.22^.  Foh', 8^,11. 

1024.  Pointed  below.  H.  0-12.  Fourth  century:  found  with  Attic  vases 
and  Cypriote  inscription.     Poli,  30,  III.     Cf.  Ashm.  468-9. 

1025.  Imitation  of  native  type  in  Hellenic  black-glazed  ware.  H.  o-io. 
Poli,  168,  II.     Cf.  sp.  from  Poli,  CEF.  53  (J.  H.  S.  xii.  314). 

f.   Jugs  with  tubular  spout.     White  ware. 

(a)  Handle  at  one  side,  from  rim  to  shoulder.    Cf.  Bril.  C  1 79-1 81,  199. 

1026.  Shape  like  1022  :  long  pendant  three-leaved  ornaments,  care- 
lessly in  black  and  red. 

1026a.    Similar:  coarse  clay.     [827.]     H.  0-115. 

1027*.    Shape  like  1014,  but  no  rim  :  spout  red :  on  each  side  a  black  eye 

and  a  red  star.    H.  0-14.    Amathus.    Cf.  spp.  in  Tomb  Groups,  Am. 

80, 97,118, 1 51  (p.  175  ff.):  ^;7/.C2  2  7-3o:Z(?z/.Ai48-5o:  Ashm.4b'j. 
1027  a.  Eyes,  and  a  lotos  pattern  like  1014.     H.  0-128.    Amathus,  186. 

1027  b.   Handle  lower:  concentric  circles.     Red  ware.     H.  0-115. 
1028.    Spout  at  one  side:  concentric  circles:  rays  round  neck.    H.  o-i8. 

Cf.  Lou.  A  126.     Ldalion,  5. 

1028  a*.  Spout  at  one  side  :  elaborate  chequered  triangles,  swasukas,  &c.: 
rings  inside  funnel-shaped  mouth.  H.  0-184.  Cf.  Lou.  A  97  : 
Ashm.  419.     Larnaka,  53. 

1028  b.  The  spout  emerges  close  to  the  base,  and  projects  downwards. 
Kuklia,  12.     Cf.  Amathus,  T-G.  251. 

19^2'.   Jugof  form  like  1251  ff. :  a  broad  trough-spout  projects  on  the  left    -    '  ^^ 
side  :  the  side  of  the  vase  is  perforated  like  a  strainer :  coarse  white    .  „ 
clay  :  horizontal  bands.     H.  0-253.     Cf.  a  fragmentary  sp.,  Amathus 
187  (Brit.  Mus.,  C  198),  and  a  sub-Myk.  sp.  Kurion  (1895,  id.). 
(0)  Handle  across  the  mouth :  imitatiftg  Mykenaean  type.    Cf.  Brit.  C  1 06 : 

Lou.  A  125,  127  :  Aslun.  418. 

1029*.    On  foot;  wavy  line^  on  broadest  part.     H.  0-1 4.     Kuklia,  12. 

1029  a.    More  swollen,  cf.  1032  :  black  and  red  bands.     H.  0-13. 

1030.  Spout  nearly  horizontal :  expanded  rim  :  black  and  red  bands. 
H.  0-19. 

1031.  Spout  nearly  vertical:  black  and  red  rays,  like  1028.  H.  0-15. 
ldalion,  19. 

1032.  Shape  like  1029,  wider  lip.  Cf.  Ashm.  530  (red  ware).  Amathus,  279. 


70  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

B.  The  lip  is  pinched  into  a  spout:  Oenochoae. 

(/.  Coarse  Bucchero  ware  (I.  2) :  small  high  foot:  body  fluted 
or  reeded.  Only  in  earliest  Graeco-Phoenician  tombs.  (Ninth- 
seventh  century.) 

(a)  Hand-made.  Transition  period  from  Bronze  to  Iron  Age.  Cf. 
Krater,  C.  M.  1101-2  :  Brit.  C  85. 

1033.    No  lip  :  wide  gores.     H.  0-105.     KBH.  clxxii.  17  g.     Katydata- 
Linti,  1883.     Cf.  sp.  from  Kurion,  Brit.  ]Mus.  1895. 
(/3)    Wheel-made :  lip  and  fluting  hand-made.     Cf.  Sandwith,  I.e.  xii.  3 
(Brit.  Mus.),  KBH.  clxxiii.  19  b:  Brit.  C  87-9:  Ashm.  401. 

1034*.    Irregular  fluting.     H.  0-13.     Katydata-Linu,  1883. 

1035.  Narrower  and  taller.      H.  0-175.     Kurion,  1884. 

1036.  Larger  and  better  made.     H.  0-17.     AW/a;/,  1884. 

1037.  Larger  and  better  made.     H.  0-17.     Amathtis,  4. 

h.  Small  globular  body  and  tall  neck :  plain  polished  wares. 

1038.  Miniature:  black  clay.     H.  o-io.     Amathiis,  2-^2.     Qi.  Liverpool, 

1039*.    Very  long  neck  :  red  clay.     H.  0-24.     Amathus,  4. 

N.  B. — A  similar  neck  from  Atnatlms,  286,  and  two  whole  vases  (C  90,  91,  cf.  92) 

are  in  the  British  Museum. 

c.  Cypriote  imitations  of  late  Mykenaean  oenochoae. 

1040.  \\'avy  lines  on  neck:  rays  on  shoulder.  Cf.  1102.  H.  o-i86. 
Kuklia,  12.     Cf.  ^j^w.  471. 

1041.  Band  of  hatched  triangles  on  neck :  latticed  triangles  on  shoulder  : 
down  the  handle  a  straight  roll  of  clay  with  black  spots.  H.  0-195. 
Ktiklia,  12. 

1042*.  Wavy  lines  on  neck :  triangle  ornament  like  1041  :  similar 
appendage  to  handle,  but  serpentine.  H.  0-205.  Cf.  Brit.  C  112  : 
Lou.  D  58.     Kuklia,  12. 

d.  Cypriote  oenochoae :  body  nearly  spherical :  neck  at  first 
short  and  broad ;  becoming  narrower,  longer,  and  tapering  in 
the  later  examples.     Cf.  Brit.  C  200  ff :  Ashm.  473  ff. 

(a)    White  ivare. 
1043.  Groups  of  horizontal  lines,  derived  from  characteristic  INIykenaean 

bands.     [478.]     H.  0-29. 
1044-1045.    Broader  lip,  plain.     [1045  =  2739.]     H.  0-25. 

1046.  Narrow  neck :  horizontal  bands  and  three-leaved  downward 
ornament.     H.  0-152.     Amathus,  285. 

1047.  Pear-shaped  body,  funnel-shaped  neck.  H.  0-115.  Late  fourth- 
third  century. 

1048.  Three-leaved  ornaments  from  the  neck  downwards. 

1049.  Concentric  circles.     H.  0-155.     Cf.  Ashm.  477-9. 
1050-1051.    Short  cylindrical  neck.     H.  0-255-0-15. 

1052.  Longer  neck  :  two  sets  of  vertical  circles,  with  tree-ornament  in 
front.     H.  0-175. 

1053.  Longer  neck  :  three-leaved  downward  ornament  alternating  with 
concentric  circles.     Cf.  1026,  1048.     Brit.  C  213.     H.  0-25. 

1054.  Longer  neck  :  horizontal  lines:  wavy  line  on  neck.     II.  0-255. 

1055.  Longer  neck:  red  and  black  bands:  concentric  circles  on 
shoulder.     H.  0-26. 

1056.  Longer  neck  :  groups  of  dots  and  crosses  on  shoulder.     H.  0-26. 


CATALOGUE    OF    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    POTTERY.  7I 

1057.  Like   1050:    broad  vertical   circles;   line  of  concentric  circles  in 
front.     H.  0-2I,     CL  Ashm.  ^Sg  {siho  Amafhus).    Amafhiis,  16^. 

1057a.    Like  1050:     vertical   circles;    no  ornament  in  front.     H.  o-i8. 
Amathiis,  93.     Cf.  Ashm.  490  (also  Amalhiis). 

1058.  Like  1050:  very  fine  spiral  line  in  place  of  circles.     Q.'i.  Ashn. 
491  {^Amathus). 

1059-1060.  Vertical  and  horizontal  circles  :  concentric  circles  in  intervals: 

a  tree-ornament  superimposed  on  concentric  circles  in  front.  H.  0-19. 
1059a.  Vertical  and  horizontal  circles:  in  front  a  flower  between  two  arrows 

(buds) :  bands  red  and  black.     H.  0.175.    Cf.  Brit.  C  210:  Ashm. 

487.     Amathns. 
1059  b.    Vertical  and  horizontal  circles :  red  and  black  twigs  in  front. 

H.  0-215.     Amafhi/s,  28. 

1059  c.  Vertical  and  horizontal  circles :  pendant  three-leaved  ornament 
in  front :  eyes  on  lip.     H.  o-io. 

1060  a.  Vertical  and  horizontal  circles :  neck-band  black  with  white 
dots:  very  large.     11.0-364. 

1060  b.  Vertical  and  horizontal  circles :  smooth  surface  :  over-fired. 
H.  0-141. 

1061.  Long  neck :  wavy  lines  and  horizontal  bands,  black  and  red. 
H.  0-24. 

1062.  Elongated  body  :  horizontal  bands  ;  concentric  circles  on  shoulder. 
H.  0.24.     Cf.  Lou.  A  124.     Shape,  cf.  Ashm.  476.     Amathus,  106. 

1063.  Egg-shaped:  wide  neck  with  wavy  lines.     H.  0-193. 

1064.  Egg-shaped:  on  small  foot:  red  and  black  bands.     H.  0-207. 

1065.  Egg-shaped:  no  foot:  red  and  black  bands.     H.  o-ii. 
1065  a.    Egg-shaped,     H.  0-118.     Amathus,  2^8. 

1066.  Egg-shaped.     H.  0-162. 

1067.  Plain  coarse  specimen.     H.  o-o86.     Ida/ion,  43. 

1068.  Plain  jug  with  very  slight  lip  ;  horizontal  ribbing  impressed  while 
still  on  the  wheel.  [800.]  H.  0-173.  Commoyi  in  fourth-ceyttury 
tombs  at  A?}iathus.     Cf.  Brit.  C  226  {Amathus). 

1069.  Plain  coarse  jug :  horizontal  lines.     H.  0-105.     Ajnathus,  20^. 
(/3)  Red  ware  (IL  3)  and  dark  slip  ware  (IL  2).     Cf.  Sandwith,  I.e.,  xi.  2. 

1070.  Oval,  narrowing  upwards  :  horizontal  bands  :  concentric  circles. 
[695.]     H.  0-335.     Cf.  Lou.  A  170:  Ashm.  555.     Kurion,  1883. 

1071.  Tall  and  narrow:  lip  like  1049.     H.  0-153.      Tatnassos,  II.  32, 

1072.  Tall:  concentric  circles.     H.  o-io.     Poli,  Q..Y..Y . 

1073.  Conical,  with  globular  expansion  below  base  of  handle.  H.  0-143. 
Cf.  Brit.  C  320.     Amathus,  278. 

1074.  Like  1072:  glossy  black  clay:  red  ware  technique.  H.  0-072. 
Cf.  sp.  in  Cambr.,  Fitzw.  Mus.  Amathus,  25. 

1075.  Like  1043.     H.  0-175. 

1076.  Like  1046.      H.  0237. 

1077.  Long  taper  neck:  distinct  base:  horizontal  bands:  curved  line  like  a 
whiplash  from  each  side  of  base  of  handle.    H.  0-232.    Cf.  Brit.  C  352. 

1078.  .Like  1051,  but  with  high  base  :  vertical  circles  in  black  and  white. 
H.  0-20.     Cf.  Brit.  C  351  :  Ashm.  557. 

(y)  Late  forms  showing  Hellenic  influence :  all  from  Pali. 
I.  Dark  red  slip :  ornavient  in  ivhite.      =11.  4.  A  (p.  60). 

1079.  Tall  graceful  form  on  high  foot  :  wavy  lines  on  neck  :  vertical  and 
horizontal  circles  :  two  rosettes  in  front.     H.  0-213.    Cf.  Ashm.  558. 


72  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

2.  Fellow  zvare  with  glossy  surface:   brown  paint.     Shape  like  1078. 
=  11.  4.  B.     Cf.  Ashm.  559. 

1080*.  Veriical  and  horizontal  circles:  lotos  ornament  in  front :  cf.  1603. 
H.0.I5.     Poli,  146,  II. 

1081.  Vertical  circles  with  rays  between :  in  front  a  lotos  rising  from  a 
horizontal  meander:  on  neck,  rays  and  staff-ornament.  H.  0-192. 
Cf.  Lou.  A  164-5.    J^oli,  146,  II. 

3.  Coarse  white  ware:   egg-shaped  body  and  slender  neck.znW.  4.  C. 

p.  60. 

1082.  Aliernate  bands  of  black  and  red :  olive-wreath  on  shoulder. 
II.  01 55. 

4.  Fine  reddish  imitation  0/  Attic  ware:    trefoil-shaped  lip  and  high 

handle.     II.  5  (p.  61). 

1083.  Reeding  imitated  in  inferior  brown-black  glaze.     H.  0-117. 

1084.  Smeared  with  inferior  black  glaze.     H.  0-127.     Poli,  C.  E.  F.  8. 

5.  Imported  Attic  ware:  red  clay  and  Hack  glaze.     II.  5  (p.  61). 

1085.  Oenochoe :  miniature  with  rough  staff-ornament  on  shoulder. 
H.  0-064.     Poli,  C.  E.  F.  2. 

1603.  [q-v.]  Oenochoe,  like  1080:  Cypriote  shape  but  Attic  black-figured 
make,  specially  for  export  to  Cyprus.  Poli,  239,  II.  Cf.  black- 
figured  Lekythos  with  oenochoe-lip,  Amathus,  129.  [Brit.  Mus. 
94/11/1/476.] 

e.  '  Bird-jug '  oenochoe  :  swollen  body,  wider  lip,  painted  with 

eyes :   fine  cream-coloured  clay,  slightly  glossy  :    characteristic 

geometrical  ornament  of  birds  and  trees. 

N.  B. — To  this  class  belong  the  large  and  elaborately  painted  vas.s,  KBH.  xi.x. 
1-4,  cii.  6  clviii.  i  a;  Sandvvith  (Archaeologia,  xlv\  x.  7.  Brit.  C  126-132  :  Lou. 
A  1 14-5  :  As  Jim.  V.  29,  30.  s^ 

1086*.  On  each  side  a  bird  in  dark  brown  paint:  in  front  two  trees  w 
H.  0-12.     Cf.  Ashm.  500.  Y 

1087.    Smaller  :   coarser  clay  :   on  sides  three  circles  with  central  dot. 
H.  0-07. 
[1088-1091,   V.    between   1013-1014.      1092,  between  1028-1029. 

1093-1098,  between  981-982.] 

D.  TWO-HANDLED  VASES,  KRATERS,  AND  AMPHORAE,^ 
WITH  HANDLES  SET  VERTICALLY  FROM  THE^ 
SHOULDER  TO  THE  NECK. 

A.  Extending  from  the  shoulder  to  the  neck  below  the  rim. 
a.  Black  slip  ware,  reeded.     (I.  2.)     Cf.  Oenochoae  1033-1035. 
1101*'.    (1101.)   Foot  heavy:   obliquely  and  carelessly  fluted  :   knobs  on 
handles:  black  clay  (' Cypriote  Bucchero').    H.  0-34.    Poli,  18.  II. 

1102.  (1036.)  Foot  slender  :  no  knobs  on  handles.  H.  0-162.  Katy- 
data-Litm,  1883.     Cf.  Ashm.  402  l^A77iathus). 

h.   White  ware:  with  black  paint :  not  reeded.     (II.  i.) 

1103.  (1102.)  Foot  slender:  two  knobs  on  handles:  wavy  lines,  and 
rays  like  1040.     INIykenaean  influence.     H.  036. 

'  It  was  found  desirable,  for  greater  clearness,  to  revise  part  of  this  section  of  the 
catalogue  after  the  labels  were  put  upon  the  vases.  The  numbers  in  thin  type 
(bracketed)  are  those  on  the  labels :  those  in  thick  type  should  be  substituted. 


CATALOGUE    OF    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    POTTERY.  73 

B.    Extending  from  the  shoulder  to  the  rim,  and  distinctly- 
angular.     Kraters. 

c.  With  reeding  (I.  2).     (a)  Black  slip '. 

1104.  (1037.)   Entirely  black  :  rough  work.     H.  0-155.    Aniaihus,  i^. 

1105.  (1119.)    Entirely  black :  no  reeding.     Amalhus,  \. 

1106*.  Body  only  black  :  neck  with  geometrical  ornament  in  black  on 
ground  of  white  ware.  Cf.  the  reeded  and  painted  plates,  901-902. 
H.  0-272.    Kurion,  1883. 

{&)    White  ware  :  Hack  paint :  red  also  on  11 13. 

d.  Narrow  stem  and  distinct  foot.     Mykenaean  influence. 

1107.  (1167-15.)  Broad  and  fine  bands:  wavy  line  on  neck.   H.  0-194. 

Kurion,  1884. 
1108*.  (1110.)  Body  wide  and  depressed:  chequered  triangles,  swastikas, 

&c.     [484.]     H.  0-248.    Cf.  Brit.  C  167.     Kurion. 

1109.  (1167  a.)   Body  and  foot  slender  :  unpainted.     H.  o-ii. 

e.  No  foot :    Mykenaean  influence  evanescent. 

1110.  (1166-22.)    Ornament  of  lines  on  shoulder        Z  Ei  . :  cf.  1158. 
H.  0-152.  ~  ~ 

1111.  (1162.)  Horizontal  bands  and  wavy  lines.  H.o-ii.  TamassoSyW.^^. 

1112.  (1164-20.)  Vertical  stripes  of  paint  from  rim  to  base.  H.  0-095. 
Tamassos,  IV.  3. 

1113.  (1161-16.)  Red  paint  introduced:  concentric  circles  on  shoulder 
and  neck.     H.  0-124.     Kuklia,  12. 

/.  The  rim  is  very  narrow;   the  handles  drawn  in  below  it, 
and  produced  into  serpents'  heads. 

1114*.  (1113.)  Body  pear-shaped :  concentric  circles.  H.  0-235.  ^^' 
klia,  21.     Cf.  Lou.  A  253  (fabric  I.  2). 

g.    Very  large    body;     short    wide    neck,   with    geometrical 
ornament.     Cf.  Lou.  A  155  (fabric  II.  2  a). 
1115*.    (1107.)  A^eck  slightly  /utmel'Shaped,QXi<\  hzudles,  cnxvQd:  vertical 

groups  of  lattice  bands :  between  them  lattice  lozenges,  crosses,  &c. 

H.  0-498. 
1116*.    (1108.)   Neck  cylindrical:  handles  bent  nearly  at  a  right  angle. 

Similar  ornament :  red  paint  introduced.     H.  0-36. 

1117.  (1111.)  Elaborate  neck  ornament:  on  shoulder  lattice  triangles, 
swastikas,  and  arrow  ornament.  [485.]  H.  0-335.  A^z^rzbw,  1883-84  .^ 
(0-R.) 

1118.  (1106.)  Vertical  lattice  bands  on  neck  and  shoulder:  groups  of 
fine  sub-Mykenaean  bands.    (Fragmentary.)    Kuklia,  12. 

1119.  (1112.)  Horizontal  bands ;  wavy  line  on  neck.  [481.]  H.  0-315. 
Kurion,  1883-84.?  (0-R.) 

1120.  (1109.)  Lattice  lozenges  on  neck:  .r^^  paint  introduced.  [482.] 
H.  0-27.    Cf  1 108  (11 10)  above,  which  only  differs  in  having  ^/oot. 

1121.  (1114.)  Neck  narrower  and  funnel-shaped:  concentric  circles. 
H.  0-335. 

1122.  (1181.)  Neck  very  wide  and  low:  lattice  triangles.  H.  0-248. 
Ta7?iassos. 

^  A  \s.xa.\.QT,  ha7idinade  3.n&  analogous  to  1033,  is  in  S.  Kens.  Mus.  (257/1883:  Kurion), 


74  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

1123.  (1165-21.)  Lotos  flowers  on  shoulder:  red  paint.  Cf.  fabric 
of  1048.     H.  0-095. 

h.  Red  ware  :  miniature  :  concentric  circles. 
1124  (1100-25),  1125  01^58-2-1).     Similar  climinutive  vases.      H.  o-o88- 
0-082.     1124.  Cf.  Zw/.  A  128.    Kuklia,  12.         1125.    Poli. 

1126.  (1126.)  Wide  mouth,  depressed  body,  cf.  1123:  circles  and 
zitrzags  in  black  and  ivhite.     H.  0-093.     Amathtis,  251. 

i.  White  ware  with  black,  red,  and  yellow  paint.    Cf.  1 1 72,  1 178. 

1127.  (1127.)  Very  low  body  and  wide  neck:  lattice  and  bands, 
n.  0-075.     Anialhus,  225. 

E.  HANDLES  SET  HORIZONTALLY  AT  GREATEST 
DIAMETER  OF  BODY,  AND  RISING  MORE  OR  LESS 
OBLIQUELY    UPWARDS. 

A.  Handles  single. 

a.   Mykenaean  influence  predominant.    Neck  high,  with  wide 
funnel-shaped  rim :  body  pear-shaped,  tapering  below,  on  more 
or  less  distinct  conical  foot.     White  ware  :  black  paint :  charac- 
teristic wavy  lines,  and   groups  of  broad  and   narrow  bands  :" 
handles  black.      Cf.  Sandwith,  I.e.,  xiii ;  KBH.  clvii.  2  a. 

1128*.  (1101-28.)  Four  wavy  lines  round  greatest  diameter :  on  shoulder 
a  band  of  lattice  lozenges  and  of  latticed  triangles :  neck  with  broad 
black  bands  and  narrow  lines  between :  between  neck  and  shoulder 
in  front  a  small  nipple-like  projection.  H.  0-475.  Cf.  Brit.  C  116. 
Kuklia,  12. 

1129.  (1103-34.)  Smaller:  wavy  lines  round  greatest  diameter  :  broad 
and  narrow  bands.     [1772.]     H.  0-175. 

1130  a-d.  (TT§i~Ti§l-)  Smaller:  wavy  lines  round  greatest  diameter. 
H.  o-i67--i68--i75--i88.     All  from  Kuklia,  12. 

N.B. — 11306  (i  107)  is  of  a  peculiar  over-fired  r^(/(/?V//  clay.  Cf.  1042,  1134:  Br{i.Cii2. 

1131.  (1102-1129.)  Smaller:  wavy  lines  round  greatest  diameter:  no 
wide  lip.     H.  0-107.     Kuklia,  6. 

1132.  (1172.)  Wide  neck  :  on  one  handle  a  small  bowl :  wavy  lines  on 
shoulder  and  neck.  Kuklia,  12.  Cf.  sp.  confisc.  by  Govt.,  Kerynia 
Castle. 

Cf.  439,  440,  catalogued  among  Bronze  Age  Pottery  to  illustrate  the  continuity 
of  style. 

1133.  (1149.)  Hydria :  of  same  type  as  the  preceding,  but  with  third 
handle  behind,  from  shoulder  to  middle  point  of  neck  :  wavy  lines, 
Kuklia,  12. 

h.  Mykenaean  influence  evanescent :  geometrical  patterns, 
especially  on  neck.  Neck  more  or  less  cylindrical,  with  thick 
or  broad  rim:  body  oval  or  pear-shaped:  handles  small  and 
nearly  upright. 

N.  B. — Great  variety  of  closely  related  forms  and  ornaments.     White  ware,  except 

those  indicated.     Cf.  Brit.  C  236-40. 

1134.  (1108-1135.)  Body  and  handles  small:  neck  large  and  wide  :  wavy 
line  as  above:  same  reddish  clay  as  1030  d  (1107).  H.  0-173. 
Kuklia,  12. 


CATALOGUE    OF    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    POTTERY.  75 

1135a-c.  (1135a,  1138a,  1134.)  Similar:  broad  bands  of  red  paint 
introduced.     H.  o-i5-0'i37.     {&)  Fo/i,  i^j,  11.     (b)  =[845.] 

1136.  Tall  form  like  ii34ff. :  elaborate  geometrical  ornament  on  neck 
and  shoulder :  elements  borrowed  from  Cypriote  Bronze  Age,  My- 
kenaean  and  Dipylon  style.  [i37-]  H.  0-578.  A.  P.  di  Cesriola, 
1878.     Perhaps  from  Ormidhia.     (0-R.) 

1137.  Neck  narrow  :  simpler  ornament ;  only  the  groups  of  vertical 
straight  and  wavy  lines  (W-L)  on  the  shoulder.  Ancient  fracture 
in  neck  with  rivet-holes:  cf.  910,  910a.  H.  0-505.  Larnaka, 
1884,  29.     Cf.  Brit.  C  240:  Ashvi.  503. 

1138.  Similar :  fiat  rim  at  right  angles  to  neck :  elaborate  geometrical 
panels  on  neck  :  two  red  bands.  W-L.  H.  0-57.  A.  P.  di  Cesnola, 
1878.     Perhaps  from  Ormidhia.     (0-R.)     Cf.  Z^)?^.  A  119. 

1139.  Slender  neck,  with  funnel-shaped  rim  (INIykenaean  influence) : 
geometrical  panel  ornament  on  neck.     W-L.     H.  0-51. 

1140.'*  Similar :    no    red:    no    wavy   lines.     [137]     A.  P.  di  Cesnola, 

1878.     Perhaps  from  Ormidhia.     (0-R.) 
114l*-1142.    Neck  short  and  wide  :  heavy  rim  :   body  pear-shaped,  base 

small :    geometrical  frieze  on  neck  :    tree-ornament  introduced  on 

1142.     W-L.     H.  0-73-0-782.      Both  from   same   tomb.     Kurioti, 

1883.     (0-R.) 
1143.    Similar  (neck  only)  :    lotos  introduced  in  geometrical  ornament : 

binding-pattern  on  rim  :  cf.  921.     H.  (neck)  0-295.     Kuklia,  12. 

1145.  Body  depressed ;  neck  very  short :  heavy  rim :  projection  on 
handles  ;  two  rows  of  concentric  circles  on  body.  Red  ware :  black 
and  white  bands.     [1725.]     H.  0-31. 

1146.  Neck  very  large  for  body,  cf.  1134  if. :  on  neck  concentric  circles 

with  painted  centre-point,  thus  ooo°ooo.     H.  0-433. 

1147.  Normal  proportions :  three  irregular  rows  of  concentric  circles  ; 
l/lacti  and  red  bands. 

1148-1152.  Normal  proportions :  concentric  circles:  black,  and  more  and 
more  red  bands.  1152  has  broad  red  bands  on  neck  ;  body  larger, 
more  swollen;  concentric  circles  in  compartments.     H.  0-366-0-44. 

1153.  Oval  body :  concentric  circles  in  three  groups  of  vertical  lines  on 
body:  geometrical  patterns  and  concentric  circles  on  neck.    H.  0-57. 

1154.  Neck  wide  :  red  and  black  bands,  and  red  triangles  on  neck  :  con- 
centric  circles  on  shoulder;  on  body,  CO  ornament  in  compartments. 
H.  0-48. 

1155.  Neck  large,  expanding  above  :  vertical  lines  on  shoulder.  H.  0-41. 
115  - .    Tall  oval  body  :  handles  set  high  on  shoulder :  only  one  red  line. 

W-L.  H.  0-37. 
1157*.  Tall  oval  body :  red  ware  richly  ornamented  in  black.  Neck, 
(i)  band  of  lotos  b.  f. ;  (2)  plait-ornament  b.  f.  Shoulder,  (3)  rosettes 
in  panels  r.  f.;  (4)  large  lotos-flowers  b.  f. ;  (5)  ornament  of  lotos-leaf 
rays.  Cf.  late  INIykenaean  and  Rhodian  motives.  Cf.  vases  from 
Ormidhia  (Perrot  and  Chipiez,  iii.  fig.  507,  523)  and  Amathus  (cf. 
Brit.  C  243).     H.  0-52.     Larnaka,  1894,  42. 

1158.  Similar,  white  ware  :   many  black  and  red  bands  :   shoulder-band 

divided  into  panels  ||=||=||'  '•    cf.  mo.     [141-]     A.  P.  di  Cesnola, 
1878.     Perhaps  from  Ormidhia.     (O-R.) 

1159.  (1161-22.)  Oval  body:  red  bands  on  neck:  careless  red  palm- 
ornament  on  body.     H.  0-68 1. 


^6  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

1160.  (1109-62.)  Body  lower:  neck  narrower:  cf.  1155:  two  red  palms 
on  each  face  of  shoulder.     II.  0-37. 

1161.  (11G3.)  Body  lower:  eight  palms:  concentric  circles  between. 
W-L.     H.  0397. 

c.  Later  geometrical  developing  into  naturalistic. 

a.  Spherical  or  oval  body :  tall  cylindrical  or  funnel-shaped  neck  : 
handles  large :  principal  ornanien/s  7iot  01  ?ieck  or  shoulder,  but  oti  a  broad 
band  round  the  greafest  diameter. 

Concentric  circles.  1162-1163.  (1110-1113.)  1162.  Wavy  line  also, 
and  small  horns  on  handles.    H.  0-295.   Cf.  Ashm.  505.   Kuklia,  12. 

Tree  pattern  :  especially  elaborate  at  A?nathus.  (Cf.  Brit.  C  256-64, 
278  (r.b.w.),  Catnbr.,  Ashm.  508-9.) 

1164.  (1169.)   Tree  in  each  of  three  panels. 

1165.  (1170.)  Lattice  side  panels  ;  three  trees  in  centre  panel :  elaborate 
bands  of  ornament  on  neck. 

1166.  (1172.)  Single  tree  of  six  lanceolate  branches  (lotos  buds.?): 
elaborate  neck.  N.B.  White  dots  on  black  band.  Cf.  sp.  in  Cambr., 
Fitzw.  Mus.     H.  ©•I93.     Amathus,  64. 

1167.  (1171.)  Tree  degenerating  into  lotos  and  buds:  elaborate  neck. 
H.  0-I2.     A?nathus,  165. 

1168.  (1173.)  Tree  degenerating  into  lotos  and  buds:  palmette  with 
basal  scrolls,  rising  out  of  a  lattice  triangle :  same  under  handles : 
olive-wreath  on  shoulder.  Hellenic  influence.  H.  0-15.  Amathus,  ^o. 

1169.  (1174.)  Degenerate  fantastic  lotos:  arrow  ornament  on  shoulder  : 
cross  under  handle.     H.  0-125.     Amathus,  80. 

1170*.  (1168  a.)  Same  style  as  the  preceding,  but  more  elaborate.  Rim  : 
(i)  herring-bone  pattern.  Neck:  (2)  chequers.  Shoulder:  (3)  white 
dots  on  black;  (4)  groups  of  black  lines,  spaces  red;  (5)  groups  of 

lines  alternately  oblique  ////^^(//^  (Mykenaean  motive) ;  (6)  alter- 
nate b.r.  discs  on  white  ground;  (7)  repetition  of  (3).  Body  zone  : 
side  panels  (8)  red  and  white  lozenge-chequer  outUned  with  black 
lattice:  centre  (9)  diagonally  divided:  top  and  bottom,  lattice  triangles : 
lotos  ornament,  cf.  1143,  in  side  spaces  ;  under  handles  (9)  repeated. 
H.  0-28.     Cf.  Lou.  A  105  :  Brit.  C  262-4.     Amathus,  g'j. 

Lattice  pattern:  (a)  White  ware  (II.  i).  Cf.  Brit.  C  275-6:  Lou. 
A  146:  Ashm.  510-11. 

1171.  (1167-28.)  Lattice  in  black:  black  and  red  bands.  H.  0-147. 
Amathus,  251. 

1172.  (1168.)  Lattice  in  black:  black,  red,  and  yellow  bands:  cf.  1127. 
H.  o-io8.     Amathus,  251. 

(^)  Dark  slip  ware  (II.  2).     Cf.  Brit.  C  277-9  :  Ashm.  564. 

1173.  Lattice  in  white :  black  and  white  bands  :  characteristic  ornament 
of  black  dots  on  white  band,  or  white  dots  on  black  band  :  cf. 
922.     KBH.  l.xiii.  2,  Ixiv.  6. 

1174.  (1131a-1176.)  Lattice  absent:  black  and  white  bands.  H.  0-103. 
Cf.  Brit.  C  280  :  Poli,  C.  E.  F.  1 1. 

1175*.    (1136.)  Oval  body:  white  lattice :  dotted  bands.     Amathus. 

1176  a*,  b,c.  (1164-6.)  Neck  wider  and  funnel-shaped  :  characteristic 
dotted  bands;  probably  a  local  fabric.  H.  0-26-0-24.  All  from 
Amathus.  (b)  98;  (c)  166.  Cf.  T-G,  Amathus,  80,  p.  175;  and 
Ashm.  165. 


CATALOGUE    OF    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    POTTERY.  77 

b.  Spherical  body  :  very  wide  low  neck  without  rim.      White  ware  (II.  i). 

1181.  (1143-1159.)  Broad  band  of  vertical  lines,  black  only.  H.  0-174. 
Poli,  20,  III. 

1181a.  (1160.)  Lattice  band,  very  broad,  of  black  and  red.  [393.] 
H.  0-275. 

c.  Diminutive  vases  with  small  handles  projecting   horizontally  :    not 
before  fourth  century  B.  C.     Cf.  Brit.  C  160  ff. 

1177.  Lattice  ornament,  black  and  red  :  cf.  11 71-2  (i  167-8).  H.  0-127. 
Amathus^  251. 

1178.  Plain  bands,  black  ^.n^ yellow  :  cf  11 27.  Brit.  C  250.  H.  0-107. 
Amathus. 

1179.  Plain  bands,  black  and  red.     H.  0-098. 

1180.  Plain  bands,  black  and  red:  taller  and  narrower  form.  H.  o-io. 
Amathus,  13. 

B.  Handles  double.     Barge  zvide-mouthed  vessels,  with  neck  very  low  or 
absent:  early  type :  Dipylon  i7ifluence.  "       ------- 

1182.  Triple  handles  (vertical  resting  on  horizontal,  cf.  Brit.  A  431.  Ka- 
miros) :  concentric  circles  in  vertical  columns.    H.  0-30.    Am.  251. 

1183.  Double  handles  :  body  cylindrical  with  angular  profile  :  concentric 
circles  on  shoulder :  body  painted  in  compartments,  black,  red,  and 
latticed  :  concentric  circles  in  red  and  ground-coloured  compartments. 

H.  0-2  2.       Poll,    15,  II. 

1184.  Double  handles,  modelled  as  horns  of  an  animal's  head  between 
them.  Cf.  Dipylon  modve,  and  Tamassos  vase  in  British  Museum. 
KBH.  pp.  36,  37,  figs.  37,  38.  On  each  side,  an  elaborate 
chequered  lozenge  with  '  wing  motive,'  and  concentric  circles. 
[1767.] 

C.  Vessels  of  horizotital-handled  types,  but  with  s?)iall  vertical  handles  : 
white  ware  except  11 87.     Cf  Brit.  C  169. 

1185.  Black  and  red  bands  :  concentric  circles.     H.  0-36. 

1186.  Oval  body,  long  neck,  with  rim  :  black  and  red :  concentric  circles 
between  vertical  stripes  :  over-fired.     H.  0-357. 

1187.  Red  ware :  black  and  white  bands,  like  1136  :  concentric  circles. 
[1144  a.]     H.  0-19.     Cf.  Z<?z/.  A  156. 

1188*.    [1144.]    Tree-ornament,  like  1 169.     H.  0-165.    Kurion  {0-R). 

1189.  Oval  body,  long  neck,  without  projecting  rim  :  similar  ornament. 
H.  0-198.     Poli,  16,  IL 

1190.  Cylindrical  body,  of  angular  profile :  long  narrow  neck  without 
rim :  under-fired  greenish  clay :  black  and  yellowish  (red)  bands  ; 
lattice  ornament,  cf.  1171  ff.  (1167  flf.),  1177.     Amathus,  251. 

1191.  (1173.)   Small  bowl  with  two  projections  on  rim  instead  of  handles. 

Fantastic  Vases:    White  ware.     Cf.  Brit.  C  140-6. 

1195.  (1175.)  Bell,  with  human  head  as  handle,  modelled  arms,  and 
painted  sword-belt.     Cf.  Heuzey,  PI.  ix.  3.    Kiiklia,  12. 

1196.  (1176.)  Duck-shaped,  but  with  spout  instead  of  the  head.  Kuklia, 
12. 

1197.(1177.)  Duck-shaped,  with  head:  handle  and  mouth  on  back: 
rudimentary  wings:  geometrical  ornament:  fabric  like  972  ff. 
Tamassos,  47,  II. 


78  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 


H.    VASES    WITH    MODELLED    SPOUTS. 

Tall  jugs  with  ovoid  body  and  cylindrical  neck,  which  is  short  and 
plain  in  the  earliei^ specimens  (shape  a.  a;  h.  a-y),  longer  and  slightly 
expanded  above  in  the  later  (shape  a.  ^,  y  ;  b.  8-6).  On  the  shoulder, 
in  front,  is  a  spout,  modelled  as — 

{a)  A  cow's  head,  with  perforated  mouth :  always  modelled,  not 
moulded.     Cf.  Ashm.  571-2,  577  (cow's  head  replacing  pitcher). 

{b)  A  pitcher,  hekl  by  a  female  figure,  who  sits  or  stands  on  the 
shoulder  of  the  vase.  The  figure  is  (i)  modelled  in  '  snow-man  '  technique, 
(ii)  pressed  in  a  mould  '  flat-backed,'  (iii)  moulded  in  the  round  in  fully 
developed  Hellenic  style.    Cf.  Ashm.  573-5,  red  ware:  576-7,  polychrome. 

N.  B. — The  Tomb  numbers,  without  locality,  refer  to  Poll  excavations.  Number 
followed  by  Roman  figure=  1885-1886.  Number  preceded  by  a  letter=CEF 
18S9-1S90.  *  indicates  that  the  vase  is  preserved  with  the  rest  of  its  Tomb  Group. 
Specimens  occur  in  all  varieties  of  Graeco-Phoenician  workmanship. 

a.  With  Cow's  Head.     Cf.  Lou.  A  18 1-4. 

(d)  Red  ware:  early  form:  black  bands  round  body:  patlcrns  07i  shoulder, 

1201.  30,  III,     Conventional  tree-pattern    y    once  on  each  side. 

1202.  Alternate  black  and  white  trees  nI^  .  235,  II.  1203.  B.  12. 
1204.    *2  39,  II.  y 

1205.  White  herring-bone  pattern  <««  on  neck.     *io6,  II. 

1206.  Black  trees.     B.  12.  1207.    *239,  II. 

1208.    Shoulder  plain.  1 2  6,1.     1209.  *239,1I.     1210.  13,!.     121L2o,III. 

(^)   White  ware  :  later  for  7n  :  polychrome  decoration  on  white  slip. 

1221.  Projections  at  junction  of  handle  and  rim ;  five  friezes  of  ornament — 
(i)  neck,  red  lattice  ;  (2)  shoulder,  red  scroll ;  (3)  red  palmette  scroll 
on  yellow  ground ;  (4)  white  meander  on  red  ground ;  (5)  lotos 
petals  oudined  in  blue-black  :  alternately  red  and  white.     17,  III. 

1222.  Similar  projections  ;  purple  bands  on  white  slip.     *io6,  II. 

1223.  Bands  of  yellow  and  purple-red.     48,  I. 

1224.  Coarse  fabric :  no  slip  :  horizontal  and  vertical  bands  of  purple- 
red,  painted  straight  on  to  the  clay.     F.  16. 

1225.  Black  bands  on  dull  red.     *io6,  II. 

1226.  Bull's  head  reduced  to  an  unperforated  boss :  traces  of  purple-red 
lattice.     7,  III. 

1227.  Red  lattice  on  neck  :  red  scrolls  and  black  and  red  concentric 
circles  on  shoulder.     Amathus,  93. 

1228.  Red  scrolls  on  shoulder.     *  Amathus,  97. 

1229.  Red  lattice  on  shoulder.     *  Amathus,  12']. 

1230.  Lotos  flowers,  red  edged  with  black,  on  shoulder  :  red  bands 
below.     Limassol,  M. 

(y)  Light  trare  :  plain. 

1236.    All  the  slip  worn  off.    88,1.  1237.   219,11.  1238.   19,  III. 

1239.    Plain:  coarse  clay  imitation.  K.  35.  1240.  Plain  reddish  ware.  20, III. 
1245.  Bull's  head  unperforated,  with  a  pitcher  by  the  side:  fairly  early  form : 
red  ware,  black  lines.     Amathus.     Cf.  Lou.  A  180  (polychrome). 

b.  Woman  and  Pitcher.     Cfi  Brit.  C  356  ff. :  Lou.  A  187  ff. 

a,  ^,  7,  early  form,  cf.  1201  ff. ;  S,  later  form,  cf.  1221  ff. 


CATALOGUE    OF    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    POTTERY.  79 

(a)    Wof)ia}i  modelled  {^ snoiv-man   iech7iique),  with  headdress,  6;c.,  stuck  on 
separately.     Red  ware  :  black  lines,  and  occasional  details  in  white. 

1251.  Concentric    circles    on    shoulder.       Cf.    KBH.    ccxvi.    28 :    Brit. 
C365.      126.  I. 

1252.  Black  trees  on  shoulder.     *io6,  II.     Cf.  Brit.  C  363. 

1253.  White  trees  on  shoulder.    *io6,  II.    Cf.  Z^/^.  A  191-2  :  sp.  in  Filzw. 

1254.  White  rosettes.     *io6,  II. 

1255.  Surface  black,  lustrous,  over-fired :  white  rosettes,  zigzags,  &c.  *  1 06,  II. 
1256-1260.  Five  more  similar  specimens  from  the  same  tomb.  *io6,  II. 
1261.    Black  and  white  trees.  1262.    Very  small  specimen.     B.  7. 

{&)   Wojiian  modelled  in  one  piece  of  clay.     Similar  red  ware. 

1266.  'Phoenician  palmette'  ornament  on  shoulder,  in  white,  outlined 
with  black  dots  :  band  of  black  chequers  round  greatest  girth.    126,  I. 

1267.  Naturalistic  trees  on  shoulder.     13,  III. 

N.  B. — Several  coarse  red-ware  vases  from  the  same  tomb  are  placed  near  this 

specimen. 

1268.  Black  trees  and  white  dotted  rosettes  :  olive-wreath  below.  30,  III. 

1269.  Black  lattice  band  round  greatest  girth. 

1270.  Red  ware  ://(?/«  .•  rather  later  form.     CEF.  97. 

1271.  Red  ware.  ^72,  II.  1272-3.  Amathus  (Tomb  number  lost). 

(y)    Woman  pressed  in  mould:  the  fringe  of  clay  has  not  been  removed, 
and  surroimds  the  Jigure  like  a  shroud. 

1276.  Red  ware:  black  lines :  black  and  white  rosettes  on  shoulder.  *72,  II. 

1277.  White  slip  ware  :  bands  of  red  paint.     *72,  II. 

(5)  Woman  fully  moulded :  later  form. 

1281.  Dull  painted  bands:  coarse  red  ware :  black  and  white  bands.  28,111. 

1282.  Plain  dull  smear.  1283.    Plain.     CEF.  39. 

1284.  Plain  smooth  light-red  ware.     57,  II. 

1285.  Traces  of  polychrome  decoration  :  loop-coil,  &c.     *2  6,  I. 

N.  B. — Another  broken  specimen  from  the  same  tomb. 

1286.  Red  ware.     Kuklia.  1287.    Red  ware.     Amathus,  80. 

1288.  Traces  of  polychrome  ornamentation.     Atnathus,  80. 

1289.  Plain.     Amathus,  97*. 

(e)  Figure,  of  good  Greek  style,  standing  above  the  pitcher. 

1290.  Red  clay :  black  loop-coil.    *94,  II.  1291.    *ii7. 
1293-1296.    [456-459.]     Kurion. 

{0  A  pair  of  draped  female  figures,  of  good  Greek  style,  well  moulded, 
standing  above  the  pitcher. 
1301.    Traces  of  polychrome  ornamentation.     *72,  II. 

(»;)  Eros  and  Psyche  group,  quite  detached  from  the  pitcher. 

1311-2.  White  slip:  traces  of  red  and  black  paint:  much  damaged.  *72,  II. 

1313.  Smooth  light-red  slip :  details  of  group  in  red :  black-paint  orna- 
mentation, in  friezes  :  (i)  olive  leaves,  (2)  lattice,  (3)  scrolls.  *26, 1. 
Same  ware  as  920,  920  a,  1080  ff.  Cf.  Brit.  C  371 :  Lou.  A  247-8  : 
Fitzw. 

(6)  Common  workmanship :  pitcher  without  figure. 

1321.    Traces  of  red  paint.    88,  II.  1322.    Similar.    [460.]    Kurion. 


8o  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

1330.    Same  shape  :  wiihout  spout  or  figure  :  dull  red  ware ;  black  bands 
and  white  details. 

N.  B. — Several  fragmentary  duplicates  in  the  Tomb  Groups  referred  to  have  not  been 

numbered. 


LAMPS. 

A.  Graeco-Phoenician.     The  type — a  plain  bowl  with  rim  pinched^ 
at.one  side  into  a  nozzle  or  wick-holder — is  found  in  XVIII  Dvn.  layers  at  . 
Tell-cl-Hesy  (Bliss,  MMC.  fig.  174);  but  not  in  Cyprus  in  the  Bronze  AgejjL'w.y^ 
except  one  doubtful  sp.  from  Kalopsida  (Ashm.  ]\Ius. ;  ].  II.  S.  xvii,  fig.  4)  :        ''     • 
it  occurs,  undated,  in  Phoenicia,  and  persists  in  mod.  Malta  and  Sicily. 

The  form  develops  as  follows : — 

VIII-VII  cent. :  deep:  no  distinct  rim:  deeply  pinched:  cf.Tell-el-Hesy. 
.  ,   V-IV  cent.:  shallower:  base  much  broader  than  before:  slight  rim. 

!\  IV-III  cent. :  flat-bottomed:  wide  flat  rim  pinched  abruptly:  slit  narrow. 
J  The  last  type  is  occasionally  found  in  bronze  and  iron. 

^    1301-9.  H.O-05-0-025.D.O-I5-0-095.    1307.  Two  nozzles.    1308. Three. 

B.  Hellenic.  Rim  more  or  less  incurved,  to  cover  the  bowl:  nozzle 
tubular:  imported  black  glazed  ware;  and  native  imitations,  badly 
varnished  or  plain. 

1310-20.  Various.  1310.  Cypriote.  ^/«fl//^«.f,  58.  1317.  Attic. /*<?/?',  20, III. 

C.  Hellenistic  and  Graeco-Roman.  Bowl  closed  by  concave  per- 
forated cover  with  stamped  ornament :  the  original  pinched  fabric  is  often 
indicated  by  a  scroll  ornament  on  each  side  of  the  nozzle  (1335-1366). 
Some  have  a  ring-handle  opposite  to  the  nozzle  (i  367-1401) :  it  somedmes 
bears  a  triangular  ornamental  plate  (i 397-1401):  in  late  lamps  it  is 
reduced  to  an  ornament  (1402)  or  to  an  unperforated  spur  (14 16-14 19.) 

1321-2.  Red  varnish.     A.P.diC.  1365.  Trophy:      between     seated 

1328.  Plain.     Poli,  52,  II.  mourners,    man    and   woman. 

1337.  Birdonaspray  (freq.)  [1045.]  [1052.]     Soliais,  \^%^. 

1339.  Eagle  and  standard.  1366.  Draped  figure  offers  sacrifice 

1341.  Boar  and  hound.     Kuklia.  at  an  altar  with  trophies :  inscr. 

1342.  Bird  and  vase.     A.  P.  di  C.  illeg.     [1050.] 
1878.  1371.  With  handle:  star.  Poll,  26,  II. 

1347.  Kneeling  bull.     Ktildia.  1377.  Vine  clusters  :  inscr.  on  base 

1351.   Gorgoneion.     Soliais,  1883.  <tROL)C0OPOY.  ^./'.^//C.  1878. 

1353.  Two  Erotes,  laden.     [1020].  1379.     Peacock    on    pomegranate 

1355.  Winged    Eros,    inscr.    illeg.  spray.     [108 1.] 
[iio6.|     Cf.  1389.  1384.Athene:headinprofile.[io54.] 

1356.  Apollo  Kiiharoedos,  seated.  1385-6.    Zeus  Amnion :    full  fuce. 
Kurion,  1883.  [1049-71.] 

1358.  Herakles  and  Centaur.  [lOT 5.]  1393.  Herakles  leading  kids.  A.  P. 
1360-2.  Gladiators.     [1041,  2000.]  di  C. 

1364.   Victorious    horseman    to    1.:  1394. Zeus  Olympios  seated.  [1006.] 
full  face.  1401.  Ship:  crew  raise  mast,  and  row. 

D.  Byzantine,  {a)  Nozzle  becomes  long,  with  body  vase-like  (1410-1); 
or  coalesces  with  body;  {b)  pear-shaped  :  a  prominent  rim  encloses  both 
orifices  (141  7-9) ;  (c)  circular  :  top  and  bottom  have  incised  ornaments  ; 
the  nozzle  is  a  mere  hole  in  the  margin  of  the  top  (1420  flf.).  Many 
Graeco  Roman  types  persist. 


CATALOGUE    OF    ATTIC    BLACK-FIGURED    VASES.  8l 

1396.  Juggler.  1416.  Cross.     Kiiklia. 

1402.  Head  for  handle.     Ktiklia.        1417.  Long  form  :  small  handle. 

1406.  Knob  on  handle.    Poh',  ^2,11.  1419.    Conventional   trees.     (Type 

1410.  Vase-like :  long  nozzle. -ATz^/^/Za.         b.)  [1350.]      Vom. 

1414.  Biga.  1426.  Kurion,  1883.     Cf.  1424-7. 


IMPORTED  VASES  OF  GREEK  FABRICS. 

Proto-Korinthian. 

1501.    Aryballos,  tapering  below  :    yellowish  glossy  clay :  lustrous  red 
paint :  two  friezes  of  running  dogs,  and  plain  bands  between.    [696.] 
From  an  early  Graeco-Phoenician  tomb  at  Limassol,  1883.    [Introd.    ^ 
p.  8;   KBH.  clii.  18,  p.  456;   Reinach,  Chroniques,  p.  199.     Same 
fabric  iiom  Ama/hus  241  (Brit.  Mus.  94/11/1/501):  qX.Lou.  A  235.] 

Rhodian. 

1511.  Amphora  with  tall  pear-shaped  body:  lustrous  black  and  dull 
purple-red  bands.     Rhodian  clay.     Cf.  Bihl.  Nat.  4734.  Poll. 

1512.  Skyphos  with  horizontal  handles  on  rim  :  inside  and  upper  part  of 
outside,  lustrous  black :  lower  part  ornamented  with  thin  vertical  lines 
of  black  :  several  bands  of  purple-red  laid  over  the  black  varnish. 
Rhodian  clay.     Poll. 

1513.  Lekythos:  only  neck  and  shoulder  preserved  :  cf.  form  of  1588  ff. : 
archaic  lotos  ornament  on  shoulder:  staff- ornament  above  it: 
meander  on  neck :  black  paint  very  slightly  lustrous,  and  nearly  all 
fallen  off.     Rhodian  clay.     Poll,  210,  JI. 

1514.  Lekythos :  small,  with  rather  long  simple  neck  :  black  lustreless 
dashes  on  shoulder;  coarse  fabric,  not  Cypriote  clay:  perhaps 
Rhodian.     Kuklia. 

Attic  Black-figured  Vases  ^. 

Amphorae  with  cover.     Black  glazed,  except  a  rectangular  patiel,  in 
which  IS  the  same  representation  on  each  side. 

1541.  A  nude  youth  rides  a  prancing  horse  with  thick  neck  and  haunches 
and  thin  legs.    Details  incised  sparingly  :  horse's  mane  in  red,  and    V 
two  red  bands  all  round  the  vase  close  below  the  panels.    Cf.  Lou. 

E  109,  184.     *2i6,  II. 

1542.  Four  nude  bearded  men  are  dancing :  three  carry  wreaths  on  their 
wrists.     Details  incised  sparingly :  eye  in  profile  :   hair  and  breasts  1^ 
purple-red  :  simple  black-figured  lotos  pattern  above  the  figures.     Cf. 
Brit.  B  181.     The  style  shows  a  marked  likeness  to  that  of  Amasis. 
Tamassos,  A.  16. 

1543.  Panel  of  similar  style,  but  not  quite  so  well  painted :  much 
damaged.  One  panel  only.  A  bearded  man  is  seated  to  right  on 
a  folding  stool  with  crossed  legs  ending  in  long  feet :  headdress  with 
long  flap  behind  ears,  and  purple-red  fillet  over  it :  raised  left  hand 
grasps  a  spear,  right  mutilated :  drapery  black  and  purple-red. 
Before  him  stands  a  female  figure  in  red  and  black  striped  chiton, 
girt  at  the  waist,  with  red  apoptygma :  the  arms  hang  stiffly  by  the 

^  All  from  Poll  except  those  otherwise  indicated. 
Figure  followed  by  Roman  numeral  =  Excavation  of  1SS6,  Tomb  and  Necropolis. 
Figure  preceded  by  letter  =  Excavation  of  18S9-90,  Site  and  Tomb. 

G 


82  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

sides ;  elbows  slightly  bent.  Behind  the  seated  figure  stands  a  nude 
youth,  addressing  him  with  raised  left  hand  :  right  holds  a  spear : 
mass  of  hair,  confined  by  a  fillet,  on  back  of  neck.  Fringe  of 
interlaced  lotos-buds  in  the  top  of  the  panel.  Same  scheme  as 
Louvre  F  376,  which  has  two  accessory  figures.     52,  II. 

Kylikes. 

(a)  Capacious  bowl  on  high  foot :  black  rim  and  base  :  frieze  of  figures 
between  palmeltes  on  a  level  with  the  handles :  both  sides  alike.  Details 
incised,  and  in  ivhite  and  red.     Cf.  Brit.  B  388  ff. 

s^    1550.    Horseman  to  right  between  two  advancing  nude  figures,  flanked 
by  two  draped  spectators  each  side.     218,  II. 
1551.    Horseman  to  right  between  two  draped  spectators,  flanked  by  two 
.  .  nude  figures  running  to  right :  the  foremost  looks  back.     On  one 

side  an  extra   spectator  is  added  at  the  left  end,  to  fill  the  space. 
Horse's  mane  and  tail  white.     214,  11. 
V '       1552.    Similar.     ]M.  25. 

1553.  Combat  of  lion   and  man  armed   with  sword,  between   draped 
1/                 spectators :  then  two  nude  figures  running  up  with  cloaks  on  left 

arms :  all  flanked  by  two  more  spectators  at  each  end. 

1554.  Deeper  form  with  low  foot.   Horseman  to  right  with  spear,  between 
two  nude  figures  walking  to  right :  the  foremost  looks  back  :  flanked 

W  by  draped  spectators,  each  with  a  staff".     Graffito  N  inside  bottom. 

^  T.  2.     Cf  Brit.  B  408  {Poll)  with  centaur. 

(/3)  Slender  form  {Kleinmeister  type)  :  foot  and  handles  black:  rim  and 
body  left  red :  figure  or  small  group  on  rim,  the  same  each  side.  Details 
incised,  and  ifi  white  and  red. 

/f  1556.  Swan  displayed :  below,  XAIPEKAIfllElEY,  between  palmettes. 
76,  II.  Cf.  same  inscri[Hion,  91,  II,  published  KBH.  cix.  11  ;  cf 
Brit.  Mus.  B.  415-6,  422-3,  601-12.  Cambridge  (Fitzwilliam),  65 
and  68.     Louvre,  F  97. 

1557.  Stag  feeding  to  r.     Cf.  Lou.  1621.    Lion  to  r. :  palmettes  below. 
E  63,  F  94.     *2i6,  II.  1622.    Lion  to  1. :  poor:  no  details. 

1558.  Hare  running  to  1.     144,  II.     1623.    Horseman  to  right.     68,11. 

1559.  Horseman  to  right.    244,  II.     1623a.  Horseman  to  right:  several 
1560-1561.     Horseman    to  right.  fragments. 

Lou.  A  243  (Cypr.).     *239,  II.    1624.    Wrestlers.     228,  II. 

1562.  Wrestlers.      244,  II.  1625.    Man  attacking  lion.    210,  II. 

1563.  INIan  attacking  lion.  y      1626.    Two  men  dancing  face   to 

1564.  Plain.      244,11.  face.     215,  IL 

1565.  Plain.     T.  2.  1627.    Three  dancing;  two  to  right, 

one  facing. 

1566.  No  foot :  black  rim  :  plain.        1628-1629.   Black  rim  :  red  glazed 

bowl.    176,11.;  158,11. 

(y)  Large  flat  bowl  on  low  foot. 

1567.  Black  outside  :  inside  red  :  a  draped  nymph,  in  flight  to  right,  is 
pursued  by  a  satyr,  at  whom  she  lof)ks  back  :  a  few  details  carelessly 
incised  :  hair  and  hem  of  drapery  in  purple-red.  Cf.  Lou.  E  240. 
Tamassos,  A.  '12. 

1568.  Black  inside :  outside  red :  each  handle  is  supported  by  a  pair  of 
\/      rampant  lions,  which  look  back  at  a  bearded  figure  (Dionysos  ?)  in 

the  middle  of  each  side,  who  stands  to  right  and  holds  ivy  sprays  in 


V 


CATALOGUE    OF    ATTIC    BLACK-FIGURED    VASES.  83 

each  hand  :  red  and  white  details  :  narrow  border  of  ivy  leaves  :  very 
fine  work.     Brit.  B.  458.     KBH.  clxxxiv.  2.     228,  II. 

1609.  Black  inside  and  out :  no  foot,  but  hemispherical  boss  in  centre 
inside,  surrounded  by  black-fired  staff"-ornament. 

1610.  Black  inside  and  out :  b.  f.  Gorgoneion  in  centre  inside,  carelessly 
drawn  :  low  foot :  details  incised,  and  in  red  and  white :  fragmen- 
tary.    206,  II. 

(8)  Form  like  (0),  but  heavier :  black  stem  and  rim  :  band  of  b.f.  lotos  and 
palmette  ornaments  level  with  handles  ;  often  with  details  iji  white  and  red. 

1569.    147,11.  I    1577.  (C.E.F.)45.J.H.S.xii.  314. 


y 


1578-1579.    *2i6,  11." 
1580-1581.    *239,  II. 

1618.  177,  II. 

1619.  234. 


=    A 


\y    ~ 


1570.    164,  II. 

1571-1572.    159,  II.  \f 

1573-1574.    244,  II. 

1575.  177,11. 

1576.  171,  II. 

1582.  Similar :  bands  of  stafF-ornament  and  ivy  and  olive  wreaths,  with 
rays  below.     177,  II. 

1583.  Similar.     F.  19. 

1584.  Similar :  olive-wreath,  with  rays  below :  rim  red  :  on  each  side 
two  b.  f.  swans  displayed :  palmettes  by  handles  :  no  incised  or 
coloured  details. 

(f)  Deep  bowl  without  distinct  stem  :  black  base  and  rim :  band  of  b.f. 
figures  on  a  level  with  the  handles :  coarse  and  careless :  no  ificised  details. 

158.5.    Two    sphinxes,    facing   each    side :    between   palmettes  :    white  ^   ~ 

details.     51,  II.  <\^  /t/ 

1586.  (A)  Sphinx  :  (B)  male  figure  running  to  right  and  looking  back  : 
each  between  two  spectators:  red  and  white  details,     in,  II. 

1587.  Frieze  of  alternate  palmettes  and  naturalistic  vines :  no  details. 
KBH.  clxxxiii.  3.     175,  II. 

1587  a.   Crested  helmet  to  right,  between  large  eyes :  details  in  white. 

i59»  II- 
Lekythi. 

(a)  Shorter  and  xvider  form :  black  base :  rather  careless  work :  a  few 
details  incised :  red  used  sparingly,  but  not  white.     Cf.  Brit.  B  567,  572-3, 

579. 

1588.  A  nude  male  figure  with  drapery  on  extended  right  arm  strides 
to  right  towards  a  standing  draped  figure  facing  him  :  behind  him 
another  draped  figure  is  looking  on  :  on  shoulder  a  reversed  lotos 
between  two  rosettes,  flanked  by  a  pair  of  small  draped  figures. 

1589.  One  warrior  flies  to  right  from  another,  at  whom  he  looks  back  : 
a  third  advances  from  right  to  support  him :  each  wears  crested 
Corinthian  helmet,  chiton,  and  shield :  on  shoulder  an  inverted  lotos 
between  two  ivy  leaves. 

1590.  Two  warriors  with  crested  Corinthian  helmets,  breast-plates,  shields, 
ancf  dagger-swords,  advance  against  each  other,  between  two 
youthful  spectators  in  himatia  :  on  shoulder  an  animal  between 
two  ivy  leaves. 

1591.  Two  nude  boys  run  to  left ;  the  foremost  carries  drapery  on  his 
right  arm :  on  shoulder  a  palmette  between  two  ivy  leaves. 

1630.    Fragmentary  :  on  shoulder  staff"-ornament  with  dots  between. 

G  2 


84  CYPRUS    MUSEUM   CATALOGUE. 

(0)  Taller  f 01- m  :  black  base:  staff-ornament  on  shoulder :  work  careless: 
a  few  incised  lines  :  red  and  white  details  used  sparingly. 

1592.  A  draped  female  is  seated  spinning  on  a  chair  to  right  in  front  of 
an  archaic  tree  of  four  branches  and  between  a  pair  of  eyes. 
Tarnassos,  A.  2. 

(y)  Same  form :  black  base :  staff-ornament  on  shoulder :  careless  work : 
incised  lines  more  numerous,  red  and  white  more  freely  used,  the  latter  always 
for  fltsh  parts  of  females.     Dionysiac  scenes. 

1593.  A  nymph  retires  to  right  from  a  bearded  satyr,  at  whom  she 
looks  back :  a  laden  vine  in  the  background ;  stem  omitted,  so  that 
it  seems  to  spring  out  of  the  satyr's  shoulders.     200,  II. 

1594.  Bearded  Dionysos,  in  white  chiton  and  black  himalion,  walks  to 
right  in  front  of  a  vine,  looking  back  to  left  :  a  nymph  approaches 
him  from  each  side,  scantily  draped,  and  astride  upon  an  ass  : 
behind  each  nymph  is  a  satyr  dancing  to  right,  looking  behind  him 
and  carrying  a  tall  white  wine  amphora.     58,  II. 

1595.  Quadriga  to  right  with  a  draped  charioteer  stepping  into  it :  a 
draped  female  figure  is  seated  in  front  of  the  horses :  bearded 
Dionysos  to  left  behind  the  team,  facing  a  draped  figure  to  right : 
vine  in  background.     Cf.  Lou.  F  526  ff.     50,  III. 

(5)  Similar  form :  yellowish-white  slip  background. 

1596.  Similar  quadriga  and  charioteer :  two  youthful  figures  converse 
with  raised  hands  behind  the  horses  :  vine  in  background  :  in  front 
of  the  horses  a  satyr  dances  to  right,  looking  back  at  a  deer  which 
follows  him  :  lines  freely  incised  :  red  details  rare  :  meander  band 
above  :  staft-ornament  on  shoulder.     Cf  Lou.  L  40.     39,  II. 

1597.  Same  background  :  biga  drawn  by  winged  horses  to  right : 
meander  above  :  three  white  lines  on  the  black  body  below :  cf.  Brit. 
B  659.    K.  12. 

1598.  Similar  :  palmette  coil  in  front  and  lattice  band  below  staff- 
ornament  on  shoulder.     Cf.  Brit.  B  274-7.     13,  II. 

1599.  Similar  :  ivy  spray  and  lattice  band  :  staff-ornament  (cf.  vase  from 
Amaihus,  no,  in  British  Museum).      13,  11. 

1606.  Similar :  fragmentary.     58,  II. 
1608.    Similar:  fragmentary.     *2i6,  II. 

1607.  Similar  :  fragmentary. 

{i)  Similar  form:  plain  black  body.     Cf  Brit.  (Room  II,  shelf  37). 

1600.  Palmette  ornaments  on  shoulder.     *72,  II.    (R.  f.  Tomb  Group.) 

1601.  Palmette  ornaments  on  shoulder.     13,  I. 

1602.  Staff-ornament  on  shoulder.     *io6,  II.    (R.  f  Tomb  Group.) 

1603.  Oenochoe  of  very  graceful  form  influenced  by  the  native  Cypriote 
\J        type  (1043  flf.),   and   probably  especially  made  for  exportation  to 

Cyprus  (cf  KBH.  frontispiece  8  a  and  pp.  497  ff.  E.  T.).  Black 
glaze,  with  large  panel  in  front :  small  roundels,  painted  red,  on  lip 
and  at  base  of  handle,  which  is  of  two  rolls  of  clay  like  that  of  the 
Cypriote  oenochoae  :  b.  f.  staff-ornament  on  a  red  band  round  neck 
and  along  the  top  of  panel :  r.  f  palmette  below  base  of  handle. 
Two  bearded  warriors,  with  crested  Corinthian  helmets  pushed  back, 
clothed  in  chiton,  breastplate,  embroidered  himation,  and  one  greave, 
are  seated  playing  draughts.     He   on  the  left    lays  his  right    hand 


/ 


/i 


CATALOGUE    OF    HELLENIC    POTTERY.  85 

on  the  nearest  of  six  pieces  on  the  board :  the  other  is  about  to  do 
the  same :  each  holds  two  spears.  Behind  each  player  another 
bearded  warrior  retires  looking  back  towards  the  game,  similarly 
clad,  but  with  helmet  drawn  down  over  his  face  and  with  sword  and 
shield  instead  of  spear.  Details  incised  freely ;  eyes  full  face  ;  crests, 
beards,  greaves,  and  details  of  chitons  in  red ;  a  few  details  in  white  on 
shield  rims :  dashes  of  white  on  and  above  the  helmet  on  the  right 
look  like  a  plume  of  feathers,  but  are  probably  accidental.  Poli, 
*239,  II. 

The  attendant  warriors  constitute  this  a  distinct  type  from  any  in  British  Museum 
Vase  Catalogue,  ii.  27  (Walters),  or  in  Berl.  Vasensammlung  (Furtw,). 

1609-1610,  1618-1619,  1621-1629.  (Kylikes.)  1630.  (Lekythos) : 
found  later:  pp.  82-83.. 

(f)  Large  broad  body. 

1631.  Dionysiac  scene :  palmette  scroll  on  shoulder :  [only  neck  and 
shoulder].     *  117,  I.. 

Rhyton. 

1638-1639.  A  pair  of  fantastic  vases :  the  body  in  the  shape  of  a  female 
head,  with  trilobate  neck  and  handle,  like  an  oenochoe.  The  faces 
are  of  somewhat  archaic  modelling  and  are  left  red ;  details  in  black ; 
white  on  eyes  and  hair ;  traces  of  red  on  cheeks.  The  rest  of  the 
vase  is  varnished  black.  Cf  Furtw.  Berl.  Vasensammlung,  2 191  ff. 
PI.  VII,  form  288  :  Lou.  H  51  ff.     Amalhus,  91*. 

Attic  Red-Figured  Vases. 

1645.  Fragments,  apparently  of  a  lekythos,  of  the  finest  style,  with  the 
drapery  very  fully  studied.  A  young  bride  (?)  with  long  flowing 
hair  sits  on  a  high  stool  to  right :  her  head  is  bent  low,  and  her 
chin  rests  on  the  fingers  of  her  left  hand ;  her  right,  exposed  from 
the  shoulder,  rests  in  her  lap.  Before  her  a  female  attendant  brings 
a  large  flat  basket  in  both  hands ;  behind,  another  girl  with  bare 
feet  advances  nearly  full  face  and  slightly  inclined  towards  the  seated 
figure  :  her  right  hand  hangs  freely  behind,  her  left  across  her  body. 

1646-1650.    Fragments  of  hydriae  :  coarse  work. 

1651.  Neck  of  amphora  :  three  heads  of  youths  :  coarse  work.     [749-] 

1652.  Amphora  :  neck  and  shoulder  broken.  A.  On  a  meander  band 
stands  a  draped  female  figure  to  right,  holding  a  staff  in  right  hand, 
and  extending  left.  B.  Similar  figure  with  modifications :  muti- 
lated.    134. 

Kotyle.  Deep  form,  with  horizontal  handles  on  rim.     Cf.  1801. 

1652  a.  Palmette  below  each  handle :  on  each  side  two  youths  in  himatia 
stand  facing  each  other  :  between  their  heads  a  sort  of  escutcheon 
^.     [1692.]     Cf.  Brit.  F  126.     158,  II. 

Kylikes.    Flat  form  on  low  foot. 

1653.  Black  outside,  mside  red  glaze:  black  central  medallion.  A 
youthful  figure  wrapped  in  himation  walks  briskly  to  right,  looking 

^  backwards  and  downwards  :  wreath  on  hair  in  red  paint ;  outline  of 
back  of  head  incised  :  good  work :  FT  graffito  inside  base. 


86  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

1654.  Black,  except  central  medallion,  which  has  been  spoiled  at  an 
early    stage,    and   contains    only    some   blocking-out,    and   a   few 

y      strokes  cancelling  the  representation. 

Lekythi. 

(a)  Large  globular  forvi  {aryballoid) .  ivilhout  distinct  shoulder. 

1655.  Female  figure  closely  draped,  to  right,  looking  downwards ; 
addressed  by  flying  Eros,  who  extends  left  hand :  r.  f  palmettes 
under  handle  :  small  collar  with  stalT-ornament  round  base  of  neck : 
fine  red-glaze  lines  on  drapery:  fragmentary.     ^72,  II. 

(3)    Tall  narrotv/orm,  with  nearly  flat  shoulder. 

1656.  A  bearded  man  with  long  hair,  in  short  chiton  elaborately  em- 
broidered, dances  to  right,  looking  behind  him,  arms  on  hips : 
behind  him  a  small  tree  :  in  front  a  cypress  or  large  thyrsos  :  b.  f. 
meander  above  and  below:  palmette  scroll  on  shoulder,     13,  I. 

1657.  A  draped  female  figure,  with  hair  in  net,  advances  to  right,  hold- 
ing a  patera  in  right  hand,  and  extending  left  palm  upwards  :  a  scarf 
suspended  in  field  behind  :  b.  f.  meander  above :  palmette  coil  on 
shoulder.     25,  III. 

1658.  A  winged  female  figure  (Nike  ?)  advances  to  right  from  under  a 
portico  (one  column  only),  extending  both  hands.     Amathus,  98. 

{y}  Small  globular  body,  aryballoid. 

1659.  Nike  to  right  is  about  to  place  a  garland  upon  a  small  hearth  : 
garland,  and  objects  on  altar,  in  dull  white  :  careless  work.     75,  II. 

1660.  A  girl  heavily  draped,  with  hair  in  net,  balances  a  stick  on  the  end 
in  her  right  hand :  in  front  a  scroll  :  egg-and-dart  moulding 
below.     158,  I. 

1661.  A  woman  heavily  draped  holds  a  mirror  (?  patera)  over  a  small  base 
or  altar  :  details  in  dull  white.     B.  13. 

1662.  Eros  to  right,  ])oiscd  for  a  dive  (or  starting  for  a  race,  cf.  Brit. 
E  269):  behind  him,  below,  a  plain  stele,     220,  II. 

1663.  A  girl  walking  to  right  holds  a  box  in  her  left  hand,  looks  behind 
her,  and  stretches  out  a  napkin  in  her  rigiit  hand.     20,  III. 

1664.  A  woman  stoops  to  right,  with  arms  outstretched  as  if  to  call  a 
child  :  egg-and-dart  below. 

1665.  Sphinx  seated  to  right.     K.  12. 

1666.  Sphinx  seated  to  left.     B.  9. 

1667.  Female  head  to  right ;  in  front  a  scroll.     20,  III. 

1668.  A  dappled  fawn  skips  to  right :  behind  it  a  palm-tree.  (Askos 
style.)     239,  II. 

1669.  Trotting  horse  to  left.     J.  H.  S.  xii.  314.     (C.  E.  F.)  41. 

1670.  Olive-wreath  on  shoulder :  meander  below :  statf-ornament 
above.     J.  H.  S.  xii.  309.     (C.  E.  F.)  6. 

1671.  B.  f.  guilloche  ZZZ  on  red  band.     75,  I. 

1672.  Plain  red  band.   117, 1.      16.3,    Plain  red  band.     158,!. 
1674.    Palmette.     85,  II.  1675.    Palmette.     60,  I. 

1676.  Vd.\mQ{{Q.Kuklia,C-^-       1676  a.  Palmetles.     Amathus,  \r,^*. 

1677.  Plain.  Amathus,  100.  1678.    Palmette.     96,  I, 
1679.    Plain.     75,  I.  1680.    Plain  reeded.     72,  I. 

1681.    Plain  reeded.     26,  I.         1682.    Plain  lotos-petal  reeding.  39,  III. 
1683.    Cup  :  cf.  1825  :  a  bald  bearded  satyr  tries  to  catch  a  ftbort  snafee. 
106.  \.\.  ,<> 


CATALOGUE  OF  HELLENIC  POTTERY. 


87 


(5)  Similar  for  tn  :  body  left  red  and  covered  with  a  network  of  thin  glaze, 
ivith  dull  white  dots  at  the  intersections :  with  other  forms  in  the  same  style. 
1684.    164,11.  1685.    (C.E.  F.)C. 

16S6.    Small  amphora  with  slender  handles  on  neck.     Amathus,  12"].     ■.,_ 

1687.  Pyxis:  egg-and-dart  band  on  side  and  twice  on  lid.      17,  III. 

1688.  Pyxis  :  plain,  small.      13,  I. 

Lamp-filler  :  d.f  spiral  ornaments. 

1689.  Poli{C.  E.  F.)  79  .?    J.  H.  S.  xii.  326.    Cf.  Louvre  (Myrina),  582. 

1690.  Salamis,  C.  18.     Badly  damaged. 

1691.  Amaihiis,  ^0().  [I692]  =  i652  (7.  kotyle. 

Miscellaneous. 
1696.    Fragmentary  rim  with  r.  f.  olive-wreath.     Poll  (C.  E.  F.)  F. 
1698.    Attic  white   lekythos :    neck   and   part   of  shoulder.       Cf.   (from 
Cyprus)  Lou.  A  256,  and  J.  H.  S.  xii.  p.  315,  fig.  2,  PI.  xiv. 

Aski. 

'  A.  Simple  body :  handle  straight  across  from  rim  of  spout  to 
opposite  edge  of  top.  The  top  is  thus  divided  into  two  equal 
fields,  which  are  usually  filled  by  a  pair  of  similar  figures 
heraldically  opposed  round  the  spout.  Cf.  Brit.  E  722-766: 
F  32-34,  1 19-120. 

(a)   The  same  subject  is  repeated. 

1701.  Female  heads.     20,  III. 

1702.  Female  heads,  each  with  fore 
part  of  a  cat  in  front.    78,  I. 

1703.  Griffins.      26,  I. 

1704.  Griffins.  142,  II.      Cf.  KBH. 
cxviii.  I  =  clxxxiii.  4. 

1705.  Sphinxes.       182,    II.       (Cf. 
KBH.  cxviii.  2  =  clxxxiii.  5.) 

1706.  Sphinxes.     26,  I. 

1707.  Cats.  74  T.  Cf.Zo«.K62-3. 

1708.  Cats.  76,1. 


1709. 

Cats.     78,  I. 

1710. 

Cats.     78,  I. 

1711. 

Hares.      146,  II. 

1712. 

Hares.    €1  on  bottom. 

1713. 

Geese.     72,  II. 

1714. 

Geese.     88,11. 

1715. 

Geese.     89,  II. 

1716. 

Geese.     B.  9. 

1718. 

Two  palmettes.     125,  II. 

1719. 

Two  palmettes.      B.  8.     Cf. 

KBH.  clxxxiii.  3. 

(/3)  A  pair  of  dissimilar  figures  forming  one  subject. 


1721.  Cat  and   hare  (perhaps  two 
cats).     72,  II. 

1722.  Cat  and  hare. 

1723.  Cat  and  goose. 

1724.  Cat  and  goose. 

1725.  Cat  and  goose. 

1726.  Cat  and  goose. 

1727.  Cat  and  goose. 
Cat  and  goose. 


Lou.  H  500. 


1728 
1729 
1730 
1731. 


Cat  and  goose. 


Cat  and  dog. 
Cat  and  dog. 

1732.  Cat  and  dog : 
178,11. 

1733.  Cat  and  lion. 

1734.  Hare  and  dog. 

1735.  Hare  and  dog. 


91,  I. 

19,  III. 

21,  III. 

21,  III. 

49,  111. 

72,  II. 

117,  I. 

K.  12. 
22. 

146,  II. 
coarse  make. 

26,  I. 
29,  III. 
29,111. 


1736.  Hare  and  lion. 
14,111. 

1737.  Hare  and  lion.     B.  11. 

1738.  Dog  and  goose.     226,  II. 

1739.  Nude    bald  dwarf,  shooting 
at  Pegasos.     239,  II. 

1740.  Staff-ornament.     18,  III. 

1741.  Plain  black  moulded  circles. 
C.E.F. 

1742-1753.   Plain. 
1752-1753.  A  pair. 

1754.  Moulded  top. 

1755.  Moulded  top. 

1756.  Native  imitation,  reddish  clay 
unglazed,  58,  1. 

1757-1760. 


26,  I. 
29,  I. 

78,1. 


n,.^ 


88  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

B.  Taller  body,  with  central  vertical  perforation :  spout  and 
handle  like  (A). 

1761.  Plain  black.     72,  II.  1765.     Olive-wreath,       perforation 

1762.  Plain  black.     83,  I.  large    and    expanding    above. 

1763.  Plain  black.     83,  I.  75,  I. 

1764.  Olive-wreath.     26,  I. 

C.  Same  shape  as  (B),  but  no  central  perforation  :  figure 
stamped  in  relief :  black  varnish  :  handle  of  two  parallel  strips. 

1771.  Gorgoneion.     Cf.  Bril.  G  54  flf.     158,  II. 

1772.  Negro  head,  full  face.  158,  II.  Cf.  sp.  in  Cambr.,  Fitzw.  Mus. 
{Poll,  C.  E.  F.) :  Louvre,  H  333. 

1773.  Bearded  satyr  head,  full  face.     96,  I.     Cf.  Brit.  G  69  ff. 

1774.  Skylla  :  full  length  to  left.     85,11. 

1775.  Skylla  :  full  length  to  left.  159,  II.  Cf.  Sphinx,  J.  H.  S;  xii.  321 
{Poli). 

1776.  Oblong  plaque,  rather  clumsily  applied  to  the  rounded  top. 
Archaistic  bearded  Dionysos,  in  crinkled  chiton,  drives  to  right 
in  a  chariot  drawn  by  two  panthers,  which  are  wreathed  in  ivy :  he 
holds  in  his  raised  left  hand  the  thyrsos,  and  extends  a  kantharos 
in  his  right  towards  a  cluster  of  laden  vines  in  the  background. 
21.  III. 

D.  Flat  body :  strainer  or  covered  opening  in  centre  :  small 
circular  handle  set  at  right  angles  to  the  spout,  so  that  the  top 
is  divided  into  two  fields,  of  one  and  three  quadrants  respec- 
tively. 

(a)  Spout /or??ied  by  an  animaf  s  head. 

1781.  Cat  and  dog  :  in  small  field  a  Hon,  whose  head  is  moulded  in  relief 
and  forms  the  spout.     Cf  Brit.  E  764  :  Lou.  K  397.     54,  II. 

(/3)  Palmette  in  s??iall  field :  plain  spoilt.     Cf.  Brit.  E  763  :  Lou.  K  399. 

1782.  Goose.     88,  II.  1790.    Plain  black  glaze,  lion  spout. 

1783.  Cat  and  lion.     76,  I.  58,  I. 

1784.  Cat  and  dog.     60,  I.  1791.    Plain,    ribbed    body  :     small 

1785.  Two  cats.     75,11-  cover  in  central  opening.     26,1. 

1786.  Three  palmettes.     82,1.  1792.  Plain,  ribbed  body:  small  cover: 

1787.  Olive-wreath.     K.  35.  Hon  head  for  spout.     Cf.  Brit. 

1788.  Plain  black  glaze.     146,  II.  G  82  ff.     26,  I. 

1789.  Plain  black  glaze.  158,  1793.  Plain,  ribbed  body:  small  cover: 
II.  lion  head  for  spout.     26,  I. 

E.  Fancy  shapes. 

1795.  Duck :  plain  spout  on  tail,  which  is  joined  by  handle  to  back 
of  head:  body  red:  black  spout,  handle,  and  details.  B.  12.  Cf. 
Lou.  H  96. 

1796.  Knuckle-bone:  small  spout :  handle  like  (A) :  plain  black  varnish. 
Cf  Lou.  H  129.     26,  I. 

1797.  Knuckle-bone:  small  spout:  handle  like  (A).     Amathus,  ^t^. 

Types  of  Plain  Black-Glazed  Attic  Vases  :  all  from  Poli, 

Kotyle.  ^^^^^^  '^°'- 

1801.   Deep,  with  two  horizontal  handles  and  slight  rim. 


CATALOGUE  OF  HELLENIC  POTTERY. 


89 


1806.  Similar:  thin  curved  handles. 

1807.  Hemispherical:  two  horizon- 
tal handles. 

1808.  Shallower,   approaching    to 
kylix-shape. 


1802.  Similar.     Amathus,  306. 

1803.  Similar  :  without  rim. 

1804.  Similar:  one  handle  vertical. 

1805.  Similar ;  handles  turned  up- 
wards :  bowl  wider. 

Kylix. 

(a)    Without  distinct  foot. 

1809.  Deep,  without  rim. 

1810.  Deep,  with  distinct  rim. 

1811.  Deep,  with  swollen  rim. 

(/3)    With  distinct  foot. 

1815.  Rim  distinct. 

1816.  Cf.  i556flf. 

1817.  Bowl  more  swollen. 

1818.  Thick  rim  and  curled  handles. 

1819.  Same  type  more  accentuated. 

1824.  Kantharos  with  reeded  body,  swollen  rim,  and  vertical  handles 
with  projecting  horns. 

1825.  One-handled  cup  with  swollen  body  and  thick  rim.     Cf.  1683. 

1826.  Oenochoe  with  lip  pinched  into  trefoil  shape. 

Bowls  and  Plates,  often  with  Stamped  Ornament. 


1812.  Deep,  with  concave  rim. 

1813.  Very  shallow  :  concave  rim. 

1814.  No  rim. 

1820.  Taller. 

1821.  No  rim  :  curled  handles. 
1822-1823.    Concave   rim  :  curled 

handles. 


1830.  Two-handled,  like  a  flat  kylix. 

1831.  One-handled :  plain. 
1832-3.    One-handled. 

Phiale :  No  handle. 


1834.  One-handled  :  smaller. 

1835-6.  One-handled. 

1837.  One-handled:  deeper.  CfiSoy. 


1838.    On  foot :  flat  rim.  1839.    On  foot :  smaller, 

1840-1848.    On  base-ring,  slightly  incurved  lip :  several  varieties,  some 

with  slight  external  rim.     Cf  Lou.  A  259  (Cyprus). 
1849.    Similar,  on  foot.  1850-1852.    Sides  nearly  upright. 

1853.  Sides  reduced  to  a  low  moulding. 

1854.  Flat  upper  surface,  projecting  rim  on  under  side. 
1855-1864.     Various  small  saucers.     Cf  Lou.  A  261  (Cyprus). 
1865.    Small  pot  with  concave  sides.     Cf.  26,  I. 

N.  B. — A  large  number  of  duplicates  of  these  types  are  not  included  in  this  Catalogue, 
but  are  exhibited  in  the  Poll  Collection  in  a  separate  case. 


Native  Cypriote  Imitations  of  Attic  Types  :  all  from  Poll 

1025.  '  Bottle-jug  '  [q.  v.],    1 68,  II.    1083-4.  Oenochoe.  (1084,  C.  E.  F.  8.) 
1756.    Askos,  like  1742  ff. 

1881.  Deep  cup,  like  1801 :  blackened  to  imitate  glaze. 

1882.  Deep  cup,  like  1801  :  partially  blackened. 

1883.  Deep  cup,  like  1801  :  not  blackened. 

1884-1885.    Like  1803:  kotyle.         1893.  Like  183 1 :  two-handled  bowl. 


1886.    Like  1807. 
1887-1888.    Like  1806, 
1891-1892.  Likei659ff".:lekythos. 
Cf  2080. 


1894-1895.  Like  1840  ff".:  saucers. 
1896.    Like  1850. 
1897-1898.    Like  1869. 


90 


CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 


GRAFFITI    SCRATCHED    ON    GREEK    BLACK-GLAZED 

WARE. 

Many  of  the  ordinary  black-glazed  vases  from  Poli  bear  short  inscriptions  in  Greek, 
Cypriote,  and  Phoenician  characters,  which  are  reproduced  below  :  Nos.  1901-1999 
are  on  plain  black-glazed  ware:  Nos.  1707-1810  are  on  vases  in  the  Type  Collection, 
and  are  given  under  their  respective  catalogue  numbers. 


GREEK. 

1901. 

12,111. 

R 

1902-5 

.19,111. 

TIM 

1903. 

1 7,  in. 

I^ 

1904. 

17,111- 

/yVY 

1906. 

21,111. 

API 

1907. 

21,111. 

f\y 

1908. 

25,1. 

A^ 

1909. 

28,1. 

R 

1910. 

146,11. 

^ 

1911. 

226, 1. 

\F 

1912. 

26,1. 

^4>i 

1913. 

60,1. 

AA 

1914. 

148,11. 

AA^cr 

CYPRIOTE. 

1921.  17,  II.   AA/ 

1922.  17,111.    AA 

1923.    17,111.  A<^ 

1924-5.17,111.    ^^ 

1926.   17,111.  >^yK' 

1927.      17,111.   V  J)^ 
1928-9.  17,111.   >0< 

1930.  iy\ 

193L       18,111.  _^ 
1932-3.21,111.  ^% 

1934.      26,1.  A  J!: 


1959. 

1960. 
1961. 


88,11.  "^Ht^ 


83,  I.   S^ 

88,11.  "^^ 

75,  II.  ^  /' 
1962-5.  88,  II.  A>'< 

1966.  95,1-^ 

1967.  146,11. -fv 

1968.  146,11.  iv^ 
1969-70.146,11.  riiCv 

1971.  146,11.  r\ 

1972.  176,11.-^55 

1973.  158,  II.  A 


T.2.    N 


1554. 

1714.         )  ,    i  AP  monogram    1943, 

1792-3.  i  "    '      '      like  1909.       ^^^^ 
1724-5.2  1,111.     API  like  1906 


1935.         26,1.^^/^1974.     158,11.  >i< 
1936-4L  26,1.  ^ 

1942.       26, 1.  :ii  AA 

28,1.  ^ 


AP   associated 


1945. 


29,111.  A 
38,  II.  XX 


1975-6.239,11.  T 

1977.   239,11.  nt 

1978-9.239,11.  -Tl- 
1980.       B.  ii./\V>6 


174LC.E.F.4I..       .^^ 

1Q34_<5       06  T         withCypr.q.v.  1946. 
19^4-5.     26,  i.  \  j_j^  g^,j^^j^_ 

1947-9.72,11.    )( 
PHOENICIAN. 


1996.  Lainaka. 
1997. 


1998. 


1981. 


27.1.    "^r 
CYPRIOTE. 
C.E.F.  ;k5t^^Oi958 


1950. 
1951. 
1952. 

1953. 
1954. 

1955. 

1956. 

1957. 


72,11.  % 

72,11.  Y^ 

75,11.  Tlil 

75,11.  Tn/SJ^ 

75,11.  T^^ 

75,11.  ^ 

75,11.  \ 


75,11. 


yy 


79 


,1.    \ 


1982.  C.E.F.  ^'^'''^LV 

1983.  74,  II.  \'^T9/- 


1981-5.  Vide  below. 
1707.  74,11.  ^p 
1712.  B 

1723.      17,111.  f 
1730.  o_)'( 

174LC.E.F.4I.  5zx>g 
I742.C.E.F.27.  ^ 

1752.  26,  I.  ^ 

1753.  26, 1,  p  :f:  ^ 
1803.   117,1. /[^^ 
1807.  C.E.F.  25.  Cf. 

1922. 
1810.   253,11.   Cf. 
1932-3. 


CATALOGUE    OF    POTTERY.  91 

WINE   AMPHORAE. 

A.  Cypriote    forms,  sixth-fourth    century :    often  with  painted 
Phoenician  inscriptions.  '" 

(o)  Roimded  or  conical  hody,  flat  shoulder  with  two  small  round  handles 
at  the  angle,  and  neck  less  than  0-02  high. 

2001*.  Sinaped  like  a  sugar-loaf  or  a  conical  shot.     H.  0-40.     Cf.  Lou. 
A  209.    Larnaka  {Turabi),  1894,  14. 

2002.  Broader.     H.  0-40.     Larnaka,  1894,  42. 

2003.  Taller-pointed  and  bulging  halfway  down:  the  shoulder  projects  in 
a  ridge.     H.  0-54.     Ldalion,  26. 

2004.  H.  0-50.     Larnaka,  1894,  60. 

2005.  Blunter  point.     H.  0-52.     Larnaka,  1894,  59. 

2006.  Tall  cyhndrical  body  with  rounded  bottom.     H.  0-655.    Larnaka, 
1894,  34. 

2007.  Short,  full-bodied,  round  bottom.     H.  0-41.     Larnaka,  1894,  37. 
2007  a*.   Painted  with   black  lines   and  zigzags  and  a  broad   band  of 

yellow.     Larnaka,   1894,  56.     Cf.  Ashm.  415-6   (415   from   same 
tomb). 

2008.  Smaller.     H.  0-29.    Larnaka,  1894,  11. 

2009.  With  concave  standing  base.     H.  0-28.     Larnaka,  1894,  12. 

2010.  H.  0-24.     Larnaka,  1894.  27. 

(iS)   Oval  body  :  short  narroiv  neck  with  a  deep  groove  round  it :  two 
stout  handles  set  horizontally,  but  rising  nearly  upright  from  shoulder. 

2019.  Body  nearly  spherical:  neck  long.    H.  0-33.    Larnaka,  1894,25. 
(Cf.  Tomb  Group,  p.  178.) 

2020.  Handles  low  on  shoulder  and  not  very  large.     H.  0-415. 

2021.  Larger  :  handles  rise  level  with  the  rim.     H.  0-66. 

2022*.   Larger  and  broader  :  handles  rise  above  the  rim  so  that  the  vessel 

can  be  slung  on  a  pole.     H.  0-57. 

Cf.  terracotta  of '  snow-man  technique '  (two  men  carr)'ing  such  a  vessel)  in  the 
collection  of  Major  Thackwell;  lately  (1894)  in  Limassol. 

B.  Hellenistic  Forms. 

(y)  Rhodian  arid  allied  forms . 
2024*.    Rhodian  amphora  with  pointed  body,  long  neck,  and  handles 

which  are  bent  at  an  acute  angle  above :   rectangular  stamp  with 

caduceus  and  illegible  inscription.     H.  0-80.    Larnaka,  1894,  45. 
2028-2030.    Similar."  2028,  H.  0-75.     2029,  H.  0-58.    2030,  H.  0-63. 
2031-2033.    Shorter  neck  and  handles,  very  wide  body  tapering  rapidly 

to  a  knobbed  point.   2031,  H.  0-54.    2032,  H.  0-47.    2033,  H.  0-50. 
2041.    Shorter  neck  and   handles,  nearly   flat  slioulder,  body   long  and 

tapering  with  concave  outline.   H.o-94.   ^wX-cw?',  Tomb  Group, p.  175. 
2C42.    Similar.     H.  0-90.     L.arnaka,  12. 

2043.  Similar:  longer  neck.     H.  0-96.     Larnaka,  18. 

(6)   Coarse  red  ware,  generally  ribbed  horizojitally  on  outside :  very  brittle. 

2044.  Similar  shape,  with  rounded  shoulder,  and  neck  without  ribbing. 
H.  1-2.     Larjiaka,  31. 

2045.  Similar:  ribbed  all  over.     H.  0-84.     Larnaka,  22. 

2046.  Similar:  fuller  body  and  blunter  point.     PL  0-67.     Larnaka,  22. 

2047.  Similar :    long   neck   tapering   upwards :    small    foot.      H.   o-68. 
Larnaka,  18. 

2048.  Similar,  smaller:  long  neck.     H.  0-50. 

2049.  Similar  :  with  flat  bottom.     H.  0-28. 


92  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 


POTTERY    OF    THE    HELLENISTIC    AGE. 

Imported  Vases. 

2051.  Hydria  of  Alexandrian  ware  :  white  clay  :  palmettes  and  scrolls  in 
dull  brown  glaze,  which  is  absorbed  by  the  clay,  and  therefore  lustre- 
less. [464.]  Cf.  Brit.,  t^lll^.  156  :  Cesn.  Sal.  fig.  248.  Kurion, 
1884. 

2052.  Vase  with  high  foot,  hemispherical  body,  flat  shoulder,  and  low 
neck:  common  Hellenistic  fabric:  red  (over-fired)  paint:  lattice- 
work on  side:  ivy  spray  on  shoulder.  Cf.  Brit.  Mus.  C  129.  Poli, 
C.E.F.  79. 

2053.  Native  imitation  of  late  Hellenic  work :  ovoid  body  with  low  neck 
and  two  horizontal  handles  rising  from  the  shoulder;  smooth  red 
clay  :  slightly  glazed  black  paint,  dotted  ornament  of  rosettes,  &c.,  on 
shoulder. 


Cf.sp. (apparently from  Cyprus)  in  Smyrna  Museum  (92  2,Markopulos 
Coll.).     Poll,  86,  II. 

Domestic  Wares. 

2061.  Large  oval-bodied  jug  with  plain  neck.     H.  0-295. 

2062.  Similar:  flatter  body  and  rimmed  neck.     [916.]     H.  0-23. 

2063.  Similar:  taller  and  narrower  neck.     H.  0-23. 

2064.  Large  coarse  jug  of  same  character.     H.  0-385. 

2065.  Like  2063  :  angular  shoulder,     [952.]     H.  0-15. 

2066.  Globular  body.     H.  0-14. 

2067.  Oval  body:  glaze  on   rim,  neck,  and  handle.     H.  0-155.     -^^^^ 

12,  in. 

2068.  Similar:  splashes  of  black  paint.     H.  0-16.     Poll,  \2^.\l. 

2069.  Flat  shoulder.     H.  0-185. 

2070-2071.    Whole  body  flattened  and   angular:    long  neck.      [944-] 
H.  0-22.     2071,  H.  0-42.     Poll,  41,  II. 

2072.  Similar:  wide  rim,  twisted  handle,  faint  bands  of  brown  paint. 
H.  0-21. 

2073.  Little  coarse  jug  rather  like  102 1.     H.  0-06. 

2074-2075.    Forms  like  1023  :' bottle-jugs.'     2074,  H.  0-125.     2075, 
H.  0-146. 

2076.  Krater  :  small  and  coarse :  like  1 123  ff. 

2077.  Oenochoe :    with    oval    body  and  high  shoulder :   handle  of  two 
strips:  same  ware  as  2080-2081.     H.  0-21. 

2078.  Oenochoe:  longer  neck:  coarse  white  ware.     H.  0-188. 

2079.  Oenochoe  :    small   globular    body  :    graceful   neck.      H.    0-08. 
Amathiis,  128. 

2080.  Lekythos,  like  1 891-2,  imitation  of  Greek  ware.    H.  0-22.  Poli, 
158,  11. 

N.  B.— Characteristic  of  a  large  group  of  tombs  at  Poli. 

2081.  Fantastic  vase  (askos)  like  a  wine-skin.     H.  0-15.     Poli,  124,  I. 


CATALOGUE  OF  HELLENISTIC  POTTERY.         93 

2082.  Pear-shaped  jug,  like  a  wine-amphora,  but  with  only  one  handle. 
H.  0-48. 

2083.  Coarse  long-bodied  jug,  pointed  below,  ribbed  outside,  with  one 
small  handle  on  the  shoulder.     [795.]     H.  0-295. 

Handleless  Bottles  of  the  kind  once  known  as  Tear-bottles. 

2084.  Body  conical,  flat  base.  H.  0-185.  Cf.  types  of  glass  vessels,  p.  102. 

2085.  Pear-shaped,  very  large.     H.  0-25. 

2086.  Same  shape,  slenderer :  brown  mouth  and  black  horizontal  bands. 
[968.]     H.  0-042. 

2087.  Nearly  globular:  coarse  black  glaze.     H.  o-ii.     Poli,  93,  I. 

2088.  Egg-shaped  body:  neck  and  foot  alike  in  form  :  two  rudimentary 
horizontal  handles.     H.  0-235.     Poli,  41,  II. 

2089.  Dark  grey  clay:  white  bands:  common  at  Salamis  (0-R.  1880). 
H.  0-142.     P^/z"  (C.  E.  F.),  E. 

2090.  Dark  grey  clay :  plain.    [815.]    H.  0-17. 

2091.  Reddish  clay.     H.  0-152.     Poli,  26,  III. 

2092.  Flatter  shoulder.     H.  0-055.     Poli>  8,  I. 
2092a.    Heavier  type.     H.  0-18.     P^)// (C.  E.  F.),  I. 

2093.  Dull  red  slip:  shape  like  2089,  2091.     H.  0-162. 

2094.  Grey:  similar:  broad  lip  and  base.     H.  0-265.     Poli,  56,1. 

2095.  Reddish  clay.     [797.]     H.  0-265. 

2096.  Form   like   2090,  only  more   regular:    exactly  like    a    lekythos 
from  Salamis  :  small :  very  rough.     H.  0-09. 

Similar  forms  with  two  handles  from  rim  to  shoulder. 

2097.  Pointed  below :  coarse  ribbed  ware  :    handle  and  foot  red,  also 
red  stripes  around  shoulder  and  body.     H.  0-26. 

2099.    With  standing  base :  white  ware.     H.   0-232.     Poli,z\if,\\. 

2098.  With    standing  base :    reddish  ware   with  bands  of  glossy  red 
paint.     Poli  (C.  E.  F.),  J. 

Red  ware  with  bright  red  glossy  slip.     Cf.  Brit.  C  390-95. 
(a)   Ojie  hajidle. 
2100-2101.    Globular  jug.     2100,  H.  o- 16.     [953.]     2101,  H.  0-145. 

2102.  Sloping  shoulders  :  impressed  basket  ornament.     [692.] 

2103.  Sloping  shoulder  :  higher  base.     [907.]     H.  0-157. 

2104.  Similar:  coarser  ware.     H.  o-i8. 

2105.  Similar:  blackish.     H.  0-162. 

2106.  Nearly  flat  shoulder:  angular  handle.     H,  0-182. 

2107.  Similar.     [962.]     H.  0-236. 

2108.  Wide  neck.     H.  o-i8.     Amaihns,  41. 

2109.  Body  angular.     H.  0-145.     A?>iathus,  41. 

2110.  Flat  shoulder  :  upright  sides ;  cream-coloured  ware :  red  rim  and 
bands  on  shoulder.     H.  0-17.     Amathus,  28^. 

(^)  Two  handles. 

2111.  Shaped  like  2103.     H.  0-29. 

2112.  Similar:  band  of  impressed  ornament.     H.  0-288.  'V'>.'V|^f>-r 
2112a.  Similar:  shape  like  2080  but  discoloured.    H.  0-215.    Poli,  41,1. 

'  Aretine '  or  *  Samian '  red  ware  :  probably  all  imported. 

2113.  Large  flat  plate  with  base-ring :  low  upright  rim,  with  egg-and- 
dart  moulding  impressed  outside.     D.  0-51.     Katydata-Linu,  1883. 


94  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

2114.  Similar,  smaller :  alternate  dolphins  and  rosettes  in  relief  outside. 
D.  o-ir)2.     The  same  locality  and  the  same  excavation. 

2115.  Similar  fine  fabric:  rudimentary  handle  ornament  C/^^<D .  twice 
outside:  maker's  mark  VILLI  in  the  impression  of  a  human  foot. 
D.  0182. 


2116.    Base  of  sill  ilar :  maker's  mark       ["  !!  ,  D.  010 


Sulaf/i/'s.  Site  D.  [J.  H.  S.  xii.  92,  fig.]. 

2117.  Saucer  with  slanting  sides  and  flat  rim.     D.  o-i66,  H.  0-025. 

2118.  Similar,  without  rim.  D.  0-121,  H.  0-02.  [471.]  Katy data- Linn, 
188.-5. 

2118  a.    Small,  accurately  worked  plate  :  two  holes  are  bored  horizontally 
into  the  foot.     D.  0-063,  II-  00 1- 

2119.  Bowl  with  distinct  rim  :  rings  of  impressed  dots.    H.  0-065,  D-  O"  lo- 

2120.  Deep  bowl  on  narrow  foot  with  handles  :  coarse  w-are.  D.  (from 
handle  to  handle)  0-15,  H.  0-06.    A.  P.  di  Cesnola,  1878.    Salami's. 

2121.  Similar  coarse  blackened  ware.  D.  (handle  to  handle)  0163, 
H.  0-065. 

Imitation  of  native  forms.  --T^' 

2iSO-9m    I  S^^^P^  I'^^  'f<^23,  but  taller.     H.  0-153-0-206. 

2126.  Bowl  like  929.     Poll  (C.  E.  F.),  O. 

2127.  Deep  bowl  on  foot. 

212s.  With  tall  concave  rim.     Amalhus,  282. 

2129.  Similar.     H.  0-078,  D.  0-105.     P^/?' (C.  E.  F.),  S. 

2132.  Lamp  filler,  shape  like  1689.    H.  0-085.    A.  P.  di  Cesnola,  1878. 

2133.  Lamp  filler :  blackened  ware.     H.  0-073.     Amathus,  120. 

2134.  Deep  bowl  with  low  upright  rim :  two  loop  handles  on  shoulder, 
and  tubular  spout  in  front.     H.  0-15. 

2135.  'Bottle-jug' like  1023.     [831.]     H.  0-127. 

2138,  'Bottle-jug'  like  1025:  coarse  black  glaze.     H.  o-ii. 
2137-2138.    Small  coarse  jugs  of  similar  form.     2137,  H.  0-78.     2138, 

H.  0-065. 

2139.  Shaped  like  983  :  very  coarse.     H.  0-087. 
2140-2141.    Krater  like  1635  :  small  [833].     H.  0-08. 

2142.  Jug  with  oval  body  and  narrow  neck.  H.  0-095.  A.  P.  di  Cesnola, 
1878.     Salami's. 

2143.  Like  2019.     H.  0-051.     7^^// (C.  E.  F.),  O. 

2144.  Like  2019:  coarse  bhck  slip.     H.  0-051.    Poll  {C.  E.  F.),  O. 

2145.  Like  2019:  taller.     H.  0065. 

2146.  Small  model  of  a  bird-cage  or  portable  brazier,  with  handle  above, 
and  one  hole  in  the  side.  H.  0-07.  (Cf.  A.  P.  di  Cesnola,  Salaminia, 
PI.  XX.  18,20:  Ashm.Mus.:  S.  Kens.  Mus.  311,  1883.)  A?na//iiis,  128. 

Tjrpical  forms  of  other  materials  copied  in  earthenware. 

(a)  AlabasliK.     Cf  alabaster  vases  2401  ff.      A  sp.  in  Cambr.,  Fitzw. 
Mus.  {Papho),  imitates  the  banded  alabaster  in  red  slip. 

2147.  Fine  Samian  red  ware,  like  2101.     H.  0-12.     Amalhus,  130. 

2148.  Cream-coloured  clay:  long  neck.  [843.]   H.  0-151.  ^«rw«,  1884. 

2149.  Cream-coloured  clay  :  spindle-shape.     H.  0-195. 


CATALOGUE  OF  HELLENISTIC  POTTERY  :  STAMPS. 


95 


2155.  Like  2613  :  clay  and  varnisli 
like  2152  and  2153.     H.  0-13. 

2156.  Like  2757.     H.  0-057. 

2157.  Like    2781  :    very   thin  fine 
clay.    H.  o-o8.    Kmion,  1884. 

2158.  Like   2768:    very    thin   fine 
clay.     H.  0-099. 


per- 
Cf. 


(3)  Glass. 
2150:  Tike  2677.     H.  0-158. 

2151.  Like  2575.  H.o- 15.  ^t;/.  13. 

2152.  Like  2554  :   neck  varnished 
black.     H.  0-138. 

2153.  Like   2634  :    black   painted 
neck.     [908.]     H.  0-12. 

2154.  Like  2619.     H.  0-14. 

Miscellaneous. 
2159-2161.    Tomb   Group  found   isolated  in  the  north-east  corner  of 
the  Bronze  Age  necropolis.     Ag.  Paraskevi,  1894,  12. 

2159.  One-handled  jug ;  cf.  2116.     H.  0-163. 

2160.  Amphora:  form  between  2071  and  2112.     H.  0-135. 

2161.  Amphora:  form  between  2041  and  2071.     H.  0-258. 
2163-2164.    Child's   rattle :    barrel-shaped,  with   pig's   face :    eyes 

forated  :    brownish  varnish.      L.  0-122-0-13,  H.  0-065-0-082. 
0-R.  Mitth.  Ath.  vi.  p.  244. 

2165.  Similar :  goat's  head  and  handle  over  back  above  :  hole  behind 
handle,  and  spout  above  :  brownish  varnish.  L.  0-18,  H.  0-137.  Cf. 
Cesnola,  Salaminia,  PI.  xx.  14. 

2166.  Hemispherical  bowl  with  flattened  base :  brownish  slip  :  inside, 
ivy  wreath  and  rings  in  white  paint.    [1075.]     D.  0-113,  H.  0-045. 

STAMPS  ON  HANDLES  OF  AMPHORAE. 

These  are  chiefly  Rhodian^ :  the  letters  are  in  relief  except  on  2338  : 

presented  by  the  late  Mr.  D.  Pierides  of  Larnaka. 

The  sign  ]  [  means  that  the  handle  is  broken :  ///  that  the  letters  are  effaced  or 
mis-struck  :  *  refers  to  PI.  VIII :  f  to  stamps  noted  by  Dumonl ;  'Rev.  Arch.'  1873,  i. 
317  ff. 

A.  Circular  :  Rhodian  flower,  as  on  coins :  lettering  in  a  border 
round  it,  generally  to  be  read  from  within  the  circle.  Cf.  J.  H.  S. 
xii.  326. 

(a)  Names  of  magistrate  and  month  :  filling  the  whole  circle. 
(/3)  INIaker's  or  vendor's  name  :  above  the  flower. 

2201.    EHI   APATO(t)ANEYI  AfPIANOY 
2202t.   EHI    AlN/[ K]APNEIOY 

2203.  [Eni]<D[A]NO<t)ANTOY  ZMIN[eiOY]  Written  left  to  right 
on  die,  to  be  read  from  without  the  circle. 

2204.  ZA//MIAZYETAPKOXPA[inE]  =  'EnX'ApxoKpirtvs  At/x//ay. 
EYEninA[  2213.    EA//// 
APXO[        ]AMIOY[  2214-2214a.    XPHZIMOY 

////POTIKP//IN//N0Z/////     2215.   ///ATAKAEO/// 
JZniHPIA///  2216.   ///AZ/// 


2205. 

2206. 

2207. 

2208. 

2209. 

2210. 

221lt. 

2212t. 


Eni]AYzinno[Y. 

///AAMONA/// 
AAMOKPATEYZ 
EAAANIKOY 


2216. 
2217. 
2218. 
2219. 
2220t.    innOKPATEYZ 


///ENEYZ/// 

AAM/// 

A]PIZT/// 


'  So  also  are  those  in  Turin 
Mus.  (Cesn.  Coll.\  and  one 
from  Salamis  (Site  D.).  J.  H.  S. 
xii.  141  (a) ;  and  one  from  Poll 
in  Fitzw.  Mus.  ^b) :  cf  C.  M. 
2024. 


a. 


EHIEYHqA 

v\o\o////rv\ 

H  T/////IM.AI 


96 


CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 


B.   Rectangular  stamp  :   same  foi-mula :  magistrates  in  alpha- 
betical order. 


2231. 


* 

En"iEPEnz 

AP  IIinNOZ 
A  TTAMITIOY 

*  A  bruise  in  the  clay,  affect- 
ing the  adjacent  letters. 


2232. 


2236. 


2237. 


2238. 


2239. 


2240. 


2242. 


2243. 


En//AAE 

Zl  AAA 
BPOMIOY 


„„qo        ElHAPIZTArOPA 
^^^^  JAIOY 


2234      EHIJAPIZTEI 
AAKAPNEIOY 


2235.       E]niAPX//AAI 

//M////OY 


EHIATHZinnO/// 

///ONEYZ/// 


EHIAAMOeEMIOZ 

HA///////////// 


EniAAMIAI 

NETOY 
YAKINeiOY 


E  n  I  [  A  A  ]  M  0 

K    P    A   T    E   Y  Z 

eEZM[Oct)OPIOJY 


EniEPnNoz 

YAK  I NIOY 


oo.,        ///'KA/// 
2241.       ///MEYZ 

KAPJNEIOY 


EnilKPE///// 
0E //////// NO  Y 


EHINIKAZATOY 
ZMINGIOY 


2244. 


2245. 


2246. 


2247. 


2248. 


2249. 


2250. 


2251. 


2252. 


2253. 


ErH]NIKAZ|ATOY 
AjnAMITI[OY 


EniZENOZTPATOY 

////// 


EniZENO<J)AN 

TOY 
YAKIN0IOY 


E]nizn 

KPATOJY 

//////// 


EniTIMO 

AIKOY 

AAAOY 


///IE 
]  NEYZ 
JIZIOY 


Eni//[ 
BAnf 


ETTTAr 
/   TIOZ 


C  TO 

Y 

AMOY 


cf.  2248. 


2254.   Knidian  amphora. 


EniEPMOOAN 

T[OY]AIONY<J?Y 
KNIAI £ 


2255. 


KN/// 

cn/// 

OP/// 

APIC[ 


CATALOGUE    OF   STAMPED    HANDLES    OF    AMPHORAE. 


97 


C.   Magistrate's  name  and  symbol. 


2261. 


rayed 
head  of     En////n 
Helios      AAMOY 
f  right. 


2262  t. 


• '^'"^      E  n  I  K  A  E 
St?;.    nHYMOY 


D.    Name  in  genitive :   sometimes  that  of  a  month. 
2266.    AMM///:  cf.t(inawreath). 


2267.  ]AMrPIOY 

2268.  AMYNTA 

2269.  ANAPIKOY 


2270. 


////////////A 
ANTI0ANOYZ 


2271.  BOIIhOY 

2272.  BPOMIOY 

2273.  BPOMIO[Y] 

2273a.   .?  BPOAA  ?IOY 

doubtful) 

2274.  BP//[ 

2275.  AAMOM[ 

2276.  EflA//// 

2277.  jNina 

2278.    EPMIA//// 


(B-M 


[40] 


2279. 


2280  t. 


2281. 


HP //////A 
E  M  I  0  Y 


eE2M///// 
EHirON///// 


eE//// 

/////A  MO// 


2282-2283. 


KPEON 
TOZ 


2284  t. 


MANIC[M 
APIOC 


2285. 


YAKINOY 
MAPZYA 


2286.  MNAZnN 

2287.  ///MAA/// 

2288.  NA///I02 

2289.  MIKM  +  0[Y] 


2290. 


2291. 


2292. 


2295. 


noA/// 

/////// 


2296.  ]PAZ 

2297.  ZHNA[ 

2298.  2T/// 


2299. 


]noN 

E]YZ 


2301.    ]M[AI]OY 
2302  2303.    hopeless. 


E.   Name  in  genitive  :  with  trade-mark. 


2310. 


AYM///    J 


2311 1.  AMYNTA.     Wreath. 


2312. 


AMXIH 

losebud 

V//VV//// 


Y 

NA 
OY 

M.MIT 
ATIA 

ZENO///// 
ArP[IANOY 

2293.  riAMAiMOY 

2294.  HAYZANIA         [28] 


H 


98 


CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 


2313. 


ANAPIKOY 

caduceus 


2314-2315. 


2316t. 


ANTIMAXOY 

caduceus 


2321. 


2322. 


Ml  A  A         grape 
caduceus :      cluster 


[Ml  A]  A      grape 
caduceus :      cluster 


>k 

M 

>k 

APIZTAPXOY 

)tc 

Z 

^ 

^^^^       OM//////KOY 


The  letters  in  the  field  are  doubtful. 
2317. 


AP[iZTi]nnoY 

dolphin  to  right 


2324. 


caduceus 
upright : 


jZMIOS 

long-handled  axe 


2318 1. 


2319. 


2320. 


)tc 

5tC 

APIZTOKPATEYZ 

>< 

Xc 

2325t-25a.    ZnKPATEYZ  torch 


2326. 


AIZKOY       kantharos 


crossed 
coinu- 


T[IMJAPA 


copiae        ^"^  ^3^4 


TOY 


//// 
EPMIA 


N.B. — With  these  cf.  the  Ceccaldi  collection  of  Cypriote 
examples  published  by  Dumont,  'Rev.  Arch.'  1873,  i.  3i7ff. 
=  Melanges  d'Arch.  et  d'Epigr.  (1S92),  xxi.  160  ff.  Cf. 
also  Fabretti,  '  Bull.  Inst,  di  Roma,'  1S70,  p.  203. 

*  refers  to  Plate  VIII. 
The   letters   0    and 


F.   Initials,  monograms,  and  devices 
2331*.  Within  an  erect  oval,  A  above   2342*-2344* 


a  heart-shaped  symbol. 

2332.  3-    ?  Knidian  trident. 

2333.  ////AAMINY////  written 
round  within  a  circle,  to  be 
read  from  within. 

2334.  HP  monogram,  in  a  circle. 


A-N      (monogram),     variously 
arranged.      2342  adds  a  lotos- 
bud. 
2345-2350.   In  a  square  stamp : — 

2345*.    Probably 'oXv/xTTt'ou. 

2346-2347.    O  within  fl. 

2348.  A  within  fl. 

2349.  n. 

2350.  P  retrograde. 
2351*.    Monogram   M-V  (.?)    in    a 

rounded  rectangle. 

2352*.  Circle  divided  into  four  quad- 
rants :  Z  in  top  left,  P  bottom 
right. 

2353*.  Monogram  in  an  upright 
rectangle.     ^i<\n 

2354*.  Ahnost  illegible. 

2355.   ?  Young    head    to    left':     in 

2339.  NV/,//V///NTO$  written  square. 

round    within   a   circle,  to   be   2356.  Warrior  with  spear,  charging 
read  from  without.  to    left.      Impression    from    a 

2340.  Similar   circle  with  central  ^^"''^^  ^^^^S^'O  ^^"^ 


2335  t. 

AY 

2336. 

AY 

1 

2337. 

MA 

2338. 

MO 

ring,  and  traces  of  letters. 


2341. 


oA 


2357.    Amf)hora,  outlined. 
2358-2362.    Illegible  :   various. 
2362.    The   broad    rim    of  a   large 
vessel:  stamp  illegible. 


VASES  OF  ALABASTER. 


In  Egypt  these  vases  are  found  commonly  in  nearly  all  periods,  and  it 
is  probable  that  their  use  was  introduced  thence  into  Cyprus,  where 
alabaster  is  plentiful  and  of  fair  quality,  though  not  of  the  finest  banded  ^,  ,*/! 
variety.  Those  of  the  latter,  which  have  been  found  in  Cyprus,  are 
almost  certainly  Egyptian.  The  most  characteristic  and  only  early  shape 
derives  its  name  from  the  material :  amphorae  with  small  curled  handles 
on  a  spindle-shaped  body,  and  other  forms  copied  from  pottery,  were 
certainly  made  under  Greek  influence,  and  do  not  often  occur  in  the 
striped  Egyptian  material.  The  earliest  alabastra  found  in  Cyprus  are  =  A-^ 
from  sixth-century  tombs  ^ :  the  latest  are  of  uncertain  Hellenistic  date.        [       "* 

Alabastra. 

(a)  Nearly  cylindrical :  roimded  below :  broad  lip  above. 

2401-2403.   Colossal    specimens    of    very   thick  fabric.      2402    is   of 
a  peculiar  black-flaked  variety.     [801-803.] 

2404.  Tamassos. 

2405.  Kuklia. 

2406.  Poli{C.Y.Y.). 


2407. 
2408 
2409 
2410. 
2411. 


III. 


II. 


2414. 

(?) 

2415. 

Poli  (C.  E.  F.),  D. 

2416. 

Poh\  F.  13. 

2417. 

"806.] 

2418. 

Ta?}iassos. 

2419. 

A.  P.  di  Cesnola,   1878. 

2420. 

Warren,  335.] 

2421. 

Poli,  72,  II. 

2432. 

No  neck  or  rim. 

2441.  Poli,  117,1. 


Poli,  20, 
[807.] 

Amathus,  207. 
Poli  (C.  E.  F.),  B. 
Poli  (C.  E.  F.),  G. 
2412-2413.    Kuklia. 

{$)  Unusual  shapes. 
2431.  Pointed  below. 

(y)  Imitations  in  other  materials. 
2441-2444.    Limestone. 
2446.    Clay.     Cp.  2 147-2 149. 

Amphorae. 

2451-2460.     With    small   curled   handles   on   a   spindle-shaped   body. 
Hellenistic. 

Miscellaneous  forms. 

2461.    Rimless,    nearly   cylindrical,    with    four    handles    on    a    curved 

shoulder. 
2471-2472.    Saucers  with  four  flat  rectangular  projections  on  the  rim  : 

often  found  with  grinders  in  the  shape  of  a  bent  finger  :  probably 

used  to  prepare  rouge.     [809-810.] 
2481.    Bowl  on  conical  foot. 
2491.    Stone  vessel  with  conical  body  and  long,  wide,  cylindrical  neck : 

a  [pair  of]  lions  on  the  neck  as  handles.    Kuklia,  19. 
Cf  specimens  in  Tomb  Groups,  p.  173  ff.,  and  Spindlewhorls,  p.  55. 

'  But  alabaster  vases  were  found  in  1896  in  the  Mykenaean  necropolis  at  Salamis 
(Tomb  Groups  25,  43,  59,  78,  82,  94,  96,  p.  184 ff.). 

H  2 


Vd 


f 


GLASS. 

Phoenicia  is  popularly  j-upposcd  to  have  been  the  great  centre  of  the 
glass  industry  in  anliquily.  I'he  earliest  factories  and  deposits  of  glass, 
however,  which  have  been  discovered  hitherto,  are  in  Egypt,  and  extend 
back  to  the  Iwelfth,  dynasty,  where  they  are  already  fully  developed ; 
while  the  indigenous  glazed-porcelain  industry  points  to  a  probably  even 
earlier  date  for  this  kindred  art.  Meanwhile,  glass  factories  have  not  yet 
been  determined  for  any  period  in  Phoenicia,  nor  are  Phoenician  sites 
notable  for  abundant  deposits  of  glass  in  tombs. 

On  the  other  hand,  glass  even  of  good  quality  is  found,  though  rarely, 
in  Bronze  Age  tombs  in  Cyprus  (Introd.  p.  15);  and  it  is  obvious  that 
the  unavoidable  occurrence  of  vitreous  slag  in  metal  smelting  might  well 
have  suggested  the  art  of  glass-working  at  a  very  early  period. 

The  glass  and  glass  paste  ornaments  which  are  characteristic  of  the 
later  Mykenaean  Age  are  of  quite  different  quality  from  the  Cypriote, 
and  are  always  cast ;  whereas  the  latter  are  almost  always  rolled  or 
modelled. 

It  is,  however,  evident  from  the  similarity  of  the  fabrics,  that  the  coarse 
glass  beads  which  begin  to  be  common  in  early  Greek  and  Italian  tombs 
jin  the  ninth  and  eighth  centuries,  are  closely  related  to,  if  not  derived 
from  the  same  source  as,  the  Cypriote.  The  knowledge  of  them  was 
very  probably  spread,  in  part  at  least,  by  Phoenician  traders ;  so  that  the 
Greek  tradition  may  well  be  valid  as  regards  the  immediate  provenance  of 
the  first  glass  seen  in  sub-IMykenaean  Hellas. 

The  magnificent  vases  of  coloured  opaque  glass  of  the  sixth  century 
are  very  rare  in  Cypriote  tombs,  and  there  is  no  evidence  that  they  were 
ever  ma^e"^ Tn  Cyprus  :  Rhodes  and  Naukratis  are  the  most  probable 
centres  of  the  manufacturer 

Gjass,  in  fact,  does  not  become  common  at  all  in  Cypriote  tombs  until 
the  later  Ptolemaic  Age,  when  all  the  common  types  of  cast  opaque  glass 
and  plain  and  coloured  blown  glass  become  very  frequent.  It  is  even 
possible  that  the  plain  blown  glass  dales  wholly  from  the  Roman  period. '" 
Then-  iridescent  surface  is  of  course  due  to  partial  disintegration  of  the 
glass,  and  this  depends  upon  exposure,  in  the  earth,  to  damp  and 
oxidation. 

A  Hellenistic  or  Roman  glass-factory  was  found  at  Tamassos  by  0-R. 
in  1885,  and  specimens  of  the  slag  and  waste  droppings  of  the  glass  thence 
are  exhibited  in  the  Museum,  No.  2999.    (Chroniques,  pp.  269,  295.) 

The  principal  fabrics  are  as  follows  : — 

A.  Thick  Opaque  Glass,  cast  in  sand  over  a  sand-core  and  orna- 
mented with  s{)iral  threads  of  opaque  coloured  glass  rolled  into  the 
molten  surface :  arched  and  waved  lines  were  produced  by  drawing 
a  sharp  instrument  down,  or  up  and  down,  the  sides  of  the  vessel  while 
siill  viscid.  There  are  three  fabrics,  quite  distinct  in  form  and  colouring, 
and  with  an  apparently  unbroken  interval  of  some  centuries  between  them: 
they  are — 


CATALOGUE    OF    GLASS.  lOI 

I.  The  MyJienaean  Fabric :  closely  resembling  the  xix  Dyn.  glass 

from  Gurob  in  Egypt.    TJnly  at  Enkomi  {i%<)6,  Brit.  Mus.). 

II.  The  VI-V  Century  Fabric,  of  which  the  Cypriote  specimens  are 

indistinguishable  from  those  of  Kamiros.  The  technique  is 
the  same  as  that  of  the  so-called  Phoenician  glass  made  in 
Egypt  under  the  eighteenth  and  nineteenth  dynasties  ;^but 
the  colours  and  forms  are  distinctive. 

III.  TheTTellenistic  Fabric  :  amphorae  and  alabastra  of  much  coarser 

fabric,  less  opaque  glass,  and  much  less  brilliant  and  tasteful 
colouring :  black  or  brown  ground  frequent.  This  begins 
perhaps  in  Hellenistic  times,  but  is  commonly  found  with 
the  Blown  Glass  B. 

B.  Colourless  Blown  Glass  :  thin  and  transparent ;  often  found 
iridescent.  The  forms  vary  indefinitely,  but  the  following  styles  prevail : — 
a.  Bottles  with  flat  base.  b.  One-handled  jugs.  c.  Handleless  bottles, 
pointed  below,  d.  Bowls,  e.  Tumblers,  f.  Plates,  g.  Thicker  glass 
bowls,  hemispherical  or  conical.  For  analyses, v.  Sandwith, '  Archaeologia,' 
xlv.  p.  140. 

C.  Coloured  Blown  Glass :  dark  blue,  green,  amber,  or  amethyst, 
or  mixtures  of  these. 

D.  "Welded  Glass,  composed  of  parti-coloured  rods. 

E.  Painted  Glass,  thin  bowl  covers  of  fabric  B,  with  distemper 
painting  on  the  under  side. 

F.  Toilet  Articles  of  Variegated  Glass  (cf.  D)  complete  the  series ; 
namely — a.  Stirring  rods  ;    b.  Needles  ;    c.  Finger-rings. 


A.  THICK    GLASS    CAST    IN    SAND,  AND    ORNAMENTED 

WITH  SPIRAL  THREADS  ROLLED  INTO  THE 

MOLTEN  SURFACE. 

II.  Sixth  Century  Fabric.     Cf  Kamiros. 

2501.  Small  one-handled  bottle,  with  pear-shaped  body  and  short  neck 
with  rim  :  dark  blue  glass  with  yellow  and  white  lines  on  shoulder, 
and  zigzag  white  lines  below.  Poli,  *  1 1 7, 1.  Cf.  Cambr.,  Fitzw.  Mus., 
No.  90  {Poli,  C.  E.  F.). 

2503.  Fragments  of  a  smooth  spherical  vessel  of  white  porcelain  with 
pale  blue  glaze.     Afuathus,  293. 

III.  Hellenistic  Fabric.    All  from  ^7;/ (7//»^j  except  25 11  and  2536. 

a.  Amphorae,  pear-shaped  body,  long  cylindrical  neck  and 
elaborately  scrolled  handles  :  bluish-black  ground,  with  lines 
of  the  colovirs  named;  striations  upwards,  or  downwards,  or 
alternately. 

(a)    With  foot  below. 

2511.  Yellow:  alternately.     Soli. 

2512.  Yellow  and  white  :  alternately.     Atnathus,  19. 

(/3)    With  knob  below. 

2513.  Yellow  and  white  :  upwards.  Amathiis,  290.  Cf  Cambr.,  Nos.  93, 
104  [Amathus). 


102  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

2514.  Brown  and  white  :  upwards.     Amalhtis,  21-^. 

2515.  Brown  and  white  :  upwards.     Ama//ius,  2S0. 

(y)  Wider  form  with  foot. 

2516.  Light  blue  :  irregularly.     Amathus,  19. 

2517.  Yellow:  alternately.     Amathus,22\. 

2518.  Yellow:  alternately.     Arnathus,  18. 

b.  Alabastx'a. 

(a)  Foot  below:  two  scrolled  handles:  lines  white  and  yellow :  striated 
alternately :  handles  as  follows  : — 

2520.    Blue.     Amathus,  41.     Cf.  Cambr.,  No.  84  {Poll). 

2522.   Amber.   Amathus,  2()0.        2524.  Handles  missing.   Amathus,  ^i. 

(p)   Pointed  below,  handles  rudimentary. 
(i)  White  lines  striated  upwards. 
2526.    Amathus,  221.  2534.    Amathus,  t88. 

2530.    Amathus,  224.  2535.    [No.  lost.]     Green  lip. 

2532.    Amathus,  2^2. 

2528  (2).   Yellow  and  white  :  striated  alternately.     Amathus,  130. 
2536  (3).    Pale  blue  :   striated  alternately.    Kurion,  1886.     Cf.  Cambr., 
No.  18  {Kurion):  Lou.  8702.     This  sp.  might  be  as  early  as  the 
■     third  century  b.c. 

N.  B. — A  number  of  fragmentary  and  unrecorded  specimens  are  omitted. 

B.    THIN    TRANSPARENT    BLOWN    GLASS  :    OFTEN 
IRIDESCENT    THROUGH  DECOMPOSITION. 

a.  Bottles. 

(a)  Long-necked:  bodies  of  various  shapes. 

2551-2552.    Globular  :  short  neck  and  heavy  rim. 

2553-2563.    Similar,  diminishing  in  size  to  0-03  m. 

2564-2566.  Small,  with  rather  squat  body. 

2567-2600.     Hemispherical   or    conical :    tall    neck   with    rim :    many 

varieties. 
2601.   Angular  :  flat  shoulder. 
2602-2609.    Body  pressed  flat ;  neck  long. 
2610-2611.    Club-shaped  in  two  stages. 
2612-2614.    Neck  pear-shaped. 

2615-2635.  Thicker  make  :  in  series  growing  broader  below.  Cf.  2553  ff- 
2636-2670.  Miscellaneous  :  very  small  specimens  of  preceding  types. 

0)   Short-7iecked. 

2671-2675.    Funnel-shaped  neck. 

2676-2679.  Cyhndrical :  wide  lip  and  base.     Cf.  Cambr.,  Nos.  11,  26 
(yA?nathus). 

2680.  Fluted  body :  funnel-shaped  neck :  opaque. 

2681.  Similar:  clear  glass. 

2682-2683.    Globular  body :  short  neck  :  two  scrolled  handles. 

b.  Jugs  with  one  handle. 

(a)  Cylindrical. 
2684.    Short  neck  and  no  handle. 


CATALOGUE    OF    GLASS.  103 

2685.  Similar:  larger:  one  broad  handle.  Cf.  Cambr.,  No.  112  {7re- 
771:  thus). 

2686.  Similar :  shorter  bodies. 
2687-2688.    Similar :  shorter  necks. 

{0)  Pear-shaped  and  globular. 

2689-2690.    Squat,  pear-shaped.      2691-2692.  Globular :  longer  neck. 
2693-2699.    Similar  :  smaller.     Cf.  Cambr.,  No.  92  (/a^^/zi^w). 
2700.    Similar  :  raised  band  of  glass  on  shoulder. 
2701-2702.    Conical. 

2703.  Like  2692,  but  with  base-ring;  very  graceful  specimen,  finely 
iridescent. 

(7)  Square  and  prismatic. 

2704,  2705.  Six-sided  body,  blown  in  mould  to  represent  a  tortoise- 
shell.  The  British  Museum  has  a  specimen  from  same  mould, 
bought  in  Syria,  but  probably  of  Cypriote  fabric. 

2706.    Without  handle.  2707-2710.    With  one  handle. 

2711-2712.    Six-sided. 

c.  Handleless  Bottles,  pointed  below. 

2713.    Pear-shaped.  2714-2715.    Long  and  narrow. 

d.  Bowls. 

2716-2718  a.   Hemispherical,  without  rim. 

2719-2724.    Hemispherical,  with  slight  rim.     CL  St.  Germain,  1^1 '^6. 
2725.   Sides  nearly  upright;  slight  rim. 

2726-2732.  Kymation  outline,  with  base-ring.  Cf.  Cambr.,  Nos.  39 
(Idalion),  114  (Soli). 

2733.  Taller,  narrow  mouthed,  with  distinct  rim.  Cf.  Cambr.,  No.  21 
{Sala?7iis) :  St.  Ger77iai7i,  18021. 

2734.  Kantharos,  with  deep  upright  sides :  thick  greenish  glass. 

2735.  Flat  saucer. 

2736-2759.    Varieties  like  2716-2723.  ;<.  jLl'X  ^3  , 

2760.    Similar  :  sides  upright :  outward  lips. 

2761-2766.    Sides  incurving  above  :  successively  taller  and  narrower. 

e.  Tumblers. 

(a)  Funnel-shaped. 

2767.  With  base-ring  :  kymation  outline. 

2768,  2769,  2769  a.  Plain  sides  :  wider  above.  Confiscated  at  Kophino 
and  presented  by  the  Commissioner  of  Larnaka,  1894. 

(3)  Sides  pressed  in  so  as  to  be  square  in  section. 
2niQ.    Tall,  funnel-shaped  :  eleven  deep  flutings.     KBH.  Ixv.     Soli. 
2,11\-1Q.   Four  concave  sides  :  successively  shorter  and  broader.         i-C^^A^ 
2780.    Six  sides.  2781.    Eight  sides. 

2782.    Four  transverse  depressions.     Cf.  St.  Germai7i,  32669  [Sidofi). 

f.  Plates,  large  and  flat,  with  rim. 

2783-2788.  Circular  :  cf.  Larnaka  {Turabi),  22-35*,  and  Cambr.,  No.  55 
{^Idalion).  2789.  Oval. 

g.  Thick  glass  bowls,  hemispherical  or  conical. 

2790-2794.  Plain.  2792.  A"z^rzb«,  1886.  Cf.  Cambr.,  Nos.  i  (^7;/a/-^«j), 
31  {Salamis),  32  i^Ka/passia). 


I04  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

2795-2796.    Coarsely  reeded. 

2797-2798.  A  j^air :  shallow,  with  plain  ujiright  rim:  finely  reeded 
below  :  translucent  bluish  glass.     Cf.  Canibr.,  No.  38  [Idalion). 

h.  Miscellaneous. 

2799.  Small  pot  \\\\\\  upright  sides  and  broad  flat  rim. 

2800.  Similar :  smaller,  with  perforated  cover,  like  an  inkstand,  and  one 
handle.  KBH.  Ixv.  Soli.  Cf.  sp.  without  handle  in  Rugby  School 
Museum  :  pres.  by  Mr.  C.  D.  Cobham  \Kition?\ 

C.    COLOURED    BLOWN    GLASS. 

Dark  blue,  transparejit. 

2801.  Hemispherical  bowl,  like  2791.     Cf.  Cambr.,  No.  8  {Tamassos). 
2802-2806.    Small  bottles,  like  2560  ff.,   2565  ff.     Cf.  KBH.  Ixv,  and 

Cambr.,  No.  70  {Salatnis):  Louvre  {Myrina),  477. 

2807.  Slenderpointedbotile,  like  2714.  Cf. Cambr.,  No.  78:  Lou.{id)  ^■^o. 

2808.  Narrow  cylindrical  bottle  without  lip  and  rounded  below :  middle 
third,  of  white  glass :  top  and  bottom  thirds,  of  blue.  KBH.  Ixv.  Soli. 

Blue,  with  white  streaks. 

2809.  Of  shapes  between  2713  and  2714. 

2810  a, b.    Globular  bottles.     Larnaka  (Turabi\  22  a,  35  b. 

Dark  green,  transparent. 

2811.    Hemispherical  bowl,  like  2791.     Kurion,  1886.     Cf.  St.  G.  15141. 
2812-2813.    Small  bottles,  like  2561  ff.     Cf.  Cambr.,  No.  86   {Aphro- 

disiofi). 
2814-2819.    Coarse,  thick,  plain:  small  bottles,  like  2636  ff. 

2820.  Coarse,  thick,  plain  :  like  2561. 

Aynber -coloured,  trayispareni. 

2821.  Like  2556.  2822-2823.    Like  2625  ff. 
2824.    Like  2614  (translucent).  2325-2826.    Like  2714. 

2827.  Like  2791. 

2828.  Bowl  with  base- ring  and  upright  sides,  with  projecting  ring  below. 

2829.  Hemispherical  bowl,  deeper  than  above,  only  translucent. 

2830.  Small  bowl,  like  2721,  with  base-ring  and  rim. 

2831.  Deep  cup  with  projecting  ring,  like  2828. 

Amber,  translucent,  zuith  opaque  white  streaks.     Cf.  2842  (blue). 

2832.  Small  globular  bottle  :  neck  broken. 

Thin,  transparent  glass  bottles:  pear-shaped,  with  graceful  narrow  neck: 
thin  spiral  line  of  opaque  glass  outside. 

2833.  Amber,  white  line.     Amathus.     Cf.  Cambr.,  No.  25  {Tremithus). 
2834-2837.    White,  white  line.  2838.  White,  green  line. 

2839.  Blue,  white  line  (fragmentary).  Cf.  Cambr.,  Nos.  65  (Golgoi),  77 
{Tremithi(s). 

Miscella7teous. 

2340-2841.    Plain    translucent   bottles    of  form   2603    ff.,    but   fluted : 

fragmentary. 
2842.    Hemispherical  bowl   with  base-ring  and   rim,   translucent :   blue 

glass  with  white  opaque  streaks.     Cf.  2832  (amber).    Amathus,  221. 


CATALOGUE    OF    GLASS.  105 

Amethyst-coloured,  translucent,  with    opaque   white   wavy  streaks.     Cf. 
Cambr.,  No.  64  [Golgoi). 

2S43.    Pillar-moulded  bowl  with  rim.     KBH.  Ixv.     Soli. 

2844.    Similar:  with  opaque  while  streaks.     Cf.  Louvre  [Myrina),  534: 

Larnaka  [Turahi),  1894,  22. 
2845-2846.    Amethyst :  similar,  plain. 
2847.    Sliape  like  2809,  but  with  six  concave  sides. 


D.    WELDED    GLASS,   COMPOSED    OF    PARTI-COLOURED 
RODS.     '  MILLEFIORE    GLASS.' 

2848.  Bowl  with  tall  foot :  amber  glass,  with  opaque  yellow  dashes  :  rim 
and  foot  edged  with  opaque  spiral  band  of  translucent  dark  blue  and 
opaque  white  :   fragments.     [Shelf  376.] 

2849.  Similar :  greenish  glass,  with  opaque  pale  green  dashes  :  spiral 
band  of  same  colour  :  fragments.     [Id.] 

2850.  Saucer  :  dark  transparent  blue  ground  :  medley  of  composite  rods 
and  shreds  of  white  and  yellow.     Larnaka  {Turabi),  45. 

2851.  Saucer  :  opaque  blue  with  opaque  white  shreds.    KBH.  Ixv.    Soli. 


E.     PAINTED    GLASS    BOWL    COVERS. 

Thin,  transparent  blown  glass,  apparently  cut  from  the  concave  bottom 
of  bottles  like  2551  ff.,  and  painted  in  blick  outline  on  the  convex  (inner) 
side,  with  a  white  backing ;  colours  occasionally  introduced,  so  as  to 
show  through  the  gloss.  The  painting  flakes  away  very  easily.  Cf. 
Chroniques,  pp.  268-9;  J.  H.S.  ix  (1888),  p.  274  {Kuklia);  Cambridge, 
Nos.  33  {Tremithus),  118  (Jdalion);  A.  P.  di  Cesnola,  Salaminia,  fig.  159. 

2861.  Draped  female  figure,  full  face :  left  hand  raised  to  lift  the 
luxuriant  hair;  right,  by  side,  seems  to  hold  drapery.  Figured 
Reinach,  Chroniques  d'Orient,  p.  268  ;  KBH.  Ixvi.  5  (coloured). 
Kurion. 

2862.  Draped  and  winged  figure,  nearly  full  face  :  right  arm,  across  body, 
holds  a  wreath :  left  extended  downwards  towards  a  palm  branch. 
Cf.  (for  the  attitude),  Reinach,  Chroniques,  p.  268;  KBH.  Ixvi.  4 
(coloured). 

2863.  Draped  youthful  figure,,  cut  off  at  the  waist :  wreath  on  head  : 
tinted  red. 

2864.  Nude  female  figure,  full  face :  drapery  over  left  arm  :  flowers  in 
background,  like  2866. 

2865.  Much  corroded  :  traces  of  drapery  and  flowers. 

2866.  Nude  female  figure, like  2864.  Figured  Reinach,  Chroniques,  p.  268, 
I  St  figure;  KBH.  Ixvi.  i  (coloured);  but  much  damaged  since. 
Kurion. 

2867.  Draped  female  figure,  full  face  :  holding  foliage  in  extended  left 
hand  (cf.  Reinach,  Chroniques,  p.  268,  6ih  fig.;  KBH.  Ixvi.  6). 
Amathus,  218. 

2868.  Apparently  similar,  much  damaged.     Amathus,  130. 

2869.  Similar:  representation  almost  wholly  gone.     Amathus,  4S. 
2870-2881.    Similar  :   representations  wholly  gone.     Old  Collection. 


Io6  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

F.    TOILET  ARTICLES  OF  VARIEGATED  GLASS  (cf.  D). 

2891-2895.    Stirring  rods   of   twisted    glass   with   ring   handle. 

White,  except  2893,  which  is  dark  blue.  Cf.  Cambr.,  No.  56  (Ida/mi): 
Louvre  {Myrifia),  538. 

2896-2900.  Needles,  with  broad,  flat,  pointed  eye-end,  with  spirals  of 
opaque  white :  probably  used  as  toilet-pencils  to  apply  cosmetics. 
2899-2900,  blue  glass.     KBH.  Ixv.     Soli. 

Finger-rings. 

2901.  Cf.  4215:  clear  yellow  with  opaque  yellow  spiral:  small  round 
gem  of  blue  glass.     KBH.  Ixv.     Soli. 

2902.  Bezel  large  and  oval  :  white  glass.     Cf.  Si.  Germain,  15140. 
2903-2904.    Bezel  flat.     KBII.  Ixv.     Soli. 

2905.  Bezel  concave,  to  hold  a  separate  'gem'  which  is  missing.  Cf. 
Cambr.,  Nos.  43  {Paphos:  green  glass  gem  like  a  watch-glass),  115 
{Aj)ialhus,  3  spp.),  121  {Amathus  and  Marion). 

4916.  Yellow  glass  ring :  blue  *  gem '  edged  with  yellow. 

4917.  Yellow  glass  ring  :  brown  '  gem.'  Cf.  Kurion,  Tomb  Group  B. 
12  ;  p.  182. 

4921.  Glass  ring  with  enormous  flat  bezel  and  blue  glass  gem. 

4922.  Bezel  smaller. 

4923.  Hollow  bezel  for  a  lost  glass  gem.     Poli.,  25,  II. 
4924-4926.    Oval  concave  glass  like  a  watch-glass  :  probably  the  '  gem ' 

of  a  similar  ring.     4926.  Nearly  flat. 

2999.  Fragments  of  glass  and  glass-slag  from  the  furnace  discovered  at 
Tamassos.     Reinach,  Chroniques,  p.  295. 


TERRACOTTAS. 


General  Collection,  including  all,  now  in  the  Museum,  which  do  not 
belong  to  Tomb  Groups  (q-v.)  or  Collections  from  Sanctuaries  (5001- 
6200).     For  the  principal  types  and  fabrics  v.  Introduction,  pp.  27-32. 

N.  B. — A  few  stone  statuettes  are  described  under  the  terracotta  types  to  which  they 

belong. 

Nude  female  figures. 

(a)  Both  hands  on  breasts. 

3001.    Very  crudely  moulded,  without  details.  Akhna. 

3003.  Egyptian  style,  flat-backed,  with  fringe  of  superfluous  clay :  heavy 
earrings,  necklaces,  armlets,  and  bracelets  :  red  and  black  paint  over 
white  slip.  Tamassos,  M.  A.  17. 

3005.    Same  type,  very  coarse  native  work.     [440.] 

3007.    Same  type,  less  Egyptian  influence. 

{b)  Left  hand  by  side,  right  supports  left  breast. 

3011.  Native  style  with  slight  Egyptian  influence  :  plaits  of  hair  fall  on 
shoulders :  upper  necklace  of  large  beads,  lower  with  large  pendant 
disc.  Salamis,  '  Toiwiba'  Site,  April  18. 

3013.    Very  much  worn  and  broken.  Kalopsida  {surface). 

(c)  Right  hand,  in  front  of  body,  holds?  a  bird.      Cf.  31 11. 

3015.  Akhna.  Presented,  Avith  the  rest  of  the  specimens  marked  Akhna, 
by  Mr.  C.  D.  Cobham,  1894.  They  are  duplicates  from  the  exca- 
vations of  1882. 

Flower-bearers.  Draped :  mostly  female :  right  hand  across 
body,  often  holding  flowers  :  left  by  side  or  lifting  drapery.     Cf. 

types  from  Kamiros,  Brit.  B.  n  8  ff". :  Louvre  [Rhodes),  Henzey,  T-C.  46-8. 

3017.  Male,  bearded  :  chiton  foldless  :  arm  slung  in  a  fold  of  the  upper 
garment.  Akhna. ^    C.  D,  C. 

3019.  Male,  beardless  :  tall  and  narrow  like  5003  (Voni) :  chiton  and 
arm  as  before  :  limestone.  Salamis,  '  Toumba''  Site,  April  17. 

3021.  Similar,  headless :  broader  proportions :  himation  without  folds, 
so  that  the  border,  cut  in  chevrons,  hangs  in  front  from  left  shoulder 
to  right  hip  :  arm  as  before.  Salamis,  '  Toumba '  Site,  April  1 7. 

3023.    ?  Female  :  flat-backed  :  chiton  foldless :  arm  as  before. 

Amathus,  58. 

3025.    Similar,  holding  a  small  bowl :  limestone. 

3027.  Female  (headless) :  right  arm  free,  holding  a  flower :  left  holds 
drapery  :  limestone  with  traces  of  colour.  Akhna  i'    C.  D.  C. 

3029.    Flat-backed,  holding  a  flower.  Amathus,  58. 


Io8  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

3031.  Female  figure,  well  worked  in  the  round,  in  chiton,  himation, 
shoes,  and  pointed  headdress  :  left  hand  holds  flower  :  necklace  of 
pendants  :  details  and  borders  of  tlrapery  in  red :  swastikas  on 
chiton  :  limestone.     [443.]     Cf.  KBH.  cciii.  3.     Po/i  {0-R.  1885). 

3032-3033.  Similar,  flat-backed  terracotta:  rosettes  on  headdress 
api)licd  in  relief:  traces  of  red  colour.  Po//,  71,  I. 

3035.  Similar,  more  elaborate,  on  pedestal,  modelled  behind :  the 
elbows  project  and  draw  forward  the  outer  garments  :  right  hand 
broken,  but  probably  held  a  flower  :  conical  cap,  with  a  row  of  six 
large  rosettes  over  the  foreheatl:  two  wavy  locks  of  hair  fall  on  each 
shoulder  :  Cyjiriote  type  of  features  :  hair  and  eyes  painted  in  black  : 
upper  part  of  body  (chiton  ?)  yellow  :  lower  part  (himation  ?)  and 
shoes  purple-red  :  traces  of  bluish  green  on  skirt  of  chiton.  (J.  H.  S. 
xi.  p.  52.)  Po/i,  B.  14. 

3037-3039.    Similar:  coarser  work  :  traces  of  purple  red.     Poll,  13,  I. 

3041.  Similar :  long  curling  hair  :  left  hand  draws  drapery  across  the 
body.  Po/i,  13,  I. 

3043.    Similar  :  flat-backed  :  right  hand  extended  upwards  in  exhortation. 

Amathus,  28. 

3045-3047.  Similar:  cf  3041:  work  poor,  moulded  on  base  and  back- 
ground.    Poli  (C.E.F.),  B.     Cf  Pali,  Tomb  Group,  117,  I.  p.  174. 

Same  type,  gradually  modified  by  Greek  influence  into  figures 
of  the  style  of  Myrina  or  Tanagra,  but  probably  of  Cypriote 
fabric. 

3055.    Poli,  72,  I. 

3057.    /W/,  88,  II.     Cf  /^(?//,  75,  I;   iii,II;   142,11. 

3059.  Wears  a  broad  stephane,  and  a  thick  twisted  lock  falling  on  each 
shoulder  :  left  hand  supports  folds  of  himation,  right  is  laid  on  the 
breast  with  fingers  upwards,  still  as  if  holding  a  flower :  Hellenistic 
work.  Poli,  142,  II. 

3061.  Figure  of  regular  Greek  style  :  hands  in  same  position,  but  both 
enveloped  in  drapery.     [426.] 

3062.  Similar  :  the  position  of  the  hands  reversed. 

3063 fif.    Similar  heads:  one  is  in  dark  grey  clay,  like  3195. 

A.  P.di  C.  1878. 

'  Votaries.'    Standing  female  figures  with  both  hands  by  sides. 

3071.    Style  like  301 1 ;  broken  below.    Salamis," Toiimba   Site,  April  2\. 

3073.  Similar.  Akhna,  iZ.Vt.C 

3074.  Flat  Cypriote  style.  Amathus,  251*. 

3075.  Flat-backed  Cypriote  style:  foldless  chiton  and  headdress  with 
flaps  behind  ears.  Amathus,  186. 

3076.  Boldly  and  simply  cut  in  soft  stone.  Amathus,  91 '^. 

3077.  Same  motive  in  Greek  style :  caryatid  pose :  right  knee  slightly 
bent.  Poli,  59,  I. 

3079-3081.    Similar  :  poor  native  copies  :  traces  of  red  colour. 

Poli,  III,  II. 

Female  figures  with  both  arms  extended  outwards  and 
upwards. 

3083.  Cylindrical  wheel-made  body  :  head  rudely  modelled,  with  high 
headdress  flat  in  front.  Aniathus,  20. 


CATALOGUE    OF    TERRACOTTAS.  I09 

3085.    '  Snow-man '  technique  :  arms  turned  downwards.  Ai^/ia,  CD. C 

3087.  '  Snow-man '  technique  :  wreath  or  cap  added  :  arms  broken  : 
perhaps  from  a  ring-dance.  Akhna,  C.  D.  C. 

3089.  Bearded  male  figure  in  pointed  cap:  'snow-man'  technique: 
ears  added :  arms  downwards  :  transversely  perforated  near  base  : 
red  and  black  colour.  Tamassos. 

3091.  Female  figure,  moulded,  in  heavy  veil  and  drapery  :  arms  extended 
outwards  and  slightly  forward.  Probably  a  representation  of  a  cult- 
statue.     KBH.  ccx.  20.     [449.]  Akhiia. 

3093.  Female  figure :  drapery  nearly  foldless  :  Egyptian  headdress  and 
heavy  necklaces.    [981.]    Patera  or  tympanum  held  over  abdomen. 

Akhna. 

Nursing-mothers.     Flat-backed  stone  statuettes  of  a  heavily 
draped  female  figure  seated  in  a  chair  with  stout  arms,  holding 
an  infant  in   tall  pointed  cap.      Cf  Brii.  Mus.  {Dali) :    S.  Kens. 
(432   1889). 
3095.    Greek  features:    chair   high-backed:    figure   in   relief  upon    it. 

Cf.  5229  {Khytroi):  St.  Gennam,  15 166.  Akhna  .^  C.  D.  C. 

3097.    Cypriote   features:    chair  low-backed:    stout  figure.      Cf   5223 

{Khylroi).  Aniathus,  58. 

3099.  Chair  with  high  uprights  :  figure  projecting.  Poli,  134,11. 

3100.  Head  (perhaps  of  this  type)  with  polos.  [437.]      3100  a.  Stone. 

Tambourine-players. 

3101.  Flat  fabric  :  tambourine  held  in  left  hand  flat  on  breast. 

Akhra,  C.  D.  C. 
3103.    Similar:    projecting  roll-headdress:    long  pendants  below  ears: 

two  necklaces  :  tambourine  hanging  from  right  hand.  Ak/ina,  C.  D.  C. 
3105.  'Snow-man' technique:  headdress  and  ear-flaps  added  :  tambourine 

held  at  arm's  length.  Ajuathits,  186. 

3107.    Similar :  tambourine  held  flat  on  breast :   black  and  red  paint  : 

eyss  painted  on  breasts.     KBH.  ccvi.  5.  Kurion. 

3109.  Like  3105:  ruder:  tambourine  held  lower.  Amalhus,  r86. 

3110.  Similar.  Amal/ucs,  251*. 

Bird-carriers.     Cf.  5535  {Karnelargd)  and  3015  above. 

3111.  Same  technique  as  3103,  but  hollow:  slightly  archaic  Greek 
features :  necklaces  and  armlets :  bird  held  by  neck  in  right  hand  in 
front  of  body.     [422.] 

3112.  Female  standing  figure  :  late  Greek  type  of  features  (strong  chin) : 
polos  and  veil  over  it  broken  away :  necklace  of  pendants  :  prominent 
breasts  under  sleeveless  chiton  :  left  hand  below  breast,  supporting 
a  peculiar  ornament  of  discs,  perhaps  a  dish  of  cakes :  moulded : 
plain  back  :  hollow.     [424.]     Cf.  5522-4  (A'a/z/f/c/r^a). 

Harp-players. 

3113-3115.  Rectangular  harp  held  on  left  arm  and  played  with  right : 
style  like  3001.    C^.  ^^16  I  A'ame/arga).    KBH.  xii.  1-3,  12.     AkJuia? 

3117.    Similar,  smaller.  Akhna? 

3119.  Flat-backed,  moulded  :  Greek  double  chiton  :  polos  with  veil  under 
it:  plectrum  in  right  hand.     [436.]  Ahkna. 

3121.  Polos :  triangular  lyre  on  right  arm  :  red  paint.  KBH.  ccii.  3. 
[4  2  8.  J  Kun'on. 


no  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

3123.  Caricature  of  same  type :  comic  actor  seated,  playing  similar 
instrument.  A.  P.  di  Cesnola,  1878. 

Seated  figures.     Cf.  the  large  portrait  groups  from  Poli,  32 11  ff. 
3125.    Heavily  draped,   veil  over  stephane :    cloak   falling  over  knees : 
Cypriote  features  :  hands  on  knees:  drapery  red.  Poli,  134,  II. 

3127.    Similar  pose.  Poli,  44,  II. 

3129.    Stephane,  cheeks,  chiton  and  chair-arms  red  on  white  slip. 

Poli,  30,  III. 

3131.  Riglit  arm  on  breast:  head  missing.  Poli,  in,  II. 

3132.  Poli,  T.  G.  106,  II. 

3133.  Hellenistic  style  :  two  male  figures  on  cushioned  couch,  in 
himation  and  high  polos :  that  on  the  left  holds  on  his  knees  a  roll : 
that  on  the  right  a  folding  wax  tablet.  A.  P.  di  Cesnola,  1878.  Cf. 
fragment  from  Tarsus :  Louvre  {Salle  Hf)  (Langlois  collection). 

3135.  Hellenistic  style :  a  bearded  man  with  bare  feet  and  heavy  conical 
cap  sits  wrapped  in  himation,  which  he  gathers  together  with  his 
right :  left  on  knee.     [i,57-] 

3137.  Cypriote  style,  modelled  :  ?  bearded  ?  male  figure  in  pointed  cap 
with  long  flaps,  and  raised  bands  like  5555-6.  (Kamelarga^,  and 
garments  with  chevron-fringe  like  3021  :  thick  boots  fastened  over 
ankles :  right  hand  hangs  by  side :  left,  on  breast  under  drapery, 
holds  a  spherical  object.  Tatnassos. 

Becumbent  figures. 

3139.  'Snow-man'  technique:  left  shoulder  resting  on  two  pillows:  head 

missing.     |  =5833.]  Salamis,  '  Toumba''  Site,  April  26. 

3141.    Greek  influence  :  moulded:  on  four-legged  couch.     Poli,\\\,\\. 

3143.  Greek  influence  :  moulded.     Poli,  159,11. 

3144.  Similar.     Poli,  20,  II.     Cf.  Poli,  T.  G.  106  (three  specimens). 

3145.  Group  in  '  snow-man '  technique  :  a  woman  grinding  corn  with  a 
saddle-quern,  like  CM.  471-478:  in  front,  a  large  vessel  to  hold 
the  flour:  a  child,  seated  opposite,  holds  a  sieve.  [433-]  [341 
(Warren)  Tamassos.]  Journ.  Cypr.  Stud.  I.  PL  i.  KBH.  clxxiii. 
19  h.     Cf.  Diimmler,  INIitth.  Aih.  xiii.  286.  Taviassos. 

3147.  Warrior  ':  '  snow-man '  technique  :  conical  helmet  :  on  left  arm 
a  round  shield  with  pointed  central  boss  (cf.  that  from  Amathus 
(Cesn.  Coll.  N.  Y.),  KBH.  cxlii.  5  b) :  short  sword  in  right  hand.  Cf. 
5541-5542  {Kamelarga).  Tamassos,  O. 

Temple-boy  type.     Cf.  Vojti,  5112  ff. 

3151.  Infant  Herakles  of  wholly  Hellenistic  style,  crouching  on  left 
knee  and  leaning  on  left  hand,  which  holds  by  the  head  a  snake 
coiled  round  the  arm.     (Fragmentary.)  A.  Cesnola,  1878. 

3153.  Temple-boy  on  right  knee  :  himation  falling  from  neck  behind 
and  wrapped  round  loins  and  legs :  right  hand  rests  on  a  disc  ? 

A.  Cesnola,  1878. 

3155.  Temple-boy  on  left  knee,  in  pointed  cap.  Poli,  77.  I. 

3156.  Similar.  Poli,  *io6,  II. 

3157.  ?  Female  figure  on  left  knee :  pointed  headdress :  somewhat 
archaic  style.  Poli,  159,  II. 

Miscellaneous  Hellenistic  motives. 
3161.    HarpokraUs.    Nude,   on   high   seat :    legs  nearly  straight :    knees 


CATALOGUE  OF  TERRACOTTAS.  Ill 

outwards :  wavy  hair  gathered  in  top-knot :  left  holds  bird  by  wings  : 
right,  in  front  of  body,  holds  ?  flower  ?  ladle.  A.  Ces?io/a,  1878. 

3163.  IJros.  Standing :  wings  spread  :  holds  a  bow  in  both  hands : 
rough  Hellenistic  work. 

3165.    Crouching  on  the  back  of  a  wreathed  swan.     [435-] 

A.  Cesnola,  1878. 

3167.    Seated  astride  a  goat:  both  hands  to  right.  A.  Cesnola,  1878. 

3169.  Two  Erotes  embracing :  one  has  drapery  on  left  arm :  fine 
Hellenistic  work,  but  much  worn.  Poll,  93,  I. 

3171.    Eros  and  Psyche.    Ordinary  Hellenistic  motive. 

3173.  Caricature  of  same  motive  by  comic  actors  :  grotesque  group : 
female  figure,  in  heavy  pink  drapery,  supporting  chin  with  right  hand, 
turns  away  to  right  from  grotesque  male  figure  in  red  comic  mask, 
yellow  chiton,  and  pink  himation  from  waist  downwards,  who  is 
about  to  embrace  her:  broken  below.     KBH.  ccviii.  i.  Kurion. 

Satyrs,  cfr. 

3175.  Nude  Silenus,  astride  :  'snow-man  '  technique  :  nose  and  crown  of 
leaves  with  pendants  added :  right  arm  extended  as  if  towards 
mouth  :  left  hangs  down  :  support  like  a  third  leg  behind. 

3177.    Nude  satyric  figure  in  comic  mask,  playing  syrinx  :  limestone. 

Poll,  44,  II. 

3179.    Satyr,  squatting,  playing  double  flute  :  moulded.  Poll,  93,  I. 

3181-3183.    Satyr,  same  pose,  without  flute.  Pali,  146,  II. 

Masks.     Cf.  Heuzey  {Louvre),  No.  82-3. 

3185.  Archaic  female  head  like  those  from  Tanagra,  but  probably  of 
Cypriote  fabric.  Poll,  142,  III. 

3187.  Tragic  mask :  eyes  and  mouth  perforated  :  double  fringe  of 
dishevelled  hair,  coloured  red  :  face  yellowish  brown. 

3189.    Draped  female  figure:  right  on  hips  :  left  extended  :  head  missing. 

Salamis,  C.  21  M. 

3191.  Similar :  Tanagra  type  :  hair  drawn  together  on  top  of  head : 
right  by  side,  left  on  hip,  both  under  drapery.     [427.] 

3193.    Similar:  native  clay,  very  fragmentary.  Ajuathis,  189. 

3195.  Nude  female  figure  with  luxuriant  hair :  apparently  pregnant : 
left  hand  to  head,  elbow  supported  on  right  palm :  dark  grey  clay 
(cf.  Amathus,  Brit.  Mus.  94/1 1/1/303)  with  white  slip.    AfJialhtis,  296. 

3199.  Hermes  Koiirotrophos :  nude,  except  himation  fastened  on  left 
shoulder :  right  arm  (broken)  falls  downwards  and  backw^ards : 
child  on  left  arm,  draped  from  waist.  A.  Cesnola,  1878. 

3200.  Hermes.     [Torso.]  Poli,i: .Q.  w-^. 

3201.  Hermes  ivith  attributes  of  Herakles,  or  vice  versa :  cloak  round 
shoulders,  hanging  behind  and  over  bent  left  arm :  caduceus  in  right. 

3203.  IMale  figure,  standing,  in  very  short  chiton  like  5901  ff".  (Amargetti): 
twisted  belt :  himation  from  shoulders  and  bent  left  arm :  right  on 
hips,  fingers  spread :  head  missing,  and  attribution  doubtful. 

Amathus,  28. 

3205.  Nude  male  torso  :  right  holds  spindle-shaped  thunderbolt :  left 
retains  drapery,  which  falls  from  left  shoulder  behind. 

3207.  INIale  figure,  standing :  head  missing  :  himation  about  hips  and 
hung  over  left  arm,  which  rests  on  a  column  or  tree  and  holds  a 
bird  :  right  on  hip.  A.  Cesnola,  1878. 


112  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

Portrait  figures,  usually  seated ;  a  wholly  naturalistic  type, 
almost  confined  to  the  necropolis  of  Marion  (Poli) :  modelled 
hollow  in  thin  fragile  grey  clay  ;  with  chalky  white  slip,  and 
occasional  traces  of  colour.  Fourth  century  onwards.  KBH. 
clxxxvi-clxxxvii. 

(a)  Young  male  figure  in  chiton  and  Iiimaiion,  seated  on  chair,  generally 
high-backed :  both  hands  in  lap.     Cf.  Brit.  INIus.  C  155. 

3211.    Wreath  of  leaves  in  hair. 

3213.    Ilair  in  fillet :   small  female  figure  stands  by  right  side  of  chair. 
3215.    Hair  short  and  loose  :  rather  fuller  features. 
3217.    [Head  missing]  :  left  hand  rests  on  a  small  bird. 
3219-3223.    Head  and  arms  missing. 

3225.  Hair  or  stephane  high  on  forehead  and  crowned  with  leaves  :  veil 
over  all. 

{b)  Female  figures,  similarly  seated. 

3227.    Holding  very  small  child  on  left  arm  =  J.  H.  S.  xii.  p.  324-5,  fig.  6. 
3229.    Holding  child  on  right  arm  :  fragmentary. 

3231.  Youthful  features :  wavy  hair  under  veil,  which  is  drawn  round 
across  lap  and  held  in  right  hand :  head  bent  and  leaning  on  left 
arm,  which  is  enveloped  to  wrist  in  veil.  Poli,  72,  H. 

3232.  Head  of  similar  figure.  Poli,  T.  G.  26,  I. 

(c)  Male  figures  recumbent  on  left  elbow  oti  couch  with  cushions. 

3233.  Bearded :  crowned  with  wreath :  couch  quite  plain.  Cf.  Brit. 
INIus.  C  156. 

3235.  [Head  missing]  :  couch  has  legs  :  a  small  stool  projects  in  front 
near  the  foot,  on  which  are  the  feet  of  a  small  [missing]  figure.  Cf. 
Brit.  i\Ius.  C  154. 

3245.  Frieze  in  high  relief  from  the  front  of  a  similar  couch : — figures 
from  left  to  right  as  follows: — (i)  draped  female  figure:  tree  with 
(2)  small  figure  in  branches,  and  (3)  another  on  right  side  of  it 
below,  facing  (i):  (4)  draped  female  figure,  full  face,  looking  up 
at  (2)  in  the  tree:  (5),  (6)  similar  figures,  full  face;  right  hand  slung 
in  fold  of  drapery,  left  concealed  by  side ;  between  them  a  palm 
tree :  (6)  looks  away  to  left  at  [something  missing] :  there  was 
apparently  room  for  two  more  figures  on  the  broken  part. 

3246.  Fragment  of  a  similar  figure  in  stone :  fiat-backed :  a  small  child 
lies  in  front  of  the  larger  figure. 

(yd)    Various  types  in  the  same  technique. 

3247.  Female  figure,  standing,  on  square  pedestal  :  left  hand  raised  to 
the  head  :  right  holds  drapery. 

3248.  Similar  :  both  hands  concealed  in  girdle  folds. 

3249.  Male  figure,  nude,  standing  :  oenochoe  in  right  hand  [torso], 
£250.    Male  figure,  in  short  chiton  [lower  part]. 

N.  B. — Thirteen  male  and  three  female  heads  of  this  class  are  not  catalogued. 

Birds,  moulded. 

3251-3255.  Doves.  3251.  A.  Cesnola,  1878.  3253.  Poli,  61,  I. 

3255.    20,  II.  3256.     F.  G.  26,  I. 

3257.  Swan.  Poli,  20,  l\.  3259.    Cock.    Poli,  20,ll.    KBH,  ex.  6. 


CATALOGUE  OF  TERRACOTTAS.  I13 

Birds :  *  snow-man '  technique. 

3261.  Amaihus,  2"]^.  3265.    Salami's,  ^  Totimba' 

3262.  Amaihus,  251.  3267.  Poli,  28,  III. 
3263-3264.    Amathus,  275.                  3269-3271.    Tamassos. 

3273.    Bird  :  roughly  cut  in  stone.  Poli,  F.  25. 

3275-3276.    Small  birds  from  the  edge  of  a  cup.     ?  Bronze  Age. 

3277.    Tortoise:  moulded:  white  slip  :  found  with  3255-7-9.    Cf.  Brit. 
]\Ius.  B  211-13.  Poli,  20,  II. 

3281.  Dog  :' snow-man  '  technique.  Poli,  C.'E.Y.  26. 

3283.  Moulded  :  seated.  Poli,  39,  III. 

3284.  Moulded.  Poli,  T.  G.  106,  II. 

3285.  Shaggy  coat:  moulded.     [422.] 

3287.    Shaggy  coat:  modelled.  Pc?//,  K.  36. 

3288-3289.    Lion :  modelled.     Poli,  T.  G.  106,  l\. 
3290-1.     INIoulded.    Poli,  *2  6,  I. 

Horsemen :  '  snow-man '  technique.  Cf.  Louvre,  Heuzey,  T-C. 
No.  48,  PI.  X.  3. 

3293.  Poli,  127,  I.  3301.  Ajnathis,  173. 

3294.  Poli,  *ii7,  I.  3302.  Amathus,  158. 

3295.  /"o/z;  C.  E.  F.  36.  3303.  Amathus,  2^^. 
3297.  Poli,  61,  I.  3304.  Amathus,  251. 
3299.  Amathus,  275.  3305.  Amathus,  47. 

Stable  groups:  '  snow-man'  technique  :  two  horses  stand  side  by  side, 
with  their  fore  and  hind  feet  on  narrow  transverse  bases.  In  front  of 
them  a  groom,  who —  Cf.  Louvre,  Heuzey,  T-C.  No.  188, 

and  Hake,  S.  Kens.  MS.  Report. 
3301.    Oifers  them  corn  in  a  flat  basket :    red  and  black  geometrical 

ornament. 
3303.  Raises  his  arms  to  lead  them  :  he  is  girt  with  a  sword  of  Early 
Iron  Age  (Dipylon)  type.  The  horses'  manes  are  tied  in  knots,  as 
on  -Assyrian  reliefs  and  late  Mykenaean  vases  (Furtw.  and  Loeschke, 
M.  V.  429  a:  Schl.  Tiryns,  PL  xv).  Harness  is  indicated  by 
applied  strips  of  clay. 

Horses:  'snow-man'  technique:  details  added  on  3309-3317. 

3307.    Amathus,  12.  3309.    Poli,  Q.Y..V .  i^. 

3311-3313-3315.    Amathus,  20. 

3317.   Bridle  and  fringed  collar  :  cf.  6013  {Tamassos). 

Oxen:  'snow-man'  technique  except  3321. 
3321.    Bronze  Age  'base-ring'  fabric  [v.  p.  49].  3323.  Amathus,  47. 

3325-3327.    Rosette  between  horns.  Amathus,  i%6-\  16. 

3328.  Goat  [head  only].  Poli,  *44,  II. 

3329.  Pig:  'plate-technique,'  cf.  Amathus,  297:    the  feet  stand  on   a 
base.  Poli,  F.  31. 

3331.    Ass  :   laden  with  basket  panniers,  such  as  are  still  in  use  :  pkte- 
technique.     Cf.  Liverpool,  9/3/97/4.  A.  Cesnola,  1878. 


114  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

3337-3339.    Ram :    in  stone,  naturalistic  style  :    support  between   legs 
coloured  red  :  cf.  KBH,  ex.  5.  3337.  Amaihus,  305.  3339. 

[Head  only].     Salatnis,  '  Loutron '  Site. 

Carts :  '  snow-man '  technique :  red  and  black  paint.     Cf.  Brit.  Mus. 
{Amathus),  several  spp.:  Louvre,  Heuzey,  T-C.  No.  33-4- 

3341.  With  arched  cover,  socket  for  pole,  and  seat  for  driver. 

Tamassos,  A.  4. 

3342.  With  low  square  body  on  broad  frame.  Amathus,  186. 

3343.  Open  at  back  and  front,  wheels  missing.  Ainathus,  181. 
3345.  Like  3342,  smaller,  wheels  missing.  Amathus,  157. 

Boats:  'snow-man' technique:  almost  confined  to  Amathus.  KBH.  cxlv. 

3351.   Aplustre  on  stern :  one  seat  in  bow  and  stern  :  dolphin  prow  with 

black  eyes.  Amathus,  ir^i. 

3353.    Similar,  plain  and  unpainted.  Amathus,  27. 

3355.    Very  rude.  Salamis,  C.  24  j. 

3357-9.     Bells  with  holes  to  suspend  clapper.  3357.    [879.] 

3361.    Pomegranate.     CL  Lotivre  {Myrttia),  j^o-j.  Foh',*ii'j,  I. 


BRONZE    OBJECTS. 

*  denotes  that  the  object  is  exhibited  with  the  Tomb  Group  to  which  it  belongs. 

Cauldrons,  bowls,  and  other  vessels. 

3501.  Cauldron  with  nearly  upright  sides  and  loops  on  each  side  for 
a  pair  of  swinging  handles.     D.  0-462,  H.  0-20. 

Tamassos,  A.  12  (MS.  Inv.). 

3502.  Bowl  \v\i\\  one  ring  handle.     D.  0-265,  ^-  0-07.  Tamassos. 

3503.  Bowl  with  one  swinging  handle ;    the  rim  is   strengthened  for 
nearly  half  the  circumference.     D.  0-274,  H.  0-04.  Tamassos. 

3504.  Bowl  with  ring  handles.  Tamassos. 

3505.  Bowl  with  three  ring  handles.  Poll,  C.E.  F. 

3506.  Bowl  with  two  handles.  Poll,  *2  6,  I. 

3510.  Bowl,  handleless.  Amaihus,  21^*. 

3511.  Bowl,  handleless,  shallow.  Tamassos. 

3512.  Patera  with  broad  rim.  Tamassos,  A.  12  (MS.  Inv.). 

3513.  Hemispherical  bowl.  D.  0-185,  H.  0-082. 

Larnaka  {Turabi,  1894,  34). 

3514.  Hemispherical  bowl  with  omphalos.     D.  0-138,  H.  0-03. 

Amaihus,  98. 

3515.  Hemispherical  bowl  with  incurved  rim.    D.  0-12,  H.  0-05.     O.C. 
3517.   Hemispherical  bowl  with  distinct  rim   and  omphalos.     D.  0-12, 

H.  0-045.  Idalion,  26. 

3519.    Hemispherical  bowl,  deeper,  plain.     D,  o-ioi,  H.  0-068. 

Poll,  II.  15. 
3521.   Bowl  of  two  thicknesses  of  metal,  plain  within,  reeded  without : 

deep  expanding  rim.     D.  0-134,  H.  0-062.  Idalion,  26. 

3523.  Bowl  with  single  plain  body.    D.  0-12,  H.  0-062.      Poll,  III.  18. 

3524.  Bowl,  conical,  pointed  below.     D.  0-06,  H.  0-031.  Poll. 

3528.  Bowl,  nearly  flat,  with  fastening  of  missing  foot  on  under  side. 
D.  0-114,  H.  0-012.  Poll. 

3529.  Bowl,  fluted.     D.  0-135,  H.  0-025.  Kurion,  1884. 
3531.   AjV/x  with  curled  handles  and  low  foot.    D.  (across  handles)  0-15, 

H.  0-054.     Tomb  near  Ag.  Hermogenis.  Kurion,  1884. 

3535.    Neck  of  a  large  lekythos :   found  intact,  1889,  in  'Royal  Grave' 

IV.  II,  since  broken.     H.  o-ii.     [not  in  MS.  Inv.]  Tamassos. 

3537.    Oenochoe  with  conical  neck  and  strongly  pinched  lip.     Cf.  107 1. 

H.  0-212.  Tamassos,  A.  12  (MS.  Inv.). 

3539.    Jug  with  smooth  lip  and  rising  handle.  Poll,  *26,  I. 

3541-3554.    Small  vessels  with  hemispherical  body,  and  a  flat  top  with 

small  round  central  hole  closed  by  a  cover,  which  is  attached  by  a 

chain  to  the  swinging  bucket-handle.  D.  0-05-0-10,  H.  0-025-0-05. 

3545.    Amaihus,  58.         3549.    Amaihus,  186.         3553.  Amaihus, 

290  (lid  only). 

1  2 


Il6  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE, 

3555.    Nearly  flat  covers  with  central  handle.    D.  0-082,  H.  (of  handle) 

002.1. 

3557-3559.    Similar.  Larnaka  {Turabt,  1894,  45). 

3561-3568.    Small  cylindrical  boxes  with  close-fitting  cover.     D.  0-017- 

001 3,  II.  0055-0-032.     Cf.  Cesn.  Salaminia,  fig.  56. 
3571.    Handle  of  large  oenochoe :  cf.  3537  :    of  two  parallel  rolls  like 

those  of  the  native  pottery.     H.  0-135. 
3573.    Fragment  of  broad,  flat,  moulded  handle.     Breadth  0-03. 
3575.   Round  ca])  with  socket  on  under  side,  and  a  projecting  arm  at  one 

side  which   bears  a  large  plane-  or  vine-leaf  at  right  angles  :   of 

uncertain  use  :   perhaps  a  bracket  for  a  lamp  :  similar  brackets  still 

in  use.  [0-R.]     L.  of  leaf,  o-io;  of  arm,  0-089. 
3577.    Similar  object  :  support,  L.  0-08  :  the  arm  bears  a  transverse  bar 

(L.  0-081)  with  two  square  perforations  (D.  0-024). 
3579  ff.    Handles  of  bowls,  &c.  3583.    Kuklia. 

Cyathi. 
3601.    With  long  handle  ending  in  a  hook  and  a  swan's  head.    L.  0-427. 

Poh\  II.  88. 

3602-3603.  A  pair,  damaged:  present  length  005-0-054.   Foh',U.  214. 

3605.    Damaged  :  Cypriote  palmette  between  handle  and  bowl,  partly  in 

relief,  partly  engraved.  Kurion,  1883. 

3607.    Shallow  bowl :  fragmentary.     D.  (of  bowl)  o-o66.     Poli^  C.  E.  F. 

Candelabra. 

3611.  Tripod  of  candelabrum,  ending  in  horse's  hoofs  :  the  stem  was  of 
ironTabbut  i  m.  high,  bearing  a  round  plate  for  the  lamp  to  stand 
on.  D.  (from  foot  to  foot)  0-22,  H.  0-115.  Cf.  id.  1895,  Brit.  jMus. 
96/2/1.  310.  Kurion. 

3613-3620.    Lamp  stand  (upper  end) :   three  scrolled  arms  spring  from 
~      a  conventional  flower  stem,  and  are  held  together  by  a  rim  where 
they  diverge.     Cf  KBH.  xliii  8-10;  Cesn.  Cypr.  p.  336;   Sal.  PI. 
iv.  10;  J.  H.  S.  xii.  314  :  spp.  in  Cambr.  (with  wooden  shaft  in  the 
socket);  'e^j'.  Moucr.  6720  (Acropolis). 
\;       3613.    H.  0-25.     i'^V/ [C.  E.  F.,  T.  54].         3617.    P^//,  II.  239=* 
-       3615.    H.  0-174.    A'/^r/ow,  1886-7.  3619.    Poll. 

Chains,  suspension-rings,  &c.     3621-3630. 

3621.  Ring  (D.  0-04)  with  cluster  of  three  rings  below,  and  thence  chains 
of  8-shaped  links  (L.  0-135).  Poll,  C.  E.  F. 

3623.  Ring:  four  chains:  much  smaller.  L.  0-30.  Amaihus  {same 
shaft  as  Tomb  254,  close  to  the  surface). 

3625.    Hook  with  spike  to  fix  into  a  wall.  Salami's  Collection. 

3627.    Large  open  hook  with  ring  for  cord  or  chain. 

Bindings  of  boxes  and  coflQ.ns,  handles,  nails,  hinges,  locks,  &c. 
3631-3690. 
3631.    Large  flat  narrow  angle-binding :  sixth  century.    L.  (arms)  0-355- 

0-28.     B.  0-04.     Five  nails.  Poll. 

3633-3639.    Similar,  shorter,  and  broader.     L,  (arms)  0-125,  B.  0-045. 

Two  rows  of  six  nails  each.  Pali. 

3641.    Swinging  handle,  with  long  staples  to  fasten  in  wood.     L.  o-ii. 
3643  ff.    Round  loops  with  long  staple-ends,  hammered  out.     L.  0-105. 

3643.   A  pair.  Poll,  61,  I. 


«* 


CATALOGUE    OF    BRONZES.  II7 

3653 ff.   Large  broad-headed  nails.    L,  0-20.     3653-3655.  Po//,  20,  III. 

Cf.  *2  6,  I. 
3661-3663-3665.    Small  hinges.     L.  o-033-o-oi,  B.  o-072-o-042. 
3667.    Hasp  of  lock.     L.  0-076. 

3669-3671-3673.   Lock  plates.     H.  0-045-0-02,  B.  0-068-0-024. 
3675.    Iron  lock.     (J.  H.  S.  xii.  74  ff.)  Sa/amis,  'Agora'  Site. 

ZQll.   Iron  lock,  smaller.     H.  o-o6,  B.  0-05.     Soli,  1883. 

3679.    Bronze  key  :  wards  thus  |  |  }  }  |.      L.  0-031. 
3681-3683-3685.    Square  bronze  plates,  of  uncertain  use.     H.  0-136- 
0-074,  B.  0-141-0-064.  "        ' 

Weights  and  instruments. 

3691-3694.    Square  bronze  weights  (?),  (adjusted  by  means  of  a  leaden 

filling).     3691.    Salamis  Collection. 
3695.    Handle  and  tongue  of  a  balance. 
3697-3698.    Pairs  of  compasses.     L.  0-12. 
3699.    Square  shovel  of  sheet  bronze,  folded  at  the  corners.     L.  0-13, 

B.  0-099.  Karpass. 

Strigils. 

3701-3710.  (a)  Broad  blade  with  semi-circular  end,  and  narrow  handle 
bent  into  an  oval  loop,  and  ending  in  a  leaf-shaped  plate  on  the 
shoulder  of  the  blade.    L.  0-03. 

3701.  PolL  3709.    Poll. 

3703.  Poli,  20,  III.  3710.    Leaf-shaped  plate,  perforated.    Poli. 

3707.    Poli,  C.  E.  F. 
3711-3720.    (i3)  Narrow  tapering  blade,  engraved  on  the  back ;  straight 
solid  rectangular  handle  soldered  or  riveted  to  it. 

3711.    Slit  in  handle.     H.  0-26.    Amathus,  70. 

3715.    H.  0-19.     A.  P.  di  Cesnola,  1878. 

3717-3719.    Handle  hollow  and  filled  with  lead.     H.  0-20. 

Spatulae,  &c.     Cf.  St.  G.  14381 :  Bibl.  Nat.  1600  ff. 

3721  ff.    Broad  rectangular  blade  :  handle  ends  in  a  knob.  L.  0-19-0-13. 

3724.  Amathus,  290.  3726.  Poli,  61,  I. 

3725.  Amathus,  224.  3727.    Kuklia. 
3729.    The  handle  ends  in  a  point. 

3731  ff.    Taper  from  one  end  to  the  other. 

3735.    Spoon-shaped  :  circular  bowl  and  pointed  handle. 

Dipping  rods  for  cosmetics. 

3737  ff.    Knob  at  each  end.     L.  0-135.     Cf.  St.  G.  18019. 

3738.    Poli,  158,1:  cf.  *26,  I.  3740.    Tamassos. 

3745  ff.  Knob  at  one  end,  ring  at  the  other  :  disc  on  stem  to  rest  on  the 
mouth  of  the  toilet-bottle.     H.  0-17.     Cf.  St.  G.  13960,  14384. 

3749.  Bronze  rod  forked  at  each  end  like  a  packing-needle.  Limassol. 
Cf.  Bibl.  Nat.  F  6912  :  Cesn.  Salaminia,  PI.  iv.  9  E. 

Mirrors. 

A.   Egyptian.     Cf.  Louvre  {Salle  Civile),  V. 

3750.  Nearly  circular  plate,  flattened  opposite  the  handle:  Egyptian 
engraving  on  back.     PI.  VIII.  Amathus,  91*. 


Il8  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

B.   Amative. 
3751  ff.  (a)  Disc  and  handle-spike  in  one  piece,  with  Cypriote  volutes  at 
the  junction.     [3751-3766.]     D.  o-i6-o-ir. 

3751.  Polt\   C.  E.  ¥.  3754-3755.  Tamassos,  A.  14  (MS.  Inv.). 

3752.  Po/i,  25,  I.  3758.    Idalwn,  65. 

3753.  Foil,  16.  II. 

3765.  Disc  surrounded  by  a  rim,  with  a  prolongation  towards  the  handle. 

3766.  Disc  plain,  tapering  into  the  handle.     D.  o-i6. 

(0)   Disc  plain  with  rectangular  spike.     [3767-3775.] 

3769.  Silvering  preserved.     D.  0-13.  Poh',  215. 

3770.  D.  0-155.  Poll,  II.  76. 
3774.    Disc  slightly  prolonged  at  one  side,  but  no  spike.  D.  0-12. 

(y)  Disc  plain  and  thin,  with  slight  border  :  handleless  ;  or  with  handle 
made  in  a  separate  piece,  with  crescent-shaped  attachment,  to  be  soldered 
to  the  disc.     [3776-3790.] 
3776-3781    are     now    provided    with    handles    3776  a- 3778a,    which 

however  do  not  belong  to  these   discs.     D.  o- 15-0-11.         8779- 

3780-3781.     Amathus,  28,  165,  306. 
3786-3787.     D.  0-14.     The  edge  of  the  disc  is  perforated  widi  small 

holes.     Cf.  Cesn.  Salaminia,  PI.  iv.  2  B. 

{p)  Made  in  pairs  with  flanges  to  fit  into  each  other  like  plates  :  the 
inner  surfaces  are  silvered,  and  the  outer  are  ornamented  with  circular 
mouldings. 

3791-3792.    Original  pairs.     D.  0-109-0-078. 

3793.  Two  mirrors  which  fit  each  other,  but  are  not  a  certain  pair. 
D.  0-119.  Amathiis,  259. 

Single  valves,     (a)  With  flanged  surface  outwards. 

3795.  Groups  of  concentric  circles  between  the  circular  mouldings. 
D.  0-13. 

3796.  D.  o-ii.     Poli,CY..Y.  2,1^1.    D.  0-15.     Kuklia. 

(^J)    With  flat  surface  outwards. 

3798.  D.  0-115.     Kuklia. 

3799.  Plain  border  round  silvered  face.     D.  0-09. 

Arms  and  armour. 

3801.  Spear-head  with  tubular  socket,  slit  down  one  side  and  con- 
tinuous with  the  midrib,  which  is  more  than  half  the  width  of  the 
blade.     Very  early  Graeco-Phoenician.     H.  0-35.     Broken. 

A  ma  thus,  8. 

3811.  Arrow-head,  Hellenistic,  with  long  cylindrical  tang  and  flattish 
head  with  two  long  barbs. 

3813.    Shorter,  thicker.  3816.    Head  four-sided  and  blunt. 

3821.   Sword  [missing:  recorded  in  MS.  Inv.].  Tamassos,  A.  11. 

3825.  Axe-head  :  double-edged,  miniature.  Salafnis. 

3826.  Shoulder-plate  of  breast-plate.  3827.  Fragments. 

3829.  Hinged  end  of  similar  plate,  engraved. 

3830.  Other  fragments  of  armour. 

3826-3830  all  from  the  same  find,  Kiirion,  1885. 
3831-3832.    Circular  buckles. 
3833.    D-shaped  ring  from  belt  or  harness. 


CATALOGUE    OF    BRONZES.  II9 

3834.    Small  bronze  clamp  from  wood  or  leathern  work.  Tamassos. 

3841.  Snaffle  bit  with  cheek-pieces,  elaborately  ornamented  with 
'  palmettes '  so  as  to  resemble  a  '  sacred  tree.' 

3842.  Same  type,  with  plain  cheek-pieces. 

Flutes. 

3848-3849.  A  pair  of  flutes  of  bone  with  slightly  expanding  ends  : 
bound  with  bronze  at  frequent  intervals:  too  much  damaged  for 
measurement,  or  recovery  of  the  musical  scale.  Cf.  Cesn.  Sal.  fig.  54: 
p.  56. 

Statuettes,  &c. 

3851-3856.  Fragmentary  statuettes  of  oxen,  cast  thin  and  hollow,  and 
of  very  rude  design.     H.  0-041.  Lvnniti ? 

3857.  Upper  part  of  a  human  figure  with  arms  raised,  apparently 
a  charioteer. 

3861.  Small  pendant  in  shape  of  an  animal,  with  the  loop  behind  the 
neck.     L.  0-035,  H.  0-03. 

3862.  Statuette  of  a  deer  from  the  sanctuary  of  Apollo  at  Voni. 
(  =  C.  M.  5163.)     L.  0-049,  H.  0-035. 

3863.  Bent  finger  of  a  statue  about  life  size.  Amargetti. 

3864.  Nude  statuette,  apparently  female,  with  pointed  stephane  :  left 
hand  on  breast :  right  bent  at  elbow  and  holding  a  fish  (.?)  in  front  of 
the  body  :  a  scarf  (?)  hangs  from  the  neck  to  left  elbow.     H.  0-079. 

3865.  Graeco-Phoenician  statuette  of  a  naked  man :  broken  from  the 
knees  downward :  motive  similar  to  the  so-called  Apollo-figures  of 
Orchomenos,  &c.     H.  0-085. 

Reliefs. 

3870.  Gigantomachia  fragments  of  a  thin  rectangular  bronze  plate, 
embossed :  Hellenistic  work :  apparently  the  covering  of  a  casket. 
H.  0-05  (approx.).  Katydata-Linu  (v.  p.  4). 

3871.  Plate  of  gold-plated  bronze  :  fragmentary.  [?=7aOTa.rjo.s-,  A  17 
(MS.  Inv.).] 

Iron  objects. 
3901-3906.   Iron  knives.       3902.    L.  0-25.    Poli,  75,  II.       3905.  L. 

0-25.     Poll,  7,  I. 
3911-3913.  Double-edged  sword-blades.  3911-3912.  L.o-255.  Tamassos. 

3913.  L.  0-175.     Po^i^  26,  I. 
3921-3922.  Spear-heads.     3921.  L.  0-285.   Tamassos.      3922.  L.  o-i8. 

Amathus. 
3924.    Arrow-heads  :  a  bundle  {xoxo-Poli,  *26, 1.     Cf.  Cesn.  Sal.  PI.  v.  9. 
3926  ff.    Long    cylindrical    spits.     (Dupl.    at    Cambr.,    Fitzw.    Mus.) 

L.  0-455.  Tamassos. 

3930.  Fire-rake.     KBH.  ccxiii.  5. 

3931.  Shield  boss :  pointed  like  that  from  Amathus  (Cesnola  Collection, 
N.  Y.;    KBH.  ccxiii.  5  b),  and  like  C.  M.  5542,  5567  {Kamelarga). 

Poll,  142,  II. 

3932.  Similar :  less  pointed.     Poli. 

3934.    Tweezers.     Larnaka  [Turabi),  1894,  22. 
3935  ff.   Nails  from  wooden  coffin.     Cf.  3653ff.     Poli. 
3941-3942.    Strigils.    Poli. 


I20  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

Leaden  objects. 

3961.  Oval  urn   with  flat  shoulder,  low  neck,  pointed  cover,  and   no 
handle.     Larnaka,  1894,  i. 

3962.  Similar,  with  narrower  neck,  containing  bones. 

3965-3974.    Small,  generally  cylindrical,  boxes  with  flat  covers.     3966. 

3970.    Kuklia.         3968.    Kurion,    1 886-1 887.      Cf.    Cesn.    Sal. 

PI.  vi.  13. 
3981.   Vase  handle. 

3983.  Fragment  of  a  water-pipe.     Salami's. 

3984.  Weight  (?) :  a  small  thick  circular  disc. 

3985.  Weight  (?) :  a  square  thick  plate,  damaged  by  the  pick  at  time  of 
discovery. 

3986.  IMiniature  cart-wheel  with  raised  patterns:  on  one  side  a  cart. 

Salamis  Collection. 

3987.  Lump  of  lead  in  bronze  casing,  perhaps  the  base  of  a  vase. 

3988.  Small  cylindrical  rods  of  lead,  perhaps  for  solder.  Poli. 

3989.  Mass  of  lead  apparently  run  between  stones. 

3990.  Net-sinkers.  Kuklia. 


JEWELLERY,   GEMS,   &c. 

The  collection  of  ornaments,  trinkets,  and  small  household  and  toilet 
utensils  has  suffered  more  than  any  other  part  of  the  Cyprus  Museum 
from  ignorance,  carelessness,  and  neglect.  The  majority  of  the  objects 
have  been  unpacked  into  shallow  glass-covered  boxes  without  the  least 
attempt  to  secure  them  to  any  labels  which  they  may  have  possessed  : 
moreover,  of  the  few  labels  which  survived  in  1894,  the  majority  are  copies, 
not  the  original  notes  ;  at  all  events  they  are  not  in  the  handwriting  of 
any  known  excavator  or  superintendent  of  excavations.  The  collection 
is  now  secured  by  pins  to  the  floors  of  the  cases,  and  provided  with 
reference  numbers  to  this  Catalogue.  The  specimens  from  Amathus 
are  verified  from  the  original  journal  of  excavations ;  some  of  those 
from  Poli  are  identified  by  the  drawings  which  accompany  O-R.'s 
journal  of  1886,  and  those  from  Soli  by  O-R.'s  memory  and  a  few 
memoranda. 

In  the  absence  of  indications  of  locality  or  date  the  only  resource  was 
to  arrange  the  whole  collection  according  to  types,  and  append  notes  of 
date  where  these  could  be  made  with  probability  ;  but  it  must  be 
remembered,  especially  in  dealing  with  earrings  and  finger-rings,  that 
types,  which  appear  very  early,  frequently  persist  even  into  the  Roman 
period  alongside  of  characterisdcally  later  forms,  and  also  that,  as  appears 
from  the  history  of  the  boat-shaped  earrings  of  Type  c  (Introd.  p.  34), 
and  of  the  types  h  and  e,  there  are  lacunae  even  in  the  Cypriote  series, 
though  it  is  in  most  respects  far  more  continuous  than  the  Hellenic  :  the 
^«y^c;;;z' excavations,  however,  in  1896,  have  filled  the  most  important  of 
these  lacunae  (p.  183  ff.). 

EARRINGS. 

Though  the  collection  catalogued  below  contains  a  large  majority  of 
late  and  in  every  way  unimportant  forms,  and  many  of  quite  uncertain 
date,  it  has  been  possible  to  arrange  them  in  a  type  series,  illustrative 
of  the  general  development  of  the  earring,  which  is  very  nearly,  though 
not  quite  complete.  The  classification  is  best  exhibited  in  a  tabular 
form  (cf.  Plate  VII):  — 

Earrings  all  originate  in  a  simple  ring  or  loop  of  metal,  which  may  be — 

(a)  All  in  the  same  plane :  leading  to  Derivative  Forms,  I,  II. 

(/3)  Spirally  twisted  :  leading  to  Spiral  Earrings,  III. 

(7)  Replaced  by  a  chain  :  leading  to  Chain  Earrings,  IV. 

The  following  are  the  principal  Derivative  Forms,  I,  II : 
A.  Open  at  the  top.  B.  Open  at  one  side. 


122  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

I.  The  ends  are  not  twisted  together.     Ninth-fourth  centuries.     Graeco- 
Phoenician. 

A.  a.  Both  ends  have  loops.    Fibula  Period,  ninth-seventh  centuries. 

B,  b.  One  loop  only  :    the  other  end  is  thrust  through  the  loop 

outwards  :  leading  to  II. 

B.  c.  No  loop  :  lower  part  boat-shaped,    c',  same  type  with  pendants. 

d.  Upper  end  passes  inwards  through  a  ring  inside  the  lower, 
which  ends  in  an  animal's  head. 

II.  The  ends  are  twisted  together.    Fourth  century  onwards,  Hellenistic. 

B.  e.  Hook-and-eye  fastening  derived  from  b :  various  ornaments  in 

front  of  lower  end.    e^,  same  type  with  pendants. 

A.  f.   Symmetrical,  open  at  the  top. 

A,  g.  Symmetrical :  the  ring  is  flat,  broad,  and  crescent-shaped. 

C.  h.  The  upper  end  passes  right  through  the  loop  of  the  lower, 

and  is  recurved  backwards  in  a  8-shaped  hook,  by  wliich  the 
ring  is  now  suspended :  ornament,  if  any,  on  the  lower  end 
or  front  of  the  ring. 

C.  i.  The  8-shaped  hook  becomes  (-\o-shaped  ;  the  original  loop 
disappears,  and  the  rosette-shaped  ornament  is  set  directly 
on  the  hook.  This  type  was  introduced  into  Cyprus  in 
late  fifth  or  fourth  century  from  Hellas,  and  is  the  prototype 
of  most  mediaeval  and  modern  earrings.  (C.  IM.  4892-4893.) 
j.  Pendants  are  added  to  type  i. 

III.  Spiral  earritigs :  derived  from  original  ring  with  ends  overlapping 
spirally.     Bronze  Age  to  fourth  century. 

The  spiral  earrings  (4101-4140)  are,  again,  an  independent  develop- 
ment in  another  direction  from  the  primitive  ring ;  specimens  of  which  are 
already  found  in  the  Bronze  Age  whose  two  ends  are  not  oj)posed  to 
each  other  in  the  same  plane,  but  overlap  spirally.  More  developed 
spirals  of  two  or  more  turns  are  also  found  in  Bronze  Age  tombs ;  and 
though,  like  the  boat-shaped  earrings,  they  have  not  been  noted  in  the 
earliest  Graeco-Phoenician  tombs,  they  become  common  in  the  seventh 
century,  and  magnificent  and  characteristic  in  the  sixth  and  fifth.  The 
finest  are  of  hollow  bronze,  thickly  gold-plated,  with  at  one  end  the  heads 
of  various  animals  in  embossed  gold,  frequently  enamelled  ;  and,  at  the 
other,  tail-pieces  of  embossed  and  filagree  gold  work.  Giiliin-heads  are 
the  commonest :  hyjnan  heads  do  not  seem  to  appear  before  the  fourth 
century,  when  this  class  of  ornament  suddenly  dies  out.  The  use  of 
these  spirals  has  been  disputed  :  they  always  lie  about  the  head  of  the 
corpse,  and  have  been  formerly  explained  as  contrivances  for  securing 
loose  locks  of  hair.  But  the  evidence  of  statuettes  like  C.  M.  5560 
{Kition,  Kamelarga)  and  of  a  terracotta  head  from  Limniti  in  O-R.'s 
possession  is  conclusive,  that  they  were  worn  as  earrings,  through  a  series 
of  holes  in  the  lobe  of  the  ear.  Some  of  the  spirals  catalogued  below, 
however,  are  of  more  doubtful  use  :  and  some,  such  as  4106,  may  have 
been  worn  in  loosely  constructed  necklaces. 

IV.  Chain  earrings  i'  Small  chains  with  various  ornamental  clasps, 
hung  over  the  ears. 

The  chain  earrings  (4395-4396)  might  be  taken  for  bracelets,  but  that 


JEWELLERY    OF    THE    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    AGE.  I23 

they  appear  to  be  found  by  the  head  of  the  corpse,  and  sometimes  have 
no  practicable  fastening.     They  were  probably  hung  loosely  over  the  ear. 

Original  Type. 

A  shnple  rmg  :  ends  not  welded  or  interlocked. 

4000  a-d.  M^.  Four  rude  silver  rings,  with  ends  unwelded  and  overlapping. 
Bronze  Age.     Cf.  C.  M.  61 1-6 16.     Ag.  Paraskevi. 

4001  a-c.    Hoop  slightly  thickened :    ends  meeting :    a,   b,  silver ;    c, 
bronze.     Amathus,  13.     Cf  gold  sp.  in  Cambr.,  Fitzw.  Mus. 

4002.    Similar.     Amathus,  19.  4003.  R.   Kurion. 

4004*  \   Ends  slightly  overlapping. 

Derivative  Types. 

I.    The  ends  are  not  twisted  together.     Ninth-fourth  centuries. 

A.  Symmetrical :  a.  opeji  at  the  top:  the  ends  both  end  in  loops.  Ninth- 
seventh  centuries.  Cf  an  Egyptian  glass  earring,  Turin  Museum,  No.  126, 
and  derivative  gold  types  from  Defenneh  (Daphnae). 

8003*.  K.  Thick  hoop  bound  with  wire  and  ending  in  two  loops,  which 
were  secured  in  the  ear  by  a  thread :  below  the  hoop  four  large 
gold  balls,  arranged  crosswise  =' mulberry  ornament.'  KBH. 
clxxxii.  I.     Cf  Louvre,  MN.  3174.  Tamassos. 

8004.  M.  Similar .?  (ends  missing) :  loop  for  pendant  below.  A?)ia- 
ihus,  278. 

B.  Unsymmetrical :  open  at  the  side. 

b.  The  lower  end  has  a  loop :  the  tipper  is  put  through  it  outwards. 
{■=  Prototype  0/  Class  II.)     Seventh-sixth  centuries. 

4005.  K.  Pyramids  of  small  gold  balls  below.     Kuklia. 

4006.  Decorative  collar  below. 

4007.  Ring  below  :  damaged.      Amathus,  202. 

8007.  Ring  below,  wherein  two  pendants :  (a)  cube  with  arched  cage 
above :  in  the  cage  a  pyramid  of  gold  balls ;  {b)  palmette  of  two 
thicknesses  of  embossed  gold-leaf. 

c.  No  loop :  the  riiig  swells  and  becomes  boat-shaped  below  ;  = '  Woolsack ' 
type  (Munro,  J.  H.  S.  xii.  313).     Sixth-fourth  centuries:  [_Myk.  prototype^ 

4008.  K.  Hollow:  plain.    Idalion,  26.    8008.    Tamassos.     [MS.  Inv.] 
4009  a,  b.    Claw  setting  for  a  missing  stone  :   geometrical  patterns  in 

seed-gold.     Cf.  KBH.  clxxxii.  7  ;  J.  H.  S.  xii.  313,  PI.  xv. ;  Perrot,  iii. 

fig.  303  ;  sp.  in  Louvre  {^Kurion,  1886).    a,  Kuklia.    b,  Poli,  216,  II. 
4010*.  M.  Plain.     Dali,  26. 
4011.    M.  Amathus,  130.     Cf.  KBH.  clxxxii.  6. 

4012*.  M.  Idalion.  8012  *.    Tamassos.     [MS.  Inv.] 

4013*  a-d.    M.    Nail-shaped    appendage    without   joint  :    four    pairs. 

Am.  19.    Cf.  Cesn.  Sal.  PI.  i.  28  :  J.  H.  S.  xii.  313  {Poll,  C.  E.  F.  37). 
8013.    Longitudinal  loop  for  a  pendant.     Sala7nis. 
4014*.  M.  Oriental  palmette-shaped  pendent ;  from  which  again  hang 

two  paste  beads.     Amathus,  165. 
8014  a*,  b.    Ms.  Three  transverse  loops  for  pendants.     Tamassos. 

^  *  denotes  an  original  pair.  The  numbers  8000  ff.  are  additions  rendered  necessary 
by  the  arrival  of  objects  from  Laruaka,  and  by  the  discovery  of  the  Tamassos  jewellery 
at  the  Commissioner's  office  at  Nicosia,  1894. 


124  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

d.  The  lower  end  is  much  enlarged,  and  ends  in  an  animal's  head :  on  the 
inner  side  of  this  is  a  ring,  through  which  the  upper  end  passes  inwards. 
Fourth-third  centuries. 

4015*.  N.  Goat's  head:  twisted  stem.  C^.  KBH.  cxliii.  5,  6,  clxx.xii.  9. 
4016*.  N.  Bull.     Kuklia.  4017*.    Goat's  head.     Poli. 

4018*.  Lion's  head.  Poli.  Ci.  Louvre  {Kurion,\2)^6).  8018.  Tamassos. 
4019*.  Lion's  head.  Poli,  "j,  III.  4024  a,  b.  Goat's  head,  h^  Ama- 
4020*.    Bull's  head.     Poli.  thus,  107. 

4021.  Bull's  head.     Poli.  4025.    Bull's   head:     plain    stem. 

4022.  Horned  lion's  head.  Amathus,  221. 
4023  a,  b.  Lion's  head. 

4026.  Lion  :  red  bead  inserted  behind  head,     Ainathus. 

4027.  Bull :  three  beads,  red-blue-red,  with  beaded  discs  between  each. 
4028*.   Dolphin :    three  beads,   blue-red-green,  without  discs  between. 

Cf.  KBH.  clxxxii.  8:  Cesn.  Sal.  figs.  23,  26. 

4029.  Eros  flying  :  hands  on  hips.     Poli.     KBH.  clxxxii.  15. 

4030.  M.  With  beads  like  4027  :  fragmentary. 

4031-4032.  M.  Bulls' heads.     4032.  Larnaka{Turabi),\^^^,i'].    Cf. 

Cesn.  Sal.  PI.  ii.  11. 
4033.  iE.  .?  Human  figure. 


'o"- 


IL   The  ends  interlock  {derivative  from  L  B.  b.).     Hellenistic :  fourth 

century  onwards :  all  gold. 

A.   Unsymmetrical :  e.  the  ring  increases  in  thickness  from  upper  to  lower 
end:  cf.  L  B.  d..'  various  or?ia?fients  are  affixed  outside  the  lower  end. 

4034.  Taper  twisted  hoop,  without  further  ornament. 

4035.  Very  small  disc  outside  the  thick  end,  close  to  the  fastening. 
4036-4041.  Larger  :  convex  disc.     4036-4040.  Poli.     4041.  Kuklia. 

8037.  Tamassos  [?  A.  13.     ]MS.  Inv.]. 
4042*.  Plain  stem  :  lower  end  returned  in  a  close  spiral  in  front.    Kuklia. 

e'.  Similar  earrings  with  pendants  added  below  the  ring. 

4043*.    Pendant  for  paste  bead. 

4044.  Twisted  stem  :  ball  in  front  :  pendant  for  bead. 

4045.  Twisted  stem  :  no  ball  in  front:  pendant  with  ball. 

4046.  Like  4036:  pendant  for  bead.     Amathus,  213. 
4047*.     Like  4036  :  pendant  for  bead. 

4048.    Like  4036  :  pendant  with  ball.     Amathus.  Gi. 
4049*.    Ball  in  front :  pendant  with  ball.     A?nathus,  294. 

8049*.    Green  glass  in  square  setting.     Larnaka,  1894,  7. 
4050*.    Deep  oval  setting  with  rock  crystal  en  cabochon. 
4051.    Similar  :   amethyst. 

4052*.    Similar :  }  garnet  paste  :  pendant  for  beads. 
4053.    Cylindrical  head  on  loop  in  front :  ])endant  with  similar  bead. 
4054"".    Heart-shaped  plate    in   front :    oval  amethyst   in  gold  rim  as 
pendant.     Kuklia,  Loura  tu  Kame'lu  ;  J.  H.  S.  xi.  p.  200. 

4055.  Large  flat  openwork  rosettes  in  front.     Amathus,  232. 

4056.  Very  small  disc  with  central  ball  in  front. 

4057.  Similar:  small  '  mulberry-cluster  '  below. 
4058*.    Plain  setting  for  small  gold  bead  in  front. 

8058.    Thicker  setting.     Larnaka,  1894,  45. 
4059*-4060.    Quite  plain  hoop :  unsymmetrical.     Kuklia. 


JEWELLERY    OF    THE    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    AGE.  125 

f.  Symmetrical  i^k)  :  efids  iftterlocked  at  highest  point. 

4061.  Hoop  narrow,  solid,  very  large,  circular,  and  quite  plain.     Ktiklia. 

4062.  Binding  of  gold  wire  at  lowest  point.     Kiiklia. 
4063*-4064*.     Plain,  oval,  smaller.     4064*.    Poli. 

4065.    Six  similar,  probably  a  pair  of  sets  of  three.     Amathus,  232. 

g.  Hoop  flattened  out  into  a  broad  crescent,  with  border. 
4066  a-e.    Bordtr  of  rope  pattern.     A  fna/hus,  2^2. 
4067*-4068*-4069*.    Border  of  gold  grains.       4,067*.  A mathus,  212- 

4068".  Amathus,  60.     4069*.  Amathiis,  13. 
4070*-4071*.  Plain  border.    4Q70* .  Amathus,  \t,.   4071*.  A?nathus,  2 4^. 
8071*.     Small  ball  on  front  edge.     Sala?jiis. 
8072.    Setting  for  a  bead  on  front  edge.     Larnaka,  rS94,  45. 
4072*.    No  border:   three  small  loops  on  outer  margin.     Atnathus,  13. 
4073*.    Three  small  settings  for  pastes  on  outer  surface.     Amathus,  13. 
4074*.    Alternate  paste-settings  and  gold  seeds.     Cf.  KBH.  ccxvii.  20: 
Cesn.  Sal.  fig.  19. 

h.  The  lower  end  of  the  ring  is  looped  upon  the  upper,  which  is  continued 
upwards  and  backwards  into  a  simple  hook  for  suspension  (C). 

4075.    Quite  plain. 

4076*.    Loop  of  lower  end  returned  as  spiral  binding  of  the  hoop. 

4077*.    Two  beads  (the  upper  one  cylindrical)  strung  on  front  of  lower 

end,  which  is  drawn  out  thin  to  receive  them,  with  a  collar  below. 
4078*.    Similar,  with  five  round  beads. 

4079*.  An  oval  onyx  bead  with  a  small  round  one  above  it.  Poli,Q.Y..Y. 
4080*.    Three  round  beads. 
4081.    Upper  loop  very  large  and  thickened  :  lower  small,  with  a  wire 

pendant  of  oval  bead. 

i.  The  %-shaped  loop  has  become  <x -shaped,  and  the  original  ring  has 
disappeared :  the  ornaments  are  attached  to  the  front  {lower)  end  of  the 
suspension  hook  (C).     j.  Similar,  with  pendants  added  below. 

4082*.    Convex  disc  with  ball  pendant:  cp.  4048.     Amathus,  59. 
4083*.    Deep  oval  setting  :  blue  paste.     Amathus,  224. 
4084*.    Similar  :  blue  paste. 
4085*.    Similar  :  two  light  blue  pendant  beads.     Kuklia. 

4086.  Oval  garnet  paste  £■«  rai5o^/2c« .' pendant  for  bead.      Amathus,  13. 

4087.  Oval  amethyst :  similar  stone  as  pendant.     Kuklia. 

4088.  Square  setting  :  blue  paste  :  ball  pendant.     Amathics,  59. 
4089*.    Similar  setting  :  bead  pendant. 

4090.    Similar  setting  and  pendant :  opaque  green  paste.     Kuklia. 
4091*.    Round  setting  :  emerald  paste  :  pendant.     Larnaka,  1894,45. 
4092.    Claw  mount :  pendant.     Amathus,  294. 
4093*.    Convex  disc  with  rectangular  filagree  plate  below,  from  which 

hang  three  bead-pendants.     Ainathus,  170. 
4094.  Thin  flat  rosette ;  the  hook  attached  to  its  upper  edge.  Amathus,  61. 
4095*.    Similar:  rosette  of  double  thickness  of  gold-leaf.     Amathus,  61. 

4096.  Hemispherical  boss  of  gold  leaf,  filled  with  sulphur.     Poli. 

4097.  Similar.     Larnaka,  1894,  45. 

4098.  Flower  of  six  concave  petals,  with  centre  of  opaque  bluish-green 
paste.     KBH.  clxxxii.  19.    Poli,  24,  III. 

4099.  Flower  of  twelve  flat  petals,  alternately  solid   and   perforated  : 
setting  for  paste  in  centre  :  cf.  4055. 


126  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

4100.  A  ten-leaved  roselte  in  guilloche  border  hangs  from  a  very  long 
hook  :  flying  Eros  as  pendant,  with  bandolier  of  flowers  over  right 
shoulder,  and  an  uncertain  object  in  each  hand.  KBH.  clxxxii.  21. 
Poll,  41,  II. 

III.    Spiral  Earrings. 

A.  The  ends  of  the  original  ring  overlap,  hut  not  in  the  same  plane. 

4101.  M.    Specimens  of  rude  silver-lead.     Bronze  Age.     Ag.  Paraskevi. 

4102.  A^    Large  gold-beaded  hoop.     Aviathus  (surface). 

4103  a,  b.  K.    a.  Beaded,     b.  Plain.     4104.  K.   Plain.     Kuklia. 
4105*.  N.  Similar,  smaller:  beaded  at  ends  only.     Kuklia. 

4106.  N..  A  number  of  similar,  very  small  rings,  found  in  groups.  Poli, 
Tomb  103,  I;   42,  III.     Cf.  KBH.  clxxxii.  31. 

4107.  EL.  Six  similar,  linked  together  into  a  chain  :  like  4103.  Silver. 
Poli. 

B.  The  ends  overlap  a  coinplete  half-turn,  so  as  to  form  a  helix    or 
spiral. 

4108.  Thick  solid  gold :  pl^in  ends.     Poli,  1^4,  11. 
Gold-plated  bronze  : 

4109.  Plain  ends.  4112*.    Kurion,  1886. 

4110.  Lion's    head    at    one    end,     4113*.    Poli,  C.  E.  F. 
rosette  at  the  other.     Kurion,     4114*. 

1886.  4115*.  Lion's  head  at  each  end  [cf. 

sp.  Cambr.  {Poli),  J.  H.  S.  xi. 
PI.  V.  3.] 

4111.  Kurion,  1886.  4116. 

Silver. 
4117*.    Amathus,  12'].  4122*.  [?=  7awffj.r^j,  A.  14.    MS.  Inv.] 

4118.    Plain  ends.     Poli.  4123.    A  number  of  very  small   spiral 

4119*.    Smaller.     Idalion,  26.  rings  Hke  4106.    Amathus  and  Poli. 

4120*.    Smaller,     Idalion,  26. 
4121*.    Amathus,  165. 

Bro7ize. 
4124*.    Like  4122.    Amathus,  165.     4125.  Like  4122.     Poli. 

4126.  Flat  band  similarly  coiled.     Nine  specimens  from  Idalion,  1894. 

4127.  A  number  of  very  small  rings  like  4106,  4123.     Poli. 

4128.  \^.  =  Tamassos,  c^.is^.     MS.  Inv.] 

C.  The  spiral  is  contimted  three  or  four  turns. 

Gold-plated  bronze. 

4131*.    Gryphon's  head  :  rosette  at  tail.     Poli. 

4132*.    Human  heads:  rosette  at  tail.     Poli,  Tomb  42,  III. 

4133*.    Human  heads  :  rosette  at  tail.     Poli,  Tomb  23,  III. 

Silver. 

4134.    Human  heads:  rosette  at  tail.     Amathus,  41. 
4135*.    Heads  missing.  4136*.    Plain  ends. 

Bronze. 
4137  a,  b,  c,  d,  e.    Plain  ends. 


JEWELLERY    OF    THE    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    AGE.  I27 

D.  Close  spirals  of  silver  wire,  of  uncertain  use :  perhaps  to  co?ifine 
ringlets  of  hair. 

4138.   Amathus,  ig.  4139.    Poll,  C.Y..Y.     0-015  diameter. 

4140.    0-035.  diameter.     Foli,  C.E.F. 

IV.    Chain  Earrings  ?     4394-4396.     [?.  z'.] 

RINGS   AND   SIGNETS. 

In  the  Bronze  Age,  finger-rings  and  earrings  are  not  yet  differentiated : 
except  the  engraved  gold  rings  which  were  rarely  imported  from  Meso- 
potamia (specimen  (p.  34)  from  Psemmatismeno,  0-R.  =KBH.  cli.  35) 
or  the  Mykenaean  area  {Kurion,  1895,  Brit.  Mus.). 

Finger-rings  do  not  become  common  until  the  great  silver  period  of 
the  sixth-fifth  centuries  :  thenceforward  they  are  abundant  and  of  cha- 
racteristic types  in  all  metals. 

4141-4145.   a.  Plain  hoop:  the  date  of  C.  M.  4142-4143  is  uncertain. 
4146-4150.   b.  Flat  engraved  plate,  welded  on  to  plain  hoop.     Sixth- 
fourth  centuries. 
c.  Plain  hoop  beaten  out  into  a  lozenge-shaped  plate. 
4151-4154:  4161-4182.    (a)  Plate  narrow,  richly  engraved.    Sixth-fifth 

centuries. 
4155-4160.        (^)   Plate    broad:    ornament    scratched    or    punctured. 

Hellenistic. 
4183-4189.  d.    Swivel-rings:    hoop   plain,   swollen    in  the    middle   for 

strength.     Seventhfourth  centuries. 
(a)  The  stone  is  perforated,  and  turns  on  a  wire  between 

the  ends  of  the  hoop. 
(/3)    The   stone   is   unperforated,    and    turns   on   pivots 
working  in  the  ends  of  its  mounting. 
4190-4200.    e.    Bezel  swivel-shaped,  but  fixed  :    edges  of  mount  often 

ornamented    with    filagree    work.      Fifth -fourth 
centuries. 
f.    Hoop  hollow :    bezel  large  and  deep.     Hellenistic  and 
Roman. 
4201-4208.        (a)  Bezel  distinct. 

4209-4217.        (/3)  No  distinct  bezel:   the  stone  is  set  directly  into  the 

enlarged  front  of  the  hollow  hoop. 

a.   Plain  hoop. 

4141.  Gold.     Poll,  133, 11. 

4142.  Similar. 

4143  a-e.    Silver  :  three  similar. 

4144.  Gold  convex  band,  concave  within.     Pali,  26,  I. 

8144.  Gold  convex  band.     Tamassos. 

4145.  Silver  :  similar. 

8145.  Silver  :  similar :  flat  inside.    Kuklia. 

h.  Flat  engraved  plate,  welded  on  to  plain  hoop.     Cf.  Bibl.  Nat. 
2893  ff. 

4146.  Electron:  Egyptian  symbols.     Poli,  210,  II. 

8146.  Electron  :  lion  among  foliage.     Tamassos,  E.  A.  14. 


128  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

4147.  Gold:  two  birds  heraldically  supporting  a  tree.     Amathus,  \oi. 

4148.  Silver.     Amat/ius,  221. 

8148.    Silver.     Ta?nassos,  A.  14  (MS.  Inv.). 

4149.  Silver.     A?na/hus,  235. 

4150.  Silver:  hoop  swollen  like  that  of  a  swivel  ring.    Cf.  KBH.  clxxxii. 
40.     Poll,  244,  II. 

c.  Plain    hoop    beaten    out    into    a    lozenge  -  shaped    plate: 
generally  engraved.     Cf.  KBH.  clxxxii.  38-9. 

(a)  Plafe  narrow :  richly  engraved.     Sixth-fourth  century.     Gold. 

4151.  Sphinx  couchant.     Sixth  century,  Greek  style. 

4152.  Lion  ;  lotos  in  front.     Sixth  century.     Pali. 

4153.  Grasshopper.     Fifth-fourth  century,  Greek  style. 

4154.  Bee,  supported  by  two  birds:    cut  in  relief  within  raised  border. 
Fifth-fourth  century,  Greek  style.     Poli,  C.  E.  F. 

(3)  Plate  broad:  ornament  scratched  or  punctured.     Hellenistic. 

4155.  Plain.     Cf.  Bibl.  Nat.  2918,  2940. 

4156.  Plain:  representation  worn  out.     Poli,  210,  II. 

4157.  Plain. 

4158.  Very  small :  conventional  tree  >»>•. 

4159.  Similar.     Kuklia  Loiira  tu  \  -„  a         r  •     j  ...  j  /^  d 

r-      '/       T  TT  c     •  en  A  m  dotted  Graeco-Roman 

Aaiiielii  :     .  H.  b.  xi.  p.  200.       ,  ■- aq.    •  t       1  t..     • 

4160.  Similar.^  ^;«a//.«.,  59-  j  "^AGUJ  |      lettermg. 

Silver. 

4161.  Hoop  simply  swollen  in  front.     4162.    Similar.     Amathus,  2^2. 

4163.  Similar. 

8163.  ^"E.    Similar,  with  raised  disc  as  bezel. 

4164.  M.    Similar,  more  swollen  :    very  like  some  of  the  commoner  ear- 
rings of  Type  c.     Amathus  (surface). 

4165-4166.  Hoop  flat,  broader  and  slightly  concave  in  front.  Amathus,  13. 

4167.  Like  4151  ff.     Amathus,  4. 

4168.  Similar:  engraved:  quadruped  couchant  regardant.    /*(?/?',  239,  II. 
4169-4174.    Similar.     Poli.         8173.    Engraved.     Poli,  II.  157. 
4175.    Similar,  but  the  hoop  is  a  spiral,  the  ends  returning  above  and 

below  the  bezel.    Poli,  23,  III. 

8175.  /E.    Similar,  broken. 

4176-4181  a,  b,  c.    Similar :  the  bezel  becomes  more  and  more  flat  and 
distinct  from  the  hoop.     /E.  except  41 78-4 179,  iron.     Poli. 

8176.  Similar.     Amathus,  80. 

8177.  Similar  :  .?  engraved. 

4182.  Hollow :  outer  surface  of  bezel  flat,  inner  curved :    cp.  KBH. 
clxxxii.  34.     Poli. 

d.  Swivel   rings :    hoop    plain ;    swollen    in   the    middle   for 
strength. 

(a)   The  stone  is  perforated,  and  turns  on  a  ivire  between  the  ends  of 
the  hoop. 

(/3)  The  stone  is  unperforated,  and  turns  on  pivots  working  in  the  ends 
of  the  mounting. 

4183.  Gold  :  unmounted  scaraboid  sard  4583. 


JEWELLERY    OF   THE    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    AGE.  129 

4184.  Electron :    sard  4584,    broken   and   mounted   in   scarab-shaped 
metal  shell.     Poll,  20,  II. 

4185.  Silver  :  unmounted  sard  4585. 

4186.  Silver  :  gold-mounted  sard,  convex  in  front,  concave  behind :  sard 
4586.     Amathus,  98. 

4187.  Similar:  sard  4587.     Idalton,  26. 

4188.  Similar  :  plain  gold-mounted  sard.     Amathus,  80. 

4189.  Similar  :  plain  gold-mounted  onyx.     Amathus,  80. 

e.   Bezel   swivel-shaped,   but   fixed:    edges   of  mount    often 
ornamented  with  filagree  work. 

Gold. 

4190.  Sard  in  claw-mount.     Poli,  244,  II. 

4191.  Sard  in  plain  mount.     Cf.  Louvre  {Kurmt,  1886). 

4192.  Oblong  mount:  the  hoop  ends  in  volutes.     Poli,  21,  III. 

4193.  Oblong  mount :  cloisonne  enamel  work  outside.     Poli. 

4194.  Oblong  mount :  filagree  running  spirals :  twisted  hoop.     Poli. 

4195.  Oblong  mount :  blue  paste.     Poli,  C.  E.  F. 

Silver. 

4196.  Plain  gold  mount  with  backing :  white  paste.     Poli. 

4197.  Plain  silver  mount  for  paste.     Amathus,  285. 

4198.  Similar  :  deeper  mount.     Poli. 

4199.  Hoop  like  that  of  4192.     Poli. 

4200.  Large  deep  mounting  with  red  paste.     Poli. 

f.   Hoop  hollow  ;  bezel  large  and  deep.     Late  Hellenistic. 

(<i)  Distinct  bezel.     Gold. 

4201.  Oval  blue  paste.     Amathus,  100. 

4202.  Large  flat  oval  chalcedony. 

4203.  Convex  engraved  sard  4603. 

4204.  Very  deep  bezel  with  mouldings :  stone  missing.     Kuklia. 

4205.  Deep  bezel  :  convex  engraved  sard  4605.     Amathus,  221. 

4206.  Deep  bezel :  plain  :  stone  missing. 

Silver. 

4207.  Deep  bezel  with  moulding  :  stone  missing.     Arnathus,  221. 

4208.  Plain  bezel:  stone  missing.     Poli,  41,  II. 

8208.  M.   Very  large  bezel.    \i—Tamassos,  II.  2.     MS.  Inv.] 

O)  No  distinct  bezel:  the  stone  is  set  directly  into  the  enlarged  front  of 
the  holloiv  hoop.     Late  Hellenistic.      Gold. 

4209.  Engraved  sard  4609.     Amathus,  213. 

4210.  Engraved  sard  4610.     Amathus,  59. 

4211.  Engraved  sard  461 1.     Amathus,  59. 

4212.  Engraved  sard  4612.     Amathus,  202. 

4213.  Engraved  sard  4613.     Tamassos  ?. 

4214.  Oval  carbuncle?     Poli,  24,  III. 

4215.  Oval  carbuncle  ?    Poli.  4216.    Square  setting  for  paste. 
4217.    Round  setting  for  paste.     Larnaka  {Turabi\  1894,  45. 

K 


130  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 


BRACELETS. 


From  the  Bronze  Age  only  one  pair  is  known  of  gold  (Inlrod.  p.  33). 
Silver  and  bronze  bracelets  occur  rarely  in  the  Bronze  Age  and  in  the 
Fibula  Period,  and  become  common  in  the  sixth-fourth  centuries.  The 
very  fine  examples  of  gold-plated  bronze  (cf.  the  spiral  earrings  4109- 
41 16)  belong  to  the  fifth  century.  Throughout,  bracelets  are  not  to  be 
distinguished,  except  by  their  size,  from  armlets,  anklets,  and  torques  ; 
and  all  are  here  catalogued  together.    For  type  a,  cf.  C.  M.  5641  [Idalton). 

a.  The  two  ends  do  not  meet,  but  end  in  heads. 

4250.  (a)  Solid  gold :  ending  in  dogs'  heads.     }  Kuklia. 

4251.  Hollow  gold-plated  bronze :  animals'  heads:  cf.  Perrot,  iii,  fig.  320; 
Cesn.,  Cyprus,  p.  311.     J.  H.  S.  xi.  PI.  v.  i  {Pali).     Kurion,  1886. 

4252*.    Hollow  gold-plated  bronze  :  smaller.     Amathus,  \oo. 

4253*.  Hollow  gold-plated  bronze:  rams' heads:  hoop  elaborately  twisted: 

Kun'oji,  1886.     Cf.  Brit.  Mus.  96/2/1/141-2,  Kurion,  1895. 
4254*-4255*-4256*.  Hollow  silver:  plain  :  rams'  heads  gilded.     4254*. 

Amalhus,  91.         4255*.  Amalhus,  127.         4256*.  Atnathus,  80. 
4257.    Heads  missing.     Poli. 
4258  a,  b.    Knobs  instead  of  heads.     Poli. 
4259.    Solid  silver :  snakes'  heads;   details  engraved  :    cf.  several  pairs 

from  Amalhus  (1894,  Brit.  Mus.),  Kurion  (1895,  Brit.  Mus.). 
8259.    Bronze:  massive:  plain  ends.     Larjtaka  {Turabi),  1894,  41. 

b.  The  ends  overlap.     Cf.  Louvre,  Heuzey,  T-C.  (old  No.  166). 

4260*-4262.    Solid  silver:    snakes'  heads.  4260*.    Amalhus,   91. 

4261-4262.    Kurion,  1886.  8261.     Plain. 

4263*.    Bronze:  snakes'  heads.    Poli  (C.  E.  F.),  INI.  i. 

8263*.    Salamis. 
4264  a*,  b.    Smaller.     Amalhus,  58. 

8264.  Tamassos,  A.  11  or  13  (spp.  from  only  these  two  tombs,  in 
Tamassos,  C.  M.  inventory). 

4265-4267*.    Plain  ends.     Amalhus,  202. 

8265.  Tamassos  [A.  11  or  13.     MS.  Inv.]. 
4266-4268-4269.    Plain  ends.     Idalion,  45. 

c.  The  overlapping  ends  slide  over  each  other  in  guide-rings. 

4270.    Bronze:  plain.     A.  Cesnola,  1878. 

d.  Broad  flat  spiral  band,  with  mouldings  outside. 
4271-4272*.   Silver.      4271.   Poli.       4272*.    Tamassos,  §  5  (MS.  Inv.). 

4276.    Fragments  of  twisted  silver  bracelet. 

4:217.    Similar :  bronze. 

4280.    Plain  ring,  soldered.     Larnaka  {Turabi),  1894,  54. 

FRONTLETS. 

These  derive  from  Mykenaean  prototypes  \  and  begin  in  the  Fibula 
Period,  ninth-seventh  centuries:  (i)  at  first  only  of  silver  with  rosette 
ornaments,   which  betray  Mykenaean  influence;  (2)  then  of  gold   and 

*  These  have  been  found  abundantly,  of  gold,  at  Salamis,  1 896.     Brit.  Mus. 


JEWELLERY   OF    THE    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    AGE,  131 

silver  indifferently,  with  Hellenic,  lotos,  palmette,  and  spiral  motives  : 
common  and  most  characteristic  in  sixth-fourih  centuries ;  (3)  in  the 
Hellenistic  period  silver  disappears  as  usual,  and  the  gold  work  becomes 
thin,  poor,  and  tasteless  :  embossed  ornaments  are  replaced  by  incised 
and  punctured  ornaments.  Three  collateral  types  may  be  distinguished, 
as  at  Mykenae — 

A.  Nearly  the  same  width  all  along. 

B.  Wider  in  the  middle  than  at  the  ends:  cf.  Louvre  {Mynna),  467-8. 

C.  The  lower  edge  is  straight ;  the  upper  rises  in  a  low  pediment. 

The  following  are  all  of  gold,  except  those  marked  M,  which  are  of 
silver : — 

4301-4308.    Plain.  A.    4301-4302.      (4301.  Poll)  B.  4303- 

4307.     (4303-4305.       Kurwn,  1886.      4306.    Kuklia,   Aoipa  roi 
Kafxr]\ov;   J.  H.  S.  xL  p.  200.)  C.    4308. 

4309-4315.    Geometrical  ornaments  of  dotted  lines.         A.  4309-4310. 

B.  4311.     C.  4312-4315. 
4316-4318.    Rosettes,  in  relief.       B.    4316.    Amathus,  100.      4317.  M. 

A?7iathus,  107.         4318.  M.    Amathus,  186.  8318. 

4319-4321.    Lotos  and  palmette  ornaments.         B.  4319.         C.  4320- 

4321.  8319-8321.    \)=Tamassos,\\.  e^^.     MS.  Inv.] 

Leaf-shaped  ornaments  of  thin  gold.   Fourth  century  onwards. 

4331-4333.    Oval,  leaves  with  veins  marked. 
4334-4340.    Three-pointed  leaves. 

4341.  Lozenge-shaped  :  perforated  at  the  obtuse  angles. 

4342.  A  large  number  of  similar  lozenge-shaped  leaves,  which  were 
mounted  on  a  background  to  form  a  golden  wreath.  Very  common 
in  Late  Hellenistic  tombs.  Cf  frontlet  of  type  A  with  olive-wreath 
ornament.     Louvre  {Kurion,  1886). 

Mouth-plate,  embossed,  to  tie  over  the  mouth  of  the  corpse. 

Sixth-fourth  centuries.  KBH.  cxliv.  13;  clxxxii.  33;  Hermann  (Graberf. 
v.  Marion),  fig.  19  ;  Cesn.,  Salaminia,  PL  ii.  10;  J.  H.  S.  xi.  PI.  v.  11 :  and 
below,  p.  183  ff.,  late  Mykenaean  tombs  from  Sala??iis. 

4343-4345.  G^o/fl'.        4343.  Ptf//,  26,  HL        4344.  Po/zXC.E.F.?),  cf  sp. 

in  Cambr.,  Fitzw.  Mus.        4345.  Amathus,  61  (cf  195,  Brit.  Mus.). 
4346-4349.  Silver.    Cf.  J.  H.  S.  xi.  PI.  v.  1 1  {Poli\  Ashm.        4349.  Avi., 

127*. 

NECKLACES   AND   PENDANTS. 

The  rude  silver  rings  of  the  Bronze  Age  are  occasionally  found  linked 
together  (C.  M.  616),  and  Mykenaean  gold  beads  were  found  at  Kurion 
(1895,  Brit.  Mus.);  but  regular  necklaces  of  the  precious  metals  have  not 
been  found  before  the  Graeco-Phoenician  Age,  and  are  rare  until  the  sixth 
century.  Characteristic  of  the  best  period — sixth-fourth  centuries — are  the 
necklaces  of  pendants,  probably  borrowed  from  the  Eg}'ptian  fashion, 
and  frequently  represented  on  statuettes ;  the  chains  of  alternate  gold  and 
sard,  or  gold  and  porcelain  beads ;  and  the  flat  embossed  beads  to  be 
strung  on  two  or  more  threads.  The  pendant  sphinxes,  gorgoneia,  lion- 
heads,  and  other  masks  are  of  sixth-fourth  centuries  only.     Hellenistic 

K  2 


132  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

chains  and  beads  are  easily  recognizable  by  characteristic  forms,  slighter 
material,  and  inferior  workmanship.     Cf.  Cesn.,  Salaminia,  figs.  9-12. 

In  the  Fibula  Period,  especially,  and  also  later,  glass,  paste,  and 
porcelain  beads  are  very  common.  The  buttons  or  pendants  of  gilded 
clay  wiih  metal  shanks  begin  in  the  sixth  century,  and  become  common 
in  early  Ptolemaic  tombs. 

A.    Gold  Necklaces  and  Pendants. 
4351-4353.    Chains  of  square  beads,  alternately  of  gold  and  of  porcelain. 

4351.  Blue,  green,  and  white.     Cf.  KBH.  clxxxii.  37.    Atnathus,  165. 

4352.  All  the  gold,  but  only  two  green  porcelain  beads  left.     Poll, 
23,  III. 

4353.  Two  small  beads  of  the  same  type.     Poh,  224,  II. 
4354-4357.    Chain  of  alternate  sard  and  ribbed  gold  beads :   cf  KBH. 

Ixvii.  12. 

4354.  With  amphora-shaped  pendant :  cf.  KBH.  cxliv.  4.     Ktirion. 

8353.  Three  larger  gold  beads,  and  a  sard  bead.    Tamassos,  E.  A.  14. 

8354.  Similar  sard  beads  with  cylindrical  gold  mounts  covered  with 
gold  grains  :  and  two  spindle-shaped  agaie  beads  with  gold  mounts 
cut  in  chevrons  and  similarly  granulated.     Amaihtis,  80. 

4355.  Chain  of  gold  beads  like  4353:  two  amphora-shaped  pendants. 
Amaihus,  107. 

8355.  Similar  gold  bead.     Tamassos,  E.  A.  15. 
4356-4357.   Similar  chains  with  pendant :  cf.  pendant  of  4013. 

4356.  Amathis,  107. 

4358.  Two  gold  beads,  same  shape  but  plain. 

4359.  Chains  of  spherical  beads  of  hollow  gold,  and  of  porcelain  of 
various  colours.     Poli,  variotis  tombs. 

4360.  Chain  of  small  gold  discs  perforated  at  the  edges.     A?nathus,  13. 

4361.  Similar,  smaller.    Amathus,  60. 

4362.  Gold  leaf-rosettes  :  very  fragile.     Amathus,  98. 

4363.  Gold-leaf  beads  like  two  'tear-bottles'  side  by  side.    Amaihus,  ^%. 

Pendafits. 

4364.  Gold-leaf  pear-shaped  pendants :  cf.  KBH.  ccx.  7,  and  statuettes 
C.  INI.  5659,  &c.     Poll. 

4365-4373.    Amphora-shaped  pendants.     Cf  J.  H.  S.  xi.  PI.  v.  5. 

4365.    Cloisonnd    enamels   on   shoulder :    Amathus,   98.     Cf.  KBH. 

clxxxii.  18;  Brit.  Mus.  94/11/1,  224  {Amathus),  1894. 
4366-4370.     Poll. 

4371.  Polt,  C.  E.  F. 

4372.  Dali,  26. 

4373.  Neck  perforated  after  loss  of  loop.     Poll. 

4374.  Moss-rose  bud.     KBH.  clxxxii.  23.     Poli,  142,  II. 

4374  a.    Porcelain  filling  of  a  similar  pendant  (KBH.  clxxxii.  17).     Poli. 

4375.  Bull's  head.  Poli.  KBH.  xxxiii.  23.  Cf.  C.  M.  5208:  Bibl. 
Nat.  2837,  2878. 

4376.  Tubular  pendant  hung  horizontally  :  filagree  ornament.  Sixth 
century.     KBH.  xxxiii.  16  :  cf  clxxxii.  26  and  C.  M.  4444-     Poli. 

4377.  Solid  gold  disc  with  concentric  mouldings  in  relief  Seventh- 
sixth  century  :  cf  Introd.  p.  34  ;  KBH.  ccxvii.  9.  Kuklia.  Cf.  spp. 
in  Ashm.  INIus, 

4378.  Embossed  gold  plate :  sphinx  seated  upright,  with  curled  wings 
spread  on  either  side  of  head.    KBH.  xxxiii.  21:  cf.  Perrot,  iii.  p.  31 7 


JEWELLERY    OF    THE    GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    AGE.  133 

(New  York);  J.  H.  S.  xi.  PI.  v.  7:  xii.  PI.  xv.  p.  314  (Tomb  41). 
Poll. 

4379.  Similar,  smaller.     Poli,  C.  E.  F. 

4380.  Spherical  gold  bead,  with  small  knobs.     Poli? 

4385.    Chain  of  8-shaped  links  :  ending  in  female  heads :   a  double  knot 
with  tassels  as  clasp.     Tamassos,  A.  7.     (MS.  Inv.) 

Hellenistic  chains. 

4391.  Alternate  (a)  bar-links  of  gold,  and  (/3)  lenticular  beads  of  dark 
paste  strung  on  gold  wire.     Amathtis,  213. 

4392.  Similar  :  bar-links  of  filagree  work.     Kuklia. 

4393.  Similar,  slighter :  a  spherical  bead  on  each  link,  alternately  black 
and  white  :  cf.  KBH.  ccxvii.  12.     Kuklia. 

4394-6.  'Chain  earrings '(p.  1 22):  short  gold  chains  closed  by  an  ornament. 

4394.  With  two  flat  gold  pendants  :  (a)  disc  with  circular  mouldings. 
(3)  lion's  head  embossed.     KBH.  clxxxii.  22.    Poli. 

4395.  With  convex  disc-shaped  fastening.     Amathus,  130. 

4396.  Similar.     \J  Poli.     ?  Tamassos,  A.  >j.     MS.  Inv.] 

B.  Silver  Chains  and  Pendants. 

4401.  Links  flat,  embossed  and  perforated  for  two  threads  :  silver  gilt. 
Kurion,  1886.     Cf.  Cesn.  Sal.  PI.  ii.  15,  b;  c. 

4402.  Links  similar,  but  more  elaborate  :  on  each  a  rosette  between  two 
palmettes  :  silver  gilt.     Kurion,  1886. 

4403.  Disc  with  four  similar  ornaments  in  relief,  and  group  of  two  figures 
in  centre,  probably  belonging  to  4402  as  a  pectoral.    }  Kurion,  1886. 

4404.  Set  of  pendants  like  4364  :  silver  gilt.     Kurioii,  1886. 

4405.  Square  stele  as  pendant.    Kurion,  1886. 

4406.  Cylindrical  pendant.     Kurion,  i%2>6. 

4407.  Porcelain  animal  figure  hung  by  silver  wire.     Kurion,  1886. 
4408-4409.   Two  small  corroded  pendants.     Kurion,  1886. 

4410.  Gorgoneion,  embossed.  Sixth  century  style :  cf.  KBH.  xxxiii.  17. 
Amathus,  107. 

4411.  Small  human  figure  with  right  arm  raised.     Poli,  41,  IL 

4412.  Small  flat  pendant.     Amathus,  127. 

4413.  Embossed  spherical  bead.     Amathus,  100. 

4414.  Oval  pendant  with  embossed  ornaments  :  silvered  bronze. 

4415.  Onyx  in  silver  mount :  intaglio.  Nike  advances  to  left,  holding 
palm-branch,  or  off"ering  a  wreath  :  onyx  4615.     Poli,  99,  \\. 

4416.  Onyx  bead  in  silver  mounting :  cp.  4407. 

4417.  Four  hollow  silver  beads  in  shape  of  lion  couchant :  cf.  KBH. 
Ixvii.  13. 

C.  Bronze  Pendants. 

4431.    Hemispherical  bell.     Salamis  Collection. 
4432-4434.    Heart-shaped  pendant :  bust  of  human  figure. 

4435.  Byzantine  cross  (probably  that  found  at  Voni,  1883.  Chron. 
Exc.  S.V.). 

D.  Stone  Pendants  and  Trinkets:    cf  Glass  and  Paste,  4921  ff., 
p.  106. 

4436.  Hawk  cut  in  sard:  the  head  has  been  broken  and  mended  in 
antiquity,  but  is  now  lost :  suspended  by  a  loop  behind  from  a  gold 
wire.     Tamassos,  A.  15. 


134  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

4437.  Dog  cut  in  sard. 

4438.  Fish   in   black  paste.      Cf.  glass-paste  dolphin  {Poli),  Cambr., 
Fitzw.  Mus, 

4439.  Three  amphora-shaped  pendants  of  greenstone.     Tamassos. 

4440.  Plain  drop-shaped  pendant  of  onyx.     Poli,  24,  III. 
4441-4443.    Gilded  clay  pendant-beads,  strung  on  wire.     Amalhus,  107. 

Cf.  Poli  (M.  69) ;  J.  H.  S.  xii.  p.  324. 
4444.    Pendant-bead  of  black  steatite :  cylindrical,  with  incised  network 

of  lines :    hole  above  for  suspension  horizontally.     Eighth-seventh 

centuries. 
E.   Beads  of  Hard  Stones,  Glass,  and  Paste. 
4451  a-e.    Flat  crescent-shaped  beads  of  sard.     Amalhus,  9)0. 

4452.  Long  bead  of  rock  crystal:  three  convex  sides.     Amathus,  80. 

4453.  Almond-shaped:  similar.    Cf.  sub-Mykenaean  type.   Amaihus,\^. 

4454.  Necklaceof  sard,  silver,  and  variegated  paste  beads.  Amathiis,  186. 

4455.  Necklace  of  sard  and  silver  beads.    Amathus,  161. 
4456-4468.  Sard  and  onyx  beads;  fromTomb Groups, and  Miscellaneous. 

4456-4460.  INIiscellaneous beads.     4467.    Amathus,  250. 


4461. 

Amathus, 

130. 

4468.    'Poll,  135,  II. 

4462. 

Amathus, 

58. 

4469.    Kuklia,    including    4902- 

4463. 

A  mathus, 

64. 

4903  (amber). 

4464. 

A  mathus. 

19. 

4470.    Idalion,  1894,  76. 

4465. 

Amathus, 

44. 

8470.    Larnaka,  1894,  3.     Cf. 

4466. 

A  mathus, 

235- 

Amathus,  T.  G.  100. 

4471-4479.  Bronze  Age  beads.  CfC.M.630-3  and  KBH.cU. 6, 10,13,17. 
(a)  White  gritty  porcelain  with  very  thin  and  fragile  pale  blue  glaze : 
(a)  spherical,  (/3)  spindle-shaped ;  both  are  derived  from  Egyptian 
XII  Dyn.  types.  Cf.  St.  Germain,  138 11. 
{b)  Very  small  thick  discs.  Blue  and  red,  Ag.  Paraskevi,  1894,  5. 
Red  and  white,  Tamassos. 

4496-4499.  Shells  used  as  personal  ornaments.  4496.  Tamassos, 
4497-4499.  Dentalium,  sp.  Cf.  Tridacna  shell  in  Tomb  Group, 
Amathus,  130,  p.  178;  molher-of-pearl  shell  {Pecteti),  Amathus,  91, 
p.  176;  Lar?iaka,  1894,  31-7,  p.  178.  Unio  sp.,  Amathus,  100: 
Larnaka,  1894,  38  :  Venus  sp.,  Larnaka,  1894,  31-7.  Perhaps  used 
as  strigils.     Cesn.  Sal.  p.  79. 

CYLINDERS,    SEALS,   AND    GEMS. 

I.   Bronze  Age. 
A.   Cylinders, 
(a)  Imported. 

4501.  Babylonian  cylinder  with  cuneiform  inscription  :  haematite  :  in 
original  gold  mounts.  Bezold,  Z.  f.  Keilinschr.  II.  (1885)  191-193  ; 
KBH.  Ixx.  4;  Much.  Kupferzeit^,  372.  Agia  Paraskevi.  Compare 
Tomb  Group,  Ag.  Par.  1885,  i  (P-  57)>  with  which  it  was  found. 
=  KBH.  clxxi.  14. 

4502.  Large  mounts  for  a  similar  cylinder.  Ag.  Paraskevi,  1894,  10. 
Cf.  KBH.  cxlvi.  5  B. 

(jS)  Native  Cypriote  cylinders.     All  of  steatite  except  4507,  which  may 
be  a  paste  resembling  ivory. 

'  Long,  narrow,  blue  porcelain  beads. 


CATALOGUE  OF  ENGRAVED  GEMS.  I35 

4503.  Man,  tree,  ox-head,  &c.  4507.    Geometrical  devices :   from 

4504.  Two  men,  deer,  crescent, &c.         same  tomb  as  4501.  . 

4505.  Deer  attacked  by  lion.      4508.    Device  of  oblique  lines  \\\\\ 

4506.  Lion  seated  before  tree.  • 

[4503-6 :  4508  are  the  gift  of  Mr.  Eustathios  Konstantinides.] 

B.  Island-stones  :    none  in  Cypr.  IMus.  (Introd.  p.  32). 

II.     Early  Graeco-Phoenician  Age. 

C.  Conical,  Pyramidal,  Cubical,  and  Prismatic  Seals :  steatite. 

4521.  Flat  square  seal,  perforated :  animals,  &c. 

4522.  Pyramidal  seal,  perforated,  with  oblong  face.       *  *  *    *    :  cross- 
scratched  on  one  side.  '  '  ' — ^ 

4523.  Similar  :  plain. 

4524.  Cylindrical,    transversely  perforated,  with   enlarged    face :   ?  lion 
rampant. 

4525.  Block  of  pale  green  steatite,  like  the  material  of  4521-4528. 
4526-4528.    Conical  seals. 

4529.  Coarse  porcelain  ;  with  this  device  ^^. 

4530.  Low    oblong   pyramidal    seal  :    green   porcelain  :    hieroglyphic 
inscription.     Aviathus,  251. 

D.  Scarabs. 

(a)    With  Egyptian  engravitig :   porcelain.     Cf.  Porcelain  Ornaments, 
4701  ff. 

4541.  'Ankh'  symbol  and  hieroglyphic  inscription.     Amathtis,  202. 

4542.  Thothmes  III.  (Ra.men.kepher).     Limassol?     v.  p.  175. 

4543.  Thothmes  III.      Amathus  (surface). 

4544.  Scarabaeus  within  elaborate  border.     Amathus  (surface). 

4545.  Bearded  human  figures  with  crook-topped  staff  before  two  'Tat'- 
shaped  pedestals  surmounted  by  hawks :  1  hieroglyphics  above. 

4546.  Sphinx,   wearing  crown  of  Upper  Egypt   {pshent),  and   holding 
Atikh  symbol.     Amathus,  158. 

4547.  Hieroglyphic  inscription.     Amathus,  19. 

4548.  Hieroglyphic  inscription. 

4549.  Hieroglyphic  inscription. 

4550.  Thothmes  III :  in  silver  setting.     Salamis. 

(^)    With  Cypriote  engraving :  steatite  or  imitatio7is  of  porcelain. 

4561.  Steatite:  goat.     Amathus,  130. 

4562.  White  porcelain  in  mount  of  gold-leaf:  human  figure  holding  two 
crocodiles.  Amathus,  13.  Compare  4566  and  similar  seals  in 
British  Museum  [Amathus,  201).  Cf.  also  Mykenaean  island-stone 
from  Orvieto.  (KBH.  xxxii.  38.  Helbig,  Question  Myc^nienne,  1896, 
fig.  24.) 

4563.  Ivory  :  two  birds,  heraldically  supporting  a  tree. 

4564.  White  porcelain  :  deer. 

4565.  Bright  blue  chalky  porcelain  :  human  figure  nearly  obliterated. 
Idalion,  41. 

4566.  Similar:  human  figure  kneeling  or  running,  and  holding  two 
snakes.     Compare  4562. 


136  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

4567.    Same  material :  lenticular  bead,  perforated :  pattern  of  concentric 
circles     fr)®Q  •     Amaihiis,  158. 

4571-4575.    Blue  paste.     Salami's.     4576.   Deer :  steatite.     Salamts. 

4577.  Warrior :  steatite.     Salarnis. 

4578.  Lattice-work  :  scaraboid  :  steatite.     Salamts. 


III.   Later  Graeco-Phoenician  Age. 
(y)  Scarabs  in  hard  stone:  Oriental  styles  of  engraving. 

4581.  Assyrian  style:  bearded  human  figure  holding  spear,  seated  before 
an  incense-stand :  a  sphinx  by  his  side,  and  the  winged  disc  above : 
guilloche  border:  bloodstone.  (Figured  JHS.  xi.  p.  54,  fig.  i.  Cf. 
Lajarde,  Mithra,  Ixxxii.  3 ;  KBH.  fig.  236  and  sp.  in  De  Luynes  Coll. 
Bibl.  Nat.  242.)     Poli,  C.  E.  F.  10. 

4582.  Egyptian  style :  cow  and  suckling  calf:  background  of  stems  of 
papyrus  :  poor  work.  Clouded  red  chalcedony.  KBH.  xxxii.  29. 
Cf.  the  fine  example  of  same  motive  in  Brit.  Mus.  {Amathus,  211). 
Poli,  41,  IL 

E.    Scaraboids.     Archaic  Greek  and  Cypriote  style. 

N.  B. — Gems  mounted  in  rings  are  numbered  with  the  corresponding  unit  to  that  of 
the  ring  in  which  they  are  mounted :  e.g.  Gem  4584  is  mounted  in  Ring  4184. 

4583.  Youthful  head  to  right ;  sard,  perforated.    (Ring  4183.)  Poli,  20,  II. 

4584.  Goat  passant  regardant,  as  on  coins  of  Kelenderis:  [broken:]  back 
entirely  cased  in  chased  electrum  :  sard  scarab  (in  Ring  4184).  KBH. 
xxxii.  30. 

4585.  Nude  female  figure  crouching  and  dressing  her  hair  :  sard,  per- 
forated.    (Ring  4185.) 

4586.  Plain  mounted  sard.     (Ring  4186.) 

4587.  Lyre:  mounted  sard.     (Ring  4187.)     /dalion,  26. 

4588.  Human  footprint:  mounted  sard.  Poli,  106,  IL  Cf.  KBH. 
clxxxii.  43. 

4589.  Black  jasper.  4590.    Green  paste. 
4591-4592.    Scarab:  sard. 


IV.   Hellenistic  Age. 
F.  Plat  or  Convex  Gems,  with  later  Hellenistic  engraving. 

4601.  Bird:  oval  flat  onyx.     Ama/Aus,  2^2. 

4602.  Eros  wrestling  with  a  wingless  figure  under  a  tree  :  oval  flat  sard. 
Amathus,  262. 

4603.  Athene  Promachos :  compare  the  type  on  the  coins  of  Thessaly: 
sard.     (Ring  4203.) 

4604.  Warrior  with  spear  and  plumed  helmet  with  broad  rim,  advancing 
to  left :  convex  sard. 

4605.  Garnet  or  garnet  paste.     (Ring  4205.)     Amathus,  22\. 

4606.  Sardonyx.     ?  Soli.  4607.    Pale  onyx.     ?  Soli. 


CATALOGUE    OF    ENGRAVED    GEMS,    PORCELAIN,    ETC.       I37 

4609.  Hermes  to  right :    drapery  and   caduceus   in  right :    uncertain 
object  in  extended  left:  sard.     (Ring  4209.)    Amathus,  213. 

4610.  Demeter  to  right :  cornucopiae  in  right :  ears  of  corn  in  extended 
left:  sard.     (Ring  4210.)     Amaihus,  ^g. 

4611.  Head  to  left :  sard.     (Ring  4211.)     Amaihus,  59. 

4612.  Eros  to  left :  sard.     (Ring  4212.)     Amathus,  202. 

4615.    Nike  advances  to  left,  holding  palm  branch,  and  offering  a  wreath  (?): 
onyx  in  silver  mount.     (Pendant  4415.)     Poli,  99,  11. 


EGYPTIAN   (NAUKRATITE)   PORCELAIN   CHARMS  AND 

ORNAMENTS. 

4701-4712.    Syffibolic  Eyes  : — 

4701.  Ida/ion,  1894,  76.  4705-4706,    4708-4711.    Ama- 

4702.  Amathus,  262.  thus^  130. 

4703.  Amathus,  58.  4707.    Amathus,  27. 

4704.  Amathus,  ^"i.  4712.  ^a/;^^A7r^(Z.  Cf.  5577-5578. 
4721-4724.  Bes:  hideous  bearded  dwarf:  symbolic  of  happiness  :  guardian 

of  one  of  the  gates  of  the  low^er  world.     Cf.  Heuzey,  T-C,  p.  73. 
Head.         4721.  Blue  and  black.  Ajtiathus,  58.         4722.  Yellow 
and  black,  semicircular  disc  below.    Amathus,  28. 

Full  figure:  4723.  Amathus,  28.     4724.  Amathus,  275. 

4725.  Osiris?  infant  with  closed  hands  on  breast:  a  hawk  on  each 
shoulder  and  a  standing  figure  at  each  side  :  engraved  on  the  back, 
a  female  figure  with  disc  on  head  {Isis  ?).     Amathus,  28. 

4726-4732.  Hawk-headed  deity  with  disc  on  head.  4726.  Idalion,  42. 
4l732.  Sa/amis.  Without  disc :  4727.  Amathus,  lo"].  4728.  Ama- 
thus, 98.     4729.  Amathus,  130. 

4736-4737.    Hippopotamus-headed  deity.     Amathus,  98. 

4741-4742.  Isis  and  Osiris,  4741.  Disc  on  head.  4J]4,2.  Yellow 
paste.     Amathus,  28. 

4746.    Ram-headed  deity.     Amathus,  98. 

4750.   .''  Animal-headed  deity  (ill-moulded),  disc  on  head.     Amathus,  28. 

4751  ff.  Animals: — 

4751.  Ape.     A7nathus,  28.  4762.  Crouching   figure.      Avia- 

4752.  Ape.     Amathus,  98.  thus,  98. 

4753.  Cat.     Amathus,  262.  4763.  Uraeus.     Amathus,  158. 

4754.  Cow.     Amathus,  98.  4764.  Not  clear.     Amathus,  58. 

4755.  Cow.     Amathus,  2*j^.  4765.   ?  (yellow).     Idalion,    1894, 

4756.  Hare.     Amathus,  98.  42. 

4757.  Lion.     Amathus,  98.  4766.   Cow.       Kamelarga.       Cf. 

4758.  Lion.     Amathus,  28.  5577-8. 

4759.  Lion.     Amathus,  186.  4767-4768.  Lion.     Kurion  ? 

4760.  Ram.     Amathus,  98.  4769.    Not  clear.    A?>iathus,  309. 

4761.  Sow  and  pigs.     Inscription 
on  base.     Amathus,  158. 

4770.    Altar  (.?)  of  paste,  inlaid  with  yellow,  green,  and  blue  enamels  ; 

mother-of-pearl  backing.     (Date  and  provenance  unknown.) 
4775-4776.    Bracket-shaped  charm.     Amaihus,  98. 
4777-4778.    Spindle-shaped  charm.     Amathus,  98,  58. 
4779.    Cube  :  suspended  by  a  ring.     Amathus,  202. 


138  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

4780-4781.    Similar,   with   horizontal   lines.      Amathus,    32.       Idalion, 

1894,  76. 
4782-4785.    Coral-charms.     Tamassos. 

4783.  Flat  elaborately-pierced  discoidal  bead.     Amathus,  158. 

4784.  Scarabaeus,  suspended  from  behind.     Amathus,  98. 

Hellenistic  Porcelain  and  Paste  Ornaments. 

4791.  Draped  female  figure  in  high  cap  :  greenish  porcelain  pendant. 

4792.  Hermes,  nude  :  yellow  porcelain.     Poli,  41,  II. 

4793.  Harpokrates.     Cf.  3161  ff. 

4931.  Pendant :  youthful  face  with  curly  hair.  KBH.  clxxxii.  28. 
Poh\  41,11. 

4932.  Pendant :  disc  stamped  with  a  goat. 

4933.  Paste  pendant :  in  shape  of  a  wine  amphora  (cf.  2001). 

4941.  Paste  ornament  :  flat  behind  :  reef-knot  with  tasselled  ends. 
KBH.  clxxxii.  20 ;  cf  sp.  in  Langlois  Coll.  (^Louvre,  Salle  M.). 
Poli,  41,  II. 

4942.  Paste  ornament :  hollow  behind :  capital  of  '  Composite '  order. 
KBH.  clxxxii.  27.     Poli,  41,  II. 

4945-4948.  Counters  :  very  common  in  late  Hellenistic  and  Roman 
tombs.  Cf.  Cesn.  Sal.  p.  67  ;  Newton,  Trav.  and  Discov.  i.  304  ff.  (in 
Apollo  T.  at  Kalymnos). 

4949.    Knucklebones.     Cf.  4950.     Glass. 


MISCELLANEOUS  HOUSEHOLD  AND  TOILET  ARTICLES. 

4801-4803.  Loom  rings  (sixth-fourth  centuries).  Pair  of  funnel-shaped 
rings  of  silver,  like  those  still  used  in  Cyprus  to  suspend  the  native 
loom.  Poli.  4801.  Gold-plated.  KBH.  clxxxii.  50.  Poli,  12, 
III. 

Fibulae. 

(i)   The  bow  is  symmetrical  or  7iearly  so. 
4821-4823.  Bronze.    Limassol.     4822. /^(?//,  253,  III.    4823.  Tamassos. 

(ii)   The  boiv  is  unsymmetrical :  the  hook  end  prolonged. 

4824.    Gold.     Kiiklia.     Cf  Perrot,  ii.  fig.  319  (New  York);  iii.  fig.  595; 
Dummler,  Mitth.  Ath.  xii.  p.   18  ff . ;    J.  H.  S.  viii.  p.  74,  fig.  17. 
{Assarlik  (Termera),  in  Karia) :  sp.  from  Kuklia  in  Ashm. 
4825-4839.    Bronze  :— 

4825-4829.    Kurion.  4836.  Stem  beaded.  yi;;/a//iwj,278. 

4830-4832.     Amathus,  i.  4838.   Large  knobs  on  stem. 

4833-4834.    Amathus,  2']'&.  4839.  Small  knobs  on  stem. 

4835.    Iron.     Amathus,  232. 

(iii)    The   boiu   is   bent  at  ati   angle,    on   which    is   a  knob :    the  pin 
is  bent. 

4840-2.  Fragmentary.     Cf.  Amathus,  263:  Kurion,  1895  (Brit.  Mus.). 


SILVER    PLATE.  139 

Pins  for  the  hair :  heads  variously  ornamented. 

(a)  Stiver. 

4851.   Head  shaped  like  a  Dipylon  sword-hilt :  the  shaft  a  flat  blade  with 

central  rib  :  sixth  century.    (Cf.  J.  H.  S.  xi.  pi.  v.  2.    Poli.)    AmatJms, 

221. 
4852-4855.    Spherical  head.    Cp.  sp.  Poli,  Cambr.,  sp.  Cesn.  Coll.  (N.Y.) 

No.  130. 
4857.    Gesture  charm,  thumb  between  fingers  of  closed  hand :  bronze 

shaft. 
4859.    Plain  silver  shaft. 

(/3)  Bronze. 
4861.    Head  flame-shaped. 

4863-4865.    Head  spherical.     4863.  Amathus,  300. 
4867.    Head  oval,  with  nail-shaped  appendage  beyond. 
4869.    Head  oval,  lobed.     Cf.  Perrot,  iii,  fig.  293  ;  Cesn.  Cyprus,  p.  312. 

Amaihus,  1894  (Brit.  Mus.  94/1  i/i).    Cf.  bone  pins,  4955-4971. 
4871-4897.    Vide  below  (Silver  Plate  :  Byzantine  Jewellery). 

Amber. 

4901.    Amber  ring.     Kurion. 

4902-4903.   Amber  beads.     Kuklia  (strung  with  4469).   ' 

N  B. — A.  P.  di  Cesnola,  Salaminia,  pp.  35,  39,  says  that,  in  his  experience,  amber  does 
not  occur  in  Cypriote  tombs  :  but  though  rare,  it  has  been  occasionally  found 
in  early  Graeco-Phoenician  tombs.  Cf.  sp.  from  late  Mykenaean  tomb,  Salamis, 
1896  (Tomb  Group  27,  p.  184):  St.  Germain,  15 181  (14  beads,  without  locality). 

4911.    Red  coral  ring. 

4916-4926.  Glass,  v.  p.  106.       4931-4948.  Hellenistic  Paste,  v.  p.  138. 

Objects  of  Bone  and  Ivory. 

4950.  Knucklebones.     (Cf.  4949,   Glass.) 

4951.  Round-edged  blade  with  moulded  sides  :  flamboyant  section  thus 
^^^5^^      Perhaps  a  mesA  for  net-work. 

4955-4970.    Pins.     4955-4960.  With  rings  on  turned  stem.     4961- 

4970.  Plain.     Cf  silver  pins,  4851  ff". 
4971.  Pin,  head  roughly  cut  into  figure  of  Aphrodite  ?    A.  Cesnola,  1878. 
4:972-4:91 6-4^917 .    Cylindrical  rods,  cf  Cesn.  Salaminia,  PI.  vii.  10,  13  : 

part  of  a  frame.  4976-4977.  Have  perforated  bronze  tags. 

4978-4979.    Square  boxes  :  fragmentary. 
4981  flf.    Rings  of  bone. 
4985-4988.    Cylindrical  boxes  :  fragmentary. 

4989.  Saucer. 

4990.  Stem  of  spindle-whorl.     Salami's. 
4995.   Die.     Salami's. 


SILVER  VESSELS,  &c. 

4871-4873.    Spoons.     Cf  Bibl.  Nat.  1635-7. 

4881.    Patera,  with  central  medallion  in  border  :  a  horse  to  right  embossed 
and  chased  :  very  beautiful  sixth  century  work.     Tamassos,  A.  4  ;  to 


140  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

be  published  in  'Tamassos  und  Idalion.'  This  patera  was  entire 
when  consigned  to  Nicosia  (1889):  when  rediscovered  (1894)  in  the 
Commissioner's  offices  at  Nicosia  it  was  broken  into  several  pieces. 

4883.  Bowl,  hemispherical :  solid :  it  appears  to  be  quite  plain,  but  is 
thickly  coated  with  oxide.  Ktirion.  Cf.  an  exactly  similar  example, 
Kiirion,  1895,  Brit.  I\Ius. 

4884.  Krater  [noted  formerly  by  0-R.,  but  missing  in  1894].  Kurion, 
1883. 

BYZANTINE  JEWELLERY. 

All  found  together  about  a  mile  from  Kerynia,  close  to  the  high-road 
(vide  Introduction,  s.  v.). 

4891.  Necklace  of  double  8-shaped  links,  fastened  by  a  hook-and-eye 
between  two  embossed  and  perforated  discs,  each  representing 
a  crested  bird  with  defiant  aspect,  within  a  deep  beaded  border.  On 
the  chain,  strung  from  sliding  rings,  (i)  a  slightly  elongated  cross 
with  central  disc  and  lobed  arms,  of  the  same  style  but  filled  with 
foliage  ;  (2)  a  pair  of  flame-shaped  pendants,  of  the  same  style ; 
(3)  a  pair  of  six-sided  tubular  beads,  with  beaded  ends,  strung 
between  (i)  and  (2)  to  keep  them  apart.  Solid  gold  throughout. 
For  the  style,  cf.  a  smaller  necklace,  with  many  pendants,  in  Brit.  Mus. 

4892-4893.  Pair  of  earrings.  The  ring  itself  is  of  type  h,  p.  122,  with 
loop  below,  in  which  is  hung  a  flat  pear-shaped  pendant :  (i)  in  the 
centre  a  flat  oval  amethyst,  longitudinally  perforated  and  suspended 
vertically  on  a  wire  within  (2)  a  pear-shaped  frame  of  two  beaded 
rims  separated  by  four  perforated  rays,  between  which  lies  (3)  a  loop 
of  small  pearls  strung  on  a  wire  which  passes  through  loops.  Solid 
gold  throughout.  Cf.  Brit.  INIus.  56/12/23,  1746,  Barbetti  Coll. 
Sardinia. 

4894-4895.  Pair  of  bracelets,  hollow  but  massive,  of  flattened  oval  form, 
swollen  in  front,  and  with  the  ends  joined  under  a  narrow  ferula 
behind.     Gold. 

4896.  Finger  ring  :  a  flat  gold  band  of  chased  work  like  the  ornaments 
of  4891 :  Byzantine  palmette-scroll  motive.     Gold. 

4897.  Finger  ring  with  bezel :  flat  plain  hoop,  to  which  a  flat  circular 
plate  is  soldered  in  front.  Solid  gold.  On  the  face  of  the  plate  is 
engraved  a  representation  of  the  Annunciation  :  Gabriel  to  right, 
with  left  raised :  B.  V.  Mary  to  left :  both  standing,  with  halos  : 
between  the  heads  a  lobed  cross,  like  that  of  4891  :  ?  intended  for 
the  Dove :  large  exergue  below,  with  pair  of  volutes  with  foliage. 
The  design  is  enriched  with  transparent  niello :  red,  blue,  and  green. 

4435.    The  Byzantine  bronze  cross  from  Voni  (?),  p.  148. 


SPECIAL    COLLECTIONS    FROM   VARIOUS 

SITES 

The  collections  of  votive  offerings  from  a  number  of  sanctuaries  have 
been  so  far  preserved  together  in  the  Cyprus  Museum,  that  it  has  been 
possible  to  describe  the  objects  which  compose  them  in  their  original 
connexions.  As  in  the  General  Collection  of  Terracottas,  the  objects  are 
grouped  according  to  types  and  motives,  and  the  successive  native  styles 
and  foreign  influences  are  indicated  within  each  type.  The  character  of 
the  cult  and  the  ritual  of  each  sanctuary  may  be  determined  with  some 
certainty  from  the  characteristic  attitudes  and  attributes  of  the  acolytes 
and  votaries  :  but  as  votive  off"erings  seem  to  have  been  made  wholesale 
in  Cyprus  at  certain  centres,  it  occasionally  happened  that  a  pilgrim 
brought  from  his  home  an  incongruous  offering,  but  dedicated  it  never- 
theless, e.g.  5140-1,  female  figures  at  Voni ;  5347,  a  warrior  at  Khytroi\ 
5485,  a  male  head  at  Soloi. 

I.   VONI. 

The  Sanctuary  of  Apollo  at  Voni  lies  by  the  side  of  the  stream  at 
the  west  end  of  the  village,  and  about  a  mile  and  a  half  from  the  site  of 
Khytroi.  Surreptitious  digging  before  1883  had  done  much  to  confuse 
the  site,  but  the  ground-plan  has  been  made  out  with  some  certainty. 
The  walls,  in  which  many  of  the  statues  and  inscriptions  were  found 
built  up,  are  not  (as  was  at  first  supposed  on  the  evidence  of  a  bronze 
coin  of  Andronikos  IV.  Palaeologos :  IMitth.  Ath.  ix.  127  ff.)  the  remains 
of  a  Christian  church,  but  rather,  as  excavations  at  Akhna,  Dali,  and 
Frangissa  have  shown  in  similar  sanctuaries  (v.  KBH.  pp.  1-28,  iv-viii), 
represent  reconstructions  of  the  enclosing  walls  of  the  temenos  in  late 
Hellenistic  times,  when  obsolete  or  dilapidated  dedications  were  swept 
away  and  used  as  building  materials.  The  walls  in  question  enclose  what 
was  probably  the  Court  of  Burnt-Offering,  which  communicated  with 
another  larger  open  court,  in  which  the  votive  statues  were  erected  : 
Ground- plan,  KBH.  v:  cf.  iv-ix,  Akhna,  Dali,  Frangissa,  Kuklia  (Paphos). 

All  the  statues  excavated  were  male  figures,  and  of  stone,  except  one 
female  terracotta  (No.  5 141)  and  one  small  female  figure  in  stone  (5140). 
Again,  with  three  exceptions,  the  figures  are  youthful  and  beardless,  and 
seem  to  represent — (i)  The  priest  or  the  worshipper  with  lustral  sprays  of 
leaves,  incense-boxes  (pyxides),  offerings,  and  double  flutes ;  sometimes 
perhaps  idealized  in  the  likeness  of  the  deity;  but  often  in  the  later 
examples  certainly  intended  as  portraits.  (2)  The  deity  himself,  with 
various  attributes;  eagle,  Nike,  fawn,  &c.  He  is  identified  as  Apollo  by 
the  inscriptions  5143-5145,  but  the  attributes  are  those  of  Zeus,  indicating 
that  Apollo  is  here  specially  Clio's  npo(f>r)TT]s :  the  lustral  spray  marks  him 
as  Kadapa-iot.  (3)  '  Temple-boys'  (vewKopoi),  with  dove  or  duck  as  attribute, 
such  as  are  found  in  many  Cypriote  sanctuaries  :  cf.  3153  and  KBH.  xcii ; 
in  one  case,  5053,  a  '  Temple-boy '  is  associated  with  the  deity  himself;  he 


142  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

ma}'  perhaps  represent  an  associated  cult  analogous  to  that  of  Adonis, 
which  is  strictly  appropriate  to  the  Aphrodite  (Astarte)  cult.  (4)  Herakles  : 
or  Apollo  with  aiiributes  of  Herakles,  5136  ff.  (5)  The  Oriental  Nature- 
Goddess;  here  identified  as  Artemis  by  the  inscription  5156.  (6)  The 
satyric  terms,  5 153-5 154  ;  and  (7)  the  Sphinx,  5156,  may  be  accidental 
and  informal  dedications,  such  as  are  occasionally  found  on  many  sites 
among  the  orthodox  oflferings :  cf.  6163-4,  6168,  Tamassos.  The 
Sphinx  here  also  may  be  an  oracular  attribute  of  Apollo. 

Votaries  playing  the  double  flute. 

5001.  Egyptian  influence  prominent.  Male  figure  with  Egyptian  head- 
dress completely  concealing  the  hair,  but  leaving  exposed  the 
enormous  ears :  a  foldless  chiton  conceals  all  the  contours  of  the 
figure,  and  extends  to  the  feet,  which  are  bare  :  the  double  flute  is 
held  in  both  hands  close  in  front  of  the  breast,  and  is  played  through 
a  (f)op^(ia,  which,  as  also  the  broad  hems  of  the  chiton,  is  coloured 
red  :  back  flat.  H.  039  m.  Figured  KBH.  xlii.  6  ;  Mitth.  Ath.  ix, 
p.  131,  fig.  2. 

5002.  Archaic  Greek  influence  prominent.  Male  figure  enveloped  in 
himation,  of  which  only  the  hem  is  indicated,  passing  from  left 
shoulder  across  the  front  and  disappearing  behind  the  knee :  feet 
shod,  left  foot  slightly  advanced :  head  bare :  hair  of  the  beard 
indicated  by  rough  chiselling :  eyes  prominent :  double  flute  held  as 
before;  but  no  trace  of  (^op/Seta  :  hem  of  himation  coloured  red  :  face 
damaged,  and  middle  part  of  flute  missing.   H.  0-20  m.   KBH.  xlii.  2. 

Votaries  without  attributes. 

5003.  I\Iale  beardless  figure  in  peaked  cap  concealing  the  hair  and 
falling  on  neck  behind,  and  close-fitting  foldless  chiton  from  neck 
to  bare  feet ;  body  very  long,  narrow,  and  flat,  in  proportion  to  the 
head :  archaic  Cypriote  features  of  slightly  Egyptian  cast :  both 
hands  pressed  to  the  thighs,  palms  inwards.  H.  0-771  m.  KBH. 
xli.  5 ;  Mitth.  Ath.  ix.  PI.  iv.  i.    Cf.  5282,  Khytroi,  for  the  costume. 

5004.  Similar :  chiton  somewhat  looser  :  left  arm  as  above,  right  slung 
in  a  fold  of  the  drapery,  which  is  not  otherwise  indicated  :  back 
flat.     H.  0-469  m.     KBH.  xli.  6;  Mitth.  p.  130,  fig.  i. 

5005.  Head  of  similar  figure,  half  life-size :  archaic  Greek  influence 
more  distinct  on  this  larger  scale.     H.  0-215  m. 

5006.  Young  male  head  of  half  life-size  :  hair  pressed  down  tightly  by 
a  narrow  fillet,  and  ending  in  one  row  of  simple  curls  :  face  rather 
flat  (the  nose  is  damaged),  cheek-bones  prominent,  eyes  very  long 
and  narrow,  lips  very  thin  and  straight,  the  upper  drawn  a  little 
down  over  the  lower  at  the  corners.  Archaic  Greek  work,  unusually 
pure  for  Cyprus.  Cf.  Introduction,  p.  30.  H.  0-177  m.  KBH. 
ccxv.  2  a;  cf.  xiii.  3  {Idalion,  1885). 

6007.  Similar  head,  smaller  and  finer  work  :  the  inner  corners  of  the 
eyes  are  drawn  downwards,  especially  that  of  the  left :  the  nose  is 
narrow,  and  the  mouth  small,  with  thin  lips :  the  cheeks  are  cut  very 
far  away  under  the  eyes,  so  that  the  cheek-bones  appear  somewhat 
prominent :  hair  as  in  5006,  but  confined  by  a  wreath  of  bay,  and 
ending  in  hvo  rows  of  curls  :  the  nose  is  damaged,  and  the  back  of 
the  head  is  missing.     H.  0-142  m. 

5008.    Like  5004,  but  the  outlines  of  the  himation  are  all  indicated  in 


SPECIAL    COLLECTION    FROM    VONI.  143 

outline  over  the  chiton  :  hair  as  in  5006,  but  more  roughly  and 
prominently  cut,  ends  not  curled  :  the  lines  of  the  head  show  far 
clearer  traces  of  archaic  Greek  influence  than  those  of  the  bodv, 
which  retains  a  slight  Egyptian  impression  :  the  face  wears  a  strong 
'  archaic  smile ' :  taenia,  lips,  and  hem  of  drapery  painted  red. 
H.  0-609  m.  KBH.  xli.  4  ;  Mitth.,  PI.  iv.  2. 
5000.  Head,  legs  from  middle  of  thigh,  right  arm,  and  left  hand  broken : 
the  chiton  is  not  indicated :  the  himation  leaves  the  right  shoulder 
and  breast  free,  and  is  drawn  closely  round  the  body  so  as  to  show 
the  contours,  its  folds  being  indicated  by  very  shallow  angular 
cutting  and  the  top  hem  by  a  raised  band ;  the  border  falls  per- 
pendicularly from  the  left  shoulder  down  the  front  of  the  body  and 
between  the  legs :  left  leg  slightly  advanced  :  the  left  arm  is  tightly 
draped  to  the  elbow.  The  arms  are  both  pressed  to  the  hips,  but 
stand  clear  from  the  waist :  the  right  hand  held  a  palm  branch ; 
the  left,  by  a  handle,  a  small  square  tablet,  on  which  is  a  dedication 
in  four  lines  of  retrograde  Cypriote  characters : — 


me  ?  -  a  -  ka  -  li  -  ki  r  t  X  X  i  <  a  ? 

Se  •  ta  •  Se  •  e  •  ti  •  ka  Karea-Taa-e 

ke  •  si  •  ta  •  Sa  •  O  6    'S.raa- 1  k- 

se  •  o  •  te  •  re  per eo s  (st'c) 

Gillikas  is  known  as  a  Carthaginian  name  (Pape,  Worterb.  d.  Gr. 
Eigennamen,  Pol.  36.  i.  Cf.  Collitz.  (Deecke)  Gr.  Dialekt-Inschr. 
No.  29  (from  Drimu  : — TiWiKafos  rw  MapaKaa  rjfxl),  and  No.  120  (from 
Pyla : — TiKKUas  OvaaifxaXa) ;  also  CM.  6221  Foh:  =  R.  Meister, 
No.  25  b.  The  inscription  has  been  published  by  D.  Pierides,  The 
Cyprus  IMuseum  (Larnaka,  1883):  R.  Meister,  Die  Geschichte 
Dialekte  II,  p.  169,  No.  14  c. 

The  archaic  appearance  of  the  statue  at  first  sight  recalls  the  early 
nude  Apollo  statues  of  Boeotia,  and  it  is  curious  that  the  chest  is  abnor- 
mally flattened  and  depressed  like  that  of  the  Apollo  of  Orchomenos 
(Athens,  National  Museum,  No.  9).     H.  1-04  m.     KBH.  xlii.  8. 

5010.  Young  male  figure  with  both  arms  by  sides,  hands  closed  and 
slightly  thrown  forward :  wearing  close-fitting  chiton  and  sleeves  to 
the  elbow,  and  himation  which  hangs  from  the  left  shoulder,  leav- 
ing the  right  shoulder  and  breast  free,  and  envelops  the  lower  part  of 
the  figure  :  the  broad  border  falls  stiffly  down  the  front  of  the  body : 
left  leg  advanced :  feet  and  lower  part  of  legs  missing  :  the  head 
is  large  for  the  body,  and  shows  strong  archaic  Greek  influence :  the 
hair  is  roughly  chiselled  behind,  and  is  confined  by  a  wreath  of  bay, 
with  three  rows  of  small  curls  in  front :  strong  '  archaic  smile,'  but 
the  mouth  is  cut  away.     H.  0-655  m.     Mitth.  p.  131,  fig.  3. 

5011.  Similar  :  left  hand  grasps  an  uncertain  object  broken  away  in 
front,  right  hand  missing  :  shoes  painted  red :  the  border  of  the 
himation  resolves  itself  into  a  cluster  of  folds  :  back  only  rough- 
hewn,  except  mass  of  hair  on  back  of  neck.     H.  0-305  m. 

Bearded  Votaries. 

5012.  Bearded  male  figure,  crowned  with  bay :  the  hair  and  beard  are 
arranged  in  formal  ringlets,  but  with  some  freedom  of  detail :  eyes 
turned  down  at  the  inner  corners  :  strong  '  archaic  smile  ' :    drapery 


144  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

very  poorly  treated :    right  knee  advanced :    right  hand  and  lower 

part  of  legs  missing.     H.  149  m. 
6013.    Bearded  head,  life-size,  like  5012,  broken  behind,  and  upper  part 

of  face  gone  :  lips  thin :   hair  in  heavy  curls  rather  stiffly  cut,  but 

more  free  than  5012. 
5013  a.    Similar  figure  :   head  and  right  arm  missing. 

5014.  Torso ;  chiton  of  ribbed  material,  showing  beneath  himation  with 
many  formal  folds  :  style  hard  and  dry.     H.  1-153  m. 

5015.  Lower  part  of  body  only :  flat  in  front  and  behind :  drapery 
indicated  by  mere  grooves.     H.  0-40  m. 

5016.  Torso ;  poor  work :  rather  slender  waist  and  broad  chest. 
H.  0-562  m. 

5017.  Bearded  head,  more  than  life-size :  strongly  archaic  features : 
hair  in  broad  bands  from  front  to  back ;  turned  up  in  thick  masses 
on  the  back  of  the  neck ;  confined  in  front  by  a  broad  stephane  with 
rosettes ;  and  ending  in  two  rows  of  formal  curls  :  the  beard  is  only 
indicated  by  an  enlargement  of  the  lower  part  of  the  face,  below  a 
line  from  before  the  ear  to  below  the  lower  lip  :  this  area  is  left  smooth, 
and  may  either  have  been  coloured,  or  may  have  had  a  separate 
piece  attached  to  it:  but  there  are  no  cramp-holes.     H.  0-294  m. 

5018.  Small  bearded  head,  coarsely  blocked  out :  hair  drawn  down  under 
olive  or  bay  wreath  :  two  rows  of  curls  in  front :  eyes  large, 
prominent,  and  flat :  high  cheek-bones  :  mouth  tightly  closed,  with 
*  archaic  smile ' :  broad  pointed  beard,  very  conventionally  treated, 
after  Assyrian  fashion,  with  thin  drooping  moustache  over  it :  left 
side  broken  away.     H.  o-iom. 

Votaries  holding  dove  and  pyxis. 

5019.  Torso:  flat  back  and  front,  unworked  behind:  both  arms  hang 
down  by  the  sides  :  hands  slightly  thrown  forward;  left  holds  a  dove 
by  the  wings,  right  a  small  pyxis  :  chiton  with  waist-band,  below 
a  loose  himation  thrown  over  the  shoulders  and  open  in  front : 
broad  red  border  down  left  side,  folds  indicated  by  shallow  grooves. 
H.  o-37m.     KBH.  xH.  7. 

5020.  Similar  flat  torso :  chiton  of  ribbed  texture :  himation  like  5009, 
but  the  perpendicular  border  falls  inside  the  cross  folds.  H.  0-375  m. 

5021.  Rounder  figure  with  head,  showing  fully  developed  Greek  influence  : 
hair  in  row  of  curls,  under  wreath  or  low  polos :  top  of  head  flat : 
the  left  arm  is  extended  from  the  elbow,  and  the  dove  is  held  in  the 
hand  :  drapery  like  5020,  but  better  work  :  chiton  falls  to  the  shod 
feet  below  the  himation,  as  in  5014.     H.  0-48  m. 

5022.  Similar,  but  eyes  prominent :  flat  hair  under  wreath :  chiton  of 
crinkled  material  :  red  lips,  borders  of  himation,  and  stripes  on 
sleeves  of  chiton :  hair  drawn  forward  under  wreath.  H.  0-355  m. 
KBH.  xli.  I  ;  Mitth.,  PI.  iv.  4. 

5023.  Similar :  red-bordered  chiton  of  crinkled  material  with  arm-holes 
at  level  of  elbows :  no  himation.  H.  0-47  m.  KBH.  xli.  3  ;  Mitth., 
PI.  iv.  3. 

5024.  Similar :  rather  flat  shape  and  poor  work :  right  hand  raised, 
palm  outwards,  in  front  of  shoulder :  lower  part  missing  :  red  border. 
H.  0-375  ni- 

6025.  Torso:  dove  held  by  wings,  and  pyxis  in  left  hand:  right  holds 
a  spray  of  leaves,  to  sprinkle  lustral  water  :  drapery  rather  more 
advanced  :  fragmentary.     H.  0-34  m. 


SPECIAL    COLLECTION    FROM    VONI.  145 

5026.  Similar  :  head  and  riglit  arm  missing.     H.  0-89  m. 

5027.  Similar  :  the  left  arm  is  bent  at  the  elbow,  and  holds  the  bird  in 
the  hand  against  the  body  :  right  holds  a  spray  of  leaves  downwards  : 
drapery  more  like  Hellenistic  types.     H.  0-305  m. 

5028.  Rather  flat  and  poor  work :  face  rather  short  and  broad,  like  late 
Hellenistic  work.     H.  0-442  m. 

5029.  Torso,  similar.     H.  o-i8m. 

5030.  Torso,  similar :  later  and  better  work  :  left  knee  slightly  advanced. 
H.  0-38  m. 

5031.  Small,  similar :  drapery  confused,  and  coarsely  executed.  H. 
0-194  m. 

Votaries  holding  a  branch,  generally  upwards,  in  left  hand : 
right  hand  hangs  down  and  holds  pyxis. 

5032.  Flat  shape  :  drapery  indicated  by  shallow  grooves :  elaborate  red 
painted  border  round  neck  and  down  sleeve  of  chiton,  and  double 
border  on  himation:  head  missing  and  feet  mutilated.     H.  0-487  m. 

5033.  Lower  part  of  similar  figure  :  branch  held  downw^ards :  red 
border.     H.  0-225  m. 

5034.  Complete  figure  of  flat  but  better  work  :  like  5021,  but  of  more 
slender  proportions.     H.  0-59  m.     KBH.  xlii.  7. 

5035.  Similar,  lower  part  only  :  shoes  with  thick  soles.     H.  0-165  '^• 

5036.  Like  5023:  without  himation:  shoes  like  5035.  KBH.  xli.  3; 
Mitth.,  PI.  iv.  5. 

5037.  More  than  life-size :  very  fair  Hellenistic  work :  fine,  purely 
Hellenic  head  with  curly  hair  and  slight  growth  of  hair  on  the 
cheeks :  eyes  painted  in  red :  spray  downwards  in  right  hand,  left 
holds  a  fold  of  the  himation  which  descends  from  the  right  shoulder. 
KBH.  xl.  3. 

5038.  Similar  [head  missing]  :  spray  in  right,  left  holds  fold  of  himation. 
5039-5039  a.    Similar :  smaller  :  pyxis  in  right,  spray  in  left. 

5040.  More  than  life-size  :  same  motive  as  5037,  but  the  positions  of  the 
legs  are  reversed. 

5041.  Similar :  the  name  K  APYZ  roughly  scratched  on  one  of  the  folds  of 
the  himation,  near  the  right  knee. 

5042.  Half  life-size :  left  holds  fold  of  himation  falling  from  left  shoulder : 
right  by  side  with  spray. 

5043-5044.    Torso:  similar. 

5046-5047.    Similar:  with  pyxis  in  left,    i^n  v^.  j  (pKr^^-ny,  - 

Apollo  with  various  attributes. 

(a)   Apollo  with  Eagle. 

5048.  Young  male  figure,  fully  draped,  with  luxuriant,  flowing,  and 
curling  hair  falling  behind,  and  crowned  with  bay  :  himation  in 
a  heavy  roll  round  waist :  the  right  arm  is  bare  from  the  elbow, 
and  hangs  loosely  by  the  side :  the  left  elbow  rests  on  a  round 
column  with  debased  Doric  capital :  cf.  that  of  the  Varvakeion 
Athena  at  Athens :  the  left  hand  holds  a  cylindrical  object, 
probably  a  scroll :  on  the  wrist  is  an  eagle,  which  looks  up  at  the 
figure  :   feet  broken  off  at  the  knee.     H.  1-16  m.     KBH.  xl.  1-2. 

5049.  Similar,  half  life-size  :  the  eagle  is  held  in  the  hand,  instead  of 
perching  on  it :  pilaster  instead  of  column :  head,  feet,  and  right 
arm  missing. 


146  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

(/3)  ApoUo  with  Nike. 

5050.  Similar  pose  :  right  hand  holds  palm  branch  downwards ;  left, 
resting  on  Doric  column,  holds  a  figure  of  Nike  in  flowing  double 
chiton,  left  foot  advanced  as  if  to  take  flight :  right  hand  raises 
drapery.  [Face,  feet,  and  right  arm  much  damaged ;  and  head,  left 
arm,  and  wings  of  Nike.]     H.  1-95.     KBH.  xl.  4,  5. 

(y)  Apollo  with  Fawn. 

5051.  Similar  figure  and  type  of  features  ;  Apollo,  resting  on  Doric 
column,  supports  a  fawn,  recumbent  on  the  forearm.  H.  1-98. 
KBH.  xlii.  I. 

5052.  Similar  torso:  left  hand  holding  spray  downwards.  KBH. 
xlii.  2. 

(S)  Apollo  with  '■Temple-hoy'  {Adonis?). 

5053.  Similar  figure  :  traces  of  branch  held  downwards  in  missing  right 
hand  :  by  the  left  foot  stands  a  diminutive  figure  of  a  boy  in  heavy 
himation  :  right  hand  supported  in  folds  across  breast :  left  hand 
rests  on  hip,  beneath  drapery.  [The  head  of  the  small  figure  and 
the  hands  of  the  larger  are  missing.]  H.  i-75.  KBH.  xli.  8.  Cf. 
Brit.  Mus.  (Dali). 

Similar  figures  without  distinctive  attributes. 

5054.  Colossal  statue  :  pure  Hellenistic  w^ork :  features  full  and  of 
almost  Roman  cast :  right  grasps  fold  of  drapery  falling  from  left 
shoulder  :  left  by  side,  broken :  roll  of  himation  round  waist.  Cf. 
pose  of  5996.  H.  2-235  m.,  the  head  alone  0-368  m.  KBH. 
ccxv.   7. 

5055-5056.    Similar:  life-size. 

5057-5059.    Torso  :    right,  slung  in  folds  of  himation,  grasps  the  fold 

which  falls  from  left  shoulder  :  left  by  side  :  left  knee  bent. 
5058.   Torso :    right  arm  by  side,  left  raised  from  elbow  under  fold  of 

himation  :  left  knee  bent. 
5060.    Half  life-size :  left  holds  pyxis  :  right  in  folds  of  himation,  which 

then  passes  down  and  hangs  over  left  wrist. 
5061-5062.    Short:   stout:  broad  fillet  in  hair:   right  slung  in  fold  of 

himation  :  left  by  side.     5062.  Torso. 

5063.  Torso :  male  figure  (.?) :  nude  except  for  chlamys  fastened  on  left 
shoulder  and  falling  behind  :  right  arm  extended  sideways  nearly 
level  with  the  shoulder  :  weight  of  body  on  right  leg. 

5064.  Left  clasps  drapery  falling  from  left  shoulder  :  right  by  side. 

5065.  Right  raised  in  fold  of  drapery  :  left  holds  a  roll. 

5066-5072.  Standing  youthful  votaries  (cf  511 2  ff.),  with  flat  or  low- 
conical  caps,  often  with  details  in  red  paint.  Cf.  Brit.  Mus.  sp. 
holding  an  apple,  from  Dali. 

5072-5107.  Heads  of  more  and  more  Hellenistic  type  :  up  to  half  life- 
size  :  eyes,  lips,  and  hair  often  painted  red.  5089.  Seems  to  have 
followed  a  more  archaic  model. 

5108-5111.  Colossal  heads  of  similar  Hellenistic  type.  5108.  Hair  in 
large  flat  spiral  curls:  crown  of  four-petalled  flowers.  5109-5110. 
Hair  less  formal :  crown  of  long  bay  leaves  :  hair  on  cheeks.  6111. 
Wavy  hair,  similar  wreath. 


SPECIAL    COLLECTION    FROM    VONI.  I47 

Temple-boys :  flat-backed  statuettes  of  a  boy  in  short-sleeved 
chiton,  half  recumbent,  with  his  left  leg  drawn  under  him,  and 
resting  on  his  left  hand.  All  in  more  or  less  clumsy  imitation  of 
Hellenistic  work.     Cf.  the  standing  figures,  5066-5072. 

(«)  Right  hand  rests  on  left  foot. 

5112.  Traces  of  red  colour  on  lips  and  borders  of  chiton  :  red  patch  on 
breast :  ?  an  amulet. 

(3)  Right  hand  rests  on  S7nall pyxis  like  that  0/  $oig,  d^c. 

5113.  Fragmentary:  chiton  leaves  groin  exposed  :  spindle-shaped  amulet 
suspended  on  breast.     Cf.  St.  Germain  Mus.  14031  (Cesn.). 

{c)  Right  hand  holds  a  bird. 

5114-5115.    Complete :    head  crowned  with  bay :    red  colour  on  lips, 

drapery,  and  bird,  and  to  indicate  amulet. 
5116-5120.    Similar  :  more  or  less  mutilated  :  red  colour. 

{d)  Right  leg  drawn  up  and  resting  on  left  hand,  which  grasps  the  bird: 
left  rests  on  right  leg. 

5121.  Complete  :  head  crowned  with  bay  :  poor  work. 

5122.  Heads  of  boy  and  bird  missing. 

5123-5124.  {e)  The  bird,  apparently  a  duck,  is  held  on  the  left  forearm, 
and  its  beak  rests  in  the  right  hand.  As  both  these  figures  are  much 
mutilated  it  is  not  clear  whether  they  were  recumbent  or  not ;  but 
5123  has  a  head  of  the  same  type  as  the  preceding,  and  has  the 
spindle-shaped  amulet  on  the  breast.  Compare  the  standitig  '  Temple- 
bo}','  5053,  and  the  fragment  5208  [Khytroi). 

5125.  (/)  Same  attitude  as  {a) :  the  right  hand  holds  an  uncertain 
object,  perhaps  a  bunch  of  grapes,  in  front  of  the  body. 

5127.  {g)  A  very  small  statuette  of  rather  detailed  workmanship  :  same 
attitude  as  {a) :  right  arm  and  attribute  missing. 

5128.  Head  of  same  type  as  (a). 

5129-5135.  (h)  Heads  of  similar  type,  but  wearing  a  flat  cap  with 
distinct  rim  all  round.     Cf.  5066-72. 

Herakles  ? 

5136.  .Flat-backed  statuette  of  careless  work,  after  a  late  Hellenistic  model : 
nude  except  for  the  himation,  which  falls  behind  from  shoulders : 
left  hand  holds  an  object  which  perhaps  represents  a  thunderbolt : 
right  hand  rests  on  club  which  is  very  roughly  indicated  :  traces  of 
red  colour  on  drapery:  head  missing.  H.  to  shoulder,  0-20  m.  Cf. 
KBH.  xlii.  5  (Berlin  IMuseum). 

5137.  Similar  :  the  object  in  the  left  hand  is  flat  and  square.  H.  0-15  m. 
Cf.  6 1 18,  Tamassos  {Frangissa). 

5138.  Head  with  lion's  skin  over  it,  so  that  the  large  jaws  cover  the  ears 
of  the  wearer  :  careless  work.    H.  0-085  ^^^• 

5139.  Similar,  smaller,  rougher  head. 

Artemis  or  Aphrodite. 

5140.  Draped  female  figure  in  high  relief  on  convex  flat -backed 
slab :  both  hands  support  the  prominent  breasts :  sleeves  fall  in 
heavy  folds  from  the  long  wrists :    traces  of  red  on  background : 

L  2 


148  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

elaborate    necklace.      [Head   and    feet   missing.]     H.   of  existing 
parts,  0-13  m. 

5141.  Artemis  (?) :  a  moulded  Hellenistic  terracotta:  a  female  figure  in 
long  chiton,  girt  below  the  breasts,  leans  against  a  tree  on  her  right 
side  :  left  hand  rests  on  hip,  palm  outwards :  right  leg  crossed  in 
front  of  left  :  head  missing.     H.  014  m. 

Inscriptions. 

5142.  Large  base.     KAPYS  ONAZAPOPA 

5143.  Base  with  two  sockets.     KAPYOZ  AnOAA[nNI] 

YOEP   ONASIAPOY  ArAGAITYXAl 

5144.  Inscription.         NIKOAHMOZ    YIOI    KAPYOZ    AnOAAHNI 

ZIA////  EYIXHN 

5145.  Square  base  with  rough  torus  cornice  : — 

AH  //AA\y  NOCIEpL  'A^dJXXcoro?  Up6[i> 

5146.  Ar///AOHT///XHI  dy    a6f,[r{,]xv 
KPATElAArOPI^AI  'Ey>parf m  dyop[ai]a 

TEM  I  AIEYX //////  'ApJr.>tS6  eix[iv 

5147.  Irregular  block  of  limestone  :  edge  dressed  :  inscription  on  curved 
surfaces  : — 

LrrOPniAlOIOlACOC  (erovy)y '  Tofmiaiui  eiaaos 

TnCAnOCKeYhC  T?is  anoaKev?]! 

eoYceNTOiepeoN  €[e]v(T€v  t6  upiov 

LA    TOI€PeON    O0IA  (erou? )8'  to  Upiov  6  6la- 

COCTUUN  H  AYAAIUUN  uos  rav 'nbvkalav 

LEOGIACOC   TUU  {tTov^y  6  eUta-oi  tS)[v 

K  I C  AUU//A  TO  I  €  PON  KLadco[v]  rh  Up6v 

Miscellaneous. 

5148.  Fragment  of  colossal  statue  of  Egyptian  style  (fragment  of  left 
arm  with  two  amulets)  cut  down  into  a  base  with  square  sockets. 

5149-5150.    Base  with  two  square  sockets. 

5152.    Large  saddle-quern  of  ^'t'.y?W//ar  volcanic  rock.     Cf.  471  ff. 

5153-5154.    Term  :  satyric  bearded  head.     Cf.  5304,  Khytroi. 

5155.  Upper  part  of  small  slab  of  limestone,  with  hole  through  it : 
upper  edge  shaped  into  a  pediment,  with  two  mutilated  birds  on  it, 
facing  each  other :  traces  of  red  colour. 

5156.  Sphinx  :  torso.     Cf.  6 163-6 164,  6168.  7awaj.rM  (/^;-a72^ma). 

5158.  Right  arm  of  half-life-size  statue  with  bracelet,  holding  pyxis. 

5159.  Similar,  holding  fruit:  spiral  bracelet. 

5160.  Conical  omphalos  ?   0-03  m.  high. 

5161.  Similar,  with  a  hole  in  truncated  top. 

5162.  Similar :  moulded  round  top. 

5163.  Bronze  statuette  of  a  deer.     L.  0-049,  H.  0-035.     =C.  M.  3862. 

5164.  Cornice  with  egg-and-dart  ornament  in  very  low  relief. 
5165-5166.    Small  square  incense-altar. 

5167.  Rough  head  cut  out  of  a  block  of  limestone. 

5168.  Small  saucer. 

5169-5173.    Lamps  :  late  Cypriote  and  Roman.     Cf.  1419. 
5176-5177.    Strombus-shells  for  trumpets. 

4435.    Bronze  cross  [v.  p.  140]. 


SPECIAL    COLLECTION    FROM    KHYTROI.  I49 


II.   KHYTROI  {Kythred). 

Temenos  with  numerous  votive  statuettes  and  figurines  identified,  by 
inscriptions  5390-5391,  as  a  sanctuary  of  the  '  Paphian  Goddess.' 
(Introduction,  s.  v.)  "" 

A.  Stone  Statuettes  :  usual  flat-backed  technique.  Cf.  Vo7ii  above, 
and  5282,  5296,  5301,  below, 

a.  Crouching  boys.     Cf.  Voni,  5 1 1 2  fF. 

5201.  Left    hand    on    a    patera :     chiton    drawn    up     above     groin. 
H.  0-204. 

5202.  Left  hand  on  a  bird :  chiton  drawn  up  above  groin.     H.  0-155. 
5203-5207  a.   Bird  held  in  right  hand.     H.  0-17  (5203). 

5208.    With   characteristic   necklace  of  signet   rings,  with  bull's -head 

pendant:  cf.  4375.     H.  0-175. 
5208  a.    Similar  necklace  :  htwian- headed  hwWs.     KBH.  xxxiii.  3. 
5209-5216.  Heads  of  similar  boys.   H.  0-28  (5209).    5211.   Wears  a  flat 

cap.     H.  0-115.     Cf.  Vofii,  5129  ff.      5212-5213.  A  stephane :  .?  a 

female  head.     H.  0-22-0-12. 

b.  Nursing  mothers.  Goddess  (?)  seated  on  throne  with  high  back 
and  arms;  heavily  draped;  veil  over  head;  holding  on  left  knee 
a  swathed  child,  in  pointed  cap :  all  in  a  plain  rectangular 
frame. 

5217-5219.    Native  early  style :    foldless   drapery ;    coarse  and   heavy. 

H.  0-148  (5217). 
5220-5222.    Egyptian    influence    in    treatment    of   the  head :    foldless 

drapery.      H.    o-i86.       5221-5222.    Wear    a    single    necklace. 

H.  0-082. 

5223.  Greek   influence  perceptible  in  head ;   drapery  still  foldless,  but 
better  modelled.     H.  0-164. 

5224.  Greek    influence :    double  necklace :   drapery   painted   red.      H. 
o-i  17. 

5225.  Greek  influence  :  head  only.     H.  0-055. 

5226-5240.    Greek  influence    increasing;    folds   of   drapery  indicated, 

except   in   5230.       5226.     H.    0-146.      5227.  Details  painted  red. 

5228.  High  polos  over  veil. 
5241-5252.   Heads,  similar.     5241.  H.  o-o88.     5241-5246.  High  polos. 

Cf.  5226.     5244-5247.    Peculiarly  pure  archaic  Greek  style.     Cf, 

Voni,  5005,  &c. 

B.    Terracottas. 

c.  Female  devotees,  erect. 

(a)  '  Snow-man'  technique : 

5253-5254.    Cylindrical  trunk :  both  arms  raised  to  head. 
5255-5257.    Heads   of  similar :    nose,    brows,  cheeks,  chin,  and   ears 
prominent,     H,  0-06-0-058-0-067. 

N.  B. — Heights  of  fragments  include  present  plaster  bases  (0-R.). 


150  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE 

(3)  Mould-pressed  technique :  Egyptian  features  and  heavy  headdress : 
nude,  or  in  diaphanous  drapery. 

5258.  Hands  by  sides  :  douhXt  x\Qc\^zce.     H.  0186. 

5259.  Hands  by  sides  :  a  thick  lock  of  hair  falls  in  front  of  each  shoulder. 
H.  0065. 

5260.  Hands  by  sides :  hair  arranged  in  bands  from  back  to  front, 
descending  low  on  forehead  in  Egyptian  fashion  :  elaborate  necklaces 
with  pendant  discs.  H.  0-249.  Cf.  Kuklia,  4377)  ^"tl  similar 
specimen  in  Ashmolean  Museum,  Oxford. 

5261-5265.  Hands  by  sides :  hair  in  broad  groups  of  plaits  in  front  of 
shoulders  (= beginning  of  Greek  influence).     H.  o- 105-0- 138. 

5266.  Hands  by  sides  :  same  type  rendered  in  Greek  style  :  chiton  with 
diplois  girt  across  breasts:  heavy  necklace.     H.  o-ii. 

5267.  Both  hands  support  the  breasts :  Egyptian  influence,  drapery 
foldless.     H.  0-092. 

5268-5273.  Both  hands  support  the  breasts  :  Greek  influence  growing: 
chiton  indicated :  high  pointed  headdress  with  veil  falling  behind : 
necklace  of  pendants  like  4365  (fifth  and  early  fourth  century  type, 
q.  v.).     H.  0-09-0- 1 1 8. 

N.  B. — All  these  appear  to  be  fragments  of  '  Ring-dances  '  (vide  below). 
h' .  Nursing  motliers. 

5274-5275.    ' -Sz/ciw-^wa;/ '  technique.     H.  0-067  (5275). 
5276-5280.   ^^^;/>//a«  technique.     Cf.  526ofT.     H.  0-066-0-093. 

5281.  Greek  technique:  pointed  cap,  cf.  5268  ff.:  locks  of  hair  on 
shoulders.     H.  0-077. 

d.  Female  votaries  of  various  types. 

5282.  Egyptian  features,  headdress,  necklace,  and  foldless  drapery :  left 
arm  slung  across  in  arm-hole  of  chiton.  H.  0-225.  Cf  Voni,  5003- 
5004.     \Stone?^ 

5283.  Similar:  arms  in  free  sleeves.     H.  0-208. 

5284.  Pyxis  in  left  hand.     H.  0-155. 

5285.  Himation  indicated  over  chiton.     H.  o-ii. 

5286.  Pose  of  5260  flf.     H.  o-i2i. 

5287.  Tambourine  in  left  hand.     H.  0-06. 

5288.  From  a  ring-dance.     H.  0-132. 

5289.  /7owfr-(5^flrd'r  ;  archaic  Greek  influence.  H.  0-133.  Cf.  3035ff. 
and  Idalion  below, 

5290-5295.    From  ring-dances  (vide  below) :  joined  at  the  shoulders, 

except  5295.     H.  0-066-0-116. 
5296.    Tambourine  player :  cf  5284:    tambourine   in  left  hand,  beaten 

with  right.     H.  0-155.     \Stone7\ 
5297-5298.    Tambourine  player   from  ring-dances  (vide  below).      H. 

0-079-0-052. 
5299.    Tambourine   player:    Egyptian  style:  cf.  5360  ff. :    tambourine 

level  with  left  shoulder.     H.  0-074. 

5301.  Tambourine  player  :  foldless  drapery :  gourd-drum  instead  of 
tambourine.     H.  0-113.     \Stone?\ 

5302.  Double-flute  players :  Y.%-^\)'(\?iW  i,\.)\t.     Cf  5260  ff.     H.  o-o66. 

5303.  Double  flute-players  :  Phorbeia  indicated  in  relief.     H.  0-047. 


SPECIAL    COLLECTION    FROM    KHYTROI.  151 

5304.  e.  Satyr,  bearded:  archaic  Greek  style.     H.  o.o52.     Cf.  5153, 

Voni. 

5305.  f.  Conventional  trees  (Cypresses?)  in  centre  of  a  ring-dance 
(vide  below).     H.  0-083. 

5306-5314.    Detached  :  degenerating  into  a  mere  club-shaped  column. 
H.  0-097-0-058, 

g.  Ring-dances     of    three    or    more    mould-pressed    figures:    all 
fragmentary. 

5315-5322.    Egyptian  style,  cf.  5260  ff.:  rounded  stephane.     H.  o-o68- 

0-127. 
5323-5332.   Archaic     Greek    influence :    peaked    cap  :    hands  joined. 

H.  o- 1 1 9-0-08 1.     Cf.  Louvre,  MNB.  1749. 
5333-5334.    Archaic  Greek  influence :  raising  drapery  with  both  hands. 

H.  0-09-0-1 12. 

h.  Animals  and  birds. 

5340.  Dove:  very  small :  '  snow-man' technique.     H.  0-035. 

5341.  Cock's  head  :  stone:  crest  painted  red.     H.  0-052. 

5342.  Lion's  head,  like  Rhodian  work  :  jaws  open :  tongue  hanging 
down  in  front :  long  tubular  neck :  .?  mouth  of  a  drain-pipe. 
H.  o-io. 

5343-5344.    Horses'  heads  of  Dipylon  type:  cf.  3317,  6012  {Tamassos), 

5562  (Kamelarga).     H.  o-ii8-o-io6. 
5445.    Horses'  heads:  elaborate  bridle  of  a////^<f  Z£;(?r/^;  clay.    H.  0-075. 

I.   Miscellaneous. 

5335.  Draped  figure :  left  elbow  leaning  on  a  column  :  left  leg  crossed 
in  front  of  right.     H.  0-094. 

5336.  Small  head  with  wavy  hair  and  peaked  headdress :  Hellenic 
{Tanagra)  influence.     H.  0-038. 

5337.  Mould  for  terracotta  of  Egyptian  style.  H.  0-071.  Cf.  Louvre 
(Heuzey,  No.  58-63). 

5337  a.  Figure  carrying  large  flat  bowl  on  head,  supported  by  left  hand  : 
right  hand  by  side.    H.  0-06.    Cf  Kamelarga,  votaries  5525  ff".  5540. 

5338-5339.  Archaic  Greek  style  :  stone  fragments  :  spiral  earrings  in 
upper  lobe  of  ears.     H.  0-06-0-07. 

5340-5345.    Animals  and  birds  (vide  above). 

5346.  Pendant.     H.  o-o8. 

5347.  Warrior  :  columnar  type  :  right  arm  raised  :  painted  shield    ® 
H.  0-073. 

5348.  Small  boy  figure  in  peaked  cap.     H.  0-056. 

5349.  Columnar  rod  of  clay :  row  of  impressed  circles  round  base. 
H.  0-107. 

5350  ff.    Miscellaneous  heads  of  preceding  types.     H.  0-048  (5350). 

5398.  Large  terracotta  head  like  5719  ff".  {Idalio?i):  Cypriote  style: 
rather  square  face  with  wide  open  eyes  and  prominent  nose  :  eye- 
brows '  feathered '  with  incised  lines  :  traces  of  black  colour.  KBH. 
xlviii.  4. 

5399.  Upper  part  of  hollow  terracotta  figure  like  5557  {Kamelarga): 
rude  work  :  very  broad  face,  without  any  distinct  attempt  at  style. 


152  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

X-.  Inscriptions. 

5390.  Slab  of  limestone  with  top  and  right  edge  preserved.  L.  o-o8, 
H.  o-ii,  Thickness  0025.  Inscription  in  Cypriote  characters,  retro- 
grade, in  three  lines  : — 

ta.se  —  te  .  o  —  e  .  mi  —  ta.se  —  pa  .  pi  [  .  a  .  se  —  ka.se  —  me 

Tas  Qfu)  ^/xi  ra?  Ilac^iTfiy  Kas  {ko.)^        I^( 

ka  .  te  .  te  .  ke  —  ka  .  ri  .  ti  .  mo  .  se  —  o  —  [ 

KOTfdrjKe  XapiTifxos  6  [ 

i.tu.ka.i-f-]  —  te[--]-i  —  te  —  i 
i[f]  Tvxa  ['(")  ]        '"'        ^"' ''] 

Plate  VIII,  published  by  D.   Pierides,    The    Cyprus   Museum,   I. 

{Lar7iaka,    1883);    cf.   R.  Meister,  Gr.   Dialekt-lnschr.,  ii.  p.  168, 

No.  14  a. 

5391.  Statue  base  with  socket,  of  limestone :  top,  bottom,  and  left  side  pre- 
served. Inscription  in  Cypriote  character,  retrograde :  in  three  lines : — 

ta.se  —  te  .  o  —  e  .]  mi  —  ta.se  —  pa  .  pi  . 

Tu^  060)  r\\iX  Tai  Ilacfii- 

a  .  se  —  a  .  u  ]  ta  .   ra  —  me  —  e  .  ve  .  se 

as  avJTop  fie  'ifecre 

]  mi  .  se  —  i  .  tu  .  ka  .  i 

Plate  VIII,  published  by  D,  Pierides,  op.  cit.  II. ;  cf.  R.  Meister, 
op.  cit.  p.  168,  No.  14  b. 

III.    SOLOI  (Soliais). 
Temenos  with  votive  terracottas  (Chronicle  of  Excavations,  p.  4). 
Ring-dances.     Cf.  Khytroi,  5315  ff. 

5401.  {a)  '  Snow-man'  techiique:  base  flat,  with  hole  in  centre  only, 
H.  o-oii. 

5402.  Three  figures  in  tall  caps  [one  missing] :  double-flute  player  within 
the  ring:  eyes,  &c.,  put  on  as  separate  pellets.  H.  0-137.  Cf.  St. 
Germain  Mus.  18031  (Cesn.). 

5403-5412.   Doul)le-flute  players  from  ring-dances.     H.  o-o59-o-i45. 
5413-5447.    Dancers  from  ring-dances :  drapery  indicated  by  scratched 
lines;  gradual  advance  of  style.     H.  o-039-o-i27. 
5414.    Ring  joined  by  bands  between  shoulders  :    hands  clasped  in 

front.     H.  0-071. 
5421.    Ring  joined  hand  to  hand.     H.  0-077. 

5422-5428.    Not  joined  :  arms  extended  forward.     11.0-039-0-127. 
5451.    Veil  over  head :    necklace    of  three   discs :    breasts    marked   by 

pellets:  arms  joined.     H.  0-114. 
5448-5450.    {b)    Moulded  figures,   hollow  behind :    Egyptian   influence. 

Cf.  5260  ff. 
5467,  5476-5477.    Similar  :  heavy  necklace  of  pendants. 
5452-5458.    (f)   Greek  influence  beginning.     Similar  figures.     H.  0-055. 
5459.    Drapery   finished    by   modelling:    peaked   hood   thrown    back. 

H.  0-127. 
5460-5465.    Distinctly  moulded  :  hollow  behind.     H.  0-076-0-1 13. 
5466.    Better  work :  left  arms  are  raised  to  rest  on  the  shoulder  of  the 
next  figure.     H.  0-056. 


SPECIAL  COLLECTIONS.       III.   SOLOI.       IV.  KITION.  153 

Miscellaneous. 
5484-5485.    Male  head  in  cap  with  peak  falling  backward  :  '  snow-man ' 
technique.     H.  o-042-o-043. 

5486.  Female  nude  figure:  hands  by  sides.     Cf.  5460.     H.  0-148. 

5487.  Female  nude  figure  :  hands  on  breasts.     Cf.  5270.     H.  0-148. 

5488.  Female  standing,  in  heavy  drapery  to  feet :  arms  slightly  thrust 
forward  from  the  elbow  under  it :  masses  of  hair  on  head  and  neck. 
H.  0-218. 

IV.    KITION. 

Kamelarga  Site.     Sanctuary,  probably    of  Artemis,  with 

Terracottas. 

The  sanctuary  lies  close  to  the  north  boundary  of  Kition,  being  in 
fact  bounded  on  that  side  by  the  town  wall ;  about  100  yards  S.W.  of  the 
main  street  of  Old  Larnaka,  and  abutting  on  a  path  described  as  Leopold 
Street,  behind  the  Commissioner's  garden.  Only  one  small  area  has  at 
present  been  examined,  as  the  site  is  covered  by  six  to  eight  feet  of  soil 
full  of  later  foundations,  belonging  to  the  Hellenistic  town,  and  to  a 
modern  camel-stable  from  which  the  field  gets  its  name.  In  the  two 
productive  shafts,  which  struck  a  rubbish  heap  of  votive  offerings,  the 
terracottas  were  packed  very  tightly,  whole  and  broken  specimens 
together,  in  a  layer  over  three  feet  thick.  Some  types  only  occurred 
near  the  top,  others  near  the  bottom ;  but  there  was  no  distinct  division 
into  layers.  Most  of  the  statuettes  and  all  those  in  the  uppermost  layers 
are  female  ;  and  the  commonest  type  represents  the  votary,  whether  male 
or  female,  playing  a  tambourine :  only  two  or  three  harp-players  were 
found,  and  those  near  the  bottom  :  the  double  flute  does  not  occur  at  all. 
Next  in  order  of  frequency  are  those  where  the  votary  brings  an  offering — 
calf,  bird,  flower,  dish  of  cakes,  or  bowl  of  wine ;  some  female  figures  of 
the  last-named  variety  carry  a  Cypriote  lamp  on  their  heads.  Some  of 
the  males  with  birds  carry  also  a  short  sword  under  the  left  arm.  Other 
male  figures  carry,  besides  the  sword,  a  pointed  helmet  and  a  small 
round  shield  with  pointed  central  boss,  like  that  from  Amathus  in  the 
Cesnola  Collection.  Two  female  figures  carry  an  infant  in  arms  :  these 
do  not  indicate  the  deity  as  '  nursing  mother,'  but  represent  the  votary 
and  her  baby ;  for  in  one  of  the  specimens,  which  fell  to  the  share  of  the 
excavator  (now  in  the  Ashmolean  Museum,  Oxford),  the  child  stretches 
out  its  hands  in  adoration.  The  same  remark  applies  to  the  armed  male 
figures.  On  the  other  hand,  a  few  figures  were  of  the  Oriental  type, 
where  the  figure  is  nude  and  the  hands  support  the  swollen  breasts  :  cf. 
Heuzey, '  Figurines  Antiques  du  Louvre,'  Cyprus,  No.  58  ff.;  but  these  are 
rare,  and  with  a  very  few  exceptions  are  made  wholly  in  a  mould,  and  are  of 
strongly  Egyptian  character  :  but  the  one  statuette  of  undoubted  Egyptian 
fabric  (green-glazed  porcelain  with  hieroglyphic  inscription)  is  unfortu- 
nately missing  below  the  shoulders.  A  few  other  amulets  and  fragments 
of  blue  porcelain  were  also  found  in  the  lower  layers,  and  a  few  beads  of 
variegated  glass.  The  only  other  extraneous  objects  were  a  half-Greek 
statuette  in  painted  limestone,  a  simple  bowl  like  929,  and  a  'bottle-jug' 
like  1023.  The  few  statuettes  of  stone  were  of  rude  flat  fabric  ;  the  most 
remarkable  (5571)  is  of  a  type  which  is  common  at  Akhna,  but  is  hardly 
represented  here  at  all. 

The  great  majority  of  the  terracottas  are  made  on  a  very  simple  plan. 
A  coarse  clay  funnel,  about  0-15  m.  long  and  0-04  to  o-o6  m.  broad,  is 


154  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

thrown  on  the  potter's  wheel :  into  tlie  narrow  end  of  this  a  flat-backed 
head,  pressed  in  a  shallow  mould,  is  fixed,  as  in  a  socket.  The  arms  and 
attributes  are  added  in  separate  pieces,  and  the  whole  figure  is  dipped 
in  a  pale  creamy  slip,  and  decorated  with  black  and  purple-red  paints, 
which  easily  wash  ofl^.  The  figure  stands  on  the  broad  end  of  the 
funnel ;  not  a  bad  representation  of  stiff  heavy  drapery.  This  explains 
the  case  with  which  the  same  kind  of  head  and  trunk  could  be  pro- 
vided with  difterent  poses  and  attributes,  and  also  the  difficulty  of 
extracting  the  figures  whole,  even  if  the  heads  were  not  loose  in  their 
sockets  already. 

All  the  principal  varieties  are  catalogued  below  and  exhibited  in  the 
INIuseum ;  but  as  the  whole  Government  collection  amounts  to  several 
hundreds,  a  much  larger  series  might  be  profitably  arranged  hereafter. 

A.  Tambourine-players.  The  tambourine  is  held  upright  and 
edgeways  in  the  left  hand  in  front  of  the  body,  and  is  beaten  with 
the  right. 

Sfyle  a.  5501-5502.  The  figure  is  fashioned  in  one  piece  in  a  mould  : 
hollow  and  flat-backed :  Egyptian  influence  in  headdress  and  features. 
All  female.  Fine  light  red  clay :  no  traces  of  slip  or  paint.  Only  found 
in  the  uppermost  layers  near  the  west  end  of  the  mass. 

5501.    Headdress  pointed.     H.  0-19.         5502.    Headdress  round. 

Sfyle  b.  5503-5514.  The  figure  is  a  coarse  funnel,  bulging  again 
above  :  whitish  clay.  Head  very  coarsely  fashioned  with  a  mould  and 
flat  behind :  face  dark  red,  black  hair  and  features  :  eyes  white  with  black 
outlines  and  pupils :  drapery  indicated  by  geometrical  black  lines. 

5503-5505.    Female :  commonest  near  the  top.     H.  o-2o6-0'ii6. 
5512-5514.    Male:  bearded:  pointed  cap.     H.  o-i26-o-i76. 

Sfyle  c.  The  funnel  narrows  evenly  upwards  :  slip  and  paint  as  before, 
but  easily  washed  off. 

5506-5508.  Female:  H.  o-i83-o-i95.  5508.  Small  head  of  Egyptian 
type  with  thick  lips  and  heavy  curled  black  wig.  H.  0-239.  Cf. 
Louvre,  Heuzey,  T-C.  96-7. 

5515.  Male:  as  before.     H.  0-20. 

5509-5510.    The    tambourine   is   held    upright   between   both  hands : 

female.     H.  o- 195-0- 181. 
5511.    The  tambourine  is  held  flat  against  the  breast  (cf.  5571) :  female. 

H.  0-136. 

B.  Harp-player.     Style  c.     Female. 

5516.  The  harp,  of  three-cornered  type  (cf.  3 113  ff-),  is  held  on  the  left 
arm,  and  played  with  the  right.     H.  0-252. 

C.  Suppliants  :  merging  in  Types  A  and  E. 

5517.  Hands  pressed  together,  fingers  upwards :  pointed  cap :  female. 
Sfyle  b.    H.  0-203. 

5518-5519.  Hands  on  breast,  right  over  left :  female.  Sfyle  b.  H.  0-183- 
o-i6. 

D.  Mother  and  child.     Sfyle  c.     Cf.  St.  Gerrti.  18034. 

5520.  The  child  is  carried  on  the  left  arm  and  looks  to  right ;  only  its 
head  and  shoulders  are  indicated :  in  another  specimen,  mentioned 


SPECIAL    COLLECTIONS.       IV.    KITION  (KAMELARGA).  155 

above,    the   child   leans   forward   and    outward;    arms   are   added 
extended  in  an  attitude  of  adoration.     H.  o-i8. 

E.  Votaries  bringing  offerings.     Style  c,  except  those  mdicated. 

(a)  Female  figures. 

5521,   Small  indistinct  object.    Figure  short :  headdress  applied  in  relief. 

Style  b.     H.  o-x^.     Louvre,  Heuzey,  T-C.  94-5. 
5522-5524.  The  offering  develops  into  a  dish  of  cakes.    H.  o-202-o-225. 
5525-5526.  Offering  a  deep  bowl  with  incurved  rim.     H.  o-22-o-236. 

5527.  Tall  cup,  held  in  right  hand;  left  laid  on  rim. 

5528.  Calf  or  kid,  held  in  both  arms.  H.  0-135.  Louvre,  Heuzey, 
T-C.  99. 

5532.    Similar  calf,  detached  from  a  much  larger  figure.     H.  0-105. 

5529.  Swan,  held  in  both  arms:  peculiar  features  and  heavy  Egyptian 
headdress.     H.  0-217.     Cf.  sp.  in  Louvre,  uncatalogued. 

5530-5531.  Dove.  5531.  Head  of  figure  missing  :  elaborate  geo- 
metrical pattern  on  skirt.    H.  0-189.    Cf  Loicvre,  Heuzey,  T-C.  loi. 

5533-5534.  Wreath :  a  plain  flattened  roll  of  clay  with  crossed  ends  : 
cf.  the  wreaths  on  No.  6313,  Idalion.     H.  0-177. 

(^)  Similar  bearded  male  figures,  with: — 

5535.  Bird:  pointed  helmet.     Style  b.     H.  0-152. 

5536.  Bird:  Egyptian  wig.     H.  0-128. 

5537.  Bird  in  right  hand  :  short  sword  under  left  arm  :  pointed  helmet  : 
cf  Type  G.     H.  0-113. 

5538.  Three-petalled  flower.     H.  0-245. 

5539.  Indistinct  flower  on  a  bowl.     H.  0-259. 

F.  Lamp-bearers :   always  female.     Style  c. 

5540.  Figure  like  5525,  holding  a  bowl :  a  Cypriote  shell-lamp  stands 
on  the  head  like  a  cocked  hat.     H,  0-213. 

G.  Armed  warriors :   bearded.     Style  c. 

5541.  Short  sword  under  left  arm.     H.  0-17. 

5542.  Similar,  with  round  shield  slung  over  left  arm,  and  pointed  Assyrian 
helmet  like  that  from  Thebes  (W.  M.  F.  P.  1896).     H.  0-33. 

H.    '  Oriental  Goddess '  type.     Cf  I,  belotv.     Style  c. 

5543.  Prominent  breasts,  with  arms  crossed  below  them.     H.  0-14. 

I.   Nude  female  figures  of  '  Oriental  Goddess '  types  :   ivholly 
pressed  in  mould :  solid  a7id  fiat-backed :  strongly  Egyptian  style. 

5544-5545.  Hands  by  sides :  heavy  black  wig :  face  and  neck  red. 
H.  0-156-0-148. 

5546.  Hands  raised  to  grasp  heavy  locks  faUing  in  front  of  the  shoulders. 
H.  0-133. 

5547.  Left  hand  supports  breast,  right  rests  on  abdomen.     H.  0-069. 

5548.  Similar :  the  figure  is  flatter  and  more  carelessly  executed,  and 
the  hair  projects  like  a  cushion  on  each  side  of  the  head.  Cf.  Louvre, 
Heuzey,  T-C.  109,  PI.  vi.  5. 

Miscellaneous. 
5549-5555.    Pleads  of  figures  of  the  preceding  types. 
5549.    Negress.     H.  o-o8. 


156  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

5550-5553.  Male.  H.  o- 105-0-03.  5550.  Has  a  grotesquely  long 
pointed  beard. 

5554.  Child.?     H.  0-058. 

5555.  Male  head  :  pointed  cap  with  ornament  applied  in  relief.  The 
beard  is  broken,  and  shows  that  it  was  not  moulded  with  the 
head,  but  added  afterwards  by  hand.     H.  0-146. 

5556.  Similar  cap  with  relief  ornaments  :  modelled.     H.  0-105. 

5557.  Upper  part  of  large  female  fi_L!;ure :  head  moulded  as  usual: 
Egyptian  headdress :  features  in  paint.     H.  0-274. 

5558-5559.  Large  female  heads  of  nearly  pure  Cypriote  type.  H. 
0-167-0-123. 

5560.  Female  mask,  hollow,  with  holes  for  suspension :  Egyptian 
features,  with  headdress  entirely  covering  the  hair.     H.  0-115. 

5561.  Similar,  with  Egyptian  features  and  headdress :  two  large  spiral 
ornaments  in  the  ear,  of  three  turns  above,  and  four  (two  broken 
since  discovery)  below.     H.  0-12. 

5562.  Horse's  head  :  rude  type  like  that  of  the  Dipylon.     H.  o-i  i. 

5563.  Horse's  head :  more  advanced  work  with  modelled  bridle,  &c. 
H.  0-082.     Cf.  3317  ;  and  6013  (Ta/fiassos). 

5564.  Horseman  in  crested  helmet  like  a  Phrygian  cap.     H.  0-08. 

5565.  Dove  like  3261  ff.  and  6071  {Tamassos).     H.  0-061. 

6566.  Bull's  head,  modelled  hollow  for  suspension :  vigorous  native 
style;  black  paint.     H.  0-085. 

5567.  Shield  Hke  that  worn  by  5542  :  concave  behind,  with  small  handle 
in  centre :  pointed  boss  outside  :  red  bands  edged  with  black,  and 
alternate  black  and  red  triangles  on  rim:  cf.  Larnaka,  1894,  60. 
(Ashm.  Mus.),  and  Kurmi  (Brit.  IMus.  1895,  g(i/2/i,  131). 

5568.  Spindlewhorl  of  coarse  brow^n  clay,  very  like  the  Bronze  Age  type. 
H.  0-03. 

5569.  H.  o-io. 

Stone  figures. 

5571.  Female  figure  in  the  flat  style  (cf.  Vo?n,  5001  ff.  and  Akhna,  Brit. 
INIus.)  in  long  chiton  with  arm-holes  level  with  the  elbow  :  feet  bare  : 
long  hair  falling  behind  the  head :  right  hand  by  side,  left  holds 
tambourine  flat  on  the  breast.  Very  fully  coloured  :  chiton  red, 
with  black  border,  and  apparently  a  long  fringed  stole  over  it  (cf. 
Brit.  Mus.  A.  9,  10,  15,  18  {Ak/ina),  KBH.  Ixviii.  i.  13):  black  hair, 
and  apparently  red  face.     H.  0-382. 

5572.  Male  torso,  broken  at  shoulders  and  knees  :  arms  by  sides  :  left  leg 
slightly  advanced :  body  very  long  and  narrow :  flat  style,  but  fairly 
fully  modelled.  Traces  of  red  colouring  represent  a  tight-fitting  striped 
chiton,  merged  in  a  red  loincloth  or  pair  of  tight  drawers.    H.  0-228. 

5573.  Head  in  pointed  cap  :  not  unlike  5001  (  Vont),  but  cut  narrow  and 
with  pointed  chin  :  very  large  ears  and  prominent  eyes.     H.  0-103. 

5574.  Similar:  rather  better  work,  but  much  damaged.     H.  0-109. 

5575.  Head  like  5006  {Voni)  showing  archaic  Greek  influence:  hair 
confined  by  a  mural  crown?     H.  0-12. 

5576.  Group :  a  boy,  with  head  missing,  in  long  chiton,  coloured  red,  in 
'  Temple-boy'  attitude,  with  left  hand  on  the  head  of  a  dog,  coloured 
yellow,  which  sits  to  left  in  front  of  his  left  knee,  and  looks  away 
from  him  :  right  arm  missing,  but  apparently  resting  on  left  knee. 
H.  0-08. 


SPECIAL    COLLECTIONS.       IV.    KITION.       V.    IDALION.         157 

Porcelain  figures  :  both  apparently  of  Egyptian  workmanship. 

5577.  Statuette  :  greenish  glaze  :  head,  broken  at  the  neck,  with  formal 
wig  and  beard  :  crowned  with  elaborate  vase-like  ornament.  Hiero- 
glyphic inscription  down  back  (vide  PI.  VIII).     H.  0-082. 

5578.  Fragments  of  blue-glazed  statuette  :  bare  feet,  &c. 
4712.  [q.  v.]  Symbolic  eye.  4766.  Cow. 

5579.  Square  stone  altar  of  incense,  hollowed  above.  H.  0-158.  Cf. 
5 1 65-5 1 66  {Voni). 

Batsalos  Site. 

The  excavations  of  1894  showed  that  the  site  had  been  completely 
looted  by  L.  P.  di  Cesnola  (vide  Chronicle  of  Excavations,  p.  6). 

5590.  Female  figure  :  pressed  in  mould  :  Hellenistic  [fragmentary]. 

5591.  Horse:  apparently  of  '  snow-man '  technique  :   much  weathered  : 

cf.  3307  ff- 
5592  fF.   Fragments  of  Attic  red-figured  pottery :  one  bears  the  graffito 
C.  M.  1996;  another  1997:  both  in  Phoenician  characters. 

Bambula  Site. 

5599.  Early  capital  with  almost  spherical  bowl,  and  large  flat  volutes  : 
small  palmettes  fill  the  spaces  beneath  the  volutes  :  native  limestone. 
KBH.  cxcvii.  i.    H.  0-45,  D.  0-44.     Government  Excavation,  1879. 


V.   IDALION  (Dali). 

Statuettes  from  theSanctuary  of  Aphrodite,  excavated  in  1885 
close  to  the  village  :  the  greater  part  of  the  collection  is  in  the  Berlin 
Museum.  The  statues  are  all  female,  and  of  small  size  (0-5  m.  downwards). 
Vide  Chronicle  of  Excavations,  p.  3.    Cf  Louvre,  Heuzey,  T-C.  78,  79,  86. 

A.  Stone :  flat-backed  standing  figures. 

(a)  Egyptian  features  and  headdresses,  often  flattened  above :  foldless 
chitons  :  feet  usually  bare. 

5601.    Tambourijie-player :  necklace  of  square  beads  with  pendant:  cf 

4351  ff'.     H.  0-21. 
5602-5603.    Right  arm  slung  in  chiton,  cf.  5004  ( Voni)  :  necklace  of 

beads.     H.  0-125. 
5604.   Flower-bearer  of  very  tall,  narrow  proportions.     H.  0-308. 
5605-5607.    Fragments. 
5608-5636,    Heads:    all    more    or    less    Egyptian:    cf.    5795-5798- 

H.  o-i  15-0-059. 

(/3)  Similar  flgures:  transition  to  archaic  Greek  style  like  5006-5007  (  Voni). 

5637.   Hair  represented  on  Egyptian  headdress  by  tooling.    [Head  only.] 

H.  0-I03. 
5638-5639.    Hair  represented  on  Egyptian  headdress  by  deep  furrows 

radiating  from  the  crown,     [Head  only.]     H.  0-074-0-095. 
5640.    Pose  of  5602  :  foldless  drapery  :  double  necklace  :  Greek  influence 

on  the  features,  and  distinct  archaic  smile :  three  rows  of  curls  under 

stephane.     H.  0-149. 


158  CYPRUS   MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

5641.  Flower-hearer,  raising  drapery  with  left  hand :  himation,  distinctly 
shown  over  chiton,  falls  from  shoulder  under  left  arm,  with  a  long  fold 
down  right  side  (cf.  the  archaic  figures  of  the  Acropolis  Museum, 
Athens) :  Greek  features :  three  rows  of  curls  under  high  Stephana 
or  polos  :  no  necklace  or  earrings,  but  bracelet  with  open  ends  (cf. 
C.I\r.  4250  flf.)  on  each  wrist :  traces  of  red  colour  on  lips,  stephane, 
and  himation.     H.  0-302. 

5642.  Thoroughly  Greek  archaic  model :  quite  straight  nose  :  lower  part 
of  face  finely  cut,  but  eyes  still  flat  and  prominent:  hair  roughly  tooled, 
three  rows  of  curls  falling  in  front  of  ears  (cf.  Athens,  AcropoHs 
]\Iuseum,444;  Musses  d'Ath^nes,  Pl.vi.:  C.IM.5006)  under  prominent 
stephane,  and  in  heavy  mass  behind  neck  :  large  flat  round  earrings  : 
small  pendant  at  throat.     [Readonly.]     H.  0-114. 

5643-5649.    Similar,  coarser.     H.  o-i  15-0-04. 
5644.  Four  rows  of  beads  round  throat. 

5650.  Flower -hear  er :  himation  over  chiton  indicated  by  incised  lines, 
cf.  5019  {Voni):  hair  in  pointed  net  behind,  under  narrow  stephane. 
H.  0-133. 

5651.  Flower-hearer:  folded  chiton  and  himation:  over  all  a  foldless 
cloak,  falling  straight  from  the  shoulders,  and  coloured  red  :  feet 
shod.     [Head  missing.]     H.  0-163. 

5652-5657.  Similar  heads  with  pointed  headdress  made  of  a  long  band 
wound  round  the  hair  in  two  or  three  successive  directions,  leaving 
a  row  of  curls  in  front:  large  rosette  earrings.     H.  0-112-0-095. 

5658.  Very  flat  torso  like  5650.     H.  0-086. 

5659.  Flower-hearer :  flower  in  left  hand,  which  carries  a  heavy  fold  of  the 
himation  :  drapery  indicated  by  grooves :  necklace  of  pendants  (cf. 
4364) :  feet  shod:  hand  and  right  arm  missing.     H.  0-302. 

5662.  Flower-hearer :  fringed  stole  over  chiton:  cf.  5571  {Kamelarga). 
H.  0-17. 

5660-5661.  Cake-bearers:  draped  like  5659:  right  hand  lifts  folds  of 
himation :  dish  of  cakes  on  left  arm,  much  foreshortened  :  heavy 
double  collar:  red-coloured  borders:  cf.  terracotta  3500  {Akhna). 
H.  0-195-0-155. 

5663.  Head  with  headdress  like  5652,  but  not  pointed:  heavy  roll  of 
hair  on  forehead.     H.  0-066. 

5664-5668.    Heads  with  roll  of  hair  under  low  fluted  polos  :  poor  work 

under  Greek  influence,  probably  of  late  period.     H.  0-105-0-05. 
5669.    Head  in  pointed  hood  :  very  poor  similar  work.     H.  0-09. 

5673.  Lyre-player?  torso:  left  arm  across  body :  drapery  indicated  by 
incised  lines. 

5674.  Lyre-player :  rectangular  lyre  on  left  arm:  plectrum  in  right  hand. 
H.  0-168. 

5675-5677.    Veil  over  head:  right  hand  emerges  from  it  to  retain  folds 

of  left  side.     Hellenistic  model.     H.  0-172-0-091. 
5678-5684.    Similar  veiled  heads.     H.  0-288-0-07. 

B.   Terracottas. 

(a)  '  Snow-man '  technique^  without  added  details. 

5686-5692.  Arms  raised,  cf.  5253  {Khytroi) :  tall  wedge-shaped  cap 
on  head,  degenerating  into  flat  upturned  face  like  that  of  the  marble 
figures  of  Amorgos.     H.  0-171-0-96. 


SPECIAL    COLLECTIONS.       V.    IDALION.  159 

(^)  '  Snow-man  '  technique,  with  added  details. 

5693-5704.  Arms  raised  or  extended  :  projecting  headdress  with  flaps 
behind  ears.     H.  o- 146-0-043. 

5701.  Long  curled  lock  on  each  shoulder.     H.  0-15. 

5702.  Head  hollow  above,  like  \ 

5703"^Hea^"  ma°de '.;.  the  wheel,     ^^'^^^^  ^^-  554°  {^Kamelarga). 
and  open  above.     H.  0-075.      / 
5705.    Clapping  hands  :  details  in  white  paint. 
5707-5709.    Tambourine-players.     H.  0-151-0-10. 
5710-5715.    Lyre-players:  di.  ^^id  [Kainelargd).     H.  0-16. 

(7)  Head  pressed  in  mould,  body  modelled ;  with  incised  details. 
5712.    Lyre-player.     H.  0-165.     5713-5716.    Heads.     H.  o-o54-o'045. 

5717.  -fi'z'ra' in  left  hand  :  foldless  drapery  indicated.     H.  0-186. 

(fi)    Wholly  moulded:  flat-backed:  Egyptiaji  influence. 

5718.  Hair  and  eyebrows  '  feathered ' :  heavy  necklace  with  pendants : 
foldless  drapery :  right  hand  across  body. 

(e)  Heads  atid fragments  of  large  modelled  statues.    (Vide  Introduction, 
p.  29.     Cf.  Brit.  Mus.  A.  36-40.) 

5719.  Head :  moulded  first ;  then  hair  indicated  by  stamps,  and  painted 
black :  eyes  wide  open  and  looking  upwards :  nose  large  and 
prominent :  mouth  small :  face  rather  full  and  square.  Cf.  5802  ff. 
{Salamis  '  Toumba'),  5398  [Khytroi),  and  St.  Germ.  Mus,  18038. 
H.  o-ii, 

5720-5721.    Similar  heads  with  more  detailed  work.     H.  0-06-0-104, 
5722.    Similar  head,  wholly  modelled  :  three  rows  of  curls,  and  ?  wreath 

over:  fragmentary:  cf.  5398.     H,  0-155, 
5723-5779.    Fragments  of  similar  figures  :  details  both  incised  and  added 
by  pellets  of  clay :  fringed  drapery  :  necklaces  with  pendants,     H. 
0-145-0-043. 
5734,  Bull's  head.  5762,  Face :  flesh  coloured  ;  hair 

5744,  5791-5793.  Hands  holding  and  eye  black. 

fruit,  5763.  Pendant :  a  horned  animal 

5740.  Hands  with  rings.  (Apis.?)  on  Egyptian  sacred 

5747-5750,  Feet  with  toe-rings,  boat  with  swan's-neck  prow. 

5751-5754.  Wrists  with  bracelets.     5779.  Frontlet       of      open-work 
5756-5761,  Hair,  rosettes  with  pendants. 

5780.    Flower-bearer  :  flat-backed  :  moulded, 

C.    Miscellaneous. 

5795-5798.    Stone  heads,  like  5602  ff. :  cap  flatter  and  projecting  all 

round, 
5799,    Bottle-jug  like  1023.  5799  a.   Cypriote  lamp. 


Church  of  St,  George,   1887, 

6300.  Long  block,  apparently  part  of  a  cornice,  of  bluish  marble  (like 
Hymettian)  with  inscription  on  the  flat  bottom  member  of  the 
moulding,  Z>a// (found  built  into  Ch.  of  St.  George,  1887),  [v.  p.  172.] 


l6o  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 


Idalion  Principal  Sanctuary.     Excavations  of  1894. 

6301-6306.  Stelae  of  native  limestone,  cut  in  the  outline  of  flat  Qpriote 
capitals,  with  volutes :  details  in  low  relief  on  one  side  only  :  pair  of 
large  volutes  below,  the  curves  of  which  intersect  at  the  base,  and 
form  a  triangle,  in  which  are  the  crescent  and  disc  of  the  Cypriote 
Aphrodite  (Astarte)  :  above,  various  elaborate  palmette  motives  ; 
abacus  of  three  stages  with  chevron  ornament.  The  upper  surface 
is  left  rough  ;  so  cannot  have  supported  an  entablature. 

6305.  Is  fragmentary,  showing  one  of  the  volutes. 

6306.  Was   confiscated   by  the   Cyprus   Government  from   surrep- 
titious diggers, 

Cf.  5953  {AfnatJius :  a  very  degraded  form) :  and  KBH.  Iviii-ix,  clxiii ; 

Idalion,  xxvi;    Athienu,  cxvii. ;    Ohnefalsch-Richter,   'Journ.  Inst,  Brit. 

Arch.'  N.  S.  iii.  p,  109  ff, 

6307.  Tall  stele  with  abbreviated  variety  of  the  same  motive  at  the  top  : 
below,  on  the  front,  a  fan-like  ornament,  and  lower  down  a  series  of 
square  panels,  sunk  one  within  another  (vide  PI,  VIII).  Cf.  '  Daily 
Graphic,'  Dec.  28,  1894. 

6311.  Stele  [lower  part  only],  with  projecting  border.  A  woman  with 
chiton,  and  loose  mantle  over  it  (cf  5955  {Amathus  124),  and  6211), 
is  seated  on  a  throne  with  arms:  on  her  knees  is  a  child,  swathed 
and  hooded  (cf  5217-5252,  Khytroi,  and  3095  ff.):  she  supports  her 
chin  with  the  back  of  her  left  hand,  which  holds  a  round  fruit :  her 
right  rests  on  the  right  shoulder  of  a  child  of  10-12  years,  who  stands, 
in  loose  sleeveless  chiton,  looking  somewhat  upwards  to  his  left :  his 
left  hand,  holding  a  fruit,  rests  on  the  swathed  infant.  The  features 
throughout  are  of  fairly  advanced  type,  under  Hellenic  influence,  but 
the  modelling  is  poor  and  weak :  bracelets  on  all  wrists  :  feet  all 
shod :  hips,  borders  of  drapery,  .and  patterns  on  chair  and  border 
of  panel,  are  painted  red  :  the  infant's  hood  shows  traces  of  blue  or 
green.     Fine  soft  limestone. 

6313.  Stele  [lower  part  only]  with  projecting  border  :  similar  group.  A 
woman,  fully  draped,  is  seated  between  two  standing  children  in 
sleeveless  chiton  with  armholes  at  elbow,  each  of  whom  holds  a  wreath 
in  the  right  hand ;  that  on  the  right  also  a  flower  in  the  left :  bracelets 
on  all  wrists  :  feet  all  shod :  traces  of  red  paint :  coarse  work,  but 
not  later  than  third  century.     Fine  soft  limestone. 

6315.  Stele  [upper  part  only]  with  projecting  border :  flat  top  surmounted 
by  palmette-akroteria,  and  a  sphinx  [head  missing]  with  curled  wings 
to  right,  whose  left  foot  rests  on  one  of  the  akroteria  :  within  the 
deep  panel  below  is  the  head  of  a  woman,  with  veil :  hair  parted  in 
the  middle  into  two  rolls,  treated  as  if  finely  spiral.  Cf  62 11,  The 
subject  probably  resembled  that  of  631 1-63 13.  The  style  is 
distinctly  modelled  on  that  of  the  fourth-century  Attic  stelae.  Red 
paint  is  applied  to  the  hair,  pupils,  and  lips  of  the  figure,  and  to  the 
akroteria  and  border ;  and  the  body  of  the  sphinx  is  spotted.  Fine 
soft  limestone. 


SPECIAL    COLLECTIONS.       V.    IDALION.       VI,    SALAMIS.         l6l 


VI.   SALAMIS. 

The  Salamis  Collection  contains  little  of  importance  except  the  first 
twenty-five  numbers.  The  only  notes  available,  besides  the  published 
summary  of  excavations  in  J.  H.  S.  xii.,  are  the  symbols  pencilled  on  most 
of  the  objects.  Only  the  more  important  objects  are  described  here  : 
for  other  objects  from  Salamis,  vide  Index,  s.v. 

A.  Large  finely  modelled  terracotta  figures  of  Cypriote 
naturalistic  style  :   sixth-seventh  century. 

Good  clay  with  light  coloured  slip ;  hair  and  eyes,  which  always  look 
slightly  upwards,  given  in  black,  and  lips  in  red :  drapery  enriched  with 
elaborate  geometrical  patterns  in  black  and  red.  All  from  the  '  Toumba' 
(Tovinra)  site  :  cf.  Brit.  Mus.  A.  42-60,  and  spp.  at  Cambridge  and  Oxford  ; 
Introduction,  p.  29;  and  the  very  full  discussion,  J.  H.  S.  xii.  116  ff.  PI.  ix,  x. 

5801.  Large  male  bearded  head,  very  much  broken :  small  moustache, 
and  long  beard  which  runs  clear  of  the  lower  lip,  and  is  treated  as  if 
in  long  parallel  plaits :  lips  slightly  turned  down  at  the  corners  :  eyes 
large  and  wide  open  :  figured  J.  H.  S.  xii.  149,  fig.  8.  Cf.  fragment 
at  Cambridge. 

5802-5807.  Smaller  beardless  heads  with  curly  hair  lying  low  on  the 
forehead,  and  in  a  mass  at  the  back  of  the  neck ;  the  curls  are 
rendered  by  means  of  a  stamp  :  geometrical  hatching  on  eyebrows 
(cf.  5398,  5718)  :  heavy  spiral  earrings  in  lower  lobes  of  ears  :  nose 
prominent  and  narrow :  mouth  rather  small  and  finely  modelled  : 
cf.  J.  H.  S.  xii.  156,  fig.  9.    Cf.  two  similar,  Fitzw.  Mus.,  Cambridge. 

5808-5812.    Arms,  legs,  and  sandalled  feet  of  similar  figures. 

5813.  Similar  arm  made  in  a  distinct  piece,  with  a  transversely  perforated 
tail-piece  to  fit  into  a  socket.  Cf.  the  fitted  arms  of  the  archaic 
figures  in  the  Acropolis  Museum,  Athens. 

5814-5821.    Fragments  of  drapery,  elaborately  painted.  5817.   Has 

a  lotos-pattern  of  a  simple  archaic  type. 

5822.  Torso  of  a  male  figure  in  short  red  chiton,  with  broad  border 
left  white  :    right  hand  across  breast,  holding  a  kid.     J.  H.  S.  xii. 

P-  155- 

5823.  Similar  :  a  second  chiton  over  the  first,  reaching  only  to  the 
waist :  left  arm,  preserved  as  far  as  the  elbow,  hangs  down  nearly 
free  by  the  side. 

5824.  Similar  type  :  kid  held  in  left  hand,  lower  down. 

5825.  Similar  type  :  lower  part  of  small  stone  figure  :  kid  nearly  erect 
by  the  side.     J.  H.  S.  xii.  p.  160. 

5826.  Similar  type  :  much  mutilated. 

B.  Fragments  of  figures  in  '  Snow-man  '  technique. 

5827.  Horseman.  5833.  Recumbent  figure  [  = 

5828.  Horse.     Cf.  painted  specimen.  3139]- 
(Cambr.)                                                      5834.    Charioteer. 

5829-5830.  Dove.       5831  (in  stone).         5840-5842.    Cart-wheels. 
5845.   Bull :  feet  on  fragmentary  base  :  the  eyes  are  incised  :  cf.  J.  H.  S. 
xii.  p.  159,  fig.  II. 

u 


l62  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

C.    Miscellaneous. 

5857.  Sione  head  :  Egyptian  style  with  rounded  headdress. 

5858.  Stone  head  :  aichaic  Greek  style,  like  5006  {Voni). 

5859.  Stone  head  with  flat  face,  like  5901  ff.,  5909  {Amari^elli). 
5851-5856.    Female  heads  of  Hellenistic  moulded  terracotta,  with  wavy 

hair  parted  in  the   middle,  and  polos   above  it.         5853-5855. 

Klaborate  stephane.         5856.   Simple  veil  over  hair. 
5860-5861.    Comic-mask  heads  from  Hellenistic  statuettes. 
5862.    Nike  torso  :  fair  work  in  wliitc  fibrous  alabaster. 
5883.    Sphinx:  torso  of  limestone. 
5866.    Squattin<i;  figure  kneading  dough  (lower  half  only):    cf.  Amaihus, 

220  (Brit.  ]\lus.). 

5871.  Graeco-Roman  portrait  head  with  wavy  hair  and  beard:  white 
marble. 

5872.  Graeco-Roman  female  head  with  veil  over  full  wavy  hair. 

5876.  Fragment  of  marble  frieze  with  bead  ornament  below.  A  draped 
male  figure  retires  to  right,  looking  back  at  a  large  quadruped 
whose  head  and  forefoot  only  are  preserved  :  to  the  extreme  right 
are  the  back  and  right  arm  of  a  draped  figure  kneeling  to  right. 
Poor  late  work,  somewhat  worn.     Fine  white  marble. 

5877.  Fragment  of  a  slab  w'ith  a  thick-bodied  fish  in  low  relief. 
5886.    Part  of  a  bird  in  green-glazed  porcelain. 

5891.    I.oom-wcights  :  perforated  lenticular  clay. 

5899.  Round  porphyry  saucer  with  four  projections  :  probably  a  painter's 
grinding  tablet. 

N.l? — A  number  of  alabastra,  small   vases,   &c.,  are  catalogiied  in  the  General 
Collection  ;  vide  Index,  s.v.  Salamis. 

The  provenance  of  the  Bronze  Age  objects,  labelled  '  Salamis  Collection,'  p.  53  ff. 
is  uncertain. 

VII.   AMARGETTI. 

Temenos  of  '  Opaon  Melanthios '  (Apollo),  excavated  in  1886:  vide 
Chron.  of  Excav.,  p.  2,  and  J.  H.  S.  xi.  p.  171  ff.  The  statuettes  are  of 
a  peculiarly  provincial  and  barbarous  style,  and  apparently  all  of  late  date. 
Cf.  C.  M.  3863,  and  antiquities  from  the  same  site  in  Cambridge,  Fitzw. 
Museum. 

A.    Stone  statuettes. 

5901.  Slab  of  limestone  0-22  m.  long,  0-19  high,  and  0-065  thick,  carved 
in  very  low  relief  into  three  male  standing  figures,  in  short  chitons 
which  scarcely  reach  to  the  groin.  The  background  was  cut  away 
behind  the  heads,  two  of  which  are  missing ;  the  central  one  has  a  flat 
triangular  face,  with  incised  features  :  legs  straight,  thin,  and  parallel, 
though  w'ide  apart :  right  arms  folded  across  breast,  left  hang  down 
somewhat  in  front  of  the  body,  with  fingers  clumsily  extended. 

5902.  Lower  part  of  a  single  similar  figure,  slightly  rounded  in  front 
and  behind  :  cross-hatched  lines  on  drapery.  Greatest  height,  0-115; 
breadth,  0-105;  thickness,  0-055. 

5902  a.    Similar  torso,  worked  in  the  round,  and  better  executed. 

5903.  Torso  in  chiton  and  himation  :  very  coarse  imitation  of  Hellenistic 
work :  right  arm  by  side,  slightly  thrust  forward ;  left  slightly  raised 
under  drapery.     0-15  m.  broad  at  the  elbows. 

5904.  Torso,  similarly  draped:  both  hands  by  sides:  right  holds  appa- 
rently a  round  fruit :  left  a  bunch  of  grapes. 


SPECIAL    COLLECTIONS.       VI.    SALAMIS.       VII.    AMARGETTI.    163 

5905.  Statue,  with  only  head  missing,  similarly  draped :  bare  legs 
exposed  nearly  to  the  knee :  right  arm  folded  on  breast,  hand 
drooping  :  left  thrown  forward  across  body.  A  more  advanced 
rendering  of  the  type  of  5901-5902  a;  under  Hellenistic  influences, 
but  still  very  coarse  work.  H.  0-30  to  shoulder :  breadth  across 
shoulders,  0-14  m. 

5906.  Torso,  similarly  draped,  with  legs  exposed  :  right  hand  across 
breast  in  fold  of  himation  :  left  missing :  a  long  fold  of  drapery,  or 
a  fluted  column,  passes  down  the  left  side,  H.  0-21  from  skirt  to 
shoulder:  breadth  across  knees,  0-12  m. 

5907.  Torso,  similarly  draped  :  himation  fallen  round  hips,  showing 
girdle  of  chiton  :  right  arm  missing  :  heavy  folds  of  himation  over 
left.     Breadth  across  shoulders,  0-075. 

5908.  Torso,  same  size  and  style  as  5907  :  much  decayed. 

B.  Heads  of  similar  styles  :  stone. 

5909.  Head  like  that  of  5901  :    flat  triangular  face;   features  incised 
thus  —  -^  , 

5909  a.    Similar,  smaller  :  traces  of  red  colour. 

5910.  Similar,  almost  unrecognizable  :  simply  three  holes  for  eyes  and 
mouth. 

5911.  Head  of  rough  Hellenistic  style,  like  5903-5908  :  rather  full 
boyish  features  :  long  hair  overhanging  forehead  and  falling  over 
ears.     H.  o-io  m. 

5912.  Similar  head:  hair  more  luxuriant.     H.  o-o66  m. 

C.  Terracottas. 

5913.  Head,  of  coarse  reddish  clay,  full  of  fragments  of  red  pottery : 
traces  of  cream-coloured  slip  :  hollow :  Cypriote  style  like  5802  ff. 
(Salamis),  but  ruder :  hem  of  chiton  close  above  the  broken  edge. 
!^Iuch  damaged.     H.  from  hem  of  chiton  to  root  of  nose,  o-i6  m. 

5914.  Head;  of  another  coarse  red  clay,  with  rough  white  slip:  hollow. 
Apparently  a  coarse  imitation  of  the  style  of  the  Poli  tomb- figures, 
3211  ff".     H.  from  chin  to  crown,  0-12  m. 

5915.  Bearded  (.?)  head  of  coarse  red  clay  :  solid,  flat-backed  :  very  long 
and  narrow  :  eyes  prominent :  mouth  tightly  closed  :  tall  pointed 
cap.     H.  from  chin,  0-075  ^^ 

5916.  Similar,  beardless,  almost  eff'aced.     H.  0-07  m. 

5917.  Head,  like  that  on  the  coins  of  Rhodes,  with  luxuriant  hair: 
similar  pointed  cap:  same  fabric.     H.  0-075  m. 

5918.  Torso:  'snow-man' technique:  long  arms  by  sides:  right  broken. 

D.  Doves  of  soft  limestone. 

5919.  Head  defaced.     L.  o-i6m. 

5920.  A  pair  side  by  side  :  much  damaged.     L.  0-13  m. 

E.  Inscribed  bases. 

5921.  Base  with  two  shod  feet :  right  side  broken.  L.  [0-075]  x 
B.  0-055  X  H.  0-025  m. 

OnAONI   ME[AANeiUU 

YnepeYXH[ 

J.  H.  S.  xi.  pp.  115  ff".  No.  7. 

M  2 


164 


CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 


5922.    Cylindrical  base,     D.  0-085,  II.  005  m. 

On[AONI    MeA]AN 
eiUU   APTEMIAUUPOC 

evxhN 


J.  H.  S.  No.  6. 


5023.   Right  half  of  square  base  -vsith  hemispherical  hollow.     B.  010, 
II.  0-04  m. 

IPPOS 

MEJAAN 

Ij^l 

J.  H.  S.  No.  12. 

5924.    IMoulded  plinth  of  pedestal,  much  damaged  :  section  >tc  thus  : — 
L.  010,  H.  o-o6  m. 


OnA]ON  :/[MeAANeiUU 

]A  T  0  Y  1 
€  JY  X  H  N. 

0  N[ 

5K 


Partof  J.  H.  S.  No.  10. 

F.  Architectural  fragments  found  in  the  old  Amargetti  shelf  in  the 
Museum,  but  of  doubtful  provenance  :  perhaps  from  Salamis. 

black   and  white   tesserae 


set  in  cement  containing  fragments  of  red 


5925.  Scrap  of   Roman  mosaic  pavement 
about  o-oi  m.  square, 
pottery. 

5926.  Fragment  of  slab  of  limestone  breccia  :  red,  green,  and  white. 

5927.  Similar :    breccia  of  yellowish  marble  in  red  and  green  matrix  : 
with  one  edge  rounded,  apparently  the  tread  of  a  step. 


VIII.   AMATHUS. 

Miscellaneous  stelae,  &c.,  from   excavations   for  the  British 
Museum,  1894. 

5951.  Stele  [upper  part  only]  :  flat  Cypriote  capital,  with  large  volutes, 
and  triple  triangle  between  them  :  a  low  pediment,  above,  containing 
a  disc.     PI.  VIII.  '  Amathus. 

5952.  Rectangular  slab  [left  half  only],  with  a  small  cramp-hole  in  its 
upper  edge :  moulding  above  and  below :  ornament  of  volutes  and 
triangles,  in  low  relief.     PI.  VIII.  Amathus. 

5953.  Stele,  with  very  degraded  Cypriote  capital  indicated  in  outline 
and  incised  grooves.     PI.  VIII.  Amathus. 

5954.  Stele;  rectangular,  with  plain  projecting  border.  Within,  a 
woman  seated  on  a  chair :  left  hand  rests  on  lap  and  holds  a 
flower,  right  rests  on  the  arm  of  the  chair  and  supports  her  chin : 
head  disproportionately  large,  even  for  this  style  :  hair  parted  in  the 
middle,  and  crowned  with  bay.     By  her  right  side  stands  a  very 


SPECIAL    COLLECTIONS.       VIII.    AMATHUS.       IX.    LIMNITI.      165 

small  child  in  sleeveless  chiton,  turned  slightly  towards  the  seated 
figure :  both  hands  by  sides.  Much  red  paint  on  drapery,  back- 
ground, and  border.  Local  limestone,  soft  and  coarse  :  surface  very 
much  destroyed.  Amaihtis,  282. 

5955.  Stele  [middle  part  only]  with  border :  head  of  a  woman  with  veil, 
leaning  on  left  hand :  round  neck  and  shoulders,  beneath  the  veil, 
is  a  finely  folded  wrapper.  Poor  Hellenistic  work.  Local  limestone, 
much  defaced.  Amaihtis,  124. 

6956.  Stele  [middle  part  only]  with  border:  draped  figure  with  right 
hand  by  side,  left  apparently  raised  to  head.  Same  type  as  pre- 
ceding.    Local  limestone.  Amathus,  103. 

5956  a.  Head  like  6024,  with  curly  hair,  in  high  relief:  probably  from 
a  stele. 

Painted  stelae,  almost  peculiar  to  Amathus  and  early  third 
century. 

These  stelae  are  of  the  local  limestone,  dressed  to  a  peculiar  granular 
surface.  The  fresco  painting  is  executed  on  a  thin  hard  limewash.  Five 
magnificent  portrait  paintings,  found  in  1894,  are  in  the  British  Museum; 
to  be  published  in  forthcoming  Report. 

5957.  Without  pediment;  di purple  taenia  or  sash  is  painted  across  the 
front.     Cf.  KBH.  cxvii.  3.  Amathiis,  iii. 

5958-5959.  With  pediment  and  acroteria  [upper  part  only]  :  a  red  sash, 
knotted,  with  long  ends  hanging  down.  Amathus,  109. 

5960.  Similar  [upper  part  only]  :  cornice  of  shaft  and  pediment  red  \ 
tympanum  and  akroteria  blue:  in  the  tympanum,  left  white,  a  tree, 
flanked  (.?)  by  two  animals  :  colour  still  bright  in  parts,  but  much 
defaced.  Amathus,  134. 

5961.  Similar  [entire],  with  back  left  rough  :  sash  like  5958-5959. 

Amathus,  131. 

5962.  Broader,  thinner  slab,  of  better  workmanship  [fragmentary]  :  red 
sash  :  inscription  close  below  the  cornice,  in  letters  of  late  fourth 
century.  Amathus.  190. 

AOHNAMI    MEM  4)  I///////  'A%ar[o]j  M6/i0/[rr;s] 

nOIMAXO^    HPEIPn//////  noZ/xaxoy 'H77€£p4r7?9] 

OPEnAI    HPEIPnTHI  '0/3€0-Taf 'HTreepcorr^f. 

5963.  Stele  [upper  part  only]  with  pediment  and  acroteria:  inscription 
low  down  and  mutilated,  in  letters  of  third-second  centuries. 

Amathus,  186. 

'H    (rT€px0e'i(Ta  x^^V    A^poStcrcj;   ovvfKa  Tipnvrjs 

AlfMvXirjs   ieprjv   rrjvdf   XfXoyxn  Kovtv, 
'OKTuerii,   yoepas   obvvas  roK((a\(Tji  Xinovaa., 

Qv  'Acdrjs  ov8>]   ^aiov  (ni(JTpe<peTai, 
'AXXa   napcov   finas,  "  'AcppoSicrir}   eiix^p^,   X'"-P^' 
"...    yiVKjaipwv   f^avv(Tais " 


IX.   LIMNITI? 

The  following  are  of  a  peculiar  dark  red  terracotta,  and  are  probably 
from  the  excavation  of  1888  (v.  p.  8):  cf,  a  bearded  head,  and  two 
fragments  like  5253  in  Fitzw.  Mus. :  and  C.  M.  Bronzes  3851-3856. 


1 66  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

5981-5982.  Female  heads  in  the  finest  fiflh-fourth  century  Cypriote 
style,  under  Greek  influence  :  more  than  life-size :  traces  of  flesh- 
coloured  slip;  one  has  the  eyes  painted  white,  with  red  pupils 
outlined  in  black  :  eyebrows  and  hair  black  :  ears  entirely  filled  with 
large  spiral  earrings :  high  stephane  with  friezes  of  ornament — 
(i)  ivy  spray,  (2)  rosettes,  added  in  relief,  (3)  a  row  of  pendants 
below, 

5983.  Head  of  Cypriote  style  with  thin  lips,  and  a  nose-ring  in  the 
central  septum  of  the  nose :  necklace  of  discoidal  beads  added  in 
relief,  with  traces  of  blue  or  green  paint. 

5984.  Two  female  heads  with  high  polos  :  terracotta,  moulded,  flat- 
backed. 

X.    VITSADA. 

Sculptures  confiscated  by  the  Cyprus  Government  from  the  villagers, 
1893.  The  style  is  Hellenistic,  probably  tjiird  century;  very  uniform, 
characteristic,  and  uncommonly  pure  for  Cyprus.  Cf.  statuettes  in  Brit. 
Mus.  from  Pyla. 

5991.  Oblong  altar  of  native  limestone :  flat  top,  simple  plinth  and 
cornice;  figures  on  three  sides  in  high  relief.  H.  0-09,  B.  0-51, 
L.  loi. 

Right  end:  the  back  half  is  left  blank. 

(i)  Hermes,  full  face  in  long  chiton:  caduceus  held  upwards  in 
left  hand  :  petasos  slung  behind  right  shoulder :  hair  wavy,  in  fillet. 

Front  froTH  right  to  left. 

(2)  Quadriga  with  solid  (wooden)  wheels  strengthened  with  cross- 
bars :  diminutive  horses  like  those  of  the  early  native  terracotta 
chariots;  cf.  6000  ff.  {Tarnassos). 

(3)  The  upper  part  of  the  driver  is  much  damaged,  but  he  seems 
to  hold 

(4)  A  lifeless  figure  over  his  left  shoulder.    ^"^  "  ^  '    ^ 
Behind  the  chariot  comes — 

(5)  Artemis  in  profile  to  right  in  long  chiton.  Head  and  upper 
part  of  body  much  damaged  :  right  arm,  with  bracelet,  extended 
from  the  elbow,  apparently  to  support  the  head  of  the  lifeless  figure 
before  her ;  left  foot  crossed  in  front  of  right. 

(6)  A  fawn,  seen  from  in  front,  stands  at  her  feet  and  looks  up 
at  her. 

(7)  Next  comes  another  female  figure,  nearly  full  face,  in  similar 
chiton  :  youthful  head  with  hair  in  four  rolls  from  back  to  front, 
looking  slightly  downwards  and  to  her  left  :  upper  part  of  body 
much  damaged  :  right  hand  on  hip  with  elbow  slightly  bent  :  left 
knee  bent,  and  shod  foot  slightly  drawn  back. 

(8)  Then  Demeter,  full  face,  in  similar  chiton,  with  wavy  hair 
crowned  by  high  polos  with  three  large  rosettes :  veil  over  all  falling 
behind  :  right  hand,  on  a  level  with  forehead,  grasps  a  tall  sceptre  : 
body  damaged :  shod  left  foot  drawn  back  like  that  of  last  figure. 

(9)  Then  another  female  figure,  full  face,  in  similar  chiton,  and 
himation  draped  round  the  hips:  hair  parted  in  the  middle  and 
confined  by  a  fillet :  a  long  twisted  lock  falls  in  front  of  each 
shoulder  :  -foot  drawn  back  as  before,  but  sandalled  instead  of  shod. 


SPECIAL    COLLECTIONS.       X.    VITSADA.       XL    TAMASSOS.        167 

Left  end :  the  back  half  is  left  blank. 

(10)  Athena,  nearly  full  face,  turned  slightly  to  her  left.  Helmet 
with  three  high  crests  and  neck-plate  behind :  two  long  twisted 
locks  fall  in  front  of  her  right  shoulder  nearly  to  waist :  long  chiton 
with  diplois  girt  below  the  breasts  :  Gorgoneion  suspended  on  breast 
by  a  necklace  :  right  hand,  level  with  helmet,  grasps  a  spear ;  left, 
by  side,  rests  on  round  convex  shield,  below  which  is  the  owl  much 
mutilated. 

5992.  Female  standing  figure :  half  life-size  :  back  only  roughly  worked. 
The  long  sleeveless  chiton  is  very  full  and  deeply  pleated,  and 
confined  by  a  narrow  girdle  tied  in  front :  himation  over  left 
shoulder  and  round  hip :  simple  earrings,  necklace,  and  bracelets  : 
feet  shod :  the  right  arm  hangs  freely  by  the  side :  left,  bent  at 
the  elbow,  holds  an  apple  coloured  red  :  right  knee  slightly  bent. 
Face  and  figure  youthful :  short  wavy  hair  under  a  fillet,  gathered  in 
a  long  plait  behind.  The  type  slightly  recalls  that  of  the  child-head 
from  Paphos  (J.  H.  S.  ix.  PI.  x),  but  the  features  are  more  developed 
and  the  expression  serious  and  dignified.  Fine  hard  native  lime- 
stone. 

5993.  Same  style  and  type:  but  left  knee  bent,  feet  sandalled,  hair 
longer  and  more  curly,  left  arm  mutilated. 

5994.  Colossal  female  figure  of  the  same  type  [head  and  arms  missing]  : 
three  wavy  curls  fall  on  each  shoulder :  the  figure  is  more  mature : 
the  chiton  very  deeply  pleated  :  the  feet  are  sandalled :  right  hand 
held  folds  of  himation  :  left  arm  [broken]  extended  outwards. 

5995.  Male  figure  in  same  style,  but  coarser  material,  less  finely  cut, 
and  more  damaged :  same  pose:  the  right  knee  is  bent  and  the  weight 
is  thrown  more  completely  on  the  right  leg :  chiton  reaching  just 
below  the  knee,  showing  half  boots  with  side  tags,  coloured  red  : 
right  hand  holds  (.?)  flower  :    [head  missing]. 

5996.  Similar  male  figure  [feet  broken  at  knee]  :  right  hand,  by  side, 
holds  pyxis  :  left,  across  breast,  holds  folds  of  himation  falling  from 
left  shoulder.  Cf.  pose  of  5054  (Voni):  poorer  work  and  more 
damaged. 

5997.  Female  figure,  Hfe-size,  with  mature  figure  similarly  draped,  but 
with  veil  over  [missing]  head,  seated  on  a  throne  with  columnar  feet : 
right  hand  in  lap :  left  elbow  leans  on  the  arm  of  the  throne :  left 
hand  seems  to  draw  forward  the  veil :  feet  shod  :  same  style  as 
above,  but  more  damaged. 

XL    TAMASSOS  {Frangissa). 
A.    Chariots  and  horses. 

(a)  Stone. 
6000.  Quadriga  with  flat  front,  breast  high,  and  narrow  foot-board  divideil 
into  two  compartments,  open  behnid  [wheels  missing].  Three  of 
the  horses  are  preserved :  with  rather  long  slender  bodies :  heads 
like  early  fifth-century  work  wiih  stiff  manes.  One  of  the  manes 
[missing]  was  added  as  a  separate  piece.  Driver  in  pointed  helmet, 
long  chiton,  and  himation  hanging  from  left  shoulder :  left  arm  by 
side,  right  in  fold  of  himation  across  breast :  [head  and  feet  missing]. 
Soft  limestone,  very  much  weathered. 


1 68  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

(0)  Terracotta  :  '  snoiv-man'  technique.     Cf.  Ileuzey,  PI.  x.  2. 
6001.    Quadriga :  axle  as  broad  as  tlie  team  :  car  only  holds  the  driver. 

\\.  013. 
6002-6003.    Warrior  wiih  helmet  and  shield  behind  helmeled  driver  : 

both  bearded.     II.  o-i58-o-i57. 

6004.  Broad  car :  warriors  abreast,  on  left  in  low  cap,  on  right  in 
pointed  helmet.     H.  0-167. 

6005.  Like  6002  :  figures  broken  :  chariot  door  shown  behind.  H. 
0-142. 

6006-6008.    Horses  from  quadrigae.    11.  0128  0125.         6007.   Two 

to,i;elher. 
6009-6011.    Larger   horses  with    collar   and   neckband   of  yoke.     II. 

0.83-0-77-0-23. 

6012.  Horseman:  'snow-man'  technique.  Cf.  3317,  and  5562  {Kame- 
larga);  Heuzey,  PI.  x.  2. 

6013.  Horseman  in  stone. 

B.  Statues  of  deity  or  votary  in  native  style ;    colossal,  life- 
size,  or  smaller :   all  male. 

a.   Terracotta:  moulded:  hollow. 

6014.  Upper  half  of  life-size  bearded  male  statue  :  narrow  fringe  of  hair 
under  crown  of  bay  leaves  :  broad  wedge-shaped  beard  ;  hair  indi- 
cated by  rows  of  incised  dashes :  foldless  chiton  and  himalion 
hanging  from  left  shoulder  :  right  hand  across  breast  in  folds  of 
himation,  fingers  half  closed,  thumb  raised  ;  left  by  side.     H.  0-097. 

6015-6017-6018.    Heads,  similar  and  rougher;    much  damaged.     II. 

0-2II. 

6016.  Colossal  male  bearded  statue :  head  in  round  headdress  like  a 
turban :  features  of  archaic  Cypriote  type.  Body  very  simply 
modelled :  one  arm  bent.  The  lower  part  of  the  body  made  in 
a  separate  piece  :  was  formerly  nearly  complete,  but  is  now  too  frag- 
mentary to  be  reconstructed  :    only  the  bare  feet  are  preserved. 

6019.  Head  of  Hellenistic  style,  not  unlike  that  of  PoH  (32 11  ff.) :  beard 
represented  as  cropped  close,  and  indicated  by  mere  scratched  lines 
on  the  face  :  eyes  fully  open  :  iris  and  pupil  incised  :  nose  straight, 
prominent,  and  sharply  pointed  :  hair  drawn  back  under  crown 
of  bay. 

6020.  Head  of  Cypriote  style,  but  showing  same  type  of  features :  nose 
slightly  upturned  :  chin  prominent :  ears  large  and  set  low  :  hair  in 
row  of  curls  under  crown  of  bay.     H.  0-241. 

6020  a.    Small  solid  terracotta  head  of  similar  type.     H.  0-189. 
6021-6022.    Heads  like  6020  :  fragmentary.  6021.  H.  0-107. 

6023.  Head  with  strongly  set  features:  face  very  broad,  with  short  broad 
curly  beard  :  crown  of  bay  on  the  hair :  naturalistic  work  on  Hellen- 
istic model.     H.  0-139. 

6024.  Head  of  dark  clay  [damaged]  :  eyes  wide  open  :  nose  and  corners 
of  mouth  drawn  down  with  melancholy  expression  :  there  is  no 
beard,  but  the  heavy  upper  lip  perhaps  indicates  a  moustache. 
Hellenistic  style.     H.  0-143. 

6025.  Nude  male  figure  of  Cypriote  style,  very  coarsely  modelled.  A 
row  of  corkscrew  curls  over  forehead  :  right  raised,  jjalm  outward 
in  benedictory  attitude  :  left  proffers  a  patera  with  a  fruit ;  feet 
missing,  but  tops  of  boots  left  with  tags  in  front.     H.  0-27. 


SPECIAL    COLLECTIONS.       XI.    TAMASSOS.  169 

6025  a.    Similar  head,  rather  better  work.     H.  0-105. 

6027-6033.     Beardless   heads   in  peaked   helmet  ending  in  a  knob ; 

mass  of  hair  behind  neck.     Cypriote  style. 
6034.    The  cap  has  a  ridge  from  border  to  crown  over  each  temple. 

U.  0.308. 
6035-6036.    The  cap  has  no  knob,  and  shows  the  hair  :  wreath  over  it. 

H.  0215. 
6037-6039.  With  wreath  over  hair:  cf.  preceding  type.    H.  o-i55-o-i  14. 
6040.    Torso  :    in  foldless  chiton  :    himation  under  right  shoulder  and 

over  left :  arms  free  by  sides,     H.  0-096. 
6041-6042.    Head  and  shoulder  only.        6042.  Round  cap  :  enormous 

ears.     H.  0-195. 
6043.    Shoulder  of  a  similar  figure.     H.  0-288. 
6044-6048.    Similar  heads.         6044.    H.  o-i6i. 

6049.  Male  statuette,  one-third  life-size :  fringe  of  corkscrew  curls  under 
pointed  cap  as  above :  sleeved  foldless  chiton :  right  arm  across 
breast,  left  by  side. 

6050.  Male  statue  [lower  part],  half  life-size,  in  tight  drawers,  with  four 
creases  indicated  :  a  ring  in  relief  over  the  navel  :  feet  bare  :  both 
hands  by  sides.     H.  0-082. 

6051-6052.  Part  of  breast  with  elaborate  pendant;  cf.  KBH.  ccx.  12- 
14  :  right  hand  slung  in  chiton. 

6053-6055.  Fragments  of  drapery  near  waist.  H.  0-175.  6054.  Has 
winged  disc  over  navel. 

6056-6057.  Figure  [lower  part]  in  tightly  wrapped  himation  :  knees 
slightly  bent ;  collar  and  pin-holes  for  attachment  of  upper  half:  half 
life-size.  6057.   Feet  of  similar  statue. 

6058-6060.    Fragments  of  nude  figures. 

6061-6063.  Legs  and  feet.  6061.  Colossal.  6062-6063.  San- 
dalled. 

6067.    Corkscrew  curls  and  diadem  with  quatrefoils  in  relief. 

6068-6069.    Faces. 

6070.  Right  hand  holding  quadruped. 

6071.  Dove  like  3261  ft'. 

6072.  Top  of  sacred  tree:  cf.  5305  ff".  {Khytroi).     H.  0-085. 

6073.  Right  arm  from  elbow,  in  tight  sleeve,  with  socket  perforated  for 
insertion:  fingers  closed,  thumb  extended:  cf.  6014.     H.  0-142. 

b.  Stone,     (a)  Egyptian  style. 

6074-6077.    Same   type    as  5003-5004   {Votii).  6077.    Cf.   5573 

{Kamelarga).     H.  0-393. 
6079-6082-6085.    Heads  of  similar.     H.  0-167-0-124. 

(p)  Archaic  Greek  style. 

6083.  Hair  in  mass  on  back  of  neck :  broad  stephane  (cf.  terracotta 
type)  with  rosettes  :  armlet  on  both  arms,  both  hands  by  sides  [lower 
part  missing].     H.  0-355. 

6084.  Bearded  head,  nearly  life-size  :  low  forehead  with  row  of  small 
curls,  and  flat  pointed  headdress  falling  on  shoulders  behind  :  nose 
straight  and  prominent :  cheek-bones  high  :  lips  rather  thick  : 
moustache  and  beard  roughly  blocked  out  and  tooled ;  e3'ebrows 
indicated  by  '  feather-pattern.'  The  features  recall  those  of  early 
Boeotian  statues  of  Apollo. 


lyo  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

(y)  Hellenistic  style. 

6087-  Bearded  head:  hnir  in  curls  under  wreath:  beard  and  moustache 
in  rather  formal  curls :  flat-backed,  but  hair  represented  in  a  flat 
mass  on  back  of  neck,  parted  in  the  middle,  coloured  red.  PI.  0-133. 

6088.    Torso,  widi  himalion  indicated  by  shallow  lines.      H.  0-436. 

6089-6091.    Beardless  heads  about  half  life-size.     Hellenistic  style. 

C.  Figures   with   bird,   pyxis,    and   lustral  spray :    cf.  types 
from  Voni. 

6092.    Bird  in  left  hand  :    right  holds  long  spray  upwards  :    w-reath  on 

head.     11.  0-498. 
6093-6097.    Bird  in   left,  and  pyxis   in  right:    cp.  5020  {Voni).     H. 

0-534-0-313- 

6098.  Bird  in  left,  and  spray  in  right  :  left  knee  bent. 

6099.  Left  hand  of  half  life-size  statue  grasping  a  bird  :  good  Hellenistic 
work:  cf  5045  {Voni). 

6100.  Left  grasps  himation  :  spray  in  right.     H.  0-305. 

6101.  Life-size:  right  hand  holding  spray.     H.  0-216. 

6102-6104.    Left    carries    a    heap   of  fruit    in    fold    of  himation.      H. 

0426-0-20. 
6105-6106.    Left  holds  pyxis  :  right  bent  at  elbow.         6106.  H.  0-495. 
6107-6108.    Kid  perched  upon  left  hand  ;  ludicrously  foreshortened.    Cf. 

Artemis-types  from  Dalim  Brit.  INIus.     H.  0-27-0-26. 
6109.    Right  hand  two-thirds  life-size  :    support  projecting  from  back. 

H.  0-313. 
6110-6111.    Lower   part    of   statue   in    transparent   drapery :    left    foot 

advanced.     H.  0-44.         6111.  Torso  :  cf.  5572  {Kamelarga). 

6113.  Feet  of  draped  statue.     H.  0-126. 

6114.  Foldlcss  chiton  girt  at  the  waist  under  folded  diplois  :  left  arm  by 
side.     [Torso.] 

6115.  Short  chiton  to  knee :  girt  at  waist :  girdle  ends  hang  down  in 
front.     [Torso.]      H.  0-174. 

D.  Herakles.     Cf.  5136  ff.  (F^«/). 

6116.  In  chiton  to  knee  :  lion's  skin  on  head:  fore  paws  tied  on  breast, 
lower  part  girt  round  loins  :  right  hand  extended  sideways  above 
shoulder,  left  by  side  holds,  by  the  scalp,  a  lion  which  tries  to  climb 
up  his  thigh  :  features  like  6098  ;  cf.  sp.  Dali  (Brit.  Mus.).    H.  0-409. 

6117.  Rather  more  archaic  style  :  half  life-size.    [Head  only.  ]    H.  0-185. 

6118.  Torso,  nude :  lion's  skin  tied  over  breast  and  falling  behind : 
right  hangs  by  side,  left  clasps  a  book  or  tablet.     H.  0-207. 

E.  Temple-boys:  cf.  51  n  {Voni). 

6119-6126  a.  All  in  flat  caps:  heads  only,  except  21 12,  a  standing 
figure  broken  at  the  knees  :  right  hand  by  side,  left  holds  dove. 

6119.  H.  0-109.  6127  ff.  Vide  below,  G.  Miscellaneous. 

F.  Priests  or  worshippers,  flat-backed. 

6156-6157.    Right  hand  by  side,  left  grasps  fold  of  himation  falling  from 

left  slioulder.  6156.     H.  0-045. 

6158-6159.    Right  arm  slung  in  fold  of  himation,  left  by  side:   cf.  5061 

(  Voni). 


SPECIAL  COLLECTIONS.    XI.  TAMASSOS.     XII.  KATYDATA,  ETC.     I71 

6160.  Left  grasps  fold  from  right  shoulder,  right  holds  pyxis  :  cf.  5054 
{Vom).     H.  0-475. 

6161.  Left  raised  under  fold  of  himation,  right  lifts  drapery.     H.  0-366. 

G.    Miscellaneous. 

6162.  Heavily  draped  figure  seated  on  throne  with  an  animal  on  each 
side  [head  missing]. 

6163-6164.  Sphinx  with  curled  wing  :  stephane  over  rows  of  curls,  under 
which  fall  long  plaits  on  shoulders.  6163.  H.  o-io6.  KBH.  cxcvii. 
4;  cf.  id.  5  {Athienti)  ;  and  C.  AL  5070-5071  {Vo?ti). 

6168.  Sphinx  :  breast  covered  with  scale-like  feathers,  painted  alternately 
red  and  blue  :  broad  mass  of  hair  on  shoulders,  treated  in  square 
blocks.     [Head,  feet,  and  wings  missing.]     H.  about  i  m. 

6165.  Square  base  with  plain  plinth  and  cornice  :  limestone.     H.  0-075. 

6166.  Low  cylindrical  base  of  clouded  white  marble  :  oval  sockets. 
H.  0-047. 

6167.  Fragments  of  limestone  base. 


*o' 


6127-6128.   Heads  in  pointed  caps  of  style  like  6075  fF.,  but  of  more 

advanced  work,  and  with   a  wreath   over   the  cap,   and  the   hair 

showing  under  it.  6127.    H.  0-113. 

6129-6153.    Heads  of  more  or  less  Hellenistic  work :   rows  of  curls  on 

forehead  under  wreath.         6152-6153.    Cp.  5093  ff.  {Vom).     H. 

0-167-0-036. 

6154.  Face  only  :  life-size  :  cf.  the  large  statue  (5054)  from  Voni :  nearly 
pure  Hellenistic  style. 

6155.  Head  two-thirds  life-size :  upper  part  broken  :  iv^i'fe  inarlk  : 
good  Hellenistic  work.     H.  0-108. 

6155  a.  Similar  head,  less  freely  worked :  wavy  hair  with  wreath : 
limestone:  cf.  Voni.     H.  0-099. 

XIL   MISCELLANEOUS:   KATYDATA;   LARNAKA ;   POLL 

6201.  Stele  of  native  limestone  with  pediment  and  acroteria :  in  a  deeply 
recessed  panel,  the  figure  in  high  relief  of  a  boy,  full  face,  nude, 
kneeling  on  left  knee  :  right  hand,  by  knee,  holds  sword  ;  left  hand 
[missing]  raised  sideways  above  the  head  :  i.  e.  '  fallen  warrior '  pose. 
Hellenistic  work.     J.  H.  S.  xii.  p.  319,  fig.  4.     Po/i,  M.  58. 

6203.  Stele,  fragmentary  :  rosette  ornament.  ?  P0/2. 

6204.  Cornice  of  an  altar.?  painted.    J.  H.  S.  xii.  p.  324,  fig.  5.  Poli,  INL  68. 

6205.  Cippus  with  inscription  in  late  characters — 

HCYXi:;  I  XPH  I  CTE   XEPE  (xn-pf!)  Katydata. 

6207.    Cippus  with  inscription  HPHCIANe  |  XPHCTC  |  XAIPe. 

6211.  Female  figure,  fully  draped,  in  girt  chiton  with  mantle  drawn  over 
the  head  as  a  veil:  cf.  5955  {Aiiiathus,  124)  and  631 1  {Idalion): 
right  elbow  slung  in  fold  of  drapery  :  right  hand  draws  forward  the 
left  side  of  the  veil  :  left,  concealed  in  folds  of  drapery,  thrown  a  little 
back  and  holding  .?  distaff.  Hellenistic  model  of  features  :  lips  rather 
full :  wavy  hair  parted  in  the  middle :  large  pendant  earrings.  By 
her  right  knee  a  small  child  in  same  pose,  wearing  chiton  and 
himation,  and  petasos  slung  behind  the  head  :  left  knee  slightly  bent. 

6212.  Sleeping  Eros  of  white  marble,  like  Parian ;  nude,  reclining  on 
drapery  on  left  side  :  right  arm  thrown  across  the  body  :  left  supports 


172  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

head,  and  holds  a  torch  ?  [mutilated] :  eyes  closed,  lips  parted  in 
a  slight  smile  :  hair  short,  wavy,  and  freely  treated  :  [feet  missing]. 
Fourih-third  century  Hellenistic  work.  Confiscated  by  the  Cyprus 
Government,  and  presented  by  Air.  H.  Thompson,  Commissioner  of 
Taphos  (Chroniques,  p.  171).  L.  0-567  m.,  H.  0-262  m.  KBH. 
cxcviii.  2.  Nea  Paphos  {Papho). 

6213.    Eros  of  native  limestone.  Dali. 

Cypriote  Inscriptions  from   Marion- Arsinoe  {Poli). 

6221.  Lion  of  limestone  seated  on  a  low  basis,  along  which  is  the 
Cypriote  inscription.    Meister,  Or.  Dialekte,  ii.  pp.  173-4,  No.  25  b. 

l^oH,  117,  I. 
ti .  mo  .ku.po.ro.se.  |  o.ti  .mo.ke.  re  .  te  .  o  .'se  .  |  e.  pe  .se  .  ta  .  se  .  |  ki  .li  .ka  .vi. 
TifjioKvirpos  6  TtfiOHfiiTfos  iniaraaf  ri\{\)iKafi 

I  to  .  i .  ka  .  si .  ke .  ne  .  to  .  i. 
TWi   KaaiyvriTWi. 

6222.  Limestone  block  with  Cypriote  inscription.  Meister,  2  5f.  Po/i,gg,ll. 
a  .  ri .  si .  to  .  kn  .  pa  .  ra  .  se  .  (J  e  .  ir.i .  |  e  .  se  .  ta  .  sc  .  |  a .  ri .  si .  |(  to  .  se 

'  Apia  TOKiin  pas  ■^p.l      •         iCiraai  "ApitTToi 

6223.  Similar :  characters  painted  blue,  between  ruled  lines.  Meister, 
25  i.  ^  Poh',  32,  L 

a  .  ra  .  1 1  ti  .  i  dpa  Ait 

6224.  Similar:  much  damaged.     Meister,  25 1.  Po/i,  71,!. 

Il  te  .  ? .  ti .  a .  se  II  o  .  na .  ? .  ti .  mi .  (?  Ovalm^eepu.) 

6225.  Similar,  both  edges  broken  :  characters  alternately  red  and  blue. 
Meister,  25  n.  Poii,  18,  III. 

ni .  ka .  |  po .  ro  .  ti .  vo  .  se  .  ||  e  .  mi. 
Ni'/ca  npwTifos  fjp.i 

6226.  Similar.     Meister,  250.  Po/i,  19,  III. 
pu  .  nu  .  ti .  la .  se .  j  e  .  mi .  ||  ta  .  se  j  pu  .  nu  .  ta  .  ko  .  ra  .  u  [  pa  .  i .  ||  to  .  se 

nvvTi\(\)as  fipX  ras  ni'VTayupav  irat     56s 

6227.  Similar:  much  defaced.     Meister,  25  p.  Po/i,  30,  III. 

te  .  mi .  si .  to .  ku  .  pa  .  ra  .  se  .  II  .?.?.?.?.?.  ke. 
QepiaTOKVTTpas  

6228.  Similar:  much  defaced:  perhaps  Meister,  25  q.        /*o//,  31,  III. 

ti .  mo  .  se  .  |  ti .  ||  ma  .  ko  .  ra  .  u  .  ||  pa.  i .  se.  |  e  .  ||  mi. 
iTp-os         1i  pajupav  irat?  ti  pi 

Phoenician    Inscriptions    from    the    excavations  at    Larnaka 
(Turabi),  1894.     Cf.  pp.  178-9. 

6231.  Stele  with  pediment :  limestone :  below  the  cornice  is  the 
Phoenician  inscription  in  letters  of  iv-iii  cent. :  below  this  the 
incised  outline  of  a  chariot  (?)  ;  mutilated  below.  Left  in  1894  in 
charge  of  the  Commissioner  of  Larnaka :  published  by  Rev. 
G.  A.  Cooke,  Academj,  1237  (Jan.  18,  1894) :  cf.  J.  H.  S.  xvii.  p.  172. 

Larnaka  {Turabi),  189-1. 

'  To  ' Abd-ashtar,  son  of  Eshniun, 
The  chariot- smith  :  he  made  this  ..." 

6232.  Fragment  of  the  right  edge  of  a  marble  stele :  Phoenician 
inscription  of  iv-iii  cent.:  left,  and  published  with  6231. 

Larnaka  {Turabi),  1894. 
....  'yiZ^h        '  To  Shamar-lbaal?    Cf.  C.  I.  S.  384. 
Tn^VD  this  pillar 

,  ,  s  ,xh        ^°  ^'"^"^ 

Idalion  :    objects  from  the  excavations  of  1894. 
6300  ff.  Vide  p.  159-60. 


TOMB   GROUPS 

FROM   VARIOUS    EXCAVATIONS. 


The  following  Tomb  Groups  serve  not  only  to  relieve  the  Type 
Collection  of  a  number  of  varieties  and  important  duplicates,  but  also 
as  a  commentary  upon  it,  and  as  visible  evidence  of  the  chronological 
statements.  It  is  unfortunate  that  a  large  number  of  the  original  groups 
from  Poll  have  been  formerly  scattered,  and  in  part  sold  as  duplicates, 
and  that  the  Tamassos  Collection  has  suffered  even  more  severely;  as  the 
tendency  to  local  variation  in  Cypriote  art  makes  every  scrap  of  material 
most  valuable  when  it  comes  from  a  new  locality.  This  destruction  of 
Tomb  Groups  explains  the  predominance  of  groups  from  the  excavations 
of  1894  and  subsequent  years. 

The  Index  further  collects,  under  their  original  Tomb  Groups,  all  the 
objects  included  in  the  Type  Collections,  of  which  the  exact  provenance 
is  known. 

MARION-ARSINOE  (POL/). 

The  following  Tomb  Groups  have  been  preserved  together,  to  illustrate 
the  collocation  of  Graeco-Phoenician  with  Attic  vases :  many  purely 
Graeco-Phoenician  Tomb  Groups  may  however  be  reconstructed  with  the 
help  of  the  Index,  s.v.  For  an  account  of  the  excavations  at  Poll,  vide 
Chronicle  of  Excavations,  p.  9. 

26,  I.    A//tc  red-figured   vases    1681,    1703,    1706,    1714,   1733,  ^752- 

^753'  1764,  1791-1793,  1796:  black-glazed  ware  like  1865.  Graffiti 
1714,  1792-1793,  1912,  1934-1943. 
Graeco-Photnician  pottery  like  1080:  1285*,  1313*,  and  similar 
fragments:  2091*;  and  an  oenochoe  of  plain  white  clay.  Terra- 
cottas 3232,  3256,  3277.  Bronzes  3506*,  3512  (two  spp.),  3539*. 
3535.  3653*.  3701  ff-,  3738.  3751  ff-  Iron  sword-blade  3913*.  Knives 
like  3901  ff.     Arrow-heads  like  3934.     Nails  like  3935.     Jewellery 

4144,  4343- 

27,  II.    Attic  red-figured  black-glazed  vases  1600,  1655,  1680,  171 3, 

1721,  1727.     Graffiti  1947-1951. 
Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  like  1019,  1023,  1079,  1271*,  I276*-I277*, 
1301*,  131 1*.    Red-ware  jug  with  nearly  cylindrical  body  and  wide 
lip :  large  plain  oenochoe.    Two  Graeco-Phoenician  lamps.    Seated 
terracotta  figure  3231.     Bronze  mirror  of  type  B.  a. 


174  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

106,11.  Allic  red-figured  vases  1602,  1683:  black-glazed  ware  1807, 
1891,  and  like  1803. 
Graeco-P/iocnh'iati  'poltery  917  :  like  901  a-c,  1023,  1087,  1205,  1222. 
1225,  1 252-1 260,  and  specimens  of  coloured  slip  ware  II.  2.  « 
(p.  60).  Lamp  like  1303.  Alabastos.  Terracottas  3132,  like 
3144,  3156,  3284.     Bronze  mirror.     Jewellery  4588. 

117,  I.  Afiic  red-figured  vases  1610,  1672,  1728:  black-glazed  ware 
like  1803. 
Graeco-FlioeniciaJi  pottery  like  1026  ff.,  1291*  (and  a  similar  fragment). 
Variegated  glass  2501*.  Stone  imitation  of  an  alabast«s  2422. 
Terracottas  3045,  3047,  3200,  3294,  3361.  Bronze  coflin-bindings 
like  3631  flf.     Stone  lion  with  Cypriote  inscription  6221. 

216,  II.    Attic  black-figured  vases  1541,  1557, 1578,  1579,  "608  :  black- 
glazed  ware  like  1825. 
Graeco-Phoe7iicia7i  pottery  like  1021,  1022.     Jewellery  4009  b. 

218,  II.  Attic  black-figured  kylix.  1550.    Glass,  cf.  2584,  2759.    Pseudo- 
Samian  jog,  cf.  2101.     Alabastron. 

239,  II.    Attic  black-figured  vases  1 560-1 561,  1 580-1 581  :    red-figured 
vases  1668,  1739.     Grafllilo  1975. 
Graeco-Phoeinciaii  pottery  1 204-1 207,  1209.     Specimens  of  local  red 
ware,  and  a  plain  coarse  oenochoe.     Bronze  candelabrum   3617. 
Jewellery  4168. 

PAPHOS  {KUKLIA). 

The  following  Tomb  Groups  from  the  Cyprus  Exploration  Fund 
excavations  of  1888  seem  to  be  among  those  thus  described  (J.  H.  S. 
ix.  p.  160,  cf.  170): 

'  Higher  up  the  ravine  we  obtained  pottery  of  an  older  class,  among  it  a  bowl  rudely 
painted  with  fish  and  stars  ',  but  unhappily  broken  into  nearly  forty  pieces :  traces 
also  were  found  of  the  aTovrniwra,  as  the  native  digger  calls  them,  i.  e.  vases  with 
false  mouth:  usually  classed  among  "Mycenae"  ware^.  The  general  date  of  this 
necropolis,  however,  seemed  to  be  not  earlier  than  the  second  century  B.C.,  and  it  was 
probably  used  by  the  poorer  Paphians.' 

It  is  matter  for  much  regret  that  it  has  not  been  possible  to  recover  from 
the  original  excavators  any  more  definite  information  than  the  passage 
here  quoted,  with  regard  to  vases  which,  if  they  are  really  part  of  the 
same  Tomb  Groups,  as  the  register-marks  indicate,  are  of  the  first  impor- 
tance as  evidence  for  the  co-existence  of  sub-Mykenaean  forms  with  fully 
developed  early  Gracco-Phoenician  pottery. 

In  default  of  exact  information,  it  has  seemed  better  to  distribute  the 
vases  in  the  Type  Collection,  where  they  are  of  considerable  value,  and 
to  register  them  here,  and  in  the  Index  under  the  tomb-numbers  which 
they  bear. 

Kuklia  6.    Sub-lNIykenaean  pottery  436,  439,  447,  1131. 

Kuklia  12.    Sub-Mykenaean  and  early  Gracco-Phoenician  pottery  448, 

449>  923.  94i>  943.  954,  962  a,  (cf.  971)  972-973>  975-976,  1029, 
1040-1042,   1113,    1118,    1123  a,    1124,   1128,    1130  a-d,    1143, 
1 162-1 163. 
Kuklia  21.    Early  Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  935,  992,  11 14. 

'  Probably  the  fine  red-ware  fragments  in  Ashmolean  Museum,  Oxford  (V.  70). 
'  C.  M.  436,  and  specimens  in  Ashmolean  Museum,  Oxford  (V.  6). 


TOMB    GROUPS    FROM    VARIOUS    EXCAVATIONS.  1 75 

SALAMI  S  {EN KOMI). 

A  large  Roman  tomb  was  excavated  by  the  Cyprus  Museum  in 
December,  1881,  near  Enkomi  villa2;e,  about  two  miles  NW,  of  Fama- 
gusta.  Its  dimensions  were  11'  4"  length,  by  9'  \"  breadth,  by  3'  8" 
height.  It  contained  nine  chambers,  in  four  of  which  were  sarcophagi ; 
viz.  in  three  of  those  on  the  S.  side,  and  in  the  one  at  the  NE.  corner. 
Most  of  the  objects  were  found  in  the  earth  which  covered  the  floor :  but 
the  gold  earrings,  and  myrtle  leaves,  the  silver  ring,  and  the  bronze 
objects  were  found  in  the  sarcophagi.  The  contents  of  this  tomb  are 
exhibited  together,  as  an  example  of  the  mode  of  burial  at  that  period. 
One  skull  was  found  whole,  and  is  in  the  same  case. 

Hellenislic  Pottery  2028  ff.,   2041*  (wine  amphorae),  2061  ff.,   2084  ff., 

2126,  2127:    eighteen  lamps  of  various  types:    local  imitations  of 

'  Samian '  ware. 
Glass.     More  than  thirty  bottles,  and  two  tumblers,  of  various  types :  two 

of  deep  blue  glass  like  2802  ff. 
Bronze.  Mirror  of  type  B.  S  :  vase  handle  :  ring  :  dipping  rod  like  3737  ff.: 

square  plate  of  bronze  o-ii5xo-io8x  0-004  ™-  Three  illegible  bronze 

coins. 
Iron  strigil :  large  pearly  shell. 
Javellery.     Gold  earrings  of  types  ^  and  i:    leaves  of  gold  like  4341-3  : 

silver  ring  with  oval  carbuncle-paste  en  cabochon. 


LIMASSOL. 

The  following  document,  much  worm-eaten,  is  all  that  remains  of  any 
record  of  the  tombs  opened  bj^^  Government  labourers  in  1883.  Cf. 
Reinach.  Chroniques  d'Orient,  i.  p.  199.  (Restorations  and  notes  in  square 
brackets.) 

Found  in  tombs  near  Commissiojier  &  house,  Limassol. 

Bronze  fibula.     [C.  M.  4822-4] 

„       surgical  instrument  with  bifurcated  ends.     [CM.  3749.] 

,,      disk  :  armilla,  portions  of. 

,,       chain,  do. :  coin. 
Ter[ra  c]otta  vase  of  yellow  clay  painted  with  an[imals?]  in  red.     [C.  M.  1501.] 
Rom[a"ln  lamp  ;  on  it  a  Gladiator.     [?  C.  M.  1360-2.] 

2  [s]teat[ite]  scarabs[:]  one  with  name  of  Thoth[mes  I]II.     [Perhaps  CM.  4542.] 
Bll  ue  p]aste  scarab. 
Ir[on  im]plement  broken. 
S[i]l[ve]r  whorled  object  broken.     [Apparently  a  spiral  earring  of  Type  III,  p.  126.] 


AMATHUS  {PALAIO  LI3IESS0). 

Excavations  were  undertaken  by  the  British  Museum  in  1 893-1 894 
with  the  funds  of  the  Turner  Bequest  (Chron.  of  Exc.  p.  3).  All 
periods  from  early  Graeco-Phoenician  onwards  were  represented  in 
312  tombs  opened  on  five  sites,  the  majority  on  sites  D,  E,  close  to 
the  shore,  about  half  a  mile  east  of  the  acropolis.  No  Bronze  Age  necro- 
polis was  found,  and  no  Mykenaean  or  quasi-Mykcnaean  vases  or  metal 
work  were  noted  even  in  the  earliest  tombs.  Nos,  i-ioo  are  catalogued 
from  the  objects  themselves  without  check,  as  the  Government  inspector's 


176  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

Romaic  inventory  was  quite  worthless:  for  100  fl'.,  J.  L.  M.'s  diary  was 
available;  and  the  description  of  i-iio  has  been  revised  in  proof  by 
the  diary  of  ]Mr.  A.  li.  Smith. 

A.  Graeco-Phoenician  without  Hellenic  importations. 

I.  Pottery  like  915,  999,  1063;  saucer  with  black  slip.    Bronze  bracelet : 

fibulae  4830-4832. 
4.   Pottery  982,  1037,  1039,  1104-1105:    like  1038a:    flat  plate  like 

901  ff.:  plain  wide-mouthed  jug.     Jewellery  4167. 
9.    Pottery  like  908,  926,  960,  973,  991,  998,  1004,  1073,  1 1 17.     Fibulae 

489-490. 

II.  Pottery  like  906,  926,  972,  979,  1004.  Lamp  like  1304.  Bronze 
bracelets  :  spiral  iron  ring. 

80.  Pottery  like  1023,  1027,  1057,  1068,  11 26,  11 76,  1287*-! 288*. 
Bronze    mirror,  Type  a,    p.    118.      Jewellery    8176,    4 188-4 189, 

4256,  8354,  4451-4452- 

165.  Pottery  like  1057  :  small,  very  flat-bodied  jug  of  white  clay.  Three 
alabastra,  one  of  which  is  striated.  Mirror  (of  Type  B.  y),  3780. 
Jewellery  4014,  4121,  4124,  4351. 

166.  Pottery  1091,  1176c:  like  915,937.  1027,  io68,  1175,  ii8ia. 

279.  Pottery  905  a,  925.  1007,  1012,  1032:  like  972,  977,  988,  1004, 
1008,  1063,  1089,  1091. 

280.  Pottery  921,  922:  like  922,  930,  958,  1006,  1018,  1067.  Varie- 
gated glass  2515. 

B.  Graeco-Phoenician  with  Attic  vases. 

91.    A/ tic  vases  1638-1639. 

Graeco-Phoc7iician  statuette  3076.  Egyptian  engraved  mirror  3750. 
Two  mirrors  like  3751.  Bronze  bracelet.  Bronze  lamp  like  1305. 
Iron  strigil :  alabastron :  whetstone  like  485-487.  Jewellery  4254, 
4260.  A  bowl  of  unbroken  eggs  was  found  in  the  tomb,  and  is 
preserved  with  the  Tomb  Group. 
98.    Atlic  r.-f.  lekythos  1658  :  black-glazed  kylix  and  bowl. 

Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  1014-1015,  1076  b:  like  1015-1016,  1058, 
1128.  Bronze  bowl  3513  :  strigil:  two  mirrors  like  3791.  Jewel- 
lery  4168,   4362-4363,   4365.     Porcelain  ornaments  4704,   4728, 

4736-4737>  4746,  4754.  4756-4757,  476o,  4762,  4775-4777-  4784- 
100.  Attic  lekythos  1677.  Terracotta  horseman  like  3293  ff".  Bronze 
mirror  (Type  B  y,  p.  118).  Bracelets.  Iron  strigil.  Small  bronze 
patera.  Gold-leaf  rosette.  Silver  bead.  Silver  snake-head  bracelets 
like  4260  ff". 
Hellenistic.     Pseudo-Samian  ware  jugs  like  2100  ff".     Alabastron,  cf. 

Type  a,  p.  99. 
Glass.     Cf  2554  ff".,  2568-2600,  2673,  2686,   2739,   2750  ff".,  2636, 

2709.     Spiral  glass  rod  like  2891. 
Bronze  coin.     D.  -02. 
127.    Attic  vase  1686. 

Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  1229.  Bronze  mirror  (Type  B.  8)  like  3791. 
Jewellery  41 17,  4255,  4349  (diadem),  4412.  Ivory  kohl-box. 
154.  Attic  lekythos  1676  a.  Red-ware  small  jug,  concentric  circles  on 
shoulder;  cf.  1019(11.  3).  Bronze  strigil.  Small  bronze  disc  :  ?  mirror. 
Fragments  of  a  blue  and  white  glass  alabastron  (Type  II  b.  iS, 
p.  102).  Glass  spindlewhorl.  Thick  disc  of  black  stone:  .^  spindle- 
whorl. 


TOMB    GROUPS    FROM    VARIOUS    EXCAVATIONS.  I77 

158.   Atlic  black-glazed  bowl  like  1808. 

Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  like  997  (but  black),  1027.  Diminutive  wine 
amphora.  Terracotta  3302  (horseman) :  like  3342  (female  figure), 
3341  (cart  wheel).  Bronze  bracelet.  Jewellery  4546,  4567.  Por- 
celain 4761,  4783. 

214.    Aih'c  black-glazed  kylix. 

Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  like  1014-1017,  1059-1060  (fragment  with 
tree-ornament  supported  by  two  birds).  Bronze  bowl  3510.  Bracelet 
and  square  plate  of  bronze. 

251.    Two  plain  black-glazed  kylikes  (cf.  Naukratite  type), 

Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  like  914*,  924*  a,  935,  936,  938*,  955*, 
957*  ff.,  962*,  984*,  985*,  992,  1018,  1021,  1027,  1028  b,  1046, 
1059,  1067,  1086,  1089*,  1126*,  1166*,  1167,  1175,  1177*,  1190*. 
Terracottas  3074,  31 10,  3262,  3304.  Bronze  bracelet  and  nail. 
Jewellery  4530. 

C.  Graeco-Phoenician  and  Hellenistic  objects  in  the  same 
tomb. 

Reasons  have  been  given  above  (Introduction,  p.  26)  for  believing  that 
these  mixed  groups  are  due  to  re-burial,  and  that  the  Graeco-Phoenician 
pottery  came  to  an  end  at  or  very  shortly  after  the  Ptolemaic  conquest 
of  Cyprus. 

20.   Graeco-Phoenician  pottery:  bowls  like  914,  &c.:  dish  cover  like  958: 
barrel-jug  like  980:  jugs  like  998,  1004,  &c.     Cypriote  lamp  like 
1305.     Amphorae  like  1136,  1171. 
He/Ienisiic  glass:  cf.  2576,  2583,  2621,  2636  ff.,  2739,  2750. 
59.    Hellenic  askos  1797. 

Hellenistic  glass:    cf.  2558  ff.,  2584,  2593,  2617,   2636,  2686,   2733, 
2776,  2865.     Painted  glass  lids  :  cf  2861  ff. 
97.    Graeco-Phoenician  y^oXXtxy  :   1228,1289.     ' Eye-and-spout '  jug  like 
1027.     Elaborate  amphora  like  11 70:    neck  of  another,  and  of  an 
amphora  like  1164  ff.     Alabastron. 
Hellenistic  glass:    cf.   2564,  2576,   2731,  2747,  2757,  2776.     Painted 
glass  Uds  :  cf.  2861  ff.     Bone  toilet  box:  cf.  4985-4988. 
100.    Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  with  Attic  vases :  associated  with  Hellen- 
istic glass  :  recorded  under  B.  above  (p.  176). 
147.   Graeco-Phoe}iicia7i  Y>oiitry :  like  1057,  1272*,  1273*,  1130a,  1171. 
Oenochoe  (cf.  1043  ^)  ^^'i^^  painted  rays  on  shoulder.     Polychrome 
oenochoe   (spiral  coil,    &c.,   on   shoulder).      Alabastron :    alabaster 
amphora.     '  Snow-man '  terracotta   figure.     Jewellery :    spirals  like 
4ii7flf.  (silver),  4124  ff.  (bronze). 
Hellenistic  glass:  cf.  2767  ff.,  2770  ff.     Common  earthenware  cup. 
232.    Graeco-Phoenician  flask  like  970. 

Hellefiistic  glass:    cf.  2582,  2593,  2601,  2636  ff.,  2758.    Blue  glass: 
cf  2807. 
271.    Hellenistic    imitation    of  Attic    kylix:    cf.    1884.     Rough  jug  and 
kantharos.    Bronze  mirror  (Type  B.  y,  p.  118).    Cf.  D.  below,  p.  178. 

D.  Hellenistic  and  Graeco-Roman. 

64.    Glass:  cf.  2576  ff.,  2617,  2739,  2767. 

Pseudo-Sam.an  ware:  jug  like  2100:  bottle  like  2153. 
97.   Glass:    cf.  2568,    2599,   2609,   2718,   2740  ff.,  2757,  2765,  2773. 

Lamp.     Mother-of-pearl  shell. 

N 


lyS  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

130.    Glass    2623,   2681.     Variegcftcd    glass    2528.     Lamp,  with   relief 

(gladiator):  cf.  1360-2. 

Tridacna  shell.     Jewellery. 
142.  Glass:  cf.  2568  ff.,  2693,  2750,  2765,  2767. 

Pseudo-Samian  ware:  cf.  2100,  2108.     Two  bronze  coins. 
213.   Glass:  cf.  2602,  2603,  2619. 

Pseudo-Samian  ware:  cf.  2103.     Lamp:  cf.  1321  fl". 
271.    Imitation  of  Attic  black-glazed  kylix:  cf.  1884.   Rough  kantharos  and 

jug.    Bronze  mirror  (Type  B.  S,  p.  118),  like  3795  ff.    Cf.  C.  above, 

p.  177. 

KITION  I^LARNAKA),   1894. 

Sixty-three  tombs  were  opened  in  the  Vakuf  land  immediately  north, 
west,  and  south  of  the  Turabi  Tekd,  and  in  the  field  of  Hassan  Effendi 
on  the  east  of  the  Nicosia  road,  just  beyond  the  last  houses  of  Old 
Larnaka.  The  tombs  fall  into  two  classes,  Graeco-Phoenician  and 
Hellenistic,  which  are  entirely  distinct,  though  they  are  found  indis- 
criminately all  over  the  sites,  and  though  in  one  instance  (No.  6)  a 
late  Graeco-Phoenician  lamp  was  found  with  Hellenistic  pottery  and 
glass.  Cf.  Chron.  of  Exc,  p.  6  ;  and  Introduction,  p.  26  ;  and  J.  H.  S. 
xvii.  pp.  152-164. 

A.    Gi'aeco-Phoenician. 

Hassan  Effendi,  3.  Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  of  very  late  types, 
like  1023-1024;  lamps  like  1306. 

Turabi,  11.  Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  of  late  types,  like  1 023-1 024; 
lamp  of  late  type  like  1306;  wine  amphora  2008;  oenochoe  like  1043  ff., 
of  a  local  fabric  of  whitish  clay  with  red  bands,  and  zigzags  on  the 
shoulder. 

Turabi,  25.  Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  of  local  fabrics,  like  1024; 
oenochoae  as  above,  of  local  fabric;  one  has  twisted  handle  and  lip 
anciently  riveted;  amphorae  like  iisgff.,  anciently  riveted,  containing 
human  bones.  Bowl  of  local  red  ware  with  black  lines.  Wine  amphora 
2019. 

Turabi,  31-37.     The  mixed  contents  of  four  collapsed  tombs. 

(a)  Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  like  1090;  alabaster  amphora  like 
2451  ff. 

(/3)  Hellenistic  pottery  like  2062  ff.,  2147  ff.  Shells:  Pec/en,  sp. ; 
Venus,  sp. :  cf.  4496  ff. ;  lamps  of  Hellenistic  types;  statuette  hke  3061, 
of  local  terracotta  fabric. 

Bronze  coffin-plates  like  3633  ff. 

Turabi,  34.  Graeco-Phoenician  oenochoae,  as  above,  of  local  fabric, 
with  concentric  circles,  «fec.     Bronze  bowl  3513. 

Turabi,  42.  Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  of  late  types,  like  1023b, 
1024;  saucer  with  very  broad  rim,  rather  like  967  but  handleless;  lamps 
like  1306  ff. 

Turabi,  53.     Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  1028  a.     Red-ware  plate. 

Turabi,  55.  Graeco-Phoenician  pottery.  Clay  horseman.  Stone 
bead  like  709. 


TOMB    GROUPS    FROM    VARIOUS    EXCAVATIONS.  179 

Turabi.  56.  Graeco- Phoenician  wine  amphora  2007  a,  presented  by 
Cypr.  Expl.  Fund.  The  rest  of  the  Tomb  Group  is  in  Ashm.  Mus., 
Oxford. 

Turabi,  58.  Graeco-Phoenician  pottery  of  local  fabric,  like  984 
(coarse),  1022,  1023;  oenochoe  of  red  ware,  with  ornament,  like  1059. 
Graeco-Phoenician  lamp  like  1306. 

Turabi,  61.  Graeco-PJwemdafi  pottery  of  local  fabric,  (i)  deep 
bowl  like  931,  (2)  plain  bowl  of  white  clay  burnt  red  j  oenochoe  as  above. 
Graeco-Phoenician  lamp  of  late  type,  like  1306. 

B.    Hellenistic  and  Graeeo-Boman. 

Hassan  Effendi,  1.  Hellenisiic  pottery  like  1023,  2091  fif.,  2133; 
lamps  like  1416;  glass  like  2603;  bronze  mirror;  leaden  vase  with 
cover  3961. 

Hassan  Efifendi,  2.     Helleiiistic  pottery  like  1024,  &c.:  late  lamps. 

Hassan  Efifendi,  4.  Hellenistic  pottery  like  1023,  2072,  2090  ff. ; 
coarse  cooking-pot  with  one  handle;  lamps  like  1335  ff.,  1367  ff., 
1410  ff. :  note  the  collocation  of  types. 

Hassan  Effendi,  6.  Hellenistic  pottery  like  2087  ff.,  2147  ff. 
Graeco-Phoenician  lamp  of  late  type,  like  1306. 

Turabi,  22.     Hellenistic  pottery  like   1023,   2062,   2153:    lamps  of 

various  late  types. 

Glass  like  2568,  2610,  2693,  2773,  2783ff.,  2861  ff.  (painting  destroyed): 
coloured  glass  bottles  2810  a  (blue  and  white),  2844  (translucent 
white  with  opaque  white  streaks). 

Iron  tweezers. 

Stone  incense-altar :    on  the  front  a  face  rudely  cut  between  two  conven- 
tional trees. 
Turabi,  35.     Hellenistic  pottery  like  2153.     Lamps  of  late  types. 

Glass  hke  2603,  2628,  2636,  2670,  2783  ff.,  2790  ff.;  coloured  glass 
2810b,  2844  ;  and  a  small  black  bottle. 

Bronze  mirror,  spatulae,  cyathus  like  3601  ff . ;  fragments  of  a  cylindrical 
box,  with  bronze  bottom  and  hinges. 

Turabi,  38.  Hellenistic  pottery  like  2070  ff. ;  leaden  box  3969. 
Unio  shell,  cf.  4496  ff. 

Turabi,    45.      Hellenistic    pottery    like    2090,    2153;    flat   plate    of 
Samian  ware  ;  Rhodian  amphora  2024  ;  lamps  of  various  late  types. 
Glass  like  2630 ff.:  saucer  of  millefiore  glass  2850;   glass  spindlewhorl 

like  793  ff. 
Bronze  mirror   like   3787,  and  a   very  small   plain  one  ;    plain   bronze 

plaque;  bowl-covers  or  miniature  cymbals  3557-9. 
Jewellery  8058,  8072,  4091,  4097,  4217. 


N  2 


KURION   (EPISKOPI). 

Report  by  H.  B.  Walters,  M.A.,  British  Museum. 

Following  up  their  excavations  at  Amathus  in  1894,  the  authorities  of 
the  British  Museum  in  January,  1895,  undertook  further  operations  on 
the  site  of  Kurion,  which  lasted  for  some  three  months,  and  were  productive 
of  very  interesting  results. 

The  special  feature  of  the  excavations  was  the  discovery  of  a  necropolis 
dating  from  the  INIykenaean  period,  which  apparently  confirms  the  state- 
ment of  Slrabo  that  Kurion  had  originally  been  founded  by  a  colony 
from  Argos.  This  cemetery  lies  on  the  side  of  a  low  hill  to  the  east  of 
Episkopi,  and  appears  to  represent  the  site  of  the  original  Argive  or 
Mykenaean  foundation.  Towards  the  end  of  the  sixth  century  b.  c,  the 
city  must  have  been  transferred  to  the  site  now  known  as  the  Acropolis, 
that  being  the  date  of  the  earliest  tombs  found  there. 

A  considerable  quantity  of  rude  and  primitive  local  pottery  was  found 
in  these  tombs,  consisting  of  hand-made  vases  with  patterns  in  white  or 
in  relief  on  a  dark  ground,  or  in  black  on  cream  ground.  The  latter 
variety  occurred  chiefly  in  the  tombs  in  which  IMykcnaean  vases  were 
also  found.  The  results  throughout  compare  very  closely  with  those 
obtained  from  the  pre-Phoenician  necropolis  at  Agia  Paraskevi,  near 
Nicosia. 

INIost  of  the  Mykenaean  pottery  was  of  the  ordinary  type,  but  two  very 
fine  specimens  were  obtained  of  a  small  class  at  present  very  poorly 
represented,  viz.  the  large  craters  with  figures  in  chariots  and  similar 
subjects,  specimens  of  which  were  found  by  Cesnola  at  Maroni  and  Agia 
Paraskevi ;  on  one  vase  is  a  series  of  female  figures  in  panels,  a  style  of 
decoration  hitherto  unknown.  Another  remarkable  vase  was  a  large 
pseudamphora  of  rough-grained  clay  decorated  with  an  octopus  on  either 
side ;  a  similar  example  has  been  found  in  Crete.  Among  other  objects 
should  be  mentioned  a  sard  scarab  of  the  XXVIth  Dynasty  with  hiero- 
glyphic designs ;  a  Phoenician  cylinder  with  conventional  gryphon  and 
tree,  and  a  steatite  scaraboid  with  an  admirable  intaglio  design  of  a  bull 
lying  down,  recalling  the  style  of  the  Vaphio  gold  cups  at  Athens. 

The  tombs  in  the  neighbourhood  of  the  Acropolis  were  also  fairly 
productive,  especially  in  gold  ornaments,  among  which  may  be  mentioned 
a  fine  pair  of  gold-plated  bronze  bracelets  ending  in  rams'  heads,  a  gold 
chain  of  very  delicate  workmanship,  and  a  series  of  earrings  and  finger- 
rings.  Of  other  objects  the  most  important  were:  an  archaic  Greek 
bronze  statuette  of  a  woman,  forming  part  of  a  candelabrum ;  an  archaic 
scaraboid  set  in  a  silver  ring,  with  design  of  Herakles  running ;  several 
vases  of  red  ware  with  polychrome  designs  painted  in  opaque  colours, 
probably  dating  from  the  third  century  e.g.;  and  a  large  hydria  of  black- 
glazed  ware  with  figures  painted  in  opaque  white  (with  details  in  yellow), 


TOMB    GROUPS    FROM    KURION.  l8r 

similar  to  those  found  in  large  numbers  in  Southern  Italy  and  probably 
manufactured  at  Tarentum  in  the  third  century  b.c. 

In  a  valley  to  the  north  of  the  Acropolis  the  site  of  a  temple  was 
brought  to  light,  with  rubbish-heap  containing  a  large  number  of  terra- 
cotta figures.  On  this  site  was  also  found  a  marble  base  with  a  bilingual 
inscription  in  Greek  and  Cypriote  characters,  of  the  fourth  century  b.c. 
It  records  a  dedicadon  to  Demeter  and  Kore  by  one  Ellovoikos,  and 
suggests  that  the  temple  also  was  dedicated  to  those  deities. 

A.   Tombs  of  the  Mykenaean  period  (Site  D). 

27.  Terracotta  figure  of  bull  (C.  M.  467).     Fragments  of  vases  with 

white  patterns  on  black  ground  (Fabric  I.  3  c)  and  of  the  White 

Slip  Ware  (p.  39,  Fabric  II.  4). 
29.  Bowls  of  White  Slip  Ware  (II.  4),  and  a  few  plain  vases. 
32.   Part  of  a  so-called  Hittite  seal  with  design  of  two  deer  and  a  tree. 

Two  stone  weights,  perforated. 
35.    Two  green  enamel  beads ;    cf.  C.  M.  630  flf.     Fragments  of  White 

Slip  Ware  (II.  4). 

40.  Small  Mykenaean  vase  with  scale-pattern.  Two  White  Slip  Ware 
bowls  (II.  4).  Jug  of  black  ware  (I.  2)  with  cable-pattern  in 
relief. 

41.  Two  Mykenaean  pseudamphorae  and  small  jar.  Alabaster  vase. 
Stone  vase  with  thick  flutings,  like  a  mould.  Small  marble  vase. 
Mortar  of  basalt.  Mykenaean  '  stamnos  '  with  network  pattern ; 
cf.  C.  M,  431.     Two  gold  rings  and  two  gold  beads. 

46.    Stone  celt  or  axe-head  (C.  M.  470).     Stone  weight. 

49.    White  Slip  Ware  bowl  (II.  4). 

51.    Bronze  ploughshare  (C.  M.  609). 

54.    Numerous  fragments  of  Mykenaean  pottery.     Large  jug  and  series 

of  bowls  of  White  Slip  Ware  (II.  4). 
58.    Bronze  dagger  with  hooked  handle  (C.  M.  558.     Type  y). 
87.    Head  of  terracotta  bull  (C.  M.  469).    Mykenaean  bowl  (or  imitation 

of  that  ware  ?),  red  band  on  drab.     Three  fragments  of  Mykenaean 

vases. 
91.    Mykenaean  jug  and  three-handled  vase;    cf.  C.  M.  431.     Bronze 

axe-head.     Stone  vase  and  three  stone  beads. 
93.   Five  stone  beads. 
97.    Schnabelkanne  of  Red  Polished  Ware  (I.  i),  covered  with  knobs. 

Smaller,  similar,  plain.     Ladle  of  red  ware  ;  cf.  C.  M.  26.     Askos 

of  drab  ware  with  high  handle  (II.  4).     Lekythos  of  buff  ware  with 

knobs  and  indentations,  of  Red  Ware  type  (I.  i).     Ten  terracotta 

spindlewhorls  with  incised  patterns;  cf.  C.  M.  665  ff. 
100.   Bronze   knife   and   bracelet.      Small   Mykenaean  vase.      Part   of 

primitive  terracotta  female  figure  (C.  M.  466). 
103.   Five  bronze  bracelets.     Eight  green  stone  beads  and  one  of  glass 

(iridescent).     Part  of  an  Egyptian  porcelain  figure. 
105.    White  Slip  Ware  bowl  (II.  4).    Lekythos  of  red  ware,  elongated 

shape  (I.  i).     Terracotta  bull  (C.  M.  468).     Three  stone  beads. 
108.    Six  skyphi,  drab  with  black  patterns,  local  ware;  cf.  C.  M.  954. 

Lekythos  and  aryballos  of  the  same  ware.    Fragment  of  Mykenaean 

vase. 


l82  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE 

B.    Graeco-Phoenician  and  Hellenistic  :   from  tke  later  sites. 

Tomb  2.    A  series  of  common   Cypriote   pottery  (concentric    circles). 

Tripod  of  red  ware.     Fragments  of  bronze  fibulae,  Type  iii ;    cf. 

C.  M.  4840. 
5.      Bronze  pan  from  a  pair  of  scales.     Terracotta  horse.     Alabastron 

with  black  rings  on  red  ground. 
7.      Bronze  mirror  and  nail.     Small  alabaster  vase. 

12.  Ring  and  small  gem  of  pale  yellow  glass. 

13.  Glass  ring.     Roman  lamp. 

19.  '  Woman-and-pitcher '  jug.     Four  bronze  spirals  and  small  ring. 

20.  Small  gold  spiral.     Four  common  Cypriote  vases  (concentric  circles 
and  plain  red  ware). 

23.    Six  common  Cypriote  vases  (red  ware  and  concentric  circles). 

60.    Bronze  mirror,  two  mirror-cases,  and  spatula.     Gold  earring  with 

filagree  work  (Type  g).      Small  gold  pendant  in   shape  of  vase. 

Two  stone  beads  and  one  gold  bead. 
64.    Two  silver  rings  with  stone  setting.     Two  pairs  of  silver  earrings. 

Nine  small  silver  spirals. 
66.    Head    of  terracotta   statuette   of  boy   (Cypriote   fabric,    moulded). 

Fragments  of  gold  leaf.     Two  gold  earrings  (not  a  pair).     Ivory 

ring  with   female   head   in   relief.     Small   cylindrical   bronze  box. 

Bronze  mirror. 
71.   Late   black-figured  lekythos  with    network-pattern   on   red   ground 

(fifth  century  b.c);  cf.  CM.  1684  fif.    Two  alabaster  vases.    Greek 

lamp  of  black  ware  (fourth  century  b.  c). 
74.   Large  sard  intaglio — head  of  Athena. 
76.    Pair  of  gold  bracelets  ending  in  rams'  heads.     Gold  rings — (i)  with 

portrait  head,  (2)  winged  dolphin,  (3)  bird,  (4)  plain.     Nine  small 

round  objects  of  gold,  for  attachment  to  dress.     Two  large  silver 

spirals  ending  in  snakes'  heads. 
79.    Parts  of  three  terracotta  female  figures,  of  Oriental  type.  Silver  phiale. 

Silver-plated  bronze  bowl.     Bronze  candelabrum  and  bowl.     Iron 

strigil.     Gold  ring  with  intaglio  palmette  pattern.     Gold  ring  with 

green  stone  setting  on  swivel.    A  series  of  silver  bracelets  and  beads. 

Gold    beads,   forming    a    necklace.      Two    '  stamni '   of  common 

Cypriote  ware. 
82.    Leaden  pyxis.     Green  glass  comic  mask. 

84.  Gold  ring.     Small  silver  box  with  head  in  relief. 

85.  Fragments  of  iron  sword.     Numerous  fragments  of  bronze  cuirass 
with  designs  in  relief. 

111.    Three  '  stamni '  (concentric  circles),  a  small  plain  jug  fixed  tight  in 

the  top  of  one. 
113.    Numerous  glass  bottles  (Roman  period).     Two  glass  cups,  three 

saucers,  and  a  ring.     Leaden   capsa.     Five  Roman  lamps.     Two 

bone  spindlewhorls.     Small  gold  ring.     Bronze  mirror  and  spatula. 
116.    Small  porcelain  figure.     Four  glass  beads.     Four  jugs  and  bowl 

(concentric  circles). 

C.    From  the  Temple  site  (c). 

A   series  of  terracotta   statues   and  fragments.     Women  and  hydriae. 
Bearded  priests  (heads).     Horses  and  chariots. 


SALAMIS  (near  ENKOMI). 

Mykenaean  Necropolis,  1896. 

For  the  third  season  of  the  British  INIuseum  excavations  under  the 
Turner  Bequest,  the  site  chosen  was  near  Enkomi.  The  work  began 
towards  the  end  of  March,  and  was  carried  on  till  the  beginning  of  May 
under  the  superintendence  of  Mr.  A.  S.  Murray,  The  following  is  his 
record  of  the  contents  of  the  tombs  (1-36)  which  were  selected  for  the 
Cyprus  Museum  in  his  time.  After  he  left,  the  work  was  superintended 
by  Mr.  Percy  Christian,  joined  afterwards  by  Mr.  Arthur  H.  Smith,  by 
whom  it  was  carried  on  uninterruptedly  till  September. 

4.  Fragments  of  bracteate  gold,  agate  bead,  porcelain  beads.    Fragment 

of  ribbed  black  vase  [I.  7].  One  pseudamphora  and  parts  of  another. 
Oenochoe.  Two  fragmentary  vases  with  ridged  patterns  [I.  3'  a]. 
Bowl  of  pale  white  with  chequers  [II.  4].  Several  pointed  oenochoae, 
plain  [cf.  specimen  from  Laksha  tu  Riu  4  (Ashm.  Mus.;  J.  H.  S.  xvii. 
figg.  7,  10.)  and  Tell-el-Hesy  (Bliss,  JNIMC.  fig.  154)].  Cup  with  one 
handle. 

5.  Fragments  of  pottery  (Mykenaean  and  pre-Mykenaean  [I.  3]).  Bronze 

bowl  and  fragments  of  bronze.  Two  black  basalt  spindlewhorls 
(one  incised).     Stone  weight.     Three  burnishers. 

6.  Two  jugs  with  pointed  base  [cf.  Tomb  4].     Pale  white  bowl  with 

vertical  chequers  [II.  4]. 

7.  Bronze  bowl  found  on  skull  of  skeleton.     Fragments  ol'  INIykenaean 

ware. 

8.  (Sunk  square  in  rock.)     Fragments  of  INIykenaean  pottery. 

14.  (Sunk  in  the  rock  like  a  well.)  Four  gold  hoops.  One  gold  band. 
Three  gold  beads.  One  gold  bead.  Cylinder  of  blue  porcelain 
with  figures.  Gold  pin  [cf.  C.  M.  591,  but  headless].  Two  small 
gold  earrings.  Two  gold  twisted  earrings.  Gold  mouthpiece. 
Silver  earring.  Fragment  of  silver  pin.  Swan  in  reddish  metal. 
Fragments  of  pseudamphorae.  Pale  white  ware  with  chequers  [II.  4], 
dark  ware  with  white  lines  [I.  3  a],  and  black  ware  with  ridged 
patterns  [I.  3  c].  Terracotta  figure  on  horse.  Bretas.  Part  of 
porcelain  bowl  with  bands  of  blue,  black,  and  white.  Fragment  of 
a  small  ivory  figure  much  decayed.     Small  burnishing  stone. 

20.  (At  the  edge  of  the  rocky  plateau,  tunnelled  deep  under  the  rock.) 
Large  gold  earring.  Gold  bead.  Two  gold  spirals.  Electrum 
spiral.  Fragment  of  gold  band.  Two  ivory  scarabs  (Egyptian). 
Porcelain  scarab.  Porcelain  cylinder  (plain).  Bronze  knife.  Terra- 
cotta horse.  Mykenaean  cup  with  spirals.  Fragments  of  Mykenaean 
vases  with  figure  in  chariot  and  animals.     Bronze  dagger. 

21.  (Same  place  as  20.)  Small  gold  earring.  Gold  pendant  in  form  of 
bull's  head. 

23.   (Same  place  as  20.)     Fragment  of  gold  diadem. 


184  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE 

25.  (Same  place  as  20,  tunnelled  into  rock.)  Seven  fragments  of  gold 
bands  stamped  with  patterns  of  rosettes,  bulls'  heads,  and  palm 
branch.  Thin  gold  fmger-ring.  Ivory  standard  (plain).  Fragments 
of  pscudamphora,  of  alabaster  vase,  of  stone  dish,  and  of  bronze 
vases.  Small  stone  mortar  -with  three  feet.  Fragment  of  bronze 
tripod.     Two  bronze  arrow  heads. 

27.  (At  the  edge  of  the  rocky  plateau.)  Two  pairs  of  gold  earrings. 
One  pair  of  gold  spirals.  One  geld  spiral.  Gold  bead.  Three 
fragments  of  narrow  gold  bands.  Gold  pomegranate.  Amber 
bead.  Carnelian  bead.  Four  porcelain  beads.  One  porcelain 
bead  mounted  in  gold.  Fragments  of  variegated  glass  vase.  Four 
fragments  of  ivory.  Four  vases  of  black  ware  [I.  3].  Tall  red  jug 
[I.  8].     Small  vase  with  spout.     INIykenaean  cup. 

28.  (Well  built  of  small  irregular  stones.)  Fragment  of  gold  earring 
(twisted).     Narrow  gold  band. 

29.  (Edge  of  cliff.)  Gold  seed-shaped  bead.  Gold  buU's-head  pendant. 
Five  gold  beads.     Chalcedony  bead  (lentoid,  plain). 

30.  (Near  cliff.)  Small  gold  earring  with  granular  pendant.  Top  of  lime- 
stone head,  of  Cypriote  style,  with  close  cap. 

31."  (Near  cliff.)     Two  gold  beads. 

36.  INfykenaean  krater.  Four  pre-lNIykenaean  vases  [I.  3].  Tall  jug 
(pre-Mykenaean  [I.  3]).  Fluted  jug  [I.  7].  Handle  of  large 
Mykenaean  amphora.    Bowl  of  white  ware. 

43'.  (Oval  cave  in  soft  rock,  10  ft.  x  7  ft.  X  5  ft.:  roof  much  decayed.) 
Gold:  five  diadems  and  two  mouthplates  (cf.  C.  M.  4343  ff.)  stamped 
with  (i)  rams'  heads,  (2)  'earring  pattern,'  (3)  'shell  pattern,' 
(4)  rosettes;  seven  bull's-head  pendant  earrings.  Bronze:  two 
mirrors  (shaped  like  C.  M.  3750) ;  fragmentary  spearheads  and  knife- 
blades.  Stone:  two  spindle  whorls:  plates  and  pestles.  Alabaster 
"vases.  Ivory:  incised  fragments.  Pottery  of  fabrics  I.  3  (red 
variety) ;  7 ;  II.  4 ;  II.  5  (Mykenaean),  krater  painted  with  a  bull ; 
pscudamphora;  pyxis;  jug  with  spout.  7Irraf(9//a  horse  (or  bull?). 
Three  human  skulls. 

44.  (Small  cave  in  the  cliff.)  Gold:  earrings  with  'granulated'  pendant 
ornament  (cf.  Tomb  30);  '  twisted' earrings ;  needle;  seed-shaped 
bead.  Electrinn  :  diadem ;  small  ring.  Pottery  :  pre-Wykenaean 
fragments  [I.  3]. 

49.    (Small  cave  :  collapsed.)    -£'/rf/r«/« :  pair  of  small  earrings.    Pottery: 

I.  3,  4;  II.  4,  &c. 

52.  (Deep  tomb ;  collapsed ;  door  in  place.)  Lenticular  chalcedony 
pebble,  partially  shaped.    Pottery:  I.  3  (and  a  flask  of  similar  ware) ; 

II.  I  ;   4;   and  a  handleless  vase  like  the  grey  Polledrara  ware  of 
Naukratis. 

54.  (Deep  tomb;  full  of  earth.)  Gold:  two  narrow  bands:  twisted 
needle  ;  '  twisted '  earring.  Silver :  pin ;  fragments  of  a  small  ring. 
Pottery:  I.  3,  4,  8 ;  II.  i,  &c. 

55.  (Deep  tomb  with  two  dressed  stone  entrances ;  doors  in  place ; 
(a)  gold,  vases,  and  a  thin  layer  of  bones  above  a  layer  of  fallen 
roof,  a  foot  thick ;  ip)  below  this  a  foot  and  a  half  of  bone-dust  and 
pottery,  with  water.) 

'  For  Nos.  43-99  Mr.  P.  Christian's  inventory  has  been  revised  with  Mr.  A.  II. 
Smith's  notes. 


TOMB    GROUPS    FROM    SALAMIS.  185 

(o)  Gold :  necklace  w  □  w  □  w  ;  signet-ring,  engraved  with 
a  deer  and  ?  a  tree ;  pair  of  spirals ;  thin  bands ;  narrow  ring. 
Pottery:  I.  3  (bowl,  jug,  and  bull-shaped  vase);  I.  7;  II.  3;  II.  5 
(Myk.),  krater,  pseudamphora,  and  a  similar  vase  with  central  orifice 
and  three  handles ;  fragments  of  Mykenaean  ware  with  white  paint 
on  red  ground. 

(/3)  Pottery :  I.  3  ;  II.  4. 

59.  (Small  cave;  door  missing;  full  of  earth.)  Gold:  six  narrow  bands  ; 
2 1"  pairs  of  twisted  earrings.  Electriim  :  narrow  bands,  fragmentary. 
Silver:  fragments  of  rings.  Porcelain:  two  beads.  Alabaster: 
fragmentary  cup.  Pottery:  I.  i  (plain  red  schnabelkanne);  I.  3; 
II.  5  (Myk.),  krater,  pseudamphora,  jug. 

63.  (Very  small  oval  tomb,  entered  from  a  shaft  two  feet  deep.)  Gold: 
narrow  band ;  small  needle.  Electriim :  three  small  bands ;  two 
small  rings.  Silver :  gilt  fibula ;  pin  ;  fragments  of  two  narrow 
bands,  and  of  two  rings.  Porcelaifi :  two  cylinders.  Pottery : 
I.  3  a-c ;  II.  4,  small  jug  with  spout. 

63.  (Deep  shaft  opening  into  two-chambered  V-shaped  tomb;  pottery 
packed  round  the  V;  one  skeleton,  extended,  at  the  end  of  one  of  the 
chambers.)  Gold:  one  bead.  Porcelain:  bowl  (broken),  and  other 
fragments.  Pottery:  I.  3  a  (like  C.  M.  252);  II.  4  ;  II.  5  (Myk.), 
krater  with  chariot  scene ;  wide-mouthed  vase  with  deer ;  seven 
pseudamphorae  with  concentric  circles;  five  three-handled  cups, 
two  pyxides;  two  vases  like  C.  M.  441 ;  clay  disc. 

71.  (Chamber   11  ft.  X  5  ft.  x  5  ft.;    10  ft,  from  the   surface;   built  and 

vaulted  with  ill-burnt  quoin-shaped  bricks,  with  a  few  large  stones  at 
intervals.)  6^1?/^:  four  narrow  bands;  two  twisted  earrings ;  pin  [cf. 
Type  7,  p.  54];  twisted  pin;  and  fragments.  Porcelain:  three 
cylindrical  beads,  with  lattice-pattern. 

72.  (Small  cave :  door  in  place ;  full  of  earth,  with  a  hole  in  the  roof.) 
Gold:  two  bands;  mouthpiece  stamped  with  spiral  pattern;  and 
fragments.  Pottery :  II.  5  (Myk.),  krater  (in  fragments),  and  three 
small  cups. 

76.  (Deep  tomb,  20  ft.  from  the  surface:  full  of  water  and  fallen  rock.) 
Gold :  bull's-head  pendant  earring ;  beads,  seventeen  ribbed  cylindri- 
cal, one  discoidal ;  small  ring ;  ostrich  Q^g.  Terracotta  :  two  nude 
female  figures.  Potteiy :  I.  7  (and  red  flask) ;  II.  5  (Myk.),  krater ; 
pseudamphora  :  broken  saucer  with  ashes  of  burnt  incense. 

78.  (Small  cave  :  door  in  place ;  a  small  locker  in  the  shaft  on  either  side 
of  the  doorway,  with  door  in  place,  and  full  of  bones  and  earth;  one  had 
two  narrow  gold  bands.  Gold :  two  narrow  bands  ;  two  mouthpieces 
and  two  diadems ;  all  plain,  thin.  Silver :  bowl  and  bracelets,  frag- 
mentary. Brotize  fragments.  Variegated  glass  bottle.  Alabaster 
fragments.  Pottery:  II.  4;  II.  5  (Myk.),  four  kraters;  two  pyxides; 
open-mouthed  vase  with  spirals;  jug  with  spout,  &c. 

80.  (Small  cave:  door  in  place;  full  of  earth,  with  a  small  hole  in  the 
roof.)  Porcelain :  pseudamphora,  black  lotos  pattern  on  shoulder 
[given  to  Brit.  Mus.].  Pottery:  I.  3  ;  II.  4 ;  II.  5  (Myk.),  four 
kraters;  one  jug  with  spout;  rough  jug  with  geometrical  figures  of 
men  in  black  and  red  [= prototype  of  early  Graeco-Phoenician  style, 
cf.  p.  40]. 

82.   (Small  cave,  full  of  earth  and  stones.)     Gold:   two  pairs  of  long 


l86  CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 

boat-shaped  earrings;  thirteen  buU's-head  earrings;  one  mouth- 
piece with  rosettes;  six  diadems,  with  rosettes  (i),  rams'  heads  (2), 
and  '  earring  pattern  '  (3-6).  Bronze  bowl.  Ivory  :  incised  frag- 
ments of  ?  mirror  handle.  Alabaster  :  fragments  of  vases.  Pottery  : 
II.  5,  fragments  of  fine  Myk.  amphora. 

97.  (Tomb  with  raised  platforms  on  one  side  and  on  part  of  another ; 
door  in  place;  another  opening,  on  one  side,  from  a  shaft.)  Gold: 
necklace  (cf.  Tomb  55),  with  gold-mounted  porcelain  cylinder  as 
centrepiece ;  thin  ring  with  open  ends.  Lead  wire  (found  in  the 
shaft).  Brofize  fragments.  Iroti  ore.  Porcelain :  pseudamphora 
with  .-'  inscription ;  pomegranate-shaped  handle.  Basalt  cylinder. 
Pottery :  I.  3,  white-ware  pointed  jug  [cf.  Laksha  tii  Riii,  4] ;  II.  4  ; 
II.  5  (INIyk.),  three  pseudamphorae  and  a  saucer;  fragments  of 
IMykenaean  ware  near  the  surface. 

90.  (Deep  cave ;  fallen  in ;  door  displaced.)  Gold  earring  (.'),  frag- 
mentary. Silver:  two  earrings,  and  fragments;  two  eyelet  pins 
(Type  y,  one  gilt).  Bronze :  two  pairs  of  earrings ;  two  spirals. 
Stone:  two  shaped  gems;  one  cornelian  bead. 

94.  (Deep  cave  :  small  and  fallen  in.)  Gold:  two  diadems.  Alabaster 
pyxis  of  Myk.  type.  Porcelain  bowl,  fragmentary.  Pottery:  I. 
3  a-c,  pointed  jugs  [cf.  Laksha  tu  Riii,  4]  ;  II.  5  (iMyk.),  amphora 
painted  with  bulls  (fragmentary) ;  pyxis ;  kraters ;  cup  ;  globular 
bottle ;  miniature  vases ;  much  common  pottery ;  rattle,  of  white 
ware,  in  the  form  of  an  owl.  Terracotta  lion  in  rough  clay:  seated 
figure. 

96.  (Small  circular  cave;  fallen  in;  door  missing).  Gold:  ring  of 
Egyptian  type,  engraved  with  an  hippopotamus  {Thueris) ;  one  bead. 
Crushed  fragments  of  pottery,  porcelain,  alabaster,  ivory,  and  bone. 

98.  Silver  spiral  and  fragments.  Fragment  of  a  polished  pebble. 
Pottery:  I.  i,  jug  with  twisted  handle  and  imitation  of  metal  rivet 
(cf.  KEH.  ccxvi.  17,  and  spp.  from  Nikolides  in  Berl.  Mus.) ;  II.  5 
(Myk.),  fragments  of  a  vase  painted  with  birds ;  pyxis  ;  bowl  with  lip; 
cup.     Terracotta  bull  [cf.  C.  M.  467  if.]. 

99.  Lapis-laztilti^):  five  beads,  one  in  the  form  of  a  frog.     Pottery:  I.  3. 


MARONI. 

Report  by  H.  B.  Walters,  M.A.,  British  Museum. 

Excavations  on  behalf  of  the  British  Museum  took  place  on  the 
Bronze-Age  site  near  Maroni,  known  as  Zarukas,  and  in  its  immediate 
neighbourhood,  during  the  months  of  November  and  December,  1897, 
under  the  superintendence  of  Mr.  H.  B.  Walters.  Reports  had  given 
grounds  for  supposing  that  this  site  would  be  very  fruitful  in  results. 
Such,  however,  was  not  the  case,  only  about  thirty  productive  tombs 
being  found  during  the  first  month.  Excavations  were  then  delayed  for 
ten  days  by  bad  weather,  and  though  further  attempts  were  made  on  all 
sides  of  the  Zarukas  site,  and  also  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Mari  and 
Kalavaso,  all  wei'e  entirely  unsuccessful.  However,  a  fairly  interesting 
yield  of  Mykenaean  and  Bronze-Age  objects  was  made,  without  any  one 
object  of  exceptional  value  or  interest  being  brought  to  light. 

The  pottery  was  of  the  usual  types :  some  good  Mykenaean  vases 
with  figures,  and  a  universal  prevalence  of  the  base-ring  [I.  3,  p.  37]  and 
white-slip  wares  [11.  4,  p.  39],  and  of  common  glazed  and  unglazed 
fabrics  of  various  shapes,  but  none  of  the  early  incised  pottery  [I.  i,  p.  36], 
except  from  the  trial  diggings  at  Kalavaso.  Among  the  gold  and 
porcelain  objects  were  some  good  pins,  earrings,  and  pendants,  such 
as  were  found  in  large  numbers  at  E7ikomi  in  1896  (pp.  183-6),  and 
one  or  two  scarabs,  not  as  yet  interpreted.  Several  specimens  of  a  rare 
but  characteristic  type  of  gold  ornament  were  found  (Tombs  8  and  12) 
in  the  form  of  a  hollow  truncated  cone,  with  a  bent-up  rim  round  the 
larger  end,  like  a  hat  [cf.  C.  M.  4502].  A  fair  share  of  the  gold 
ornaments  and  a  thoroughly  representative  collection  of  pottery  from 
these  tombs  was  allotted  in  the  distribution  to  the  Cyprus  Museum ;  but 
the  objects  marked  thus  *  below  were  eventually  separated  from  their 
Tomb-Groups,  and  transferred  to  the  British  Museum. 

Tomb  5.    Gold:  plain  diadem. 
9.    Gold:  plain  diadem. 

10.  Gold  fibula-pin  (as  from  Enkomi,  Tomb  19,  Brit.  Mus.).  Silver: 
two  similar  pins.     Porcelain  :  small  scarab  with  hieroglyphics. 

11.  Bronze  dagger  with  tang.  Fragments  of  bronze  bowl  with  repoussd 
patterns. 

18.  Porcelaiii  *  bowl  with  Egyptian  designs.  Terracotta :  primitive 
figure  (snow-man  technique),  with  markings  in  red  and  black  [cf. 
C.  M.  466].  Large  vase  *  in  fragments,  with  figures  of  stags,  &c. 
[cf.  Enkomi,  68,  p.  185].     Funnel-shaped  vase  with  red  bands. 

19.  Gold:  nine  glandular  beads. 


1 88 


CYPRUS    MUSEUM    CATALOGUE. 


22.  Terracotta  bull  with  painted  stripes  (base-ring  ware)  [I.  3  :  cf.  C.  M. 
467-9].  Two  pseudamphorae,  two  pyriform  vases,  two  double- 
handled  lekylhi. 

23.  Kernos,  with  three  globular  pots  on  a  thick  ring ;  patterns  in  red. 
Vase  *  with  covered  top  and  two  holes  like  eyes.  Various  sub- 
IMykenacan  vases. 

25.  Gold:  three  twisted  rings.  Two  porcelain  bowls  with  beaded  rims, 
in  brown,  yellow,  and  greenish-blue.  Two  terracotta  figures  (snow- 
man technique).     Fragments  *  of  vase  with  stags,  &c. 

Excavations  subsequently  took  place  in  December,  1897,  near  the 
Hald  SuUiVi  Tt'ke',  on  the  west  side  of  the  Salt  Lake  near  Larnaka 
(v.  J.  H.  S.  xvii.  p.  149,  fig.  6,  map),  with  somewhat  similar  results: 
and  are  to  be  continued  during  the  spring  of  1898. 


TABLE    OF   ABBREVIATIONS 

USED  IN  THE  INDEX,  AND  OCCASIONALLY  ELSEWHERE. 

N.B. — Ancient  names  are  usually  printed  in  capitals;   modern   place-names   and 
abbreviated  names  of  Museums  in  italics. 


2?^  =  object  of  bronze. 

Ag.  Par,    =Agia  Paraskevi. 

Am.  =Amathus. 

amph.         =  amphora. 

Jf^.  =  object  of  silver. 

H  =  object  of  gold. 

Ashm.         —  Ashmolcan  Museum,  Oxford. 

attr.  =  attribute  of  a  deity. 

bf.  =  Attic  black-figured  vases. 

bgl.  =  Attic  black-glazed  vases. 

Bibl.  jVa/.  =Bibliotheque      Nationale, 

Paris. 
B.  P.  Ware  =  Black  Punctured  Ware,  p.  37. 

B.  R.Ware  =  Base-ring  Ware,  p.  37. 
BrA.  =  Bronze  Age. 

Brit.  =  British  Museum. 

C.  E.  F.     =  Cyprus  Exploration  Fund. 
C.  M.  =  Cyprus  Museum. 

C.  M.  C.    =  Cyprus  Museum  Catalogue. 

cone.  =  concentric. 

Cu.  =  object  of  copper. 

Eg.  =  Egj'ptian. 

Fe.  =  object  of  iron. 

Fiizw.  =Fitz\villiam  Museum,  Cam- 
bridge. 

fragt.  =  fragment. 

GkPh.        =Graeco-Phoenician. 

GkR.  =Graeco-Roman. 

Gl.  =  object  of  glass. 

Hellc.  =  Hellenic,  or  showing  Hel- 
lenic influences. 

hr.  =  handle-ridge,  of  vases. 

imit.  =  Cypriote  imitation  oi. 


J.  H.  S. 

=  Journal  of  Hellenic  Studies. 

KBH. 

=  Ohnefalsch-Richter,       '  Ky- 

pros,the  Bible,  and  Homer.' 

1892. 

Lou. 

=  Louvre  Museum. 

MMC. 

=  Bliss,      'Mound     of    Many 

Cities.'     1894. 

MN. 

=  Musee  Napoleon  (Louvre). 

MS.  Rep. 

=  Manuscript  reports  of  O-R.'s 

earlier  excavations  for  Brit. 

and  C.  M. 

Myk. 

=  Mykenaean. 

NY. 

=  Metropolitan  Museum,  New 

York. 

obj.,  objj. 

=  object,  objects. 

0-R. 

=  Ohnefalsch-Richtcr. 

ornt. 

=  ornament. 

Pb. 

=  object  of  lead. 

Rbw. 

=  GkPh.  fed  ware  with  black 

and  white  paint. 

repr. 

=  a   representation  of  the  ob- 

ject named,  in  sculpture  or 

painting. 

Sc. 

=  sculpture. 

rf 

=  Attic  red-figured  vases. 

^.  Kens. 

=  South  Kensington  Museum. 

Sp.,  spp. 

=  specimen,  specimens. 

StA. 

=  Stone  Age. 

St.  G. 

=  St.    Germain-en-Laye     Mu- 

seum. 

TC,  Tc. 

=  object  of  terracotta. 

TG. 

=  Tomb  Group. 

WL. 

= '  wavy  line   ornament. 

INDEX   I 


OF  NAMES,  PLACES^  OBJECTS,  AND  STYLES. 


For  abbreviations  see  p.  i88. 


Abacus,  6301-6. 

Abd-ashtar,  172. 

'  Abh.  Berl.  Acad.,'  28. 

'Academy,'  6,  7,  20,  172. 

Acorn-shaped  pendants,  35. 

Adonis,  31,  142. 

Aegean,    18,    20,    38-9;     cf.   Cyclades : 

Mykenaean. 
Aeschylos,  30. 

Africa  (Kabyles),  22;  cf.  Libya. 
Agalmatolite,  634  ff.,  66. 
Agate,  8354,  1S3. 
Agios  Barnabas,  11. 
Ag.  Demetrianos,  5. 
Ag.  Gcorgios,   (Idalion)  4,  159,   6300, 

i^Lithrodonia)  9. 
Ag.  Heraklides  (Tamassos),  12. 
Ag.  Hcrvioghies,  7,  3531. 
Ag.  Iannis  tis  Malliintas,  2. 
Ag.  Katrina,  11. 
Ag.  Mndsos  (Tamassos),  12. 
Ag.  Nikoldos,  2. 
Ag.  Paraskevi,  BrA.,  i,  8,  14-5,  23,  27, 

33=  36,  52.     Cf.  Index  IIL  p.  211, 

s.  V. 

—  BrA.  type  of  pottery,  180. 

—  Hellenistic  objects,  95,  TG.  1894,  12, 

2159-61. 

Ag.  Sozdmenos,  2  ;  TG.  58. 

Agora  (Salamis),  ii. 

Agrianos  (amph.  stamp),  2201,  2292. 

Akhna,  i,  21,  30,  141,  153,  156;  Tc. 
3001-15-17-27-73-85-87-91-93- 
95,  3101-3-13-15-17-19. 

Akrostolion,  7. 

Akroteria, 5958-60,5963,6201;  painted, 
5960. 

Alabaster  spindlewhorls,  771  ff. ;  vases, 
2401  ff. ;  TG.  174  {Foli,  106  II., 
218  II.),  176-7  (Amathus,  165, 
100,  97,  147),  17S  (KITION,  31-7), 
181-2  (Kurion),  183-6  (Salamis)  ; 
statuette,  5862  ;  imitations  of,  2147- 
9, 2441-6, 1 74  [Poli,  117 1.);  painted, 
182.     Cf.  Gypsum. 

Alabastra  of  glass,  2520-2536. 

Aldr/tbra,  2,  14,  36,  52. 


Alesiades  (amph.  inscr.),  2232. 

Alexandrian  vase,  2051. 

Alps,  18,  36. 

Altar,  rf.  1659,  1661;  paste,  4770; 
sculptured  (?  base),  5991. 

Ainargelti,  2,  162-4,  3863,  5901-27. 

Araasis  (vase  painter),  1542. 

Amathus,  2 ;  skulls,  1 3 ;  Dipylon  potterj', 
23;  Naukratite  pottery,  25;  miso- 
Hellenic,  30;  scarabs  from,  23  ;  por- 
celain from,  25  ;  silver  bowl,  33 ;  gold 
plate,  34;  painted  stelae,  27,  164-5, 
6951-63  ;  polychrome  vases,  60 ; 
elaborate  GkPh.  amphorae,  1165-70 ; 
TG.  175-7.  See  Index  III,  p.  2 1 1 ,  s.  v. 

Ambelliri ,  3. 

Amber,  4901-3;  cf.  4469,  139,  184. 

American  College,  Beirut,  19. 

Amethyst,  4051,  4054,  4892-3. 

Amethystine  glass,  2843-7. 

Amnion,  repr.  of  Zeus,  1385-6. 

Amorgos,  55,  158;  cf.  Aegean:  Marble 
figures. 

Amorite  culture,  16. 

Amphorae,  24,  38,  41;  BrA.  188-206; 
Myk.  431,  cf.  439-40  ;  GkPh.  TG. 
177;  bf.  1541-3  ;  rf.  1651-2,  1686  ; 
Hellenistic, 2160-1;  alabaster,  2451- 
60,  177  (Am.  147),  178  (Kition, 
25)  ;  glass,  2511-8  ;  repr.  of,  1594  ; 
pendant, ^4354-5, 4365-73, 4439; 
paste,  4933  (wine  amphora);  Rho- 
dian,  179. 

Amulet,  5112-5,  5123,  5148. 

Amyntas  (amph.  stamp),  2268,  2311, 

Andrikos  (amph.  stamp),  2269. 

Andronikos  IV,  141. 

Animals,  repr.  of,  BrA.  36  ;  GrPh.  24,  33  ; 
yE  3851, 3861-2;  jewellery,  35, 4168, 
4251,  4407  (porcelain);  seal,  4521, 
4751  ff,  (Eg.porcel.un);  fresco, 5960. 
Animal-shaped  vases,  24  ;  BrA.  215, 
388-9,442;  to  support  throne,  6162; 
as  votive  offerings,  31.  Animal-headed 
deities,  4726-37,  4746. 

Ankh  symbol,  4541,  4546. 

Anklet,  v.  Bracelet. 


190 


INDEX    I. 


'Annales'  (Menant),  28. 

Annunciation,  repr.  of,  4897. 

Anthro]iometry,  13. 

Aiithropomoipliic  deities,  31  ;  vases,  33. 

Antiphancs  (amph.  stamp),  2270. 

Apamitios  (amph.  stamp),  2231,  2244. 

Ape,  repr.  of,  4751-2. 

Aphrodisia,  inscr.  5963. 

Aphrodite,  Kourotrophos,  3  ;  Paphia,  5, 
10,  1^9,  5390-1  ;  at  Idalion,  3,  4,  157, 
160;  at  Katydata-Linii,  4 ;  at  Khytroi, 
5,  149;  at  Paplios,  10;  tortoise  sacred 
to,  31  ;  witli  Adonis,  142  ;  repr.  of?, 
4971,  5140. 

Apis,  5763. 

Aplustre,  Tc.  3351. 

Apollo,  Amyklaios,  8  ;  Aids  rrpo(l>rjTr]s.  141; 
Katharsios,  31,  141  ;  Kitharoedos,  repr. 
of,  1356  ;  ^iclanthios,  2,  162-4,  5921- 
4  ;  Opaon,  v.  Melanthios. 

at  Amargetti,  2;  at  Frangissa,  12; 
at  Idalion,  3;  at  Kalymnos,  138;  at 
Kosci,  6  ;  at  Limniti,  6  ;  at  Tamassos, 
12  ;  at  Voni,  5,  141. 

Statues  of,  5048-53 ;  dedication  to, 
5142-5  ;  from  Orchomenos,-  &c.,  cf. 
3865.  5009,  6084. 

Attributes:  eagle,  141, 5048-9;  fawn, 
141,5051-2;  lyre,  1356  ;  Nike,  141, 
5050;  roll,  5048;  sphinx?,  142; 
temple-boy,  142,  5053. 

Apoptygma,  81. 

Apple'(attribnte\  146,  167,  5992. 

Aqueduct  (Ktima),  6. 

Aratophanes  (amph.  stamp),  2201. 

'Archaeologia,'  41. 

'Archaeol.  Zeitung,'  6,  7. 

Archaic  smile,  30,  5008,  5010,  5012, 
5018,  5640  ;  type  of  features,  3111, 
3185.  5002,  5005-10  (esp.  5006), 
5089.  5223-47  (esp.  5244-7),  5304, 
5323-34,  5338-9,  5573-5,  5640-2, 
5858,  5913,  6083-4. 

Archery,  is  ;  cf.  Arrow. 

'Archives  des  Missions,'  7,  13. 

Archokrates  (amph.  stamp),  2204. 

Aretine  (pseudo-Samian)  ware,  93,  2113 
ff. ;  174  {ro/i,  218  II.),  176  (Am.  64, 
100,  142,  213),  179  (KITION,  45); 
imit.  175. 

Argive  colony  at  Kurion,  40,  180. 

Aristagoras  (amph.  stamp),  2233. 

Aristeides  (amph.  stamp),  2234. 

Aristokypras,  6222. 

Ariston  (amph.  stamp),  2231. 

Aristos,  6222. 

Arm  of  statue  a  separate  piece,  Tc.  5813. 

Armilla,  175;  v.  Bracelet. 

Armlet,  v.  Bracelet. 

Annour,  Cvpriote,  29;  repr.  of,  3147; 
7E  3801  ft. ;  Fe.  391 1  ff.  Cf.  Helmet, 
Shield,  Sword,  &c. 

Arrow-heads:  absent  in  BrA.  15,  but  Mvk. 
184  ;  Hellc.  A^  3811-3-6  C  Fe.  3924, 
173  (3934  should  be  3924);  orna- 
ment, 24, 1117,  1169  ;  for  buds,  1059  a. 


ArsinoK,  9  ;  V.  Po/i. 

Art,  history  of  Cypriote,  23. 

Artemidoros,  5922. 

Artemis.  Paralia,  6. 

at  Akhna,  i ;  at  Idalion  (Brit.  Mus.), 
cf.  6107-8,  170  ;  at  Kition,  5,  6,  153; 
at  .Salamis,  11;   at  Voni,  142. 

Kepr.  of?,  5140-1,  5991;  inscr.  to, 
5146  ;  attr.  fawn,  5991. 

Ashmolcan  Museum,  sjip.  from  Ag.  Para- 
skevi,  1894,  10;  cf.  92.  Amotgos,  55. 
Crete  (.i^i),  51.  Egypt,  38,  Kalopsida, 
4,  5,  7,  80  ;  cf.  286.  Laksha  tu  Riu, 
183,  cf.  305.  Larnaka  (Hatsalos  and 
Kamelarga),  6,  33,  179,  (Turabi)  56. 
Paphos,  34,  138,  174.  Phrygia,  37. 
Pyla,  II.  Salamis  ^Toumba),  12. 
Aliscell. :  BrA.  figurine,  27  ;  fibula,  cf. 
4824  ;  jewellery,  cf.  4348-9,  4377  ; 
sculpture,  cf.  4377,  5260;  terracottas, 
cf.  5501  ff.  ;  wheel-made  ware,  38.  See 
Index  of  Museums,  pp.  217-8. 

Asia  Minor,  19,  40. 

Asiatic  importations,  15. 

Askos,  BrA.  181  ;  PIcl'lc.  1701  ff.,  177, 
Am.  59;  native  imitations,  1756,  2081. 

Aspi'a  Ge,  v.  Aldmhra. 

Ass,  repr.  of,  Tc.  32,  3221 ;  bf.  1594. 

Assarlik,  in  Karia,  138. 

Assurbanipal,  28. 

Assyrian  gem  engraving,  4581 ;  helmet 
(repr.),  5542  ;  horses'  manes,  cf.  3303  ; 
infl.  in  Cyprus,  28-9 ;  sculpture,  cf. 
5018  ;  tribute-lists,  8,  28. 

Astarte,  with  Adonis,  142  ;  symbolic 
crescent,  110,  6301-6. 

Atesippos  (amph.  stamp),  2236. 

'Athenaeum,'  6,  7. 

Athenacus,  29. 

Athene  Promachos,  4603.  Parthenos, 
5991;  at  Idalion,  3. 

Repr.  gems,  4603 ;  gem  from  Ku- 
rion, 7,  182;  lamp,  1384;  statuette 
from  .Salamis,  ii  ;  from  Varvakeion, 
T45  ;  altar  from  Vitsada,  5991. 

Athens,  I S,  39;  'ESc.  'Wvovaiov,  cf /7^3ei3, 
6720  ;  Sc.  9,  5009  ;  Acropolis  Mus. 
No.  444  (Musees  d'Athcncs,  PI.  vi), 
cf.  5641-2,  5813  ;  v.  Attic,  Attica. 

Athenian  campaigns  in  the  Levant,  30. 

Attic  silver  mines,  34. 

—  vases,  25,  61,  81,  173;  bf.  1541  flf.  ; 
from  KuRiON,  1S2  ;  Poll,  174;  Cypri- 
ote school  of,  1085,  61,  1603  ;  SALA- 
MIS, II. 

rf.  1645  ff. ;  from  Amathus,  176-7, 
Bdtsalos,  5592  ff. ;  Poll,  9,  30,  173-4; 
Salamis,  ii. 

b.  glaze,  25,  61,1801-1865;  from 
Amathus,  180;  imit.  177;  Kurion 
(Italian  var.),  180  ;  Poli,  173. 

—  sculpture,  4th  cent.  6315. 
Attica,  sub-Mykenaean,  21. 
Attributes  of  deities,  31. 

'  AusLmd,'  5. 
AvgSro,  21. 


OF    NAMES,    PLACES,    OBJECTS,    AND    STYLES. 


191 


Awls,  15,  53,  JE  563  ff.  ;  bone,  610. 
Axeheads,  stone,  v.  Celt;  JE  181,  501  ff.; 
miniature,  JE  3825. 

Babylonian  cylinder,  i,  32  ;  gold  ring,  11, 

34- 
Balance,  JE  3695,  181  ;  v.  Scales. 

—  of  power  in  Cyprus,  30. 
Ballas-Naqada,  16,  38-9. 
'Ba7nbula,  5,  5599. 

Barrel-shaped  vases,  980  ff.,  177 ;  Am.  20. 
Basalt  mortar,   181  ;    spindlewhorl,  183  ; 

cylinder,  186. 
Base,   BrA.    vase  with,  211 ;    of  Hellc. 

statues,  5142-3,  5145,  5148  (made  of 

part  of    a    statue),    5149-50,    5391, 

5921-4,  6165-7. 
Base-ring,     16,     21,     36-7;     ornaments 

within,  JE  901  ff. 
Base-ring  Ware,    19,  27-8,   37,   51,    57- 

8,  184-6,  251  ff.,  3321. 
Basket,  repr.  Tc.  3301 ;   panniers,  3331. 

—  work,  16,  36-7  ;  ornament,  BrA.  271- 
7,  311,  328,  346  ff. ;  rf.  1645  ;  Hellc. 
2102.     Ct.  Lattice. 

Bdtsalos,  6,  157,  5590-2. 

Beads,  BrA.  15,  cf.  178,  181  ff. ;  GkPh. 

23,  35;  gold,  33>  35,181-6;  Ji^^.  176, 

Am.  100. 

—  on  earrings,  4026-8,  4030,  4043  ff. 
Beard,  repr.  1S2,  5012-3,  5017-8;  in  a 

separate  piece,  5017. 

Bee,  repr.  of,  4154. 

Beirut,  19. 

Bell,  Tc.  1195,  3357-9  ;  JE  4431. 

Benzinger,  Dr.,  39. 

Berlin  Antiquarium,  spp.  from  Ag.  Para- 
skevi,  15,  27.  Ag.  Sozomenos,  2,  58. 
Amathus,  34 ;  Idalion,  3,  4,  30,  34, 
157.  Katydatu-Linii,  4.  Kition,  28, 
(Sargon  stele)  30.  Kurion,  34.  Lam- 
berli,  16.  Lapathos,  8.  Limniti,  8, 
30.  NikoHdes,  2,  58,  186;  Tamassos, 
12,  33.  59.  Inv.  No.  109,  cf.  464  ;  466, 
cf.499a;  statue,KBH.  xlii.  5,  cf.  5136. 

• —  Volkerkiinde  (Schliemann  Coll.),  39. 

Bes,  Egyptian  charm,  4721-4. 

Bezel  of  rings,  35;  glass,  106;  engraved, 
35  ;  niello,  140,  4897. 

Bezold,  Dr.,  i,  15,  134,  4501. 

'  Bibliography  of  Cyprus,'  C.  D.  Cobham, 

7- 
Bibliotheque     Nationale,    v.    Index     to 

Museums,  p.  219. 
Biddulph,  Sir  R.,  4. 
Biga,  v.  Chariot. 

Bilingual  inscription,  v.  Inscriptions. 
Binding-ornament,  921,  1091,  1173. 

—  of  boxes,  3631  ff. 
Bird-cage  ?,  2146. 

faced  Tc.  27,  51,  466. 

—  -jug,  type  of  oenochoe,  1086. 

—  repr.  of;  BrA.  36,  44,  225,  51  ;  Myk. 
186;  GkPh.  177  (^w.  214);  tc.  3251- 
76  ;  on  lamps,  1337,  1342  ;  on  rings, 
4147,  4154;   gems,  &c.,  4563,  4601, 


182;  Byz.  K  4891;  votive,  31,  51, 
3015,  3111-2  ;  held  by  statues,  3161, 
3207,  3217  (?  a  pet),  5114-24  ;  stone, 
5155,  5202-7  a,  5535-7,  5717,  5886, 
6092-5. 

Bit,  JE  3841-2  ;  v.  Harness. 

Bithynia,  17. 

Black  figured,  v.  Attic  vases. 

—  glazed,  GkPh.  1025. 

—  Glazed  Ware,  BrA.  39,  185. 

—  Punctured  Ware,  BrA.  19,  "37-S,  281- 
8  ;  cf.  39. 

—  Slip  Ware,  BrA.  37,  41,  57-8,  181,  40, 
111-114,  117-20,  125-7,  203-5.  209, 
217,  cf.  319-21 ;  with  red  paint,  401-2  ; 
GkPh.  59,  1016,  1020. 

—  van  of  Red  Wares,  BrA.  17,  ?,6,  39, 
75-87,207,703-7;  red  outside,  82; 
GkPh.  1008,  1074. 

—  Ware,  BrA.  (  =  Base-ring  Ware),  183-4, 
cf.  39.  75  ;  GkPh.  59,  931,  985, 1008^ 
1017  a,  1018  a,  1033  ff.,  1074  (var.  of 
red  ware). 

Bliss,  Dr.  F.  J.,  Tell-el-Hesy,  20,  37,  39, 

51,  182. 

MMC.  fig.  82, 655  ;  figs.  9S-100, 591 

-3;  figs.  101-2,  572;  fig.  iii,  cf.  464; 

fig.  154,  C.  M.  C.  183  ;  fig.  174,  964. 
Bloodstone,  4581. 
Boar,  repr.  of,  lamp,  1341. 
Boat,  repr.  of,  Tc.  3351-5. 

shaped  earrings,  34,  121. 

Boeotia,  red  paint  of,  23  ;  early  sculpture, 

143,  169. 
BoiffFos  (amph.  stamp"),  2271. 
Bone  objects,  BrA.  23,  186,  610  ;  GkPh. 

720 ff.;  Hellc.  177,182;  flutes,  3848-9. 
Boots  of  early  Tc.  3137,  5995,  6025. 
Bored  and  drilled  holes,  55. 

—  hole  in  foot  of  a  plate,  2118  a. 

Boss  ornt.,  BrA.  53,  93,  120  a,  194,  204  ; 
cf.  Button  ornt. 

—  of  Oriental  shield,  Fe.  3931-2. 
Bottle-jug,  1021  ff.,  2074-5,  2135-6, 153, 

5799. 

Bow,  attr.  of  Eros,  3163. 

Bowl,  stone,  2;  bronze,  3503 ff.  ;  pottery, 
24,  36  ;  glass,  2716-33,  2790-4,  2801, 
2811,  2828-30,  2842-5,  2848;  carried 
by  votaries,  5337  a,  5525-6,  5539- 
40. 

—  covers,  painted  glass,  2861-81,  177. 
Box,  JE  3561-8,  1S2  ;  repr.  of,  rf.  1663  ; 

bindings  of,  3631  ff.,  174,  178;  leaden, 
3965-74,  179;  bone,  4981-8,177; 
Al  182. 

Bracelet,  15,  33-4,  130,  4250-80,  Byz., 
4894-5,  176-7  (Amathus);  repr. 
5641,  5751-4,  5991,  6311-3,  178-9 
(Kition),  181  (Kurion);  animal- 
headed,  35  ;  armlet,  repr.  6083. 

Bracket  ?,  JE  3575  ;  porcelain,  4775-6. 

Brazier  ?,  2146. 

Breadmaking,  Tc.  3145,  cf.  JE  561  note. 

Breastplate,  /E  3826-7,  182. 

Breccia,  5926-7. 


192 


INDEX    I. 


Bretas(  =  Myk.  Tc),  183. 

Bricks,  Myken.ican,  185. 

Bridal  scene,  rf.  1645. 

Bridle,  v.  Harness. 

B.-itish  Government  in  Cyprus,  5. 

—  Museum,  spp.  from  Akhna,  I,  30, 
cf.  5571.  Alambra,  2.  Amathus,  3, 
35,  68,  175,  1501;  cf.  1603,  3195, 
3341  ff.  Idalion,  3,  cf.  3095,  5053, 
5066  fl".,  cf.  6107-8,  6116.  Kahun, 
38.  Kurion,  7,  31  ;  portrait  statue,  33; 
gold,  39;  BrA.  figurine,  51  ;  jade,  52. 
RIari,  9.  Ormidhia,  10.  Phoenichals, 
10.  I'oli,  9  ;  marble  torso,  30.  Pyla, 
166;  cf  5991-7.  Salamis,  il,  12, 
33,  101.  Syria,  glass,  2704-5.  Ta- 
massos,  12,  77.  Zarukas,  187.  See  In- 
dex of  Museums,  p.  216,  s.  v, 

—  School  of  Archaeolo,q;y,  3,  9. 
Bromios  (amph.  inscr.),  2232,  2272-3[-4 

Bronze  Age,  civilization,  i4fr. ;  figurines, 

27,  51 ;  glass,  100;  human  remains,  13; 

implements,  53-4;  jewellery,  33, 130-1, 

4000-4,  4101,  4471-9;    lamp?,  80; 

ornament     (on     GkPh.    vase\    1136 ; 

plouglishare,  54,609 ;  population,  I4ff. ; 

porcelain,  55  ;  pottery,  16,  36  ff.,  1-449 ; 

seals,  32  ;  settlements,  14;  sites,  1-12, 

14    (list);     spindlewhorls,    55;     stone 

implements    of  BrA.  52  ;     terracottas, 

27,  51  ;  tombs,  14  ;  tomb-groups,  57-8  ; 

touchstone,  488;  weapons,   15,  53-4; 

whetstone,  52. 
Bronze  objects  from  tombs,  1 73  ;  bowls, 

176,   177,182,183,  186;  cuirass,  182; 

silver-plated,    182;      implements,    i;3; 

jewellery,  33;    lamp,  80,  176;    proto- 

tvpes  of  poiterv,  cf.  965-7  ;  vases,  1S4, 

4176  ff ,  8259,  4263-70. 
Brown,  Mr.  S.,  7. 
Bucchero  of  Cyprus,  38,  47,  59,  70,  72, 

184-5;  black,  1033-47,  1101-2;  red, 

1039, 

—  of  Italy,  38,  59. 
Buckle,  AL  3831  2. 

Bud  ornament,  1059  a,  1167-8. 

Biigelkanne,  430,  58. 

Bull,  repr.  of,  on  Myk.  vases,  40,  184,  186; 
on  lamp,  1347;  gem,  180;  human- 
headed,  5208  a;  head,  on  GkPh.  vases, 
6o;  earring,  4016,  4020-1-25-27- 
31-2  ;  pendant, 4375, 5208-8  a,  1 83-6 ; 
on  diadem,  1 84 ;  Tc.  5566, 184-6, 5734, 
5845 ;  cf.  Cow. 

Burial;  customs,  15,  25,31;  of  terracottas, 
31  ;  of  coins,  26  ;  reburials,  26;  surface 
graves,  27;  mouth-plate,  131. 

Burnishers  for  pottery,  16,  36,  183. 

Butmir,  38. 

Button,  132;  replacing  fibulae,  24. 

—  ornament,  BrA.  120  a,  36. 
Byzantine  c^ross,  ^4435, 133  ;  jewellery, 

5,  35,  140,  4891-7;  lamps,  80,  1396- 
1426 ;  tombs  at  Voni,  5 ;  at  Ktima, 
6. 


Cable  ornt.,  v.  Rope  ornt. 

Caduceus  (attribute),  2024,  3201,  4609, 

5991. 
Cakes,  votive,  Tc.  3112,  5522-4,  5660 

-1. 
Calf,  votive,  5528,  5532. 
Cambridge,  v.  Fitzwilliam  Museum. 
Campaiiopetra  (Salamis'i,  n. 
Candelabra,  iE  3611-20,  174,  180,  182. 
Cap    (of  Temple-boy\    5129-35,    5211, 

6119-26,    cf.    5795-8,   5556;    Phry- 
gian V,  5564 ;  wedge-shaped,  5686-92 ; 

close-fitting,  184. 
Capital,  5951,  5953,  5599. 
Capsa,  leaden,  182. 
Carbuncle?,  4214-5,  175. 
Caricature,  Tc.  3123,  3173. 
Carnelian,  7,  33,  35,  184,  186. 
Cart,   24.   Tc.    3341-5;    -wheel,    3986. 

5840-2,  177  (^w.  158). 
Carthage,  22. 
Cartouche,  Thothmes  III,  20,  4542-3, 

4550. 
Castillon  de  St.  Victor,  Vicomte  E.  de, 

Kurion,  7,  12. 
Cat,  repr.  of,  rf.  1702  1707-10, 1721-33, 

1781,  1783-5  ;  Eg.  porcelain,  4753. 
Catapult-stone,  499  a. 
Cattle,  votive,  27;  cf.  Pull. 
Cave-burial,  Leondari  Vuno,  8. 
Ceccaldi,  2,  4,  6. 
Celts,  13,  181,  470. 
Centaur,   repr.   of,  1358    (lamp) ;   1554 

(bf.). 
Central  Europe,  17,  18,  27,  53-4. 
Cesnola,  A.  P.  di,  Salamis,  11,  25,  2120 ; 

Ormidhia,    1138,    1140,    1158  ;     objj. 

confiscated    from   .   .    .  PrA.    604-5  ; 

GkPh.  908,  947  a,  1136,  1138,  1140, 

1158. 1342,  1377, 1393  ;  Hellc.  2120, 

2132,  2142,  2419  ;    Tc.  3123,  3133, 

3151-3,  3161.  3165-7,    3199,  3207, 

3251,  3331  ;  J\L  3715  ;  X  4270,  4971. 

'Salaminia,'  v.  Index  of  Publications, 

p.  220. 
Cesnola,  L.  P.  di,  Agia  Paraskevi,  180; 

Alchiia,  I  ;  Ainargetti,  2  ;  Amathtis,  3, 

no,    119;    Dades,    21;    Idalion,    3; 

Kit  ion,  Batsalos,  6,   157;  Kurion,  7; 

lildri,    180;     Throni,    14.      'Cyprus,' 

p.  311,  cf  4251;  p.  336,  cf.  3613. 
Chain-earrings,  122,  133.  4394-6. 
—  ornt.,  BrA.  13,  43,^90, 120  ff.,  209. 
Chains,  175,  180. 
Chair,   repr.    Tc.    3095-7-9,    3211-32, 

5954,  6311  ;  cf.  Throne. 
Chalcedony,  33, 1 84,  4202,  4582 ;  partly 

cut,  1S4. 
Chard,  Major,  Kurion,  7. 
Chariot,  repr.  40,  183,  185,  1776,  6231; 

-door,  6005.     Biga,  lamp,  1414  ;    bf. 

1597.     Quadriga,  bf.  1595  ;  Sc.  5991, 

6000,  Tc.  6001-5,  182. 
Charioteer?,   M  3857,   Tc.  5834;    Sc. 

5991,  6000. 
Chariot-smith,  6231. 


OF    NAMES,    PLACES,    OBJECTS,    AND    STYLES. 


193 


Charitimos,  5390. 

Chequer-ornt.,  BrA.  36,  38,  39,  183.  197, 
202,  304,  344-5 ;  GkPh.  920  a,*947  a, 
1028  a,  1170,  1266. 

Chevron,  ornt.,  BrA.  38,  307-10,  312, 
329,  334-5,  343,  346  ff.  ;  edge  of 
drapery,  Tc.  3021,  3137  a ;  gold, 
8354  ;  Sc.  6301-6  ;  cf.  Triangle. 

Chisel,  V.  Knife;  in  sculpture,  28,  30. 

—  BrA.,  604. 

Chiton,  repr,  of,  bf.  1543.  1603;  of 
crinkled  (ribbed)  material,  5014,  5020, 
5022-3;  foldless,  5001,5003.5217- 
23,  5282, 5301, 5717-8,  6014,6040, 
6049;  tight-fitting,  5572;  sleeveless, 
Hellc.  5992,  6311;  with  diplois, 
5266,  5991;  short,  5112,  5201-2, 
5822,  5901-2  a,  5954;  two  worn 
together,  5823  ;  with  armholes  at 
elbow,  5004,  5023,  5282,  5571,  5602 
-3,  6311,  6313. 

Chlamys,  5063. 

Chresimos  (amph.  stamp),  2214,  2214  a. 

Christian  bronze  cross,  Foni,  5  ;  cf. 
Byzantine. 

—  church  ?,  141. 
Christian,  C.,  Foli,  9. 
Christian,  P.,  Salamis,  183-4. 
Chronological  data,  25  (Tomb-groups)  ; 

theories,  26. 
Chthonic  deities,  offerings  to,  31. 
Ciempozuelos,  38. 
Cilicia,  19,  20. 
Cippi,  27,  6205,  6207. 
Circle,  concentric,  q.v.  ;  incised,  BrA.  60. 
Cistern,  8. 

Clamp,  JE  3834  ;  cf.  Cramp. 
Clapping  hands,  votary,  5705. 
Claw-mount,  4009,  4092,  4190. 
Clays:   of  Cyprus,    28,    30,    59;    GkPh. 

963-4,     Tc.    3063  ff.,    3193,    3195. 

Limiiiti,  165. 
Cloisonne  enamel,  35,  4193,  4365. 
Clustered  brushes,  in  vase  painting,  39. 
Cobham,    C.    D.,     Akhna,     i,     107-9 ; 

Larnaka,  6  ;  cf.  2800,  3015. 
Cock,  votive,  32,  3259,  5341. 
Coffin  bindings,  /E  3631  ff.,   174  {Poll, 

117  I ),  178  (KiTiON,  31-7). 
Coins,  Al  175,  176,  178. 
Collar :    of  horse,   6009-11 ;   =  socket, 

6056-7. 
Collilz,  Dr.,  5. 

Colonna  Ceccaldi,  v.  Ceccaldi. 
Colossal  terracottas,  29,  5994,  6016. 
Coloured  Slip  Wares,  60,  174  (/V//,  106, 

IL). 
Column,  33,  35,  5906. 

—  -drums,  Salamis,  12. 

—  Doric  (late),  5048,  5050-1. 
Commissioner:   of  Larnaka,  6,  103,  153, 

172  ;  Limassol,  8,  175  ;  Nicosia,  123  «., 

140;  Paphos,  6212. 
Compasses,  JE  3697-8, 
Composite  capital,  repr.  of,  4942. 
Concave  base  of  wine  amphora,  2009. 


Concentric  circles:  origin,  21;  develop- 
ment, 24  ;  BrA.  36,  63  ;  central  dot 
only,  1087  ;  GkPh.  60,  901  (broad 
bands),  913,  953  a,  972-7,  980-1, 
987-8,  990,  992-3,  996,  1005-6, 
1009-11,  1017,  1027  b,  1028,  1049, 
1053,  1055,  1057,  1059-60,  1062, 
1070,  1072,  1093,  1097,  1113-4, 
1121,  1145-54,  1161-3,  1182-7,  1151, 
1227, 1 76,  Am.  154),  i7S(KrriON,34), 
182  ^KURION),  185  (Myk.);  drilled, 
23;  on  gold  work,  34,  4377,  4394; 
on  mirror,  JE  3795  ;   on  bead,  4567. 

—  semicircles,  BrA.  438  ;  GkPh.  953  a. 
Cones,  votive,  2. 

Confiscations,    74,    1132,    103,    2768-9, 

6306,  5991-7. 
Conical    seals,    21,    32,    33  (late),    134, 

4526-8;  beads  '^double-conical,  q.v.), 

23- 

—  perforation  of  spindlewhorls,  55. 

Conservatism  in  Cypriote  art,  26. 

Convict-labour,  6. 

Conze,  Dr.  A.,  7. 

Cooke,  Rev.  G.  A.,  6,  172. 

Cooking  pot,  180-7,  179. 

Copper  Age,  v.  Bronze  Age,  14,  15  n. ; 
jewellery,  33  ;  mines,  {Katydata- Linii) 
4,  {Lithrodonta)  9,  {Sinai)  17  ;  trade, 
{Jllarion)  9,  30,  (in  BrA.)  17  ;  copper- 
working  and  glass-working,  23,  100. 

Coral  ring,  4911 ;  charm,  4783-5. 

Corinthian  pottery,  (Myk.)  40,  (orienta- 
lizing) 25  ;  cf.  Prolo-Corinthian. 

Corn-bruiser,  493  ff.  ;  -rubber,  15,  52, 
471  ff. ;  V.  Saddle-quern. 

—  ears,  4610. 

Cornice,  5164,  5960,  6204,  6300,  159; 
painted,  5991. 

Cornucopiae,  4610. 

'  Corpus  Inscriptionum  Semiticarum,'  5. 

Couch,  repr.,  Tc.  3139-44,  3233-5, 
3245-6. 

Counters,  glass,  4945. 

Court  of  Burnt  Offering,  in  Cypr.  sanctu- 
aries, 141. 

Covers  of  bowls,  Br.  A., 180  (  =  lid),  230- 
1,  235-6  ;  GkPh.  926  a,  927  a,  957- 
62  ;  M  3555. 

Cow,  V.  Bull  ;  porcelain,  4754-5,  4766. 

—  and  calf,  repr.  of,  4582. 
Cramp-hole,  5952  ;  cf.  Clamp. 
Crescent,    BrA.    ornt.    93 ;    on    cylinder, 

450  ;   on  stele,  6301-6. 
shaped  earrings,  34, 4066-74  ;  beads, 

4451. 
Crete,  BrA.  19,  30,  40;  sub-Myk.  21,  23, 

24;  marble  figures,  27  ;  bronze-,  51. 
Crocodile,  repr.,  4562. 
Cross,  JE.  5,  4435,  4891,  4897  ;  on  lamp, 

1416. 

—  ornament,  GkPh.  901  a  (Maltese), 
902  a,  903,  952  a,  979,  1056,  1097- 
8,  1115, 1169  ;  Hellc.  2053. 

—  and  Points,  -^  950,  4529. 

—  -hatching,  of  triangles,  &c.,  38,  257-8, 


O 


194 


INDEX    I. 


260 ;  of  drapery,  5902  ;  cf.  Lattice : 
Triangles. 

Crouching  figure,  gem,  4585 ;  porce- 
lain, 4762 ;  stone,  5866  ;  cr.  boy,  v. 
Temple-boy. 

Crown,  mural,  5575  ;  vase-shaped,  5577. 

Cubical  pendant  of  earring,  34,  123, 
8007  ;  porcelain,  4779-81. 

—  seals,  32,  135. 
Cuirass,  JE  182. 
Cnlt-statue,  repr.  of,  3091. 
Culture  and  race,  13. 
Cuneiform,  v.  Inscriptions. 

Cup,  miniature,  44 ;  rf.  1683,  1825 ; 
carried  by  votaries,  5527. 

and-saucer  vessels,  963-4. 

'  Curium  Treasure,'  7. 

Cyathus,  JE  3601-7,  179. 

Cyclades,  27;  marble  figures,  51;  cf. 
Aegean :   Mykenaean. 

Cylinder,  Asiatic,  19,  32;  Babylonian, 
I,  19,  20,  32,  57,  4501;  Cypriote,  32, 
134-5,  4502-6  ;  Mykenaean,  11,  1S3- 
6;  Phoenician,  19,  32,  180;  mounts, 
16.  33.  57'  4501-2;  stone-paste,  15, 
32  ;  superseded  by  conical  seals,  21. 

Cylindrical  seal,  4524. 

Cymbals,  miniature,  179. 

Cypress?,  repr.  rf  1656. 

Cypriote  Inscriptions,  v.  Inscriptions. 

—  engraving,  4561-8. 

—  style  of  sculpture,  27-31,  184. 
Cyprus    Expl.   Fund,   Ag.   Paraskevi,   1  ; 

Amargetii,  2  ;  Kalopsida,  4  ;  Kition 
(Batsalos,  Kamelarga,  Turabi  Teke ',  6, 
178-9;  Laksha  tu  Riu,  7;  Leondari 
Vuno,  8  ;  Limniti,  8  ;  Poli,  9 ;  Paphos, 
10  ;  Salamis,  11-12. 

•Cyprus  Museum,'  5,  143,  152. 

Cyrenaica,  37. 


D-ring,  JE  3833. 

Dades,  site,    21  ;    proper    name    (amph. 

inscr.),  2248  [2253]. 
Dagger-blades,    ij,    53,    57,    181,    183, 

505  ff. 
'  Daily  Graphic,'  4  ;  28/12/94,  6307. 
Daitnonosiasion,  S ALAMOS,  11. 
Damage  by  neglect,  vi.  2,  121,  140,  168, 

1/5- 
Damiainetos  (amph.  inscr.),  2238. 

Damokrates  (amph.  inscr.),  2211  [2218, 
95  n.l,  2239. 

Damothemis  (amph.  inscr.),  2237- 

Dance,  repr.  bf  1542,  1596,  1626-7; 
-ritual,  31  ;  cf  Ring-dance. 

Danubian  culture-province,  18. 

Daphnae  (Defenneh),  123. 

Deer,  repr.  Br  A.  24,  27,  185,  96-100, 
196  a,  of.  261;  bf.  1557,  1596; 
^3862  =  5163;  seal,  181,  4504-5, 
4564  ;  fawn,  rf  1668;  attr.  of  Apollo, 
141,  5051-2;  of  Artemis,  5991. 

Defenneh  (Daphnae),  123. 

De  Luynes  Coll.,  p.  219;  v.  Bibl.  Nat. 


Demeter,  at  KURION,  7,  181;  repr.  of, 
4610,  5991. 

Dentalium  shell,  4497-9. 

Details  added  to  stone  figures,  154,  6000, 
6009-11 ;  to  Tc,  v.  Terracottas. 

Diadem,  v.  Frontlet. 

Dice,  4995. 

Dies  for  stamping  pottery,  25 ;  for  terra- 
cottas, 29. 

Dikomo,  14. 

Dionysios  (amph.  inscr.),  2254. 

Dionysos,  repr.  of,  bf.  1568,  1594-5, 
1631?,  1656?;  in  relief,  1776. 

Diorite,  55. 

Dipping  rod,  3757  ff. ;  cf.  Toilet  arti- 
cles. 

Dipylon  style:  imported  into  Cyprus,  23, 
25,  61;  vases,  23;  form,  1182  ff  ; 
ornt.  24,  1136  ;  sword,  repr.  3303, 
4851;  Tc.  3317,  5343-4,  5562-3, 
6012. 

Disc,  symbolic,  6301-6,  5951. 

Discs  of  clay,  480  ;  Myk.  185. 

Dish-cover,  962,  177  {Am.  20). 

Distaft'-head  ?,  599. 

Diver  ?,  rf  1662  ;  v.  Eros. 

Dog,  repr.  of:  lamp,  1341;  ProtoCor. 
1501  ;  rf  1730-2,  1734-5,  1738, 
1781,  1784;  Tc.  3281-7;  H  4250, 
4437;  Sc.  5576. 

Dolphin,  repr.  of:  Aretine,  2114;  Tc. 
3351;  a  ornt.  4028,  cf.  4438 ;  winged, 
182. 

Dome-shaped  seals,  23;  tombs,  58. 

Domestic  pottery,  GkPh.  59,  61  ;  Hellc. 
92. 

Doric  column  (debased^  5048,  5050-1. 

Dot  ornament,  39;  BrA.  731-2;  GkPh. 
1056  ;  Hellc.  2119,  4309-15  ;  v.  Paint. 

'  Double,'  V.  Ka. 

Double-conical  beads,  23 ;  spindlewhorls, 

56. 
Double-flute,    31,    141,    3177,   5001-2, 

5302-3,  5402-12. 
Dove,  repr.  of:    BrA.  27;  Tc.  3251  6 ; 

Byz.  N  4897  ;  votive,  2,  30,  5019-21, 

5340,  5530-1,  5565,  5829-31,5919- 

20,  6071;    with   'Temple-boy,'    141, 

5114-20,  6121. 
Drain  tile  ?,  5342. 
Draught-players,  bf.  1603. 
Drawers,  6050. 

Dressing  the  hair,  repr.  of,  gem,  4585. 
Drilled  concentric  circles,  23 ;   holes  in 

diorite,  &c.,  55. 
Drimu,  143. 
Duck,      attr.      of    'Temple-boy,'     141, 

5123-4. 
Duck-shaped  vases,  24 ;  GkPh.  1196-7  ; 

rf  1795. 
Diimmler,    Dr.   F.,    Ag.    Paraskevi,    i  ; 

Aid/libra, 2;  IDALION,  3  ;  KuRlON,  7; 

Laksha,   7  ;    Lapathos,   8  ;    Poli,   10 ; 

Psemmatismeno,     ii;     '  Mitth.    Ath.' 

xi  (18S6),  quoted,  14,  20,  39,42  ;  cf  26, 

44,  92,  177,  180,  182,  200,  215,  219, 


OF    NAMES,    PLACES,    OBJECTS,    AND    STYLES. 


195 


225,  261,  386,  505,  546,  551,  634, 

3145,  4824. 
Dumont,  A.,  95. 
Dwarf,  repr.  of,  rf.  1739  ;  'Bes,' 4721-24. 


Eagle,  1339  (lamp) ;  5048-9  (attr.  of 
Apollo). 

Early  Man  in  Cyprus,  13. 

Earrings,  animal's  head,  35  ;  boat-shaped, 
34,  121,  186;  BrA.  15,  18,  27,  51,  175, 
4000-4;  repr.  BrA.  Tc.  464;  Myk. 
180,  183-6;  Byz.  4892-3;  chain,  122; 
crescent-shaped,  34  ;  development  of, 
121-2  ;  electron,  34;  filagree,  34,  182  ; 
glass,  123;  looped  ends  of,  34;  ornt. 
184,  186;  spiral,  35,  122;  'twisted,' 
Myk.  184-5;  woolsack,  123;  repr.  on 
BrA.  vase,  92  ;  on  statues,  5642,  6211. 

^mvXaioi,  5147. 

Egg-and-dart  ornt.,  rf.  1660,  1664, 
1687  ;  Aretine,  2113  ;  stone,  5164. 

Eggs  deposited  in  GkPh.  tomb,  1 76, 
Am.  91. 

Egypt,  primitive,  16-7  ;  VI  Dyn.  16  ; 
XII  Dyn.  15;  XVIII  Dyn.  80;  XIX 
Dyn.  37,  loi ;  XXVI  Dyn.  29;  Ptole- 
maic, 25. 

alabaster,  99 ;  bronze  weapons,  15; 
burial  customs,  31  ;  copper  weapons, 
17;  crown  of  Upper  E.  4546;  De- 
fenneh,  123;  glass,  37,  loo-i,  123; 
imports  from  Cyprus,  19,  29  ;  mirror, 
3750  ;  moulded  terracottas,  23  ;  My- 
kenaean  imports  into,  40;  pins,  53; 
porcelain,  100,  4701-84,  181  ;  pottery, 
17;  ring,  N  186;  scarabs,  8,  15,  23,  32, 
183,  4530,  4541-50,  4582;  style  of 
modelling,  29;  Tc.  3003  ff.,  3093, 
5258-60,5267,5276-80, 5282, 5299, 
5302,5315-22,  5337,  5448-77,5501- 
2,5508,5560-1;  stone,  5001,  5003, 
5148,  5220-2,  5601-39,  5857,  6074. 

€1,  graffito,  1712. 

Electron,  BrA.  15,  33,  34,  183-5;  GkBh. 
4107,  4146,  8186,  4184. 

Ellovoikos,  inscr.  181. 

Elsey  Smith,  Paphos,  10. 

Emblematic  votive  offerings,  31. 

Enamel,  35,  4193,  4365;  green,  181; 
cf.  Porcelain. 

Engobe,  39. 

Enkomi,  v.  Salamis. 

'Ett'  ar^aeS),  35,  4159  60. 

Epeirotes,  inscr.,  5962. 

Episkop),  V.  KuRioN. 

Equipment  of  tombs,  meaning  of,  31. 

Eros,  31,  1353,  1355;  rf.  1655,  1662; 
Tc.  3163  9  ;  K  4029,  4033,  4100  ; 
gems,  4602,  4612;  Sc.  6212  ;  sleeping, 
6213. 

—  and  Psyche,  1311-3  ;  Tc.  3171-3. 

Esarhaddon,  28. 

Escort,  funerary,  32. 

Escutcheon,  ornt.  1652  a. 

Eshmun,  inscr.,  6231. 

O 


"Ecrirepoj,  7. 

Euboea,  red  paint  in,  23. 

Evagoras,  30. 

Evans,  A.  J.,  22. 

Expression,  5992,  6024,  6212. 

Extra  figure,  for  symmetry,  bf.  1551. 

Eye  ornt.,  GkPh.  on  side  of  vase,  1027  ; 
on  lip,  1059  c  ;  bf  1587  a,  1592,  177 
{Am.  97);  Tc.  3107,  3351  (boat);  por- 
celain, 4701-12. 

Eyelet  pins,  54,  183-6,  591  ff. 

Fallen -warrior  pose,  6201. 

Fa/nagusta  (District),  3,  4,  11,  12. 

Fan  ornt.  6307. 

Fantastic  vases,  Libyan,  17:  BrA.  207  ff., 
261,  364-5,  381  ff.;  GkPh.  1195-7; 
bf.  1638  9. 

Fawn,  v.  Deer. 

Fayum,  37,  38. 

'  Feathered '  eyebrows,  5398,  5718, 
5802-7,   6084. 

Feet  of  vases,  BrA.  95,  180-5,  225, 
363  ff.,  416. 

Female,  v.  Human  figure. 

Fibulae,  4821-42,  15,  18,  21,  66,  138, 
175  {Limassol),  176  {Am.  1,  9),  183 
(Kurion)  ;  period  of,  34,  1 30-2;  re- 
placed by  buttons,  24;  vases  found 
with,  965-6. 

Figurines,  v.  Terracottas. 

Filagree  gold  work,  34,  35,  182,  4093, 
4194,  4376,  4392. 

Finger  (of  statue),  M  3863. 

Fire-rake,  3930. 

Fish,  repr.  of,  387,  4438,  5877,  174. 

Fitzwilliam  Museum,  Cambridge  :  Amar- 
gitti,  162.  Leonddri  Vuno,  8  ;  cf. 
520,  591,  599,  611.  Limniti,  8,  165, 
5253.  Italy,  37.  Salamis  (Toumba), 
12,  161  ;  cf  5801-7,  5828.  SoLOl,  4, 
Tamassos,  53,  504.  IkA.  252,  504, 
520, 591,  599, 611 ;  GkPh.  967, 972-3, 
989,  1008,  1074,  1093,  1166,  1253, 
1313  ;  bf  1556,  1772  ;  Hellc.  2147  ; 
yE  3613-20,  3936 ;  K  4001,  4438, 
4852  ;  cf.  Index  of  Museums,  p.  217. 

Flamboyant  profile  of  pin-head,  4861 ; 
pendants,  4891 ;  bone  object,  4951. 

Flasks,  24,  66 ;  BrA.  207-13,  367  ff.  ; 
GkPh.  068  ff.,  177  [Am.  232),  184. 

Flat-backed  terracottas,  78. 

Flat-faced  statuettes,  5859,  5901^3, 
5909-10. 

Fk-sh-hook,  600. 

Fleur-de-lys  ornt.  6S-9,  1014  ff. 

Flint,  absent  from  Cyprus,  13. 

Flower  ornt.,  Myk.  40 ;  K  4098-9  ; 
GkPh.  1059  a;  votive,  3,  31,  5538-9, 
cf  5954,  6313  ;  wreath,  5108  ;  -bearer, 
5604,  5641,  5650-1,  5659,  5662, 
5780. 

Flute-player,  5,  31,  3848  9,  5001-2. 

Fluting  ornt.,  v.  Reeding. 

Fly  pendant,  35. 

Foliage  ornt.,  Gl.  7,  2884 ;  R  8146. 


196 


INDEX    I. 


Foot :  potter's  mark,  2115  ;  signet,  4588. 

Foreshortening;,  6107-8. 

Fork,  600,  3740. 

Formcntalel,  41. 

Forms   of  Pottery,   BrA.   40-1  ;    Gkrh. 

61-2. 
Frdti^^/ssa,  v.  Tamassos. 
Franks,  Sir  A.  \\'.,  15. 
French      Archaeological      School,     39 ; 

Government  iKuRiON),  7. 
Fresco:  Amathus,  165,  5957-62;  Lar- 

naka,  6  ;  Ktima,  6. 
Fringes,  5571,  5723-79. 
Frog,  repr.  186. 
Frontlet:  Mallihita,  2,  5779,  6067,  176 

{Am.  127    ;  Mvk.  1S3-6;  =  Diadtm. 
Fruit,  votive,  5159,  5744,  5791-2,  5004, 

6025,  6102-4,  6311. 
Funerary  terracottas,  31. 
Funnel-shaped     rim     of    vases,     GkPh. 

977  fT.  ;  Tc.  153-4  {f^avwlargh). 
Furtwangler,  Prof.  A., '  Berl.  Vasensamm- 

lung,'  rf.  1603,  163a-9. 

Gabriel,  repr.  of,  Byz.  X  4897  ;  =  Ga- 
vrili,  3. 

Gardner,  Prof.  E.  A.,  Paphos,  10;  chro- 
nology, 26. 

Garnet  and  Garnet-paste,  35,  4052, 
4086,  4605  ;  cf.  Carbuncle. 

Gastrih,  3,  21. 

(Javrili,  v.  Gabriel. 

'  Gazette  des  Beaux  Arts,'  10. 

Gem-engraving,  32,  182,  4581-4615. 

Genre-group,  51,  no;  Tc.  3145;  Sc. 
5576. 

Geometrical  ornament,  16  (modem),  23  ; 
GkPh.  950  a,  951,  965-7,  1106, 1134, 
1136-9,1141-2,1153,1197;  A' 4309- 
15,4507-8;  Tc.  5531;  repr.  of  human 
figure,  185. 

German  Government,  Idalidn,  4;  cf. 
Berlin  Museum. 

Gesture,  3043,  4857,  6014,  6025,  6073 ; 
of  mourning,  463. 

Gigantomachia,  5  ;  A'.  3870. 

Gillikas,  31,  143,  5009,  6221. 

Gladiators,  repr.  of,  1360-2,  175,  178. 

Gladstone,  Dr.  J.  H.,  15. 

Glass,  at  Enkomi,  175  ;  Katydata-Linh^ 
5;  KuRioN,  7;  Tamassos, -works,  12, 
100,  2999;  origin  of,  16,  23,  100; 
varieties,  100-6,  2501-2999,  4916-7, 
4921-6 ;  iridescent,  100,  2703  &c., 
181  ;  variegated,  23,  26,  101-2,  184, 
186;  analysis,  loi  reff. ;  earrings 
(Egypt),  15,  34,  123;  TG.  174  {Poll), 
176-8  (Amathus),  178-9  (Kition); 
set  in  earring,  8049,  4090-1,  4098 
(v.  Paste) ;  spindlewhorls,  56,  793, 
799,  809-10;  prototypes  of  pottery, 
61;  BrA.  181  (Kurion);  blue,  175 
{Enkomi),  176-7  (Amathus,  154, 
232),  179  (Kition,  22);  green,  182; 
Hellc.  clear,  177  {Avi.,  TG.  20, 59,  97, 


100,  147,  232;  64,  07;  178  (ISO, 
142,  213);  179  (KrnoN),  174  {Poli, 
218,  II\  182  (Kurion). 

Glaze,  Ikilc.  black,  1083-4,  1541- 
1865,  cf.  1881 ;  over-fired  red,  1628- 
9,  1653. 

Globular  expansion  of  vase-neck,  GkPh. 
1073. 

Goat,  repr.  of,  2165,3167  (attr.  of  Eros\ 
3328;  A"  4015,  4017,  4024,  4584, 
4592. 

Gold,  BrA.  15,  33,  4501-2;  GkPh.  21, 
180  ff. ;  ruddy  tint  of,  34;  dating 
of,  34;  Hellc.  26;  solid,  4108, 
4250,  4377,  4891-3,  4897;  wire, 
4436  ;  leaf,  4562  ;  on  silver,  4401-4, 
4801;  on  bronze,  122,  180,  3871, 
4109-16,  4251-3  ;  on  clay,  4441-3  ; 
cylinder-mounts,  4501-2  ;  fibula,  34, 
4824  ;  needle,  34  ;  v.  Jewellery  Cata- 
logue, p.  121  ff . ;  engraved  plate,  7, 
24,  34;  ornaments  of  dress,  182;  en- 
graved ring,  182. 

Gold  Coast,  corn  rubbers  of,  15. 

Goodyear,  Prof.  W.  H.,  22,  23. 

Goose,  repr.,  rf.  1713-6,  1723-9,  1738, 
1782. 

Gore-ornament,  36.  37  ;  BrA.  74,  209, 
255-8,  266-7,"  336-41,  368-80,415  ; 
GkPh.  937,  1033    cf.  p.  47),  1112. 

Gorgoneion,  1351,  1771;  X  131,  133, 
4410,  5991. 

Topniaioi  Oiaffos,  5147. 

Gourd  prototvpes  of  pottei7,  16;  -drum, 
5301. 

Government  Inspectors,  7,  175;  share  of 
antiquities,  Fo/t,  9  ;  excavations,  Bam- 
biila,  5599;  Liinassol,  175;  confisca- 
tions, Kcphino,  103  ;  Vitsdda,  bQQY-'l ; 
Idai.ion,  6306. 

'Graberfeld  von  Marion'  (Herrmann),  9, 
131  (fig.  19=4343). 

Graeco-Phoenician  Age  in  Cyprus,  21  ff. ; 
style  of  burial,  31;  of  gem-engraving, 
32-3,  135;  of  jewellery,  34,  121  ff. ;  of 
pottery,  23  ff.,  59  ff.,  901  ff.  ;  chro- 
nology, 25-6  ;  Hellenic  influence,  25  ; 
stvle  of  sculpture,  27  ff.,  5003,  5017, 
5217-9,  5398,  5801-26,  5981-2, 
6016,  6020,  6027  ff. 

Graeco-Roman,  v.  Hellenistic  ;  Roman. 

Graffiti,  90,  173-4  KPoU,  239,  H.)  ;  cf. 
Inscriptions. 

'  Grammar  of  the  Lotus,'  v.  Goodyear. 

Granite-  columns,  Salamis,  ii. 

Grapes,  votive,  Amarg^lli,  2,  5904 ;  as 
attribute?,  5125. 

'  Graphic,'  Akhiia,  i. 

Grasshopper,  repr.  4153. 

Greaves,  repr.,  bf.  1603. 

Greek,  v.  Hellenic. 

Green  paint,  v.  l^aint. 

Greenstone,  52,  470,  4439. 

Greville  Chester,  Rev.  J.,  38. 

Griffin,  repr.  of,  180;  rf.  1703-4;  X 
4131. 


OF    NAMES,    PLACES,    OBJECTS,    AND    STYLES. 


197 


Grinders,  57,  99,  493  ;  cf.  Corn-bruiser 

Pestle. 
Grinding  corn,  repr.  of,  £;i,  no,  3145. 

—  tablet?,  5899. 

Groom,  repr.  of,  Tc.  3301-3. 
Groups  of  bands  i,Myk.  ornt."),  21,  40. 
Guide-rings  of  bracelets,  4270. 
Guillemard,  Dr.  F.  H.,  Lhnniti,  8  ;  oil 

presses,  14. 
Guilloche,  rf.  1671 ;  H  4100,  4581 ;    cf. 

Rope  ornament. 
Gurob,  37,  loi. 
G3'psum,  14,  27;  cf.  Alabaster. 

Hades,  5963. 

Haematite,  11,  23,  32,  4501. 

Haimulie  (inscr.),  5963. 

Hair,  repr.  of,  5756-61,  cf.  Headdress  ; 

rouglily    indicated,    5259-65,    5992, 

6024,  6084,  6168. 
Hake,  Mr.  G.  G.,  Gastria,  3  ;  KuRiON,  6; 

Sai.amis,  II  ;  Tc.  3201. 
Hald  Sultan  Ti^kd,  188. 
Halikarnassos,  28. 
Hammer-stones,  491-2. 
Handle :    double,    917,   1183-4  ;    triple, 

1182 ;  over  mouth  of  vase,   1029   ff. ; 

rudimentary,  1191  ;  turned  out  at  ends, 

920  a  ;    modelled    as     horns,     1184 ; 

ornt.    909;     continued    on    to     body 

of  vase,    909,  944  a  ;  roll  of  clay  on, 

1041-2  ;  of  lamps,  80. 
Handle-ridge,  37,  58,  67  ;  BrA.  251-67; 

GkPh.  ('hr.jug'),  987  ff. 
Hand-made  vases,  BrA.  15,  36-9,  1-299, 

301  ff.  ;  GkPh.  1033,  cf.  p.  47. 
Harbour  works,  Amathus,  2. 
Hare,     repr.     of,    bf.    1558;  rf.  1711-2, 

1724-7;  porcelain,  4756. 
Harp,  31  ;  player,  Tc.  3113-21,  5516. 
Harpokrates,  31,  3161,  4793. 
Hasp  of  lock,  ^  3667. 
Hassan  Effendi,  Larnaka,  17S-9. 
Hatched    triangles,  v.    Triangles ;    other 

hatched  ornts.,  BrA.  200-2,  334-5. 
Hawk,  repr.  of,  4436,  4545,  4725. 
Hawk-headed  deity,  4726-32. 
Headdress,  5546,  5548,  5637-9,  5652- 

7,  5663-8  ;  Egyptian,  5557,  5561 ;  cf. 
Wig,  Hair. 

Heart-shaped  ornament,  4054,  4432-4. 
'  Hebraische  Archaologie,'  40. 
Hegesianus,     'Hyrjffiave     xpl'^'''^      X'^'P^i 

6207. 
Heirlooms,  25,  32. 
Helbig,  Dr.  W.,  135. 
Helios  symbol,  2261-2. 
Hellanikos  (amph.  inscr.),  2212-[13]. 
Hellenic  importations,  22,  25,  30,  81  ff. 

—  influence,  25  ;  on  sculpture,  29,  5027- 

8,  5054-5139,  5141,  6019,  6023, 
6087-91,  6129-55,  6201,  6211-2 ; 
on  pottery,  60-1,  80,  020,  920  a, 
953  a,  1079  ff.,  1168,  1290  ff.,  asp. 
ornts.  of  920-a ;  on  gems,  33. 


Hellenistic,  cf.  Ptolemaic,  Roman.  Sites, 
Ag.  Iannis  tis  Malluntas,  2  ;  Idalion, 
26  ;  Kat^data-Linu,  4 ;  Kerynia,  5 ; 
Kition,  26  ;  Ktima,  6  ;  Kurion,  6-7  ; 
Lapathos,  7  ;  Limniti,  8  ;  Paphos,  10; 
Salamis,  11,  175;  Tamassos,  12; 
Tremithus,  12  ;  Vatili,  12. 

Gems,  33,  4601-15 ;  glass,  loi  ; 
A' 35,  4034-99,  4391-6;  lamps,  80; 
pottery,  91  ff. ;  Tc.  3r,  3059,  3133-5, 
3151,  3161-3207  ;  sculpture,  5,  31  ; 
spindlewhorls,  56  ;  tomb  groups,  i  75, 
177,  179  ;  portraits,  Sc.  5871-2. 

Hellespont,   18. 

Helmet,  Oriental,  Tc.  3147,  5535,  5537, 
5541-2,  6000-3,  6027-33  ;  Graeco- 
Roman,  4604  ;  Hellenic,  bf.  1587  a, 
1589-90  ;  Sc.  5664-8,  5675-7.  5851- 
6,  5860-1,  5903-5,  5911,  5955-6, 
5991-7,  6311-3-5. 

Hemispherical  bowls,  18-9,  39,  57-8. 

Herakles,  31,  142;  rJni,  5136-9; 
Tamassos,  6116-8;  and  Centaur, 
1358 ;  and  kids,  1393 ;  infant,  Tc. 
3151;  running,  180;  attributes  given 
to  Apollo?,  5136  ;  to  Hermes,  3201. 

Hermes,  repr.  3200,  4609,  4792,  5991  ; 
Kourotrophos,  3199 ;  with  attr.  of 
Herakles,  3201. 

Hermia-  (amph.  stamp),  2278. 

Hermophantos  (amph.  stamp),  2254. 

Herodotos  (V.  113),  40. 

Herring-bone  ornament,  1170,  1205. 

Herrmann,  Dr.  P.,  9. 

Hesychos,  "Havxe  XPI'^'^^  X*'/'*.  6205. 

Heuzey,  27,  29,  30,  31,  51  ;  v.  Index  of 
Museums,  p.  218,  s.v.  Louvre. 

Hieroglyphics,  v.  Inscriptions. 

Hieron  (amph.  stamp),  2240. 

High  Commissioner,  4. 

Himation,  repr.  5002,  5008,  5014, 
5019  ff.,  5048,  5053  ff.,  5285,  5641, 
5650  1,  5992,  6000,  6040,  6056, 
6156  ff. 

Hinges,  M  3661  ff.,  179. 

Hippokrates  (amph.  stamp),  2220. 

Hippopotamus-headed  deily,  4736-7, 1 86. 

Hissarlik,    15,    17,   18,   27,   3^,  38-9>  40. 

52,  54- 

Hittite,  19,  32;  seal,  181. 

Hof  Museum  (Vienna),  6. 

Hogarth,  D.  G.,  Amargetd,  2  ;  Paphos, 
10 ;  oil-presses,  14. 

Homeric  Age,  22. 

Hommel,  Dr.  F.,  20. 

Hoops  of  gold,  Myk.  183. 

Horn-ornament,  BrA.  61,  225-6. 

Horned  handles  of  vases,  I^rA.  30,  32-4, 
37,  52,  73,  90,  92,  96  ff.,  111-9, 179, 
203-6,  266  7,  301-5,  306  ff. 

Horse,  repr.  of,  Myk.  40,  184;  bf.  1541, 
1550-2,  1554,  1558-61,  1595-7, 
1623-3  a  ;  rf.  1660  ;  M  4881 ;  Tc. 
3307-17,  5343-5,  5562-3,  5591, 
5828,  6000-12,  6013,  182-3;  hoof  as 
ornt.,  364  ;  tooth  as  burnisher,  16,  36. 


198 


INDEX    I. 


Horseman,  rcpr.  1364  ;  bf.  1541, 1550-2, 
1554,  1559-61.  1623  3a;  Tc.  3293- 
3305  ;  Sc.  5564,  5827,  6012-3  ;  TG. 
176  (^iw.  100, 158),  178  ,KrnoN,55); 
Tc.  Myk.  {/uii-omi)  1.S3. 

Hound,  V.  Dog. 

Human  figure  'statues  excluded),  BrA. 
27.  iSi,  i<S6;  on  Mvk.  vases,  40,  183  6. 
Male  figure,  Gkrh.1195  ;  bf.  1588  9 
man  and  lion),  1553,  1569,  1625  ; 
rf.l651, 1652  a,  1653,1656;  A'  4033, 
4411,  4422  4;  gem,  4503-4,  4502, 
4565  6,  4581;  head  only,  4132  4, 
4611;  face  only,  179  ;  votive,  2. 

Female  figure,  BrA.  Tc.  462-4 ;  Myk. 
iSo-i,  1S5';  bf.  1543,  1567,  1592-5, 
1638-9  ;  rf  1645, 1652,  1655, 1657- 
8,  1660-1,  1663-4,  1667,  1701-2 ; 
glass,  painted.  2861-7  ;  Tc.  3001-15, 
3027-87,  3091-31? 2,  3143,-  cf  1251 
ff.,  1S2;  /E 3864, 180;  A  4385;  gem, 
4585;  pore.  4791 ;  statue,  5854,  6311- 
13-15;  TG.  177  (^w.  158);  ivory,  1 82. 
Children,  182,  5554,  5954,  6201, 
6311-13  ;  cf.  Nursing  mother. 

Human-headed  bull,  5208  a. 

Human  remains,  178  ;    cf  Skull. 

Hungarian  BrA.  15,  17,  18,  36-7,  54. 

Hvnkinthios  ^amph.  stamp),  2238,  2240, 
2246,  2285. 

Hvdria,  GkPh.  1133;  if  1646-50; 
'Hellc.  2051. 


IDALION,  3,  26,  30,  32,  141,  157-60; 
from  excavations  of  1S85,  5601  ft".; 
from  excavations  of  1894,  Acropolis, 
466  ;  miscell.  494-5,  497  9. 

—  Princ.  Sanctuary,  479-80  a,  496, 
6301-15  ;  V.  Index  HI,  p.  212. 

Idealized  worshipper,  141. 

'  Illahun,'  19  ;  xiii.  31,  cf.  271  fT. ;  xxvii. 
14,  cf.  252  ;  xxvii.  18,  cf.  300. 

Imitations  of  alabastra,  2147-9  ;  glass, 
2150-58  ;  GkPh.  pottery,  1239.  2122- 
45  ;  Hellc.  89,  92,  1025,  1083-4, 
1756, 1881-98. 

Imported  vases,  81  ff. 

Impressed  ornament,  5349. 

Incense,  traces  of,  185  ;  altar,  5165  6, 
5579  ;  box,  v.  Pyxis ;  stand,  repr.  4581, 
179  (KiTlON,  22  i. 

Incised  ornament,  BrA.  36,  1S3,  7-11 
(elaborate),  19,  54-6.  59  72,  74-80, 
82,  85-9,  92,  95,  111-4,  125-7,  151- 
60,  171  elaborate).  179  a,  193,  197, 
199,  200-5,  211,  213,  224,  230-1, 
233,  236,  260,  674  ff  ;  GkPh.  21  ;  on 
figurines,  27,  5398,  5723  79,  5845, 
6014,  6019  ;  stone,  5908-10. 

Incongruous  offerings,  141,  153,  5140-1, 
5347, 5485. 

Incurved  rim,  937. 

Ink-pot  ?,  3541-4. 

Inscriptions,  Cuneiform,  15,  29,  32,4501 ; 
bilingual,  GkCypr.  KURION,  7,    181  ; 


Cypriote,  5009,  5390-1,  6221-28 ; 
Hellc.  5142-7,  5962-3  ;  hieroglyphic 
(iLgyptian ',  ring,  34  ;  mirror,  3750  ; 
scarabs,  4530,  4541-3,  4545,  4547- 
50,  4761,  5577;  Phoenician,  from 
Idalion,  4;  KiTlON,  5,  6,  6231-2, 
6300,  159;  painted,  6225;  on  pore, 
vessel,  186. 

Intersecting  semicircles,  733. 

Ionic  capital,  5,  5599. 

Iridescence  of  glass,  100. 

Iris  and  pujiil  indicated,  Tc.  6019. 

Iron,  BrA.?,  10;  GkPh.  21-2;  in  Hellas, 
23;  ore,  186;  in  Cyprus,  22;  iron 
objects,  24,  80,  175  {Ainiasso/),  176 
{A»i.  11,  91,  100),  179  (Kition),  182 
(KuRioN);  3901-42;  locks,  3675-7  ; 
finger-rings,  4178-9  ;   fibula,  4835. 

Isis,  repr.  4725,4741-2. 

Island-gems,  23,  32,  134  ;  none  in  CM. 

Isokrates,  30. 

Italy,  BrA.  53  ;  red  paint,  23  ;  '  Base- 
ring  Ware,'  37;  Hellc.  vase  from,  180-1. 

Ivory,  BrA.  15,  183-4,  186;  GkPh.  23, 
176  (^w.  127),  182  (KuRiON)  ;  Hellc. 
4563,  4950;  imitated  in  paste,  134-5, 
4507. 

Ivy,  repr.,  bf.  1582,  1589-91,  1599, 
1776;   Hellc.  2052,  2166,  5981-2. 


Jade,  KuKiON,  22. 
'  Jahrbuch,'  30,  69. 
James,  Dr.  M.   K.,  Leoitdari   Vurtb,  8  ; 

Paphos,  10. 
Jasper,  32,  4589. 
Jesuit  College,  Beirut,  19. 
Jewellery,    BrA.    3;,;    Myk.  iSi,   183-6; 

GkPh.    7,    121' ff.,   4001  ff.,   173  ff.; 

Hellc.  173-8  ;  Byz.  Kcrynia,  5,  33, 148, 

4435,  140,  4891-7  :    repr.  on  statues, 

34,  35,  3003,  3011,  3031,  3093,  3103, 

3111  12. 
'Journal  of  C\pr.  .Studies,'  8,  13,  51,  56, 

708,  no,  3145. 
'  Journal  of  Hellenic  Studies,'  v.  Index  of 

Publications,  pp.  220-1. 
'Journ.  Roy.  Inst.  Brit.  Architects,'  N.S. 

iii.  p.  109,  6301-6. 
Juggler,  repr.  on  lamji,  1396. 


Ka- figures,  31. 

Kabyle  pottery,  22. 

Kahun,  19;  B-R.Ware,  37  ;  B-P.Ware, 
38. 

Kalavash,  14,  187. 

Kalb-khorib,  7. 

Kalopslda,  4,  14,  36;  skulls,  13;  pointed 
vessels,  16;  B-P.  Ware,  38;  saddle- 
quern,  52;  Tomb  Groups  (1894),  p.  57; 
V.  Index  III,  p.  212. 

Kalymnos,  21,  138. 

Kanidrais  (Crete),  19. 

Katnelargh,  6,  153-7,  4712,  4766, 
5501  ff. 


OF   NAMES,    PLACES,    OBJECTS,    AND    STYLES. 


199 


Kamiros,  GkPh.  77;  GL  loi ;  Tc.  107. 
Kantharos,  1776,  1824,  177  {Am.  217 j. 
Karia,  17;  figurines,  28;  fibula,  138. 
Karneios    (amph.    inscr.),    2202,    2234, 

[2241]. 
Karpass,  13,  117,  3699. 
Karys,  inscr.,  5041,  5142-3. 
Katydata-Linh,  4,  14,  21,  58,  171  ;  BrA. 

54,   60,   146,  181,  222"    261;  GkPh. 

1033-4,    1102;     Hellc.    2113,    2118; 

inscr.  6205. 
Kavo  Kiti  ('  Dades  '),  21. 
Kelenderis  :  goat  on  coins,  of.  4584. 
Kephalovrysi,  5. 
Kerynia,  5,  14;  castle,  5,  7,  74;  district, 

7,  cf.  1134. 
Key,  M  3679. 
Khelonais,  21. 
Khytroi,    5;    cylinder,    15;    Tc.    BrA. 

465  ;  GkPh.  5201  ff. 
Kid,  votive,  31,  5528,  5822-5,  6107-8. 
'K.KJo.loi  Oiarros,  5147. 
KiTlON,   5,   6,   21,  26,    28,    153-7  ;   ^nd 

Idalion,  30;    miso-Hellc.  30;   proto- 

Cor.    25 ;    Hellc.    sculpture,    28  ;    Tc. 

31 ;    Ptolemaic,    26  ;    scarabs,    23  ;  cf. 

2800. 

Tomb  Groups  CEF.  (1894),  178-9; 

56,  66  ;  cf.  962  ;  v.  Index  111,  p.  212, 
Kleonymos  (amph.  stamp),  2262. 
Kluge,  Dr.,  22. 
Kneading  dough,  5866. 
Knidian  wine  amphorae,  2254-5. 
Knives,  iron,  3901-6,  i-j^;  JE  181,  183, 

184. 
Knob  on  BrA.  vases,  181  ;  on  GkPh.  vase 

handles,  1101,  1103,  1145,  1162  ;  on 

bracelets,  4258  ;  on  fibulae,  4838-42. 
Knot  ornt.,  M  4385  ;  paste,  4941. 
Knucklebone,    4950;    Gl.   4949  a;   bf. 

vase,  1796-7. 
Kohl-box  (cf.  Toilet  articles),  176. 
Konstantinides,  E.  13,  20,  27,  33,  135. 
Kophino,  2768-9  a. 
Kore,  KURION,  7,  iSi. 
Kdsci,  6. 

Kotyle,  1652  a,  1801-8,  1884. 
Krater,  24,  38,  40,  57,  58,  59,  181,  183-6  ; 

BrA.    293 ;    GkPh.    1101  ff. ;    Hellc. 

2076,  2140-1 ;  M  4884. 
Kreon  (amph.  stamp),  2282-3,  [2242]. 
K}-inl,  14. 

Kriophoros,  Orniidhia,  10. 
Ktiina,  6. 

Kuklia,  Famagusta  District,  4. 
Kiiklia,  Papho  District,  v.  Paphos. 
'  Kupferaeit,'  v.  Much. 

KuRiON,  3,  6,  20,  23,  40,  709,  1033  ; 
StA.  13,  14;  BrA.  27,  51;  Tc.  32 
(cylinder),  52  (jade),  19,  39  (Cretan 
pottery)  ;  Myk.  gem,  32  ;  K  33,  34  ; 
S.  Kens.  47,  cf.  1033,  73  ;  Tc.  3  ;  poly- 
chrome vases,  26,  60.  Tomb  Groups 
(1895),  p.  182  ;  V.  Index  III,  p.  213. 

Kuirdpha,  6. 


Kylix,  GkPh.  951-4;  bf.  1550  ff, 
'  Kleinmeister,'  1556  ff.  ;  rf.  1653-4; 
1809-23 ;  JE  3531. 

Lachish,  v.  Tell-el-Hesy. 

Ladles,  15. 

Lajarde,  '  Mithra,'  Ixxxii.  3,  cf.  4581. 

Lake-dwellings,  pottery  of,  36. 

La/csha,  Nicosia  District,  7,  14 ;  BrA.  92. 

LakshU  tu  Kin,  2,  7,  14,  21,  23,  183; 
Tomb  Groups,  p.  58 :  — TG.  i .  360, 503, 
521,  615,  624,  626  ;  2.  602,  616, 
663  ;  3.  523,  565  ;  4.  267,  270-4, 
277,  293,  301-3,  431,  709,  710  ;  5. 
345,  651. 

Lamberti,  v.  Tamassos. 

Lamp,  80,  5799  a ;  votive,  5540  ;  GkPh. 
TG.  173  {Poll,  26  I.),  174  (106  II.), 
177  (^w.  20),  178-9  (KiTiON);  Hellc. 
TG.  175  [Enlwnii,  Limassol),  177-8 
{Am.  97,  130,  213),  178-9  (Kition), 
182  (Kurion)  ;  ^  176  (^/«.  91). 

Lamp-fillers,  rf.  1689-91. 

Lamp-stands,  v.  Candelabra. 

Lancehead,  v.  Spearhead. 

Lang,  R.,  Idalion,  3,  4. 

Laniti  Collection,  34. 

Lapathos  {Ldpithos),  7,  14  ;  BrA.  387, 
434-5,  445-6. 

Lapis  lazuli,  186. 

Larnaka,  v.  KiTlON. 

Larnaka  District,  6,  7,  9,  10,  11,  188. 

Lattice  or  net  ornt.,  24,  36-7,  60 ;  l.-tri- 
angles,  v.  Triangles ;  other  1.  omts., 
BrA.  60,  301-3,  344-5,  346  ff.,  356- 
7,415;  Myk.  181,  185;  GkPh.  901  b, 
947  a,  979,  1115  (band),  1118,  1127, 
1171-5,  1177,  1181a,  1183  (panel), 
1190,  1221,  1226-7,  1229,  1269, 
1313  ;  bf.  1598-9,  1606-8,  1S2  ;  rf. 
1684-5  ;  Hellc.  2052  ;  gem,  4444, 
4578. 

Lead,  objj.  of,  3961  ff.;  filling,  3717-9, 
3987;  TG.  179,  182,  186  (wire). 

Leaf-shaped  ornts.,  M  4331  ff. ;  daggers, 
505  ff. 

Leake  Collection,  Fitzw.  Mus.,  37. 

Leathern  prototypes  of  pottery,  37,  39. 

Lebanon,  visible  from  Cyprus,  20. 

Lekythi,  BrA.  281-3,  286-8,  291;  bf. 
1513-4,  1588  ff.  ;  rf.  1645,  1655-85  ; 
imit.  1891-2,  2080 ;  while,  25, 1596  ff., 
1698;  JE  3535. 

Lenticular  seals,  32  ;  beads,  183-4. 

Leonddii  Vttnd,  8,  14,  15,  52  ;  cf.  486-7, 
591-3. 

Leopold  Street,  Larnaka,  153. 

Levantine  type  of  stone  implement,  52. 

Livka,  8. 

Libation,  repr.,  rf.  1657,  1661. 

Libya,  16-7,  38-9  ;  cf.  386  (ring- vase). 

Lid,  V.  Cover. 

Lidir-Ledroi,  8. 

Liebcrmann  Collection,  11,  34. 

Limassol  (Limessos),  8,  24,  25  ;  proto- 
Cor.,  175, 1501 ;  JE  3749  ;  L.  district,  6. 


200 


INDEX    I. 


Limestone,  in  Cyprus,  14,  28,  30,  1S4; 
spindlewhorls,  658-9,  770  ;  for  ala- 
baster, 2441-4 ;  catalogued  with  Tc. 
3019-21,  3025  7,  3031,  3076.  3095- 
3100,  3246,  3273,  3327-9,  5599, 
6301-15,  5863. 

Limewash.  165. 

Linniiti,  S,  21,  30,  165-6,  3851-56, 
5981  4. 

Liiiu,  4,  14,  21  ;  skulls,  i  ^. 

Lion,  repr.  Myk.  Tc.  186  ;  bf.  1553, 1563, 
1568, 1621-2  ;  rf.  1733, 1736-7, 1781, 
1783, 1790,  1792  3  ;  stone  vase,  2491 ; 
Tc.  3288-91  ;  X  4018-9  ;  4022-3  6, 
8018,  4110-7,  8146,  4152,  4394, 
4417  ;  gems,  4505-6,  4524 ;  pore. 
4757-9,  4767-8;  Sc.  5342,  6221; 
T(;.  1 74  {Poll,  117, 1.);  attr.  of  Herakles, 
5138,  6116-8. 

Lithargiius,  8,  14. 

Lithroddnta.  9. 

Local  fabrics  of  pottery  (incl.  all  coarse 
varieties  of  clay),  BrA.  85-7,  92-5, 
128-47,  180  7,  213,  222,  234,  259, 
294,  305,  414,  438  ;  (ikPh.  919, 
920-a,  929,  950  a,  982,  986,  991-3, 
1018-9,  1022-3,  1026,  1067,  1069, 
1079-82,  1087,  1092,  174  {Poli,  239, 
II.),  175  {Enkomij,  178-9  (Kition), 
181  (KURION). 

Locker  in  shaft  of  tomb,  1S5. 

Locks,  3675  7. 

Loincloth,  5572. 

Loom-rings  ?,  Al  4801-3. 

Loom-weight,  5891. 

Lotos  ornt.,  painted,  23-4,  60  ;  stamped, 
25  ;  GkPh.  994, 1014  (cf.  Fleur-de-lys), 
1627  a,  1046-8,  1053,  1059  c,  1080- 
1,  1123,  1143,  1157,  1167-70,  1230; 
l.-ray  ornt.,  1157, 1221 ;  A'  4152, 4319- 
21;  porcelain,  1S6;  Hellc.  infl.  1080- 
1 ;  bf.  1513,  1569  ff.,  with  palmette. 

Loui7-on,  II  ;  V.  Salamis. 

Louvre,  Musee  du,  vases  and  figurines,  v. 
Index  of  Museums,  p.  218,  s.v. ;  stone 
bowl  from  Amathus,  2  ;  gold  pectoral 
plate,  34 ;  jewellery  (Musee  Napoleon, 
3174;  like  8003 ;  objj.  from  Klrion, 
7,  13;  glass  (S702)  like  2536  ;  Myrina 
(477),  like  2802 ;  N.  objj.  {Eg)'pte,  Salle 
Civile,  V)  like  601  ff.,  3750. 

Lozenge  ornt.,  BrA.  36,  39,  200-2,  260, 
307-10,  358-9  ;  GkPh.  60,  901  b, 
947  a,  979,  1115,  1120  ;  chequered, 
1170, 1184. 

Lustral  spray,  141  ;  VSni,  5025,  5027, 
5032-47,  5052-3;  Frdngissa,  6092. 
0098,  6100  1. 

Lustreless  paint.  BrA.  white.  271-7;  red, 
401,  414  ;  black,  438  ;  GkPh.  black, 
920. 

Luynes,  Due  de,  Idalion,  3. 

Lj/mhia,  14. 

Lyre,  Tc.  3121 ;  repr.  on  gem,  4587  ;  Sc. 
5673-4,  5710,  5712  ;  cf.  Harp. 

Lysippos  (amph.  stamp),  2208. 


Mace-heads,  55  ;  v.  Spindlewhorls. 
Maeander  omi.  60 ;    (;kPh.  1081,  1221  ; 

bf  1513,  1596-7  ;  rf.  1656-7,  1670. 
Magistrate's  name,  95   8. 
Magnesian  minerals  in  Cypr.  clays,  28. 
Maker's  name,  95-8. 
Maket    Tomb    (lllalnui),   46,    252;    47. 

300. 
Mdkhaira  J\ft.,  14,  39. 
Mall  lint  a,  2. 
Malta,  80. 
Maltese-cross    ornt.,   GkPh.   902-2  a-3. 

952  a,  979, 1097-8. 
Man,  V.  Human  figure. 
Mane  of  horses,  Tc.  3303. 
Manis  .amph.  stamp),  2284. 
MapaKos,  143. 
Marble,   absent  in  Cyprus,   28  ;    figures, 

Cyclades  and    Crete,   27,  51,  158,    cf. 

5686-92;  vase,   181;    torso  from /"<?/» 

{Brit.),  30;  Hymettian?,  6300,  159; 

Parian?,    6212;    white,    5871,  5876, 

6155  ;  clouded  white,  6166. 
Mdri,  9, 14,  21. 

Marion,  9;  v.Poli;  v.  Index  III,  p.  214. 
Marios  (amph.  stamp),  [2284], 
Markopulos   Collection    (Smyrna   Mus.), 

92,  2053. 
Rlaroni,  10,  iSo,  187. 
Marsyas  (amph.  stamp),  2285. 
Mary,  repr.  of  B.V.,  Byz.  4897. 
Mask,    Tc.   3185-7,   cf.    3171-3,   3177, 

5560  ;  comic,  5860-1 ;  glass,  182. 
]\Iiivra  Ge,  v.  Aldmbra. 
Mazoth,  21. 

Megalilhic  remains,  14. 
Meister,  R.,  I'oni,  5,  143;  Khytroi,  152  ; 

Poll,  172,  6221-8. 
M€Adj'6'to?,  5921-4 ;  v.  Amarg^tti,  Apollo. 
Melian  gems,  23;  vases,  24. 
Menant,  28. 
Mc7-sin^ri  (Limniti),  8. 
Mesh?,  4951. 
Mesopotamia,  127. 
JMessaorih,  14. 
Metallic    prototypes    of  pottery,     36-7, 

1S6  ;  m.  sound  of  White  Slip  Ware,  39. 

M-ffT-qp  QiWV,  TaMASSOS,  12. 

Milk-bowls,  15. 

Millefiore  glass,  2848-51,  179. 

Millstone,  v.  Saddle-quern. 

Miniature  vases,  BrA.  27,  436,  924  a, 
965-6  (tripods),  985,  1038,  1177-80, 
177  {A7n.  158)  ;  as  ornt.,  BrA.  44, 
225-7 ;  GkPh.  1132  ;  tripod,  GkPh. 
965  6. 

Mirror  cases,  1S2. 

Mirrors,  3750-99,  1S2  ;  repr.  of,  Myk. 
184;  handle,  186;  TG.  173  {Poll,  27, 
II),  174  (106,  II),  175  {Eukomi),  176- 
8  {Am.  60,  91,  98,  100,  127,  154, 
165,  271),  179  vKiTlON,  1,  35,  45). 

Mithra,  v.  Lajarde. 

'  Mittheilungen  Athenische,'  7,  8,  11,  14, 
20,  39)  42,  51,9s.  138,  141:  5001  =  ix. 
p.  1 31,  fig.  2  ;  5003  =  PI.  iv.  i ;  5004  = 


OF  NAMES,  PLACES,  OBJECTS,  AND  STYLES. 


201 


P-  130.  fig-  1  ;  5008  =  PI.  iv.  2  ;  5022 
=  P1.  iv.  4;  5023  =  PI.  iv.  3  ;  5036  = 

PI.  iv.  5. 
'  Mitth.  d.  Anthr.  Ges.  z.Wien.'  xx.  (N.S.  x. 

6-7,  Nov.  1890),  40. 
Mnason  (amph.  stamp),  2286. 
Modelling,  BrA.  27;  GkPh.  29-30. 
Modern   Cypriote    parallels,    16,   39,  53  ; 

To.  3331 ;  .^  3575  ;  JR  4801. 
Moeringen,  66. 
MSni,  14. 

'  Monuments  Piot,'  24. 
'  Monuments     Antiques    de    Chypre,'   v. 

Ceccaldi. 
Mortar,  for  grinding,  iSi,  1S4. 
Mosaic,  Salamis,  ii,  5925. 
Mother  and  child,  Tc.  5520 ;  v.  Nursing. 
Mother-of-pearl,  134. 
Mouflon,  27. 

Mould  for  Tc.  5337,  v.  Terracottas. 
Moulded  ornts.  of  pottery,  25. 
'  Mound  of  Many  Cities,'  20,  v.  Bliss :  Tell- 

el-Hesy. 
Mounts    of   engraved    cylinder,    15;    H 

4501-2. 
Mourning  gesture,  463. 
Moustache?,  6024. 
Mouthplates,  A'  4343-9,  183-5. 
Much.  '  Kupferzeit,'  2  {Aldiiibra),  15,  54 

(pins),  134,  4501  (p.  372). 
Mulberry-shaped  pendants,  24,  31,    123, 

8003  ;  cf.  4057. 
Munro,  J.  A.  R.,  26,  69,  123;  Phrygia, 

37;  Poll,  9;  Salamis,  11. 
Munro,  R.,   '  Lake-dwellings  of  Europe,' 

54  (fig-  64.  12);  66  (fig.  6.  15). 
Murray,  A.  S.,  7,  10,  11,  47,  286;  Sala- 

MIS,  12,  183. 
Mushroom-headed  pins,  594  ff. 
Jiluti  tu  Arviii,  Idalion,  3. 
Mykenae,  20,  27,  38,  40,  54  ;  vase  from 

M.,430. 
Mykenaean  sites,  Ag.  Paraskevi,   i  ;    Ag. 

Sozomenos,    2 ;    Idalion,    3 ;    Kcpha- 

lovrysi,  5  ;  KuRION,  6,  7,   14,    180-1  ; 

Lakska  tu  Riu,  7  ;  Mart,  9;    Maroni, 

lO-i,  1S7;  Nikolidcs,  2;   Phoatichais, 

10;  Pyla,  II ;  Salamis,  11, 12, 14,  99;;., 

183-6;    Zdrtikas,    11.     Cylinders,   11, 

19'  32;  figurines,  27-8;  gems,  32;  glass, 

loo-i  ;  infl.  and  settlements  in  Cyprus, 

20,  40;  island-stones,  135;  jewellery, 
33-4.  127,  131  ;  kraters,  40,  180,  184- 
6 ;  ornts.,  24,  38,  901  a,  1128,  1170  ; 
pigments,  1 7  ;  spearheads,  2 1  ;  spindle- 
whorls,  56  ;  thalassocracy,  22  ;  tweezers, 
54;  vases,  40,  58,  113,  174,  181,184-6, 
430  ff. ;  made  and  imitated  in  Cyprus, 
40,  432,  439-40. 

Pre-Mykenaean  (Aegean  ;  Cycladic), 

17.18.  33,  39  (Cypriote  BrA.),  183-6. 

Sub-Mykenaean    (Transitional),    14, 

21,  23,  38,  40,  58,  70  ;  sites,  Katydata- 
LinH,\;  Kition,  6  ;  Paphos,  10, 174  ; 
Salamis,  ii;  beads,  4453;  ornts., 
24;  Tc.  28  ;  infl.  on  vases,  901  a,  910, 


953  bff.,  972    (ref),    1040  ff.,    1043, 

1103,  1107  ff.,  1118,  1128  ff. 
'  Mykenische  Vasen,'  39,  113;  cf.  429  a. 
Myres,  J.  L.,  39 ;  Ag.  Paraskevi,   i,  57; 

Amathus,    176;     Kalopsida,   4,    57; 

Kition,  153,  178. 
Myrina,   Tc.  31  ;  infl.   in  Cyprus,  108  ; 

cf.  3055-63. 
Myrtle  leaves,  repr.,  H.  175. 
Mystic  repr.  on  late  gems,  33. 

Nails,  M  3631  ff. ;    Fe.   3935   ff.,  173, 
182;    n. -shaped    pendant,    Si    4013; 

pinhead,  4867. 
Napkin,  repr.,  rf.  1663. 
Naqdda,  v.  Dallas. 
Naturalistic  ornts.,  GkPh.  1164  ff.,  1267  ; 

bf.  1587  ;   Tc.  5801-26. 
Nature-goddess,   Voni,    142 ;   Tc.  5267- 

73. 
Naukratis,  23  ;  and  Cyprus,  29;  glass?, 

100;  Polledrara  ware,  184;   porcelain, 

137;  pottery,  25;  scarabs,  32. 
Navel,  ornt.  over,  6050,  6054. 
Nea  Paphos,  6212. 
Neck  of  vase,  red,  1093  ;  slanting,  260. 
Necklaces,  BrA.  15;    Myk.  185;    GkPh. 

131  ff.  ;    of   pendants,   131,   5268-73; 

of  rings,  5208-8  a;  on  statues,  5224, 

5258,    5260,    5266,    5282,    5601-3, 

5640,    5644,    5661,    5718,    5723  ff., 

5991-2. 
Needles,    i^,  53;  BrA.   184-5;   twisted, 

184,  572  ff. ;  it  34  ;  Gl.  106. 
Negro,  repr.,  1772,  5549. 
Neo;«o/)oy,  v.  Temple-boy. 
Neolithic  implements,  13,  19,  ^2. 
Net  for  hair,  rf.  1657,  1660 ;  "^Sc.  5650; 

-mesh  ?,  4951 ;  -sinkers,  leaden,  3990  ; 

ornt.  V.  Lattice. 
Newton,  Sir  C.   T.,    Ag.   Paraskevi,  i  ; 

Aldinbra,  2  ;  Idalion,  3  ;  Kition,  6; 

Gdshi,    6;    Mdri,  9;     Ormidhia,    10; 

Phoeniclials,  10;  Salamis,  ii  ;   Xylo- 

tymlni,  12;    'Travels  and    Discoveries 

in  the  Levant,'  i,  304;  cf.  4945. 
New  York,  Metropolitan  Museum,  25,  34, 

no,  113,  119;  cf.  4378,  4824. 
Niche  in  tombs,  58. 
Nicosia,  i,  2,  34;  district,  8,  lo,  12. 
Niello,  Byz.  4897. 
Nika  (Cypr.  inscr.),  6225. 
Nikasatos  (amph.  stamp),  2243,  2244. 
Nike,  repr.  of,  rf.  1658-9  ;    gem,   4615  ; 

attr.     of    Apollo,     141,      146,     5050, 

5862. 
A'iki/dri,  6. 

Nikodemos  (inscr.),  5144. 
Nikoldos,  Ag.,  2. 
Nikolides,  2,  14,  21,  27,  34  ;  B.  P.  Ware, 

38;  Wheel-made  Ware,  38,  186,  300; 

Tc.  464;    saddle-quern,  52  ;  TG.  58. 
Nikomachos  ?,  NiKfixos,  2289. 
Nile,  20. 

Nipple  on  vases,  GkPh.  977-85,  1128. 
A''isti,  14. 


202 


INDEX    I. 


Nose-ring,  repr.,  Tc.  BrA.  405 ;  Ilellc. 

5983. 
Nude  figures,  Tc.  51,  107,  in,  119,  150, 

153,  J.^S-  1^5- 
Nursing-motliers,    votive,     3 ;    Idalion, 

109,3095-99,  6311;  KiiVTROi,  149- 

50,  5217-47,    5274-81;    Kamdargi, 

5520. 
Nympli,  repr.  of,  bf.  1594  ;  and   Satyr, 

bf.  1567,  1593. 

Oberhummer,  E.,  8,  14. 
Obsidian  absent  from  Cypnis,  13. 
Ochsenkrater-Grabe,  Ag. Par. {Berl^\,\^. 
Octopus,  Mj'k.  repr.  50,  180. 
Oenochoae,    24,  38,  5S-9,   183-6  ;   BrA. 

294;  pointed  below,  1S3-6;  Bucciiero, 

59-7o,1033ff.;GkFh.  7o-2,84,1043ff.; 

TG.    173-4,    178-9;    Attic,  1085;   bf. 

1603  ;     bgl.    1826 ;     Hellc.    2077-9  ; 

yE  3537,  3571 ;    repr.,  Tc.  3249. 
Ohnefalsch-l\ichter,Dr.  M.,  1-12,  75,  77; 

V.  Index  V,  p.  221. 
Oil-presses,  14. 
Olive-wrentlu.rnt.,  GkPh. 60, 920a, 1082, 

1168,  1268,  1313  ;   bf.  1582,  1584  ;  rf. 

1670, 1696, 1764  5, 1787  ;   'K  4342. 
OlymI'IA,  metal  bowl,  33. 
Omphalos,  5160-2. 
Onasagoras,  5142. 
Onasiaros,  5143. 
Onasimalas,  143. 
Onasithemis,  6224. 
One-edged  knives,  18.    ' 
Onesilos,  30. 
Onyx,    33",    4079,    4189,    4416,    4440, 

4456  68,  4601,  4607,  4615. 
^O-nao^v  MfKavOios,  v.  Amargctti  :  Apollo. 
Orchomenos,  Apollo  of,  of.  M,  3865. 
Ore  in  tomb,  186. 
Orestas,  5962. 
Orgiastic  ritual,  31. 
Oriental  goddess,  Tc.  5544-8. 
Orientalizing  tendencies,  viii-vii  cent.,  24. 
Oymidhia,    10,    21,  947  a,    1136,    1138, 

1140,  1158. 
Ornaments,  on  statues,  v.  Jewellery,   34 ; 

on  pottery,  within  base-ring,  63, 901  ft.  ; 

inside  vase,  BrA.  319-21;  GkPh.  950b, 

955,  1028  a. 
Orpheus  mosaic,  Salamis,  ii. 
Orsi,  Dr.,  58. 

Osiris,  repr.,  4735,  4741-2. 
Ostrich  egg,  185. 

Overhring  of  potterj',  37-40;    BrA.  112  ; 
GkPh.     934,     986,    991-3,    1017-8, 
1021,  1060  b,  1255  ;    Ilellc.  2052. 
'Owl,'  4,  13;  repr.,  186,  5991  (attr.  of 

Athene) . 
Oxford,  V.  Ashmolean  Museum;  Index  IV, 
p.  217  ;  University  Museum,  skulls,  13. 

Paint  (  =  Pigment),  17  ;  on  Tc.  29  ;  poly- 
chrome, 26,  59,  60,  1221-4,  1285, 
1288,  1301  Tc.  3035,  3071;  stele, 
6311 ;   on  glass  bowl  covers,  105,  177, 


180;  black,  BrA.  38-9,  301  ff. ;  Attic, 
bf.  25  ;  rf.  25  ;  over  white,  941,  1173 
ff.;  bhte,  GkPh.  60,  5960,  5983, 
6168,  6311;  bioivn,  Gkl'h.  60,  921, 
1013,  1080-1,  1083-4,  1086  ;  green, 
GkPh.  29,  60,  5983,  6311  ;  orange, 
GkPh.  60-1  ;  purple,  GkPh.  1222-4, 
1226  ;  Hellc.  1511-12,  1541-3,  1567 
ff.,  5957  ;  red,  BrA.  lustrous,  411-17  ; 
lustreless,  185;  GkPh.  lustreless,  23 
(vases\  901,  901b,  904  5  a,  908, 
910,  927-8,  934-6,  950  b,  951,  955, 
959, 972  9,  991, 995-6, 1004, 1026- 
7,  1029  a,  1030-1,  1055,  1059  a,  b, 
1061, 1064-5, 1082, 1113, 1116, 1120, 
1123,  1135  ;  statues,  30,  i6o,  5001-2, 
5008,  5011,  5019,  5022-4,  5032-3, 
5037,  5066.  5107,  5112,  5114-20, 
5136, 5140, 5155,  5224,  5227,  5341, 
5571-2,  5641,  5651,  5660-1,  5814- 
21,  5909  a,  5954,  5992,  5995,  6053- 
5,  6087,  6168,  6311-13-15,  179,  iSi  ; 
red  on  black,  BrA.  401-2  ;  GkPh. 
957  ;  edged  with  black,  GkPh.  958, 
994,  996  ;  red  neck,  1093  ;  rim,  984, 
987,  991-2,  994;  vermilion,  GkPh. 
60 ;  violet,  GkPh.  60 ;  white,  BrA. 
iSi,  183,  271-7;  Myk.  18;;;  GkPh. 
901  a,  917,  919,  922  5,  939,  941, 
1003,  1016,  1078-9,  1126,  1145, 
1173-6,  1187,  1202,  1221,  1253-61, 
1266-8,  1276,  1281,  1330;  w.  dots, 
&c.,  on  black,  24,  59,  915,  922,  925, 
1060  a,  1166, 1176, 1173  ;  b.  dots,  &c., 
on  white,  941,  1173  ff. ;  Attic,  bf. 
1551,  1568  ff.,  1585-7  a,  1592-5, 
1603,  1638-9 ;  rf.  1659, 1661, 1684-5 ; 
Hellc.  (Tarentine),  180;  Hellc.  2166  ; 
on  Tc.  5503  ff.,  5705,5981-2  \ yellow, 
29,  180,  1127,  1172,  1178,  1180, 1223, 
2007  a,  5576. 

Painted  glass,  1 01,  105,  2861-81 ;  pottery, 
17  ff.  ;  disappears  in  3rd  cent.  B.C.,  26  ; 
stelae,  27,  165,  5957-62. 

Painting  spoiled,  rf.  1654. 

Palaeolithic  implements  absent  from 
Cyprus,  13,  52. 

Palaeologos,  141. 

Palestine,  19;  Exploration  Fund,  20. 

Palmette,  GkPh.  60,  1168,  1221,  1226 
(Phoen.)  ;  Hellc,  bf.  1556,  1569  ff., 
1584,  1587,  1591,  1598,  1600-1, 
1621  ;  rf.  1603, 1652  a,  1655-7, 1674- 
6  a,  1678,  1718  9,  1782  ff. ;  stamped, 
25;  with  lotos,  1569  ft.;  yE  3645, 
3841 ;  AT  8007,  4014,4311  21,  4402- 
3,   182  ;    Sc.  6301-6,    6315. 

—  scroll,  Byz.  4896. 

Palm  tree,  rf.  1668  ;  branch,  Gl.  2862  ; 
gem,  4615  ;  ornt.  1159-61;  Sc.  5008, 
5050;  A'  184. 

Panagia  Skourgiolissa,  4. 

Panainos  (amph.  stamp),  2293. 

Panel  ornt.  23,  24;   BrA.  358-9  ;  GkPh. 
948-9,  950  a,  951  2,  1157,  1164  ff. 
I    Panniers,  repr.,  Tc.  3331. 


OF    NAMES,    PLACES,    OBJECTS,    AND    STYLES. 


203 


Panther,  repr.,  rf.  1776. 

Pape,  '  Worterbuch  d.  Gr.  Eigennamen,' 
142,  5009. 

na(pia,  149,  5390-1. 

Paphos,  10,  14,  34,  T3S,  141;  dis- 
trict, 2,  8,  9;  TG.  174;  uncertain 
provenance,  sub-Myk.  440,  717,  772- 
3;  GkPli.  1286,  1514;  Hellc.  2405, 
2412-3  ;  JE  3583,  3727,  3797-8, 
3970  ;  M  4005,  4009  a,  4016,  4041- 

2,  4059-62,  4085,  4087,  4090,  4103, 
4105,  8145,  4204,  4250,  4377,  4392- 

3,  4469,  4821,  4902-3 ;  v.  Index  HI, 
p.  213. 

Papyrus,  repr.,  gem,  4582. 

Paradisi,  IDALION,  3. 

Parallel  lines  orat.,  GkPh.  901b. 

Parallels,    v.    Modern    parallels ;     O-R. 

'Parallellen,'  16. 
Paris,  auction  of  Cypriote  antiquities  at,  9. 
Paste  gems,  35,  4026-8,  4043  ff.,  4073- 

4,  4077  ff.,  4195-7,  4200-1,  4216-7, 
4507,  4571,  4590,  4605  ;  lieads,  &c., 
35,  4391-3,  4438,  4454,  4456  ff., 
4770,  4793,  4931-49  a. 

Patera,   3  (Idalion,   Louvre)  ;  M  3512, 
176    {Am.  100);  M  4881;   repr.,  rf. 

1657  ;  Tc.  5201 ;  Sc.  6025. 
Pausanias  (amph.  stamp),  2294. 
Peacock,  repr.,  lamp,  1379. 
Pearls,  4892-3. 
Pebble,  polished,  186. 
Pecten  shell,  134,  178. 
Pectorals,  Af  34  ;  M,  4403. 
Pediment,  5155,  5951,  5958-63,  6201. 
Pegasos,  bf.  1597  ;  rf.  1739. 
Pellets  of  clay    added    to  Tc.    51,    463, 

467  ff.  ;  V.  Terracottas  :  details  added. 
Peloponnese  and  Cyprus,  22. 
Pelvis  of  BrA.  Tc.  51,  465. 
Pendants,A',&c.,4354-7, 4364-79,4404- 

15,4431-44;  repr.  5346,  5601,  5642, 

5718,  5723  ff.,  5763,  5779,  5981-2, 

6051 ;  earrings  with,  122,  8007,  4014, 

4043  ff.,  4082  ff . ;  necklace    of,   131  ; 

repr.  5268-73  ;  ornt.,  GkPh.  1026. 
Pentdskino,  14. 

'Peoples  of  the  Sea'  in  Egypt,  22. 
Pha,  8,  14. 
Perforations  in  rim  of  vases,  331-3  ;  v. 

Stringholes. 
Perrot,  G.,  and  Chipiez,  C,  '  Histoire  de 

I'Arl,'  6,  34,   53;   vol.  ii.  fig.  319,  cf. 

4824;    vol.    iii.    fig.    293,     cf.    4869; 

vol.  iii.  fig.  303,  cf.  4009  ;  vol.  iii.  fig. 

317,     cf.  4378;    vol.  iii.  fig.    320,    cf. 

4251;  vol.  iii.  figs.  507,  523,  cf.  1157; 

vol.  iii.  fig.    595,    cf.   4824 ;    vol.  vi. 

fig-  319'  cf.  501.' 
Persian  aggressions  in  Cyprus,  30. 
Persistence  of  early  forms  of  jewellery,  121. 
Peschiera,  £;4. 
Petasos,  5991.  6211. 
Petrie,  Prof.  W.  M.  P.,  Ballas-Naqdda, 

16 ;    Gurob,  37 ;    Kahun,  37  ;    Tell-el- 

Hesy,  19,  37  ;  Tell-el-Amarna,i^. 


Phaleric  vases,  24. 

Phalli,  votive,  Amargdtti,  2. 

Phancroinhii,  6. 

Phanophantos  (amph.  stamp),  2203. 

Pkdratigas,  i. 

Phiale,  1838  ff. 

Philadelphia,  U.S  A.,  3,  54. 

Plan};  39,  95. 

Phoenichais,  10,  14,  27,  39. 

Phoenicia,  17;  pottery,  18,  20,  39; 
cylinder,  180;  trade,  22;  seals,  33; 
Tc.  51  ;  lamps,  80;  Gl.  loo-i  ;  v. 
Inscriptions  ;   Graeco-Phoenician. 

*op;3eid,  repr.  5001,  5303. 

Phosphoros  (inscr.),  1377. 

Phrygia,  17,  37. 

Pidias,  R .,  14. 

Pierides,  D.,  5;    Voni,  95,  143,  152. 

Picrides,  G.  D.  (in  te.xt  wrongly  'J.'),  34. 

Pietschmann,  Dr.,  20. 

Pig,  votive,  31  ;  repr.  2162-4  ;  Tc.  3329  ; 
porcelain,  4761. 

Pigments,  v.  Paint. 

Pilaster,  5049. 

Pillows,  v.  Couch. 

Pin,  15,  33,  53,  139;  BrA.  581  ff . ;  X 
183-6;  eyelet,  184-6;  ^184;  GkPh. 
^.4851-9  ;  M  4861-9  ;  bone,  4955- 
71 ;  of  spindlewhorl,  56. 

Pincers,  is. 

Plait  ornt."  GkPh.  1157. 

Plate  technique,  Tc.  3329-31. 

Platform  in  Myk.  tomb,  186. 

Plectrum,  5674. 

Ploughshare,  BrA.  181,  609. 

Plutonic  rocks  in  Cyprus,  14. 

Pnytagoras,  6226. 

Pnytilla,  6226. 

Poimachos,  5962. 

Pointed  base  of  vessels,  16,  58  ;  BrA.  57- 
9,  164,  170,  178,  381. 

Polemidhia,  8,  21. 

Poll  (Marion,  Arsinoe)  ,  9;  proto- 
Corinthian  vase  from,  25  ;  Hellc.  vases, 
60;  Hellc.  sculpture,  28;  portrait  heads, 
3211  ff.,  cf.  6019;  Tc.  from  Exc.  of 
1885,  3031  ;  TG.  from  Exec,  of  18S6, 
1889-90,  V.  Index  III,  pp.  214-5. 

Polished  White  Ware,  BrA.  38-9,  411  ff. 

Politikb,  14. 

Polledrara  ware,  1S4. 

Polos,  repr.,  Tc.  3100,  3112,  3119.3121, 
3133,  5021,  5228,  5241-46.  5851-6, 
5984,  5991. 

Poly  bins,  36.  1  ;  ref.  5009;  v.  Pape,  s.  v. 
Gillikas. 

Polychrome,  v.  Paint. 

Pomegranate,  repr.  (lamp),  1379;  Tc. 
3361;  X  184;  porcelain,  186. 

Porcelain,  15,  23,  32,  121,  157,  162,  176- 
7,182;  beads,  BrA.  57,  181,  183-6, 
630  ff.,  4471  9;  GkPh.  4351-3,4359, 
4468,4783;  cylinders,  15  ;  pendant, 
4374  a,  4407;  pseudamphora,  186; 
seals,  4520-30,  4541-50,  4562, 
4564-8;    charms,    4701-84;    Hellc. 


204 


INDEX    I. 


4791-2 ;  vessels,  25,  183-6,  2502  ; 
spiiKUcwhorls,  791-2  ;  statuettes, 
5577  8  ;  blue.  23,  32,  175,  1S3,  4565- 
7.  5578;  green,  vcllow,  while,  32, 
5577,  5880  ;  hrown,  633. 

Porphyry  saucer,  5899. 

Portico,  repr.  of,  rf.  1658. 

Portrait  statues,  KuRiON,  32  ;  Poli,  31, 
3211  50  ;  ]'6ni,  141 ;  Vitmb,  31,  5871 ; 
engraved  ring,  182;    paintings,  165. 

rotamia,  14. 

Pot-clays,  28. 

Pot- factory,  Kalopsida,  4, 

Praeneste,  bowl,  33. 

Praxiteles,  5. 

Pre-Mykenaean,  v.  Mykenaean. 

Pre-Phoenician,  180. 

Priest,  V.  Votary. 

PRINCEPS  Till  (potter's-stamp),  2116. 

Prismatic  seals,  32,  135. 

'  Proc.  Soc.  Antiq.,'  19,  39. 

Projections  on  Br  A.  vases:  on  rim,  5-6, 
41  3,  180.  199-202,  213  ;  in  front, 
81 ;   CikPh.  for  handles,  906,  939. 

Proteus?  (Cypr.  inscr.),  rrpwnfos,  6225. 

Proto-Corinthian  vases,  8,  25,  49,  61,  175, 
1501  (Liwassoi)  ;  cf.  386  (vase-form). 

Prototypes  of  pottery,  alabaster,  2147  ff.  ; 
bronze,  965-7  ;  glass,  6 1 ,  93, 95 , 215 0 ff. 

Provisions,  burial  of,  32. 

Prussian  Seer,  ol  State,  2,  3,  12. 

Psemiiiatisni^no,  11,  14,  ,34,  36,  127,  471. 

Pseudamphora,  v.  Biigelkanne,  180-1, 
1S3-6. 

Pscudo-Samian  ware,  v.  Samian. 

Pshent,  repr.  of,  4546. 

Psyche  and  Eros,  GkPh,  1311-3;  Tc. 
3171-3. 

Ptolemaic  Age  (  =  Hellenistic),  4  (Ida- 
lion,  Ka/ydafa-Liitii\,  9  {Lithrodoiifa, 
roll);  coins,  25,  26;  glass,  26,  joo; 
jewellery,  35,  121  ff ;  portrait  sculp- 
ture, 31. 

Ptolemy  I.  Soter,  9,  26. 

Punctured  ornt.,  Br  A.  38,  281-3. 

Pyla,  II,  14,  143,  166. 

Pyramidal  seals,  23,  32,  13:;,  4522-3, 
4530. 

Pyxis,  repr.,  rf.  1687-8;  Sc.  141,  5019- 
47,  5060,  5113.  5158,  5284,  6093-7, 
6105-6,  6160;  leaden,  182;  Myk. 
Tc.  184. 

Quadriga,  v.  Chariot. 

Quadruped,  5876,  6070  ;  BrA.  vase,  215. 

Quartz  seals,  23,  32,  33. 

Quatrefoil  ornt.,  6067. 

Quern,  v.  Saddle-quern. 

Radial  lines,  ornt.  of  GkPh.  vases,  1004. 

Ram,  votive,  31,  3337-9;  r.  heads  on 
bracelets,  4253-6,  182  ;  on  diadems, 
184,  186;  r.-headed  deity,  4746, 
4760. 

Rattle,  2163-5,  186. 

Kays,  ornt,  GkPh.  920,  920a  (Ilellc), 


1028,   1031,   1040,    1081,  1103;    bf. 

1582, 1584. 
Rbw.  ornt.,  GkPh.  60. 
Keburials,  26,  177. 

Reddish  clay  of  white  ware,  Kuklia,  1130. 
Red-figured  Attic   vases   (  =  rf.),  25,  61, 

85  ff.,  1645  ff. ;  imitated,  GkPh.  920  a. 
Red  glaze,  rf.  1655  ;  lamp,  1321. 
Red    gold,    early    GkPh.    34;    cf.     183 

('reddish  metal'^ 
Red  neck,  rim,  and  other  ornts.,  v.  Paint, 

red. 
Red  paint,  v.  Paint. 
Red  Ware,  BrA.  (red  polished),  19,  34, 

41  ff.,   57-8,    181,  185-6;  wheel-made, 

1S4-6;     spiiidlewhorls,     55,    665  ff.  ; 

Kalopslda,  4;  Libya,  16;  Thera,  18. 
GkPh.   24,   36-7,   59,   60   (rbw.,  cf. 

1003),  903,  914-9,  923  ff.,  930,  932- 

3, 939,941,  960,  980-1,  997  ff.,  1007, 

1009  11, 1027  b,  1070  ff.,  1124  ff.,  1157; 

cf.  TG.  173  (/W/,  27  ir,  176  (Ama- 

THUS,   154),    178-9   (KiTION,  25,  53, 

58),   182    (Kurion)  ;    red    bucchero, 

1039. 

Hellc.  2100-12,  180  (polychrome). 
Reeding   of  vases    (cf.   Fluting),    GkPh. 

38,  59,  901,  902  (imit.),  1033  ff.   (cf. 

1083 ),  1101-2,  1104,  1106  ;  bgl.  1680 

-2,  1791-3   ^ribbi^g) ;  AL  3521 ;  imit. 

in  glaze,  1083  :  other  ribbed  ornts.,  70, 

183-6;  beads,  186;  horizontal,  GkPh. 

1068  ;  Hellc.  2045,  2083. 
Reinach,   S.,    '  Chroniques    d'Orient,'   v. 

p.  222. 
Relief,  Tc.  3245  ;  ^  3870,  1S2  (cuirass) ; 

Sc.  5876,  5901. 

—  ornt.,  21  ;  BrA.  36,  47,  13,  52-3,  91, 
93,  96-100,  151-60,  196-7,  209, 
251-67,  1033;  Tc.  29. 

'  Reliquary   and    lUustr.    Archaeologist,' 

March,  1898,  Kerynia,  5. 
'  Rep.  f.  Kunstwissenschaft,'  11. 
Retrograde    inscription    (amph.    stamp\ 

2204, 2253. 
'  Revue  Archaeologique,'  1873,  i.  317  ff. ; 

Rhodian  glass,  100;  porcelain,  25; 
stamps  on  amphorae,  2024,  cf  2201  ff., 
179  ;  Tc.  6342  ;  coin  type,  5917. 

—  vases,  Myk.  20-1,  40;  geoni.,  23; 
orientalizing,  24,  61  ;  examples,  11  (at 
Salamis),  25,  1511-14  ;  imit.,  1157. 

Rhyton,  bf.  1638-9. 

Ribbed   ornt.,  v.  Reeding. 

Ridged  ornt.  (cf.  Relief  ornt.),  183-6. 

Rim  of  vessels,  unusually  broad,  921  ff. ; 
incurved,  937,  cf.  956  ;  painted  red, 
984,  987,  991-4  ;  perforated  for  sus- 
pension, 331-3. 

Ring-dances,  150-1,5288,  5290-5,5297 
-8,  5305-14,  5315-34,  5401-66. 

—  ornt.,  Br.A.  36,  53,  196-7. 

—  vases,  57  ;  BrA.  225-7,  385-6. 
Rings,  agalmatolite,  636-7  ;  Babylonian, 

34 ;   Bronze   Age,   1 5  ;    Byz.  4896-7 ; 


OF    NAMES,    PLACES,    OBJECTS,    AND    STYLES. 


205 


Myk.  183-6;  electron  (q.v.),  34,  4146, 
4186  ;  Egyptian,  34,  cf.  4146  ;  en- 
graved,.¥4146  ff.;  GkPh.  127, 180, 4141 
ff.;  glass,  4,  106,  182,  2901-5,  4916- 
7,  4921-6  ;  Hellc.  35,  175  ;  repr.  Tc. 
5740  ff. ;  on  toes,  5747-50;  over  navel, 
6050. 

Rivets,  of  dagger-blades,  53  ;  to  mend 
vases,  910,  910  a,  1137,  178;  repr.  in 
pottery,  1 86. 

Road,  Leonddri  Fund,  8. 

Rock  crystal,  4050,  4452-3. 

Roll,  repr.  3133,  5048,  5065;  of  clay, 
ornt.,  1041-2. 

Roman  bath  and  house,  Salamis,  i  i  ; 
jewellery,  35 ;  remains,  Katy data- 
Linn,  4;  Ktima,  6;  KURION,  7; 
Lapathos,  7  ;  Limassol,  8  ;  Paphos, 
10;  Salamis,  ii.  175;  Tamassos,  12; 
Va/t/t,i2;  Voni,^;  lamp,  175;  silver 
from  Spain,  35;  tombs,  175;  Oriental 
gems  in,  33  ;  cf.  Graeco-Roman,  26,  61. 

Rope  ornt.,  BrA.  36,  iSi,  173,  194-5; 
K  4066. 

Rosebud,  symbol,  2312  ;  K  4:374.. 

Rosette  ornt.,  24;  GkPh.  1079,  1157, 
1254-5,  1268,  1276;  Hellc.  2053, 
2114  ;  Tc.  3032,  3325-7  ;  N  4055, 
4094-5,  4098-9,  4100,  4110  ff.,  4131 
-4,  4316-8,  4362,  4402,  176  ^A»i. 
100).  184-6  ;  Sc.  5017,  5779,  5981-2, 
5991,  6083,  6203. 

Ross  Collection  (Berl.  Mus.),  KlTlox,  30. 

Rouge-grinders,  99. 

Rubbish-heap  of  Temple,  153,  iSi. 

Ruddy  gold,  34. 

Rugby  School  Museum,  cf.  2800. 

Rust  of  silver,  differences  in,  33. 

Sacred  boat,  ornt.,  Tc.  5763. 

—  tree,  v.  Tree. 
Sacrifice,  repr.,  lamp,  1366. 
Saddle-quern  ('millstone),  15,  51,  52,  no, 

5152  ;  repr!  3145. 

'  Salaminia,'  v.  Cesnola,  A.  P.  di,  and 
Index  V,  p.  220. 

Salamis  (Attica),  21. 

Sa-Lamis  =  jEfi/:omi,g,  11, 14,  22,93, 161; 
amber,  139,  1S4;  Attic  vases,  22; 
coins  of,  30  ;  electron,  34;  glass  (Myk.), 
101  ;  jewellery,  33 ;  Naukratite  and 
Rhodian  vases,  25  ;  Toumba  Tc.  161, 
5801  ff.;  TG.,  BrA.  183-6;  GkR. 
175  ;  V.  Index  III,  p.  213. 

Salamis  Collection,  162. 

Salt  Lake,  Laniaka,  6,  188. 

Samian  ware,  61,  93,  2147;  Katydata- 
Linu,  4. 

Sandals,  repr.,  Tc.  5808-12,  6062-3. 

Sand  core  of  glass  vessels,  100. 

—  grains  in  pottery,  BrA.  37,  39. 
Sandwith,  T.  B.,  41,  42.  4=,,  46,  4S,  305, 

346,  466,  901  ff ,  996,  1034  ff.,  1070, 
1093,  1128  ff.;  analysis  of  glass,  101. 
.Saparilla  garden,  Larnaka,  5. 


Sarcophagi  in  GkR.  tomb,  174- 

Sard,  33,  35,  180,  182,  4188,  4190-1, 
4354-7,  8353,  4436-7,  4451,  4454- 
8,  4491-2,  4583-8,  4602-4,  4609- 
12. 

Sardinia,  33. 

Sardonyx,  4606. 

Sargon  I,  cylinder  of,  20. 

—  II,  conq.  Cyprus,  28. 

Sash,  V.  Taenia. 

Satyr,  bf.  1567, 1593-4,  1596  ;  rf.  1683, 
1773 ;  Tc.  3175-83  ;  Sc.  5153-4 
{Fd/ii),  5304  (Khytroi). 

Scdla  (New  Larnaka),  5. 

Scale-like  treatment  of  feathers,  6168. 

Scale  ornt.,  Myk.  181. 

Scales,  pair  of,  182. 

Scarab,  Br.A.  15,  32,  183;  XXVL  Dyn. 
180;  GkPh.  8  {Limassol),  21,  23,  32, 
35,  17.^,  4541,  4550,  4581-2,  4584, 
4591-2;  Thothme-;  III,  q.  v.,  20. 

Scarabaeus,  4544,  4784. 

Scaraboid,  7,  33,  35,  180,  4578,  4583, 
4585-90. 

Scarf,  repr.,  rf.  1657. 

Sceptre,  repr.  5991. 

'  Schadel  von  Assos  u.  Cypem,'  13. 

Schliemann  Collection,  39 ;  Great  Trea- 
sure, 17;  '  llios,'  15,  27,  49;  fig.  121, 
cf.  599  ;  fig.  1392,  cf.  386  ;  '  Tiryns,' 
PL  XV,  cf.  3303. 

Schnabelkanne,  BrA.  37,  41,  58,  1S5, 
161  ff.,  346. 

Schrader,  Dr.  O.,  8. 

Schuchhardt,  Dr.  C,  27,  38. 

Scoriae,  Katydata-Liiiic,  4. 

Scrapers,  BrA.  561  ff. 

Scroll  ornt.,  BrA.  37,  58;  in  relief,  253-4; 
GkPh.  (Hellc.\  60";  painted,  1154  (cv:), 
1221,  1228;  loop  coil,  1285,  1290, 
1313  ;  rf.  1667;  lamps.  80,  1335-66. 

Sculpture,  27,  141  ff.  ;  JE  3851-65. 

Seals,  32  ;  GkPh.  23. 

Seam  ornt.,  BrA.  37,  118,  120  ff.,  211, 
301-3. 

Seed-gold  ornt.,  4009,  4067-9,  4074, 
8354,  184  (  =  ' granular';. 

Seed -shaped  bead,  184. 

Semicircle  ornt.,  BrA.  198;  GkPh.  953  a. 

.Sergi,  Dr.  G.,  13. 

.Sevres  Museum,  37. 

Shamar-baal  (inscr.),  6232. 

Shell-pattern,  A'  184. 

Shells,  as  ornts.,  4496-99,  177-8;  as 
strigils,  134,  175. 

Shield,  repr.  Oriental,  153,  5542;  iron 
boss,  3931-3  ;  Tc.  3147,  5347,  5542, 
5567;  Ilellc.  bf.l603;  attr.  of  Athena, 
559L 

.Ship,  repr.  lamp.  1401. 

Shovel,  M  3699. 

Shrine,  votive,  Amathus,  3. 

.Sicilv,  40,  80. 

Sido'n,  cf.  2782. 

Signet,  V.  Ring. 

Silenus,  Tc.  3175. 


2o6 


INDEX    I. 


Silver,  Br.A.  8,  15,  33,  54,  57,  611  flf., 
4101;  silver-lead,  33-4;  oxide,  33, 
140;  GkPh.  21,  24,  34;  bead,  176 
(Am.  100)  ;  bowls,  24,  33,  4883  ; 
jewellery,  7,  121  ff.,  175;  Krater,  7, 
4884  ;  loom-rings,  4801-3;  patera, 
4881;  pliialc,  182;  plate,  5 ;  spoons, 
4871-3;  wire,  4407  ;  llellc.  34;  from 
Attica,  34 ;  Spain,  34-5  ;  silvered 
mirror,  3791  (T.  ;   bronze,  4414,  182. 

Sinai,  copper,  17,  19. 

Si'nJii,  12,  14. 

Sinjirli,  18,  27. 

Six,  Dr.  J.  P.,  30. 

SkottrgiiUissa,  4. 

Skulls,  4,  13,  175,  183-4-5;  other  human 
remains,  178,  184-5. 

Skvlla,  repr.,  hg\.  1774-5. 

Skyphos,  1512. 

Slag-heaps,  KalyJata-Littu,  4 ;  and  glass 
works.  100. 

Sling-stones,  497-9  ;  confused  with  spin- 
dlewhorls,  55. 

Slip.BrA.  16,36;  black,  37,251;  brown, 
277  ;  white,  39,  301  ft'.";  GkPh.  black, 
901,  176-7  ,Am.  1,  158) ;  red,  1079; 
glossy  red,  956 ;  reddish,  1088  ff. ; 
dark.  1070  ff,  1079  ff ,  1173  ;  yellow, 
1080-1;  Tc.  154,  3129.  3195,  3277, 
5801-26,  5913-4,5981-2. 

Sminthios  (amph.  stamp),  2203,  2293. 

Smith,  A.  H.,  Amathus,  3,  176;  Sala- 
Mis,  12,  183-4. 

Smith,  Elsey,  Paphos,  10. 

Smyrna  Museum,  cf  2053. 

Snake  ornt.,  BrA.  27.  91,  96-100,  255  a ; 
Gkl'h.  1042,1114;  rf  1683;  Tc.  3151; 
yK  4259-64,  8261-4,  176,  182;  gem, 
4566. 

Siieferu,  17. 

Snow-man  technique,  v.  Terracottas. 

S0ANIJ0.S,  12, 

Sokrates  (amph.  stamp),  2247. 

Solder,  3988. 

SuLOl,  So/ia/s,  4,  5,  120;  jewellery, 
152-3,  cf.  297;  objects  from,  2116 
(11  ,2511,  2770,  2800.  2808,  2843, 
2851,  2899,  2900,  2901,  2903-4, 
3677  (i8'*3). 

Soteiia  (amph.  inscr.),  2208. 

South  Kensington  Museum,  34 ;  Gastrin, 
3;  Kl:ri(jn,  6;  Salamis,  11;  cf. 
3301. 

Soz6iiienos,  Ag.,  2. 

Spanish  Bronze  Age  (Ciempozuelos),  38  ; 
silver,  34-5. 

Spatulae,"BrA.  604  ;  Hellc.  3737  ff.,  182; 
cf  Toilet  articles. 

Spearheads,  BrA.  15,  184;  GkPh.  .(E 
3801;  Fe.  3921-2;  repr.,  bf.  1543, 
1554,  1603  ;  Sc.  5991. 

Sphinx,  repr.  35,  88,  131;  bf  1585-6; 
rf.  1665-6,  i705-6,  cf  1775  ;  K  4151, 
4378-9.  4546,  4581,  4604  ;  votive, 
5156,  5863, 6153-4,  6158,  6315. 

Spindle,  4990  ;  -whorls,  8,  23,  55,  57-8, 


176,    179,     181,    184,    6510".,    5568; 

bone,  182  ;  basalt,  183. 
Spindle-shaped    beads,    8354,    4471-9  ; 

]H)rc.   charms,   4777-8 ;     thunderbolt, 

3205. 
Spinning,  repr.,  bf.  1592. 
Spiral  bead,  BrA.  A\  625  ;  ribbed  pore, 

632;     bracelet,    5159:     finger    rings, 

4175,8175  ;    Fe.  176;  pin-head,  BrA. 

578. 
Spiral  earrings,  33,  35,  54;  BrA.  611  ff., 

183;  A' 185;  GkPh.  12  2,4101-40,  177 

(Am.  147),  182  (KuRiON) ;  on  statues, 

5338-9,  5561,  5802-7,  5981-2. 
.Spiral  ornt.,  incised,  37  ;   replacing  cone. 

circles,  978,  1058;  Myk.  183. 
Spits,  3926  ff. 

Spoon,  57;  BrA.26;  I?.  3735;  ]P.  4871-5. 
Spout  of  vases,  40;   BrA    12-23,  55-6, 

94-5,   161-79,  318  21,   342,  360-4, 

442;  GkPh.  1026  ff.,  1033  ff. ;   Hellc. 

1781,  1790,  1792  3,  1795. 
.Square  ornt.,  Br.A.  233. 
Staff  ornt.,  GkPh.    920-920  a   (Hellc), 

1081,  1085  ;  bf  1582,  1592-9,  1603, 

1610,  1630;  rf.  1655,  1670,  1740. 
Stag,  v.  Deer. 
.Stamnos,  181 -2. 
Stamped  ornt.,  Hellc.  pottery,  25,  1771- 

6,  1830-65  ;  Tc.  29,  5719,  5802. 
Stamps  on  amphorae,  95  8,  2201  ff. 
.Standard,  repr.,  lamp,  1339. 
Star  ornt.,  GkPh.  950  b,  975-6,  1027, 

174;  lamp,  1371. 
Starting  for  a  race,  rf.  1662. 
Statuettes,     30      (Idalion,    Tamassos, 

Vdni),  cf  141  ff.  passim  ;  ^3851-65. 
Sidvro  Vuni,  14. 
Steatite,   15,    23,  32,    i.(>,  134,   175,   180, 

4444,  4502  6,  4508,  4521-25,  4561, 

4576-8;  unworked,  4525. 
Stele,  re])r.,  rf.    1662;    pendant,    4405. 

5951-63;    painted,    5957-62,  6301- 

7  11-13-15. 
Step,  fragt.  of,  5927. 
Stepiiane,  Tc.  3125-9,  3225  ;  M  3864  ; 

So.    5017,    5212-3,  5315-22,    5640, 

5641  50,    5853-5.      5981-2,    6083, 

6262. 
Stevenson,  Capt.,  Kerynia,  5. 
.Stirring  rods,  Gl.  2891-5  ;  cf.  .Spatidae. 
Stole,  5571. 
Stone  Age :  Cyprus,  13;  Hissarlik,  17. 

—  cylinders,  15  ;  implements,  52,  470 ff.; 
paste,  15;  vessels,  479,  181,  183-4. 

—  statuettes,  176  (Am.  91);  catalogued 
among  terracottas,  5825,  6013. 

Stool,  Tc.  3235. 

aTovmraiTo.  =  false-necked  vases,  174. 

Strabo,  iSo. 

Strainer,    BrA.  54,  415;    GkPh.   1092; 

Hellc.  1781  ff. 
Strap-shaped  handle,  BrA.  261,  270. 
Straw-plait,  imit.  in  pottery,  16,  38. 
Striated   ornt.   of  alabastron,   176    {Am. 

165). 


OF  NAMES,  PLACES,  OBJECTS,  AND  STYLES. 


207 


Strigils,  JE.  3701-9,  176;  Fe.  3941-2, 
175-6,  182;  shells  as,  134,  175. 

String-holes,  of  pottery,  BrA.  38,  58, 1-4, 
41-2,  73,  89,  92,  126-7,  151-60, 
172-3,  179,  207,  209,  211,  224, 
230-1,  296,  312,  322,  344  ff.,  367  ff., 
382-4;  in  the  rim,  331-3;  GkPh. 
956  ;  of  whetstones,  481  ff. 

Strombus  shell,  5176-7. 

Sub-Mykenaean,  v.  Mykenaean. 

Sulphur  core  of  late  gold-work,  35,4096. 

Suppliants,  5517-9  ;  cf.  Votaries. 

Surface-graves,  27. 

Surgical  instrument?,  3749,  175. 

Surreptitious  digging,  6306  ;  Limassol,  8; 
Nikolides,  34  ;  Pyla,  11 ;  Salamis,  ix  ; 
Vitsada.  12  ;  VS^ii,  141  ;    'Zdrukas,  11. 

Survivals  in  funeral  ritual,  32. 

Suspensurae,  11. 

Swan,  repr.  metal,  183  ;  bf.  1556,  1584  ; 
To.  32,  3165,  3257;  J^.  3601 ;  votive, 
5529  ;  attr.  of  Eros,  3165  :  pore.  5763. 

Swastika,  24,  60 ;  GkPh.  950,  952, 
952  a,  1002,  1028  a,  1108,  1117 ; 
Tc.  3031. 

Swelling  on  foot  of  kylix,  GkPh.  954, 
1073. 

Swivel-mounted  rings,  3^,  128,  4183-9, 
182. 

Sword,  yE  3821;  Fe.  3911-3,  173,  182; 
repr.,  bf.  1553,  1603  ;  Tc.  3147,  3303, 
5537,  5541-2;  Sc.  6201;  ^4851. 

Sword-belt,  repr.  1195. 

Syllabary,  Cypriote,  22. 

Syra,  bowl  from,  Cambridge,  cf.  1093. 

Syria,  18-9;  Amorite  culture,  16,  20; 
iron,  21  ;  Myk.  40;  Gl.,  cf.  2704-5. 

Syrinx,  Tc.  3177. 

Syro-Kappadokian  (Hittite)  culture,  19, 
32. 

Tablet,  repr.,  Tc  3133;  Sc.  5009,  5118. 
Taenia,  votive,  5006,  5008  ;  (sash)  ornt. 

(painted  on  stelae),  5957-9,  5961-2. 
Tamassos  :  Ag.  AIndsos,  1 2  ;  Frdngissa, 

12,  167-71  ;  Lamberti,  12,  16,  21,  33, 
38;  Politikb,  14;  glass  works,  106, 
2999;  jewellery,  34,  123W.;  pottery, 
59;  sanctuary,  141  ;  sculptures,  167- 
71  ;  Tc.  29  ;  skulls,  29;  vase  in  Brit. 
Mus.,  12,  77;  cf.  1184.  TG.  (Exca- 
vations of  1885^  V.  Index  III,  p.  213. 

'  Tamassos  und  Idalion,'  i,  2,  4,  6,  8,  12, 

13,  34>4i»  58>  61,  140. 
Tambourine,    31;    Tc.    3093;    -players, 

3101-10,  5287,5296-5301,  5501-11, 
5571,  5601-2,  5707-9,  153-4. 

Tanagra,  iiifl.  in  Cyprus,  31,  108;  Tc. 
3055-63,  3183, 3191-3,  5336. 

Tang  of  dagger-blade,  53. 

Tangent  circles,  ornt.  23,  56,  731,  990. 

Taientum,  Hellc.  pottery,  181. 

Tarsus,  Tc.  from,  cf.  3133. 

Tat,  Egyptian  symbol,  pore.  4545. 

Tatlisitgu.  9,  20. 

Taylor,  W.  T.,  13. 


Tear-bottles,  2084-98 ;  repr.?,  H  4363. 

Tell-el-Amarna,  39. 

Tell-el-Hesy,  17-20,  37,  39,  53-6,  80, 
964,  183. 

Temenos  of  Apollo,  AmargHti,  162 ; 
V6ni,  141  ;  of  Zeus,  Salamis,  ii. 

Temple  of  Jerusalem,  cf,  Paphos,  10;  of 
KuRiON,  181-2. 

Temple-boy,  vfojKopos,  votive,  3,  3151-7 ; 
Vdni, 5053, 5112-35;  Khytroi, 5201- 
16;  Tamassos,  6119-26;  female,  3157, 
5212-3  ;  standing,  6121 ;  as  Herakles, 
3151 ;  attitude,  5576. 

Term,  satyr-headed,  5153-4  (^Vdni). 

Termera,  138. 

Terracotta  figurines,  107  ff.,  14S  ff.,  173  fT. 
(TG.);  from^wrt/^f-///^,  163;  Amathus, 
176-7;  Idalion,  5,  29,  158;  Kition, 

6,  31.  153-7,  178;  KuRioN,  7; 
Khytroi,  149 ;  Linmiti,  8,  165  ; 
Poli,  173-4;  Salamis,  12,  29,  161, 
185-6  ;  SoLOi,  152  ;  Tamassos,  29, 
168;  Voni,  5141,  14S.  BrA.  27,  31, 
51,  461-9,  3275-6,  3321;  Oriental, 
182;  GkPh.  28-32,  107-14,  3001  ff.; 
Hellc.  31  ;  in  Egypt,  16,  23,  29 ; 
figurines  on  vases,  7,  78-9  ;  colossal, 
29 ;  made  in  sections,  5801  ff.,  5813, 
6014,  6016,  6056  7,  6073. 

Snow-man  technique,  23,27,  29,  78-9, 
91,  i74(^;«.  TG.  147),  3085  9,  3105- 
10,  3139,  3145-7,  3261-71,  3281, 
3293-3317,  3325-8,   3341-5,   5253- 

7.  5274  5,  5347,  5401-51,  5484-5, 
5591,  5686-5715,  5827  ff.,  5918, 
6001-12;  with  details  added,  154, 
1251  ff.,  3309-17,  5402,  5445,  5451, 
5521,  5555  (beard), 5556, 5563, 5723- 
79,5981-2;  modelled,  29,  30;  pressed 
in  a  mould,  23,  29,  78,  154,  182,  1276- 
7,  5258-73,  5276-81,  5448  ff.,  5592, 
5984 ;  mould  for,  5337  ;  Tc.  cata- 
logued among  stone  figures,  5141,  141. 

Thackwell,  Major,  91. 

Tharros,  33. 

Theangela,  28. 

Themistokypros,  6227. 

Thera,  BrA.  18,  39. 

Thesmophorios  (amph.  stamp),  2239. 

Thessaly,  Athene  on  coins  of,  cf.  4603. 

Thiasos,  5147. 

1  hompson,  H.  L.,  6212. 

Thothmes  III,  20,  175,  4542-3,  4550. 

Throne,  5997,  6162. 

7'hr6ni,  14. 

Thueris,  repr.  186. 

Tliunderbolt,  Tc.  3205  (attr.  of  Herakles); 

Sc.  5136. 
Timagoras,  6228. 
'Times,'   Ama'i  iius,    3;     Idalion,    4; 

KuRioN,  7,  20;  Salamis,  12,  20. 
Timodikos  (amph.  stamp),  2248,  [2253]. 
Tim[o]k[ra]tidas  (amph.  stamp),  2291. 
Timokretes,  6221. 
Timokypros,  6221. 
Times,  6228. 


2o8 


INDEX    I. 


Tin,  15. 

Tischler,  Dr.,  15. 

Titus,  2116. 

Toilet  articles,  Gl.  4,   106,   11 7-8;  TG. 

175-7.  179- 

Tomb  Groups,  arrangement  of,  25  ;  BrA. 
57-8,  181,  1S3-6;  Gkl'li.  173-Q,  1S2; 
Hcllc,  Ag.  Faraskevi,  95,  2159-61. 

Tombs,  oval,  185;  of  masonry,  184;  of 
brick,  185  ;  Laniaka,  6  ;  domed, 
Lithargian,  8  ;  Laks/ul  tu  Kin,  58  ; 
Crete,  fiS  ;  V-shaped,  185. 

Torch,  attr.  6212. 

Torch-holders,  GkPh.  963-4. 

Torque,  130;  v.  Bracelet. 

Tortoise,  votive,  To.  31-2,  3277. 

Toumba,  Sal.'VMIS,  12,  5801  26. 

Toys,  funerary,  32. 

Transition  Period,  v.  Sub-Mykenaean. 

Transparent  drapery,  6110-11. 

Tree,  repr.  and  ornt.  24,  33  ;  BrA.  27,  36, 
225;  seal,  181;  Myk.  40;  GkPh. 
1052,  1059  twig),  1060,  1086,  1142, 
1164  ff.,  1188-9,  1201-4,  1206-7, 
1252-3,1261.1267-8,  177  {Am.  214)  ; 
Ilellc.  bf.  1592  ;  rf.  1656  ;  lamp, 
1419  ;  naturalistic,  1267  ;  Tc.  3207, 
3245,  5141,  5305-14  ;  on  stele,  5960  ; 
on  altar,  179;  X  4147,  4158;  gem, 
4503;  cylinder,  180  ;  '  sacred  tree,' 24, 
33.  6072. 

Trefoil  lip  of  vases,  1083-4. 

Tremithus,  Trcmithiisha,  12. 

Triangle  ornt.  on  pottery,  plain,  BrA. 
199,  233,  346  ff. ;  of  punctured  dots, 
BrA.  38 ;  hatched,  BrA.  38,  40,  60, 
199-2*01,  307-10,  322,  438-9,  442; 
GkPh.  1041 ;  cross-hatched  (  =  lattice^ 
21,  24,  38,  40,  60;  BrA.  329,  447; 
sub-Mvk.  elaborate,  434-5  ;  GkPh. 
901  a-'3,  912  a,  967,  1041-2,  1098, 
1117,  1122,  1168,  1170  ;  chequered, 
GkPh.  1028  a;  black,  tJkPh.  989-90, 
995,  1006,  5567  (shield) ;  red,  1154  ; 
on  stele,  5951-2. 

Triangular  dagger-blades,  53. 

Tridacna  shell,  134,  178. 

Trident,  s)  mbol  on  amphora  stamp,  2254. 

Triko»io,  3. 

Trinkets,  funerary,  32. 

Tripod,  Br.A.  M  184;  Tc.  27;  vases, 
180-5  ;  GkPh.  Tc.  965-7. 

*  Troja,  1893,'  39;  cf.  Hissarlik. 

Troddos,  Mt ,  14,  39. 

Trophy,  repr.,  lamp,  1365-6. 

Trumpet  of  strombus  shell,  5176-7. 

Tubbs,  H.  A.,  Limnlti,  8 ;  Poll,  9 ; 
Salamis.  II. 

Tubular  beads,  4891. 

Tumuli,  8,  14. 

Tiirabl  TcU,  Larnaka,  6,  26,  32  ;  TG. 
178-9. 

Turin  Museum  (No.  126),  14,  21,  34, 123. 

Turner  Bequest,  E.\cavations,  3,  7,  i  2. 

Tweezers,  BrA.  601  ;  GkPh.  3934 ; 
Hellc.  179. 


Twig  ornt.,  GkPh.  1059  b  ;  cf.  Tree. 
Twisted  handle  of  vase,  BrA.  53,  173; 

Myk.  186;  GkPh.  178. 
Tylliria,  9. 

Tympanum,  v.  Tambourine. 
Types  of  Sculpture,  31. 
Tyre,  37. 
Tyrrhias,  Mt.,  TylHHa,  9. 

Umber,  17,  26. 

Underfiring,  1190. 

Unfinished  spiiidlewhorl,  664, 

Unio  shell,  134,  179. 

Unworked  river-stones,  494-5 ;   steatite, 

4525. 
Uraeus,  4763. 
Urn,  of  lead,  3961-2. 

Vakuf  land,  Lamaka,  178. 

Vaphio  cups  compared,  180. 

Variegated  glass,  v.  Glass. 

Varnish,  v.  Glaze. 

Varvakeion  Athene,  column  of,  cf.  5049. 

Vase-handle,  I^  175. 

Vase-shaped  pendants,  35  ;  as  ornaments, 
36,  1S2. 

J 'a  mi,  12. 

Veil,  repr.,  Tc.  3091,  3112,  3119,  3125, 
3225,3231,5217-47,5268-73,5675- 
84,  5856,  5955,  5991,  5997,  6211. 

Venus  shell,  134,  178. 

Vermilion,  60. 

Vertical  bands,  950  b. 

—  circles  ornt  ,  GkPh.  24,60,  996, 1003, 
1052,  1057-7  a,  1078,  1081,  1088  ; 
broad  circles,  1057. 

—  and  horiz.  circles,  989,  991,  1059  ff., 
1079, 1080. 

—  lines  on  shoulder,  ornt.  1155,  1181, 
1186. 

Victim,  Tc.  types,  31. 
Vienna,  Hof-Museum,  statue  from  Lar- 
naka, 6  ;  skulls,  13. 

VILLI.  2115. 

Vine,  repr.,  lamp,  1377  ;  bf.  1587,  1593- 

4,  1596;  bgl.  1776. 
Vine-leaf,  .^.  3575. 
Virchow,  Dr.  R.,  13. 

—  Fund  Excavations,  Tamassos,  12. 
VilsdJa,  12,  30,  166-7,  5991-7. 
\'oUUcs,  yp:  3751 ;    Bvz.  4897  ;    capital, 

5599,  5951-2,  6301-6. 
Voni,    5,    131  ff.;     Hellc.    statues,    30; 

Herakles,     31,    3862,    4435,     5001- 

5177. 
Votaries,  Tc.   31,   141,   3071-81;    male, 

5001  ff,    5535-9,   6156-7;     female, 

5253  7,  5521  34. 
Votive  terracottas,  31,  182. 
I'lii/io,  31. 

Waggon,  repr.  24  ;  v.  Cart. 

\Vail  of  KlTiON,  153. 

Walters.  H.  B.,  KuRlON,    7,    26,    iSo; 

Mardni,  187. 
Warren,  Col.  E.,  7  (KuRlON),  46,  no. 


OF    NAMES,    PLACES,    OBJECTS,    AND    STYLES. 


209 


Warriors,  repr.,  Tc.  24,  29,  32,  106,  3147, 
5347,  5535,  5537,  5541-2,  6002-5; 
bf.  1589,  1603  ;  gems,  4577,  4604. 

Water-birds,  repr.  9,  24. 

Water-pipe,  Pb.  3983. 

Watkins,  C  ,  Idalion,  3,  4;  Poli,  9. 

Wavy  line  ornt.  (  =  '  W-L.'),  21,  24; 
BrA.  36,  38,  52,  323-6,  328,  334-5, 
440  ;  GkPh.  910,  919,  953  b,  954, 
1029,  1040, 1042, 1054,  1061,  1063, 
1079, 1103,  1107, 1111,  1119,  1128  ff., 
1134;  Gl.  100. 

Weeren,  Prof.,  analysis,  10,  15,  32. 

Weights,  BrA.?  636,  181,  1^83;  Hellc. 
M  3691-4  ;  Pb.  3984-5. 

Weisbach,  Dr.,  13. 

Wheel,  repr.  of  wooden,  5991. 

Wheel-made  potter}',  Egypt,  16 ;  BrA. 
59,  1S4,  300;  GkPh.  21,  37-8,  58-9, 
901  ff. ;  Tc.  5501  ff.,  5703. 

Whetstones,  53,  57,  176,  481  ff. 

Whip-lash  ornt.  1077. 

White  lekythi,  25,  87,  1698. 

—  paint,  V.  Paint. 

—  Painted  Ware,  BrA.  38,  57-8,  184; 
GkPh.  59. 

—  Polished  Ware,  BrA.  39,  57-8. 

—  Slip  Ware,  BrA.  39,  57-8,  184-6 ; 
GkPh.  (polychrome^  1221-2,  1277, 
1311-2  ;  Hellc.  1082. 

—  Ware  with  Base-Ring,  BrA.  37,  47, 
184-5,  291-9. 

Wig,     Egyptian,     5508,    5529,    5536, 

5544-5,  5577  ;  cf.  Head-dress. 
Williamson,  J.  W.,  &  Co.,  KuRiON,  7 ; 

Poli,  9. 
Wine    amphorae,    26,   91,    175,    178-9  ; 

miniature,  177,  2001-49;  slung  on  a 

pole,  2022,  2028. 
Wing,  archaic,  4378-9,  6315. 
Wing- ornt.  of  Lotos,  1184. 
Winged  disc,  4581 ;   horse,  v.  Pegasos  ; 

humanfigure,  rf.  1658, Gl.  2862 ;  v.  Eros. 


Woman,  v.  Human  figure. 

Woman-and-pitcher  vases,  60-1,  182. 

Woodwork  in  Cyprus,  23;  preserved, 
3613-20  reff. ;  prototypes,  39. 

'Woolsack'  earring,  123. 

Worshipper,  v.  Votary. 

Wrapper,  5955. 

Wreath,  repr.,  rf.  1653,  1659  ;  Gl. 
2862-3  ;  Tc.  3225,  3233  ;  K  4342  ; 
gem,  4615  ;  votive,  5007,  5010,  5012, 
5018,  5021-2,  5048,  5109-11,  5114- 
21,5533-4,  5722,5954,  6014,  6019- 
20, 6023,6087,  6092, 6127  ff.,  6155  a, 
6313. 

Wrestlers,  repr.,  bf.  1562, 1624. 

XdpT]s,  12. 

Xenophantos  (amph.  inscr.),  2246. 
Xenostratos  (amph.  inscr.),  2245. 
Xpr](XT(  xa'^^E)  27,  6205,  6207. 
Xylotytnbu,  12,  14,  21. 

Yaltisa,  21. 

Yellow,  V.  Paint 

Yerosklfos,  6. 

Yoke,  repr.,  Tc.  6009-11. 

Youth,  repr.  gem,  4583  ;  pendant,  4931. 

Zdmkas,  11,  14,  187. 

'  Zeitschr.  f.  Aegypt.  Sprache,'  28. 

'  —  f.  Keilinschriften,'  134,  4501. 

Zeus,  attr.  given  to  Apollo,  141  ;  to 
Herakles,  5136  ;  Ammon,  repr.  1385- 
6  ;  Olympios,  repr.  1394  ;  Soter  (Te- 
menos  at  Salamis),  1 1  ;  apa  Ad,  6223. 

Zigzag  ornt,  BrA.  36  ff.,  39,  54-6,  59, 
62,  74,  89,  93,  95, 111-4, 120  ff.,  193, 
200-1,  203-5,  213  ;  GkPh.  901  b 
(bands  of),  939,  941,  950  b,  1091  (on 
handle),  1255,  2007  a,  178;  GL  loi. 

Zurich  Museum,  37. 

Zygi_  2T. 


INDEX    11. 


OF   DIAGRAMS   INSERTED   IN   THE   TEXT. 


Illlllllll 
llllllllli 


328. 


311,  367. 


1110,  1158. 

C''''"X])     Aretine  ware,  2115. 
^V-VV-H-^    118, 120  ff.,  211,  301-3. 

306  ff.,  356  ff. 


J|f    BrA.  400  ;  GkPh.  950,  4529. 

nnnn  431. 

r^'^Wi^    438-9. 

^     abbr.  =(Tio,  2254. 

0\0-^G\     731. 

\0\0\0\    p-  23. 

pW    733. 

-1=^     964. 


1086,  1202. 


^    1201. 
«^^    1205. 
O  O  O  ®  O  O  O     1146. 

o 

m    1154. 

mm:  ^^^°- 

A 

A     P-  24- 
A 

^     1625  a. 


4508. 


\\\\\ 


•  •  •     • 


4522. 


®    5347. 

^  U     5909. 


2053. 


INDEX   III. 


OF   TOMB    GROUPS    FROM   THE   LARGER    EXCAVATIONS. 


AGIA    PARASKEVI. 


Br. A.  objects  :    unidentified: 

1884. 

3.  236. 

1885. 

11.  35- 

172. 

505-14,531,533, 

1885. 

1-4,  16,  83,   90, 

53- 

188. 

567-70,      575-9, 

93,    182,     388-9, 

88 

125. 

590,611-14,  621- 

415;  figurine,  463, 

Uncertain,         96, 

2,630-1,633,708. 

?485. 

213,215,411. 

Jewellery:  4000  a-d,4101, 

1885. 

i.     7.  44. 

1894. 

5- 

4471-7. 

4471  ff. 

i.  12.   200-1,     225, 

10. 

213,233,251, 

From  recorded  Excavations: 

230. 

386 ;  figurine. 

1884.       119,      227,     286, 

ii.    7.  632,    634-5, 

462  ;  bronzes. 

326,  400,  412-13, 

636-7. 

&c.:  571, 617, 

416. 

9.  221. 

623  a-c,  625, 

1884.    I.  'Cylinder Grave': 

10.  81,  223. 

653,  680,  cf. 

180,224,252,255, 

30.  75. 

630,  4502. 

260,  266,  4501. 

AMA  THUS. 

Excavations  of  1894.     Cf.  the  Tomb  Groups  described  pp.  175-8. 
*  indicates  that  the  Tomb  Group  is  exhibited  together. 


I. 

1004,  4832,  4839. 

44. 

799,  4465. 

4365,    4704,    4728, 

*4. 

982,      1037,      1039, 

47- 

3305, 3323. 

4736-7,4746,4754, 

1104-5,  4167. 

48. 

2869,  4752. 

4756-7,4760,4762, 

8. 

3801. 

ii- 

793. 

4775-7,  4784. 

*9- 

489,  490,  926. 

68- 

3023,     3029,    3097, 

100. 

1677,     4201,     4252, 

II. 

Tomb  Group,  p.  176. 

3545,    4264,   4462, 

4316,  4413. 

13- 

1180,2151,  4001  a,  b. 

4703,  4721,  ?4764, 

106. 

1062. 

4069,  4070,  4072- 

4778. 

107. 

4024,     4147,     4317, 

3,     4086,     4165-6, 

69- 

4082,     4088,    4160, 

4356,4410,4441-3, 

4360,  4453,  4562. 

4210-11  (4610-11). 

4727. 

17- 

2110. 

60. 

4068,  4361. 

no. 

(BM.  cf.  1599.) 

18. 

2518. 

61. 

4048, 4094-5,  4345. 

118. 

1027. 

19. 

953  a,     2512,    2516, 

64. 

1166,  4463. 

120. 

2133. 

4002,    4013,    4138, 

70. 

3711. 

♦127. 

1229,      1686,     4117, 

4464,  4547. 

77- 

774. 

4255,  4349,  4412. 

20. 

916,930,1017,3083, 

*8o. 

cf.  1027,  1168-9,   cf. 

128. 

2146. 

3311-13-15. 

1176,  1287-8,  8176, 

130. 

2147,     2528,     2868, 

25- 

1074. 

8188-9,4256,8354, 

4011,     4395,    4461, 

27. 

3353,  4707. 

4451-2. 

4561,4705-6,4708- 

28. 

1059  b,  3043,  3203, 

91. 

1638-9,  3076,  3750, 

11.  4729. 

3779,    4722,    4725, 

4254,  4260. 

*i47. 

1272-3. 

4742,4750-1,4758. 

93- 

1057  a,  1227. 

148. 

979. 

32- 

3307,  4780. 

97- 

cf.  1027,  1170,  1228, 

150. 

4763. 

39- 

1797. 

1289. 

151- 

cf.  1027. 

41- 

2108-9,  2520,  2524, 

98. 

1014-5, 1076  b,  1658, 

*i54- 

1676  a. 

4134. 

3513,  4168,  4362-3, 
P  2 

157- 

3345,  3351. 

212 

INDEX    III. 

ipS.  3302,     4546,    4567, 

214. 

3510, 

4761,  4783. 

218. 

2867. 

i6i.  4455. 

221. 

936,      2517,      2526, 

165.  1057,     1167,     3780, 

2842,    4025,  4148, 

4014,    4121,    4124, 

4205  (4605),  4207, 

4351. 

4851. 

166.  1091,1176  c. 

224. 

771,      2530,      3725, 

170.  4093. 

4083. 

173.  3301. 

225. 

1127. 

176.  3325. 

232, 

1038,     2532,     4055, 

181.  3343. 

4065-6,4162,4601, 

182.   2128. 

4835. 

186.  1027  a,  3075,   3105, 

2.34- 

1090. 

3109,    3327,   3342, 

23.5- 

4149,  4466. 

3549,    4318,    4454, 

238. 

915,      958,      960-1, 

4759. 

1065  a. 

187.  1096,  cf.  1092, 

24.5- 

4071. 

188.  2534. 

250. 

4467. 

189.  3193. 

*25I. 

914,  924a,  938,955, 

201.  (BM.  cf.  4563.) 

957,    984-5,    1089, 

202.  4007,    4212    (4612), 

1126,  1171-2,  1177, 

4265-7. 

1190,     3074,    3110, 

205.  736-69. 

3262,  3304,  4530. 

207.  980,  1069,  2409. 

254- 

736-69. 

213.  2514,    4046,     4067, 

259- 

3793. 

4209  (4609),  4391. 

260. 

959. 

ID  A  LION. 

Excavations  of  1894. 

5.  1028. 

41.  4565. 

19.  1031. 

42.  4726,  4765. 

26.  2003,3517,3521,4010, 

43-  1067. 

4012,  4119-20,  4126, 

45.  4266,  4268-9. 

4187  (4587),  4372. 

1 

262,  4602,  4702,4753. 
275.  3261,  3263-4,  3299, 

3303,  4724,  4755. 
27S.  991,      1073,      8004, 

4833-4.  4836. 

279.  905  a,      925,     1007, 

1012,  1032. 

280.  921,  922,  2515. 
285.  1046,  4197. 

290.  2513,     2522,     3553, 
3724. 

293.  2503. 

294.  4049,  4092, 
296.  3195. 

305.  3337. 

306.  1802,  3781. 
309.  1691,  4769. 
Uncertain  :  — 

901  b,  1027, 1059  a, 
1068,     1175,    1178, 
1295,    2535,    2833, 
4026,  4123. 
Surface  : — 

3623,    3922,     4102, 
4164,  4543-4, 


54,  986. 

65.  3758. 

76.  4470,  4701,  4781, 

78,  1023. 


KALOPSIDA. 
Excavations  of  1894. 


I.  58. 

5,  229,  515-6. 

6.  493. 

9.  551,  553,  581,  587, 
10.  484,  517. 


11.  178,  281-3,   291,   296, 

331-3,  518-9,  622, 

12.  561-2,  586. 
18.  170. 

23.  319-21. 


24,  582-5. 
26.  486-7. 
32.  57. 

Uncertain : — 164. 
Surface : — 3013. 


KITION. 
Excavations  of  1894. 


I,  3961, 

3.  8070. 

4.  8049. 

11.  2008. 

12.  2009,  2042. 
14.  2001. 

18.  2043,  2047. 
23.  2045-6,      2810  a,      cf. 
2783-8. 


25.  2019. 
27.  2010, 
29.  1137. 

34.  2006. 

35.  2810  b,  cf.  2783-8. 
37.  2007,4032. 

41.  4259, 

42.  2002. 


45,  2024,  2850,  3557-9, 
4091,  4097,  8058. 
8072,  4217, 

53.  1028  a. 

54.  1022,  4280. 
56.  2007  a. 
Uncertain  : — 

1157,  2004-5,  3513. 


OF    TOMB    GROUPS    FROM    THE    LARGER    EXCAVATIONS.       213 


KURION. 
Excavations  of  1883-6  and  1895. 


18S3.  969,971,1106,1141- 
2,1170,3605,3611. 

1883-4.1117,  1119,  1322. 

1S84.  1035-6,1107,2148, 
2157,  3524,  3531. 

1885.  3826-30. 

1886.  2536,    2790,    2811, 

3615,  3968,  4110- 
11-12,  4251,  4253, 


4260-2,     4303-5, 
4354,  4401-2, 

4404-9,  4883, 

4901. 
1895.   27.  467. 

46.  470  (celt). 
.51.  609  (plough- 

share). 
87.  469  (figurine). 


1895. 100.  466  (figurine). 

105.  468 
Unrecorded : — 

1108,1293-6,?  2051, 
3107,  3121,  ?3145 
(v.  Tamassos),  3171, 
4003,  ?  4767-8, 
4825-9. 


6.  436,    439,     447,  448, 

449,  1131. 
12.  923,    941,    943,    954, 
962  a,  cf.  971,  972- 
3,      975-6,      1029, 
1040-2, 1113, 1118, 


PAP  HO  S. 

Excavations  of  1888. 

1123  a,  1124,  1128, 
1130  a-d,  1143, 

1162-3. 

E.  14.  942. 

17.  1000. 

19.  2491. 


20.  983,  1028  b. 

21.  935,992,  1114. 
CC.  1676. 

Aovpa    rov   Ka/^TjXou.  4054, 
4059,  4306. 


SAL  AMIS. 


Without  mark :— [573-4, 
580,583,  604-5],  2041, 
2089,  2096,2116,  2120, 
2142,3625,3825,3983, 
3986,     4550,     4571-8, 


Excavations  of  1890-1. 

4732,  8013,  8071,  8263, 

4990,  4995. 
C.  18.  1690. 
C.  21  M.  3189. 
C.  24  j.  3355. 
C.  Agora.  3675,  3691. 


C  Loutron.  3339. 
G  Toumba.  3265. 
Apr.  17.  3019-21. 

,,     18.  3011. 

„     21.  3071. 

„     26.  3139,  5833. 


TAMASSOS. 


II.  18.  990. 

29.  1093,1095. 

31.  952  a. 

32.  1071. 

35-  nil. 

36.  989. 

40.  1005. 

41.  950  b,  994,1006. 
47.  1197. 

?    950  a. 
IV.  (*  =  A  on  label). 
*2.  1592. 
3.  1112. 
*4.  4881. 
*ii.  3535. 
12.  1567. 
*I7.  3003. 
E.A.14.  8146. 
O.  3147. 


Excavations  of  1885. 

Lamberti  (BrA.) : — 

14.  179. 

15.  14436. 

29.  205. 

30.  125  a. 

31.  312. 
?     361. 

Khomazudia : — 

3.  344. 
(Warren  335)  2420. 
(Warren      341)      3145      (v. 

Kurion) 
(BrA.  of  uncertain    proven- 
ance) : — 

147,  166,  183-5, 
492,  504,  520, 
524-5,  538-41, 
547,  556-7,  566, 
589,  598,  600  a, 


603  a,  610,  652, 
655. 
Gk.  Ph.  928,  1122,  1542, 
2404,2417,3089, 
3137,  3145  (?  Ku- 
rion), 3269-71, 
cf.  3317,  3341, 
3501-4,  3511-12, 
3537,3740,3754- 
5,  3834,  3911-2, 
3921,  3926  ff., 
4008,4213,4264, 
4272,4385,4439, 
4471  ff.,  4496, 
4782-5,  4824, 
8003,  8007  ?, 

8012,  8014,  8018, 
8037,8048,8144, 
8265,8353,8355. 


214 


INDEX    III. 


MARION  ARSINOE  {Poll). 


Excavations  of  1886 


s 

12 

J3 


13 
14 
15 
16 

17 
17 

18 

18 

19 

20 
20 

21 


23 
24 
25 
25 
25 
26 


27 
28 

28 

29 

29 

30 

31 
32 

35 
38 
39 

41 

41 


I.  3905. 
III.  1226,  4019. 

I.  2092. 
III.   1901,  2067.  4801. 
I.  1210,  1267,    1601, 
1656,1688,3037- 
39-41. 
II.  1598,  1599. 
III.  1020,  1736. 
II.  1183,  3519. 
II.  1189,  3753. 
II.  1135  a. 
III.  1221.1723,1903-4, 

1921-9. 
II.  1008,  1101. 
III.  1740,  1931,  3528, 

6225. 
III.  1238,  1723,  1902, 

1905,  6226. 
II.  3144,  3255.  3257, 
3259,4184;4584). 
III.  1181,    1211,    1240, 
1663,  1667,1701, 
2407,3653,3703. 
III.  1724-5,  1776, 

1906-7,    1932-3, 
4192. 
III.  4133,  4175,4352. 
III.  4098,  4214,  4440. 
I.  1908,  3752. 
II.  4923. 
III.  1657. 
I.  1285,    1313,   1681, 
1703,  1706,  1714, 
1733,         1752-3, 
1764,         1791-3, 
1796,     cf.     1865, 
1912,       1934-43, 
2091,3232,3256, 
3277,     3653.    cf. 
3738,     cf.     3913, 
4144,  4343. 
I.  1998. 
I.  1909. 
III.  1281,  3267. 

I.  1754. 
III.  1734-5,  1944. 
III.  1024,  1201,  1268, 

3129,  6227. 
III.  6228. 
I.  6223. 
III.  939. 
II.  1945. 
II.  1283,  1596,  1682, 

3283. 
[II]  1669,  2071,  2088, 

2112  a. 
II.  4100,  4208,  4411, 
4582,4791,4931, 
4941-2. 


J^.£^\ 

.^C*  V 

<A\J^\JL1.0       V/X       A.\~f*-/^^* 

^/ 

42 

III. 

4106,  4132. 

117 

I. 

1803,  2501,  24B8, 

44 

II. 

3127,  3177,  3328. 

3045-7,        3200, 

4.S 

II. 

1003. 

3204,  3361. 

48 

I. 

1223. 

118 

I. 

1610,  1672, 1728. 

49 

III. 

1726. 

124 

I. 

2068,  2082. 

50 

III. 

1595. 

124 

II. 

1019. 

51 

II. 

1585. 

125 

II. 

1718. 

52 

II. 

1543. 

126 

I. 

1208,  1251,  1268. 

54 

II. 

1781. 

127 

I. 

3293. 

56 

I. 

2094. 

133 

II. 

4141. 

57 

II. 

1284. 

^34 

II. 

3099,  3125,  4108. 

58 

I. 

1790. 

1.34 

.11] 

1652. 

58 

II. 

1594,  1606,  1756. 

135 

II. 

4468. 

59 

I. 

3077. 

142 

II. 

1704,      cf.      3051, 

60 

I. 

1675,  1784,  1913. 

3059,  3185,  3931, 

61 

I. 

3253,  3297,  3643, 

4374. 

3726. 

144 

II. 

1558. 

68 

II. 

1623. 

146 

II. 

1080-1,1711,1731, 

71 

I. 

3032-3,  6224. 

1788,  1910,  1914, 

72 

I. 

3055,  3231. 

1967-71,  3181-83. 

72 

II. 

1271,   1276,    1277, 

147 

II. 

1569. 

1301,          1311-2, 

155 

II. 

944  a,  1094. 

1600,1655,1680, 

157 

II. 

8173. 

1713,  1721,  1727, 

158 

I. 

1629,  1660,  1673, 

1761,2421,1947- 

1692,          1771-2, 

57. 

1789,         1973-4, 

74 

I. 

1707. 

2080,  3738. 

74 

II. 

1983. 

159 

II. 

1571-2,        1587  a. 

75 

I. 

1659,  1671,  1679, 

1775,  3143,  3157. 

1765,  1785,  1961, 

164 

II. 

1570,  1684. 

3902,  cf.  3057. 

168 

II. 

1025. 

76 

I. 

1708,  1783. 

171 

II. 

1576. 

76 

II. 

1556,  3770. 

176 

II. 

1628,  1972. 

77 

I. 

3155. 

177 

II. 

1575,  1582, 1618. 

78 

I. 

1709-11,  1755. 

178 

II. 

1732. 

79 

I. 

1958. 

182 

II. 

1705. 

82 

I. 

1786. 

200 

II. 

1593. 

83 

I. 

1762-3,  1959. 

206 

II. 

1610. 

85 

II. 

1023  a,  1674, 1774. 

210 

II. 

1513,  1625,  4146, 

88 

I, 

1236,    1321,   1714, 

4156. 

1782,1960,1962- 

214 

II. 

1554,  2099,  3602- 

5,  3057,  3601. 

3. 

89 

II. 

1715. 

215 

II. 

1626,  3769? 

91 

II. 

cf.  1556,  1722. 

216 

II. 

1541,1557,1578-9, 

92 

II. 

30. 

1608,     cf.     1825, 

93 

I. 

2087,  3169,3179. 

4009  b, 

94 

I. 

1021,  1290. 

218 

II. 

1550. 

95 

I. 

1966. 

219 

II. 

1237. 

96 

I. 

1678,  1773. 

224 

II. 

4353. 

97 

I. 

1270. 

226 

I. 

1738,  1911. 

99 

II. 

6222. 

228 

II. 

1568,  1624. 

103 

I. 

4106. 

234 

[?] 

1619. 

106 

II. 

917,    1205,    1222, 

235 

II. 

1202. 

1225,       1252-60, 

239 

II. 

1204,  1207,  1209, 

1602,  1683,3132, 

1560-1,     1580-1, 

cf.     3144,     3156, 

1668, 1739, 1975, 

3284,  4588. 

3617,  4168. 

III 

II. 

1586,      cf.      3057, 
3079-81,       3131, 
3141,  6221. 

244 

II. 

1559,  1562,  1564, 
1573-4,         4150, 
4190. 

OF  TOMB  GROUPS  FROM  THE  LARGER  EXCAVATIONS.   21  = 


253   II.  1810,  4823. 

256    II.  944. 

320    II.  1662. 

Uncertain: — 

919-20  a,  1072, 
1132,  1511-12, 
1603,1687,1689, 
1702,  1712,  1730, 
1741,  1930,  1946, 
1981-2,  2406, 
3524,3528,3613, 


3619,  3631-9, 
3701,  3709-10, 
3932,  3935  ff., 
3941-2,  3988, 
3990,4017,4018, 
4021,4029,4036- 
40,  4064,  4079, 
4096,  4107,  4113, 
4118,  4123,  4125, 
4127,  4131, 4139- 
40,   4152,    4154, 


4169-74,  4176- 
81,  4182,  4193-6, 
4198-9,  4200, 
4215,  4257-8, 
4271,4301,4344, 
4359,4364,4366- 
70,  4371,  4373-6, 
4378-9,  4380?, 
4394,  4396  ?, 

4581. 


Cyprus  Exploration  Fund:   Excavations  of  1889. 


B.  3045-7. 

C.  1685. 

D.  2415. 

E.  2089. 
G.  2411. 
I.  2092  a. 
J.  2098. 

O.  2143-4, 2126. 

S.  ?  2129. 

B.  7.  1262. 
8.  1719. 


B.    9.  1666,  1716. 

11.  1737,  1980,  2410. 

12.  1203,  1206,1795. 

13.  1661. 

14.  3035. 
C. 25.  719. 
F.  13.  2416. 

16.  1224. 
19.  1583. 

25.  3273. 

26.  928  a. 


F.  31.  3329. 

K.  12.  1597,  1665,  1729. 

35.  1239,  1787. 

36.  3287. 
M.  I.  4263. 

25.  1552. 
69.  4443. 
T.    2.  1554,  1565. 
Uncertain  : — 

3505,     3607,    3621, 
3707,  3751,  3796. 


Cyprus  Exploration  Fund :  Excavations  of  1890. 


2.  1085. 

6.  1670. 

8.  1084. 
II.  1174. 
18.  981. 


22.  1730. 

25.  963,1807. 

26.  3281. 

27.  1742. 


36.  3295,  3309. 
41.  1741. 
45.  1577. 
79.  2052. 


INDEX   IV. 

CONTAINING  THE  REFERENCE  NUMBERS  OF  CYPRIOTE 
ANTIQUITIES  IN  OTHER  MUSEUMS,  AND  OF  OBJECTS 
IN  THE  CYPRUS  MUSEUM  WITH  WHICH  THEY  ARE 
COMPARED. 

LONDON:   BRITISH  MUSEUM. 


B 


Vases  :- 

— 

B.M. 

CM. 

B.M. 

Brit.  M. 

Cj-pr.  M. 

B.  3S8. 

1550  ff. 

C.  185-7. 

2. 

16. 

408. 

1554. 

188. 

4- 

41  ff. 

415-6. 

1556. 

189. 

5- 

1-4. 

422-3. 

1556. 

190. 

6. 

27  ff. 

458- 

1568. 

192-6. 

9- 

180  ff. 

567- 

1588  ff. 

198. 

lO. 

140  ff. 

572-3- 

1588  ff. 

199. 

11. 

51. 

579- 

1588  ff. 

200. 

12. 

186  ff. 

601-12 

1556. 

213, 

13. 

180  ff. 

659. 

1597. 

224-5. 

14-7. 

lllff. 

c.    5-6. 

301  ff. 

226. 

19-20 

63  ff. 

11-15 

48. 

227-30 

21-2. 

211. 

30. 

306. 

236-40 

27. 

209. 

33- 

334. 

240. 

28-9. 

203. 

45- 

346  ff. 

243- 

30. 

206. 

48-9. 

360  ff. 

250. 

3'- 

203. 

50- 

356  ff. 

262-4. 

36-7- 

7ff. 

55-7- 

368  ff. 

275-6. 

38. 

52. 

61. 

364-5. 

280. 

39- 

62. 

65. 

411  ff. 

300-6. 

40-5. 

63  ff. 

85. 

1033. 

310  ff. 

47- 

199. 

87-9. 

1034  ff. 

312. 

48. 

203. 

90-1, 

1039. 

319- 

49. 

63  ff. 

92. 

981. 

320- 

50. 

75  ff. 

99. 

901  ff. 

351- 

51- 

230. 

100. 

901  ff. 

352. 

.52. 

120  ff. 

102. 

901  ff. 

356ff- 

63-6. 

151  ff. 

104. 

004. 

363- 

58. 

252. 

106. 

1029  ff. 

365- 

61. 

251. 

112. 

1042,  1130. 

371- 

63. 

266. 

1 13-7- 

901  ff. 

372. 

66. 

255  a. 

116. 

1128. 

381-2. 

67-8. 

300. 

120. 

1050  a. 

382. 

73-4- 

281  ff. 

122. 

975-6. 

383- 

121. 

271  ff. 

129. 

2052. 

390-5. 

132. 

467  ff. 

140-6. 

1195-7. 

E,   269. 

134- 

402. 

1 60. 

1177  ff. 

722  ff. 

321-7- 

430  ff. 

164-6. 

951  ff. 

763. 

328. 

432  ff. 

167. 

1108. 

764. 

446. 

439. 

169. 

1185  ff. 

F.     32-4- 

iSi. 

1542. 

179-81. 

1026. 

96. 

274-7- 

1598. 

183. 

1006. 

119-20 

CM. 

977. 

1094, 

1093. 

1094. 

993. 

1092. 

1026. 

1043  ff. 

1053. 

1014  ff. 

1068. 

1027. 

1134  ff. 

1137. 

1157. 

1178. 

1170, 

1171-2, 

1174. 

914  ff. 

997  ff. 

981. 

1002. 

1073. 

1078. 

1077. 

1251  ff. 

1252. 

1251. 

1313. 

020  ff. 

923. 

027, 

938. 

2100-12. 

1662. 

1701  ff. 

1782  ff. 

1781. 

1701  ff, 

1652  a. 

1701  ff. 


CYPRIOTE   ANTIQUITIES    IN    OTHER    MUSEUMS. 


217 


B.M.    CM. 

B.M.        CM. 

G.     54  ff.     1771  ff. 

C  155.        3211  ff. 

69  ff,     1773. 

156.        3233. 

82  ff.     1792. 

Cypr.  120.  464. 

Terracottas  : — 

Inventory  Nos.  : — 

A.  9,  10,  15,  18.  5571. 

56/12/23,  1746.  4891-3. 

A. 36-40.    5719  ff. 

68/7/5.  156.         2051. 

42-60.    3801  ff. 
59-70.    5801  ff. 

Tg"i6i'    {4869,5957-62. 

B.  118  ff.      3017  ff. 

195.      4345. 

211-3.    3277. 

201.      4562. 

C. 154.        3235. 

B.M. 

CM. 

TG.  211. 

4582. 

94/1 i/i 

.  220. 

3195,  5860 

234- 

4365. 

96/2/1. 

76-7. 

709. 

81  ff. 

470. 

88. 

1098. 

89-9C 

.467. 

« 

131- 

5567. 

310. 

3611. 

1883. 

1876. 
1883. 


2123. 

257- 


252. 
1033,  1104 


SOUTH  KENSINGTON  MUSEUM. 

1883.     311.     2146.  11889.     432.     3095. 


CA  MB  RID  GE :   FITZ  WILLI  A  M  MUSEUM. 


2790. 

2790. 
2861  ff. 
2797-8. 
2726. 
2905. 
2783-8. 
2891  ff. 
2843  ff. 
2839. 
2802. 
2839. 
2807  ff. 


Vases  :— 

1 

3i,fromSalamis,     cf. 

2. 

cf.  Cypr.  Mus.  252.     | 

32-    „ 

Karpas- 

Uncat. 

?? 

967. 

sia,         ,, 

Uncat. 

j> 

972-3. 

33-    » 

Tremithus, ,, 

Uncat. 

j> 

989. 

38.    „ 

Idalion,       ,, 

12. 

s> 

1093. 

39-    » 

Idalion,       „ 

Glass  : — 

43-    .) 

Paphos,       „ 

I.  from  Amathus, 

cf.  2790. 

55-    » 

Idalion,      ,, 

8.     „ 

Tamassos, 

„  2801. 

56.    ,, 

Idalion,       ,, 

11.     „ 

Amathus, 

„  2676. 

64,    „ 

Golgoi,        ,, 

18.     „ 

Kurion, 

„  2536. 

65.    „ 

Golgoi,       ,, 

21.     ,, 

Salamis, 

„  2733. 

70-    .) 

Salamis,      ,, 

25-     .. 

Tremithus, 

„  2833. 

77-    » 

Tremithus, ,, 

26.     „ 

Amathus, 

„  2676. 

78.    „ 

2 

IXFOR 

D:__A 

SHMOLE. 

Vases  :- 

116, 

255  a, 

1-2. 

1-4. 

117. 

252, 

3. 

5-6, 

119. 

255. 

5-6. 

7  ff.,  82. 

122. 

270. 

8. 

26. 

125-7. 

1029  ff. 

9-12. 

30  ff. 

126-9. 

271  ff. 

13. 

12  ft. 

131-3- 

259. 

15. 

16. 

141. 

296. 

16-17. 

17. 

142. 

297. 

18-20. 

20. 

143. 

293. 

22. 

180, 

144. 

294. 

31-49- 

63  ff. 

146. 

291. 

51- 

91. 

151-9, 

281  ff. 

56. 

58. 

181, 

300. 

70. 

188  ff. 

201. 

48, 

71. 

162-3. 

232. 

346  ff. 

73- 

172. 

236. 

360. 

75. 

165. 

247-5C 

).     388-9. 

77- 

167-8, 

291-2. 

301-2. 

79- 

170. 

401, 

1034  ff. 

80. 

174  ff. 

402  (A 

m.)  1102, 

102-3. 

lllff. 

411-12 

.     436. 

105. 

126  ff. 

41.3. 

447. 

no. 

54, 

415-6. 

2007  a. 

111-2. 

36,  267. 

418, 

1029  ff. 

84. 

FromPoli,         cf  2520. 

86. 

J? 

Aphrodi- 

sion,       ,,  2812. 

90, 

Poll,          „  2501. 

92, 

Idalion,     „  2693. 

93- 

Amathus,  ,,  2513. 

104. 

Amathus,  ,,  2513. 

112. 

Tremi- 
thus,      ,,  2685. 

114. 

Soloi,        „  2726. 

U.S. 

Amathus, ,,  2905. 

118, 

Idalion,     „  2861  f 

121. 

Amathus  and 
Marion,  „  2905. 

419, 

1028  a. 

423- 

937  b. 

425- 

921. 

426. 

967. 

429  a,b. 

962. 

431- 

953  b. 

433-4- 

947,  952  a,  1009 

11. 

435- 

953. 

436-7- 

963-4. 

442. 

972. 

443- 

1093. 

444, 

974,  1093, 

445- 

972-3. 

446. 

977. 

447- 

1098, 

448-63, 

987  ff. 

448-9. 

993, 

4.'^7-9- 

982, 

464. 

1014. 

467, 

1027. 

468-9. 

1024, 

471. 

1040. 

473- 

1043  ff. 

476. 

1062, 

2l8 


477-9- 

1049. 

487. 

1059  a. 

489  (Am 

.)  1057. 

490     '. 

1057  a. 

491     .. 

1058. 

500. 

1086. 

503. 

1137. 

505- 

1162. 

510-1. 

1171-2. 

521. 

901  c,  932. 

INDEX    IV. 

527- 
530- 

059. 

1032. 

ir  J  --'^- 

531-2- 

981. 

573-7.       1251  ff. 

533-42 

997  ff. 

'  ASHMOLEAN  VaSES'  NoS 

537. 

1002. 

V.  6.          174. 

555- 

1070. 

V.  43.        953  b. 

557- 

1078. 

V.  4>5.        947. 

558. 

1079. 

V.  47.        953. 

559- 

1080. 

V.  70.        174. 

565- 

1176. 

For  miscellaneous  objects  see  General  Index,  p.  190,  s.v.  Ashmolean  Museum. 


PARIS:   MUSEE  DU  LOUVRE. 


Vases  :- 

1 

170. 

1070. 

[The  letters  refer  to  Salles 

174-5- 

997-9. 

A-M.] 

176-9. 

467  ff. 

A.     16. 

180  ff. 

iSo. 

1245. 

21. 

260. 

181-4. 

1201  ff. 

24. 

167-8. 

187  ff. 

1251  ff. 

27. 

63  ff. 

191-2. 

1253. 

32. 

360  ff. 

209. 

2001. 

33. 

346  ff. 

217-8. 

937  b. 

40-1. 

360  ff. 

223. 

929. 

45-6. 

301  ff. 

228. 

1023  a. 

47- 

386. 

229-30 

1022. 

72-3. 

12  ff. 

232. 

983. 

75. 

24  ff. 

2.^3- 

986. 

77- 

266-7. 

235- 

1501. 

78. 

252. 

243- 

1560. 

82. 

275-7. 

247-8. 

1313. 

85- 

255. 

253- 

1033, 1114. 

94- 

433. 

256. 

1698. 

95- 

368  ff. 

259- 

1840-8. 

97- 

1028  a. 

261. 

1855-64. 

99. 

953  b.  ff. 

D. 

58. 

1042. 

101-3. 

951  ff. 

E. 

109. 

1541. 

105. 

1170. 

184. 

1541. 

107-8. 

901  ff. 

240. 

1567. 

110-2. 

901  ff. 

F. 

94- 

1557. 

119. 

1138. 

97- 

1556. 

121-2. 

1093. 

376. 

1543. 

124. 

1062. 

526  ff. 

1595. 

126. 

1028. 

H 

51  ff. 

1638-9. 

128. 

1124. 

96. 

1795. 

130- 

975-6. 

129. 

1796. 

133- 

972-4. 

333- 

1772. 

138. 

977. 

500. 

1736. 

139- 

987. 

K. 

62-3. 

1707. 

140. 

988,  1171. 

397. 

1781. 

141. 

1004. 

399- 

1782  ff. 

144. 

921. 

L. 

40. 

1596. 

148-50 

.  1027. 

M 

Langl 

Dis     Coll.     3133, 

151. 

1093. 

4941. 

155. 

1115  ff. 

Myrina  Collection : — 

156. 

1187. 

407. 

3361. 

157. 

948. 

477- 

2802. 

164-5. 

1081. 

530- 

2807. 

169. 

981. 

534- 

2844. 

Myr.  538. 

2891  ff. 

582. 

1689. 

Figurines  : — 

[The   references  are   to   the 

Nos.  and  Plates  of  Heu- 

zey's  Figurines  Antiques 

du  Louvre^ 

Chypre  :■ 

-^ 

No.  I. 

462. 

2.  iv.  5. 

464-5. 

3.  iv.  6. 

466. 

4- 

463. 

33-4- 

3341-5. 

ix.  3 

.  1195. 

48.    X.  3. 

3293. 

P-73- 

4721-4. 

57-63- 

3001  ff.,  5258  ff., 

5337ff.,5448ff. 

64-81. 

3035,    5445, 

5503  ff. 

78-9. 

5601  ff. 

82-3. 

3185  7. 

84-91.  p. 

29.  5802  ff.,  Brit. 

A. 59-70. 

86. 

5601  ff. 

94-5- 

5521. 

96-7. 

5508. 

99- 

5528. 

101. 

5531. 

105-22. 

3001ff.,5258ff., 

5448  ff. 

109.  vi.  5 

.  5548. 

123-131. 

5005-7,  V.  reff. 

C.M.C.p.3onl 

188. 

3301. 

Rhodes  : — 

46-8. 

3017. 

Uncatalogued : — 
Salle  A.         3145,  5529. 


For  miscellaneous  objects  v.  General  Index,  p.  200,  s.v.  Louvre. 


CYPRIOTE    ANTIQUITIES    IN    OTHER    MUSEUMS, 


219 


MUSEE  DE  SAINT-GERMAIN-EN-LAYE. 


13811, 

13815 
13960, 

13962. 
14031 
14381 
14384- 

14705. 
15136. 
1 5 140. 
15141. 
15145- 


625,  4471-9. 
505  ff. 
3745  ff. 
989. 

(Cesn.).  5113. 
3721. 
3745  ff. 
63  ff. 
2719-24. 
2902. 
2811. 
651  ff. 


15146- 

501  ff. 

18031 

(Cesn.). 

15149- 

533  ff. 

18038. 

5719. 

15150- 

565  ff. 

180S8. 

63  ff. 

I5I5S. 

703  ff. 

19961. 

1002. 

^5163- 

709. 

19965. 

255. 

I5I66. 

3095. 

21518. 

p.  48. 

I5I8I. 

4901-3. 

21562. 

921. 

I80I9. 

3737. 

23442. 

356  ff. 

18021. 

2733. 

23447- 

167-8. 

18026. 

1004. 

31291- 

346  ff. 

18027. 

1001. 

32669. 

2782. 

5402. 


BIBLIOTHEQUE  NATION  ALE. 


1600. 

1635-7- 

3721  ff. 
4871-5. 

2837, 
2878. 

j  4375. 

F.  6912. 
De  Luyiies, 

3749. 

\  4581. 

1734- 

1511. 

2893  ff 

.    4146. 

242. 

VIENNA  :    R 

'UNSTHISTORISCHE 

'6"  MUSEUM. 

Saal  VII. 

Schrank  i. 

44- 

306  ff. 

74- 

1130  ft: 

No.  I.    cf.  C 

.  M.  194  ff. 

46. 

305. 

76- 

382  ff. 

2. 

7-11. 

47- 

437*. 

209  ff. 

6. 

467  ff. 

48. 

1008*. 

77- 

:  382  ff. 

7. 

23. 

49. 

271^. 

79- 

365. 

8. 

62  ff. 

50. 

431*. 

81. 

382  ff. 

9- 

120  ff. 

51- 

1062  ff. 

82. 

368  ff. 

11. 

63  ff. 

52- 

990t- 

85- 

P- 59, 1-3 

12, 

467  ff. 

54- 

901  ff. 

86. 

120  ff. 

14-5,  19- 

63  ff. 

56. 

301  ff. 

87. 

2089  ff. 

17-8. 

7-11. 

57- 

437*. 

88. 

997  ff. 

21. 

75  ff. 

59- 

987  ff. 

89. 

1009  ff. 

22,  26. 

24  ff. 

60. 

1008*. 

90. 

1072. 

24. 

44. 

6r. 

1029  ff. 

92-4. 

1124-5. 

27. 

266-7. 

63-4- 

1134  ff. 

96. 

987  ft". 

29. 

255-6. 

65-6. 

979. 

98. 

983. 

32- 

1239-40. 

67. 

342*. 
411ff.t 

103. 

252  a*. 

36. 

668  ff. 

105. 

914  ff. 

37. 

966  ff. 

68. 

360  ff. 

106. 

982-3. 

38. 

952. 

69. 

1063  ff. 

107. 

2107. 

39- 

346  ff. 

70. 

402. 

108. 

2100-1. 

40. 

452. 

71- 

1058. 

1895  additional,  230. 

41. 

980. 

203  ff.* 
306ff.t 

42. 

430. 

72. 

43. 

346  ff. 

73- 

952. 

Saal  IX. 

Schrank  i. 

9.        C.  M.  3253  ff. 

19,23.      CM 

.  5001 

I.       C. 

M.  462. 

10. 

5520. 

(head). 

2. 

464-5. 

17- 

3351  ff. 

20. 

5652  ff. 

5- 

5703. 

Saal  IX. 

Schrank  vii. 

21. 

5604  ft". 

6. 

5315  ff. 

16,  1 8.     C. 

M.  5129  ff., 

26-7. 

5274  ff. 

7- 

6001  ff. 

5795  ff. 

36. 

5112  ff. 

* 

in  form  only. 

t  in  technique 

or  ornament  only. 

INDEX  V. 


OF    REFERENCES   TO   THE    PRINCIPAL    PUBLICATIONS 


OF   CYPRIOTE   ANTIQUITIES. 


Salomon  Reinach,  Chroniques  d'Orieni,  i. 


p.  171.  C.M.C.  6212. 


179. 

II. 

187. 

I,  465. 

189. 

I,  2,  42,  44. 

197. 

12. 

198. 

2. 

199. 

3,8,  11,81,  175,1501. 

220-38. 

8. 

268. 

105,  2861,  2866-7. 

269. 

100. 

294. 

12. 

295. 

100,  106,  2999. 

303- 

10. 

357- 
5.56. 
642. 

10, 

Paphos,  Amargetti,  Poli 

Salamis. 

644. 
703- 

Poli. 
Salamis. 

704. 

Tamassos. 

704. 

705-6 

706. 

Poli. 

Paphos. 

Kurion :  gem  from. 

A.  P.  Di  Cesnola,  Salaminia. 


PI.  ii.  10. 

4343. 

II. 

4032. 

iv.     2  B. 

3786. 

8  A. 

594. 

8C. 

604. 

9E. 

3749. 

10. 

3613. 

V.     9. 

3924. 

vi.  13. 

3965. 

XX.  14. 

2165. 

18, 20 

2146. 

fig.     9,  12. 

132. 

19. 

4074. 

23- 

4028. 

26. 

4028. 

54- 

3848-9 

56. 

3561-8. 

77- 

636. 

159- 

2861  ff. 

248. 

2051. 

252. 

25. 

96. 

11. 

226. 

25. 

270. 

38. 

Journal  of  Helleyiic  Studies. 


.viii.     74.  fig.  17. 

cf.  4824. 

Vol.  xi.  200.                          4054,  4159, 

ix.  274. 

glass  bowl  covers. 

4306. 

PI.  V.  7. 

4378. 

PI.  V.  I.   4251. 

II. 

4343-9. 

2.    4851. 

xi.     52. 

3035. 

3.    4115. 

54  co- 

4581. 

PI.  X.   cf.  5992. 

ns  (6). 

6922. 

xii.  116,  PI.  ix,  X.            p.  161. 

"5(7). 

5921. 

149,  fig.  8.                5801. 

115  (10). 

5924. 

155.                            6822. 

"5  (12% 

5923. 

156,  fig.  9.                 5802. 

160-170. 

p.  174. 

159,  fig.  II.              5845. 

171. 

p.  162. 

160.                             5825. 
234.                             4441-3. 

PRINCIPAL    PUBLICATIONS    OF   CYPRIOTE    ANTIQUITIES.  221 


xu.  309. 

1670. 

313. 

PL  XV.    4008,  4013. 

314. 

XV.    4378,    Poll, 

4i,C.E.F. 

314. 

1577,  1669, 

3613. 

315, 

fig.  2,  PI.  xiv.  cf,  1698. 

319, 

fig.  4.                     6201. 

324-5? 

fig.  5.                     6204. 

324-5? 

fig.  6.                    3227. 

326. 

1689. 

XVll, 


137, 

1 70-1. 

152-3? 
164-9, 
164-9, 

147-52, 

149. 

150-1. 


fig- 


1-2. 


fig.  9. 
fig-  3-5. 
fig-  15- 

fig-  7-8. 
fig.  6. 

fig.  7-8. 


152-64.  fig.  10-14 


Ag.  Paraskevl. 
Bdtsalos. 
Hassan  Effhidi. 
Kalopsida. 
Ka7nelargh. 
Lakshh  tu  Riii. 
Larnaka. 
270,  183. 
Ttirabl. 


160.     '    fig.  13-14.  2001  ff. 
171.  Zdnikas. 


Max  Ohnefalsch  Richter,  Kypros,  the  Bible,  and  Homer. 


Frontispiece,  8  a. 

p.  61. 

Plate  xcviii.  i. 

434-5. 

p.  456. 

1501. 

cix.  II. 

1556. 

P  497- 

1603. 

ex.  5. 

3337-9. 

fig-  37-8. 

1184. 

6. 

3259. 

fig.  236. 

cf.  4581. 

cxvii. 

6301-6. 

Plate  iv-ix. 

p.  141. 

cxviii.  I. 

1704. 

xii.  1-3, 12 

.  3113-5. 

2. 

1705. 

xiii.  3. 

cf.  5006. 

cxxxvii.  5  a. 

300. 

XX  vi. 

6301-6. 

cxlii.  5  b. 

cf.  3147. 

xxxii.  29. 

4582. 

cxliii.  I  A,  B. 

598. 

30. 

4584. 

2  A,B. 

599. 

38. 

P-  135- 

4A,B. 

591. 

xxxiii.  1 6. 

4376. 

5-6. 

4015. 

17- 

4410. 

8. 

223. 

21. 

4378. 

8  A. 

610. 

*3- 

4375. 

cxliv.  4. 

4354. 

xxxvii.  6. 

464. 

13- 

4343-9. 

xl.  1-2. 

5048. 

cxlv. 

3351-5. 

3- 

5036. 

cxlvi.  3B. 

462. 

4-5- 

5050. 

5B. 

4502. 

xli.  I. 

5022. 

9A,B. 

481  ff. 

3- 

5023,  5036. 

cxlvii.  2. 

182,  434-5. 

4- 

5008. 

5  c. 

177. 

5- 

5003. 

cxlviii.  2. 

20-5. 

6. 

5004. 

5  a. 

13. 

7- 

5019. 

9  a. 

463. 

8. 

5053. 

10. 

219. 

xlii.  I. 

5051. 

cxlix.  II. 

708. 

2. 

5002,  5052. 

15. 

44. 

5- 

5136. 

15  e. 

225. 

6. 

5001. 

18,  20. 

491. 

8. 

5009. 

cl.  2. 

60L 

xliii.  8-10. 

3613. 

cli.  6,10,13 

,  15, 1 7.630  ff.,  4471- 

xlviii.  4. 

5398. 

35- 

p.  127. 

Iviii-ix. 

6301-6. 

clii.  3. 

203. 

Ixiii. 

1173. 

4- 

432. 

Ixiv.  6. 

1173. 

18. 

1501. 

Ixv. 

2770,    2800,   2808, 

clvi.  4. 

965. 

2843,  2851,  2899, 

clvii.  2. 

387. 

2902,  cf.  2802. 

2  a. 

1128. 

Ixvi.  I. 

2866. 

2d. 

442. 

4- 

2862. 

10. 

227. 

5- 

2861. 

clxiii. 

6301-6. 

6. 

2867. 

clxviii.  4  a. 

194  ff. 

Ixvii.  12. 

4354-7. 

clxix.  6d. 

81. 

13. 

4417. 

clxx.  9  c. 

411. 

Ixx.  4. 

4501. 

10. 

415. 

Ixxviii.  I,  13. 

5571. 

10  a. 

412. 

Ixxxvi. 

462. 

clxxi.  14. 

4501,  p.  57,  180. 

xcii. 

141,  cf.  3163. 

17-8. 

p.  58. 

222 

INDEX    V. 

Plate  clxxii. 

15  1- 

425. 

Plate  clxxxii. 

50. 

4801. 

17  t. 

466. 

clxxxiii. 

3- 

1719.  <  rg  7 

1704.            / 

clxxiii. 

19b. 

1034. 

4- 

19  e. 

952  a. 

6- 

1705. 

19  h. 

3145. 

22  a,b. 

634-5. 

20  p. 

462. 

clxxxiv. 

2. 

1568. 

23  a. 

463. 

clxxxvi-vii. 

3211  50. 

clxxviii. 

3- 

p.  60. 

cxcvii. 

I. 

5599. 

cl-xxxii. 

I. 

8003. 

4-5- 

6163. 

7. 

4009. 

cxcviii. 

2. 

6212. 

8. 

4028. 

ccii. 

3- 

3121. 

9- 

4015. 

cciii. 

3- 

3031. 

IS- 

4029. 

ccvi. 

5- 

3107. 

17- 

4374  a. 

ccviii. 

I. 

3171-3. 

18. 

4365. 

ccx. 

7- 

4364. 

19. 

4098. 

12-14. 

6051-2. 

20. 

4941. 

20. 

3091. 

21. 

4100. 

ccxiii. 

5- 

3930. 

22. 

4394. 

5  b. 

3931. 

23- 

4374. 

ccxv. 

2  a. 

5006. 

26. 

4376. 

7- 

5054. 

27. 

4942. 

ccxvi. 

8. 

990. 

28. 

4931. 

13- 

p.  186. 

31- 

4106. 

21-2. 

92. 

33- 

4343-9. 

28. 

1251. 

34- 

4182. 

29. 

261. 

37- 

4351. 

ccxvii. 

9- 

4377. 

38-9- 

4151  ff. 

12. 

4393. 

40. 

4150. 

20. 

4074. 

43- 

4588. 

T.  B.  Sandwith, 

Archaeologia,  xlv. 

Plate 

ix.  2. 

cf.  203  ff. 

Plate 

X.  5. 

cf.  1093. 

3- 

,,  255  a. 

xi.  2. 

„  1070  ff 

4- 

„  7ff. 

3- 

„  901  ff. 

6. 

„  20  ff. 

xii.  3. 

„   1094  ff. 

8. 

„  346  ff 

4- 

„  996. 

X.  2. 

„  305. 

xiii.  I. 

„  1128. 

4- 

„  466. 

Mitth.  d.  K.  K.  Deutschen  Archaeol.  Inst.:  Athenische  Abth.  (=Mitth.  Ath.). 


Vol. 


vi.  p.  224  (0-R). 

2163-4. 

Vol.xi. 

Beilage  i.  8. 

26, 

ix.p.  I27ff.  (O-R). 

p. 141  ff. 

9- 

386. 

p.  I  .^0,  fig.  1 . 

5004. 

II. 

546. 

p.  131    „    2. 

5001. 

12. 

657  ff. 

PI.  iv.  I. 

5003. 

14. 

551  ff. 

2. 

5008. 

16. 

505  ff. 

3- 

5023. 

ii.  4. 

177. 

4- 

5022. 

9- 

92. 

5- 

5036. 

10. 

200. 

xi.  p.  216-7  (F.  Diimmler) 

634  ff. 

14. 

261. 

Beilage  i.  i. 

182. 

iii.  I. 

225. 

5- 

180. 

5- 

44. 

6. 

215. 

xii 

•  P- 

18  ff.  (F. 

Diimmler) 

4824. 

7- 

219. 

P- 

286 

3145. 

G.  Perrot  and  C.  Chipiez,  Hisloire  de  I' Art  dans  V Antiquiie. 


Vol.    ii.  fig.  319,  cf.  4824. 


iii.  fig.  293, 
fig-  303, 
fig-  317, 


4869. 
4009. 
4378. 


Vol.  iii.  fig.    320, 

figs.  507, 

523, 


cf.  4251. 
„  1157. 


Vol.  iii.  fig.  595,  cf.  4824. 
vi-  fig-  3i9>    »  501. 


INDEX  VI. 

OF   MUTILATED    NAMES,   ARRANGED   ALPHABETICALLY 
BY   THEIR   INITIALS   AND   TERMINALS. 


Initials  :— 

■A7- 

2251. 

AtV- 

2202. 

'A///:- 

2266. 

'ApiffT- 

2219,  2255. 

'Apxo- 

2206. 

'Apxl  ]\at[ 

2235. 

'Ato- 

2204. 

Avjj.- 

2310. 

Ban- 

2250. 

Tov- 

2280. 

Aaficuv- 

2275. 

Aafiaiva- 

2210. 

Aiatco- 

p.  95  n.  ^. 

EI. 

1712. 

'Ettq- 

2276. 

'Epfiia- 

2278. 

"EvKpa- 

p.  95n.ff. 

■Hp- 

2279. 

0e[  Ivos 

2242. 

@e(T{x- 

2280. 

"Kpe- 

2242. 

N. 

1554. 

Bevo- 

2292. 

n. 

1653. 

na- 

2237. 

no\- 

2295. 

^eva- 

2297. 

2t- 

2298. 

2cu- 

2255. 

T(/z[  ]w[ 

2291. 

#/)- 

2355. 

N.B.  Cf.  the  Graffiti,  ( 

Medial  : — 

-/xoA.- 

2287. 

Terminals 



-A:/)dT€ia 

5146. 

-afiaiv 

2312. 

-paf 

2296. 

-aTa«A.^s 

2215. 

-:«\[  ] 

2241. 

-A"?y 

2241. 

-Oe/ijs 

5391. 

-atoy 

2233. 

-Ulailos 

2301. 

Na[  -]ioj 

2288. 

-a/iios 

2206. 

-€/«oy 

2279. 

-afxirpios 

2267. 

-iaios 

2249. 

-TIOS 

2251. 

-tA.  ]oj 

2235. 

-aixos 

2252,  2281 

-wSafios 

2261. 

Qe[  ']vos 

2242. 

-iv[^  ]vos 

2207. 

tflK-pl-XOS 

2289. 

-VfVS 

2249. 

•fvtvs 

2217. 

-ovevs 

2236, 

-lepevs 

2231. 

INDEX  VII. 

GIVING  ALL  THEOLD  NUMBERS.  FOUND  AFFIXED  TO  OBJECTS 
IN  THE  CYPRUS  MUSEUM  IN  1894 ;  TOGETHER  WITH 
THE  NUMBERS  UNDER  WHICH  THE  SAME  OBJECTS 
STAND    IN    THIS    CATALOGUE. 


Old  Nos. 
28  = 
40  = 

137  = 
141  = 
152  = 

157  = 
358  = 
393  = 
422  = 
422  = 

426  — 

427  = 

428  = 
433  = 

435  = 

436  = 
440  = 
443  = 
449  = 

455  = 

456  - 

457  ^- 

458  = 

459  = 

460  = 

464  = 
471  = 
478  = 

481  = 

482  = 


New  Nos. 
2294. 
2275. 
1136. 
1158. 
947  a. 
3135. 
1018  a. 
1181  a. 
3111. 
3285. 
3031. 
3191. 
3121. 
3145. 
3165. 
3119. 
3005. 
3031. 
3091. 
918. 
1293. 
1294. 
1295. 
1296. 
1322. 
2051. 
2118. 
1043. 
1119. 
1120. 


Old  Nos. 

484  = 

485  = 
491  = 

493  = 

495  = 

496  = 

497  = 
5S6  = 

692  = 

695  = 

696  = 

697  = 

702  = 

703  = 
706  = 
706  = 

712  = 

713  = 
715  = 

718  = 

719  = 
724  = 
728  = 

749  = 

750  = 
758  = 
760  = 

774  = 

781  = 

782  = 


New  Nos. 
1108. 
1117. 
988. 
912. 
969. 
977,978. 
931. 
505-14. 
2102. 
1070. 
1501. 
387. 
911. 
907. 
904. 
937. 
932. 
933. 
927. 
902. 
903. 
276. 
987. 
1651. 
970. 
974. 
971. 
906. 
948. 
909. 


Old  Nos. 
782  = 

795  = 

797  = 
800  = 

806  = 

807  = 

809  = 

810  = 

815  = 
827  = 
831  = 

843  = 

844  = 

845  = 
878  = 

907  = 

908  = 
916  = 
944  = 

952  = 

953  ^■ 
962  = 
968  = 
970  = 
981  = 

1075  = 

1499  = 

1500  = 
1515  = 
1541  = 


New  Nos. 

953  b. 

2083. 

2095. 

1068. 

2417. 

2408. 

2471. 

2472. 

2090. 

1026  a. 

2135. 

2148. 

964. 

1135  b. 

2419. 

2103. 

2153. 

2062. 

2071. 

2065. 

2101. 

2107. 

2086. 

926  b. 

3093. 

2166. 

531. 
:  533. 
:  564. 
=  116. 


Old  Nos. 
1553  = 
1553  = 
1559  = 
1608  ^ 
1612  - 
1725  = 

1767  ^ 

1768  = 
1772  = 
1920  = 
1938  = 
1952  = 
1981  = 

27.39  = 
5003  = 

5007  = 

5008  = 

5009  ■- 
5012  = 

5020  : 
5025  = 
5028  : 

5035  ' 

50.36 

5044 

5045 

5046 

5047 
5048  : 

5049 


New  Nos. 
114. 
563. 
286. 
412. 
413. 
1145. 
1184. 
113. 
1129. 
61. 
56. 
204. 
554. 
1045. 
13. 
14. 
2. 
3. 
84. 
51. 
223. 
255  a. 
219. 
215. 
654. 
485. 
501. 
505-14. 
552. 
583-4. 


Cyprus  Museum  Catalogue 


Plate  I 


A.  Physical 

Drawn  by  B.  V.  Darbishire 


^ 


Cyprus  Museum  Catalogue 


Plate  II 


BRONZE    AGE    POTTERY  :     UNPAINTED 

Scale  ^  ' 


Cyprus  Museum  Catalogue 


Plate  III 


\  "^^'^ ''  • 


A 

I   p   «^  l'\/U,if   j      BRONZE  AGE    POTTERY,    ETC. 

Scale  301-448  (f)  ;  462-4,  3145  H)  ;  501-599  (i) ;  630  633,  709  {{) 
636,  651-703,  73a  (i) 


Cyprus  Museum  Catalogue 


Plate  IV 


(;raeco-phoenician  pottery 

Scale  ^ 


Cyprus  Museum  Catalogue 


Plate  V 


GRAECO-PHOENICIAN    POTTERY    (continued.) 
Scale  tV 


Cyprus  Miseum  Catalogue 


Plate  VI 


3233  (A) 


LJIA 


5503  (i)   5525  (i;   5538  'i 


5992  (iV> 


5577  ii) 


6311  (iV) 


SCULPTURE  AND  TERRACOTTAS 
Scale  as  shown 


Cyprus  Museum  Catalogue 


Plate  Vfl 


43J6 


JEWfclLLERY 
Scale  ^ 


Cvi'Ris  MusKUM  Catai.O{;uf. 


Platf  VIII 


^-^   2352        2353 


»)53 


6307 


ENC.RAVKD    STONKS.    INSCRIPTIONS     FTC- 
Scale  },  except  5577  (^)  ;  6232  (|)  ;  5951  ff.    Jj) 


IO/6/99 


Clarenbon  Ipress,  ©yfotb. 


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5 


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.  Comparative  Morpho- 
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AI.A.  Revised  by  Isaac  Bayley 
Balfour,  M.A.,  M.D. ,  F.R.S.  Royal 
8vo,  half-morocco,  il.  2s.  6d. 

Lectures    on    Bacteria. 

By  Dr.  A.  de  Bary.  Second  Im- 
proved Edition.  Translated  by  H. 
E.  F.  Garnsey,  M.A.  Revised  by 
Isaac  Bayley  Balfour,  M.A.,  M.D., 
F.R.S.     Crown  8vo.    6s. 

Druce.  The  Flora  of  Berk- 
shire. Being  a  Topographical  and 
Historical  Account  of  the  Flowering 
Plants  and  Ferns  found  in  the 
County,  with  short  Biographical 
Notices.  By  G.  C.  Druce,  Hon. 
M.A.  Oxon.     Crown  Svo,  i6s.  net. 

Elliott.     An  Introduction  to 

the  Algebra  of  Quantics.  By 
E.  B.  Elliott,  M.A.    Svo.     15s. 

Goebel.  Outlines  of  Classifi- 
cation and  Special  Morphology  of  Plants. 
By  Dr.  K.  Goebel.  Translated  by 
H.  E.  F.  Garnsey,  M.A.  Revised  by 
Isaac  Bayley  Balfour,  M.A.,  M.D., 
F.R.S.  Royal  Svo,  half-morocco, 
1?.  IS. 

Johnston.      An    Elementary 

Treatise  on  Analytical  Geometry,  with 
Numerous  Examples.  By  W.  J. 
Johnston,  M.A.  (R.U.I.)  Crown 
Svo.     6s. 


Prestwich.  Geology,  Chemi- 
cal, Physical,  and  Stratigraphical.  By 
Sir  Joseph  Prestwich,  M.A.,  F.R.S. 
In  two  Volumes.     3^.  is. 

Price.     A    Treatise    on    the 

Measurement  of  Electrical  Resistance. 
By  W.  A.  Price,  M.A.,  A.M.I.C.E. 
Svo.     14s. 

Sachs.     A  History  of  Botany. 

Translated  by  H.  E.  F.  Garnsey, 
M.A.  Revised  by  I.  Bayley  Balfour, 
M.A.,M.D.,F.R.S.  Crown  Svo.  los. 

Solms-Laubach.  Fossil  Bot- 
any. Being  an  Introduction  to  Palaeo- 
phytology  from  the  Standimnt  of  the 
Botanist.  By  H.  Graf  zu  Solms- 
Laubach.  Translated  by  H.  E.  F. 
Garnsey,  M.A.  Revised  by  I.  Bayley 
Balfour,  M.A.,  M.D.,  F.R.S.  Royal 
Svo,  half-morocco,  iSs. 

Biological  Series. 

I.  Tlie   I'hijsiology    of  Nerve,   of 

Muscle,  and  of  the  Electrical 
Organ.  Edited  by  Sir  J.  Burden 
Sanderson,Bart.,M.D.,  F.R.SS. 
L.&E.    Medium  Svo.     il.  is. 

II.  The  Anatomy  of  the  Frog.    By 

Dr.  Alexander  Ecker,  Professor 
in  the  University  of  Freiburg. 
Translated,  with  numerous 
Annotations  and  Additions, 
by  G.  Haslam,  M.D.  Medium 
Svo.  2 IS. 
IV.  Essays  upon  Heredity  and 
Kindred  Biological  Problems.  By 
Dr.  A.  Weismann.  Authorized 
Translation.     Crown  Svo. 

Vol.  I.  Edited  by  E.  B.  Poulton, 
S.  Schonland,and  A.  E.  Shipley. 
Second  Edition.     7s.  6d. 

Vol.  II.  Edited  by  E.  B.  Poulton, 
and  A.  E.  Shipley.     5.9. 


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